The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-2

Sept. 6, 2020, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-2

"In May, the government proposed changes to the law on rape and sexual assault to introduce a requirement for consent, and to criminalize sexual harassment, to bring Dutch law into line with the Istanbul Convention. At time of writing no legislation had been introduced" (para 3).
Aug. 9, 2020, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Chile made human rights progress in some areas in 2019. Congress passed … a law outlawing public sexual harassment" (para. 3). "In April [2019], Chile outlawed public sexual harassment, making acts including verbal assaults, groping, stalking, and obscene public indecency punishable by fines and even jail time" (para. 15).
June 23, 2020, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"(d) Sexual harassment is not specifically criminalized in the Penal" (6).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-2

"New criminal offences have been introduced in the Criminal Code, including: female genital mutilation; stalking; sexual harassment; and forced marriage" (20).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Although the law prohibits sexual harassment, it remained a widespread problem. The Department of Labor issued guidelines to employers on how to handle workplace complaints that allow for remuneration of the victim’s lost compensation plus interest, additional damages, legal fees, and dismissal of the perpetrator in some circumstances" (25).
May 15, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"[There is a] lack of a comprehensive definition in law of sexual harassment and the absence of civil remedies in cases of sexual harassment committed outside the workplace" (4). "It also welcomes the extension of the regulation on sexual harassment and sexist behaviour to the public sector, as provided for in the recently adopted law on new freedoms and new protections for enterprises and employed persons (El Khomri Law)" (13).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: DACH-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-2

"In the 12 states that adopted sharia law, sharia and social norms affected women to varying degrees. For example, in Zamfara State local governments enforced laws requiring the separation of Muslim men and women in transportation and health care. In 2013 the Kano State government issued a statement declaring men and women must remain separate while using public transportation." (35).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Although several laws criminalize sexual harassment in the workplace and public sphere, the problem was widespread. Laws require all provinces to establish provincial-level ombudsmen" (41).
March 24, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Former interim President Adly Mansour issued a decree June 6, 2014, amending some provisions of the penal code to deal with sexual harassment. Days later, on June 10, a woman suffered severe burns after she was sexually abused in Tahrir Square during the inauguration of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. The Egyptian penal code includes three articles relating to sexual harassment. They stipulate the issuance of sanctions for crimes committed by force or threat or involving obscene acts toward women. In such instances, harassers face six months to five years in prison, in addition to a fine of up to 50,000 Egyptian pounds ($6,991). No law in Egypt, however, addresses sexual...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but authorities did not enforce the law effectively, and it remained a widespread problem. According to the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the labor law does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment in the workplace; it merely gives a male or female employee the right to resign without prior notice from his or her position in the event that an indecent offense is committed towards the employee or a family member by the employer or his or her representative, without any legal consequences for the perpetrator" (28).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"No laws specifically prohibit sexual harassment, although the penal code criminalizes 'shameful' or 'immoral' acts. Authorities, however, rarely enforced the law" (30).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"An article addressing sexual harassment against women was added to the Law on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women revised in 2005, and the Special Regulations on the Labor Protection of Female Employees formulated and implemented in 2012 clearly stipulate that employers should prevent and prohibit sexual harassment against female employees" (para. 41).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations carry penalties of up to three years in prison" (18).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically prohibit sexual harassment, although the labor code states that men and women have the same rights and obligations" (19).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"No law prohibits sexual harassment and it was a problem. The government made no effort to address the problem" (20).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment of not less than one month and not more than six months, and/or a fine of not less than 10,000 pesos ($200) and not more than 20,000 pesos ($400)" (26).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal. Generally, the penalty is two to five years in prison. In particularly egregious cases, the penalty may equal the 10- year prison sentence maximum for rape. The government did not effectively enforce these laws" (23).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment occurred throughout the country. Legislation passed in 2006 prohibits sexual harassment with a minimum sentence of one year, but there was little or no effective enforcement of the law" (page 40).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal, and conviction is punishable by fines and imprisonment. It is defined in the labor code as any verbal, nonverbal, or bodily behavior of a sexual nature that has the effect of creating an intimidating, hostile, or humiliating work environment for a person. Although rarely reported due to societal pressure, such harassment was nevertheless a common problem, and authorities did not effectively enforce the law" (page 9).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law defines sexual harassment as unlawful discrimination, subject to civil penalties. Victims usually avoided legal action due to fear of reprisal, lengthy court proceedings, and lack of accessible legal services" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"No law specifically prohibits sexual harassment, although authorities prosecuted some sexual harassment cases under provisions of the criminal code" (p. 16).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The 2014 labor code prohibits all forms of workplace harassment, including sexual harassment; the constitution prohibits harassment based on sex, race, ethnicity, political opinions, or other grounds. As of September the Ministry of Labor had not documented any case of sexual harassment, despite its frequency. The 2016 criminal code penalizes sexual harassment" (p. 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment, which occurred. A new criminal code, however, enacted in August, provides penalties for sexual harassment ranging from six months to three years in prison and fines from 100,000 to 2,000,000 CFA francs ($176 to $3,533)" (page 16).
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"There is no law prohibiting sexual harassment, and it was widespread" (p. 8).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law provides for up to five years’ imprisonment for sexual harassment. If the victim is a child, the recommended punishments are longer. Women’s rights activists reported that authorities rarely enforced these laws . . . State of emergency provisions amended the Criminal Procedural Law to increase the number of crimes, including crimes involving threats to women, which may be resolved through mediation instead of the court system. Critics complained the move lowered the severity of potential criminal punishments of perpetrators of violence against women, undermining women’s safety and potentially enabling impunity" (page 50-51).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law allows the top administrative official in a district to impose up to six months’ imprisonment, a maximum fine of NRs 50,000 ($500), or both, against a perpetrator, once a series of internal workplace processes to address a complaint have been exhausted. According to women’s rights activists, the law provides adequate protective measures and compensation for victims, but the penalties are insufficiently severe and the law does not cover the informal sector, where sexual harassment is most common" (Pg 27).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Article 281 of the criminal code, which prohibits indecent public acts, serves as the basis for criminal complaints stemming from sexual harassment. Violations of this article are punishable by imprisonment of up to two years and eight months and a small fine. Civil society and NGOs reported sexual harassment was a problem countrywide, but government institutions actively worked to counter it" (Pg 27). "The National Commission on Violence against Women reported 421 policies that discriminate against women were issued by provincial, district and municipal administrations between 2009 and 2014. These include “morality laws” and antiprostitution regulations, such as those in Bantul and Tanggerang, that have been used to detain women...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the launch of a national 24-hour helpline for women who are victims of violence and a series of amendments to laws that penalize stalking and forced marriage and give effect to the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse under national jurisdiction" (5).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"According to the law, harassment of a sexual nature constitutes a violation of the equal treatment principle, but is not a crime. According to the EU Fundamental Rights Agency, 42 percent of women interviewed experienced some form of sexual harassment after the age of 15" (Pg 29).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but the government did not effectively enforce the law, and sexual harassment was common. The law prescribes no specific penalties for the crime" (Pg 18).