The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAW-LAW-2

April 21, 2017, 11:31 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"If a widow remarries, she yields rights to all property inherited from the marriage” (482).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"A widow who inherits some of her husband’s property may lose it if, at some point after his death, she marries another man” (866).
Dec. 7, 2016, 10:16 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"If the widow chooses to remarry, she informs and sometimes seeks the approval of her late husband’s family. At that time she must move into her new husband’s household and cannot remain or keep the previously held land or other assets, which would then be administered by the family of the deceased husband or until the children come of age"(12)
Nov. 17, 2016, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"Women have the same legal rights as men, including rights under family, property, labor, nationality, and inheritance laws" (11).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

“Forty-two percent of widows were dispossessed of their property, the same figure reported in the 2008 NDHS. There is no urban-rural difference in the proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property” (339). “Women in the South West (62 percent) are most likely to be dispossessed of their property, followed by women in the North Central (59 percent) and South South (51 percent) zones. Women living in the North West (14 percent) are least likely to be dispossessed of their property. Lagos has the highest proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property (71 percent)” (341). “It is notable that widowed women with no ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:55 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

“Forty-two percent of widows were dispossessed of their property, the same figure reported in the 2008 NDHS. There is no urban-rural difference in the proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property” (339). “Women in the South West (62 percent) are most likely to be dispossessed of their property, followed by women in the North Central (59 percent) and South South (51 percent) zones. Women living in the North West (14 percent) are least likely to be dispossessed of their property. Lagos has the highest proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property (71 percent)” (341). “It is notable that widowed women with no ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:47 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

“Forty-two percent of widows were dispossessed of their property, the same figure reported in the 2008 NDHS. There is no urban-rural difference in the proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property” (339). “Women in the South West (62 percent) are most likely to be dispossessed of their property, followed by women in the North Central (59 percent) and South South (51 percent) zones. Women living in the North West (14 percent) are least likely to be dispossessed of their property. Lagos has the highest proportion of widowed women who have been dispossessed of their property (71 percent)” (341). “It is notable that widowed women with no ...more
Aug. 31, 2016, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"One Law for All, Southall Black Sisters, the Centre for Secular Space, Nari Diganta and the Iranian and Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation have welcomed the Law Society’s withdrawal of their sharia wills practice note. The practice note advised solicitors on how to draw up ‘Sharia-compliant’ wills, stating that '… illegitimate and adopted children are not Sharia heirs … The male heirs in most cases receive double the amount inherited by a female heir … Non-Muslims may not inherit at all … a divorced spouse is no longer a Sharia heir…'" (1,2, 3)
July 27, 2016, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"The Interim Constitution expressly states that women have the right to own property and to share in the estates of their deceased husbands. Customary law differs on this point, however, focusing instead on ensuring that property remains within families. Although property is owned by a family, it is held by the man, as the head of the household—an arrangement that is often confused with that of ‘ownership’. According to the customary laws of many tribes, women cannot own property in their own capacity, nor may they keep their own income. On leaving a family through divorce, a woman forfeits all of her belongings, which continue to be owned by the ...more
July 27, 2016, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"Third book On Succession, Second Title On Succession Determined by a Will, Chapter III On the Capacity to Inherit Art.1313 All the inhabitants of the federal district, of all ages, can inherit and can't be completely denied of their inheritance; but only in relation to certain people and certain goods, the inheritance can be lost for one of the following reasons: I. Lack of personality II. Crime III. Presumption of negative influence on the freedom of the author of the will, or the truth or integrity of the will. IV. Lack of international reciprocity. V Public use. VI Renounce or dismissal of any charge conferred in the will Art.1316. Following ...more
July 27, 2016, 3:18 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

