The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

July 2, 2020, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Kentucky is the third state to pass anti-FGM legislation this year. 12 states and the District of Columbia must still act to protect their girls from this child abuse. Our next target state is Massachusetts" (para 7).
July 2, 2020, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Our team made five trips to Kentucky over the past year to assist Jenny and state legislators in passing this bill. Based on our research and experience with anti-FGM bills in other states, we advised Kentucky legislators how to develop a bill that not only criminalizes FGM in the commonwealth, but also empowers survivors to stand up for themselves in a court of law and provides education and outreach programs for impacted communities and professionals, and much more" (para 3).
July 2, 2020, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"We are thrilled to share with you that Kentucky recently became the 38th state to pass comprehensive legislation against female genital mutilation (FGM)" (para 1).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-2

"New criminal offences have been introduced in the Criminal Code, including: female genital mutilation; stalking; sexual harassment; and forced marriage" (20).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but girls in isolated zones in ethnic Venda communities in Limpopo province were subjected to the practice" (25).
June 17, 2020, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)/Female Genital Circumcision: There is no legislation prohibiting the practice" (10)
June 17, 2020, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2015...Sec. 6 – Prohibition of female circumcision or genital mutilation (1) The circumcision or genital mutilation of the girl child or woman is hereby prohibited. (2) A person who performs female circumcision or genital mutilation or engages another to carry out such circumcision or mutilation commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a term of imprisonment not exceeding 4 years or to a fine not exceeding N200,000.00 or both. (3) A person who attempts to commit the offence provided for in subsection (2) of this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a term of imprisonment not exceeding 2 years...more
June 17, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)/Female Circumsion: No legal provisions found" (13). The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children's country report for Malaysia indicates that no information could be found regarding female genital mutilation within the country's legal framework (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
June 17, 2020, 1 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM): The Child Care, Protection and Justice Act 2010 - Art. 80 – Harmful cultural practices: No person shall subject a child to a social or customary practice that is harmful to the health or general development of the child" (9)
June 17, 2020, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) / Female Circumcision: No specific law on FGM found" (13). The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children's country report for Jordan indicates that no specific information could be found regarding female genital mutilation within the country's legal framework (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
June 17, 2020, 12:15 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation: Irish Criminal Justice (Female Genital Mutilation) Act 2012 - Art. 2 - 1. A person is guilty of an offence if the person does or attempts to do an act of female genital mutilation. 2. A person is not guilty of an offence under subsection (1) if a. the act concerned is a surgical operation performed by a registered medical practitioner on the girl or woman concerned, which is necessary for the protection of her physical or mental health, b. the act concerned is a surgical operation performed by a registered medical practitioner or a midwife, or a person undergoing training to be a midwife, on the...more
June 17, 2020, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)/ Female Genital Circumcision: The authorities banned the practice in 2006 but backpedaled in 2010 following pressure from some of the country’s powerful religious organizations. The Indonesian Ulema Council (MU) is an influential quasi-government body of Muslim scholars that met with the health ministry. They explained that banning female circumcision was against human rights and sharia law. While it is not mandatory according to Islamic law, some interpretations strongly recommend it" (9)
June 17, 2020, 11:53 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)/ Female Genital Circumcision: There are no laws in India forbidding the practice of FGM" (17). The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children's country report for India indicates that no information could be found regarding female genital mutilation within the country's legal framework (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
June 17, 2020, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) - No information found" (13). The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children's country report for Honduras indicates that no information could be found regarding female genital mutilation within the country's legal framework (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
June 17, 2020, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) - No information found" (16). The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children's country report for El Salvador indicates that no information could be found regarding female genital mutilation within the country's legal framework (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
June 17, 2020, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) - No specific legal provisions exist" (15). The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children's country report for Bahrain indicates that no specific information could be found regarding female genital mutilation within the country's legal framework (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
