The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-PRACTICE-1

June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned about: (a) The continued prevalence of female genital mutilation in some regions, especially in rural and traditional communities; (b) The weak enforcement of the law prohibiting female genital mutilation; (c) Reports that very young girls, including babies, and women giving birth are increasingly being subjected to female genital mutilation; (d) The fact that it remains legal for women above 18 years of age to be subjected to female genital mutilation" (page 6).
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In October the Federal Council tasked the Federal Office of Health and State Secretariat for Migration with establishing and cofinancing a counseling and preventive activities network for raising awareness of FGM/C among potential victims and health specialists...Several federal offices, in collaboration with NGOs and academic institutions, implemented educational and preventative measures aimed at vulnerable communities and relevant authorities, including a mediation service. The cantons of Geneva, Neuchatel, Vaud, and Fribourg carried out cantonal awareness strategies and campaigns, while other cantons engaged in similar awareness raising activities" (15).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued initiatives to eradicate the practice, including national research and sensitization workshops where FGM/C was prevalent" (32).
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"It also expresses concern at the persistence of harmful practices based on discriminatory social attitudes, in particular in rural and remote areas, such as female genital mutilation among Muslim communities in the southern border provinces and bride kidnapping" (5).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the enactment of the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act of 2011. It remains concerned, however, that this harmful practice continues to be common in some communities" (5)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee...remains concerned, however, about... harmful practices, such as...female genital mutilation" (5)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is not specifically prohibited in the criminal code. Local NGOs in Dagestan reported that FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages in the republic," (53).
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGC/M prevalence in rural areas is more than double that in urban areas. The highest percentages of circumcised women are in Manyara and Dodoma regions (58% and 47%, respectively) . . . Girls are more likely to be circumcised if their mothers were circumcised. Among the 86% of women who have heard of FGC/M, 95% believe that the practice is not required by their religion and that the practice should not be continued . . . The Tanzanian Special Provision Act, a 1998 amendment to the penal code, specifically prohibits FGC/M (National Legislative Bodies, 1998). However, while the practice has been outlawed for almost two decades, it is still prevalent...more
May 29, 2018, 7:53 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Most of the cases were spotted by midwives and doctors working in maternity and obstetric units. The majority had originally had FGM done to them abroad and as a young child" (para 7-8).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A range of FGM education initiatives have been funded, including community based education workshops, continuing professional development for health workers and an online national resource centre" (Pg 37).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Girls living in the State party, often from migrant families, who have undergone or are at risk of being subjected to female genital mutilation and other harmful practices. Information on harmful practices not being readily available, in particular for ethnic minority and migrant women owing to language and cultural barriers, and the lack of a national comprehensive strategy, in particular to eliminate female genital mutilation, along with limited training for relevant professionals. Insufficient support for intersex persons who have undergone involuntary and medically unnecessary disfiguring surgical procedures when they were babies and children, often with irreversible consequences, resulting in significant physical and psychological suffering. The pressure placed on parents of...more
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes and stereotypes concerning women’s roles and responsibilities that discriminate against women and perpetuate their subordination within the family and society and that, among other things, are reflected in women’s academic and professional choices, their limited participation in political and public life and their unequal position in the labour market and in marriage and family relations. The Committee recalls that such stereotypes are also root causes of violence against women and is deeply concerned at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and polygamy and female genital mutilation and circumcision" (Pg 5). "The...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the recent amendments to the Penal Code specifically criminalizing female genital mutilation. However, the Committee is concerned about the reports that that crime is being committed against its citizens or residents abroad, and regrets the lack of information concerning the application of extraterritorial jurisdiction in the State party with respect to that crime. The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to raise awareness about the harmful effects of female genital mutilation on the health and the lives of women, both within and outside its territory, but expresses concern that those efforts may not be sufficient. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure the strict application of...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions, as well as patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, which are perpetuated by secret tribal societies such as the Sande and the Poro...The Committee is particularly concerned that the secret tribal societies continue to perpetrate harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, through their initiation rites" (6). "The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/LBR/6, para. 20) and reiterates its concern that, notwithstanding the State party’s efforts to combat female genital mutilation, such as the adoption of the Rape Law and the Children’s...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"It is further concerned at the practice of female genital mutilation in some indigenous communities, including the Embera community, as well as at the insufficient measures taken to eliminate this practice, illustrated by its non-prohibition by law" (Pg 3-4).
