The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-PRACTICE-1

April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Girls living in the State party, often from migrant families, who have undergone or are at risk of being subjected to female genital mutilation and other harmful practices. Information on harmful practices not being readily available, in particular for ethnic minority and migrant women owing to language and cultural barriers, and the lack of a national comprehensive strategy, in particular to eliminate female genital mutilation, along with limited training for relevant professionals. Insufficient support for intersex persons who have undergone involuntary and medically unnecessary disfiguring surgical procedures when they were babies and children, often with irreversible consequences, resulting in significant physical and psychological suffering. The pressure placed on parents of ...more
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes and stereotypes concerning women’s roles and responsibilities that discriminate against women and perpetuate their subordination within the family and society and that, among other things, are reflected in women’s academic and professional choices, their limited participation in political and public life and their unequal position in the labour market and in marriage and family relations. The Committee recalls that such stereotypes are also root causes of violence against women and is deeply concerned at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and polygamy and female genital mutilation and circumcision" (Pg 5). "The ...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the recent amendments to the Penal Code specifically criminalizing female genital mutilation. However, the Committee is concerned about the reports that that crime is being committed against its citizens or residents abroad, and regrets the lack of information concerning the application of extraterritorial jurisdiction in the State party with respect to that crime. The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to raise awareness about the harmful effects of female genital mutilation on the health and the lives of women, both within and outside its territory, but expresses concern that those efforts may not be sufficient. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure the strict application of ...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions, as well as patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, which are perpetuated by secret tribal societies such as the Sande and the Poro...The Committee is particularly concerned that the secret tribal societies continue to perpetrate harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, through their initiation rites" (6). "The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/LBR/6, para. 20) and reiterates its concern that, notwithstanding the State party’s efforts to combat female genital mutilation, such as the adoption of the Rape Law and the Children’s ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy ...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"It is further concerned at the practice of female genital mutilation in some indigenous communities, including the Embera community, as well as at the insufficient measures taken to eliminate this practice, illustrated by its non-prohibition by law" (Pg 3-4).
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"It is, however, concerned at the persistence of deeply rooted gender stereotypes, in addition to practices that are harmful to women, such as female genital mutilation" (7). "While noting the entrenched cultural underpinning of female genital mutilation and its prohibition under the Reproductive Health Act of 2000 and the Child Code of 2008, the Committee is deeply concerned about the persisting very high incidence of female genital mutilation and the impunity of the perpetrators and practitioners, in particular in cases involving medical professionals" (7).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Cultural resistance from traditional practicing communities has a posed a major setback to the realization of the provisions of the Prohibition of FGM Act. The National Government working with County governments in supporting initiatives on ending harmful traditional practices and facilitating grass-roots efforts that focus on changing the mindset of practicing communities" (9). "Challenge on Prohibition of FGM law: The implementation of this Act has been met with challenges where the practice of FGM is prevalent. In some parts of the country, communities have protested against the implementation of this Act. These communities have argued that the provisions of the Act infringes against their Constitutional right to culture. The Government ...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Among other actions taken have been awareness and information, education and communication (IEC) campaigns to spur behavioural change in relation to harmful traditional practices (female genital mutilation, early marriage/early motherhood); establishment of 6 February as the day of “zero tolerance for female genital mutilation” (pg 19). "In addition to free health care, further progress has been made in the form of important reforms undertaken to improve the quality and accessibility of health care and health-related services and information as well as sexual and reproductive health services for the entire population but particularly rural women and children. These include: Awareness and education campaigns for men and women aimed at eliminating female ...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee, in line with Sustainable Development Goal 5.3 calling for the elimination of all harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage and female genital mutilation, recommends that the State party […] Allocate sufficient resources for the implementation of the national plans of action and strategies to combat female genital mutilation and child marriage, providing for strategic media campaigns and educational programmes to raise awareness among traditional and religious leaders, health care and social workers and the general public about the negative impact of such harmful practices on women and girls," (6). (LC CODER COMMENT: The need for awareness raising campaigns targeting community leaders means that this is a ...more
