The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-1

July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The government generally did not restrict the free movement of male citizens within the country, but it severely restricted the movement of female citizens. While the guardianship system does not require a woman to have the permission of her male guardian (normally a father, husband, son, brother, grandfather, uncle, or other male relative) to move freely within the country, courts sometimes ruled that women should abide by a male guardian’s request to stay at home by 'occasionally upholding a guardian’s right to obedience from his female dependents,' according to an HRW report" (30). "On April 18, King Salman issued a royal decree ordering all government agencies to review their guardianship...more
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Additionally, the law allows certain male relatives to place travel bans on women...ISIS reportedly did not permit female passengers to traverse territory it controlled unless accompanied by a close male relative" (Pg 37). "Women over age 18 have the legal right to travel without the permission of male relatives, but a husband may file a request with the Interior Ministry to prohibit his wife from departing the country" (Pg 38). "In areas under its control, ISIS published a 'Civilization Document' with 16 points that a woman must follow or face the death penalty. They included staying at home and not leaving it without an immediate male relative (mahram); wearing a...more
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, NGOFW-PRACTICE-1

"In November the HRA reported that women in the southeast were disproportionately affected by the state of emergency and cited restrictions on freedom of movement, the shuttering of women’s NGOs by emergency decree, and the impact of the arrest and removal of female DBP/HDP elected representatives" (page 25).
July 13, 2019, 12:03 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Public order laws and personal laws imposed since 1991 have prevented women from… walking on streets as they want, while stipulating restrictive rules like ‘male guardianship’ and ‘wife obedience’" (1).
July 4, 2019, 9:20 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"A series of recent decisions by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, the country’s young, de facto ruler, could revolutionize the lives of Saudi women. ...They [women] will soon be allowed to attend soccer matches at public stadiums...In June, they will be allowed to drive cars, even motorcycles, the government says" (para 2). "In recent decades, the government has built many women’s universities, and enrollment has soared" (para 14). Men and women are separated in higher education (HGM - CODER COMMENT). "Last year, [Prince Mohammed] removed from the kingdom’s religious police the power to arrest and pursue subjects. They once had tremendous power to police public behavior, focusing on imposing modest...more
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-1