Chapter IV On forced designations Section II On the conjugal portion Art.874 The conjugal portion is a part of the estate from the deceased spouse that the law assigns to the surviving spouse who lacks the means to support themselves. Art. 875 Even separated spouses have a right to the conjugal portion (art. 148) unless they have been declared to be at fault for the separation. 881-1. If once the debts of succession are settled, an inhabitable urban or rural real estate property were to remain and if this property was the conjugal home, being property of the deceased, common property of the marriage and with other heirs, the surviving ...more
July 26, 2016, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"Art 146 If a woman who did not become pregnant were to remarry before 300 days after the annulment or dissolution of her marriage have passed, she will lose legacies or any other liberty or benefit that her husband had made for her on his will" (13). Please note that this was translated from Spanish to English by CCR. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT). "Art.146.- La mujer que no habiendo quedado embarazada volviere a casarse antes de transcurrido los trescientos días de disuelto o anulado su matrimonio, perderá los legados o cualquier otra liberalidad o beneficio que el marido le hubiera hecho en su testamento" (13).
July 14, 2016, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

“Constitution of the Republic of Rwanda in its articles 10, 11, 16, 25, 28, 37 and 40. In all those articles…. All citizens enjoy equal legal protection, and right for private ownership of property and others are equally guaranteed for men as well as women…” (26)
June 19, 2016, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

Wives have equal inheritance rights to husbands (96).
March 17, 2016, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"Unable to offer such information with certainty/accuracy. Please note that all citizens residing in Cyprus whether they are minorities or not, are obliged to obey and follow the rules and laws of Cyprus Republic" (2)
March 4, 2016, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"In case of remarriage widow of deceased will get the inheritance. If dower (Mehar) was not paid will be paid from inheritance first. If a man gave revocable divorce, wife will get inheritance. If a man gave irrevocable divorce, wife will not get her share. If a woman gets khula before husband,s death, she is not entitiles for her share. In case of dowery given woman will be entitles to inheritance" (4)
March 1, 2016, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"The Zimbabwe Administration of Estates Act No. 6 of 1997 stipulates that if a spouse dies without a will, the surviving partner inherits their immovable property. Prior to this act, a husband’s estate was dissolved if he died intestate. However, Zimbabwe Women Lawyers Association director Emilia Muchawa told IPS that although 86 percent of the country’s women earn a living farming communal land allocated to their husbands by traditional chiefs, legislation is silent on the issue of women’s rights to inherit this land. “Customarily chiefs allocate land to male heads of households, but women do not automatically inherit this upon their husband’s death. “They may be evicted from the land ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"The law invests women with the same legal status and rights as men. Discrimination against women, however, continued to be widespread, especially in rural areas. Many customary laws discriminate against women in adoption, marriage, divorce, and inheritance. Under local customary law in many areas, women may not own or inherit property or retain custody of their children. Traditional divorce law in many areas requires women to meet stricter evidentiary standards than men to prove adultery. Polygyny is legal under both customary and Islamic law. In some ethnic groups, men can “inherit” the widows of their deceased brothers" (1).
Feb. 29, 2016, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"If the surviving spouse has remarried, at the death of that spouse division of the marital and separate property retained by him or her from the previous marriage shall take place as provided in this chapter, before property division with respect to the new marriage may be performed" (2, 3).
Feb. 29, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"There are two forms of inheritance recognized under the Senegalese system: civil law and Islamic Sharia law. While living, individuals must choose which system they prefer; the default regime is the civil system. Civil law inheritance is favourable to widows and daughters, granting them the same rights as sons. It is this form of inheritance that is most common in urban areas. By contrast, under Sharia law, daughters receive half the amount that sons receive, while wives receive a quarter of the inheritance, or an eighth of their husband’s property if there are children. In rural areas, customary practices vary from region to region. In some cases, widows are considered ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"Section 10 in The Hindu Succession Act, 1956 talks about the distribution of property in situation husband dies intestate and says that distribution of property shall take place among the heirs in class I of the Schedule wherein the Rule 1 specifically states that the intestate’s widow, or if there are more widows than one, all the widows together shall take one share. For instance, if husband dies intestate and is survived by two widows and a son, heirs in Class I shall take the property simultaneously and to the exclusion of all others. Here according to the provisions of Rule 1 of section 10, both the widows of the ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"The Hindu Succession Act of 2005 granted Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist and Jain women equal inheritance rights to ancestral and jointly owned property, although enforcement of this law is weak. In 2011 the government reported that the section of the law that denied rights of a widow to inherit her husband’s property upon her remarriage has been repealed. In practice, many women, particularly in northern India, are still deprived of inheritance. A recent survey by UN Women conducted in two states found that only 22 percent of families surveyed knew about the 2005 amendment that gave women equal inheritance rights. However, even if women are aware of this amendment, they tend ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: IAW-LAW-2

