The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-1

July 2, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The sexual harassment draft law, passed on Tuesday, comes less than a month before Saudi Arabia lifts its decades-long ban on women driving" (3). "In 2016, she delivered a petition signed by thousands to the royal court calling for an end to guardianship laws that give male relatives final say over a woman's ability to marry or travel abroad" (35).
June 5, 2018, 8:34 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Saudi Arabia recently opened its first cinema, is going to allow women to drive and held the first cycling competition in which women participated. To develop its performing arts sector, the kingdom invited Abdel Baqi, the founder of Masrah Masr theater troupe, to work in the country. Performances by Masrah Masr (Egypt Theater) were broadcast on the Saudi MBC TV network" (Para 2).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Under section 21 of the Constitution — Freedom of movement and residence: 21-(1) Every person has the right to freedom of movement" (40).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Constitution and the law guarantee freedom of movement and choice of domicile and residence equally to men and women. Kuwaiti laws place no restriction on a person’s movement due to that person’s sex, especially after the ruling of the Constitutional Court in appeal no 56 (2008) — which acknowledged a woman’s right to freedom of movement by annulling article 15 of Act no. 11 (1962), on passports, as amended by Act no. 105 (1994), which required the approval of the husband for a wife to be granted a separate passport — and the judicial provisions adopted which permit a woman to renew her official papers without her husband’s approval....more
March 13, 2018, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"His father, King Salman, in September approved the end of a decades-long ban on driving, which goes into effect in June" (para 6).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The aforesaid principles [of guardianship, custodianship and trusteeship] have no bearing on the issue of women driving cars, which is purely a social issue, inasmuch as the right to freedom of movement is guaranteed for all under the laws of the kingdom” (29-30). “The Kingdom has also established the rights of its citizens to enjoy freedom of movement equally with others. Accordingly citizens and residents of Saudi Arabia are guaranteed the right of freedom of movement in Saudi Arabia and abroad and to choose their place of residence under the laws of the Kingdom” (49).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Freedom of movement is of course guaranteed to everyone by the Constitution, but in practice, because the Government of Niger has entered a reservation to article 15(4), its position with respect to gender equality in the movement of persons and freedom to choose one’s residence and domicile remains as first stated" (pg 28).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Amended Basic Law guarantees freedom of residence and movement to both men and women. No Palestinian may be forced to leave the homeland or prevented from returning to it or leaving it. Other laws in force do not contain any provisions restricting the right of a woman to travel or choose her place of residence" (64). "Women have the same freedom of movement and travel as a man. A wife or daughter has the right to obtain a passport without the approval of the husband or father. As long as a woman is over 18 years of age, there is no legal basis for a man to prevent his...more
Jan. 19, 2018, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"[women] cannot drive" (para 6).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The Knesset has furthered protection of human rights in some fields by specific legislation, including…a law on sexual harassment to defend human dignity, freedom and privacy and to promote equality between men and women" (14). "In January 2011, the High Court of Justice ruled that gender segregation was unlawful but at the same time the Court ruling allowed the continuation of gender separation in public buses on a strictly 'voluntary basis', on the pretext of respecting multiculturalism and the right of people to practice their religious norms as they see appropriate. Justice Elyakim Rubinstein held that long with the desire to ensure that the seating arrangements on the buses would...more
Jan. 12, 2018, 4:09 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"During this time period, ultraconservative interpretations of Islamic law meant women faced heavy restrictions on their freedoms...They could not appear in public without a male blood relative and were generally banished from public settings, to be neither seen nor heard lest they be punished" (para 6). The time period referred to is when the Taliban controlled Kabul and established the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings and established the necessity of a minimum age and mutual consent in marriage, as well as codifying women’s rights to work, move, open bank accounts, and start businesses" (para 3).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, IIP-LAW-1

