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Latest items for IRP-LAW-2

May 4, 2018, 5:39 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-2, PRN-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-2

"The new Irish law will help efforts to end demand by holding sex buyers accountable and will also ensure that prostituted individuals and survivors can access comprehensive support services. In addition, it strengthens national laws against sexual grooming, child pornography and sexual harassment in the Republic of Ireland" (pp 2)
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the updated national referral system established in 2014 and the third national plan to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings (2014-2017), but is concerned: . . . (d) That there is a lack of information on the protection and assistance in place for victims of trafficking, including the issuance of temporary resident permits. The Committee urges the State party: . . . (c) To strengthen the protection and rehabilitation of women who are victims of trafficking by providing them with access to alternative income opportunities and providing undocumented women with temporary resident permits, irrespective of their ability or willingness to cooperate with the prosecutorial authorities" (page...more
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the adoption of an action plan to combat trafficking in persons for 2015-2016 and a programme of cooperation for 2011-2013 between States members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on combating trafficking in persons. It is concerned, however, at: ...(b) Discrimination against women in prostitution, the absence of shelters and crisis centres for women in prostitution adapted to their needs and the lack of exit and reintegration programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (5).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-3, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 2005-06 of 10 May 2005 on combating trafficking in persons and similar practices and the protection of victims and of a national plan to combat trafficking in persons, in particular women and children, in 2009. It is concerned, however, about: (a) The absence of a clear definition of trafficking in persons in the national legislative framework; (b) The lack of data on the extent of trafficking in women and girls to, from and transiting through the State party; (c) Cases of trafficking of women and girls who are domestic workers, 'Internet brides' and women and girls subjected to forced labour, sexual exploitation,...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-2

"While welcoming the adoption of the People Trafficking and People Smuggling (Prohibition) Act in 2009, the Committee remains concerned that the State party is a country of origin, transit and destination for trafficked women and girls, mainly for sexual exploitation and domestic labour. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of data on the extent of trafficking in persons and at the absence of specific programmes to raise awareness of the existence of a national referral mechanism on human trafficking in the State party. It is further concerned that the prohibition of prostitution under the Crimes Act does not criminalize the demand for prostitution. The Committee is also concerned...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"Likewise, the National Program for Social Prevention of Violence and Delinquency (PNPSVD) was created, as well as the National Program for Equality and Non-discrimination, the National Program to Prevent, Sanction, and Eradicate Crimes Regarding Human Trafficking and for the Protection and Assistance to Victims of These Crimes, PNDH, the Program for Integral Attention to Victims, the PIPASEVM, and the Special Program for Intercultural Education. All are interlinked; these programs report annually on their progress since 2014" (page 11). "The FEVIMTRA provides mechanisms for immediate protection in urgent cases, without process or waiting period, for the custody of women victims of gender-based violence and trafficking. In addition, in 2014, the implementation...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"On 10 July 2008 the Government adopted an Action plan against prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes. The action plan focuses on the needs of the individual and consists of 5 action areas: increased support and protection for victims; stronger preventive work; enhanced quality and effectiveness in the justice system; the development of action targeted at perpetrators; greater national and international collaboration; and increased knowledge . . . The Government commissioned the Stockholm County Administrative Board to coordinate at national level the work being done by government agencies against prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes. The work covers stronger collaboration, operational support on methods, work on secure return...more
Jan. 20, 2018, 4 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-2