"In case a spouse having beneficial enjoyment of a joint estate marries again, his or her right of beneficial enjoyment is cancelled" (para 26).
Feb. 28, 2016, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"The Devolution of Estates Act (2007) provides that men and women have the same inheritance rights in the event of the death of a spouse or a parent, regardless of religious or ethnic identity. The law similarly provides sons and daughters with equal inheritance rights. With regard to marriages with more than one spouse, the Act provides for distribution of the estate among the surviving spouses in proportion to the duration of their respective marriages, accounting for other factors such as any contributions they have made to the estate. Widows cannot be evicted from the home that she shared with her husband; however there remain certain types of property that ...more
Feb. 28, 2016, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"Inheritance is governed by Sharia, customary, and civil law, depending on the identity of the person concerned. Under the 2011 Family Code, female and male surviving spouses have equal inheritance rights to property, as do sons and daughters. Under sharia law, however, daughters are entitled to receive only half the share received by sons. A further discrimination is that women can inherit only poor quality land that is not very fertile. Customary law followed by certain ethnic groups views the wife as part of the inheritance, and obliges her to marry a brother of her deceased husband, who then receives all of the estate and assumes custody of the children. ...more
Feb. 28, 2016, 8:32 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"Intestate inheritance is currently governed by the Intestate Succession Ordinance 12 of 1946 and the Native Administration Proclamation 15 of 1928, as well as the 1996 Married Person’s Equality Act. Under civil marriage, the type of property arrangement affects the inheritance regime. The default marital property regime is full community of property, and for couples married under the latter, the surviving spouse is entitled to half the value of the joint estate. The other half forms the estate of the deceased spouse and is divided according to their will. There is no discrimination between sons and daughters under civil marriages. In addition the Children’s Status Act states that children born ...more
Feb. 28, 2016, 8:29 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits discriminatory practices against women married under civil law, but women who are married under customary law continued to face legal and cultural discrimination. Traditional practices continued that permit family members to confiscate the property of deceased men from their widows and children. The custom by which a widow or widower marries the brother or sister of a deceased to ensure that the surviving spouse and children are cared for is practiced in some areas of the country. Anecdotal evidence suggested that the prevalence of these practices had decreased in recent years, however, and during the year occurred mostly with the consent of both parties" (1).more
Feb. 28, 2016, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"Although surviving spouses and sons and daughters legally have equal rights to inheritance under articles 66 and 2133 of the Civil Code, the 2007 shadow report to CEDAW reported that, in practice, inheritance laws in Mozambique were discriminatory towards women. Customary practices also discriminate against women where widows are commonly left with no rights to inheritance, especially in the case of de facto unions. Customary practices also force widows to remain unmarried if they are to retain their husband’s property and guardianship of their children. Societal discrimination against widows is a problem in Mozambique, and the rights of widows are not directly addressed in the Family Law Act. For instance, ...more
Feb. 28, 2016, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"The law provides women the same legal status and rights as men under family, labor, property, and inheritance laws. The practice of “purification,” whereby a widow is obligated to have unprotected sex with a member of her deceased husband’s family, continued, particularly in rural areas. In some instances women reported losing inheritance rights for not being “purified” following the death of their husbands" (1).
Feb. 28, 2016, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-2

"In the matter of inheritance, the 1999 Inheritance and Marital Property Law guarantees equal rights for female and male spouses and children to inherit property. According to the law, a surviving spouse married under the community of property marriage regime inherits all property. If the surviving spouse remarries they keep half of the original inherited property with the other half shared equally among the deceased’s children. If a spouse remarries, he or she retains one quarter of property in full ownership and three-quarters is administered for the children. According to the Chronic Poverty Research Centre, in 2005 59.96 percent of widows inherited the majority of assets after their spouses" (para ...more