The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IAW-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Women are discriminated against in the realm of property and inheritance as well since the Government recognizes the authority of village elders and religious or ethnic leaders to adjudicate property rights. For example, Kachin customary law favors sons over daughter in inheritance disputes; in divorce cases, the Palaung and the Kachin grant property to the husband as a matter of right" (page 28). "Palaung: By Palaung customary law, when a women and a man get divorced, women do not have the right to an inheritance, even if she needs to raise children by herself. Source: Palaung Women’s Organisation (PWO). Kuki: By Kuki customary law, when a woman and a man...more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The law stipulates that the partners in marriage and civil unions have equal rights to own and inherit property, but men commonly inherited family property and only 8 percent of women owned land...In rare cases Kosovo-Albanian widows, particularly in rural areas, risked losing custody of their children due to a custom requiring children and property to pass to the deceased father’s family while the widow returned to her birth family" (para 121)
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:01 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Lack of access to civil documentation such as tazkera (national IDs) and marriage certificates is a major, but hidden, reason for difficulties in gaining access to justice. Without tazkera and a marriage certificate, women cannot legally claim inheritance or assert their rights in divorce cases" (para 6).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"Women have been historically disadvantaged, particularly in the application of Islamic law in matters such as divorce, education, inheritance, and providing legal testimony, including on rape" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Traditions of sharia also significantly disadvantage women in family, property, and inheritance law and in the judicial system generally. For example, a non-Muslim wife does not have the automatic right to inherit from her Muslim husband. She receives an inheritance only if her husband wills her a portion of his estate, and even then she is eligible to receive only one-third of the total estate" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The law also grants widows complete access and authority to the estate of their deceased husbands; however, traditional attitudes stigmatizing and shunning widows persisted, and communities often ignored the law, while the government did not take sufficient measures to enforce it" (30-31).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"A tradition known as “the customary third” provides the wife with the right to only one-third of a couple’s joint holdings upon dissolution of the marriage, and families occasionally observed the tradition" (17-18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits discrimination in marriage and inheritance, although varying degrees of cultural-based discrimination against women persisted, with greater discrimination practiced by some ethnic minority groups in remote areas" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The media reported that, on March 14, the Supreme Court upheld a prior sharia law ruling from 2013 rejecting civil law provisions in an estate case. The court ruled that the deceased individual’s sister-in-law, under sharia law in Thrace, could claim part of her brother’s real estate property even though he had named his wife as full beneficiary in his public will and testament filed in a civil court" (22).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee . . . notes with concern the disproportionately adverse impact on rural women of the Land Code (2000), under which the application of customary law to land acquisition through succession, as well as to the administration of property, is recognized, thereby limiting women’s access to economic resources and financial credit" (page 11-12).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"The contradictions between the provisions of the Magna Carta of Women and those of the Code of Muslim Personal Laws and customary laws applicable to Muslim and indigenous communities, which provide for unequal relations between husband and wife, including harmful practices such as polygamy and child and forced marriage, as well as unequal practices with respect to inheritance" (page 15).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

“[There is the] prevalence of son preference in families and within society and the attribution of a subordinate status to women vis-à-vis men, as reflected and perpetuated by a...strong societal pressure on women to refuse inheritance to the benefit of male family members” (4)
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee . . . is also concerned that discriminatory customary laws and practices persist with regard to marriage and family relations, including concerning inheritance by widows and daughters and property ownership. . . The Committee notes with appreciation that the State party has ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention, but is concerned that its views concerning communication No. 48/2013, adopted under article 7 (3) of the Optional Protocol at its sixtieth session, in March 2015, regarding discriminatory customary inheritance laws in the State party, have not been implemented and that the State party has provided no information on action taken in the light of those views and recommendations,...more
May 30, 2018, 8:31 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

