The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

April 18, 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"It is a crime punishable by up to 12 years’ imprisonment" (p. 14).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Act No. 98-757 of 23 December 1998 penalizing female genital mutilation has been enforced since 2012" (6). "Côte d’Ivoire has taken numerous measures to implement United Nations General Assembly resolution 67/146 on intensifying global efforts for the elimination of female genital mutilation. A campaign on zero tolerance for female genital mutilation was launched in 2013 and actions to strengthen the enforcement of Act No. 98-757 of 23 December 1998 on female genital mutilation have been initiated in support of legal professionals and the prefectural authorities" (14).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes FGM/C and states, 'the cutting or removing of the two sides of female genitalia leads to ‘diyeh’ (financial penalty or blood money) equal to half the full amount of ‘diyeh’ for the woman’s life' (33).
April 8, 2019, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is a crime punishable under the law" (p. 11).
April 5, 2019, 8:26 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C. The law also requires health and social care professionals and teachers to report to police cases of FGM/C on girls less than 18 years of age. It is also illegal to take abroad a British national or permanent resident for FGM/C or to help someone trying to do this. The penalty is up to 14 years in prison. An FGM protection order, a civil measure that can be applied for through a family court, offers the means of protecting actual or potential victims from FGM/C under the civil law. Breach of an FGM protection order is a criminal offense carrying a sentence of up to five...more
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits health care practitioners and parents and guardians from performing 'traditional practices' that may harm the health of a child, but does not explicitly ban female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)… The government held outreach events at mosques, hospitals, and schools and aired television programs about the harm “traditional practices” may have on children" (14).
April 1, 2019, 7:42 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In the kingdom the law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls; the maximum penalty for FGM/C is 12 years in prison" (p. 11).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C" (47).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C. According to press reports from 2011, some cases of FGM/C were prosecuted as unlawful wounding" (para 84).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C, although the government maintained that a 2011 law protecting children against all forms of violence also proscribes FGM/C" (23).
March 22, 2019, 8:47 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C of women and girls and prosecutes the offense as aggravated assault with a maximum penalty of 14 years’ imprisonment. Persons committing or aiding another person to commit the offense may be charged with criminal negligence causing bodily harm (maximum penalty of 10 years’ imprisonment) or criminal negligence causing death (maximum penalty of life imprisonment). Persons convicted of removing or assisting the removal of a child who is ordinarily a resident in the country to have FGM/C performed on the child may face a maximum penalty of five years’ imprisonment." (p. 10).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no law against FGM/C" (para 188).
March 20, 2019, 7:36 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The practice is a criminal act in all states and territories of the country, and these laws apply extraterritoriality to protect citizens or residents from being subjected to FGM/C overseas. Penalties vary greatly across states and territories, ranging from imprisonment from seven to 21 years" (p. 12).
March 19, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C of women and girls is a criminal offense punishable by one to 15 years in prison" (p. 17).
March 18, 2019, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C as “violence involving mutilation or permanent infirmity.” It is punishable by up to 20 years in prison. The government provides reconstructive surgery and counseling for FGM/C victims" (p. 18).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to combat harmful practices within its territory and abroad, including the adoption of legislation specifically criminalizing child and/or forced marriage and female genital mutilation and the comprehensive, periodically renewed action plan, which can be characterized as a good practice, to combat those harmful practices and crimes in the name of so called honour. It also welcomes the fact that the State party was one of the first countries to criminalize hate speech, including online sexual hate speech and online revenge porn" (6).
