The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-PRACTICE-1

June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"According to a 2008 World Health Organization study, 29.6 percent of girls and women ages 15 to 49 had undergone FGM/C, and the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reported in 2013 that 14 percent of girls from newborn to age 14 had undergone FGM/C. The age at which women and girls were subjected to the practice varied from the first week of life until after a woman delivered her first child. Most victims were subjected to FGM/C before their first birthday. The highest prevalence among adult women was in the South (77 percent), followed by the Southeast (68 percent) and Southwest (65 percent), and was practiced on a smaller scale in...more
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1, INFIB-DATA-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"The law prohibits FGM/C, which is punishable by six months to three years in prison. If an FGM/C victim dies, the practitioner may be sentenced to 10 to 20 years in prison. There were no reports of FGM/C perpetrated on women age 18 and over. FGM/C was practiced on young girls, with clitoridectomy the most common form. Dangouria, a form of FGM/C found only in Niger, was also common. It consists of cutting away the hymen of newborn girls by traditional barbers known as wanzam. Certain ethnic groups practiced FGM/C, predominantly the Peuhl and Djerma in the west. According to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the FGM/C rate nationwide decreased...more
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"This was operationalized end of 2014, through the 2nd PNVBG, which has a strategic pillar on information, awareness raising and data production, containing measures to promote gender equality and a culture of non-violence; address discriminating cultural and social norms, and deconstruct sexist stereotypes that legitimate inequality and GBV, including female genital mutilation (FGM). Both Education and Media are considered key sectors/actors by the Plan, as well as CSO and men and boys, as key motors for behavioural and attitudinal change. The Plan considers several forms of violence that had not yet been addressed in an integrated way, including FGM" (8). "Trainings on GBV and the GBV Law make reference to...more
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Moreover, the African Women’s Organisation initiated several projects which focused on female genital mutilation and medical and social support and counselling for African women and girls" (17). "Another initiative is the Vienna Action Plan against FGM which focuses on prevention and medical care. In this context, seminars were held for 300 kindergarten teachers, 250 staff members from seven hospital delivery wards and 60 youth social workers" (17).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Most cases occurred in rural areas where awareness of the law was limited or traditional customs among certain ethnic groups took precedence over the legal system. The practice was most common in isolated Muslim communities in the sparsely populated Central Region" (p. 11).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned at the increasing prevalence of violence against women in the northern Caucasus, as well as of harmful practices, such as child and/or forced marriage, abduction of women and girls for forced marriage, crimes in the name of so-called honour, female genital mutilation and polygamy, notwithstanding the criminalization of such practices by federal law" (6).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-SCALE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee further welcomes various measures taken, including legislative amendments, to combat harmful practices, including forced and child marriage, female genital mutilation and crimes in the name of so-called honour" (7).
May 28, 2019, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In March the government introduced an action plan for 2017-20 to combat “negative social control” (restricting children’s freedom to living within family or group norms), forced marriage, and female genital mutilation" (p. 11).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In some coastal areas influenced by cultural practices from the Horn of Africa, such as Mahara and al-Hudaydah, FGM/C practitioners had subjected up to 90 percent of women reportedly to FGM/C. The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) reported in 2012 that 97 percent of FGM/C procedures took place in the home and found Type 2--partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with and without excision of the labia majora--in 83 percent of studied cases" (36). "The Women’s National Committee and the Ministry of Endowments and Religious Guidance provided a manual for religious leaders on women’s health problems, including the negative health consequences of FGM/C. A 2012 UNICEF...more
May 27, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The government also integrated FGM/C prevention in prenatal, neonatal, and immunization services at 35 percent of public health facilities. Government measures taken during the year to combat FGM/C included: the establishment of mobile courts in Tuy Province to try persons accused of FGM/C; creation of a public education Facebook page; distribution to public and private health centers of 322 treatment kits; training 164 Ministry of Education and Literacy officials on ending FGM/C; establishing five high school social networks to address FGM/C in Houet, Kadiogo, and Sanmatenga Provinces; and holding an international day of 'zero tolerance for FGM/C.' The Ministry of Women, National Solidarity, and Family conducted 3,016 awareness activities, including...more
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to combat discriminatory gender stereotypes and harmful practices such as female genital mutilation and crimes in the name of so-called honour, as well as the adoption of the Forced Marriages (Countermeasures) Act, which entered into force in December 2015. Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern that: (...) (d) Women and girls continue to be at risk of female genital mutilation, forced marriage and crimes in the name of so-called honour" (6).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The IKR’s Family Violence Law bans FGM/C, but NGOs reported the practice persisted, particularly in rural areas" (41).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about: (b) The significant number of girls living in the State party, often from migrant families, who have undergone or are at risk of being subjected to female genital mutilation and other harmful practices" (7). "(d) The lack of clear legislative provisions prohibiting the performance of unnecessary medical procedures on infants and children of indeterminate sex until they reach an age at which they are able to provide their free, prior and informed consent; (e) Inadequate support and the lack of effective remedies for intersex persons who have undergone medically unnecessary surgical procedures at a very early age, often with irreversible consequences, resulting in long-term...more
April 29, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The second statement of MP Elhamy Agina was on concerning the issue of female circumcision, as he rejected the intensification of the penalty in FGM cases providing a false justification that men in Egypt are sexually weak and FGM will help" (7).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, intersex genital mutilation, child marriage and forced marriage. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about: (a) Girls living in the State party, often from migrant families, who have undergone or are at risk of being subjected to female genital mutilation and other harmful practices; (b) Information on harmful practices not being readily available, in particular for ethnic minority and migrant women owing to language and cultural. barriers, and the lack of a national comprehensive strategy, in particular to eliminate female genital mutilation, along with limited training for relevant professionals; (c) Insufficient support for...more
April 18, 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C was a problem in some immigrant communities... The Department for Equal Opportunities operated a hotline for victims and other affected parties who requested the support of authorities and NGOs" (P. 14).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Act No. 98-757 of 23 December 1998 penalizing female genital mutilation has been enforced since 2012. Practitioners and sponsors of excision ceremonies have been sentenced in various jurisdictions" (6). "Since January 2012, seven persons have been convicted by the courts of Katiola, Danané, Séguéla, Odienné, Bouaké, Tabou and Man, following the adoption of Act No. 98-757 of 23 December 1998, which criminalizes female genital mutilation" (16). "A baseline survey for the 'Tracking Results Continuously' approach (TRaC) , to be used to monitor and evaluate the abandonment of the practice of female genital mutilation in Côte d’Ivoire, was conducted in 2013 by the National School of Statistics and Applied Economics and...more
April 8, 2019, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The third action plan to prevent and eliminate FGM/C increased awareness of the problem and helped lead to 80 reports in 2016, all involving girls over 15 years of age" (p. 11).