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"It is, however, concerned at the persistence of deeply rooted gender stereotypes, in addition to practices that are harmful to women, such as female genital mutilation" (7). "While noting the entrenched cultural underpinning of female genital mutilation and its prohibition under the Reproductive Health Act of 2000 and the Child Code of 2008, the Committee is deeply concerned about the persisting very high incidence of female genital mutilation and the impunity of the perpetrators and practitioners, in particular in cases involving medical professionals" (7).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Cultural resistance from traditional practicing communities has a posed a major setback to the realization of the provisions of the Prohibition of FGM Act. The National Government working with County governments in supporting initiatives on ending harmful traditional practices and facilitating grass-roots efforts that focus on changing the mindset of practicing communities" (9). "Challenge on Prohibition of FGM law: The implementation of this Act has been met with challenges where the practice of FGM is prevalent. In some parts of the country, communities have protested against the implementation of this Act. These communities have argued that the provisions of the Act infringes against their Constitutional right to culture. The Government...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Among other actions taken have been awareness and information, education and communication (IEC) campaigns to spur behavioural change in relation to harmful traditional practices (female genital mutilation, early marriage/early motherhood); establishment of 6 February as the day of “zero tolerance for female genital mutilation” (pg 19). "In addition to free health care, further progress has been made in the form of important reforms undertaken to improve the quality and accessibility of health care and health-related services and information as well as sexual and reproductive health services for the entire population but particularly rural women and children. These include: Awareness and education campaigns for men and women aimed at eliminating female...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee, in line with Sustainable Development Goal 5.3 calling for the elimination of all harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage and female genital mutilation, recommends that the State party […] Allocate sufficient resources for the implementation of the national plans of action and strategies to combat female genital mutilation and child marriage, providing for strategic media campaigns and educational programmes to raise awareness among traditional and religious leaders, health care and social workers and the general public about the negative impact of such harmful practices on women and girls," (6). (LC CODER COMMENT: The need for awareness raising campaigns targeting community leaders means that this is a...more
Jan. 13, 2018, 7:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The April arrests of three people in Michigan, including two doctors accused of coordinating and performing the procedure on girls about 6 to 8 years old, has shed new light on a ritual shrouded in secrecy. Women in Chicago say it has spurred conversations about a tradition in many African, Middle Eastern and South Asian countries that had often been kept in the shadows" (para 6). "Women in Chicago said the tradition is a familiar one. They have friends who were cut as girls or friends who are considering the procedure for their own daughters. One Chicago woman who is a member of the small Muslim sect Dawoodi Bohra —...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is an ongoing practice in Kurdistan. Although there are organisations working to abolish it, many young women are afraid to share their stories or speak out because they are afraid of what would happen to them and to their families and those involved in the ritual of FGM" (Slide 12). "The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria has ordered all girls and women between the ages of 11 and 46 in and around Iraq's northern city of Mosul to undergo female genital mutilation, the United Nations reported. 'It is a fatwa (or religious edict) of ISIS, we learnt,' said Jacqueline badcock, an U.N. official in Iraq. She estimated that...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Sudan has one of the highest rates of (FGM/C) for girls and women aged 15-49 in the world. FGM/C prevalence is slightly higher in rural areas in Sudan than in urban areas whereas the difference is significant across regions. The significant regional differences are related to ethnicity and population movements. Women's attitude towards FGM/C practice varies significantly according to education, and household Wealth" (Slide 8). "In Sudan more than 55% of cases of FGM/C are undertaken by medical professions, a rise from 39% in 2010" (Slide 9). "Societal attitudes towards FGM/C are changing. Over half of women aged 15-49 years, think that the FGM/C practice should be abandoned (52.8%) raising...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM has been illegal in Egypt since 2008. But still millions of girls being circumcised. Egypt has one of the highest percentages of this practice (92%). FGM is signficantly lower among women having at least secondary education than other women, being universal among illiterate women. Also women in the highest wealth quintile are significantly less likely to have been circumcised (84%)" (Slide 7). "In Egypt, 82% of FGM/C are undertaken by medical professionals. It has been on the rise" (Slide 9)."Mansoura Mohamed, 33, remembers being mutilated before dawn, the first of three cousins to be cut that day. 'There was a lot of blood, they had to get a lot...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM is practiced in places like Rahmah and [the] Gaza Strip" (Slide 11).
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Women under the age of 19 and rural women are less likely to report being circumcised than women in the age group 20-29 and residing in urban areas. FGM/C in Yemen varies significantly across regional lines. In contrast to most countries, in Yemen higher educational status among women corresponds to higher FGM/C prevalence rates. 22% of illiterate women report being circumcised compared to 35% of women with some secondary education or more" (Slide 10).
Dec. 14, 2017, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"At the time, she believed it was her calling as a member of the Sebei ethnic group. People in her family have been circumcisers for generations" (para 2). “At first I was trained as a mentor, guiding young girls and preparing them for cutting the night before, and encouraging them to be strong and ready,” Ms. Chelangat, now 77, told UNFPA. “I was told I had to keep our culture alive" (para 3). "FGM is typically carried out without anaesthesia and using crude instruments. It is often performed without the consent of the person being cut. It is internationally recognized as a violation of women’s and girls’ rights" (para 5)....more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:51 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Female genital mutilation has been illegal in England and Wales since 1985. Scotland has similar but separate legislation. Much more comprehensive laws forbidding the practice were introduced in 2003 and again in 2015, creating additional safeguards and stringent punishments for those practicing FGM, as it is known. Yet no one in Britain has successfully been prosecuted for the crime, which suggests that programs to prevent the procedure are failing" (para 1)."Many reasons account for the lack of prosecution, experts have explained, including the reluctance of family members to report on one another if the procedure is being practiced and the enduring cultural sensitivity of the topic" (para 2). "Diaspora groups...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:32 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Somalia’s next government should ensure a law is passed banning all forms of female genital mutilation (FGM), a U.N. official said on Tuesday, describing the deeply entrenched practice as a “horrendous rights violation” (para 1). “We promote total abandonment of FGM, whereas there is a large part of public opinion in Somalia which will promote a milder form of FGM,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation" (para 6)."Hopkins said UNICEF was concerned that parents appeared to be increasingly taking their daughters to clinics to undergo FGM" (para 12). "However, the ancient ritual is widely considered a prerequisite for marriage in Somalia where uncut girls risk ostracisation. Many also believe FGM...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"I underwent FGM a first time when I was a child. And a second time when I was twelve. He wanted me to go through this a third time, I said no! Because I know the harmful effects of FGM" (para 4). She is referring to her husband who wanted to force her to undergo FGM (CODER COMMENT-BCT).