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Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Article 124 of the Criminal Code, prohibiting female genital mutilation" (Pg 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, intersex genital mutilation, child marriage and forced marriage" (Pg 7).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The following steps have been taken against the above practice: 1) Conviction, in 2009, of 241 persons for excision and complicity in excision (according to data concerning the country’s district courts as a whole); 2) Implementation of a joint programme between Burkina Faso and Mali and a related action plan, 2009-2013, for encouraging the termination of the cross-border practice of female circumcision; 3) Adoption by the United Nations General Assembly of draft resolution A/C.3/67/L.21, dated 17 October 2012, on intensifying global efforts for the elimination of female genital mutilations, based on an initial proposal submitted by Burkina Faso; 4) On 2-10 February 2012, commemoration of the International Day of Zero ...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: . . . (b) Third national action programme for the elimination of female genital mutilation (2014-2017)" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the recent amendments to the Penal Code specifically criminalizing female genital mutilation. However, the Committee is concerned about the reports that that crime is being committed against its citizens or residents abroad, and regrets the lack of information concerning the application of extraterritorial jurisdiction in the State party with respect to that crime. The Committee ...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Children’s Law of 2011, which partly addresses female genital mutilation" (2). While this law does not expressly outlaw female genital mutilation, it could possibly be punished under this law (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize ...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"It is further concerned at the practice of female genital mutilation in some indigenous communities, including the Embera community, as well as at the insufficient measures taken to eliminate this practice, illustrated by its non-prohibition by law" (Pg 3-4).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption, since the consideration in 1994 of the State party’s second periodic report (CEDAW/C/SEN/2), of the following legislative measures: . . . (d) Law No. 99-05 of 29 January 1999 amending the Penal Code to criminalize the crimes of rape, female genital mutilation, assault and battery, and incest. The Committee also notes with appreciation the adoption of a second national action plan to accelerate the elimination of female genital mutilation, covering the period 2010-2015, and the establishment of a national observatory for parity in 2011" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 99-05 of 29 January 1999 criminalizing female genital mutilation and of ...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) Strategic plan for the acceleration of the eradication of female genital mutilation for 2012-2016" (2). "While noting the entrenched cultural underpinning of female genital mutilation and its prohibition under the Reproductive Health Act of 2000 and the Child Code of 2008, the Committee is deeply concerned about the persisting very high incidence of female genital mutilation" (7). "It notes the interministerial module on HIV/AIDS, prevention of child marriage, early pregnancy and female genital mutilation, designed ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"An evaluation of the Action Plan for Combating Female Genital Mutilation (2008-2011) shows the measures contribute to an increased focus on targeted health information, preventive health efforts and the provision of health care when needed in connection with female genital mutilation. The Action Plan Against Forced Marriage, Female Genital Mutilation and Severe Restrictions on Young People’s Freedom (2013-2016) follows up on earlier action plans from 2012 and for the 2008-2011 period. The action plan is coordinated by the Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion. Plan measures include an assessment of how to reach relevant groups with effective, accurate information to prevent female genital mutilation" (19). "In the Government’s political ...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Cultural resistance from traditional practicing communities has a posed a major setback to the realization of the provisions of the Prohibition of FGM Act. The National Government working with County governments in supporting initiatives on ending harmful traditional practices and facilitating grass-roots efforts that focus on changing the mindset of practicing communities. One such initiative is the Tasaru Ntomonok Initiative (TNI). TNI was instrumental in the conviction of the father of 12 year old Sasiano Nchoe who bled to death following the practice, together with her circumciser. The unprecedented court ruling that took place in 2010, was based on the Children’s Act of 2001" (9). "...the Prohibition of Female Genital ...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The NGO CONIPRAT is supporting the Government by raising awareness of the harmful effects of female genital mutilation and unwanted pregnancies throughout the country but especially in nomadic areas and along the river. As a result, many women have put away their knives and embarked on income -generating activities" (pg 22). "Punishments for female genital mutilation are dealt with in articles 232.1 to 232.3" (pg 24).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"It also takes note of the information that the State party intends to enact implementing regulations on female genital mutilation under the Child Law...Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned that female genital mutilation is not specifically criminalized" (6).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In 2013 the Östergötland County Administrative Board and the National Board of Health and Welfare were commissioned to do preventive work against female genital mutilation. These commissions include action targeted on healthcare and a study intended to obtain information about how many are at risk of being subjected to female genital mutilation. In addition, proposals are to be developed as to how agencies and services can do preventive work and work with protection and support in cases where a girl or woman risks being subjected to female genital mutilation. Reports on the commissions are to be presented in 2015" (page 19).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee […] notes with concern […] he persistent practice of female genital mutilation and the lenient sentencing policy in the State party, including failure to systematically apply the minimum penalty of six months imprisonment to perpetrators and the excessive use of conditional sentencing," (6).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is a criminal act in all states and territories of the country, and these laws apply extraterritorially to protect citizens or residents from being subjected to FGM/C overseas" (14).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No specific law prohibits this practice" (36). This refers specifically to female genital mutilation and cutting, FGM/C (AA-CODER COMMENT). "There were no reports of international or governmental efforts to prevent or address the practice" (37).
