The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-1

June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In the 12 states that adopted sharia, sharia and social norms affected women to varying degrees. In Zamfara State local governments enforced laws requiring the separation of Muslim men and women in transportation and health care. In 2013 the Kano State government issued a statement declaring that men and women must remain separate while using public transportation" (Pg 36).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law requires women to have the permission of a male guardian, such as a husband, before applying for a passport or leaving the country. A husband or male relative may bar a woman from leaving the country by placing a woman’s name on a 'no-fly list' maintained at airports, and prior to the conflict, authorities strictly enforced this requirement when women traveled with children" (26). "Women cannot marry without permission of their male guardians; do not have equal rights in inheritance, divorce, or child custody; and have little legal protection" (38).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Pursuant to Article 148(1) of the Constitution, all persons continue to have the right to move freely in Guyana and to reside in any part of the country. There is no distinction on the basis of sex" (40).
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Hamas enforced a conservative interpretation of Islam in Gaza that discriminated against women. Authorities generally prohibited public mixing of the sexes. Plainclothes officers routinely stopped, separated, and questioned couples to determine if they were married" (105).
April 18, 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights" (p. 9).
April 17, 2019, 9:19 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation. The government generally respected these rights, although in many areas the government could not provide freedom of movement due to criminal gang activity" (p. 18).
April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights" (p. 16).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation" (24). "The government may bar citizens from leaving the country based on security considerations, due to unpaid debts, or in cases in which a Jewish man refuses to grant his wife a Jewish legal writ of divorce" (24).
April 5, 2019, 6:49 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The constitution and law provide for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights" (p. 15).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"A woman’s husband, or male relative in a husband’s absence, may request that the government prohibit his wife’s travel abroad" (para 198).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"According to article 21 of the Constitution, everyone lawfully within the territory of Kazakhstan has the right to freedom of movement within that territory and free choice of place of residence, except in cases specified by law, and also everyone has the right to leave Kazakhstan. Citizens of Kazakhstan have the right freely to return to Kazakhstan" (41).
March 7, 2019, 1:47 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights" (p. 9).
Feb. 25, 2019, 7 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Other recent reforms in the kingdom include women being allowed to attend football matches" (para 12).
Jan. 5, 2019, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"On 26 September 2017, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud issued an order to lift the ban on women driving, which was announced by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs" (para 32). "Lifting the ban is an important step, but the sex discriminatory male guardianship system remains in full effect. For example, women are still unable to travel without male permission, apply for a passport, or choose when and whom to marry" (para 33).
Jan. 5, 2019, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"On 26 September 2017, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud issued an order to lift the ban on women driving, which was announced by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs" (para 32). "Lifting the ban is an important step, but the sex discriminatory male guardianship system remains in full effect. For example, women are still unable to travel without male permission, apply for a passport, or choose when and whom to marry" (para 33).
Jan. 3, 2019, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world where women are prohibited from driving and are unable to obtain a driving licence" (para 8). "[Saudi Arabia] also has a law stating that all women must have a male guardian, typically a husband, father or brother, who gives them permission to study, travel abroad or marry" (para 9). "However, the reforms have already been attacked by the country’s religious authority, Grand Mufti Sheikh Abdulaziz Al al-Sheikh, who said legalising cinemas and concerts could lead to the 'mixing of sexes' and 'atheistic or rotten' influences" (para 14).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: CLCW-LAW-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-1

"The observatory claimed that women were prevented from traveling if suspected of prostitution, often based on appearance alone" (page 17).
Dec. 9, 2018, 6:51 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Crown Prince's 'Vision 2030'-plan seeks to modernise Saudi Arabia, preparing it for a 'post-oil era'. As part of this, Saudi Arabia is now allowing women to drive, attend football games and take on jobs that once fell outside the narrow confines of traditional gender roles" (para. 7 - 8). "Women must have permission from a male relative to work, travel, marry, and even get some medical treatment" (para. 13).
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-2