"'In Italy, we’re very good at the process of emergency reception—the humanitarian aspect,' Salvatore Vella, a prosecutor in the Sicilian city of Agrigento, told me. 'They arrive. We give them something to eat. We put them in a reception center. But after that? There is no solution. What do we do with these people?'” (para 109). Italy tries to treat trafficking victims with respect and compassion, but has no plan in place for providing for them past the point of reception (AA-CODER COMMENT). "The authorities listened to her story, then repatriated her to Benin City" (para 114). This is an example of a trafficked sex worker being returned to her...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"Women and others in prostitution are not to be criminalized or subjected to administrative punishments, and have a right to live lives without being subjected to violence through the harm of prostitution. To end prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes, the political, social, legal and economic conditions under which women and girls live must be ameliorated by introducing measures such as poverty reduction, sustainable development, measures that promote gender equality and counteract male violence against women and girls, as well as social programs focusing specifically on women and girls" (page 2)."Those who are exploited in prostitution should be given adequate support and assistance, those who risk being prostituted should...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes defection and attempted defection, including the attempt to gain entry to a foreign diplomatic facility for the purpose of seeking political asylum. Individuals who cross the border with the purpose of defecting or seeking asylum in a third country are subject to a minimum of five years of 'labor correction.' In 'serious' cases defectors or asylum seekers are subjected to indefinite terms of imprisonment and forced labor, confiscation of property, or death. Many would-be refugees who were returned involuntarily were imprisoned under harsh conditions"(10)."The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, nor has the government established a system for providing protection for...more
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The commercial sexual exploitation of children generally occurred in tourist locations and major urban areas. The government conducted several programs to combat the sexual exploitation of minors, including posting notices in airports and targeted programs in popular tourist locations. The Ministry of Labor continued a program to combat exploitation in popular tourist destinations such as Boca Chica, Sosua, and Las Terrenas. These programs provided psychological support and medical assistance, returned children to classrooms, and reunited children with their families and communities whenever possible. The programs also provided legal assistance to child victims and their families to arrest and convict exploiters" (32).
Jan. 27, 2017, 1:34 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"sex workers will no longer be fined or jailed for public soliciting. And foreign sex workers actively trying to get out of prostitution can be given a six-month residential permit and state funding to prevent prostitution" (para 4).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

“The government provided asylum applicants with free legal aid at the appeal stage of the application process. Prior to the appeal stage, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), or the migrants themselves, paid for legal assistance. The country normally granted humanitarian protection to those with rejected applications and appeals” (6).
Aug. 23, 2016, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-2

"Prostitution has been criminalized after a joint effort by the Catholic Church and the Government. Sometimes security personnel provide protection to women. However, they also sometimes use their power to force women into prostitution and have sexual relations" (15). "The society, the State, (in particular, the government) and the Catholic Church marginalizes sex work and does not provide any social protection or legal recognition for sex workers" (52).
June 27, 2016, 9:53 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"Thailand has facilitated safe return of foreign victims, such as sharing of information with source countries during the national verification process and provision of interpreters to assist the victims throughout the process. In case of complicated cases, consultations among agencies involved, including from the source and destination countries, have been conducted" (17).
April 21, 2016, 6:48 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee commends the State party for ratifying the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings on 19 September 2007 and the many other measures taken to address the issue of trafficking in women and children. The Committee also commends the financial assistance provided to countries of origin as well as non-governmental organizations based in these countries for victims of trafficking outreach, identification and rehabilitation, trafficking prevention and law enforcement anti-trafficking projects. It welcomes the amendment of the Aliens Act on 1 August 2007 which, among other things, provides for an extended reflection period of up to 100 days during which victims of trafficking may stay...more
April 18, 2016, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-LAW-2