March 8, 2019, 7:07 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is illegal and punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment" (p. 14).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law states that any act or attempt to damage a girl’s sexual organs is punishable by imprisonment and a fine of 120,000 to 300,000 ouguiyas ($363 to $910). Nevertheless, authorities seldom applied the law, since the accompanying implementing law remained provisional . . . During the year the government entered the third phase of a five-year FGM/C action plan, which aims to reinforce FGM/C policy and law, offer education and community support, encourage public declarations of FGM/C abandonment, and establish partnerships and public outreach campaigns. The government’s program, which extends to 2017, focused on communities in the regions of Gorgol, Guidimaka, Hodh El Gharbi, Hodh El Chargui, Assaba, and...more
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In 2009 the Fatwa Committee of the National Council of Islamic Religious Affairs ruled 'female circumcision' obligatory for Muslims but 'if found to be harmful to health must be avoided'" (23).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is legal in the country and, except in certain northern areas, all religious and ethnic groups practiced it widely, particularly in rural areas. Although FGM/C is legal, authorities prohibited the practice in government-funded health centers . . . Government information campaigns regarding the dangers of FGM/C reached citizens throughout the country, and human rights organizations reported decreased incidence of FGM/C among children of educated parents" (page 20-21).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C, although the government maintained that a 2011 law protecting children against all forms of violence also proscribes FGM/C. FGM/C is often performed during initiation into women’s secret Sande societies. Given the sensitivity of the topic, FGM/C surveys typically eliminate direct reference to FGM/C and instead ask respondents about initiation into a women’s secret society, making it difficult to ascertain actual prevalence rates. According to a 2013 demographic health survey, 49.8 percent of girls and women ages 15-49 had undergone the procedure. FGM/C was common and traditionally performed on young girls of northern, western, and central ethnic groups, particularly in rural areas and in...more
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In 2015, UK Government introduced a number of provisions to strengthen the law on FGM to help break down barriers to prosecution. These provisions included: extending the reach of the extra-territorial offences in the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003 (the 2003 Act) to habitual (as well as permanent) UK residents; Providing life-long anonymity for victims of alleged offences of FGM; Creating a new offence of failing to protect a girl from the risk of FGM. This makes those responsible for a girl answerable in law for how the FGM happened and may reduce the need for the girl to give evidence in court - something which young and vulnerable victims...more
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The government of Ethiopia is committed to eliminating the practice of FGM/C by strategic and programmatic measures. These include putting in place a national Harmful Traditional Practices (HTPs) strategy founded on the three-pillar approach: prevention, provision, and protection. This targeted approach guides the national effort and helps to galvanize the support of stakeholders to end the practice as well as mitigate the impact of FGM/C. Additionally, Ethiopia has criminalized the practice and now penalizes practitioners in the national Criminal Code, revised in 2005" (315).
Nov. 17, 2018, 1:49 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"For a long time there was a misconception that FGM didn’t happen in India, despite UN’s global target to eliminate FGM in all countries as part of their global Sustainable Development Goals. Women and girls in India are also not explicitly protected by law as the practice is not currently illegal, although there is a current FGM case before the Supreme Court of India" (para 1).
Nov. 17, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Burkina Faso was one of the first countries on the African continent to ban FGM, making the practice illegal in 1996. But despite efforts to educate Burkinabé of the harms of FGM and the legislation against it, the practice and cultural attitudes about it persist" (para 7).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls… Criminal sanctions apply to persons convicted of FGM/C" (9).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C. There were no reports of FGM/C on women age 18 or older. There were no reports of the practice on girls under age 18" (para 145)
Oct. 29, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In fact, the law against FGM is still in effect and there are no plans to remove it, information minister Demba Jawo told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone" (para 10). "The penalty for engaging in FGM is set as 50,000 Gambian dalasi ($1,050) or 3 years in prison or both, according to the government, but there have been no prosecutions to date" (para 21).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law provides criminal penalties for the perpetration of FGM/C on women and girls" (page 14). "The government collaborated with the NGO Tostan and other groups to educate individuals about FGM/C’s inherent dangers. The government also collaborated with the NGO Group for Population Studies and Education to develop a course on the dangers of FGM/C, which was being integrated into high school and college curriculums. At the community level, Tostan continued to implement a three-year community empowerment program that influenced 760 villages to decide to abandon FGM/C. In collaboration with key stakeholders across 14 regions, the Ministry of Justice developed a work plan to enforce the law against FGM/C and...more
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not address FGM/C but does punish mutilation of the body" (para 150)