The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAW-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"When a wife dies, the husband inherits her belongings, but when the husband dies, his wife does not inherit his belongings" (15).
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Activist, firebrand and feminist are just a few of the terms used to describe Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushonga, a former opposition MP and cabinet minister in Zimbabwe. No one would call her a pushover. Yet despite her connections and some of the country’s finest lawyers arguing her case, after her husband’s death she was forced empty-handed out of her matrimonial home of 13 years. Before Ms Misihairabwi-Mushonga was widowed she and her late husband owned three houses, including one in the leafy suburb of Mt Pleasant in the north of Harare. They shared bank accounts and owned several cars. Some of this was left to her in a will. Yet after her ...more
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"It is not only the government that grabs other people’s stuff in Zimbabwe. In-laws do it, too. Tens of thousands of widows are stripped of their property after the death of their husbands. A report released this week by Human Rights Watch (HRW), an outfit based in New York, documents numerous cases of Zimbabwean widows losing their homes, the land that they had tended for years and even the fruit growing on their trees" (para 3). "The dispossession of old women continues despite laws that, on paper, protect them from predatory in-laws . This is thanks to two quirks in Zimbabwe’s legal system. The first is a hangover from a ...more
Dec. 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Egyptian parliament passed a new Inheritance law Dec. 5 giving women their legitimate right to inheritance after the majority had been deprived of it, especially in Upper Egypt where cultural norms and traditions are ingrained with sexism" (para 1). "NCW Director Maya Morsi told Al-Monitor, 'We reached 1.2 million women in rural and underprivileged areas in our 'Tareq al-abwab' ['door knockin'] campaign to familiarize women depriced of inheritance of their rights.' The gampaign aims at reaching out to women in villages and remote areas in Egypt's governantes, especially in Upper Egypt, to raise awareness of their rights and help them improve their economic and social conditions" (para 4-5). "'the ...more
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"in Jordan, a 2010 regulation tightened the procedures to transfer inheritance rights after countless women were pressured to waive rights to their full inheritance" (para 8).
Nov. 30, 2017, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"A recent study in Ecuador found that due to its community property regime and equal inheritance practices, the gender gap in asset ownership is almost absent (Deere and Diaz 2011)"(26)."The study explains that...in Ecuador, the most common form of ownership is by the principal couple"(26-27)
Nov. 30, 2017, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"...only 2% of land parcels in [the Indian state of] Karnataka and 3% in Ghana are reported as being owned by the principal couple"(27)
Nov. 29, 2017, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-5

"Women often acquire land through government land allocation programs. Several countries have implemented land distribution schemes as part of land reform, land rehabilitation programs, or as part of anti-poverty programs. In most cases, however, women were not given equal rights under these schemes, with the male head of household given sole ownership of the land. That was the case, for instance, in the Mahaweli irrigation and resettlement scheme in Sri Lanka, as well in a major land reform initiative in the Indian state of West Bengal in the 1980s (Agarwal 2002)"(27)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"...only 2% of land parcels in [the Indian state of] Karnataka and 3% in Ghana are reported as being owned by the principal couple. In Karnataka, 13% of the plots are reported as owned jointly by people other than the principal couple. These plots are often owned jointly by a parent and an adult child; this category also includes joint ownership with a non-household member"(27)."Women often acquire land through government land allocation programs. Several countries have implemented land distribution schemes as part of land reform, land rehabilitation programs, or as part of anti-poverty programs. In most cases, however, women were not given equal rights under these schemes, with the male ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Bangladesh, for instance, follows Muslim religious laws for inheritance, which stipulate that a daughter inherits one-half the share of her brother, a wife can claim one-eighth of the property, while a mother gets one-sixth (Ramachandran 2006)"(25)
Nov. 27, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"As the Afghan Ministry of Justice estimates, 90 percent of Afghans decide land rights according to customary laws – regulations developed and instituted at the regional and tribal level. For this reason, few Afghan women are able to capitalize on their right to inherit and own property" (para 2). "The U.S. Institute of Peace recommends addressing women's land rights within an Islamic law framework, especially given that the Quran and Hadith permit women to both own and inherit property. As such, including local religious leaders in awareness raising campaigns and educational programming on women's land rights could boost buy-in from communities" (para 7) (Coder comment: Islamic law is customary law ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The frail looking 45-year-old woman [widow] has no documents to prove her rights to her husband’s property in the ancient town of Sankhu"(para 3)."She [Lily Thapa, chief of Women for Human Rights] said many widows lacked documents to claim their dead husband’s property or faced difficulties getting rebuilding grants because their marriage was not registered, as is common in Nepal"(para 9)."[Lily] Thapa founded WHR 20 years ago following the death of her husband in the Gulf War while he was working with a peace mission in Iraq. The organization, which has more than 2,000 widow groups nationwide, campaigns for better social and cultural rights, and helps widows secure property, economic ...more
Oct. 4, 2017, 7:02 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"In many parts of Afghanistan, infertile women are abused in their homes, deprived of their inheritance, sent back to their parents, ostracized or have their marriage terminated"(para 9)
July 6, 2017, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"'[My mother-in-law] told me: 'It's customary when your husband dies, you have to leave and go back to your home'. I was shocked'" (para 3). "Even though Tanzania's constitution guarantees equal rights to own property, customary law which often takes precedence, especially in rural areas, states that widows have no right to inherit from their husbands" (para 4). "In 2015, a U.N. committee called on Tanzania to amend laws and customs that discriminate against women after independent experts considered a complaint by two widows, who had been evicted by their in-laws following the deaths of their husbands" (para 6). "Provisions allowing widows to live on their matrimonial property until they ...more
June 17, 2017, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

