The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 13, 2018, 7:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The April arrests of three people in Michigan, including two doctors accused of coordinating and performing the procedure on girls about 6 to 8 years old, has shed new light on a ritual shrouded in secrecy. Women in Chicago say it has spurred conversations about a tradition in many African, Middle Eastern and South Asian countries that had often been kept in the shadows" (para 6). "Women in Chicago said the tradition is a familiar one. They have friends who were cut as girls or friends who are considering the procedure for their own daughters. One Chicago woman who is a member of the small Muslim sect Dawoodi Bohra — ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is an ongoing practice in Kurdistan. Although there are organisations working to abolish it, many young women are afraid to share their stories or speak out because they are afraid of what would happen to them and to their families and those involved in the ritual of FGM" (Slide 12). "The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria has ordered all girls and women between the ages of 11 and 46 in and around Iraq's northern city of Mosul to undergo female genital mutilation, the United Nations reported. 'It is a fatwa (or religious edict) of ISIS, we learnt,' said Jacqueline badcock, an U.N. official in Iraq. She estimated that ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Sudan has one of the highest rates of (FGM/C) for girls and women aged 15-49 in the world. FGM/C prevalence is slightly higher in rural areas in Sudan than in urban areas whereas the difference is significant across regions. The significant regional differences are related to ethnicity and population movements. Women's attitude towards FGM/C practice varies significantly according to education, and household Wealth" (Slide 8). "In Sudan more than 55% of cases of FGM/C are undertaken by medical professions, a rise from 39% in 2010" (Slide 9). "Societal attitudes towards FGM/C are changing. Over half of women aged 15-49 years, think that the FGM/C practice should be abandoned (52.8%) raising ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM has been illegal in Egypt since 2008. But still millions of girls being circumcised. Egypt has one of the highest percentages of this practice (92%). FGM is signficantly lower among women having at least secondary education than other women, being universal among illiterate women. Also women in the highest wealth quintile are significantly less likely to have been circumcised (84%)" (Slide 7). "In Egypt, 82% of FGM/C are undertaken by medical professionals. It has been on the rise" (Slide 9)."Mansoura Mohamed, 33, remembers being mutilated before dawn, the first of three cousins to be cut that day. 'There was a lot of blood, they had to get a lot ...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM is practiced in places like Rahmah and [the] Gaza Strip" (Slide 11).
Dec. 21, 2017, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Women under the age of 19 and rural women are less likely to report being circumcised than women in the age group 20-29 and residing in urban areas. FGM/C in Yemen varies significantly across regional lines. In contrast to most countries, in Yemen higher educational status among women corresponds to higher FGM/C prevalence rates. 22% of illiterate women report being circumcised compared to 35% of women with some secondary education or more" (Slide 10).
Dec. 14, 2017, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"At the time, she believed it was her calling as a member of the Sebei ethnic group. People in her family have been circumcisers for generations" (para 2). “At first I was trained as a mentor, guiding young girls and preparing them for cutting the night before, and encouraging them to be strong and ready,” Ms. Chelangat, now 77, told UNFPA. “I was told I had to keep our culture alive" (para 3). "FGM is typically carried out without anaesthesia and using crude instruments. It is often performed without the consent of the person being cut. It is internationally recognized as a violation of women’s and girls’ rights" (para 5). ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:51 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Female genital mutilation has been illegal in England and Wales since 1985. Scotland has similar but separate legislation. Much more comprehensive laws forbidding the practice were introduced in 2003 and again in 2015, creating additional safeguards and stringent punishments for those practicing FGM, as it is known. Yet no one in Britain has successfully been prosecuted for the crime, which suggests that programs to prevent the procedure are failing" (para 1)."Many reasons account for the lack of prosecution, experts have explained, including the reluctance of family members to report on one another if the procedure is being practiced and the enduring cultural sensitivity of the topic" (para 2). "Diaspora groups ...more
