The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-1

Nov. 7, 2017, 3:25 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The kingdom enforces a pervasive segregation of the sexes. It is the only country in the world that upholds a ban on women’s driving. And the country’s male guardianship system renders women perpetual minors, who need permission from a father, brother or even a son to travel, study, marry or gain access to government services. (A recent government order promises to relax such rules, but whether it is enforced effectively remains to be seen)" (para 11). "'Most young Saudi women who are imprisoned [in Riyadh],' explained Hala al-Dosari, a women’s-rights campaigner, 'are sentenced for morality-related charges such as being caught in the company of an unrelated male, being accused of ...more
Nov. 1, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Saudi Arabia will allow women into three sports stadiums for the first time from next year, authorities have revealed" (para 1). "Saudi Arabia has long barred women from sports arenas by strict rules on segregation of the sexes in public. The announcement [that women will be allowed to go to sporting events] is in line with powerful Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's ambitious reform drive shaking up the kingdom, including the decision to allow women to drive from next June" (para 3-4). "Last month authorities allowed hundreds of women to throng a sports stadium in Riyadh, used mostly for football matches, for the first time to mark Saudi Arabia's national ...more
Sept. 27, 2017, 11:50 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Eight women have been arrested in Iran for dressing up as men so they could watch a football match. Islamic law in the country bans women from attending live matches when men are present and the group were detained at Tehran's Azadi Stadium" (para 1-2). "He told Memri: 'The ban is aimed at preserving their honor, because the stadium's atmosphere, commotion, and crowds are no place for them. 'Women who wish to watch the match can do so on TV, which broadcasts the games and gives everyone a way to watch them live'" (para 5-6). "As well as banning women from football stadiums, Iran's strict laws extend to prohibiting women ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-2, ATDW-LAW-5, CUST-LAW-1

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office"(para 17)
Aug. 21, 2017, 8:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Places of worship that deny or restrict women’s entry undermine the fight for gender equality and have no constitutional right to do so, the Indian supreme court said, in the latest boost for women demanding equal access to temples, mosques and other holy sites" (para 1). “The country’s highest court told the board that manages the popular Sabarimala Ayyappa Hindu temple, in the southern state of Kerala, to explain why it bans women. ‘What right does the temple have to forbid women from entering any part of the temple? Can you deny a woman her right to climb Mount Everest? The reasons for banning anything must be common for all,’ ...more
Aug. 3, 2017, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"According to The Times (U.K.), which received a leaked copy of the law last Friday, the law requires women to grant sex to their husbands every fourth night unless they are ill, restricts a woman to the home unless her husband allows her to leave, legalizes child marriage by setting the marriageable age at first menstruation, and grants child custody rights to fathers and grandfathers before mothers" (para 3)
July 17, 2017, 8:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

¨Public pressure seems to be working. The Bombay high court on March 30 asked the state government of Maharashtra to ensure that women are not denied entry to any temple. Hearing a public interest litigation challenging the prohibition on women’s entry to the Shani Shingnapur temple, the division bench ordered that: ´You have to ensure their access. Provisions in law already allow this. Nothing prevents women from entering. Police and collector will have to act against those preventing their entry.´ It added that if men were granted entry to a place of worship, women should enjoy access too.Activists had sought implementation of the Maharashtra Hindu Places of Public Worship (entry ...more
June 21, 2017, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In Saudi Arabia, women are forbidden to drive" (p 3)
June 21, 2017, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"In May 2011, I drove a car on Saudi roads, with my brother beside me and my sister-in-law, her baby and my son, Aboudi, in the back seat. In Saudi Arabia, women are forbidden to drive. I was arrested and spent nine days in prison. At the time, I was a working, divorced mother. As a result of my protest, I was threatened — imams wanted me to be publicly lashed — and monitored and harassed. I was pushed out of my job. After that, I had to move from my home. Without a safe place to work or live, with other Saudis calling for my death, I had no ...more
June 12, 2017, 12:19 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The system of male guardianship, which requires women to obtain permission from a father, husband, or son to travel, study or marry is an impediment to realising women's rights, say rights groups" (p 11)
June 7, 2017, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"The goal for us female drivers is to show that we can drive, and in addition encourage women to take charge of the few opportunities they have" (1). This is a teenage Afghani girl at 2:43 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
April 24, 2017, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Jewish women sing songs of worship as they march arm in arm with male supporters through an ultra-Orthodox area of Jerusalem's Old City. They're from a group called Women of the Wall, which lobbies for women to be allowed to pray, sing and read the Bible aloud at the Western Wall, the most important site for Jewish prayer. They hold these marches about once a month, and they often get heckled. Today is no different" (1, 2)
April 21, 2017, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

