The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IIP-PRACTICE-2

Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment occurred throughout the country. Legislation passed in 2006 prohibits sexual harassment with a minimum sentence of one year, but there was little or no effective enforcement of the law" (page 40).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is illegal, and conviction is punishable by fines and imprisonment. It is defined in the labor code as any verbal, nonverbal, or bodily behavior of a sexual nature that has the effect of creating an intimidating, hostile, or humiliating work environment for a person. Although rarely reported due to societal pressure, such harassment was nevertheless a common problem, and authorities did not effectively enforce the law" (page 9).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-2

"The law does not prohibit sexual harassment, which occurred" (page 16).
July 21, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"The June 2016 World Bank report stated that 52% of the internally displaced persons in Yemen — more than 3 million people — consist of women, many of whom are now heading their displaced households. In a Yemeni context, this absence of adult men can be interpreted as the death of the male heads of those households, their joining one of the warring groups or leaving for nearby cities to look for jobs. Crucially, the absence of adult men from households makes displaced women's accessibility to humanitarian aid extremely difficult. Women in conflict-affected areas are often unable to access the humanitarian aid of which almost 19 million people in Yemen...more
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"During the year there were several high-profile instances of violence against women in public, including on public transit, because of their clothing. On September 30 in the Atasehir neighborhood of Istanbul, a man punched a women wearing a headscarf; video footage showed the man hitting the victim and walking away. Authorities apprehended the perpetrator and sentenced him to five-plus months of imprisonment. He was subsequently released on probation. Some women’s rights NGOs asserted that weak legal enforcement of existing laws designed to protect women and light sentencing of violent perpetrators of crimes against women contributed to a climate of permissiveness for potential offenders. State of emergency provisions amended the Criminal...more
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law allows the top administrative official in a district to impose up to six months’ imprisonment, a maximum fine of NRs 50,000 ($500), or both, against a perpetrator, once a series of internal workplace processes to address a complaint have been exhausted. According to women’s rights activists, the law provides adequate protective measures and compensation for victims, but the penalties are insufficiently severe and the law does not cover the informal sector, where sexual harassment is most common" (Pg 27).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Article 281 of the criminal code, which prohibits indecent public acts, serves as the basis for criminal complaints stemming from sexual harassment. Violations of this article are punishable by imprisonment of up to two years and eight months and a small fine. Civil society and NGOs reported sexual harassment was a problem countrywide, but government institutions actively worked to counter it" (Pg 27). "The National Commission on Violence against Women reported 421 policies that discriminate against women were issued by provincial, district and municipal administrations between 2009 and 2014. These include “morality laws” and antiprostitution regulations, such as those in Bantul and Tanggerang, that have been used to detain women...more
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"According to the law, harassment of a sexual nature constitutes a violation of the equal treatment principle, but is not a crime. According to the EU Fundamental Rights Agency, 42 percent of women interviewed experienced some form of sexual harassment after the age of 15" (Pg 29).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment, but the government did not effectively enforce the law, and sexual harassment was common. The law prescribes no specific penalties for the crime" (Pg 18).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment. The penal code provides for imprisonment from six months to one year and fines from 100,000 to one million CFA francs ($187-$1,865) for whoever takes advantage of the authority conferred on them by their position to harass another using orders, threats, constraints, or pressure to obtain sexual favors. The penalty is imprisonment for one to three years if the victim is a minor and from three to five years if the offender is in charge of the education of the victim. Despite these legal provisions, sexual harassment was widespread" (Pg 26-27).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Gender-based violence against women and girls, including… sexual harassment in private and public spaces, continues to take place in the State party" (5).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment was common, but the government took some steps to prosecute harassment during the year. The penal code contains provisions under which some forms of sexual harassment of women may be prosecuted. The NGOCC stated it received many reports of sexual harassment in places of work but expressed concern that stringent evidence requirements in courts of law prevented victims from litigating. For example on May 17, the Zambia National Information Service reported a Chinese employer in Serenje, identified only as Tu, threatened to fire Caren Mupeta because she refused to have sexual relations with him. Women’s organizations expressed concern regarding increased incidents of unemployed youth on the street stripping...more
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law does not explicitly prohibit sexual harassment, but it is illegal for a man to coerce into a sexual relationship a woman who has a business or financial dependency. Social norms, lack of reporting, and lack of legal recourse made it difficult to assess the scope of the problem" (Pg 28).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment and provides for penalties of up to 14 years’ imprisonment, but authorities did not effectively enforce the law. Sexual harassment was a serious and widespread problem in homes, schools, universities, and workplaces. In 2013 local NGO Uganda Human Rights Defenders Association reported 90 percent of women had faced sexual harassment at work and that their prospective male employers routinely asked female job seekers for sex. The Ministry of Gender, Labor, and Social Development (MGLSD) reported that fears of retaliation made many victims unwilling to report harassment" (Pg 28).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"Girls encountered greater difficulties in continuing in school beyond the elementary level. Sexual harassment by school staff and early pregnancy also caused the departure of girls from school. Many parents opted to keep their middle- and high-school-aged daughters home to work or to marry rather than sending them to school, where predatory teachers could ruin their reputations and future marriage prospects" (page 16-17).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment was a problem. While the law states harassment is illegal and may be prosecuted in court, no specific punishment is prescribed, and authorities did not enforce the law" (Pg 11).
