The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law states that any act or attempt to damage a girl’s sexual organs is punishable by imprisonment and a fine of 120,000 to 300,000 ouguiyas ($338 to $845)" (p. 17).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in hospitals and clinics but does not explicitly ban the practice in country. There were no reliable statistics on the prevalence of FGM/C, but some reports suggest it is practiced in the country to varying degrees. According to press reports, a 2010 Ministry of Health study on FGM/C found that men and women across all ages broadly accepted the practice, especially in rural areas. In the southern Dhofar region, FGM/C reportedly was performed on newborns and involved a partial or total clitoridectomy (Type I as defined by the World Health Organization). Throughout the rest of the country, FGM/C usually consisted of a minor...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In 2015 the Supreme Court directed all private hospitals to provide medical assistance to victims of acid attacks. Implementation of the policy began in Chennai in 2016. In April the government announced that acid attack victims were to be included in the provisions of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016. In July 2016 the central government launched a revised Central Victim Compensation Fund scheme to reduce disparities in compensation for victims of crime including rape, acid attacks, crime against children, and human trafficking" (38).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"On May 25, the government enacted the Violence Against Persons Prohibition (VAPP) Act. It addresses sexual violence, physical violence, psychological violence, harmful traditional practices, and socioeconomic violence. Under the VAPP, spousal battery, forceful ejection from home, forced financial dependence or economic abuse, harmful widowhood practices, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), harmful traditional practices, substance attacks (such as acid attacks), political violence, and violence by state actors (especially government security forces) are offenses. Victims and survivors of violence are entitled to comprehensive medical, psychological, social, and legal assistance by accredited service providers and government agencies, with their identities protected during court cases. The act makes the National Agency for the Prohibition of...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C, which is punishable by six months to three years in prison. If an FGM/C victim dies, the practitioner may be sentenced to 10 to 20 years in prison. There were no reports of FGM/C perpetrated on women age 18 and over. FGM/C was practiced on young girls, with clitoridectomy the most common form. Dangouria, a form of FGM/C found only in Niger, was also common. It consists of cutting away the hymen of newborn girls by traditional barbers known as wanzam. Certain ethnic groups practiced FGM/C, predominantly the Peuhl and Djerma in the west. According to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the FGM/C rate nationwide decreased...more
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Data from the National Police and the Public Prosecutor’s Office show no record of complaints of FGM, which is considered a crime, punishable under the GBV Law as a serious offense to physical integrity (article 23, no. 2), including the punishment of perpetrators even if FGM was practiced outside of Cabo Verde" (10).
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and provides penalties for conviction of performing the procedure, including prison sentences of up to 10 years and fines of up to six million CFA francs ($10,050)" (p. 14).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for girls and women… Penalties for those convicted of FGM/C range from five to 10 years’ imprisonment as well as substantial fines; repeat offenders face longer sentences"(p. 11).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not prohibit female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), although a 2001 ministerial directive banned the practice in government institutions and medical facilities, according to Human Rights Watch" (36).
May 27, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C. Perpetrators, if convicted, are subject to a fine of 150,000 to 900,000 CFA francs ($278 to $1,654) and imprisonment of six months to three years, or up to 10 years if the victim dies" (p. 17).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The forty-seventh Criminal Law Amendment Act (2013), which makes female genital mutilation a separate criminal offence under section 226a of the Criminal Code" (2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including the forty-seventh Criminal Law Amendment Act (2013) prohibiting female genital mutilation and the establishment of an inter-ministerial working group on intersexuality/transsexuality" (7).
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls. The maximum penalty for performing FGM/C in the country or taking a girl to another country to undergo the procedure is a fine of up to 10,000 euros ($12,000), imprisonment for up to 14 years, or both" (12).
April 29, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The FGM Law has been amended to increase the penalty of the person operating FGM surgery from 5-7 years of imprisonment instead of 3 months - 3 years. The penalty also changed from misdemeanor to felony. The penalty for the person accompanying a girl in FGM operations increased from one year to three years of imprisonment" (12).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2009 of the State party’s third periodic report (CEDAW/C/CHE/CO/3) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following: (…) b) Article 124 of the Criminal Code, prohibiting female genital mutilation" (2).
April 24, 2019, 11:38 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no legislation banning the practice" (p. 19).
April 22, 2019, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not address FGM/C, although the Ministry of Health prohibits hospitals and clinics from performing the procedure" (p. 24).
April 20, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C and authorizes courts to prosecute residents of the country who have committed this crime in the country or anywhere in the world. Doctors must ask parents in the country to sign a declaration promising their daughter(s) will not undergo FGM/C when they visit countries where the practice is common. Once a family returns to the country, a doctor, who can start legal action against the parents if examination finds that the minors underwent FGM/C during their trip, must examine the girl(s) again" (p. 12).
April 18, 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"It is a crime punishable by up to 12 years’ imprisonment" (p. 14).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Act No. 98-757 of 23 December 1998 penalizing female genital mutilation has been enforced since 2012" (6). "Côte d’Ivoire has taken numerous measures to implement United Nations General Assembly resolution 67/146 on intensifying global efforts for the elimination of female genital mutilation. A campaign on zero tolerance for female genital mutilation was launched in 2013 and actions to strengthen the enforcement of Act No. 98-757 of 23 December 1998 on female genital mutilation have been initiated in support of legal professionals and the prefectural authorities" (14).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes FGM/C and states, 'the cutting or removing of the two sides of female genitalia leads to ‘diyeh’ (financial penalty or blood money) equal to half the full amount of ‘diyeh’ for the woman’s life' (33).
April 8, 2019, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is a crime punishable under the law" (p. 11).
April 5, 2019, 8:26 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C. The law also requires health and social care professionals and teachers to report to police cases of FGM/C on girls less than 18 years of age. It is also illegal to take abroad a British national or permanent resident for FGM/C or to help someone trying to do this. The penalty is up to 14 years in prison. An FGM protection order, a civil measure that can be applied for through a family court, offers the means of protecting actual or potential victims from FGM/C under the civil law. Breach of an FGM protection order is a criminal offense carrying a sentence of up to five...more
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits health care practitioners and parents and guardians from performing 'traditional practices' that may harm the health of a child, but does not explicitly ban female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)… The government held outreach events at mosques, hospitals, and schools and aired television programs about the harm “traditional practices” may have on children" (14).
April 1, 2019, 7:42 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In the kingdom the law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls; the maximum penalty for FGM/C is 12 years in prison" (p. 11).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C" (47).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C. According to press reports from 2011, some cases of FGM/C were prosecuted as unlawful wounding" (para 84).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C, although the government maintained that a 2011 law protecting children against all forms of violence also proscribes FGM/C" (23).
March 22, 2019, 8:47 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C of women and girls and prosecutes the offense as aggravated assault with a maximum penalty of 14 years’ imprisonment. Persons committing or aiding another person to commit the offense may be charged with criminal negligence causing bodily harm (maximum penalty of 10 years’ imprisonment) or criminal negligence causing death (maximum penalty of life imprisonment). Persons convicted of removing or assisting the removal of a child who is ordinarily a resident in the country to have FGM/C performed on the child may face a maximum penalty of five years’ imprisonment." (p. 10).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"There is no law against FGM/C" (para 188).
March 20, 2019, 7:36 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The practice is a criminal act in all states and territories of the country, and these laws apply extraterritoriality to protect citizens or residents from being subjected to FGM/C overseas. Penalties vary greatly across states and territories, ranging from imprisonment from seven to 21 years" (p. 12).