The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IMSTD-DATA-1

Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“Overall, 35% of couples have at least one partner with HIV. In 20% of couples, both partners are HIV positive. Fifteen percent of couples are discordant, that is, one partner is HIV positive and the other is HIV negative” (235). “Ten percent of respondents age 15-24 (13% of young women and 6% of young men) are HIV positive (Table 13.8). HIV prevalence is higher among young women and men who are married than among their never-married counterparts. The HIV prevalence among young adults who have never had sex (4% among women and 6% among men) may reflect underreporting of sexual activity among young people, survival of children infected through mother-to-child ...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“Fourteen percent of ever-married women report having had an STI and/or symptoms of an STI in the 12 months preceding the survey. The proportion of women who sought advice or treatment for an STI from a clinic, hospital, or health professional increased from 31 percent in 2011 to 46 percent in 2014” (175). “Overall, only 0.5 percent of ever-married women age 15-49 responded that they had an STI in the 12 months preceding the survey. It is likely that this figure underestimates the actual prevalence of STIs among sexually active women in Bangladesh, as many STI symptoms are not easily recognized and many STIs do not have visible symptoms” (183). ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“Eight percent of women and 4 percent of men reported that they had a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or symptoms of an STI in the 12 months preceding the survey” (223). “Overall, 8 percent of women and 4 percent of men reported having had an STI or experiencing STI symptoms during the 12 months preceding the survey” (256). “Four percent of women reported having an STI; 6 percent had a bad-smelling, abnormal discharge, and 3 percent had a genital sore or ulcer. The prevalence of STIs and STI symptoms is highest among never-married women (15 percent)” (256). “Women in urban areas are slightly more likely than women in rural areas ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“Among men, those in union are least likely to have an STI or symptoms of an STI (8 percent). Women in urban areas and men in rural areas are more likely than their counterparts to report having had an STI or symptoms of an STI” (229). “About 1,700 cohabiting couples were tested for HIV in the 2014 GDHS. In 0.8 percent of couples, both partners were HIV positive. In 2.4 percent of couples, one partner was HIV positive and the other was HIV negative. In 96.7 percent of couples, both partners were HIV negative” (241). “Marital status is related to HIV prevalence (Table 14.5). Prevalence is substantially higher among widowed ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:50 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“Women who are currently married or living together with a partner (6 percent) and those who are divorced, separated, or widowed (7 percent) have a higher prevalence of STIs and STI symptoms than women who have never been married (4 percent)” (243). “The prevalence of STIs or STI symptoms is higher among divorced, separated, or widowed men (6 percent) and uncircumcised men (6 percent) than among their counterparts. The highest prevalence of STIs and STI symptoms occurs in Nyanza (6 percent)” (243).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“Among women, the HIV rate is 31 percent, compared with 20 percent among men. HIV prevalence peaks at 49 percent for women age 25-29, which is almost five times the rate among women age 15-19 and more than twice the rate observed among women age 45-49” (xxvii). “HIV prevalence increases from 2 percent among men in the 15-19 age group to 45 percent in the age group 35-39 and then decreases to 28 percent among men age 45-49. HIV prevalence for women and men age 50 or over is 12 percent and 18 percent, respectively. Among the population age 2-14 years, 4 percent of girls and boys are infected” (xxvii). ...more
July 27, 2016, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“Self-reported prevalence of STIs and/or STI symptoms, including genital sore or ulcer and bad smelling or abnormal genital discharge, is higher among women than men. Fifteen percent of ever-married women report having had an STI and/or symptoms of an STI in the 12 months prior to the survey, compared with only 6 percent of men. Women who report STI symptoms are somewhat more likely to say they have had a bad-smelling or abnormal genital discharge (11 percent) than a genital ulcer or sore (7 percent). The percentage of women and men reporting an STI and/or STI symptoms is highest in Barisal and lowest in Rangpur” (208).
July 27, 2016, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“Table 14.14 shows that women and men who are married or living together have the lowest prevalence of STI or STI symptoms relative to those of other marital statuses. Women in the Northern region and men in the Eastern region (27 percent and 17 percent respectively) have a higher prevalence of selfreported STIs or symptoms of an STI relative to women and men from other regions. Men and women with higher levels of education also have the highest prevalence of STIs and STI symptoms (25 percent for women with primary education and 16 percent for men with secondary or higher education)” (220). “About 3,500 cohabiting couples were tested for HIV ...more
April 27, 2016, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1, DSFMF-DATA-1

