The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No national law addresses the practice of FGM/C" (40).
March 28, 2020, 8:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"India has no laws banning female circumcision, and Ranalvi says the letters she has sent to Dawoodi Bohra leaders have been ignored" (para 11).
March 24, 2020, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"Female genital mutilation (FGM) was criminalised in December, a month after Jammeh announced a ban on the practice in Gambia, where three in four women have been cut" (par 13).
March 24, 2020, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Egyptian parliament has significantly boosted criminal penalties for female genital mutilation (FGM), passing an amendment that is widely welcomed by many segments of Egyptian society" (para 1). "In 2008, Egypt banned FGM operations in governmental and nongovernmental hospitals and other private or public practices following the death of an Egyptian teenager, Baddour Shaker, who had undergone the procedure in June of that year. A few months later, an article was added to the penal code criminalizing FGM and punishing those who force it upon women with jail terms of three months to two years, in addition to a fine of 1,000-5,000 Egyptian pounds ($113 to $563). The bill defined...more
March 24, 2020, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no specific law to address female genital mutilation. However, it is prohibited in terms of the Constitution, the Domestic Violence Act, and the Criminal Law Act (Codification and Reform)."
March 24, 2020, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In Zambia, the law prohibits abuse delivered from the cultural or customary rites or practices such as female genital mutilation (Anti-Gender-Based Violence Act, Sec. 2, 3). Nevertheless, there is no evidence to suggest that female genital mutilation is a serious concern in Zambia. The Inter-Parliamentary Union in its campaign to end violence against women stated that FGM is reportedly not practiced in Zambia."
March 24, 2020, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female genital mutilation is not addressed by the law; there is no evidence that it is a practice in Venezuela."
March 24, 2020, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no evidence to suggest that female genital mutilation is a concern in Uzbekistan. Additionally, there is no evidence to suggest the presence of laws criminalizing the practise of female genital mutilation."
March 24, 2020, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no law on female genital mutilation and there is no evidence that this is a practice of concern in Ukraine."
March 22, 2020, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act 5, 2010 is the principle statutory instrument that addresses female genital mutilation...The Act holds medical practitioners, parents, practitioners and persons who perform FGM on themselves liable (Articles 2,4-8). Where the offender is a parent, husband or a person holding authority over the victim, they can be imprisoned for a term not exceeding 8 years (FGM Act, 2010). Survivors of FGM can apply for redress and compensation under the law (article 2). Overall, the term of imprisonment for someone found guilty of practicing or attempting to practice FGM is 5-10 years with up to life imprisonment for those found guilty of aggravated FGM (Article...more
March 22, 2020, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no evidence of female genital mutilation in Turkmenistan and it is not criminalised."
March 22, 2020, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Article 23 of the Constitution stipulates that the State shall protect ‘human dignity and physical integrity, and prohibits mental and physical torture’ (Constitution of the Tunisian Republic, 2014: Article 23). There are no documented cases of female genital mutilation although it is technically punishable under Article 219 of the Penal Code, which imposes penalties for permanent damage or disfiguration caused as a result of violence (Code Penal, 2012: Article 219 Ben Salem, 2010: 22)."
March 19, 2020, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Interim National Constitution (2005) argues that the State shall combat harmful customs and traditions which undermine the dignity and the status of women (Article 32.3), however does not specify FGM/C as a harmful practice. The 2003 Penal Code argues that: “Whoever makes or causes female circumcision to be done commits an offence and shall on conviction, be punished with imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years or with fine, or with both” (Section 284.a). The existing national laws criminalise the performance of all types of FGM/C except type 1 (Sunna). In 2008, the practice was included in Criminal Law, including National Public Health Law of 2007, but the...more
March 19, 2020, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female genital mutilation has been detected among Muslim communities in the Western Province and in the Borah Muslim Community. There is anecdotal evidence suggesting that this harmful practice targets babies in the West province, and teenage girls of the Borah community, and that it is considered to be a private family matter with no religious legitimacy. No law or action plan addresses these harmful practices."
