The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-1

Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Amended Basic Law guarantees freedom of residence and movement to both men and women. No Palestinian may be forced to leave the homeland or prevented from returning to it or leaving it. Other laws in force do not contain any provisions restricting the right of a woman to travel or choose her place of residence" (64). "Women have the same freedom of movement and travel as a man. A wife or daughter has the right to obtain a passport without the approval of the husband or father. As long as a woman is over 18 years of age, there is no legal basis for a man to prevent his ...more
Jan. 19, 2018, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"[women] cannot drive" (para 6).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including…a law on sexual harassment to defend human dignity, freedom and privacy and to promote equality between men and women" (14). "In January 2011, the High Court of Justice ruled that gender segregation was unlawful but at the same time the Court ruling allowed the continuation of gender separation in public buses on a strictly 'voluntary basis', on the pretext of respecting multiculturalism and the right of people to practice their religious norms as they see appropriate. Justice Elyakim Rubinstein held that long with the desire to ensure that the seating arrangements on the buses would ...more
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:09 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"During this time period, ultraconservative interpretations of Islamic law meant women faced heavy restrictions on their freedoms...They could not appear in public without a male blood relative and were generally banished from public settings, to be neither seen nor heard lest they be punished" (para 6). The time period referred to is when the Taliban controlled Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings and established the necessity of a minimum age and mutual consent in marriage, as well as codifying women’s rights to work, move, open bank accounts, and start businesses" (para 3).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, IIP-LAW-1

"Within five years of Ethiopia removing the stipulation that husbands could stop their wives from working, women’s labor force participation increased and women were more likely to work in higher-skilled jobs" (para 10).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Egypt, Jordan, Libya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"In Egypt, Jordan, and Libya, for example, women need the permission of their husbands or fathers to work" (para 7).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"until Saudi women can work, travel, file legal claims, and otherwise engage in public life without permission from their male guardians — their father or husband, sometimes even their son —the country won’t realize the economic potential of half its population" (para 3).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:23 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"And so, amid broader political and economic upheaval — from multi-billion dollar mega projects to an anti-corruption purge that detained many of the country’s most prominent officials — Saudi Arabia’s bid to modernize its economy included the unexpected step of permitting women to drive" (para 2).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"In Iran where there is a religious government in place, the authorities easily justify this type of [political] violence. Examples demonstrating this assertion include the ‘promotion of virtue and prevention of vice’, an Islamic concept to promote a religious way of life, personal preferences in implementation of laws, an emphasis on the domestic role of women and gender–based segregation" (para 11).
Nov. 7, 2017, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The kingdom enforces a pervasive segregation of the sexes. It is the only country in the world that upholds a ban on women’s driving. And the country’s male guardianship system renders women perpetual minors, who need permission from a father, brother or even a son to travel, study, marry or gain access to government services. (A recent government order promises to relax such rules, but whether it is enforced effectively remains to be seen)" (para 11). "'Most young Saudi women who are imprisoned [in Riyadh],' explained Hala al-Dosari, a women’s-rights campaigner, 'are sentenced for morality-related charges such as being caught in the company of an unrelated male, being accused of ...more
Nov. 1, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Saudi Arabia will allow women into three sports stadiums for the first time from next year, authorities have revealed" (para 1). "Saudi Arabia has long barred women from sports arenas by strict rules on segregation of the sexes in public. The announcement [that women will be allowed to go to sporting events] is in line with powerful Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's ambitious reform drive shaking up the kingdom, including the decision to allow women to drive from next June" (para 3-4). "Last month authorities allowed hundreds of women to throng a sports stadium in Riyadh, used mostly for football matches, for the first time to mark Saudi Arabia's national ...more
Sept. 27, 2017, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Eight women have been arrested in Iran for dressing up as men so they could watch a football match. Islamic law in the country bans women from attending live matches when men are present and the group were detained at Tehran's Azadi Stadium" (para 1-2). "He told Memri: 'The ban is aimed at preserving their honor, because the stadium's atmosphere, commotion, and crowds are no place for them. 'Women who wish to watch the match can do so on TV, which broadcasts the games and gives everyone a way to watch them live'" (para 5-6). "As well as banning women from football stadiums, Iran's strict laws extend to prohibiting women ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, CUST-LAW-1