April 1, 2019, 7:42 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport continued funding for the Pharos enter of Expertise on Health for Migrants and Refugees to run a project to prevent and counter FGM/C. Pharos also operated Focal Point, which functioned as a FGM/C knowledge hub for aid workers, law enforcement agencies, policy advisors, and others" (p. 11).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"Local NGOs in Dagestan reported that FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages" (47).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The law does not specifically prohibit FGM/C. According to press reports from 2011, some cases of FGM/C were prosecuted as unlawful wounding" (para 84). "A 2014 UN Human Rights Committee report expressed concern regarding the existence of FGM/C in some regions of the country. A few small ethnic groups practiced FGM/C" (para 84).
March 25, 2019, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

In Tapita, Nimba County, a court case charging negligent homicide, criminal solicitation, and criminal conspiracy was brought against four individuals after 16-year-old Zaye Doe died after she was forced to undergo FGM/C (while being forcibly initiated into the Sande society). The accused were arraigned, but the second hearing of the case was postponed because the prosecuting attorney was ill. The case was later suspended (23).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights issues included extrajudicial killings by police; police abuse, harassment, and intimidation of detainees and others; arbitrary arrest and detention; press harassment; official corruption; lack of accountability in cases of violence against women and children, including rape, domestic violence, and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C); criminalization of same-sex sexual conduct; and trafficking in persons" (1). "No FGM/C perpetrators, however, were fully prosecuted" (23). "There was steady movement in prior years toward limiting or prohibiting the practice. Government officials routinely engaged traditional leaders to underscore the government’s commitment to eliminate FGM/C. The president, minister of internal affairs (as overseer of traditional culture), and the minister of gender, children,...more
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"There were no data on the frequency of FGM/C, although religious leaders called for the practice to be revived in 2014. Local NGOs reported the practice persisted, but societal stigma restricted public discussion of the issue" (23).
March 22, 2019, 8:47 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Refugee status may be granted on the grounds of threatened FGM/C that may be considered gender-related persecution. Provincial child protection authorities may intervene to remove children from their homes if they suspect a risk of FGM/C. Internal government reports obtained by media organizations asserted FGM/C practitioners travelled to a third country to provide the illegal procedure. The government instructed border services officers to monitor baggage for FGM/C equipment and to be aware of young female nationals returning from travel in regions where they may be subjected to the practice" (p. 10 - 11).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"There is no law against FGM/C. Observers provided no reports of FGM/C" (para 188).
March 18, 2019, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In a November 2016 interministerial plan to combat violence against women, the government introduced new measures to prevent genital mutilation and support affected women and girls" (p. 18).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Action plan entitled 'The Right to Decide about One’s Own Life — an Action Plan to Combat Negative Social Control, Forced Marriage and Female Genital Mutilation 2017–2020, in 2017, and other action plans, including: (i) On combating human trafficking; (ii) Against hate speech, aimed at preventing hate speech on all prohibited grounds of discrimination, including gender; (iii) To strengthen investigation and prosecution in the police and the prosecuting authorities, including in relation to cases of gender-based violence against women, in 2016; (iv) Against domestic violence, entitled 'A Life without Violence', for the period from 2014 to 2017" (2).
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In Colombia, female genital mutilation is a form of violence that affects the lives and health of girls and women, specifically those belonging to indigenous peoples. Objective 7 of the 2014–2018 National Development Plan set out two strategies to address female genital mutilation and other harmful practices (Recommendation 14(c)). The first strategy calls for the requisite human and financial resources to be provided so that indigenous peoples and communities can undertake processes of intergenerational dialogue and provide care and follow-up in cases of cases of female genital mutilation, with a view to eradicating the practice, while the second calls for the development of agreed guidelines for the promotion of sexual...more
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against women, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C); early and forced marriage; political marginalization of southern-based (non-Arab) ethnic groups and of the Haratine caste of slave descendants; racial and ethnic discrimination; discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) persons and persons with HIV/AIDS; child labor; and inadequate enforcement of labor laws also occurred" (page 1). "The law states that any act or attempt to damage a girl’s sexual organs is punishable by imprisonment and a fine of 120,000 to 300,000 ouguiyas ($363 to $910). Nevertheless, authorities seldom applied the law, since the accompanying implementing law remained provisional. FGM/C was practiced by all ethnic groups to varying degrees and performed...more