The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

Aug. 29, 2017, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In Canada, FGM was added to the Criminal Code under aggravated assault in 1997" (para 3). "Canada has recently given $350,000 to a small Quebec organization to fight FGM in at-risk communities, but critics say little has been done to understand the problem’s scope and that Canada is lagging far behind other developed countries in prevention. Experts say there is a lack of support services available for women living with the physical and psychological effects of FGM, regardless of when and where it happened to them" (para 17).
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Kenya outlawed the procedure in 2011"(para 12)
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Although genital mutilation was made illegal in Egypt in 2008, it remains heavily interwoven in the fabric of the Muslim-majority society" (para 10).
July 28, 2017, 8:04 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"She said the government's involvement in the global report [on FGM] was a good sign of increasing awareness of the practice, which is illegal and deemed a violation of human rights in several countries" (para 6). "In response, the Health Ministry softened its stance, issuing regulations that said the practice should only be done by medical professionals in a noninvasive way that did not injure girls and women. However, in 2013, the ministry revoked its regulations on female circumcision. The ministry's director general of mother and child health and nutrition supervision, Anung Sugihantono, said the government did not acknowledge female genital mutilation as a medical practice. The reasoning behind it ...more
July 4, 2017, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"while female genital mutilation was a crime under federal and many state laws, there were few investigations or prosecutions stemming from it — because of underreporting and other problems" (p 6)
June 9, 2017, 8:02 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"I knew it was illegal in the United States, and it has been banned" (4). This is a quote from a social worker in the US who was cut in India at 3:38 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
June 9, 2017, 7:57 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The United Nations has declared female genital mutilation a human rights violation but there is no ban in India" (para 21).
June 8, 2017, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM is of course as illegal back in Britain as it is here in Kenya but the law in both countries seems powerless in the face of centuries of this torturous cultural practice" (1). At 1:42 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
June 8, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM is illegal in Kenya" (1). At 0:41 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
June 8, 2017, 9:35 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"With countries like Egypt cracking down on the ancient practice - often performed illegally by a non-medically trained local midwife called a Daya - parents are finding ways to get round the law...In Egypt, Dayas have been discouraged by the 2007 criminalization of FGM, which now comes with the threat of years in prison" (para 5-6).
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls, and the maximum penalty for FGM/C is 12 years in prison" (13). "Doctors have a protocol on how to assist a victim and how to report threats of FGM/C to Safe Home, a knowledge and reporting center for domestic violence and child abuse" (13).
March 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In 2012 the National Assembly passed a law prohibiting FGM/C, making the practice punishable by a fine of up to five million CFA francs ($8,666) and five years in prison. Also in 2012 a group of Muslim preachers and scholars passed a declaration calling for the eradication of FGM/C. The UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Program on FGM/C worked with the Ministry of Justice to strengthen the dissemination and application of the law by building the capacities of officials responsible for its implementation. In 2014 they also supported the Attorney General’s Office, police, and the Child Protection Service in trying four women who practiced FGM/C in Bissau and the eastern part of the ...more
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Although the law prohibits FGM/C, the country had an extremely high prevalence rate" (21). "The law provides for a penalty of up to life in prison or death if the victim dies within 40 days of the procedure. The child code provides for minimum imprisonment of three months to two years and fines from 300,000 to one million GNF ($42 to $141). If a victim is severely injured or dies, the child code specifies imprisonment of five to 20 years and a fine of up to three million GNF ($423)" (21). "During the year a foreign embassy assisted the government in the launch of the National Campaign to Accelerate the ...more
March 9, 2017, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C" (14).
March 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C of women and girls is a criminal offense punishable by one to 15 years in prison...Immigration law includes provisions requiring authorities to consider FGM/C in reviewing immigration and asylum applications" (18).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"On December 28, the national assembly passed the Women Amendment Act 2015 banning FGM/C. The new law stipulates imprisonment for not more than three years, a fine of 50,000 dalasi ($1,250), or both for anyone found to have circumcised a female child. It also states a life sentence may be applicable in instances where the practice results in death of the victim. Accomplices who are aware of the practice but fail to report it may be liable for a fine of 10,000 dalasi ($250)" (20). "Some religious leaders, such as the State House imam, Muhammed Lamin Touray, publicly defended the practice...During the year several district chiefs, ward councilors, members of ...more
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is illegal, but the government did not actively enforce this prohibition or punish those who practiced it" (27). "The penal code criminalizes the practice of clitoridectomy, with imprisonment of at least three months or a fine of at least 500 birr ($24). Infibulation of the genitals is punishable with imprisonment of five to 10 years" (28).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but it was a problem...The law punishes perpetration of FGM/C by five years’ imprisonment and a fine of one million DJF ($5,650), and NGOs could file charges on behalf of victims...The law also provides for up to one year’s imprisonment and a fine of up to 100,000 DJF ($565) for anyone convicted of failing to report a completed or planned FGM/C to the proper authorities" (19). "The government continued efforts to end FGM/C with a high-profile national publicity campaign, public support from the president’s wife and other prominent women, and outreach to Muslim religious leaders" (19).
