The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-1

Dec. 9, 2018, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Crown Prince's 'Vision 2030'-plan seeks to modernise Saudi Arabia, preparing it for a 'post-oil era'. As part of this, Saudi Arabia is now allowing women to drive, attend football games and take on jobs that once fell outside the narrow confines of traditional gender roles" (para. 7 - 8). "Women must have permission from a male relative to work, travel, marry, and even get some medical treatment" (para. 13).
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-2

"Iran's prosecutor general said today that women would not be allowed to watch live football matches inside stadiums again, because seeing the players will 'lead to sin'" (para 1).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits the wearing of a full-face veil (niqab) in public places. Authorities may punish persons who discriminate on the basis of ethnic origin with a fine of up to 137.50 euros ($165) and a jail sentence of up to seven days" (11). "Restrictions on Islamic clothing in public and private sector employment, schools, and public spaces affected Muslim women in particular" (12).
Nov. 7, 2018, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Because of the kingdom’s desert traditions and strict interpretation of Islam, women in Saudi Arabia must cover their hair and bodies in public, and are barred from driving and from traveling abroad and undergoing some medical treatments without the permission of a male guardian — usually a father, husband or even a son" (para. 5).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In October imprisoned cartoonist and activist Atena Farghadani stated to AI that authorities forced her to undergo a virginity test after being charged with 'non-adultery illegitimate relations' for shaking hands with her male lawyer. Farghadani was serving a 12-year sentence for 'spreading propaganda,' 'insulting members of parliament,' and 'insulting the supreme leader.' She went on a hunger strike to protest abuse by prison officials" (para 23). "In October the government banned actress Sadaf Taherian from returning to the country after she posted photos on her social media account that showed her not wearing the 'hejab' (headscarf), which is mandatory in the country for all women appearing in public. Authorities briefly...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Under the sharia court system in Aceh, 19 district religious courts and one court of appeals, heard cases. In the past the courts heard only cases involving Muslims and used decrees formulated by the local government rather than the penal code. A new sharia criminal code (Qanun) that passed in 2014 took effect in October and appears to extend sharia law to non-Muslims in certain cases. Under the new criminal code, offenses including homosexuality, gambling, consumption of alcohol, and proximity to the opposite sex outside of marriage are punishable with caning, fines, and imprisonment (see section 6). Local authorities maintained that the new code does not apply to non-Muslims but...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The new law allowing women to drive removes a lightning rod for critics and allies who have long derided the Saudis, a bastion of conservative Islamic orthodoxy, for following a repressive practice embraced by groups like the Taliban and the Islamic State" (para 7). "The rulers have announced that Saudi women will not need a guardian to apply for driver’s education or receive a driver’s license. But that is one of the rare exceptions where men have no role over women’s lives" (para 11). "Last year, a royal decree commanded government agencies to allow women access to many services without their guardians — and to list those services to thwart...more
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Freedom of residence and movement is guaranteed under the Basic Law of the State (Constitution). There are no restrictions on a woman’s ability to move. A woman has the right to choose her residence and to move within the limits of the law under the Basic Law of the State...The right to choose one’s residence and to move are guaranteed by the Basic Law of the State. There are no restrictions or impediments that limit a woman’s ability to choose her residence and domicile. The Personal Status Law does require a woman to live with her husband in the residence which he designates for her. A woman may include conditions...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The practice is called chhaupadi (pronounced CHOW-pa-dee), from Nepali words that mean someone who bears an impurity, and it has been going on for hundreds of years. But now, the Nepali government and advocates for women are trying to end it. Starting in August, for the first time, it will be a crime to force a menstruating woman into seclusion, punishable by up to three months in jail, though it’s not clear if that’s going to make a dent in the tradition" (para. 6). "In some villages, menstruating women are sent to cow sheds. Women who just gave birth are also considered polluted, and many remain isolated with their newborns...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 8:11 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Prince Mohammed has loosened social restrictions, scaling back the role of religious police and permitting public concerts. The government has announced plans to allow women to drive this year, and said women no longer need the consent of a male relative to open their own businesses, a step away from the kingdom's guardianship system" (para. 17 - 18).
Sept. 12, 2018, 5:09 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Women were last legally allowed inside the Azadi on October 5, 1981, to watch the Tehran derby before being banned as part of sweeping reforms following the Islamic Revolution" After it, they weren´t allowed in the stadium until 20/06/2018 (JSM - Coder comment) (Par. 5 ). "Despite being allowed inside the stadium, many restrictions remain on women in Iran, such as having to cover their heads" (par. 23). "Earlier this year (2018) women were allowed into basketball matches at the Azadi sports complex" (par. 26).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned: . . . (b) That local requirements that women and girls receive permits before travelling place undue restrictions on their movement, which poses significant obstacles for women and girls in gaining access to education, health care and emergency medical care and other basic services . . . (f) That women and girls are vulnerable to trafficking and smuggling owing to a lack of basic services and undue restrictions on their movement" (page 14).
July 2, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The sexual harassment draft law, passed on Tuesday, comes less than a month before Saudi Arabia lifts its decades-long ban on women driving" (3). "In 2016, she delivered a petition signed by thousands to the royal court calling for an end to guardianship laws that give male relatives final say over a woman's ability to marry or travel abroad" (35).
June 5, 2018, 8:34 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Saudi Arabia recently opened its first cinema, is going to allow women to drive and held the first cycling competition in which women participated. To develop its performing arts sector, the kingdom invited Abdel Baqi, the founder of Masrah Masr theater troupe, to work in the country. Performances by Masrah Masr (Egypt Theater) were broadcast on the Saudi MBC TV network" (Para 2).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Under section 21 of the Constitution — Freedom of movement and residence: 21-(1) Every person has the right to freedom of movement" (40).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Constitution and the law guarantee freedom of movement and choice of domicile and residence equally to men and women. Kuwaiti laws place no restriction on a person’s movement due to that person’s sex, especially after the ruling of the Constitutional Court in appeal no 56 (2008) — which acknowledged a woman’s right to freedom of movement by annulling article 15 of Act no. 11 (1962), on passports, as amended by Act no. 105 (1994), which required the approval of the husband for a wife to be granted a separate passport — and the judicial provisions adopted which permit a woman to renew her official papers without her husband’s approval....more
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"His father, King Salman, in September approved the end of a decades-long ban on driving, which goes into effect in June" (para 6).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The aforesaid principles [of guardianship, custodianship and trusteeship] have no bearing on the issue of women driving cars, which is purely a social issue, inasmuch as the right to freedom of movement is guaranteed for all under the laws of the kingdom” (29-30). “The Kingdom has also established the rights of its citizens to enjoy freedom of movement equally with others. Accordingly citizens and residents of Saudi Arabia are guaranteed the right of freedom of movement in Saudi Arabia and abroad and to choose their place of residence under the laws of the Kingdom” (49).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Freedom of movement is of course guaranteed to everyone by the Constitution, but in practice, because the Government of Niger has entered a reservation to article 15(4), its position with respect to gender equality in the movement of persons and freedom to choose one’s residence and domicile remains as first stated" (pg 28).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Amended Basic Law guarantees freedom of residence and movement to both men and women. No Palestinian may be forced to leave the homeland or prevented from returning to it or leaving it. Other laws in force do not contain any provisions restricting the right of a woman to travel or choose her place of residence" (64). "Women have the same freedom of movement and travel as a man. A wife or daughter has the right to obtain a passport without the approval of the husband or father. As long as a woman is over 18 years of age, there is no legal basis for a man to prevent his...more
Jan. 19, 2018, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"[women] cannot drive" (para 6).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including…a law on sexual harassment to defend human dignity, freedom and privacy and to promote equality between men and women" (14). "In January 2011, the High Court of Justice ruled that gender segregation was unlawful but at the same time the Court ruling allowed the continuation of gender separation in public buses on a strictly 'voluntary basis', on the pretext of respecting multiculturalism and the right of people to practice their religious norms as they see appropriate. Justice Elyakim Rubinstein held that long with the desire to ensure that the seating arrangements on the buses would...more
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:09 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"During this time period, ultraconservative interpretations of Islamic law meant women faced heavy restrictions on their freedoms...They could not appear in public without a male blood relative and were generally banished from public settings, to be neither seen nor heard lest they be punished" (para 6). The time period referred to is when the Taliban controlled Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings and established the necessity of a minimum age and mutual consent in marriage, as well as codifying women’s rights to work, move, open bank accounts, and start businesses" (para 3).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, IIP-LAW-1

