The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-LAW-1

June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the National Plan of Action to Combat Female Genital Mutilation (2001-2015), the criminalization of female genital mutilation performed on girls under 18 years of age, the establishment of a national secretariat on the elimination of female genital mutilation and the intensification of related education, training and awareness-raising programmes and campaigns. It also notes recent initiatives to engage with traditional leaders and their communities to denounce female genital mutilation and support children to undergo alternative rites of passage. The Committee is, however, concerned about: . . . (d) The fact that it remains legal for women above 18 years of age to be subjected to female genital mutilation"...more
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is illegal and punishable by up to 10 years’ imprisonment" (15).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C, but girls in isolated zones in ethnic Venda communities in the Northeast were subjected to the practice" (32).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the enactment of the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act of 2011. It remains concerned, however, that this harmful practice continues to be common in some communities" (5)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved...in particular the adoption of the...Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act, in 2011" (1-2)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is not specifically prohibited in the criminal code," (53).
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C as 'violence involving mutilation or permanent infirmity.' It is punishable by up to 10 years in prison (20 years if it involves a minor under the age of 15 and when the offence is committed by any person with authority over the minor) and a fine of 150,000 euros ($165,000). The law also criminalizes inciting a minor to undergo FGM and inciting another person to perform FGM. Both are punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment and a fine of up to 75,000 euros ($82,500). The government provides reconstructive surgery and counseling for FGM/C victims" (16-17).
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Tanzanian Special Provision Act, a 1998 amendment to the penal code, specifically prohibits FGC/M (National Legislative Bodies, 1998)" (page 357). "Although the Government of Tanzania officially discourages the tradition of FGC/M, it is still performed in some parts of the country. The government, in collaboration with various stakeholders, is committed to eradicating female genital mutilation or cutting by creating awareness of the practice and its negative consequences" (page 358). "Although the decrease in FGC/M prevalence among younger age cohorts may be the result of an actual decline in the practice, it also may reflect, at least in part, underreporting of the practice given that it has been prohibited by...more
May 29, 2018, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The practice is illegal in the UK and it is compulsory for family doctors, hospitals and mental health trusts to report any new cases in their patients. FGM - intentionally altering or injuring the female external genitalia for non-medical reasons - carries a sentence of up to 14 years in jail" (para 4-5). "Wendy Preston, from the Royal College of Nursing, said: "Mandatory reporting and compulsory sex-and-relationships education are important weapons in the fight against FGM, and school nurses play a vital role in both educating children and young women, and spotting those who may be at risk" (para 16).
May 29, 2018, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The law prohibits FGM/C for women and girls. The maximum penalty for performing FGM/C in the country or taking a girl to another country to undergo the procedure is a fine of up to 10,000 euros ($11,000), imprisonment for up to 14 years, or both...Police, Health Service Executive (the country’s public health service), Tusla, a child and family agency formed in 2014, and NGOs were on heightened alert during school holidays. Teachers have begun receiving training in detecting signs that a child is in danger of FGM/C and are legally obligated to report to police or child protection services if a girl may be in danger or if FGM/C has...more
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s sixth periodic report (CEDAW/C/NGA/6), in particular the adoption of the following...Cross River State Law to Prohibit Girl-Child Marriages and Female Genital Circumcision or Genital Mutilation, in 2009." (1).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Australian Government does not tolerate female genital mutilation (FGM). It is a criminal offence in all states and territories to perform FGM, and to remove a child from the state or territory in which they live for the purpose of performing FGM. The maximum penalties range from seven to 21 years imprisonment" (Pg 37).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Article 124 of the Criminal Code, prohibiting female genital mutilation" (Pg 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, intersex genital mutilation, child marriage and forced marriage" (Pg 7).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The following steps have been taken against the above practice: 1) Conviction, in 2009, of 241 persons for excision and complicity in excision (according to data concerning the country’s district courts as a whole); 2) Implementation of a joint programme between Burkina Faso and Mali and a related action plan, 2009-2013, for encouraging the termination of the cross-border practice of female circumcision; 3) Adoption by the United Nations General Assembly of draft resolution A/C.3/67/L.21, dated 17 October 2012, on intensifying global efforts for the elimination of female genital mutilations, based on an initial proposal submitted by Burkina Faso; 4) On 2-10 February 2012, commemoration of the International Day of Zero...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: . . . (b) Third national action programme for the elimination of female genital mutilation (2014-2017)" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the recent amendments to the Penal Code specifically criminalizing female genital mutilation. However, the Committee is concerned about the reports that that crime is being committed against its citizens or residents abroad, and regrets the lack of information concerning the application of extraterritorial jurisdiction in the State party with respect to that crime. The Committee...