Concerning Afghanistan: "Widows cannot work, like most women in traditional areas, and any inheritance or property would go to her husband’s brothers, not to his widow or children."
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that only a small percentage of women in the State party (8 per cent) own land, that Law No. 33/2012, which provides for joint ownership by both spouses of property acquired during marriage, is not being implemented effectively and that women are frequently discriminated against in matters of inheritance" (Pg 11).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the challenges in its implementation, including the 18 year minimum age of marriage for women and men" (13).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The findings state that despite a high level of awareness regarding inheritance rights, women prefer not to invoke them in the face of socio-cultural barriers" (109).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts towards poverty eradication in rural areas, including increasing the old age pension for persons aged 60 and above. It is concerned, however, at women’s limited access to land and the lack of information on rural women’s access to microfinance and microcredit schemes. The Committee is particularly concerned at reports of land grabbing by relatives of deceased spouses and the impact on women in rural areas. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To adopt specific measures aimed at facilitating women’s access to land, in particular in rural areas; (b) To collect information on and promote rural women’s access to microfinance and microcredit...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: WAM-PRACTICE-1, WAM-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, PW-PRACTICE-3, POLY-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to improve the living conditions of rural women, but remains concerned about: (a) Rural women’s limited access to land owing to legal and sociocultural barriers with regard to their right to inheritance and limited access to decision-making processes concerning the use of land; (b) Land grabbing by huge agricultural companies from local farmers who are the traditional users, which contributes to the increase in poverty of rural women; (c) Rural women’s limited access to adequate health care, education, public transportation, food, water and sanitation, income-generating opportunities and social protection; (d) Barriers faced by rural women in gaining access to microcredit....more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"It is, however, concerned at the persistence of deeply rooted gender stereotypes, in addition to practices that are harmful to women, such as female genital mutilation, forced marriages, child marriages, polygamy or succession rites relating to widowhood, including levirate and sororate" (7).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] remains concerned, however, about…the prevalence of discriminatory practices that prevent rural women from inheriting or acquiring ownership of agricultural land and other property" (15).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2011, with a view to preventing women from being exploited in times of hardship and grief, the Office of the Chief Qadi issued a circular intended to eliminate certain social attitudes, customs and traditions that pressure women to sign over their inheritances to their brothers" (71).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1

"The persistent discrimination against women and girls in inheritance law, both as daughters and as widows" (Pg 17).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"When a wife dies, the husband inherits her belongings, but when the husband dies, his wife does not inherit his belongings" (15).
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, WR-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Activist, firebrand and feminist are just a few of the terms used to describe Priscilla Misihairabwi-Mushonga, a former opposition MP and cabinet minister in Zimbabwe. No one would call her a pushover. Yet despite her connections and some of the country’s finest lawyers arguing her case, after her husband’s death she was forced empty-handed out of her matrimonial home of 13 years. Before Ms Misihairabwi-Mushonga was widowed she and her late husband owned three houses, including one in the leafy suburb of Mt Pleasant in the north of Harare. They shared bank accounts and owned several cars. Some of this was left to her in a will. Yet after her...more
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"It is not only the government that grabs other people’s stuff in Zimbabwe. In-laws do it, too. Tens of thousands of widows are stripped of their property after the death of their husbands. A report released this week by Human Rights Watch (HRW), an outfit based in New York, documents numerous cases of Zimbabwean widows losing their homes, the land that they had tended for years and even the fruit growing on their trees" (para 3). "The dispossession of old women continues despite laws that, on paper, protect them from predatory in-laws . This is thanks to two quirks in Zimbabwe’s legal system. The first is a hangover from a...more
Dec. 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IAW-PRACTICE-1

"The Egyptian parliament passed a new Inheritance law Dec. 5 giving women their legitimate right to inheritance after the majority had been deprived of it, especially in Upper Egypt where cultural norms and traditions are ingrained with sexism" (para 1). "NCW Director Maya Morsi told Al-Monitor, 'We reached 1.2 million women in rural and underprivileged areas in our 'Tareq al-abwab' ['door knockin'] campaign to familiarize women depriced of inheritance of their rights.' The gampaign aims at reaching out to women in villages and remote areas in Egypt's governantes, especially in Upper Egypt, to raise awareness of their rights and help them improve their economic and social conditions" (para 4-5). "'the...more