"Within five years of Ethiopia removing the stipulation that husbands could stop their wives from working, women’s labor force participation increased and women were more likely to work in higher-skilled jobs" (para 10).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Egypt, Jordan, Libya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"In Egypt, Jordan, and Libya, for example, women need the permission of their husbands or fathers to work" (para 7).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"until Saudi women can work, travel, file legal claims, and otherwise engage in public life without permission from their male guardians — their father or husband, sometimes even their son —the country won’t realize the economic potential of half its population" (para 3).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:23 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"And so, amid broader political and economic upheaval — from multi-billion dollar mega projects to an anti-corruption purge that detained many of the country’s most prominent officials — Saudi Arabia’s bid to modernize its economy included the unexpected step of permitting women to drive" (para 2).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"In Iran where there is a religious government in place, the authorities easily justify this type of [political] violence. Examples demonstrating this assertion include the ‘promotion of virtue and prevention of vice’, an Islamic concept to promote a religious way of life, personal preferences in implementation of laws, an emphasis on the domestic role of women and gender–based segregation" (para 11).
Nov. 7, 2017, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The kingdom enforces a pervasive segregation of the sexes. It is the only country in the world that upholds a ban on women’s driving. And the country’s male guardianship system renders women perpetual minors, who need permission from a father, brother or even a son to travel, study, marry or gain access to government services. (A recent government order promises to relax such rules, but whether it is enforced effectively remains to be seen)" (para 11). "'Most young Saudi women who are imprisoned [in Riyadh],' explained Hala al-Dosari, a women’s-rights campaigner, 'are sentenced for morality-related charges such as being caught in the company of an unrelated male, being accused of...more