The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-DATA-2

July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"UNICEF reported 96 percent of women and girls ages 15 to 49 in the country had undergone the procedure" (p. 16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women, but the practice remained widespread, particularly in rural areas" (page 16).
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The April 2017 UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau’s Report on the Right of Health in Guinea-Bissau estimated that 45 percent of the female population had undergone the FGM/C procedure" (p. 8).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-2

"FGM/C reportedly occurred regularly, and no laws prohibit the practice. A February 6 UNICEF report, which reflected 2013 government data, estimated that 49 percent of girls age 11 and younger, or an estimated 60 million women and girls, have undergone some form of FGM/C, despite laws prohibiting medical professionals from administering it. The Ministry of Women’s Empowerment has been vocal about its opposition to FGM/C but has run up against conservative groups, including the Indonesian Ulema Council, who claimed a religious foundation for the practice. For more information, see data.unicef.org/resources/female-genital-mutilation-cuttingcountry-profiles/" (Pg 27).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Despite the law the practice was very prevalent, with approximately 76 percent of girls and women between the ages of 15-49 believed to have undergone FGM/C" (p. 12).
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"In Uganda, 55% of women age 15-49 have heard of female circumcision; 0.3% of women are circumcised (Table 9.15)" (148).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Authorities arrested more than 20 persons on FGM/C charges, including parents complicit in the practice. In February a court in Kapchorwa convicted four women of performing and abetting FGM/C and sentenced each of them to four years’ imprisonment. A month earlier in Kapchorwa, authorities arrested eight persons on FGM/C charges and courts convicted six of the eight. Local citizens attacked a man suspected of reporting the eight to authorities and accused critics of FGM/C of destroying their culture. A UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) study released in January reported 86 FGM/C cases from January to October 2014, compared with 54 cases during the same period in 2013. The joint UN-government program...more
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C existed in the country, but NGOs and the government concurred that the incidence was low for girls and women" (p. 15).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women. It is usually perpetrated a few months after birth. According to 2015 data from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), FGM/C had been performed on 3 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 and on 1 percent of girls and young women ages15 to 19. The most common form of FGM/C was excision. Penalties for those convicted of FGM/C range from two months to five years in prison as well as substantial fines. The law was rarely enforced because most cases occurred in rural areas where awareness of the law was limited or traditional customs often took precedence over the...more
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to UNICEF and the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the national prevalence rate of FGM/C among girls and women 15-49 years old was 88 percent. Prevalence varied geographically and depended on the local ethnic group. The 2010 Sudan Household Health Survey indicated prevalence rates of FGM/C varied from 99.4 per cent in Northern State to 68.4 per cent in Western Darfur. Girls were generally cut when five to 11 years old. Comprehensive figures were not available. The government and UNICEF reported a shift in attitudes towards FGM/C and observed downward trends in its prevalence between the household health surveys in 2006 and 2010. The 2010 survey concluded 34.5 percent of...more
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"Although the provisional federal constitution describes female circumcision as cruel and degrading, equates it with torture, and prohibits the circumcision of girls, FGM/C is almost universally practiced throughout the country. UNICEF reported that 98 percent of women and girls had undergone FGM/C and that the majority were subjected to infibulation--the most severe form--which involves cutting and sewing the genitalia. At least 80 percent of Somali girls who have undergone FGM/C had the procedure performed when they were between the ages of five and 14. International and local NGOs conducted education awareness programs on the dangers of FGM/C, but there were no reliable statistics to measure their success" (Pg 34).more
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM/C was a problem, with the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reporting in 2014 that nine of 10 women and girls had undergone the procedure and 13 percent of girls under age 14 underwent the procedure during 2013. Through the State of Public Health Emergency issued in August 2014 and by-laws issued in 2015 to control the spread of Ebola, the government continued to prohibit the activities of secret societies, including placing a moratorium on practicing FGM/C on women and girls. On August 19, Chief Executive Officer of the National Ebola Response Center Palo Conteh reiterated the ban on secret society activities had not been lifted and anyone violating the ban...more
June 24, 2019, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The most recent comprehensive FGM/C survey, conducted by UNICEF in 2010, indicated 89 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 were excised, and 74 percent of girls and women in the same age group had at least one daughter who was excised"(p. 22).
