The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for IRP-LAW-2

Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"On 10 July 2008 the Government adopted an Action plan against prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes. The action plan focuses on the needs of the individual and consists of 5 action areas: increased support and protection for victims; stronger preventive work; enhanced quality and effectiveness in the justice system; the development of action targeted at perpetrators; greater national and international collaboration; and increased knowledge . . . The Government commissioned the Stockholm County Administrative Board to coordinate at national level the work being done by government agencies against prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes. The work covers stronger collaboration, operational support on methods, work on secure return ...more
Jan. 20, 2018, 4 p.m.
Countries: Italy

"'In Italy, we’re very good at the process of emergency reception—the humanitarian aspect,' Salvatore Vella, a prosecutor in the Sicilian city of Agrigento, told me. 'They arrive. We give them something to eat. We put them in a reception center. But after that? There is no solution. What do we do with these people?'” (para 109). Italy tries to treat trafficking victims with respect and compassion, but has no plan in place for providing for them past the point of reception (AA-CODER COMMENT). "The authorities listened to her story, then repatriated her to Benin City" (para 114). This is an example of a trafficked sex worker being returned to her ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"Women and others in prostitution are not to be criminalized or subjected to administrative punishments, and have a right to live lives without being subjected to violence through the harm of prostitution. To end prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes, the political, social, legal and economic conditions under which women and girls live must be ameliorated by introducing measures such as poverty reduction, sustainable development, measures that promote gender equality and counteract male violence against women and girls, as well as social programs focusing specifically on women and girls" (page 2)."Those who are exploited in prostitution should be given adequate support and assistance, those who risk being prostituted should ...more
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea

"The law criminalizes defection and attempted defection, including the attempt to gain entry to a foreign diplomatic facility for the purpose of seeking political asylum. Individuals who cross the border with the purpose of defecting or seeking asylum in a third country are subject to a minimum of five years of 'labor correction.' In 'serious' cases defectors or asylum seekers are subjected to indefinite terms of imprisonment and forced labor, confiscation of property, or death. Many would-be refugees who were returned involuntarily were imprisoned under harsh conditions"(10)."The law does not provide for the granting of asylum or refugee status, nor has the government established a system for providing protection for ...more
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The commercial sexual exploitation of children generally occurred in tourist locations and major urban areas. The government conducted several programs to combat the sexual exploitation of minors, including posting notices in airports and targeted programs in popular tourist locations. The Ministry of Labor continued a program to combat exploitation in popular tourist destinations such as Boca Chica, Sosua, and Las Terrenas. These programs provided psychological support and medical assistance, returned children to classrooms, and reunited children with their families and communities whenever possible. The programs also provided legal assistance to child victims and their families to arrest and convict exploiters" (32).
Jan. 27, 2017, 1:34 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"sex workers will no longer be fined or jailed for public soliciting. And foreign sex workers actively trying to get out of prostitution can be given a six-month residential permit and state funding to prevent prostitution" (para 4).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

“The government provided asylum applicants with free legal aid at the appeal stage of the application process. Prior to the appeal stage, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), or the migrants themselves, paid for legal assistance. The country normally granted humanitarian protection to those with rejected applications and appeals” (6).
Aug. 23, 2016, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-2

"Prostitution has been criminalized after a joint effort by the Catholic Church and the Government. Sometimes security personnel provide protection to women. However, they also sometimes use their power to force women into prostitution and have sexual relations" (15). "The society, the State, (in particular, the government) and the Catholic Church marginalizes sex work and does not provide any social protection or legal recognition for sex workers" (52).
June 27, 2016, 9:53 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"Thailand has facilitated safe return of foreign victims, such as sharing of information with source countries during the national verification process and provision of interpreters to assist the victims throughout the process. In case of complicated cases, consultations among agencies involved, including from the source and destination countries, have been conducted" (17).
April 21, 2016, 6:48 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee commends the State party for ratifying the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings on 19 September 2007 and the many other measures taken to address the issue of trafficking in women and children. The Committee also commends the financial assistance provided to countries of origin as well as non-governmental organizations based in these countries for victims of trafficking outreach, identification and rehabilitation, trafficking prevention and law enforcement anti-trafficking projects. It welcomes the amendment of the Aliens Act on 1 August 2007 which, among other things, provides for an extended reflection period of up to 100 days during which victims of trafficking may stay ...more
April 18, 2016, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom

"In relation to trafficking persons (women or men) into the Isle of Man for the purposes of exploitation and prostitution the Island’s legislation was updated in 2008. The Isle of Man immigration and nationality legislation is the United Kingdom legislation as extended to the Island with appropriate modifications. The Immigration (Isle of Man) Order 2008 extended, inter alia, provisions of the United Kingdom Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and the United Kingdom Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004 to the Island. The relevant sections concerning traffic in prostitution (section 145 of the 2002 Act) and trafficking people for exploitation (section 4 of the 2004 Act) are ...more
March 3, 2016, 11:33 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that some steps were taken by the State party to address the situation of “comfort women” but regrets the State party’s failure to find a lasting solution for the situation of “comfort women” victimized during the Second World War and expresses concern at the deletion of references to this issue in school textbooks" (8). "While welcoming the efforts undertaken by the State party to combat human trafficking, such as its establishment of the Anonymous Reporting Model Project, the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of trafficking in women and girls, the exploitation of prostitution, and the lack of measures aimed at rehabilitating women victims of trafficking. While ...more
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iraq

