The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAW-PRACTICE-1

April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that only a small percentage of women in the State party (8 per cent) own land, that Law No. 33/2012, which provides for joint ownership by both spouses of property acquired during marriage, is not being implemented effectively and that women are frequently discriminated against in matters of inheritance" (Pg 11).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl ...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the challenges in its implementation, including the 18 year minimum age of marriage for women and men" (13).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The findings state that despite a high level of awareness regarding inheritance rights, women prefer not to invoke them in the face of socio-cultural barriers" (109).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts towards poverty eradication in rural areas, including increasing the old age pension for persons aged 60 and above. It is concerned, however, at women’s limited access to land and the lack of information on rural women’s access to microfinance and microcredit schemes. The Committee is particularly concerned at reports of land grabbing by relatives of deceased spouses and the impact on women in rural areas. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To adopt specific measures aimed at facilitating women’s access to land, in particular in rural areas; (b) To collect information on and promote rural women’s access to microfinance and microcredit ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy ...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to improve the living conditions of rural women, but remains concerned about: (a) Rural women’s limited access to land owing to legal and sociocultural barriers with regard to their right to inheritance and limited access to decision-making processes concerning the use of land; (b) Land grabbing by huge agricultural companies from local farmers who are the traditional users, which contributes to the increase in poverty of rural women; (c) Rural women’s limited access to adequate health care, education, public transportation, food, water and sanitation, income-generating opportunities and social protection; (d) Barriers faced by rural women in gaining access to microcredit. ...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"It is, however, concerned at the persistence of deeply rooted gender stereotypes, in addition to practices that are harmful to women, such as female genital mutilation, forced marriages, child marriages, polygamy or succession rites relating to widowhood, including levirate and sororate" (7).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] remains concerned, however, about…the prevalence of discriminatory practices that prevent rural women from inheriting or acquiring ownership of agricultural land and other property" (15).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2011, with a view to preventing women from being exploited in times of hardship and grief, the Office of the Chief Qadi issued a circular intended to eliminate certain social attitudes, customs and traditions that pressure women to sign over their inheritances to their brothers" (71).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan

"The persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance law, both as daughters and as widows" (Pg 17).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"When a wife dies, the husband inherits her belongings, but when the husband dies, his wife does not inherit his belongings" (15).
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe

"Activist, firebrand and feminist are just a few of the terms used to describe Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushonga, a former opposition MP and cabinet minister in Zimbabwe. No one would call her a pushover. Yet despite her connections and some of the country’s finest lawyers arguing her case, after her husband’s death she was forced empty-handed out of her matrimonial home of 13 years. Before Ms Misihairabwi-Mushonga was widowed she and her late husband owned three houses, including one in the leafy suburb of Mt Pleasant in the north of Harare. They shared bank accounts and owned several cars. Some of this was left to her in a will. Yet after her ...more
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe

"It is not only the government that grabs other people’s stuff in Zimbabwe. In-laws do it, too. Tens of thousands of widows are stripped of their property after the death of their husbands. A report released this week by Human Rights Watch (HRW), an outfit based in New York, documents numerous cases of Zimbabwean widows losing their homes, the land that they had tended for years and even the fruit growing on their trees" (para 3). "The dispossession of old women continues despite laws that, on paper, protect them from predatory in-laws . This is thanks to two quirks in Zimbabwe’s legal system. The first is a hangover from a ...more
Dec. 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Egyptian parliament passed a new Inheritance law Dec. 5 giving women their legitimate right to inheritance after the majority had been deprived of it, especially in Upper Egypt where cultural norms and traditions are ingrained with sexism" (para 1). "NCW Director Maya Morsi told Al-Monitor, 'We reached 1.2 million women in rural and underprivileged areas in our 'Tareq al-abwab' ['door knockin'] campaign to familiarize women depriced of inheritance of their rights.' The gampaign aims at reaching out to women in villages and remote areas in Egypt's governantes, especially in Upper Egypt, to raise awareness of their rights and help them improve their economic and social conditions" (para 4-5). "'the ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: Jordan

"in Jordan, a 2010 regulation tightened the procedures to transfer inheritance rights after countless women were pressured to waive rights to their full inheritance" (para 8).
Nov. 30, 2017, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"A recent study in Ecuador found that due to its community property regime and equal inheritance practices, the gender gap in asset ownership is almost absent (Deere and Diaz 2011)"(26)."The study explains Ecuador, the most common form of ownership is by the principal couple"(26-27)
Nov. 30, 2017, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"...only 2% of land parcels in [the Indian state of] Karnataka and 3% in Ghana are reported as being owned by the principal couple"(27)
Nov. 29, 2017, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-5

