The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-DATA-1

July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The Ministry of Religious Affairs declared circumcision for Muslim girls (sunat) a religious rite obligatory under Islam and described it as the removal of the hood of the clitoris" (p. 15).
July 12, 2019, 9:16 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1

"Prevalence of FGM/C demonstrates persistent gender inequality in Somalia. Although Article 15.4 of the PFC prohibits female circumcision, 98 percent of Somali girls are reported to have undergone the procedure" (9).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1

"The law and constitution prohibit FGM/C of women and girls and establish a maximum penalty of 10 years’ imprisonment for convicted perpetrators--or life imprisonment if the victim dies during the act of FGM/C. The government, women’s groups, and international organizations combated the practice through education and livelihood skills training. These programs, which received some support from local leaders, emphasized close cooperation with traditional authority figures and peer counseling. Nevertheless, the Sabiny ethnic group in rural Kapchorwa District and the Pokot ethnic group along the northeastern border with Kenya continued the practice; the Sabiny practiced types I and II, and the Pokot practiced type III" (Pg 27).more
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women. It is usually perpetrated a few months after birth. According to 2015 data from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FGM/C had been performed on 3 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 and on 1 percent of girls and young women ages15 to 19. The most common form of FGM/C was excision. Penalties for those convicted of FGM/C range from two months to five years in prison as well as substantial fines. The law was rarely enforced because most cases occurred in rural areas where awareness of the law was limited or traditional customs often took precedence over the...more
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"Although the provisional federal constitution describes female circumcision as cruel and degrading, equates it with torture, and prohibits the circumcision of girls, FGM/C is almost universally practiced throughout the country. UNICEF reported that 98 percent of women and girls had undergone FGM/C and that the majority were subjected to infibulation--the most severe form--which involves cutting and sewing the genitalia. At least 80 percent of Somali girls who have undergone FGM/C had the procedure performed when they were between the ages of five and 14. International and local NGOs conducted education awareness programs on the dangers of FGM/C, but there were no reliable statistics to measure their success" (Pg 34).more
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in hospitals and clinics but does not explicitly ban the practice in country. There were no reliable statistics on the prevalence of FGM/C, but some reports suggest it is practiced in the country to varying degrees. According to press reports, a 2010 Ministry of Health study on FGM/C found that men and women across all ages broadly accepted the practice, especially in rural areas. In the southern Dhofar region, FGM/C reportedly was performed on newborns and involved a partial or total clitoridectomy (Type I as defined by the World Health Organization). Throughout the rest of the country, FGM/C usually consisted of a minor...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C, which is punishable by six months to three years in prison. If an FGM/C victim dies, the practitioner may be sentenced to 10 to 20 years in prison. There were no reports of FGM/C perpetrated on women age 18 and over. FGM/C was practiced on young girls, with clitoridectomy the most common form. Dangouria, a form of FGM/C found only in Niger, was also common. It consists of cutting away the hymen of newborn girls by traditional barbers known as wanzam. Certain ethnic groups practiced FGM/C, predominantly the Peuhl and Djerma in the west. According to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the FGM/C rate nationwide decreased...more
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The most common form of FGM/C was excision, usually performed a few months after birth" (p. 11).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reported in 2012 that 97 percent of FGM/C procedures took place in the home and found Type 2--partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with and without excision of the labia majora--in 83 percent of studied cases" (36).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Excision was the most severe form of FGM/C practiced" (page 17).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The most common type of circumcision involved cutting and removal of flesh, with 73% of circumcised women reporting this type of circumcision. Seven percent of circumcised women reported that their genital area had been sewn closed (infibulated) (Figure 16.1)" (317).
Nov. 17, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The procedure is one that is medically unnecessary and involves cutting and damaging a female’s genitalia to varying degrees and is rooted in the belief that a girl’s value lies in her virginity" (para 3). "Though FGM is typically carried out around adolescence, Jean Paul Murunga, a member of Equality Now’s End Harmful Practices team told the Guardian there has been a trend toward subjecting younger girls to FGM in Burkina Faso. 'Previously, girls were cut at older ages like 13, 14, 15, and 16, but [the age] has now decreased because a girl of 13 and above is able speak out,' he said. Among those recently hospitalized after undergoing...more
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C. There were no reports of FGM/C on women age 18 or older. There were no reports of the practice on girls under age 18" (para 145)
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-1

