The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Dawoodi Bohras have recently made FGM-related headlines. A Detroit emergency room doctor charged in April with alleged performing of FGM on 100 young girls is a Dawoodi Bohra. The doctor, Jumana Nagarwala, is in jail awaiting trial" (para 9). "Titled 'Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the Dawoodi Bohra Community,' the Sahiyo study surveyed 385 Dawoodi Bohra women across the globe, including women in Canada, the U.S., Australia and the United Kingdom, in an attempt to shed light where 'little or no data' exists. It aims to inform policy makers and health professionals in order to 'end the practice,' the study said, that has left most of its participants with ...more
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: India, Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"For this story, the Star also spoke with three local Dawoodi Bohra women who described what it’s like to undergo khatna in their native countries of India and Kenya at the hands of 'practitioners,' not doctors, in non-medical environments such as kitchens, with unsterile razors" (para 12).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Titled 'Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the Dawoodi Bohra Community,' the Sahiyo study surveyed 385 Dawoodi Bohra women across the globe, including women in Canada, the U.S., Australia and the United Kingdom, in an attempt to shed light where 'little or no data' exists. It aims to inform policy makers and health professionals in order to 'end the practice,' the study said, that has left most of its participants with emotional scars — anger, haunting memories and frustration in their sexual lives" (para 21).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2016, a Dawoodi Bohra priest in Sydney, Australia, was convicted for his role in performing FGM" (para 9). "Titled 'Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the Dawoodi Bohra Community,' the Sahiyo study surveyed 385 Dawoodi Bohra women across the globe, including women in Canada, the U.S., Australia and the United Kingdom, in an attempt to shed light where 'little or no data' exists. It aims to inform policy makers and health professionals in order to 'end the practice,' the study said, that has left most of its participants with emotional scars — anger, haunting memories and frustration in their sexual lives" (para 21).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Women from a small Muslim sect called the Dawoodi Bohras have reported that female genital mutilation has been performed on them in Canada, a study given to the federal government reveals. The first research of its kind to probe the practice within this tightly knit South Asian community, the study found that 80 per cent of Bohra women surveyed have undergone FGM and two of the study’s 18 Canadian participants said it happened within Canada’s borders" (para 1-2). "The researcher’s findings show that more than 80 per cent of the 385 Dawoodi Bohra women surveyed — including all 18 Canadian participants — want the practice to end and would not ...more
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In a remote, deeply traditional corner of southern Kenya, thousands of young Maasai girls wearing black and white robes and with blood sprinkled on their foreheads dance in the light of dawn. Loudly, enthusiastically, they sing traditional songs with the support of a choir and gifted drummers. In the town of Entasopia, the girls are undergoing a rite of passage that resembles the tribe’s customary coming-of-age ceremony—but without the usual horror of genital mutilation"(para 1)."[Joan] Siyuama is among many Maasai girls who are bucking a tradition that has disfigured millions of their ancestors. For the Maasai community, traditional culture permeates every aspect of daily life. Until recently, that culture dictated ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Islamic University of Al Azhar, the highest academic center of Sunni Islam, has joined the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate in Egypt in the fight against the epidemic of female genital mutilation. Fides News Agency reported that Coptic Orthodox Patriarch Tawadros II and Sheikh Ahmed al Tayyeb, imam of al-Azhar, signed a joint statement on Monday committing their fight against the many abuses children in Egypt suffer" (para 2-3). "As many as 850 leaders of churches and mosques, including imam, priests, monks, and pastoral workers are expected to attend preparation courses that will allow them to engage more effectively and lead the fight against 'genital mutilation'" (para 5). "Although genital mutilation ...more
July 31, 2017, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Zehra Patwa learned only a few years ago that during a family trip to India at age 7, she was circumcised, which is common for girls in parts of Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Patwa, 46, doesn’t remember undergoing the procedure, which is also called female genital mutilation or cutting and which has been condemned by the United Nations and outlawed in the U.S. But she doesn’t want to. (para 1-2). "A spokesman for the Syedna, the Bohras’ religious head in Mumbai, India, could not be reached for comment. The two men vying to succeed the Syedna, his half brother and the son of a former Syedna, have different ...more
July 31, 2017, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The recent arrest of a Michigan doctor accused of performing the procedure on two 7-year-old girls from Patwa’s own Shiite Muslim sect, the Dawoodi Bohra, highlights how female genital mutilation is alive and well in parts of the Western world where its adherents have migrated and formed communities" (para 4). "Dr. Jumana Nagarwala is accused of performing the procedure on two Minnesota girls that left them with scars and lacerations. Her attorney, Shannon Smith, insists that Nagarwala conducted a benign religious ritual that involved no mutilation. Prosecutors on Friday charged two other Bohras, Dr. Fakhruddin Attar and his wife, Farida Attar, with conspiracy. Fakhruddin Attar owns the Detroit-area clinic where ...more
July 28, 2017, 8:04 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM in Indonesia is strongly related to culture and religion. In Gorontalo, girls are circumcised before their third birthday in a traditional ceremony called mongubingu, as proof of their compliance to Islam. Indonesian authorities tried to ban FGM 10 years ago, but the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) issued a fatwa saying that female circumcision was part of religious practice" (para 9-10).
July 4, 2017, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"while female genital mutilation was a crime under federal and many state laws, there were few investigations or prosecutions stemming from it — because of underreporting and other problems" (p 6)
July 4, 2017, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A Detroit emergency room doctor has been charged with performing genital mutilation on young girls in what is believed to be the first criminal case of its kind brought by U.S. prosecutors...3. The Justice Department said the case [of FGM in Detroit] is believed to be the first brought under the particular U.S. law that criminalized female genital mutilation" (p 1, 3)
July 4, 2017, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"According to the complaint against Nagarwala [a doctor reportedly performing FGM on girls], members of a particular religious and cultural community are known to use the procedure — which some see as a way to curb sexuality in girls. The complaint did not identify the community but said Nagarwala was a part of it" (p 7)
June 9, 2017, 7:59 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A conviction in Australia in November, where a nurse and a mother are set to go to jail has led to chatter within the community" (para 24).