"Women often acquire land through government land allocation programs. Several countries have implemented land distribution schemes as part of land reform, land rehabilitation programs, or as part of anti-poverty programs. In most cases, however, women were not given equal rights under these schemes, with the male head of household given sole ownership of the land. That was the case, for instance, in the Mahaweli irrigation and resettlement scheme in Sri Lanka, as well in a major land reform initiative in the Indian state of West Bengal in the 1980s (Agarwal 2002)"(27)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"...only 2% of land parcels in [the Indian state of] Karnataka and 3% in Ghana are reported as being owned by the principal couple. In Karnataka, 13% of the plots are reported as owned jointly by people other than the principal couple. These plots are often owned jointly by a parent and an adult child; this category also includes joint ownership with a non-household member"(27)."Women often acquire land through government land allocation programs. Several countries have implemented land distribution schemes as part of land reform, land rehabilitation programs, or as part of anti-poverty programs. In most cases, however, women were not given equal rights under these schemes, with the male ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh

"Bangladesh, for instance, follows Muslim religious laws for inheritance, which stipulate that a daughter inherits one-half the share of her brother, a wife can claim one-eighth of the property, while a mother gets one-sixth (Ramachandran 2006)"(25)
Nov. 27, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"As the Afghan Ministry of Justice estimates, 90 percent of Afghans decide land rights according to customary laws – regulations developed and instituted at the regional and tribal level. For this reason, few Afghan women are able to capitalize on their right to inherit and own property" (para 2). "The U.S. Institute of Peace recommends addressing women's land rights within an Islamic law framework, especially given that the Quran and Hadith permit women to both own and inherit property. As such, including local religious leaders in awareness raising campaigns and educational programming on women's land rights could boost buy-in from communities" (para 7) (Coder comment: Islamic law is customary law ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal

"The frail looking 45-year-old woman [widow] has no documents to prove her rights to her husband’s property in the ancient town of Sankhu"(para 3)."She [Lily Thapa, chief of Women for Human Rights] said many widows lacked documents to claim their dead husband’s property or faced difficulties getting rebuilding grants because their marriage was not registered, as is common in Nepal"(para 9)."[Lily] Thapa founded WHR 20 years ago following the death of her husband in the Gulf War while he was working with a peace mission in Iraq. The organization, which has more than 2,000 widow groups nationwide, campaigns for better social and cultural rights, and helps widows secure property, economic ...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"In many parts of Afghanistan, infertile women are abused in their homes, deprived of their inheritance, sent back to their parents, ostracized or have their marriage terminated"(para 9)
July 6, 2017, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"'[My mother-in-law] told me: 'It's customary when your husband dies, you have to leave and go back to your home'. I was shocked'" (para 3). "Even though Tanzania's constitution guarantees equal rights to own property, customary law which often takes precedence, especially in rural areas, states that widows have no right to inherit from their husbands" (para 4). "In 2015, a U.N. committee called on Tanzania to amend laws and customs that discriminate against women after independent experts considered a complaint by two widows, who had been evicted by their in-laws following the deaths of their husbands" (para 6). "Provisions allowing widows to live on their matrimonial property until they ...more
June 17, 2017, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela

“What is particularly worrisome about the sole focus on female household heads as beneficiaries in the [land] reforms in Venezuela … is that if in the case of couples, only husbands are on the beneficiary lists, this leaves women vulnerable in the case of household dissolution” (275).
June 1, 2017, 7:52 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago

“The 1981 law on inheritance does not discriminate on the grounds of gender.[12] According to data gathered by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), while Afro-Trinidadian communities do not necessarily favour males over females, inheritance has traditionally been patrilineal among the country’s East Indian communities. This gap has shifted to a more egalitarian distribution in recent years. In terms of customary practices that affect inheritance rights for women, polygamy, for example, continues to be practiced in Trinidad and Tobago, despite being punishable by law” (para 4).
May 31, 2017, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Land is often acquired by inheritance or when the woman changes status to become the head of her household following ... the death of her husband. Women heads of household and widows represent only 16 percent of all households in the oasis regions and do not have access to land titles that can be used as collateral for bank loans. ... the patrilineal inheritance system excludes most women from owning land (even communal land), and the issue of land tenure remains complicated and tenuous” (9).
May 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

“Women also face significant challenges in retaining their property after ... widowhood” (7).
May 30, 2017, 11:39 a.m.
Countries: Slovenia

"While women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men under ... inheritance laws, they experienced discrimination in some areas" (1).