“Women are legally required to obtain permission from their husbands to travel” (482).
Feb. 23, 2017, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: RCDW-PRACTICE-1, RCDW-LAW-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"The proposal also calls for a beating if a woman does not wear a hijab, if she interacts with strangers, speaks too loudly or gives others cash without her husband's permission, according to the newspaper" (para 6).
Jan. 30, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Yemeni women need the permission of their husbands or guardians to travel" (para 5).
Jan. 30, 2017, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Lujain Al-Hathlol, a Saudi activist, was arrested Monday night at the Saudi border after she arrived driving from the United Arab Emirates, in defiance of a ban on women driving in Saudi Arabia" (para 3). "Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world where women are not allowed to drive. The ban was reinforced with a fatwa, or religious ruling, in 1991, as Human Rights Watch reported" (para 15). "Women are effectively rendered legal minors in Saudi Arabia. She states that the restrictions on women’s rights in Saudi Arabia have existed for decades and authorities enforce the guardianship system through policies and practice. Under the strict male guardianship system, ...more
Jan. 30, 2017, 5:58 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"This law is well-known to many: in Saudi Arabia, the Fatwa on Women's Driving of Automobiles prohibits women from driving and from obtaining a driver's license" (para 19).
Jan. 30, 2017, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Yemen
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"A man in Afghanistan can legally restrict his wife's right to leave the house. The same is true in Yemen, where a wife's movements outside the marital home can be restricted by her other half" (para 15).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Thousands of Saudis have signed an online petition calling for the government to abolish the country’s guardianship system, which prevents women from engaging in fundamental tasks without the permission of a male relative. 'Women should be treated as a full citizen,' said activist Aziza Al-Yousef who, along with other activists, has been fighting against the guardianship system for a decade" (para 1-2). "Under Saudi law, women require the permission of a male guardian to travel, marry, or exit prison and it may be needed to be granted employment or access to healthcare. A guardian is typically a woman’s father or her husband if she is married; a widow may have ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Women legally remain dependents here: They require permission of a male guardian — a father, husband, or son — to travel and study. They can’t drive. But as they have started working, they have gained a newfound independence from the simple fact of having an income. It’s such financial power that could prove a game-changer for women’s rights in the kingdom" (para 5). "Men may retain many legal rights over women, but their power at home could erode with time" (para 19).
Jan. 24, 2017, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Sharia civil law long applicable to Muslims permits enforcement of khalwat, a prohibition on the close proximity of a Muslim and a member of the opposite sex other than a spouse or close relative. Non-Muslims may now also be arrested for violating khalwat under the SPC, provided that the other accused party is Muslim. As of October the government reported 38 khalwat cases, of which 25 resulted in convictions" (6). "The government’s guidelines state no government official may travel alone and unrelated male and female officers may not travel together, but this was enforced inconsistently based on ministry and gender" (10).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-1, IIP-LAW-1

“The constitution provides for freedom of internal movement, foreign travel, emigration, and repatriation, and the government generally respected these rights” (9).
Dec. 31, 2016, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Under Taliban rule women are prohibited from leaving their homes unless accompanied by a close male relative. They are also banned from working or education and are forced to wear the burqa" (para 5-6)
Dec. 23, 2016, 11:19 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Article 133 [of the Shia Personal Status Law of 2009] (1) The household’s supervision is the right of the husband, unless based on the husband’s mental deficiency, and by order of the court, it is given to the wife. (2) A wife can leave the house for legal purposes to the extent that local custom allows..." (para 2-3)
Dec. 3, 2016, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"I presume you mean legal restrictions on women’s mobility. If so, the answer to all of your questions [Do women in Spain need permission from their husbands to leave the home or go into public spaces? Can women face consequences for leaving home without telling their husbands beforehand? Are there any circumstances in which women's ability to move around in public might be limited, including circumstances in which women and men are separated in public?] is no" (para 1).
Oct. 26, 2016, 6:19 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: IIP-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"Equality of genders and mobility of the individual is enshrined in our constitution" (para 2).
Sept. 30, 2016, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"Females represent a fraction of the council members—38 out of 2,106 officials—but the same-room ban is a reminder of the challenges women face in Saudi Arabia, where they still can’t drive or travel abroad without the permission of a male relative" (para 3). This same-room ban was initiated and announced by the general director of municipal council affairs on January 27, 2016 (HRS-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 21, 2016, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

"While the Saudi Arabian government has claimed that there is no legal provision banning women from driving cars, fatwas, such as this one, have the force of law in Saudi Arabia. In addition, it is illegal for women to be granted a driver’s license" (para 2)
Sept. 21, 2016, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-1

". . . the issue of women’s driving of automobiles. It is known that this is a source of undeniable vices, inter alia, the legally prohibited “khilwa” [meeting in private between a man and a woman] and abandonment of “hijab” [women’s veil]. This also entails women meeting with men without taking the necessary precautions. It could also lead to committing “haraam” [taboo] acts hence this was forbidden Pure “Shari’a” also prohibits the means that lead to committing taboo acts and considers these acts “haraam” in themselves . . . Thus, the pure “Shari’a” prohibited all the ways leading to vice . . . Women’s driving is one of the means ...more
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, LO-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

“I believe that this idea [misyar] has become embedded in Saudi society, which sees women as a shame that cannot be avoided except by marriage or death. This mindset will remain as long as the country’s laws support it. Woman will not be able to approach any government department without a male guardian, cannot travel abroad without his permission, cannot apply for a passport without him, cannot rent a house except in his name. I can give a long list” (para 8).