Dec. 13, 2017, 10:32 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Somalia’s next government should ensure a law is passed banning all forms of female genital mutilation (FGM), a U.N. official said on Tuesday, describing the deeply entrenched practice as a “horrendous rights violation” (para 1). “We promote total abandonment of FGM, whereas there is a large part of public opinion in Somalia which will promote a milder form of FGM,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation" (para 6)."Hopkins said UNICEF was concerned that parents appeared to be increasingly taking their daughters to clinics to undergo FGM" (para 12). "However, the ancient ritual is widely considered a prerequisite for marriage in Somalia where uncut girls risk ostracisation. Many also believe FGM ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"I underwent FGM a first time when I was a child. And a second time when I was twelve. He wanted me to go through this a third time, I said no! Because I know the harmful effects of FGM" (para 4). She is referring to her husband who wanted to force her to undergo FGM (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The film she [Wahibah Saleh] produced does not seek to encourage Nubians to opt out of the bonds of marriage from the outside. As she said, 'Whoever seeks that must understand that they are fighting a long-term war.' She also does not believe that the marriage of Nubian women to Nubian men is a crime, like female genital mutilation"(para 14)."She [Fatima Imam] addresses the challenges facing Nubian women, foremost among them the issue of genital mutilation, women's weak position in political affairs and the absence of a Nubian feminist movement in the public space, as well as the Islamization of society through the imposition of abayas (loose overgarments) on women. ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-2

"In some Dagestani villages, they also suffer genital mutilation"(para 4)
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-DATA-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, DV-DATA-1

"The Program [a radio program a NGO designed for women] also tackles the issue of violence against women especially the domestic violence and FGM and their consequences of women and the family"(para 5)
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Dawoodi Bohras have recently made FGM-related headlines. A Detroit emergency room doctor charged in April with alleged performing of FGM on 100 young girls is a Dawoodi Bohra. The doctor, Jumana Nagarwala, is in jail awaiting trial" (para 9). "Titled 'Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the Dawoodi Bohra Community,' the Sahiyo study surveyed 385 Dawoodi Bohra women across the globe, including women in Canada, the U.S., Australia and the United Kingdom, in an attempt to shed light where 'little or no data' exists. It aims to inform policy makers and health professionals in order to 'end the practice,' the study said, that has left most of its participants with ...more
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: India, Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"For this story, the Star also spoke with three local Dawoodi Bohra women who described what it’s like to undergo khatna in their native countries of India and Kenya at the hands of 'practitioners,' not doctors, in non-medical environments such as kitchens, with unsterile razors" (para 12).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Titled 'Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the Dawoodi Bohra Community,' the Sahiyo study surveyed 385 Dawoodi Bohra women across the globe, including women in Canada, the U.S., Australia and the United Kingdom, in an attempt to shed light where 'little or no data' exists. It aims to inform policy makers and health professionals in order to 'end the practice,' the study said, that has left most of its participants with emotional scars — anger, haunting memories and frustration in their sexual lives" (para 21).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In 2016, a Dawoodi Bohra priest in Sydney, Australia, was convicted for his role in performing FGM" (para 9). "Titled 'Understanding Female Genital Cutting in the Dawoodi Bohra Community,' the Sahiyo study surveyed 385 Dawoodi Bohra women across the globe, including women in Canada, the U.S., Australia and the United Kingdom, in an attempt to shed light where 'little or no data' exists. It aims to inform policy makers and health professionals in order to 'end the practice,' the study said, that has left most of its participants with emotional scars — anger, haunting memories and frustration in their sexual lives" (para 21).
Aug. 29, 2017, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Women from a small Muslim sect called the Dawoodi Bohras have reported that female genital mutilation has been performed on them in Canada, a study given to the federal government reveals. The first research of its kind to probe the practice within this tightly knit South Asian community, the study found that 80 per cent of Bohra women surveyed have undergone FGM and two of the study’s 18 Canadian participants said it happened within Canada’s borders" (para 1-2). "The researcher’s findings show that more than 80 per cent of the 385 Dawoodi Bohra women surveyed — including all 18 Canadian participants — want the practice to end and would not ...more
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In a remote, deeply traditional corner of southern Kenya, thousands of young Maasai girls wearing black and white robes and with blood sprinkled on their foreheads dance in the light of dawn. Loudly, enthusiastically, they sing traditional songs with the support of a choir and gifted drummers. In the town of Entasopia, the girls are undergoing a rite of passage that resembles the tribe’s customary coming-of-age ceremony—but without the usual horror of genital mutilation"(para 1)."[Joan] Siyuama is among many Maasai girls who are bucking a tradition that has disfigured millions of their ancestors. For the Maasai community, traditional culture permeates every aspect of daily life. Until recently, that culture dictated ...more
