The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for INFIB-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 15, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Doctors in central Somalia say a 10-year-old girl has died after undergoing female genital mutilation (FGM)... the victim bled to death after undergoing FGM" (para 1-2). "The girl’s father Dahir Nur said he was distraught but accepts that his daughter died due to the procedure and believes she was 'taken by Allah'. Despite losing his daughter he defended the practice. 'The people in the area are content with it [FGM], her mother consented to it,' he said, adding, 'We have seen the effects but it’s a culture in the country we live in.' Nur says he holds no one responsible for the death of his daughter" (para 8-11).more
Sept. 15, 2018, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

“'The reason that this harmful practice has existed for so long is that people believe it is because our religion or culture dictates that we should do it,' said Ayan Mahamoud, Somaliland’s representative in Britain" (para 3). “'The fatwa is basically a message from the government to everyone in Somaliland that there is no religious or cultural basis for FGM,' she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation" (para 4). "Many families in Somaliland believe it is a religious obligation although it is not mentioned in the Koran. It is widely considered important for ensuring a girl’s purity and a prerequisite to marriage" (para 9).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Faced with the new law against Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), traditionalists have now shifted to circumcising married women with the consent of their husbands" (para 1). "Although the practice of circumcising young girls is slowly declining in Sebei, the trend has changed to circumcising married women. 'And this is being done in houses with the knowledge of husbands, in the villages and in the bushes even across the borders to Kenya. Wives claim that they are visiting relatives in Kenya but cross with local surgeons,' said Ms Chelangat. The statistics reveal that uncircumcised married women are undergoing pressure from their husbands and society because they are not allowed to serve...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A 17-year-old girl from north England who was forced to marry an abusive middle-aged man just one day after meeting him... was raped daily and had previously been taken to Somalia as a child where she underwent extreme female genital mutilation. Her husband then ‘cut her open’ with a knife on their wedding night" (para 13-14).
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:56 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Colombia's Embera indigenous tribe is one of the few communities in Latin America known to practise female genital mutilation (FGM), which involves the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. Known among the members of the 250,000-strong Embera tribe as "curacion", the origins of FGM in Colombia are the subject of various theories.Some believe it was adopted from the slaves who were brought to the continent from Africa, others that it was introduced after the birth of a hermaphrodite by midwives who were worried that females could become males" (para. 1 - 3). "Patricia Tobon Yagari, a lawyer and campaigner for indigenous communities, says. 'Among...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Most of the cases were spotted by midwives and doctors working in maternity and obstetric units. The majority had originally had FGM done to them abroad and as a young child" (para 7-8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Prosecutions were rare. Many police officers and communities were unaware of the law, victims were often reluctant to testify, and some witnesses feared reprisals from FGM/C supporters. Some villagers reportedly bribed local leaders not to enforce the law in order to carry out FGM/C on their daughters" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"It also expresses concern at the persistence of harmful practices based on discriminatory social attitudes, in particular in rural and remote areas, such as female genital mutilation among Muslim communities in the southern border provinces and bride kidnapping" (5).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"In October the Federal Council tasked the Federal Office of Health and State Secretariat for Migration with establishing and cofinancing a counseling and preventive activities network for raising awareness of FGM/C among potential victims and health specialists...Several federal offices, in collaboration with NGOs and academic institutions, implemented educational and preventative measures aimed at vulnerable communities and relevant authorities, including a mediation service. The cantons of Geneva, Neuchatel, Vaud, and Fribourg carried out cantonal awareness strategies and campaigns, while other cantons engaged in similar awareness raising activities" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued initiatives to eradicate the practice, including national research and sensitization workshops where FGM/C was prevalent" (32).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A 2014 UN Human Rights Committee report expressed concern over the existence of FGM/C in some regions of the country. A few small ethnic groups practiced FGM/C. In most cases FGM/C was performed on girls between 10 and 15 years old" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Health prepared the EDHS in partnership with UN Population Fund, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and other international partners. On June 14, the government launched a new National Strategy for the Abandonment of FGM/C, led by the population ministry in partnership with the United Nations and other international partners. The law criminalizes FGM/C, except in cases of 'medical necessity,' with penalties of three months to two years in prison or a fine of LE 5,000 ($650). Rights groups pointed to the “medical necessity” exception as a problematic loophole that allowed the practice to continue. According to international and local observers, the government did not effectively enforce this...more
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee expresses concern that harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage, polygamy, female genital mutilation and other forms of excision, humiliating and degrading widowhood practices, force-feeding, levirate and sororate, remain prevalent and unpunished in the State party" (page 6). "[The Committee] notes that no claims under article 213 of the Criminal Code have been registered to date to prosecute practitioners of excision. The Committee is also concerned about the increasingly young age at which excision is performed (average of 4.3 years). It notes with concern that the prohibition on health-care professionals practising excision has reportedly pushed the practice underground, thereby exacerbating the serious health complications for girls and...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned about: (a) The continued prevalence of female genital mutilation in some regions, especially in rural and traditional communities; (b) The weak enforcement of the law prohibiting female genital mutilation; (c) Reports that very young girls, including babies, and women giving birth are increasingly being subjected to female genital mutilation; (d) The fact that it remains legal for women above 18 years of age to be subjected to female genital mutilation" (page 6).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party on the enactment of the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act of 2011. It remains concerned, however, that this harmful practice continues to be common in some communities" (5)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee...remains concerned, however, about... harmful practices, such as...female genital mutilation" (5)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGM/C is not specifically prohibited in the criminal code. Local NGOs in Dagestan reported that FGM/C was occasionally practiced in some villages in the republic," (53).
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"FGC/M prevalence in rural areas is more than double that in urban areas. The highest percentages of circumcised women are in Manyara and Dodoma regions (58% and 47%, respectively) . . . Girls are more likely to be circumcised if their mothers were circumcised. Among the 86% of women who have heard of FGC/M, 95% believe that the practice is not required by their religion and that the practice should not be continued . . . The Tanzanian Special Provision Act, a 1998 amendment to the penal code, specifically prohibits FGC/M (National Legislative Bodies, 1998). However, while the practice has been outlawed for almost two decades, it is still prevalent...more
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"A range of FGM education initiatives have been funded, including community based education workshops, continuing professional development for health workers and an online national resource centre" (Pg 37).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Girls living in the State party, often from migrant families, who have undergone or are at risk of being subjected to female genital mutilation and other harmful practices. Information on harmful practices not being readily available, in particular for ethnic minority and migrant women owing to language and cultural barriers, and the lack of a national comprehensive strategy, in particular to eliminate female genital mutilation, along with limited training for relevant professionals. Insufficient support for intersex persons who have undergone involuntary and medically unnecessary disfiguring surgical procedures when they were babies and children, often with irreversible consequences, resulting in significant physical and psychological suffering. The pressure placed on parents of...more
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the persistence of deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes and stereotypes concerning women’s roles and responsibilities that discriminate against women and perpetuate their subordination within the family and society and that, among other things, are reflected in women’s academic and professional choices, their limited participation in political and public life and their unequal position in the labour market and in marriage and family relations. The Committee recalls that such stereotypes are also root causes of violence against women and is deeply concerned at the high prevalence of harmful practices that discriminate against women, such as child marriage and polygamy and female genital mutilation and circumcision" (Pg 5). "The...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the recent amendments to the Penal Code specifically criminalizing female genital mutilation. However, the Committee is concerned about the reports that that crime is being committed against its citizens or residents abroad, and regrets the lack of information concerning the application of extraterritorial jurisdiction in the State party with respect to that crime. The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to raise awareness about the harmful effects of female genital mutilation on the health and the lives of women, both within and outside its territory, but expresses concern that those efforts may not be sufficient. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure the strict application of...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned at the persistence of adverse cultural practices and traditions, as well as patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, which are perpetuated by secret tribal societies such as the Sande and the Poro...The Committee is particularly concerned that the secret tribal societies continue to perpetrate harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, through their initiation rites" (6). "The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/LBR/6, para. 20) and reiterates its concern that, notwithstanding the State party’s efforts to combat female genital mutilation, such as the adoption of the Rape Law and the Children’s...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society. It also remains concerned about the very high prevalence of harmful practices, in particular female genital mutilation, child marriage, polygamy and levirate, and the fact that they are not prohibited by law. The Committee urges the State party: (a) To adopt legal provisions explicitly prohibiting harmful practices, such as polygamy, child marriage, female genital mutilation, levirate and unequal inheritance rights for women, provide for adequate sanctions and ensure the effective implementation of the provisions; (b) To expeditiously adopt a comprehensive strategy...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1, INFIB-LAW-1

