The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

Sept. 15, 2018, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Somaliland has issued a fatwa, or religious edict, banning female genital mutilation (FGM)... The fatwa from the ministry of religious affairs on Tuesday said those who perform FGM would face punishment, and victims would be eligible for compensation. It did not provide details on the severity of punishment, or the amount of compensation" (para 1-2).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Faced with the new law against Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), traditionalists have now shifted to circumcising married women with the consent of their husbands" (para 1).
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:56 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The death of the baby girl helped lift the taboo surrounding FGM and has prompted Colombian authorities and the UNFPA to start an awareness-raising campaign - in the hope that Embera communities will stop the practice" (para. 8). "There are no laws specifically against FGM in Colombia, making it difficult to prosecute those who carry it out" (para. 9).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C...The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) worked with the government and other organizations, including the National Union of Eritrean Women and the National Union of Eritrean Youth and Students, on a variety of education programs to discourage the practice" (para 106)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and authorizes courts to prosecute residents of the country who have committed this crime in the country or anywhere in the world. Under the 2013-16 National Strategy for the Eradication of Violence against Women, doctors must ask parents in the country to sign a declaration promising their daughter(s) will not undergo FGM/C when they visit countries where the practice is common. Once a family returns to the country, a doctor, who can start legal action against the parents if examination finds that the minors underwent FGM/C during their trip, must examine the girl(s) again. Doctors must also inform the parents of the health consequences of FGM/C"...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is a criminal act in all states and territories of the country, and these laws apply extraterritorially to protect citizens or residents from being subjected to FGM/C overseas" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The practice is illegal in the UK and it is compulsory for family doctors, hospitals and mental health trusts to report any new cases in their patients. FGM - intentionally altering or injuring the female external genitalia for non-medical reasons - carries a sentence of up to 14 years in jail" (para 4-5). "Wendy Preston, from the Royal College of Nursing, said: "Mandatory reporting and compulsory sex-and-relationships education are important weapons in the fight against FGM, and school nurses play a vital role in both educating children and young women, and spotting those who may be at risk" (para 16).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C from being performed on girls under the age of 18, but it does not provide for protection to women ages 18 or older" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No specific law prohibits this practice" (36). This refers specifically to female genital mutilation and cutting, FGM/C (AA-CODER COMMENT). "There were no reports of international or governmental efforts to prevent or address the practice" (37).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not address FGM/C, although the Ministry of Health prohibits hospitals and clinics from performing the procedure" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C in the UK. It is also illegal to take abroad a British national or permanent resident for FGM/C, or to help someone trying to do this. The penalty is up to 14 years in prison. The Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 was amended during the year to include FGM Protection Orders. An FGM Protection Order is a civil measure that can be applied for through a family court. It offers the means of protecting actual or potential victims from FGM/C under the civil law. Breach of an FGM Protection Order is a criminal offense carrying a sentence of up to five years in prison. Since September...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is illegal and punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but girls in isolated zones in ethnic Venda communities in the Northeast were subjected to the practice" (32).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C. According to press reports from 2011, some cases of FGM/C were prosecuted as unlawful wounding" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:17 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls. The maximum penalty for performing FGM/C in the country or taking a girl to another country to undergo the procedure is a fine of up to 10,000 euros ($11,000), imprisonment for up to 14 years, or both...Police, Health Service Executive (the country’s public health service), Tusla, a child and family agency formed in 2014, and NGOs were on heightened alert during school holidays. Teachers have begun receiving training in detecting signs that a child is in danger of FGM/C and are legally obligated to report to police or child protection services if a girl may be in danger or if FGM/C has...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is illegal, but it remained a serious problem for women and girls...The law criminalizes FGM/C, except in cases of 'medical necessity,' with penalties of three months to two years in prison or a fine of LE 5,000 ($650)" (38).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

“The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices such as female genital mutilation following the adoption of the Criminal Justice (Female Genital Mutilation) Act in April 2012” (6)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee recalls its concern (see CEDAW/C/MLI/CO/5, para. 9) that there are no sanctions provided for in law for the violation of the constitutional prohibition of sex-based discrimination (art. 2) and, furthermore, that exceptions to non-discrimination exist in matters of family law and succession, in addition to practices harmful to the health of women and girls, including female genital mutilation and early marriage" (page 3-4). "The Committee notes that a bill to prohibit female genital mutilation was submitted to the National Assembly in 2009, that there is a bill creating a committee to follow up on that bill and that there is a national plan of action to combat female...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the National Plan of Action to Combat Female Genital Mutilation (2001-2015), the criminalization of female genital mutilation performed on girls under 18 years of age, the establishment of a national secretariat on the elimination of female genital mutilation and the intensification of related education, training and awareness-raising programmes and campaigns. It also notes recent initiatives to engage with traditional leaders and their communities to denounce female genital mutilation and support children to undergo alternative rites of passage. The Committee is, however, concerned about: . . . (d) The fact that it remains legal for women above 18 years of age to be subjected to female genital mutilation"...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the enactment of the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act of 2011. It remains concerned, however, that this harmful practice continues to be common in some communities" (5)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved...in particular the adoption of the...Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act, in 2011" (1-2)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is not specifically prohibited in the criminal code," (53).