“In 81 percent of the 6,791 cohabiting couples who were tested for HIV in the 2013-14 ZDHS, both partners were HIV negative. In 8 percent of the couples, both partners were HIV positive, and 11 percent of the couples were discordant” (233). “By marital status widowed and divorced respondents are more likely to be HIV positive (46 percent and 27 percent, respectively). Similarly, women not currently in a union (16 percent) and men in non-polygynous unions (15 percent) are more likely than those in other subgroups to be HIV positive” (238). “Among cohabiting couples who tested for HIV, both partners tested negative for HIV in a high proportion of couples ...more
April 26, 2016, 2:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, IMSTD-DATA-1, DSFMF-DATA-1

“Almost one-third of ever-married women reported having an STI or symptoms of an STI in the 12 months preceding the survey” (151). “Eleven percent of ever-married women reported that they had an STI in the 12 months preceding the survey; 25 percent had a bad-smelling, abnormal discharge, and 8 percent had a genital sore or ulcer. In total, 32 percent of women reported having either an STI or STI symptoms” (159). “The prevalence of STIs or STI symptoms is higher among currently married women than among those who are divorced or widowed. The prevalence varies only slightly by age, residence, education, and wealth quintile. The largest differences occur by governorate, ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

""In recent years, about 40% of women were infected. About 60% of men are infected. There are high rates of AIDS/STDs in Ukraine, especially due to the large problem of prostitution in Ukraine. Oftentimes, men infect their wives due to outside activity with prostitutes. Men are starting to wear condoms for protection more often now, especially when they are with a prostitute, so that they will not be infected. We have a fast growing rate right now of women infected with AIDS/STDs." Natalya Bochkor" (2)
Feb. 12, 2016, 12:53 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-DATA-3, IMSTD-DATA-1, DSFMF-DATA-1

"According to statistics of the Ministry of Public Health and Social Development of Russia, in 2007 in Russia 397,208 cases of HIV infection were registered, among whom the proportion of women was 135,957, including 2,816 children of ages from zero to 14 years and 1,253 children aged 15 to 17 years, inclusive. The proportion of women among early-stage HIV-infected patients has increased annually. In 2007 it was 45.8 per cent (21,545 persons) as opposed to 43.1 per cent in 2006" (38). "In 2007, 7,884 children (live) were born of HIV-infected mothers, in 2006 the number was 7,016 children, and in 2005 it was 6,711 children. Over the last three years ...more
Jan. 2, 2015, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

"Overall, 11 percent of ever- married women and 4 percent of ever-married men age 15-49 reported experiencing an STI or symptoms of an STI" (xxix). "...self-reported STI prevalence among women and men age 15-49 in Bangladesh is negligible. Less than 1 percent of women and less than 2 percent of men reported having had an STI in the 12 months prior to the survey" (177). "Eleven percent of women age 15-49 reported having had an STI and/or symptoms of an STI in the 12 months prior to the survey, compared with only 4 percent of men" (177)
Jan. 2, 2015, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

Table 13.15 Self-reported prevalence of sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) and STIs symptoms. "Table 13.15 shows that self-reported STI prevalence among women age 15-49 in the Kyrgyz Republic is negligible, with only 1 percent of women who ever had sex reporting having an STI in the 12 months before the survey. Nine percent of women reported having had a bad-smelling or abnormal genital discharge, and 1 percent reported having had a genital ulcer or sore. Altogether, 10 percent of women reported having either an STI and/or symptoms of an STI in the 12 months before the survey. The percentage of women reporting an STI and/or STI symptoms is highest among women in ...more
Feb. 10, 2014, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

"Self-reported prevalence of STI or symptoms of STI among women vary minimally by age and marital status" (194)
March 18, 2013, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“HIV prevalence is closely related to marital status among both women and men age 15-49 (Table 13.5). As expected, HIV prevalence is high among both widows (60 percent) and widowers (62 percent). Levels are also high among those who are divorced or separated (59 percent for women and 31 percent for men). Among currently married women, HIV prevalence is 26 percent, somewhat lower than the level of 31 percent among currently married men. HIV prevalence is lowest for respondents who have never been married (16 percent for women and only 7 percent for men). However, prevalence among women who have ever had sex but have never been married (25 percent) ...more
Feb. 2, 2013, 9:29 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

"Table 14.6 shows HIV prevalence among women and men by various demographic characteristics. HIV prevalence is closely related to marital status among both women and men. Seventeen percent of widowed and 7 percent of divorced or separated respondents are HIV positive. Four percent of respondents who are currently married are HIV positive. Among respondents who have never been married, the HIV prevalence is 3 percent for those who have had sex and less than1 percent for those who have never had sex. This suggests that some women and men incorrectly reported that they were not sexually active, or that there is some degree of nonsexual HIV transmission occurring (e.g., through ...more
July 11, 2012, 8:56 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

"According to the official report from the National Centre for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and Sexually-Transmitted Diseases (NCHADS) in 2008, 43% of HIV-positive married women in Cambodia contracted the virus from their husbands" (43)
Sept. 16, 2011, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