"It is further concerned at the practice of female genital mutilation in some indigenous communities, including the Embera community, as well as at the insufficient measures taken to eliminate this practice, illustrated by its non-prohibition by law" (Pg 3-4).
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"It is, however, concerned at the persistence of deeply rooted gender stereotypes, in addition to practices that are harmful to women, such as female genital mutilation" (7). "While noting the entrenched cultural underpinning of female genital mutilation and its prohibition under the Reproductive Health Act of 2000 and the Child Code of 2008, the Committee is deeply concerned about the persisting very high incidence of female genital mutilation and the impunity of the perpetrators and practitioners, in particular in cases involving medical professionals" (7).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Cultural resistance from traditional practicing communities has a posed a major setback to the realization of the provisions of the Prohibition of FGM Act. The National Government working with County governments in supporting initiatives on ending harmful traditional practices and facilitating grass-roots efforts that focus on changing the mindset of practicing communities" (9). "Challenge on Prohibition of FGM law: The implementation of this Act has been met with challenges where the practice of FGM is prevalent. In some parts of the country, communities have protested against the implementation of this Act. These communities have argued that the provisions of the Act infringes against their Constitutional right to culture. The Government...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"Among other actions taken have been awareness and information, education and communication (IEC) campaigns to spur behavioural change in relation to harmful traditional practices (female genital mutilation, early marriage/early motherhood); establishment of 6 February as the day of “zero tolerance for female genital mutilation” (pg 19). "In addition to free health care, further progress has been made in the form of important reforms undertaken to improve the quality and accessibility of health care and health-related services and information as well as sexual and reproductive health services for the entire population but particularly rural women and children. These include: Awareness and education campaigns for men and women aimed at eliminating female...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee, in line with Sustainable Development Goal 5.3 calling for the elimination of all harmful practices, such as child and forced marriage and female genital mutilation, recommends that the State party […] Allocate sufficient resources for the implementation of the national plans of action and strategies to combat female genital mutilation and child marriage, providing for strategic media campaigns and educational programmes to raise awareness among traditional and religious leaders, health care and social workers and the general public about the negative impact of such harmful practices on women and girls," (6). (LC CODER COMMENT: The need for awareness raising campaigns targeting community leaders means that this is a...more
Jan. 13, 2018, 7:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: INFIB-PRACTICE-1

"The April arrests of three people in Michigan, including two doctors accused of coordinating and performing the procedure on girls about 6 to 8 years old, has shed new light on a ritual shrouded in secrecy. Women in Chicago say it has spurred conversations about a tradition in many African, Middle Eastern and South Asian countries that had often been kept in the shadows" (para 6). "Women in Chicago said the tradition is a familiar one. They have friends who were cut as girls or friends who are considering the procedure for their own daughters. One Chicago woman who is a member of the small Muslim sect Dawoodi Bohra —...more