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Children’s Law of 2011, which partly addresses female genital mutilation" (2). While this law does not expressly outlaw female genital mutilation, it could possibly be punished under this law (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"It is further concerned at the practice of female genital mutilation in some indigenous communities, including the Embera community, as well as at the insufficient measures taken to eliminate this practice, illustrated by its non-prohibition by law" (Pg 3-4).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption, since the consideration in 1994 of the State party’s second periodic report (CEDAW/C/SEN/2), of the following legislative measures: . . . (d) Law No. 99-05 of 29 January 1999 amending the Penal Code to criminalize the crimes of rape, female genital mutilation, assault and battery, and incest. The Committee also notes with appreciation the adoption of a second national action plan to accelerate the elimination of female genital mutilation, covering the period 2010-2015, and the establishment of a national observatory for parity in 2011" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 99-05 of 29 January 1999 criminalizing female genital mutilation and of...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) Strategic plan for the acceleration of the eradication of female genital mutilation for 2012-2016" (2). "While noting the entrenched cultural underpinning of female genital mutilation and its prohibition under the Reproductive Health Act of 2000 and the Child Code of 2008, the Committee is deeply concerned about the persisting very high incidence of female genital mutilation" (7). "It notes the interministerial module on HIV/AIDS, prevention of child marriage, early pregnancy and female genital mutilation, designed...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"An evaluation of the Action Plan for Combating Female Genital Mutilation (2008-2011) shows the measures contribute to an increased focus on targeted health information, preventive health efforts and the provision of health care when needed in connection with female genital mutilation. The Action Plan Against Forced Marriage, Female Genital Mutilation and Severe Restrictions on Young People’s Freedom (2013-2016) follows up on earlier action plans from 2012 and for the 2008-2011 period. The action plan is coordinated by the Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion. Plan measures include an assessment of how to reach relevant groups with effective, accurate information to prevent female genital mutilation" (19). "In the Government’s political...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"Cultural resistance from traditional practicing communities has a posed a major setback to the realization of the provisions of the Prohibition of FGM Act. The National Government working with County governments in supporting initiatives on ending harmful traditional practices and facilitating grass-roots efforts that focus on changing the mindset of practicing communities. One such initiative is the Tasaru Ntomonok Initiative (TNI). TNI was instrumental in the conviction of the father of 12 year old Sasiano Nchoe who bled to death following the practice, together with her circumciser. The unprecedented court ruling that took place in 2010, was based on the Children’s Act of 2001" (9). "...the Prohibition of Female Genital...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The NGO CONIPRAT is supporting the Government by raising awareness of the harmful effects of female genital mutilation and unwanted pregnancies throughout the country but especially in nomadic areas and along the river. As a result, many women have put away their knives and embarked on income -generating activities" (pg 22). "Punishments for female genital mutilation are dealt with in articles 232.1 to 232.3" (pg 24).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"It also takes note of the information that the State party intends to enact implementing regulations on female genital mutilation under the Child Law...Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned that female genital mutilation is not specifically criminalized" (6).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"In 2013 the Östergötland County Administrative Board and the National Board of Health and Welfare were commissioned to do preventive work against female genital mutilation. These commissions include action targeted on healthcare and a study intended to obtain information about how many are at risk of being subjected to female genital mutilation. In addition, proposals are to be developed as to how agencies and services can do preventive work and work with protection and support in cases where a girl or woman risks being subjected to female genital mutilation. Reports on the commissions are to be presented in 2015" (page 19).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee […] notes with concern […] he persistent practice of female genital mutilation and the lenient sentencing policy in the State party, including failure to systematically apply the minimum penalty of six months imprisonment to perpetrators and the excessive use of conditional sentencing," (6).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"FGM/C is a criminal act in all states and territories of the country, and these laws apply extraterritorially to protect citizens or residents from being subjected to FGM/C overseas" (14).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"No specific law prohibits this practice" (36). This refers specifically to female genital mutilation and cutting, FGM/C (AA-CODER COMMENT). "There were no reports of international or governmental efforts to prevent or address the practice" (37).
Jan. 13, 2018, 7:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"The procedure has been illegal to perform in the U.S. since 1996, and it is outlawed in African countries including Guinea-Bissau and Burkina Faso. Still, according to a 2016 report from the Population Reference Bureau, "it remains a significant harmful tradition for millions of girl and women" (para 12). "States have considered implementing measures of their own. Last month, Minnesota's House approved a measure that would create new penalties for doctors. Legislation approved by the Michigan Senate would make genital mutilation punishable by up to 15 years in prison" (para 14). "In 2013 it became illegal in the U.S. to knowingly transport a girl out of the country for cutting"...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1

"A 2001 ministerial decree prohibited FGM in Yemen, but health officials say they couldn't monitor the decree's application in all medical facilities" (Slide 29).