June 23, 2019, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to a 2012 Ministry of Health survey, 78 percent of girls and women between the ages of 15 and 49 had undergone FGM/C. According to UNFD, infibulation, the most extreme form of FGM/C, with a prevalence rate of 67.2 percent, continued, although with declining frequency" (p. 18).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in hospitals and clinics but does not explicitly ban the practice in country. There were no reliable statistics on the prevalence of FGM/C, but some reports suggest it is practiced in the country to varying degrees. According to press reports, a 2010 Ministry of Health study on FGM/C found that men and women across all ages broadly accepted the practice, especially in rural areas. In the southern Dhofar region, FGM/C reportedly was performed on newborns and involved a partial or total clitoridectomy (Type I as defined by the World Health Organization). Throughout the rest of the country, FGM/C usually consisted of a minor...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to human rights groups and media reports, between 70 and 90 percent of Dawoodi Bohras, a population of approximately one million concentrated in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Delhi, practiced FGM/C" (38).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"According to a 2008 World Health Organization study, 29.6 percent of girls and women ages 15 to 49 had undergone FGM/C, and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reported in 2013 that 14 percent of girls from newborn to age 14 had undergone FGM/C. The age at which women and girls were subjected to the practice varied from the first week of life until after a woman delivered her first child. Most victims were subjected to FGM/C before their first birthday. The highest prevalence among adult women was in the South (77 percent), followed by the Southeast (68 percent) and Southwest (65 percent), and was practiced on a smaller scale in...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C, which is punishable by six months to three years in prison. If an FGM/C victim dies, the practitioner may be sentenced to 10 to 20 years in prison. There were no reports of FGM/C perpetrated on women age 18 and over. FGM/C was practiced on young girls, with clitoridectomy the most common form. Dangouria, a form of FGM/C found only in Niger, was also common. It consists of cutting away the hymen of newborn girls by traditional barbers known as wanzam. Certain ethnic groups practiced FGM/C, predominantly the Peuhl and Djerma in the west. According to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the FGM/C rate nationwide decreased...more
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The practice was largely limited to remote rural areas in the north. According to the UNICEF, 7 percent of girls and women ages 15 to 49 underwent FGM/C" (p. 14).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"According to UNICEF 2015 data, FGM/C had been performed on 3 percent of girls and women between ages 15 and 49 and on 1 percent of girls and young women ages 15 to 19" (p. 11).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The 2013 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), administered by the Ministry of Public Health and Population, found that 19 percent of all women aged 15-49 had undergone some form of FGM/C. In some coastal areas influenced by cultural practices from the Horn of Africa, such as Mahara and al-Hudaydah, FGM/C practitioners had subjected up to 90 percent of women reportedly to FGM/C" (36).
May 27, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Of the 49 cases of FGM/C recorded during the year, there was only one case in which the victim was more than 30 years old. For the remaining cases, the victims’ age range from 30 months to 15 years" (P. 17).
April 29, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"'Economic Opportunity for Gender-based Violence' study has revealed that FGM is one of the most widely spread VAW phenomena among women, with nine out of every 10 women between the age of 18 and 64 years old, 89.5% of the women participated in the study, have been subject to FGM" (11).
April 24, 2019, 11:38 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"Type I (as classified by the World Health Organization) female genital mutilation/cutting was practiced among a small portion of the Muslim population" (p. 19).
April 22, 2019, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The practice was rare and confined to foreign residents" (p. 24).
April 20, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"As of July 31, police in Catalonia investigated four cases of FGM/C" (p. 12).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"FGM was reportedly most common in Hormozgan Province and also practiced in Kurdistan, Kermanshah, and West Azerbaijan provinces. According to a Radio Farda report in February, 46 percent of women in Kermanshah Province and 31 percent in West Azerbaijan Province had undergone FGM. Traditional midwives were said to perform approximately 98 percent of the mutilations" (34).
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"There were no reliable statistics on the prevalence of FGM/C, but some reports suggested it was practiced" (14).
April 1, 2019, 7:42 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: INFIB-DATA-2

"The only women in the Netherlands who are victim of FGM/C are immigrants from countries where the practice is prevalent, according to a 2013 government-funded study. Eighty percent of these women are from Egypt, Somalia, Ethiopia/Eritrea, and Kurdish Iraq. An estimated 40 to 50 girls were at risk of becoming victims each year, but only when they returned to their home countries" (p. 11).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"Local NGOs in Dagestan reported that FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages" (47).