Jan. 13, 2018, 7:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The April arrests of three people in Michigan, including two doctors accused of coordinating and performing the procedure on girls about 6 to 8 years old, has shed new light on a ritual shrouded in secrecy. Women in Chicago say it has spurred conversations about a tradition in many African, Middle Eastern and South Asian countries that had often been kept in the shadows" (para 6). "Women in Chicago said the tradition is a familiar one. They have friends who were cut as girls or friends who are considering the procedure for their own daughters. One Chicago woman who is a member of the small Muslim sect Dawoodi Bohra — ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is an ongoing practice in Kurdistan. Although there are organisations working to abolish it, many young women are afraid to share their stories or speak out because they are afraid of what would happen to them and to their families and those involved in the ritual of FGM" (Slide 12). "The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria has ordered all girls and women between the ages of 11 and 46 in and around Iraq's northern city of Mosul to undergo female genital mutilation, the United Nations reported. 'It is a fatwa (or religious edict) of ISIS, we learnt,' said Jacqueline badcock, an U.N. official in Iraq. She estimated that ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Sudan has one of the highest rates of (FGM/C) for girls and women aged 15-49 in the world. FGM/C prevalence is slightly higher in rural areas in Sudan than in urban areas whereas the difference is significant across regions. The significant regional differences are related to ethnicity and population movements. Women's attitude towards FGM/C practice varies significantly according to education, and household Wealth" (Slide 8). "In Sudan more than 55% of cases of FGM/C are undertaken by medical professions, a rise from 39% in 2010" (Slide 9). "Societal attitudes towards FGM/C are changing. Over half of women aged 15-49 years, think that the FGM/C practice should be abandoned (52.8%) raising ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM has been illegal in Egypt since 2008. But still millions of girls being circumcised. Egypt has one of the highest percentages of this practice (92%). FGM is signficantly lower among women having at least secondary education than other women, being universal among illiterate women. Also women in the highest wealth quintile are significantly less likely to have been circumcised (84%)" (Slide 7). "In Egypt, 82% of FGM/C are undertaken by medical professionals. It has been on the rise" (Slide 9)."Mansoura Mohamed, 33, remembers being mutilated before dawn, the first of three cousins to be cut that day. 'There was a lot of blood, they had to get a lot ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM is practiced in places like Rahmah and [the] Gaza Strip" (Slide 11).
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Women under the age of 19 and rural women are less likely to report being circumcised than women in the age group 20-29 and residing in urban areas. FGM/C in Yemen varies significantly across regional lines. In contrast to most countries, in Yemen higher educational status among women corresponds to higher FGM/C prevalence rates. 22% of illiterate women report being circumcised compared to 35% of women with some secondary education or more" (Slide 10).
Dec. 14, 2017, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"At the time, she believed it was her calling as a member of the Sebei ethnic group. People in her family have been circumcisers for generations" (para 2). “At first I was trained as a mentor, guiding young girls and preparing them for cutting the night before, and encouraging them to be strong and ready,” Ms. Chelangat, now 77, told UNFPA. “I was told I had to keep our culture alive" (para 3). "FGM is typically carried out without anaesthesia and using crude instruments. It is often performed without the consent of the person being cut. It is internationally recognized as a violation of women’s and girls’ rights" (para 5). ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:51 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Female genital mutilation has been illegal in England and Wales since 1985. Scotland has similar but separate legislation. Much more comprehensive laws forbidding the practice were introduced in 2003 and again in 2015, creating additional safeguards and stringent punishments for those practicing FGM, as it is known. Yet no one in Britain has successfully been prosecuted for the crime, which suggests that programs to prevent the procedure are failing" (para 1)."Many reasons account for the lack of prosecution, experts have explained, including the reluctance of family members to report on one another if the procedure is being practiced and the enduring cultural sensitivity of the topic" (para 2). "Diaspora groups ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:32 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Somalia’s next government should ensure a law is passed banning all forms of female genital mutilation (FGM), a U.N. official said on Tuesday, describing the deeply entrenched practice as a “horrendous rights violation” (para 1). “We promote total abandonment of FGM, whereas there is a large part of public opinion in Somalia which will promote a milder form of FGM,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation" (para 6)."Hopkins said UNICEF was concerned that parents appeared to be increasingly taking their daughters to clinics to undergo FGM" (para 12). "However, the ancient ritual is widely considered a prerequisite for marriage in Somalia where uncut girls risk ostracisation. Many also believe FGM ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"I underwent FGM a first time when I was a child. And a second time when I was twelve. He wanted me to go through this a third time, I said no! Because I know the harmful effects of FGM" (para 4). She is referring to her husband who wanted to force her to undergo FGM (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The film she [Wahibah Saleh] produced does not seek to encourage Nubians to opt out of the bonds of marriage from the outside. As she said, 'Whoever seeks that must understand that they are fighting a long-term war.' She also does not believe that the marriage of Nubian women to Nubian men is a crime, like female genital mutilation"(para 14)."She [Fatima Imam] addresses the challenges facing Nubian women, foremost among them the issue of genital mutilation, women's weak position in political affairs and the absence of a Nubian feminist movement in the public space, as well as the Islamization of society through the imposition of abayas (loose overgarments) on women. ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"In some Dagestani villages, they also suffer genital mutilation"(para 4)
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, DV-DATA-1

"The Program [a radio program a NGO designed for women] also tackles the issue of violence against women especially the domestic violence and FGM and their consequences of women and the family"(para 5)
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Dawoodi Bohras have recently made FGM-related headlines. A Detroit emergency room doctor charged in April with alleged performing of FGM on 100 young girls is a Dawoodi Bohra. The doctor, Jumana Nagarwala, is in jail awaiting trial" (para 9). "Titled 'Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the Dawoodi Bohra Community,' the Sahiyo study surveyed 385 Dawoodi Bohra women across the globe, including women in Canada, the U.S., Australia and the United Kingdom, in an attempt to shed light where 'little or no data' exists. It aims to inform policy makers and health professionals in order to 'end the practice,' the study said, that has left most of its participants with ...more
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: India, Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"For this story, the Star also spoke with three local Dawoodi Bohra women who described what it’s like to undergo khatna in their native countries of India and Kenya at the hands of 'practitioners,' not doctors, in non-medical environments such as kitchens, with unsterile razors" (para 12).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Titled 'Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the Dawoodi Bohra Community,' the Sahiyo study surveyed 385 Dawoodi Bohra women across the globe, including women in Canada, the U.S., Australia and the United Kingdom, in an attempt to shed light where 'little or no data' exists. It aims to inform policy makers and health professionals in order to 'end the practice,' the study said, that has left most of its participants with emotional scars — anger, haunting memories and frustration in their sexual lives" (para 21).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2016, a Dawoodi Bohra priest in Sydney, Australia, was convicted for his role in performing FGM" (para 9). "Titled 'Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the Dawoodi Bohra Community,' the Sahiyo study surveyed 385 Dawoodi Bohra women across the globe, including women in Canada, the U.S., Australia and the United Kingdom, in an attempt to shed light where 'little or no data' exists. It aims to inform policy makers and health professionals in order to 'end the practice,' the study said, that has left most of its participants with emotional scars — anger, haunting memories and frustration in their sexual lives" (para 21).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Women from a small Muslim sect called the Dawoodi Bohras have reported that female genital mutilation has been performed on them in Canada, a study given to the federal government reveals. The first research of its kind to probe the practice within this tightly knit South Asian community, the study found that 80 per cent of Bohra women surveyed have undergone FGM and two of the study’s 18 Canadian participants said it happened within Canada’s borders" (para 1-2). "The researcher’s findings show that more than 80 per cent of the 385 Dawoodi Bohra women surveyed — including all 18 Canadian participants — want the practice to end and would not ...more
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In a remote, deeply traditional corner of southern Kenya, thousands of young Maasai girls wearing black and white robes and with blood sprinkled on their foreheads dance in the light of dawn. Loudly, enthusiastically, they sing traditional songs with the support of a choir and gifted drummers. In the town of Entasopia, the girls are undergoing a rite of passage that resembles the tribe’s customary coming-of-age ceremony—but without the usual horror of genital mutilation"(para 1)."[Joan] Siyuama is among many Maasai girls who are bucking a tradition that has disfigured millions of their ancestors. For the Maasai community, traditional culture permeates every aspect of daily life. Until recently, that culture dictated ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Islamic University of Al Azhar, the highest academic center of Sunni Islam, has joined the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate in Egypt in the fight against the epidemic of female genital mutilation. Fides News Agency reported that Coptic Orthodox Patriarch Tawadros II and Sheikh Ahmed al Tayyeb, imam of al-Azhar, signed a joint statement on Monday committing their fight against the many abuses children in Egypt suffer" (para 2-3). "As many as 850 leaders of churches and mosques, including imam, priests, monks, and pastoral workers are expected to attend preparation courses that will allow them to engage more effectively and lead the fight against 'genital mutilation'" (para 5). "Although genital mutilation ...more