Jan. 13, 2018, 7:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The procedure has been illegal to perform in the U.S. since 1996, and it is outlawed in African countries including Guinea-Bissau and Burkina Faso. Still, according to a 2016 report from the Population Reference Bureau, "it remains a significant harmful tradition for millions of girl and women" (para 12). "States have considered implementing measures of their own. Last month, Minnesota's House approved a measure that would create new penalties for doctors. Legislation approved by the Michigan Senate would make genital mutilation punishable by up to 15 years in prison" (para 14). "In 2013 it became illegal in the U.S. to knowingly transport a girl out of the country for cutting" ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"A 2001 ministerial decree prohibited FGM in Yemen, but health officials say they couldn't monitor the decree's application in all medical facilities" (Slide 29).
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Several states in Sudan managed to pass laws prohibiting all forms of FGM/C" (Slide 27).
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In Kurdistan the parliament passed a law in 2011 banning the practice of FGM" (Slide 30).
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM has been illegal in Egypt since 2008" (slide 7).
Dec. 14, 2017, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In 2010, the Uganda Government passed the Prohibition of FGM Act, which criminalized the practice" (para 10).
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:51 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The mandatory reporting requirement has been imposed on everyone working in regulated professions, such as teachers and health care workers, since 2015" (para 12). "Mandatory reporting does not refer to cases where a girl might be at risk of FGM or where FGM has not yet been performed; it also does not apply to cases where a woman older than 18 undergoes female cutting" (para 13). "This question is particularly pertinent amid the new FGM protection orders that were introduced in the 2015 legislation, called the Serious Crime Act. These orders allow courts wide powers to protect those deemed at risk of undergoing FGM. Judges can revoke passports to prevent ...more
Oct. 20, 2017, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"While the former President Dr. Goodluck Jonathan was considered to have failed to effectively address the Boko Haram insurgency, in a bold exit move, he also left a legacy for the women of Nigeria, when he signed the Violence Against Persons (Prohibition) Act 2015 on May 25, 2015. The Act prohibits FGM, spousal battery, among other violations" (para 12).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In Canada, FGM was added to the Criminal Code under aggravated assault in 1997" (para 3). "Canada has recently given $350,000 to a small Quebec organization to fight FGM in at-risk communities, but critics say little has been done to understand the problem’s scope and that Canada is lagging far behind other developed countries in prevention. Experts say there is a lack of support services available for women living with the physical and psychological effects of FGM, regardless of when and where it happened to them" (para 17).
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Kenya outlawed the procedure in 2011"(para 12)
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Although genital mutilation was made illegal in Egypt in 2008, it remains heavily interwoven in the fabric of the Muslim-majority society" (para 10).
July 28, 2017, 8:04 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"She said the government's involvement in the global report [on FGM] was a good sign of increasing awareness of the practice, which is illegal and deemed a violation of human rights in several countries" (para 6). "In response, the Health Ministry softened its stance, issuing regulations that said the practice should only be done by medical professionals in a noninvasive way that did not injure girls and women. However, in 2013, the ministry revoked its regulations on female circumcision. The ministry's director general of mother and child health and nutrition supervision, Anung Sugihantono, said the government did not acknowledge female genital mutilation as a medical practice. The reasoning behind it ...more
July 4, 2017, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"while female genital mutilation was a crime under federal and many state laws, there were few investigations or prosecutions stemming from it — because of underreporting and other problems" (p 6)
June 9, 2017, 8:02 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"I knew it was illegal in the United States, and it has been banned" (4). This is a quote from a social worker in the US who was cut in India at 3:38 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).