"In relation to trafficking persons (women or men) into the Isle of Man for the purposes of exploitation and prostitution the Island’s legislation was updated in 2008. The Isle of Man immigration and nationality legislation is the United Kingdom legislation as extended to the Island with appropriate modifications. The Immigration (Isle of Man) Order 2008 extended, inter alia, provisions of the United Kingdom Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and the United Kingdom Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004 to the Island. The relevant sections concerning traffic in prostitution (section 145 of the 2002 Act) and trafficking people for exploitation (section 4 of the 2004 Act) are...more
March 3, 2016, 11:33 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that some steps were taken by the State party to address the situation of “comfort women” but regrets the State party’s failure to find a lasting solution for the situation of “comfort women” victimized during the Second World War and expresses concern at the deletion of references to this issue in school textbooks" (8). "While welcoming the efforts undertaken by the State party to combat human trafficking, such as its establishment of the Anonymous Reporting Model Project, the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of trafficking in women and girls, the exploitation of prostitution, and the lack of measures aimed at rehabilitating women victims of trafficking. While...more
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"The Penal Code furthermore permits honor considerations to mitigate sentences. This clemency on the part of the justice system sends a message to Iraqi women and society at large that such gross acts of violence are tolerated" (para 9)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"If arrested, they [prostitutes] are at risk of being charged with adultery and, if convicted, they could be sentenced to execution by stoning" (11)
Feb. 12, 2016, 12:53 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"An important role in the fight against organized crime, including human trafficking, is played by the federal law 'On State protection of victims, witnesses, and other participants in judicial actions', which was adopted in August 2004 and which provides various measures for safeguarding the safety of protected persons, for example, removal to new places of residence, alteration of documents, modification of appearance, providing personal bodyguards, guarding residences and property, issuing special means of individual protection, communications and warnings of danger, providing confidential information regarding the person under protection, changing the place of work or of education, and temporary transfer to a safe place. The aforementioned relates to the protection of...more
Jan. 23, 2016, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Federal Government took several measures on prostitution, including the establishment of the National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC), which intervenes at a preventive stage, and has projects to assist persons exiting the sex industry. The Government of British Columbia developed the Bridging Employment Program, which provides services to assist women victims of violence and/or abuse and women leaving the sex trade, in Vancouver, Prince Rupert, Duncan and Burnaby. The Vancouver Police Department participates in the Sister Watch project aimed at improving safety of marginalised women in Vancouver Downtown Eastside. The RCMP in Winnipeg developed the Exploited Persons Proactive Strategy (EPPS), as part of the Project Devote, to help to minimize...more
Dec. 31, 2015, 8:39 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The South Korean government says it operates 10 rehabilitation centers for prostitutes, providing them with 600,000 to 900,000 won in monthly stipends. Last year, the program helped 226 women return to school and 640 find new jobs, the government says" (para 26-27)
Dec. 30, 2015, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-2

"Prostitution unit works very close with Stockholm Social Services. All sexbuyers offered optional therapy after arrest. All persons encountered in prostitution informed about Swedish legislation and the possibility to help and support. Always offered to be taken to a shelter. Contact information to Prostitution unit always given" (6).
Nov. 14, 2015, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee is also concerned about the limited efforts of the State party to prevent the exploitation of prostitution and to address its root causes, as well as the lack of protection and assistance available to victims of trafficking and exploitation" (6)
Sept. 28, 2015, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that no temporary residence permits are granted to victims of trafficking who, after a 45-day reflection period, do not report having been victims of human trafficking and refuse or are unable to cooperate with prosecution authorities. It also notes with concern the absence of comprehensive information and data on trafficking in women and girls, the reportedly low number of prosecutions and convictions of traffickers, and reports of insufficient funding for combating trafficking in women and girls and for assisting victims" (6)
Aug. 28, 2015, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"From 2006 to the end of 2012, the MOJ granted special permission to stay to 52 (non-Japanese) female victims of trafficking in persons who had been staying illegally and had been forced to engage in prostitution. In order to provide protection to non-Japanese female victims of trafficking in persons, the Ministry has been working closely with women’s consultation offices, other organizations concerned, the diplomatic missions of the countries of origin and NGOs that engage in activities for the protection and support of women. In collaboration with the IOM, as assistance to those victims who wish to return home (Return and Reintegration Assistance to Victims of Trafficking in Japan), the Government...more
Aug. 21, 2015, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"A new 'six-month humanitarian visa and short-term residence permit practice' was introduced for the victims of human trafficking during the time of their treatment, care and legal proceedings to enable the issuance of a residence permit for a certain period. The Law on Foreigners and International Protection also includes protective provisions for the victims of human trafficking as well as the unaccompanied children" (15)
Aug. 3, 2015, 3:36 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"The draft Act on gender equality drawn up by the Ministry of Women's Rights proposes to add to the above Code a new article, L. 311-17, exempting victims of spousal violence or human trafficking from stamp taxes and fees on the initial residence permit (260 euros) and on renewals (106 euros). The proceeds from such taxes accrue to the French Immigration and Integration Office (OFII) and the French National Agency for Secure Documents (ANTS)" (page 21).
July 16, 2015, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee is also concerned about the 're-education' of women involved in prostitution without clear and transparent objectives and procedures" (page 3). "The Committee is deeply concerned that the State party does not acknowledge the existence of the exploitation of prostitution. ... The Committee is further concerned about the lack of efforts to prevent the exploitation of prostitution and to address its root causes, and the lack of protection and services available to victims of such exploitation" (page 6).