March 19, 2020, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Penal Code Act (2008) criminalises anyone who makes or causes female genital mutilation or cutting and can be imprisoned for up to 10 years (Article 259). The Child Act (2008) ensures that harmful cultural and social practices are abolished (Article 36.2.o), but does not specifically address female genital mutilation. Survivors of FGM/C cannot seek legal redress or compensation under the law. There is no national action plan or strategy to combat FGM/C."
March 19, 2020, 1:26 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female genital mutilation is not addressed in the domestic regulatory framework."
March 19, 2020, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Children’s Act (Act 38 of 2005) prohibits female genital mutilation of children, but there is no law regarding FGM and adult females. The Children’s Act (Section 305) provides that any person (whether parent, medical practitioner or otherwise) responsible for committing FGM is guilty of an offence, and may be subject to a fine or imprisonment of up to ten years, or both, for a first time offence. Repeat offenders may be sentenced to up to twenty years imprisonment or a fine or both. Children’s courts have been established in South Africa and can consider cases related to the abuse of children including FGM. These courts have the same status...more
March 19, 2020, 12:15 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code do not address FGM/C and therefore there is no legal framework in place to criminalise FGM/C."
March 16, 2020, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The legal framework does not criminalise female genital mutilation" (6)
March 16, 2020, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Lithuania does not have any specific law addressing female genital mutilation" (7)
March 16, 2020, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), female genital mutilation (FGM) is reportedly not practiced in the Libya. There is no specific legislation addressing FGM" (6)
March 16, 2020, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"To date, there is no criminal law addressing female genital mutilation (FGM) as a harmful practice in Liberia" (5)
March 16, 2020, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Latvia has no specific policy or law dealing with female genital mutilation" (5)
March 16, 2020, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

Laos' country profile on page 150 of the report indicates that the country does not have law(s) against female genital mutilation (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
March 15, 2020, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no legislation on female genital mutilation, and no evidence that FGM is practiced in the country."
March 15, 2020, 8:02 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"To date, there is no specific law dealing with female genital mutilation in Slovenia, probably due to its marginal contextual relevance. Nevertheless, the general legal framework can offer some protections. For instance, Articles 123-124 of the Criminal Code refer to grievous bodily injury and especially body injury, irrespective of whether consent was granted. The Family Violence Protection Act, by encompassing physical and sexual violence committed by one family member against another family member, allows FGM cases to be criminalized as domestic violence. It should be noted that according to the principle of extraterritoriality, FGM could be punished even if committed outside of the country. Other applicable provisions can be found...more
March 15, 2020, 8 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no specific legislation on female genital mutilation. According to the European Institute for Gender Equality, this is likely due to the low number of women coming from countries where FGM is practiced. However, FGM could be treated as a crime according to the general provisions of the Criminal Code, such as acts of bodily injury can be used (arts. 123, 155 and 156). FGM may also be applicable if abuse is caused to a close person, causing physical or mental suffering (art. 208). The principle of extraterritoriality is applicable, making FGM punishable even if it is committed outside the country."
March 15, 2020, 7:54 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no specific law that explicitly prohibits female genital mutilation. The Child Rights Act implicitly address FGM through offering protection for children from torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment including any cultural practice which dehumanises or is injurious to the physical and mental welfare of a child. This protection is reiterated in Section 4 of the Sexual Offences Act 2012; and in Section 6 of Customary Marriage & Divorce Act 2007."
March 15, 2020, 7:42 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Senegal criminalized female genital mutilation in 1999, and knowledge of this law is now widespread. The Criminal Code, Art. 299 bis, sets out punishment for any person who performs female genital mutilation (six months and up to five years of imprisonment). The act of inciting someone to undergo female genital mutilation in return for an offer, promise, gift, present or other benefit or through the application of pressure or coercion is also criminalized."
March 15, 2020, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is currently no law addressing Female genital mutilation in Saudi Arabia, which is not generally practiced, although there are indications that it does occur on the Southern region bordering Yemen."