June 15, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Section 5. Application of the criminal legislation to acts committed abroad - Outside the area of application pursuant to section 4, the criminal legislation also applies to acts committed a) by a Norwegian national, b) by a person domiciled in Norway, or c) on behalf of an enterprise registered in Norway, when the acts: 1. are also punishable under the law of the country in which they are committed... 5. are deemed to constitute genital mutilation" (3)
June 15, 2020, 11:33 a.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Cyprus has signed several international conventions banning female genital mutilation (FGM) including the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2010/C 83/02). In 2003, the Penal Code was amended to add a provision banning the cutting or mutilation, in any way, of the major lip or the minor lip or the clitoris of a woman’s genitalia. The maximum penalty is imprisonment for five years (Criminal Code, Art 233A)" (6)
June 15, 2020, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) / Female Circumcision - No specific information found" (12). The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children's country report for Costa Rica indicates that no specific information could be found regarding female genital mutilation within the country's legal framework (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
June 15, 2020, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) - No information found" (14). The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children's country report for Chile indicates that no information could be found regarding female genital mutilation within the country's legal framework (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
June 15, 2020, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Constitution of Chad (1996) does not expressly refer to harmful practices or FGM, but Article 14 assures equality ‘without distinction of origin, of race, of sex, of religion, of political opinion or of social position.’ It also places a duty on the state to eliminate all forms of discrimination against women and to assure the protection of their rights in all domains of private and public life. Article 17 addresses an individual’s right to life and personal integrity, and Article 18 prohibits cruelty, degrading and humiliating treatment, and torture. The main law relating to FGM in Chad is Law 006/PR/2002, The Reproductive Health Law, dated 15 April 2002 (The...more
June 15, 2020, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Reproductive Health Law does not explicitly refer to the practice of FGM carried out by a health professional or in a medical setting. However, given the broad nature of Article 18, The Reproductive Health Law appears to apply universally, which would likely include health professionals. As mentioned above, the Chad Human Rights Report 2012 also notes that medical practitioners who perform FGM could potentially be prosecuted under the Penal Code. It is also possible that a Chadian code of medical ethics exists, which may cover the practice of FGM, but it has not been possible to obtain a copy or verify the existence of such a document for the...more
June 14, 2020, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no specific law against breast-ironing in the UK" (para 4). "The Government has insisted it is 'absolutely committed' to stamping out the practice" (para 5). "But unlike another harmful cultural practice, female genital mutilation (FGM), which is the subject of a multi-million-pound campaign by Ministers and police forces, there is currently little action being taken to investigate or stop breast-ironing from taking place" (para 10). "Maria Miller, Conservative MP and chairman of the Women and Equalities Select Committee, said: 'I think public service providers have to have the support to challenge what are abusive and barbaric practices'" (para 11). "Community workers in London, Yorkshire, Essex and the West...more
June 13, 2020, 10:35 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Current national legislation does not address medicalised FGM in Cameroon. While the Penal Code exempts genital mutilation by a ‘qualified person’ (but does not include a definition of ‘qualified’), under the Law Relating to the Organization and Practice of Medicine 19905, any person engaged in the practice of medicine in Cameroon shall be subject to registration with the Medical Association. It could be assumed, therefore, that any persons registered with the Medical Association of Cameroon may be regarded as a ‘qualified person’ within the meaning of Section 277–1(4) of the Penal Code" (3). "It is also unclear from the Penal Code whether FGM is criminalised or not when it is...more
June 13, 2020, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There are no specific laws or legal provisions against female genital mutilation in Latin America" (para 13)
June 13, 2020, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) - No information found" (15). The International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children's country report for Brazil indicates that no information could be found regarding female genital mutilation within the country's legal framework (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
June 10, 2020, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The website of the Afghan Ministry of Justice contains the Penal Code in Dari and Pashto, published in the Official Gazette on 15 May 2017...The Afghanistan Public Policy Research Organization (APPRO) describes itself as an independent research institute based in Kabul, which is registered as a non-governmental organization with the Afghan Ministry of Economic Affairs. In a July 2018 report APPRO states as follows: 'Afghanistan’s Penal Code was revised and officially Gazetted in an extraordinary issue (1260) on May 15, 2017 by the Presidential Decree No. 256, pursuant to Article 79 of the Constitution. Nine months after its promulgation, during which judges and attorneys had an opportunity to become acquainted...more
June 10, 2020, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically address FGM" (2)
May 26, 2020, 2:03 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Stalking, forced marriage and female genital mutilation have been criminalised."
May 26, 2020, 1:47 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Russia does not have a specific law banning female genital mutilation (FGM) and a fully-fledged probe into the case would be a first for the country."