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C as 'violence involving mutilation or permanent infirmity.' It is punishable by up to 10 years in prison (20 years if it involves a minor under the age of 15 and when the offence is committed by any person with authority over the minor) and a fine of 150,000 euros ($165,000). The law also criminalizes inciting a minor to undergo FGM and inciting another person to perform FGM. Both are punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to 75,000 euros ($82,500). The government provides reconstructive surgery and counseling for FGM/C victims" (16-17).
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Tanzanian Special Provision Act, a 1998 amendment to the penal code, specifically prohibits FGC/M (National Legislative Bodies, 1998)" (page 357). "Although the Government of Tanzania officially discourages the tradition of FGC/M, it is still performed in some parts of the country. The government, in collaboration with various stakeholders, is committed to eradicating female genital mutilation or cutting by creating awareness of the practice and its negative consequences" (page 358). "Although the decrease in FGC/M prevalence among younger age cohorts may be the result of an actual decline in the practice, it also may reflect, at least in part, underreporting of the practice given that it has been prohibited by...more
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s sixth periodic report (CEDAW/C/NGA/6), in particular the adoption of the following...Cross River State Law to Prohibit Girl-Child Marriages and Female Genital Circumcision or Genital Mutilation, in 2009." (1).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Australian Government does not tolerate female genital mutilation (FGM). It is a criminal offence in all states and territories to perform FGM, and to remove a child from the state or territory in which they live for the purpose of performing FGM. The maximum penalties range from seven to 21 years imprisonment" (Pg 37).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Article 124 of the Criminal Code, prohibiting female genital mutilation" (Pg 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, intersex genital mutilation, child marriage and forced marriage" (Pg 7).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The following steps have been taken against the above practice: 1) Conviction, in 2009, of 241 persons for excision and complicity in excision (according to data concerning the country’s district courts as a whole); 2) Implementation of a joint programme between Burkina Faso and Mali and a related action plan, 2009-2013, for encouraging the termination of the cross-border practice of female circumcision; 3) Adoption by the United Nations General Assembly of draft resolution A/C.3/67/L.21, dated 17 October 2012, on intensifying global efforts for the elimination of female genital mutilations, based on an initial proposal submitted by Burkina Faso; 4) On 2-10 February 2012, commemoration of the International Day of Zero...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: . . . (b) Third national action programme for the elimination of female genital mutilation (2014-2017)" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the recent amendments to the Penal Code specifically criminalizing female genital mutilation. However, the Committee is concerned about the reports that that crime is being committed against its citizens or residents abroad, and regrets the lack of information concerning the application of extraterritorial jurisdiction in the State party with respect to that crime. The Committee...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Children’s Law of 2011, which partly addresses female genital mutilation" (2). While this law does not expressly outlaw female genital mutilation, it could possibly be punished under this law (CODER COMMENT-BCT).