July 2, 2019, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Legal provisions against sexual harassment were vague, and government enforcement was ineffective. No cases have ever been brought to trial. There were frequent reports of sexual harassment, most often of female students by teachers. During the year authorities either fired or suspended numerous teachers and some principals for inappropriate sexual conduct with students. Some teachers threatened female students with poor grades if they did not heed to the teachers’ sexual advances" (Pg 19).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"It continued to arrest student activists and cancel or deny permits for some student events. Youth activists reported some universities discouraged students from participating in antigovernment rallies and showed favorable treatment towards NCP students. Some professors exercised self-censorship. Security forces used tear gas and other heavy-handed tactics against largely peaceful protests at universities or involving university students. The Public Order Police continued to monitor public gatherings and cultural events, often intimidating women and girls, who feared police would arrest them for “indecent” dress or actions" (Pg 45).
June 28, 2019, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a criminal offense carrying a maximum sentence of five years in prison. Some observers acknowledged widespread sexual harassment. Reports of the prevalence of 'survival sex,' whereby vulnerable women engaged in sexual acts for monetary and other kinds of support or compensation, especially with security force personnel, continued to emerge. One report noted members of the security forces approached a woman in the north and told her that if she allowed them to have sex with her on a regular basis, they would compensate her. If she refused, they would rape her by force, so she chose the former course" (Pg 29).
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is punishable by up to three years imprisonment and a fine. The government rarely enforced the law, and NGOs reported that most women were unaware that it was a punishable offense. Although no statistics were available, observers noted that sexual harassment, particularly by military and police, was a serious problem throughout the country" (Pg 36).
June 25, 2019, 7:34 a.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a criminal offense carrying a penalty of up to eight years’ imprisonment. By the end of the year, five criminal investigations of sexual harassment resulted in convictions. Observers believed incidents of sexual harassment were underreported" (Pg 12).
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes sexual harassment. It is unlawful to make unwanted sexual advances, repeatedly follow or pursue others against their will, initiate repeated and unwanted communications with others, or engage in any other “menacing” behavior. As of December the FSU reported 15 cases of sexual harassment. No reliable data was available on the prevalence of sexual harassment, but it was thought to be widespread and greatly underreported" (Pg 19).
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"In July a video of a group of men harassing two women on the Jeddah Corniche coastal resort area drew significant attention on social media. The case was referred to the Jeddah Criminal Court in August, where the two women were cleared of charges, while three men were found guilty on charges of harassment, disturbing the public order, and gender mixing and sentenced to two-and-a-half months’ imprisonment and 50 lashes" (Pg 37).
June 20, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-LAW-2, IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual harassment by employers or any other person and provides for penalties for conviction of two months’ to two years’ imprisonment and fines from 100,000 to 500,000 Rwandan francs ($139 to $696). Nevertheless, advocacy organizations reported sexual harassment remained common. The City of Kigali continued a program to combat sexual harassment of women and girls in public spaces, and government officials frequently spoke against sexual harassment and GBV. The effectiveness of government enforcement efforts was unknown" (Pg 32).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee takes note of the information provided by the State party on the ongoing elaboration of the public policy for the protection of human rights defenders. Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern that women human rights defenders in the State party, including indigenous women defending land rights and environmental resources, women advocating protection from gender-based violence and women defending the human rights of lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons, are increasingly subject to attacks, sexual violence, intimidation, stigmatization, criminalization of their activities, illegal detention and defamation campaigns against them. It is also concerned that social protest is oppressed by using gender-based violence, including sexual violence, against women...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"On March 12, a graduate student from Periyar University in Tamil Nadu state was apprehended by police while distributing pamphlets in support of continuing protests against government oil exploration projects at Neduvasal in Pudukottai District and Kadiramangalam in Thanjavur District. Police invoked a provision of the Goondas Act, which allows preventive detention of a habitual offender for up to one year without the possibility of bail. Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami, who also holds the home portfolio, defended the student’s detention, saying that she 'was causing disturbances to the public by taking part in various protests'" (19). "Online and mobile harassment, particularly of female journalists, was prevalent, with some female...more
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment remained a common problem. No statutes prohibit sexual harassment, but authorities may prosecute violent harassment under assault statutes. The VAPP criminalizes stalking, with terms of imprisonment of up to two years, a maximum fine of 500,000 naira ($2,500), or both. It does not explicitly criminalize sexual harassment, which it legally defines as physical, verbal, or nonverbal conduct of a sexual nature, based on sex or gender, which is persistent or serious and demeans, humiliates, or creates a hostile or intimidating environment. The act criminalizes emotional, verbal, and psychological abuse and acts of intimidation" (Pg 34-35).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2, IIP-LAW-2

"Sexual harassment is a crime punishable by prison sentences of three to six months and fines of 10,000 to 100,000 CFA francs ($17 to $173). If the violator is in a position of authority over the victim, the prison sentence is three months to one year and the fine is increased to 20,000 to 200,000 CFA francs ($35 to $347). Sexual harassment was common. Courts enforced applicable laws in the small percentage of cases reported" (Pg 17).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"It remained difficult for victims to file a sexual harassment complaint and for judges to reach a ruling on such cases. Many women remained unwilling to report incidents of sexual harassment, believing that the justice system was ineffectual, according to official media. Several prominent media reports of sexual harassment went viral on social media, helping to raise awareness of the problem, particularly in the workplace" (53). "Some women’s NGOs that sought to increase public awareness of sexual harassment reported harassment by public security and faced challenges executing their programs. In May police searched the houses of feminists suspected of printing clothing with antisexual harassment slogans. In September 2016 women’s rights...more
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: IIP-PRACTICE-2

"According to the Center for Women’s Rights, sexual harassment of women occurred often, but few women reported it. Public awareness of the problem remained low. Victims hesitated to report harassment due to fear of employer reprisals and a lack of information about legal remedies" (Pg 25).