“What is particularly worrisome about the sole focus on female household heads as beneficiaries in the [land] reforms in Venezuela … is that if in the case of couples, only husbands are on the beneficiary lists, this leaves women vulnerable in the case of household dissolution” (275).
June 1, 2017, 7:52 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

“The 1981 law on inheritance does not discriminate on the grounds of gender.[12] According to data gathered by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), while Afro-Trinidadian communities do not necessarily favour males over females, inheritance has traditionally been patrilineal among the country’s East Indian communities. This gap has shifted to a more egalitarian distribution in recent years. In terms of customary practices that affect inheritance rights for women, polygamy, for example, continues to be practiced in Trinidad and Tobago, despite being punishable by law” (para 4).
May 31, 2017, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Land is often acquired by inheritance or when the woman changes status to become the head of her household following ... the death of her husband. Women heads of household and widows represent only 16 percent of all households in the oasis regions and do not have access to land titles that can be used as collateral for bank loans. ... the patrilineal inheritance system excludes most women from owning land (even communal land), and the issue of land tenure remains complicated and tenuous” (9).
May 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

“Women also face significant challenges in retaining their property after ... widowhood” (7).
May 30, 2017, 11:39 a.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"While women enjoy the same legal status and rights as men under ... inheritance laws, they experienced discrimination in some areas" (1).
May 29, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Wives felt secure in continuing to bear the respected title of ‘Mrs.’ and knowing that their and their children’s inheritance was intact. ... Stories are told in Jamaica of husbands completely disinheriting their wives by assigning their holdings to the other family in their wills” (114).
May 29, 2017, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

“Sad stories are constantly told in Jamaica of left-behind husbands passing away in Jamaica and wives returning from abroad to ‘put out’ the other woman and her children, sell the husband’s property, and leave again for the United States, without the other woman receiving any part of the husband’s fortune, or even any recognition, for her years of devotion” (67).
May 29, 2017, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Inheritance continues to be handled according to Islamic Sharia law, which favors male heirs. Daughters, for instance, receive half as much of an estate as sons. Widows without children may receive nothing, especially in rural areas, where traditional beliefs prevail. The argument in favor of gender bias in inheritance law is that women are not expected to provide for their families and children, although this holds less true in Tunisia than in most of the Muslim world” (1212).
May 29, 2017, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“According to InformantLCSO-7, one of the informants working for the national rural women‘s network in Cusco, women‘s rights are often violated due to the machismo mindset: Women obtain land through marriage, and do not need to inherit land. This practice is still present” (53-54).
May 29, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Our qualitative studies indicate that male preference in inheritance of land is still strong in the Peruvian highland” (25).
May 25, 2017, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ADCM-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

“In cases when a marriage ends by any means such as when the husband died, most women [in the southern border provinces] do not get their fair share of the marriage property and the inheritance is not managed according to the spirit of Islam" (9).
May 24, 2017, 5:30 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“There is no sign of customary or religious governing inheritance laws, though reports suggest that women migrants may face more challenges in claiming their rights” (para 5).
May 19, 2017, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“In a traditional Chinese society, women tend to be regarded as economically dependent, and are often pressured to give up their inheritance rights in the face of opposition from their male kin, the ministry explained” (para 5).
May 19, 2017, 8 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“The number of women in Taiwan who chose to waive their right to inheritance last year surpassed that of their male counterparts by 7,000 people, according to Ministry of Finance figures released on Sunday. According to the ministry statistics, 30,000 women in 2015 waived their right to inheritance, while only 23,000 men did so. Meanwhile, among the 210,000 individuals who paid their estate and gift tax during this period, female heirs only accounted for about 40 percent of the total, or 82,000 people. According to tradition, only males can pass down property and the family name, the Finance Ministry said, pointing out that although Taiwanese males and females are equal ...more
May 15, 2017, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Because women are not expected to pay for household expenses or support their husband and children, they are paid less when they work, and they receive much smaller shares of inheritance. Daughters, for instance, receive half as much as sons, and widows without children often receive nothing. In much of the country, women are unaware that they have inheritance rights at all and do nothing to stop male heirs from taking all of the estate” (1181).
May 15, 2017, 7:18 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

“Inheritance is handled without respect to gender” (330).