"There aren’t specific statistics of married or non married women infected with AIDS/STDs, but we do know that in the 80’s decade there was one woman infected for every 13 men, nowadays the relation is 1 woman for 2 men. The statistics that ONUAIDS Colombia has is that 170.000 – 220.000 persons are infected in Colombia, and the 20% of them are women."
June 7, 2011, 3:57 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

"She said that in the area of health, women were the hardest hit by HIV/AIDS and that access to health centres and the availability of health workers, contraceptive measures and information were more limited in rural areas, where HIV/AIDS infection rates were fortunately low. In that connection she said that draft legislation on reproductive health, which included programmes of action to combat HIV/AIDS, was awaiting adoption" (2). "The Committee notes with concern the high incidence of HIV/AIDS among women, particularly younger women, and the absence of an adequately funded strategic plan to address HIV/AIDS" (6)
April 29, 2010, 1:25 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“One of the issues of great concern to the Taiwan CDC is the significant increase over the past decade in married women among HIV patients. For example, in recent years, Taiwanese businessmen have been traveling frequently to various parts of Mainland China and several other Asian countries to pursue new entrepreneurial opportunities, at the same time exposing themselves to, and becoming infected with, HIV by prostitutes and escorts. As one consequence, wives of those traveling Taiwanese businessmen unknowingly become vulnerable to and victims of the spread of HIV” (7).
March 13, 2010, 6:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

"'We need to deal with cultural traditions if we are to combat HIV/AIDS,' said Matius Phiri, a local village leader. 'Already a good number people have died here after marrying women who have lost their husbands to AIDS. It is a question of behaviour change, and whether people will accept changing their cultural traditions'" (par. 2).
Feb. 16, 2010, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

"A traditional practice that contributes to the spread of HIV in Kenya is meko tatu, when a woman has three relationships at once ... a common practice in Kilifi district for both married and unmarried women. Many of these women do not use condoms with their various sexual partners. Interestingly, the practice is not shrouded in secrecy—it is openly talked about and is an accepted part of the culture" (1-3).
Jan. 13, 2010, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2, IMSTD-DATA-1

“As of June 2002, 9,106 persons have become infected with HIV, including 4,055 (45%) women. In The Bahamas, women in their childbearing years, particularly young girls, are the fasting growing population for HIV infection. Moreover, the majority of new HIV cases are reported in women ages 15–44 years (Health Information & Research Unit, 2002). Although The Bahamas has witnessed a decline in new HIV cases from 1995 to 1999, there was a 23% increase of new cases of HIV among women in 2000 compared with only 6% among men. Additionally, the incidence rates per 100,000 population during the time were 156.3 for men and 146.4 for women (Health Information & ...more
Nov. 14, 2009, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“In Rwanda and Zambia, it is estimated that over half of new infections occur within marriage or in cohabitating relationships, and just under half in Uganda” (39). “They may also be at a higher risk of contracting HIV than their unmarried, sexually active counterparts.109 Studies in Kenya and Zambia report that HIV infection rates among married girls are 48 to 65 percent higher than among sexually active unmarried girls” (45).
Nov. 14, 2009, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“In Rwanda and Zambia, it is estimated that over half of new infections occur within marriage or in cohabitating relationships, and just under half in Uganda” (39).
Nov. 9, 2009, 2:39 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

?In Rwanda and Zambia, it is estimated that over half of new infections occur within marriage or in cohabitating relationships, and just under half in Uganda? (39).
Nov. 5, 2009, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IMSTD-DATA-1

“In about one out of ten married couples in Kenya, at least one partner is living with HIV. Among married people who are living with HIV, 45 percent have a partner who is uninfected. This is not unique to Kenya—in a study of five African countries, two thirds of HIV-infected couples are sero-discordant (one partner is HIV-negative, while the other is HIV-positive)” (39). “They may also be at a higher risk of contracting HIV than their unmarried, sexually active counterparts.109 Studies in Kenya and Zambia report that HIV infection rates among married girls are 48 to 65 percent higher than among sexually active unmarried girls” (45).
Sept. 17, 2009, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, IMSTD-PRACTICE-1, IMSTD-DATA-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-2, DSFMF-LAW-1, DSFMF-DATA-1, ADDL-DATA-1

"'Women are responsible for their partner's fate', explains Betty Luma, director of the International Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA) in Cameroon. 'This is also the case if the husband dies in a car accident in which the woman has had no part whatsoever. With an HIV infection it is always the woman's fault—no matter how she behaved up until then.'" (48).
Sept. 16, 2009, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-3, IMSTD-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, SMES-DATA-3, DSFMF-DATA-1

"A country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in the world (33.5 per cent), Botswana is witnessing decreased remittances from husbands with AIDS-related illnesses. This leaves women--usually older-- shouldering the care of orphaned children"