Aug. 7, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Islamic University of Al Azhar, the highest academic center of Sunni Islam, has joined the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate in Egypt in the fight against the epidemic of female genital mutilation. Fides News Agency reported that Coptic Orthodox Patriarch Tawadros II and Sheikh Ahmed al Tayyeb, imam of al-Azhar, signed a joint statement on Monday committing their fight against the many abuses children in Egypt suffer" (para 2-3). "As many as 850 leaders of churches and mosques, including imam, priests, monks, and pastoral workers are expected to attend preparation courses that will allow them to engage more effectively and lead the fight against 'genital mutilation'" (para 5). "Although genital mutilation ...more
July 31, 2017, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Zehra Patwa learned only a few years ago that during a family trip to India at age 7, she was circumcised, which is common for girls in parts of Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Patwa, 46, doesn’t remember undergoing the procedure, which is also called female genital mutilation or cutting and which has been condemned by the United Nations and outlawed in the U.S. But she doesn’t want to. (para 1-2). "A spokesman for the Syedna, the Bohras’ religious head in Mumbai, India, could not be reached for comment. The two men vying to succeed the Syedna, his half brother and the son of a former Syedna, have different ...more
July 31, 2017, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The recent arrest of a Michigan doctor accused of performing the procedure on two 7-year-old girls from Patwa’s own Shiite Muslim sect, the Dawoodi Bohra, highlights how female genital mutilation is alive and well in parts of the Western world where its adherents have migrated and formed communities" (para 4). "Dr. Jumana Nagarwala is accused of performing the procedure on two Minnesota girls that left them with scars and lacerations. Her attorney, Shannon Smith, insists that Nagarwala conducted a benign religious ritual that involved no mutilation. Prosecutors on Friday charged two other Bohras, Dr. Fakhruddin Attar and his wife, Farida Attar, with conspiracy. Fakhruddin Attar owns the Detroit-area clinic where ...more
July 28, 2017, 8:04 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM in Indonesia is strongly related to culture and religion. In Gorontalo, girls are circumcised before their third birthday in a traditional ceremony called mongubingu, as proof of their compliance to Islam. Indonesian authorities tried to ban FGM 10 years ago, but the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) issued a fatwa saying that female circumcision was part of religious practice" (para 9-10).
July 4, 2017, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"while female genital mutilation was a crime under federal and many state laws, there were few investigations or prosecutions stemming from it — because of underreporting and other problems" (p 6)
July 4, 2017, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A Detroit emergency room doctor has been charged with performing genital mutilation on young girls in what is believed to be the first criminal case of its kind brought by U.S. prosecutors...3. The Justice Department said the case [of FGM in Detroit] is believed to be the first brought under the particular U.S. law that criminalized female genital mutilation" (p 1, 3)
July 4, 2017, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"According to the complaint against Nagarwala [a doctor reportedly performing FGM on girls], members of a particular religious and cultural community are known to use the procedure — which some see as a way to curb sexuality in girls. The complaint did not identify the community but said Nagarwala was a part of it" (p 7)
June 9, 2017, 7:59 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A conviction in Australia in November, where a nurse and a mother are set to go to jail has led to chatter within the community" (para 24).
June 9, 2017, 7:57 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Young girls aged six and seven are regularly being cut right here, in India. Mumbai abounds with untrained midwives who continue to scar young girls from the Bohra community, a Shia sub sect" (para 2). "For long, FGM or khatna as the Bohras call it remained a well-kept secret, a taboo, a subject never to be discussed. But now a few women – victims at the hands of the Bohra tradition – are choosing to speak out and create awareness" (para 3). "'We went into this dark decrepit building. I remember being taken into a room. The curtains were drawn. She said lie down. Like an obedient child, I lay. ...more
June 8, 2017, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"It’s not just Kenyan girls that are cut as FGM is known. British girls with family ties to Kenya are also brought here during their school holidays" (1). At 1:04 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "FGM is of course as illegal back in Britain as it is here in Kenya but the law in both countries seems powerless in the face of centuries of this torturous cultural practice" (1). At 1:42 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
June 8, 2017, 9:36 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of cutting is handed down through the same family through generations from mother to daughter and so on. They think of themselves as being arbitrators of a moral code, not just for these families, but for the community as a whole" (1). This is an introduction from the narrator at 0:02 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "'We are doing it because it is important to us because when girls don’t get cut when they are young, they chase after boys when they are young and we don’t want that. We don’t want them to get spoiled; that’s why we do it'" (1). This is a quote from a Kenyan ...more