"Iran's prosecutor general said today that women would not be allowed to watch live football matches inside stadiums again, because seeing the players will 'lead to sin'" (para 1).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits the wearing of a full-face veil (niqab) in public places. Authorities may punish persons who discriminate on the basis of ethnic origin with a fine of up to 137.50 euros ($165) and a jail sentence of up to seven days" (11). "Restrictions on Islamic clothing in public and private sector employment, schools, and public spaces affected Muslim women in particular" (12).
Nov. 7, 2018, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Because of the kingdom’s desert traditions and strict interpretation of Islam, women in Saudi Arabia must cover their hair and bodies in public, and are barred from driving and from traveling abroad and undergoing some medical treatments without the permission of a male guardian — usually a father, husband or even a son" (para. 5).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In October imprisoned cartoonist and activist Atena Farghadani stated to AI that authorities forced her to undergo a virginity test after being charged with 'non-adultery illegitimate relations' for shaking hands with her male lawyer. Farghadani was serving a 12-year sentence for 'spreading propaganda,' 'insulting members of parliament,' and 'insulting the supreme leader.' She went on a hunger strike to protest abuse by prison officials" (para 23). "In October the government banned actress Sadaf Taherian from returning to the country after she posted photos on her social media account that showed her not wearing the 'hejab' (headscarf), which is mandatory in the country for all women appearing in public. Authorities briefly...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Under the sharia court system in Aceh, 19 district religious courts and one court of appeals, heard cases. In the past the courts heard only cases involving Muslims and used decrees formulated by the local government rather than the penal code. A new sharia criminal code (Qanun) that passed in 2014 took effect in October and appears to extend sharia law to non-Muslims in certain cases. Under the new criminal code, offenses including homosexuality, gambling, consumption of alcohol, and proximity to the opposite sex outside of marriage are punishable with caning, fines, and imprisonment (see section 6). Local authorities maintained that the new code does not apply to non-Muslims but...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The new law allowing women to drive removes a lightning rod for critics and allies who have long derided the Saudis, a bastion of conservative Islamic orthodoxy, for following a repressive practice embraced by groups like the Taliban and the Islamic State" (para 7). "The rulers have announced that Saudi women will not need a guardian to apply for driver’s education or receive a driver’s license. But that is one of the rare exceptions where men have no role over women’s lives" (para 11). "Last year, a royal decree commanded government agencies to allow women access to many services without their guardians — and to list those services to thwart...more
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Freedom of residence and movement is guaranteed under the Basic Law of the State (Constitution). There are no restrictions on a woman’s ability to move. A woman has the right to choose her residence and to move within the limits of the law under the Basic Law of the State...The right to choose one’s residence and to move are guaranteed by the Basic Law of the State. There are no restrictions or impediments that limit a woman’s ability to choose her residence and domicile. The Personal Status Law does require a woman to live with her husband in the residence which he designates for her. A woman may include conditions...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The practice is called chhaupadi (pronounced CHOW-pa-dee), from Nepali words that mean someone who bears an impurity, and it has been going on for hundreds of years. But now, the Nepali government and advocates for women are trying to end it. Starting in August, for the first time, it will be a crime to force a menstruating woman into seclusion, punishable by up to three months in jail, though it’s not clear if that’s going to make a dent in the tradition" (para. 6). "In some villages, menstruating women are sent to cow sheds. Women who just gave birth are also considered polluted, and many remain isolated with their newborns...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 8:11 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Prince Mohammed has loosened social restrictions, scaling back the role of religious police and permitting public concerts. The government has announced plans to allow women to drive this year, and said women no longer need the consent of a male relative to open their own businesses, a step away from the kingdom's guardianship system" (para. 17 - 18).
Sept. 12, 2018, 5:09 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Women were last legally allowed inside the Azadi on October 5, 1981, to watch the Tehran derby before being banned as part of sweeping reforms following the Islamic Revolution" After it, they weren´t allowed in the stadium until 20/06/2018 (JSM - Coder comment) (Par. 5 ). "Despite being allowed inside the stadium, many restrictions remain on women in Iran, such as having to cover their heads" (par. 23). "Earlier this year (2018) women were allowed into basketball matches at the Azadi sports complex" (par. 26).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned: . . . (b) That local requirements that women and girls receive permits before travelling place undue restrictions on their movement, which poses significant obstacles for women and girls in gaining access to education, health care and emergency medical care and other basic services . . . (f) That women and girls are vulnerable to trafficking and smuggling owing to a lack of basic services and undue restrictions on their movement" (page 14).
July 2, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The sexual harassment draft law, passed on Tuesday, comes less than a month before Saudi Arabia lifts its decades-long ban on women driving" (3). "In 2016, she delivered a petition signed by thousands to the royal court calling for an end to guardianship laws that give male relatives final say over a woman's ability to marry or travel abroad" (35).