The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-LAW-2

Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment occurred throughout the country. Legislation passed in 2006 prohibits sexual harassment with a minimum sentence of one year, but there was little or no effective enforcement of the law" (page 40).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal, and conviction is punishable by fines and imprisonment. It is defined in the labor code as any verbal, nonverbal, or bodily behavior of a sexual nature that has the effect of creating an intimidating, hostile, or humiliating work environment for a person. Although rarely reported due to societal pressure, such harassment was nevertheless a common problem, and authorities did not effectively enforce the law" (page 9).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law defines sexual harassment as unlawful discrimination, subject to civil penalties. Victims usually avoided legal action due to fear of reprisal, lengthy court proceedings, and lack of accessible legal services" (p. 15).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"No law specifically prohibits sexual harassment, although authorities prosecuted some sexual harassment cases under provisions of the criminal code" (p. 16).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The 2014 labor code prohibits all forms of workplace harassment, including sexual harassment; the constitution prohibits harassment based on sex, race, ethnicity, political opinions, or other grounds. As of September the Ministry of Labor had not documented any case of sexual harassment, despite its frequency. The 2016 criminal code penalizes sexual harassment" (p. 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment, which occurred. A new criminal code, however, enacted in August, provides penalties for sexual harassment ranging from six months to three years in prison and fines from 100,000 to 2,000,000 CFA francs ($176 to $3,533)" (page 16).
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"There is no law prohibiting sexual harassment, and it was widespread" (p. 8).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law provides for up to five years’ imprisonment for sexual harassment. If the victim is a child, the recommended punishments are longer. Women’s rights activists reported that authorities rarely enforced these laws . . . State of emergency provisions amended the Criminal Procedural Law to increase the number of crimes, including crimes involving threats to women, which may be resolved through mediation instead of the court system. Critics complained the move lowered the severity of potential criminal punishments of perpetrators of violence against women, undermining women’s safety and potentially enabling impunity" (page 50-51).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law allows the top administrative official in a district to impose up to six months’ imprisonment, a maximum fine of NRs 50,000 ($500), or both, against a perpetrator, once a series of internal workplace processes to address a complaint have been exhausted. According to women’s rights activists, the law provides adequate protective measures and compensation for victims, but the penalties are insufficiently severe and the law does not cover the informal sector, where sexual harassment is most common" (Pg 27).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Article 281 of the criminal code, which prohibits indecent public acts, serves as the basis for criminal complaints stemming from sexual harassment. Violations of this article are punishable by imprisonment of up to two years and eight months and a small fine. Civil society and NGOs reported sexual harassment was a problem countrywide, but government institutions actively worked to counter it" (Pg 27). "The National Commission on Violence against Women reported 421 policies that discriminate against women were issued by provincial, district and municipal administrations between 2009 and 2014. These include “morality laws” and antiprostitution regulations, such as those in Bantul and Tanggerang, that have been used to detain women...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2, MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the launch of a national 24-hour helpline for women who are victims of violence and a series of amendments to laws that penalize stalking and forced marriage and give effect to the Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse under national jurisdiction" (5).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"According to the law, harassment of a sexual nature constitutes a violation of the equal treatment principle, but is not a crime. According to the EU Fundamental Rights Agency, 42 percent of women interviewed experienced some form of sexual harassment after the age of 15" (Pg 29).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but the government did not effectively enforce the law, and sexual harassment was common. The law prescribes no specific penalties for the crime" (Pg 18).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment. The penal code provides for imprisonment from six months to one year and fines from 100,000 to one million CFA francs ($187-$1,865) for whoever takes advantage of the authority conferred on them by their position to harass another using orders, threats, constraints, or pressure to obtain sexual favors. The penalty is imprisonment for one to three years if the victim is a minor and from three to five years if the offender is in charge of the education of the victim. Despite these legal provisions, sexual harassment was widespread" (Pg 26-27).