Feb. 8, 2017, 8:33 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In Somalia in eastern Africa, FGM is legal and 95% of women there have undergone the procedure" (para 25).
Feb. 8, 2017, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"ECWR welcomes Egypt’s cabinet approval on the draft of amending law prohibiting Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) through intensifying penalty on whoever does this act to reach imprisonment between five- seven years. This comes in comparison to the current law with the penalty of imprisonment between 3 months to 3 years. The draft law proposed classifies FGM as a felony instead of a misdemeanor that can reach 15 years in case the operation led to a permanent disability or death. Also, whoever escorts a girl to be subject for FGM will receive between one year to 3 years of imprisonment. Egypt’s Penal Law defines the permanent disability in its article 240 ...more
Feb. 8, 2017, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Public Health and Innovation Minister Nicola Blackwood told Newsbeat: 'FGM devastates lives, and we are committed to ending this abusive practice. Too often FGM is a hidden crime so to help us do this, we must know the scale of the problem which is why we are collecting data on FGM across the NHS. This means we can protect those at risk, provide support to survivors and ultimately end this crime once and for all'" (para 9-11). "DCI Leanne Pook is involved in tackling FGM in her force in Avon and Somerset. She's only had a handful of potential FGM cases in six years. 'I think what we have to ...more
Feb. 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law specifically forbids FGM/C and provides penalties for practitioners of up to five years’ imprisonment and fines of 360,000 to two million CFA francs ($625 to $3,560). Double penalties apply to medical practitioners" (21).
Feb. 4, 2017, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In Kenya, for instance, the Ministry of Health issued a policy directive in 2001 making it illegal to perform FGM/C in health-care facilities. Kenya’s 2001 Children’s Act criminalizes the cutting of girls under age 18, and sets a penalty of 12 months’ im- prisonment and/or a fine of about $600. Howev- er, survey data from before and after the adoption of these measures in Kenya show that the percent- age of girls who had the procedure performed by health care personnel increased nonetheless (see Figure 8.15), rising from 34 per cent in 1998 to 41 per cent in 2008-2009" (110).
Feb. 3, 2017, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but isolated incidents were reported in several indigenous communities" (39). "The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) continued to support a consulting project on FGM/C with indigenous peoples. The project’s goal was to eradicate practices harmful to the life and health of indigenous girls and women nationwide, with an emphasis on the departments of Risaralda and Choco. In July and August, the ICBF signed conventions of cooperation with the UNFPA to promote gender and reproductive rights within the Embera communities and, among other goals, to work toward the eradication of FGM/C" (39-40).
Feb. 2, 2017, 12:33 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law describes FGM/C as a form of sexual violence, provides a sentence of two to five years in prison, and levies fines of up to 200,000 Congolese francs ($218); in case of death due to FGM/C, the sentence is life imprisonment" (27).
Jan. 31, 2017, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Gambia, Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Nigeria and Gambia banned the practice [of FGM] last year" (para 12).
Jan. 31, 2017, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM remains legal in Liberia, Mali and Sierra Leone" (para 12).
Jan. 30, 2017, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women, but the practice remained widespread, particularly in rural areas" (17). "The Ministry of Women, Early Childhood Protection and National Solidarity is responsible for coordinating activities to combat FGM/C. The government, with assistance from the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), conducted public awareness campaigns to discourage FGM/C and highlight its dangers" (17).
Jan. 26, 2017, 8:11 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"It is a common procedure in the region known as female genital mutilation (FGM). The practice has been illegal in Egypt since 2008 but remains a strong tradition in Egyptian society where families see cutting as a way to 'calm' or 'purify' young girls" (para 4). "But disseminating a clear message against the practice has proven a challenge for the Egyptian government. The National Council of Women, a state body, said in a statement: 'All state institutions must be involved in erasing this hideous practice from the community's memory. The role of all institutions including religious institutions in raising awareness is important'" (para 12-13).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:51 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The death of a teenage girl in Sierra Leone during a female genital mutilation (FGM) procedure performed by a women-run secret society should spur the West African nation to ban the practice, anti-FGM campaigners said on Thursday. Fatmata Turay, 19, died earlier this week after undergoing FGM as part of her initiation rites for entry to the Bondo, a powerful society that carries out the practice and wields significant political clout, according to several campaigners. Three members of the Bondo society and a nurse have been arrested" (para 1-3). "While FGM is legal in Sierra Leone, a government ban on the practice enforced during the Ebola outbreak - introduced as ...more