"Within five years of Ethiopia removing the stipulation that husbands could stop their wives from working, women’s labor force participation increased and women were more likely to work in higher-skilled jobs" (para 10).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Egypt, Jordan, Libya
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"In Egypt, Jordan, and Libya, for example, women need the permission of their husbands or fathers to work" (para 7).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"until Saudi women can work, travel, file legal claims, and otherwise engage in public life without permission from their male guardians — their father or husband, sometimes even their son —the country won’t realize the economic potential of half its population" (para 3).
Dec. 7, 2017, 8:23 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"And so, amid broader political and economic upheaval — from multi-billion dollar mega projects to an anti-corruption purge that detained many of the country’s most prominent officials — Saudi Arabia’s bid to modernize its economy included the unexpected step of permitting women to drive" (para 2).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"In Iran where there is a religious government in place, the authorities easily justify this type of [political] violence. Examples demonstrating this assertion include the ‘promotion of virtue and prevention of vice’, an Islamic concept to promote a religious way of life, personal preferences in implementation of laws, an emphasis on the domestic role of women and gender–based segregation" (para 11).
Nov. 7, 2017, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The kingdom enforces a pervasive segregation of the sexes. It is the only country in the world that upholds a ban on women’s driving. And the country’s male guardianship system renders women perpetual minors, who need permission from a father, brother or even a son to travel, study, marry or gain access to government services. (A recent government order promises to relax such rules, but whether it is enforced effectively remains to be seen)" (para 11). "'Most young Saudi women who are imprisoned [in Riyadh],' explained Hala al-Dosari, a women’s-rights campaigner, 'are sentenced for morality-related charges such as being caught in the company of an unrelated male, being accused of...more
Nov. 1, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Saudi Arabia will allow women into three sports stadiums for the first time from next year, authorities have revealed" (para 1). "Saudi Arabia has long barred women from sports arenas by strict rules on segregation of the sexes in public. The announcement [that women will be allowed to go to sporting events] is in line with powerful Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's ambitious reform drive shaking up the kingdom, including the decision to allow women to drive from next June" (para 3-4). "Last month authorities allowed hundreds of women to throng a sports stadium in Riyadh, used mostly for football matches, for the first time to mark Saudi Arabia's national...more
Sept. 27, 2017, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Eight women have been arrested in Iran for dressing up as men so they could watch a football match. Islamic law in the country bans women from attending live matches when men are present and the group were detained at Tehran's Azadi Stadium" (para 1-2). "He told Memri: 'The ban is aimed at preserving their honor, because the stadium's atmosphere, commotion, and crowds are no place for them. 'Women who wish to watch the match can do so on TV, which broadcasts the games and gives everyone a way to watch them live'" (para 5-6). "As well as banning women from football stadiums, Iran's strict laws extend to prohibiting women...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, CUST-LAW-1

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office"(para 17)
Aug. 21, 2017, 8:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Places of worship that deny or restrict women’s entry undermine the fight for gender equality and have no constitutional right to do so, the Indian supreme court said, in the latest boost for women demanding equal access to temples, mosques and other holy sites" (para 1). “The country’s highest court told the board that manages the popular Sabarimala Ayyappa Hindu temple, in the southern state of Kerala, to explain why it bans women. ‘What right does the temple have to forbid women from entering any part of the temple? Can you deny a woman her right to climb Mount Everest? The reasons for banning anything must be common for all,’...more
Aug. 3, 2017, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"According to The Times (U.K.), which received a leaked copy of the law last Friday, the law requires women to grant sex to their husbands every fourth night unless they are ill, restricts a woman to the home unless her husband allows her to leave, legalizes child marriage by setting the marriageable age at first menstruation, and grants child custody rights to fathers and grandfathers before mothers" (para 3)
July 17, 2017, 8:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

¨Public pressure seems to be working. The Bombay high court on March 30 asked the state government of Maharashtra to ensure that women are not denied entry to any temple. Hearing a public interest litigation challenging the prohibition on women’s entry to the Shani Shingnapur temple, the division bench ordered that: ´You have to ensure their access. Provisions in law already allow this. Nothing prevents women from entering. Police and collector will have to act against those preventing their entry.´ It added that if men were granted entry to a place of worship, women should enjoy access too.Activists had sought implementation of the Maharashtra Hindu Places of Public Worship (entry...more
June 21, 2017, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In Saudi Arabia, women are forbidden to drive" (p 3)
June 21, 2017, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In May 2011, I drove a car on Saudi roads, with my brother beside me and my sister-in-law, her baby and my son, Aboudi, in the back seat. In Saudi Arabia, women are forbidden to drive. I was arrested and spent nine days in prison. At the time, I was a working, divorced mother. As a result of my protest, I was threatened — imams wanted me to be publicly lashed — and monitored and harassed. I was pushed out of my job. After that, I had to move from my home. Without a safe place to work or live, with other Saudis calling for my death, I had no...more
June 12, 2017, 12:19 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The system of male guardianship, which requires women to obtain permission from a father, husband, or son to travel, study or marry is an impediment to realising women's rights, say rights groups" (p 11)
June 7, 2017, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The goal for us female drivers is to show that we can drive, and in addition encourage women to take charge of the few opportunities they have" (1). This is a teenage Afghani girl at 2:43 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
April 24, 2017, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Jewish women sing songs of worship as they march arm in arm with male supporters through an ultra-Orthodox area of Jerusalem's Old City. They're from a group called Women of the Wall, which lobbies for women to be allowed to pray, sing and read the Bible aloud at the Western Wall, the most important site for Jewish prayer. They hold these marches about once a month, and they often get heckled. Today is no different" (1, 2)
April 21, 2017, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

“Women are legally required to obtain permission from their husbands to travel” (482).