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office"(para 17)
Aug. 21, 2017, 8:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Places of worship that deny or restrict women’s entry undermine the fight for gender equality and have no constitutional right to do so, the Indian supreme court said, in the latest boost for women demanding equal access to temples, mosques and other holy sites" (para 1). “The country’s highest court told the board that manages the popular Sabarimala Ayyappa Hindu temple, in the southern state of Kerala, to explain why it bans women. ‘What right does the temple have to forbid women from entering any part of the temple? Can you deny a woman her right to climb Mount Everest? The reasons for banning anything must be common for all,’ ...more
Aug. 3, 2017, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"According to The Times (U.K.), which received a leaked copy of the law last Friday, the law requires women to grant sex to their husbands every fourth night unless they are ill, restricts a woman to the home unless her husband allows her to leave, legalizes child marriage by setting the marriageable age at first menstruation, and grants child custody rights to fathers and grandfathers before mothers" (para 3)
July 17, 2017, 8:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

¨Public pressure seems to be working. The Bombay high court on March 30 asked the state government of Maharashtra to ensure that women are not denied entry to any temple. Hearing a public interest litigation challenging the prohibition on women’s entry to the Shani Shingnapur temple, the division bench ordered that: ´You have to ensure their access. Provisions in law already allow this. Nothing prevents women from entering. Police and collector will have to act against those preventing their entry.´ It added that if men were granted entry to a place of worship, women should enjoy access too.Activists had sought implementation of the Maharashtra Hindu Places of Public Worship (entry ...more
June 21, 2017, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In Saudi Arabia, women are forbidden to drive" (p 3)
June 21, 2017, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In May 2011, I drove a car on Saudi roads, with my brother beside me and my sister-in-law, her baby and my son, Aboudi, in the back seat. In Saudi Arabia, women are forbidden to drive. I was arrested and spent nine days in prison. At the time, I was a working, divorced mother. As a result of my protest, I was threatened — imams wanted me to be publicly lashed — and monitored and harassed. I was pushed out of my job. After that, I had to move from my home. Without a safe place to work or live, with other Saudis calling for my death, I had no ...more
June 12, 2017, 12:19 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The system of male guardianship, which requires women to obtain permission from a father, husband, or son to travel, study or marry is an impediment to realising women's rights, say rights groups" (p 11)
June 7, 2017, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The goal for us female drivers is to show that we can drive, and in addition encourage women to take charge of the few opportunities they have" (1). This is a teenage Afghani girl at 2:43 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
April 24, 2017, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Jewish women sing songs of worship as they march arm in arm with male supporters through an ultra-Orthodox area of Jerusalem's Old City. They're from a group called Women of the Wall, which lobbies for women to be allowed to pray, sing and read the Bible aloud at the Western Wall, the most important site for Jewish prayer. They hold these marches about once a month, and they often get heckled. Today is no different" (1, 2)
April 21, 2017, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

“Women are legally required to obtain permission from their husbands to travel” (482).
Feb. 23, 2017, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"The proposal also calls for a beating if a woman does not wear a hijab, if she interacts with strangers, speaks too loudly or gives others cash without her husband's permission, according to the newspaper" (para 6).
Jan. 30, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Yemeni women need the permission of their husbands or guardians to travel" (para 5).
Jan. 30, 2017, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Lujain Al-Hathlol, a Saudi activist, was arrested Monday night at the Saudi border after she arrived driving from the United Arab Emirates, in defiance of a ban on women driving in Saudi Arabia" (para 3). "Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world where women are not allowed to drive. The ban was reinforced with a fatwa, or religious ruling, in 1991, as Human Rights Watch reported" (para 15). "Women are effectively rendered legal minors in Saudi Arabia. She states that the restrictions on women’s rights in Saudi Arabia have existed for decades and authorities enforce the guardianship system through policies and practice. Under the strict male guardianship system, ...more
Jan. 30, 2017, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"This law is well-known to many: in Saudi Arabia, the Fatwa on Women's Driving of Automobiles prohibits women from driving and from obtaining a driver's license" (para 19).
Jan. 30, 2017, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Yemen
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"A man in Afghanistan can legally restrict his wife's right to leave the house. The same is true in Yemen, where a wife's movements outside the marital home can be restricted by her other half" (para 15).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Thousands of Saudis have signed an online petition calling for the government to abolish the country’s guardianship system, which prevents women from engaging in fundamental tasks without the permission of a male relative. 'Women should be treated as a full citizen,' said activist Aziza Al-Yousef who, along with other activists, has been fighting against the guardianship system for a decade" (para 1-2). "Under Saudi law, women require the permission of a male guardian to travel, marry, or exit prison and it may be needed to be granted employment or access to healthcare. A guardian is typically a woman’s father or her husband if she is married; a widow may have ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Women legally remain dependents here: They require permission of a male guardian — a father, husband, or son — to travel and study. They can’t drive. But as they have started working, they have gained a newfound independence from the simple fact of having an income. It’s such financial power that could prove a game-changer for women’s rights in the kingdom" (para 5). "Men may retain many legal rights over women, but their power at home could erode with time" (para 19).