"The law provides criminal penalties for sexual harassment ranging from a fine to a maximum of three years’ imprisonment. The law prohibits sexual advances that affect a person’s dignity or create an unpleasant, hostile, degrading, or humiliating environment in a workplace or educational institution" (p. 28).
June 25, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law requires segregation by gender of classes at all universities and secondary schools, although it was not always enforced" (p. 22).
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The CPVPV monitored and regulated public interaction between members of the opposite sex. In November, CPVPV officials raided a meeting of the Taif literary club on suspicion that the meeting was not gender segregated" (Pg 16). "The government prohibited women from driving motor vehicles by refusing to issue them licenses. On September 13, authorities reportedly detained a woman for driving and released her after seizing her car" (Pg 26). "Widespread societal exclusion enforced by, but not limited to, state institutions restricted women from using many public facilities. The law requires women usually to sit in separate, specially designated family sections. They frequently cannot consume food in restaurants that do not...more
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"A particularly glaring example is the Shia Personal Status Law, signed by President Karzai in 2009, which includes provisions that strip Shia Afghan women of the women's rights enshrined in Afghanistan's constitution. The law gives a husband the right to withdraw basic maintenance from his wife, including food, if she refuses to obey his sexual demands. It grants guardianship of children exclusively to their fathers and grandfathers. It requires women to get permission from their husbands to work. It also effectively allows a rapist to avoid prosecution by paying 'blood money' to a girl who was injured because of the rape" (6).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by law, the practice of buying and selling brides also continued in rural areas. Many tribes, communities, or families practiced sequestering women from all contact with men other than their relatives. Despite prohibitions on handing over women as compensation for crimes or as a resolution of a dispute (also known as 'vani; or 'swara'), the practice continued in Punjab and KP. In rural Sindh landowning families continued the practice of 'marriage to the Koran,' forcing a female family member to stay unmarried to avoid division of property. Property of women married to the Koran remained under the legal control of their fathers or eldest brothers, and such women...more
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Women may be charged with moral crimes, like khilwa (which means mixing with unrelated members of the opposite sex) or with fleeing from their homes" (25).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In the 12 states that adopted sharia, sharia and social norms affected women to varying degrees. In Zamfara State local governments enforced laws requiring the separation of Muslim men and women in transportation and health care. In 2013 the Kano State government issued a statement declaring that men and women must remain separate while using public transportation" (Pg 36).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law requires women to have the permission of a male guardian, such as a husband, before applying for a passport or leaving the country. A husband or male relative may bar a woman from leaving the country by placing a woman’s name on a 'no-fly list' maintained at airports, and prior to the conflict, authorities strictly enforced this requirement when women traveled with children" (26). "Women cannot marry without permission of their male guardians; do not have equal rights in inheritance, divorce, or child custody; and have little legal protection" (38).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Pursuant to Article 148(1) of the Constitution, all persons continue to have the right to move freely in Guyana and to reside in any part of the country. There is no distinction on the basis of sex" (40).
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Hamas enforced a conservative interpretation of Islam in Gaza that discriminated against women. Authorities generally prohibited public mixing of the sexes. Plainclothes officers routinely stopped, separated, and questioned couples to determine if they were married" (105).
April 18, 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights" (p. 9).
April 17, 2019, 9:19 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation. The government generally respected these rights, although in many areas the government could not provide freedom of movement due to criminal gang activity" (p. 18).
April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights" (p. 16).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation" (24). "The government may bar citizens from leaving the country based on security considerations, due to unpaid debts, or in cases in which a Jewish man refuses to grant his wife a Jewish legal writ of divorce" (24).
April 5, 2019, 6:49 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights" (p. 15).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"A woman’s husband, or male relative in a husband’s absence, may request that the government prohibit his wife’s travel abroad" (para 198).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"According to article 21 of the Constitution, everyone lawfully within the territory of Kazakhstan has the right to freedom of movement within that territory and free choice of place of residence, except in cases specified by law, and also everyone has the right to leave Kazakhstan. Citizens of Kazakhstan have the right freely to return to Kazakhstan" (41).
March 7, 2019, 1:47 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights" (p. 9).
Feb. 25, 2019, 7 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Other recent reforms in the kingdom include women being allowed to attend football matches" (para 12).
Jan. 5, 2019, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"On 26 September 2017, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud issued an order to lift the ban on women driving, which was announced by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs" (para 32). "Lifting the ban is an important step, but the sex discriminatory male guardianship system remains in full effect. For example, women are still unable to travel without male permission, apply for a passport, or choose when and whom to marry" (para 33).
Jan. 5, 2019, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"On 26 September 2017, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud issued an order to lift the ban on women driving, which was announced by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs" (para 32). "Lifting the ban is an important step, but the sex discriminatory male guardianship system remains in full effect. For example, women are still unable to travel without male permission, apply for a passport, or choose when and whom to marry" (para 33).
Jan. 3, 2019, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world where women are prohibited from driving and are unable to obtain a driving licence" (para 8). "[Saudi Arabia] also has a law stating that all women must have a male guardian, typically a husband, father or brother, who gives them permission to study, travel abroad or marry" (para 9). "However, the reforms have already been attacked by the country’s religious authority, Grand Mufti Sheikh Abdulaziz Al al-Sheikh, who said legalising cinemas and concerts could lead to the 'mixing of sexes' and 'atheistic or rotten' influences" (para 14).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-1

"The observatory claimed that women were prevented from traveling if suspected of prostitution, often based on appearance alone" (page 17).
Dec. 9, 2018, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Crown Prince's 'Vision 2030'-plan seeks to modernise Saudi Arabia, preparing it for a 'post-oil era'. As part of this, Saudi Arabia is now allowing women to drive, attend football games and take on jobs that once fell outside the narrow confines of traditional gender roles" (para. 7 - 8). "Women must have permission from a male relative to work, travel, marry, and even get some medical treatment" (para. 13).
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-2

"Iran's prosecutor general said today that women would not be allowed to watch live football matches inside stadiums again, because seeing the players will 'lead to sin'" (para 1).