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal in both the public and private sectors. The law specifies maximum fines of 20,000 baht ($612) for those convicted of sexual harassment, while abuse categorized as an indecent act may result in a maximum 15 years’ imprisonment and a maximum fine of 30,000 baht ($919). The law governing the civil service also prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates five levels of punishment: probation, docked wages, salary reduction, suspension, and termination. NGOs claimed the legal definition of harassment was vague and prosecution of harassment claims difficult, leading to ineffective enforcement of the law" (page 29).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and conviction provides for a one-year mandatory prison sentence" (p. 13).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The penal code prescribes penalties for conviction of 18 to 24 months’ imprisonment, but authorities generally did not enforce harassment laws" (p. 29).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment and stipulates that whoever assaults or uses criminal force, intending thereby to outrage, or knowing the act is likely to outrage the modesty of a person, shall be punished by caning and a maximum imprisonment of five years" (p. 16).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is not illegal, and was a widespread and severe problem. Women frequently experience harassment in public locations and the workplace. In Port Moresby the government and UN Women worked together to provide women-only public buses to cut down on sexual harassment on public transportation" (p. 18).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, including the use of threats of physical violence or psychological pressure to obtain sexual favors. Punishment for sexual harassment may range from a fine to a prison sentence of one month to two years. The sentence for sexual harassment doubles if the victim is younger than 18" (p. 35).
July 13, 2019, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"No law prohibits sexual harassment, and it remained a widespread problem" (p. 16).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The transitional penal code does not criminalize sexual harassment. There was no record of any person ever being charged or prosecuted for sexual harassment" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment... By law sexual harassment complaints may be resolved in court, before the legal chancellor, by the Labor Dispute Committee, or by the gender-equality and equal-treatment commissioner. An injured party may demand termination of the harmful activity and compensation for damages. In July the penal code was amended and sexual harassment became a misdemeanor offense, punishable by a fine of 2,000 euros ($2,400) or detention for up to 30 days" (p. 9).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a crime punishable by imprisonment for up to six months in cases that do not involve domestic abuse or a power relationship and for up to one year for abuse of a subordinate or dependent. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (page 23).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment was common, but the government took some steps to prosecute harassment during the year. The penal code contains provisions under which some forms of sexual harassment of women may be prosecuted. The NGOCC stated it received many reports of sexual harassment in places of work but expressed concern that stringent evidence requirements in courts of law prevented victims from litigating. For example on May 17, the Zambia National Information Service reported a Chinese employer in Serenje, identified only as Tu, threatened to fire Caren Mupeta because she refused to have sexual relations with him. Women’s organizations expressed concern regarding increased incidents of unemployed youth on the street stripping...more
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment, but it is illegal for a man to coerce into a sexual relationship a woman who has a business or financial dependency. Social norms, lack of reporting, and lack of legal recourse made it difficult to assess the scope of the problem" (Pg 28).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment and provides for penalties of up to 14 years’ imprisonment, but authorities did not effectively enforce the law. Sexual harassment was a serious and widespread problem in homes, schools, universities, and workplaces. In 2013 local NGO Uganda Human Rights Defenders Association reported 90 percent of women had faced sexual harassment at work and that their prospective male employers routinely asked female job seekers for sex. The Ministry of Gender, Labor, and Social Development (MGLSD) reported that fears of retaliation made many victims unwilling to report harassment" (Pg 28).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-2

"Act No. 1/05 of 22 April 2009, amending the Criminal Code and the Code of Civil Procedure to strengthen sanctions for acts of violence against women, provide a clearer definition of rape and criminalize sexual harassment" (2).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IIP-LAW-2

"The law mandates prison terms of five months to three years and fines of 50,000 to 500,000 CFA francs ($92 to $919) for sexual harassment, but the problem was widespread. The government did not effectively enforce the law" (page 15).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits a person in authority from using his or her position to intimidate a subordinate to have sexual relations. The law classifies some types of workplace sexual harassment as criminal offenses. A government voluntary code of conduct provides a detailed definition of sexual harassment intended to raise public awareness of the problem" (p. 23).