The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-2

Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment. According to the new criminal code, penalties range from fines to imprisonment of three months to one year" (24).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"There is no specific law against sexual harassment. Cultural norms often prevented women from reporting such incidents. There was no record of any person ever being charged or prosecuted for sexual harassment" (para 107)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and those convicted face one- to three-year sentences, or three to five years if the victim is under 18 years old" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Although woman’s empowerment has been at the top of Egypt’s priorities during the past decade, with legislative changes and a large number of initiatives – for example, anti-trafficking and anti-harassment laws, and the women’s quota in the Egyptian parliament - still girls and women face enormous challenges in the country" (para 1). The article does not describe the anti-harassmetn laws in detail, but indicates they are present in the country (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"According to a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, such crimes (primarily rapes, molestations and stalking) have skyrocketed by a whopping 60 percent between 2010 and 2011 and 2014 and 2015" (para 4). It is considered a crime to stalk another individual; majority of stalking victims are women (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides civil penalties. Sexual contact induced by certain threats may also fall under the criminal code, with a maximum 14-year prison sentence" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and violations are punishable by imprisonment of not less than one month and not more than six months, and/or a fine of not less than 10,000 pesos ($223) and not more than 20,000 pesos ($446)" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment generally…" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal in both the public and private sectors. The law specifies maximum fines of 20,000 baht ($550) for individuals convicted of sexual harassment. The punishment depends on the degree of harassment. Abuse categorized as an indecent act may result in maximum 15 years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of 30,000 baht ($830)" (37).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The government prosecutes harassment via the penal code. Conviction of 'disgracing or dishonoring' a person in public is punishable by a minimum of one year and up to 15 years in prison if the victim is under age 14. Conviction of 'infamous' acts against the rules of decency is punishable by a penalty of six months in prison, and 'dishonoring a woman by word or deed on a public roadway' is also a punishable offense" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law puts sexual harassment in the same category as discrimination, but women’s rights groups asserted there was no effective mechanism to protect against sexual harassment" (40).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment" (16).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment and it was a problem" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, and the government generally enforced this law. Criminal penalties range from a fine to up to two years in prison" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is not illegal and was a widespread problem" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

""Sexual harassment is not illegal, and it was a widespread and severe problem" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Although the penal code incorporates protections against sexual harassment in education, there is no legislation on sexual harassment in public places" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The Gender Equality Act makes sexual harassment punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment. Extreme cases could be prosecuted under certain sections of the penal code, such as indecent assault on a woman or girl, which carries up to a 14-year prison sentence, or insulting the modesty of a woman, a misdemeanor punishable by one year’s incarceration" (16-17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is against the law, and penalties range from one to three years’ imprisonment and a fine of one to four million ariary ($304 to $1,220). The penalty increases to two to five years’ imprisonment, plus a fine of two to 10 million ariary ($608 to $3,040), if criminals forced or pressured the victim into sexual acts or punished the victim for refusing such advances" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but women who experienced it remained reluctant to approach police or other institutions because of lack of confidence that authorities would respond and because of the perceived stigma associated with making such matters public" (13).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize sexual harassment, but indecent sexual behavior toward another person is illegal and punishable by six months to three years in prison" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"No specific law addresses sexual harassment, but the law criminalizes 'encroachment on honor,' which encompasses everything from touching a woman against her will to rape, and police strictly enforced this law" (24).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"No legislation addresses sexual harassment and no legal remedy exists for victims of sexual harassment, although the prime minister presented a sexual harassment bill in the House of Representatives in December" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and provides penalties ranging from two months to five years in prison" (21).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

There is a “lack of legal protection against emerging forms of gender-based violence, such as online stalking and harassment” (7)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

“Although all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the federal government have passed laws that criminalize stalking the intent of these laws is often not carried out in practice. The laws were created to protect victims from a series of actions that add up to criminal abuse, yet research indicates that prosecutors often do not use stalking statutes to address this crime. They are more likely to charge stalking behaviors as harassment or domestic violence-related crimes, such as assault or violation of a protective order (Klein et al. 2009; Tjaden and Thoennes 2000)—a decision that can be particularly significant in jurisdictions where stalking constitutes a felony and most domestic...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

“California enacted the first state stalking law in 1990; the rest of the states and the District of Columbia soon followed suit (National Center for Victims of Crime 2007). In 1996, Congress made interstate stalking a federal offense; subsequent amendments expanded the statute to include stalking via electronic communications, conduct that causes the victim severe emotional distress, and surveillance using global positioning systems” (247)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

“[women who] experience partner stalking (9.2 percent)” (237-238)
July 2, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Saudi Arabia is preparing to outlaw sexual harassment while it continues to detain women's rights activists...The sexual harassment draft law, passed on Tuesday, comes less than a month before Saudi Arabia lifts its decades-long ban on women driving. The conservative Islamic kingdom would introduce a prison term of up to five years and a fine of 300,000 riyals (£60,300) under new laws approved by its cabinet. The measure was drawn up by the Shura Council, which advises cabinet, and now just needs approval from the royal family to become law" (1, 3-5).