"While not commonly inflicted on adult women, almost all girls in the northern Fouta Region were victims of FGM/C, as were 60 to 70 percent of girls in the south and southeast. Sealing, one of the most extreme and dangerous forms of FGM/C, was sometimes practiced by the Toucouleur, Mandinka, Soninke, Peul, and Bambara ethnic groups. According to the NGO German Society for International Cooperation, excision, type II, was the form of FGM/C most frequently practiced According to 2012-13 survey data from the National Institute for Statistics, FGM/C had been performed on 18 percent of girls below age 14" (page 14-15).
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The first nationally representative household survey, the Basic Health Research Survey, found that more than half of girls under the age of 11 had experienced some form of FGM/C, and 79 percent of these underwent the procedure before they were six months old. There was no official data about what types of FGM/C were used, but according to the National Commission on Violence Against Women and other NGOs, the vast majority of FGM/C was Type IV" (para 147)
Oct. 4, 2018, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"It usually involves a prick or a slit at the top of the clitoris and is widely contested whether it is construed as genital mutilation as FGM/C is often understood as only clitoridectomy and infibulation, which is a total or partial excision of the clitoris and the narrowing of the vagina through the creation of a covering seal" (para 7).
Sept. 15, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"'They cut the clitoris, one side of the vulva was cut, the other side was wounded in three areas,' Hassan said. 'I never saw anyone who was mutilated like that in my life'" (para 7).
Sept. 15, 2018, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"The ancient ritual is usually carried out by traditional cutters, often using unsterilized blades or knives. The fatwa pertains to the most severe form of FGM called infibulation, where the external genitalia are removed and the vaginal opening sewn or sealed closed. It is the most common type of FGM performed in Somaliland" (para 10-11).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Although the practice of circumcising young girls is slowly declining in Sebei, the trend has changed to circumcising married women" (para 3).
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:57 a.m.
Countries: Panama, Peru
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"FGM is also known to be practised in Peru and Panama" (para 11).
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:56 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Colombia's Embera indigenous tribe is one of the few communities in Latin America known to practise female genital mutilation (FGM), which involves the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons" (para. 1). "Retired prosecutor Victor Martinez has been following some of the cases and discovered that the practice is not limited to one community.'In the Sierra Nevada, of Santa Marta in the northern part of the country, the Arhuaco, and Cogui tribes, and others practice the mutilation of female genitals, specifically with young girls,' he explains. 'Also in the north, in the Guajira state, there are also a few indigenous tribes that practice FGM,' he...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2

"While noting the policy and institutional measures taken to investigate and prosecute cases of killings of persons with albinism, the Committee is concerned that the number of prosecutions and convictions remains low. The Committee is deeply concerned about the discrimination, stigmatization and social exclusion faced by persons with albinism, including women and girls, and the severe threats to and attacks on their physical integrity, such as ritual killings, abductions, mutilation and sexual abuse" (page 14).
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Eighty-one percent of circumcised women reported that some flesh was removed from their genitals, and 7% were infibulated. Eighty-six percent of women’s circumcisions were performed by traditional agents" (page 357). "The most common type of circumcision involved cutting and removal of flesh, with 81% of circumcised women reporting this type of circumcision. Seven percent of circumcised women reported that their genital area had been sewn closed (infibulated) (Figure 16.1). Infibulation is the type of FG/M that is of greatest concern because of the possible harm to health (Yoder, 2013)" (page 359).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"According to the Demographic and Health Survey (EDS) 2010, excision is still more widespread in rural than in urban areas, while the percentage of excised women is highest in the Centre-Est, Nord, Centre-Nord and Plateau-Central regions (respectively, 90, 88, 87 and 88 per cent)" (18).
Jan. 13, 2018, 7:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Elizabeth Ralyea remembers people holding her arms and legs while she screamed and kicked at the woman who approached with a razor blade. She thinks she was about 6, or maybe 8, and she was living with her family in the West African country of Burkina Faso. The elder woman began to cut between Ralyea's legs, she recalled. When she yelled at the woman, her mother grabbed a branch to swat her for being impolite" (para 1-3). "For most U.S. women and girls who have been cut, the procedure was performed in their home country before moving here, Vergoth said, or while they were sent abroad — often called "vacation...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:32 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"Most women in Somalia have undergone the severest form of FGM, known as infibulation, in which the external genitalia are sliced off and the vaginal opening sewn up. The cutting is usually done by traditional circumcisers, sometimes using rusty and unsterilized instruments" (para 7-8). Hopkins said there was evidence that families were moving toward “a milder form of FGM”, butthat this was not something UNICEF condoned. “I would say there has been quite a big shift in recent years away from infibulation to this lesser form,” he added" (para 9-10).
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, DV-DATA-1

"The Program [a radio program a NGO designed for women] also tackles the issue of violence against women especially the domestic violence and FGM and their consequences of women and the family"(para 5)
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"In Ontario, some women have asked their doctors to reverse the most severe type of FGM. Provincial records show that in the past seven years, Ontario has performed 308 'repairs of infibulations,' a surgery that creates a vaginal opening where it has been sewn mostly shut" (para 16).
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-DATA-1

"[Joan] Siyuama is among many Maasai girls who are bucking a tradition that has disfigured millions of their ancestors. For the Maasai community, traditional culture permeates every aspect of daily life. Until recently, that culture dictated that elders must remove a girl’s labia and much of her clitoris before she could marry. But with the help of a generation of activists campaigning against female genital mutilation and early forced marriages, traditional African communities like this one have accepted an alternative ceremony. As a result, fewer girls are being married off as teenagers, and more are going to school"(para 3)."'I used to attend several ceremonies where young girls would undergo the...more