June 9, 2017, 7:57 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Young girls aged six and seven are regularly being cut right here, in India. Mumbai abounds with untrained midwives who continue to scar young girls from the Bohra community, a Shia sub sect" (para 2). "For long, FGM or khatna as the Bohras call it remained a well-kept secret, a taboo, a subject never to be discussed. But now a few women – victims at the hands of the Bohra tradition – are choosing to speak out and create awareness" (para 3). "'We went into this dark decrepit building. I remember being taken into a room. The curtains were drawn. She said lie down. Like an obedient child, I lay. ...more
June 8, 2017, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"It’s not just Kenyan girls that are cut as FGM is known. British girls with family ties to Kenya are also brought here during their school holidays" (1). At 1:04 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "FGM is of course as illegal back in Britain as it is here in Kenya but the law in both countries seems powerless in the face of centuries of this torturous cultural practice" (1). At 1:42 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
June 8, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of cutting is handed down through the same family through generations from mother to daughter and so on. They think of themselves as being arbitrators of a moral code, not just for these families, but for the community as a whole" (1). This is an introduction from the narrator at 0:02 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "'We are doing it because it is important to us because when girls don’t get cut when they are young, they chase after boys when they are young and we don’t want that. We don’t want them to get spoiled; that’s why we do it'" (1). This is a quote from a Kenyan ...more
June 8, 2017, 9:35 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"At only nine, Amel – who dreams of being a lawyer one day – is adamant not to be circumcised. ‘I would like to participate and get all my friends engaging to encourage my community against FGM, to raise their awareness and eradicate the practice from the whole world,’ she told Plan’s researchers" (para 1). "Salwa, 37, did not have her daughters circumcised despite her mother-in-law’s pressure. ‘I had a horrible experience when I was circumcised at the age of nine. I was injured, bleeding and hurting a lot.’ After attending classes raising awareness about the issue, Salwa convinced her husband not to have their girls cut, she told Plan ...more
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Approximately 80 percent of the girls who are at risk originated in Egypt, Somalia, Ethiopia/Eritrea, and Kurdish Iraq. The study noted that, for a number of these girls, the risk of FGM/C was real only when they visited their home countries" (13). "Safe Home has the legal obligation to investigate reports of child abuse and can refer cases to law enforcement. The Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport continued funding for the Pharos Center to run a project to prevent and counter FGM/C that included conducting research, improving medical procedures for victims, and training professionals on how to deal with the problem. Pharos also operated Focal Point, which functioned as ...more
March 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In November 2014 the government-run National Committee for the Abandonment of Harmful Practices announced it filed a complaint against six persons for perpetrating FGM/C. Three of the six were convicted during the year and received sentences of one to three years’ imprisonment" (10).
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In two trial cases, the judges handed down only light suspended sentences to the perpetrators" (21). "Social pressure to adhere to FGM/C customs was intense, and many families believed the stigma and social consequences of not conforming were more harmful than the procedure" (21). "More than 60 health facilities had integrated FGM/C prevention into prenatal, neonatal, and immunization services. A trend for medically trained staff to perform FGM/C under more hygienic conditions continued" (22).
March 9, 2017, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Intervention programs were partially successful in reducing the prevalence of FGM/C, particularly in the northern regions. Local NGOs continued educational campaigns to encourage abandonment of FGM/C and to train practitioners for alternative employment" (14).
March 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C affected segments of the immigrant population and their German-born children, although official statistics were limited" (18).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is illegal, but the government did not actively enforce this prohibition or punish those who practiced it" (27). "The government strategy for combatting this practice focused on community education rather than punitive measures, which had been seen to drive the practice underground in other countries" (27). "No criminal charges, however, have ever been brought for FGM/C. The government’s strategy was to discourage the practice through education in public schools, the Health Extension Program, and broader mass media campaigns rather than to prosecute offenders. International bilateral donors and private organizations were active in community education efforts to reduce the prevalence of FGM/C, following the government’s lead of sensitization rather than ...more
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In late 2014 the government convicted two women for the first time on charges of committing FGM/C. Both women--one the excisor (cutter), the other the mother of the victim--received sixmonth suspended sentences. The law also provides for up to one year’s imprisonment and a fine of up to 100,000 DJF ($565) for anyone convicted of failing to report a completed or planned FGM/C to the proper authorities; however, the government had punished no one under this statute" (19). "According to government ministries, NGOs, and informal conversations with women, efforts by the UNFD and other groups to educate women were reportedly effective in lessening the incidence of FGM/C in the capital, ...more
Feb. 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The government successfully prosecuted some FGM/C cases during the year" (21).
Feb. 6, 2017, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Chad, Guinea, Sierra Leone
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In Guinea, Sierra Leone and Chad, substantially more men than women want FGM/C to end" (115).
Feb. 3, 2017, 10:19 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

In Guinea-Bissau, 50% of women aged 45 to 49 have undergone FGM/C and 48% of girls aged 15 to 19 have undergone FGM/C (101).
Feb. 2, 2017, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"By contrast, in Egypt (DHS 2008), the mean age at cutting is around 10 years" (85).
Feb. 2, 2017, 6:31 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

Among girls and women aged 15 to 49 years who have undergone FGM/C in Tanzania, 16% are reluctant adherents, 12% are willing adherents, 4% are contemplators, 2% are reluctant abandoners, and 66% are willing abandoners (83).