"The Penal Code furthermore permits honor considerations to mitigate sentences. This clemency on the part of the justice system sends a message to Iraqi women and society at large that such gross acts of violence are tolerated" (para 9)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"If arrested, they [prostitutes] are at risk of being charged with adultery and, if convicted, they could be sentenced to execution by stoning" (11)
Feb. 12, 2016, 12:53 a.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"An important role in the fight against organized crime, including human trafficking, is played by the federal law 'On State protection of victims, witnesses, and other participants in judicial actions', which was adopted in August 2004 and which provides various measures for safeguarding the safety of protected persons, for example, removal to new places of residence, alteration of documents, modification of appearance, providing personal bodyguards, guarding residences and property, issuing special means of individual protection, communications and warnings of danger, providing confidential information regarding the person under protection, changing the place of work or of education, and temporary transfer to a safe place. The aforementioned relates to the protection of ...more
Jan. 23, 2016, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Federal Government took several measures on prostitution, including the establishment of the National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC), which intervenes at a preventive stage, and has projects to assist persons exiting the sex industry. The Government of British Columbia developed the Bridging Employment Program, which provides services to assist women victims of violence and/or abuse and women leaving the sex trade, in Vancouver, Prince Rupert, Duncan and Burnaby. The Vancouver Police Department participates in the Sister Watch project aimed at improving safety of marginalised women in Vancouver Downtown Eastside. The RCMP in Winnipeg developed the Exploited Persons Proactive Strategy (EPPS), as part of the Project Devote, to help to minimize ...more
Dec. 31, 2015, 8:39 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The South Korean government says it operates 10 rehabilitation centers for prostitutes, providing them with 600,000 to 900,000 won in monthly stipends. Last year, the program helped 226 women return to school and 640 find new jobs, the government says" (para 26-27)
Dec. 30, 2015, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: Sweden

"Prostitution unit works very close with Stockholm Social Services. All sexbuyers offered optional therapy after arrest. All persons encountered in prostitution informed about Swedish legislation and the possibility to help and support. Always offered to be taken to a shelter. Contact information to Prostitution unit always given" (6).
Nov. 14, 2015, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee is also concerned about the limited efforts of the State party to prevent the exploitation of prostitution and to address its root causes, as well as the lack of protection and assistance available to victims of trafficking and exploitation" (6)
Sept. 28, 2015, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Belgium

"The Committee notes with concern that no temporary residence permits are granted to victims of trafficking who, after a 45-day reflection period, do not report having been victims of human trafficking and refuse or are unable to cooperate with prosecution authorities. It also notes with concern the absence of comprehensive information and data on trafficking in women and girls, the reportedly low number of prosecutions and convictions of traffickers, and reports of insufficient funding for combating trafficking in women and girls and for assisting victims" (6)
Aug. 28, 2015, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"From 2006 to the end of 2012, the MOJ granted special permission to stay to 52 (non-Japanese) female victims of trafficking in persons who had been staying illegally and had been forced to engage in prostitution. In order to provide protection to non-Japanese female victims of trafficking in persons, the Ministry has been working closely with women’s consultation offices, other organizations concerned, the diplomatic missions of the countries of origin and NGOs that engage in activities for the protection and support of women. In collaboration with the IOM, as assistance to those victims who wish to return home (Return and Reintegration Assistance to Victims of Trafficking in Japan), the Government ...more
Aug. 21, 2015, 9:27 a.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"A new 'six-month humanitarian visa and short-term residence permit practice' was introduced for the victims of human trafficking during the time of their treatment, care and legal proceedings to enable the issuance of a residence permit for a certain period. The Law on Foreigners and International Protection also includes protective provisions for the victims of human trafficking as well as the unaccompanied children" (15)
Aug. 3, 2015, 3:36 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-LAW-2

"The draft Act on gender equality drawn up by the Ministry of Women's Rights proposes to add to the above Code a new article, L. 311-17, exempting victims of spousal violence or human trafficking from stamp taxes and fees on the initial residence permit (260 euros) and on renewals (106 euros). The proceeds from such taxes accrue to the French Immigration and Integration Office (OFII) and the French National Agency for Secure Documents (ANTS)" (page 21).
July 16, 2015, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee is also concerned about the 're-education' of women involved in prostitution without clear and transparent objectives and procedures" (page 3). "The Committee is deeply concerned that the State party does not acknowledge the existence of the exploitation of prostitution. ... The Committee is further concerned about the lack of efforts to prevent the exploitation of prostitution and to address its root causes, and the lack of protection and services available to victims of such exploitation" (page 6).
June 15, 2015, 7:53 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"New provisions for their prevention of trafficking in human beings were also added to the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on the Legal Status of Aliens of 1 February 2008. These concern first of all Article 26, Conditions of Issue or Replacement of a Residence Permit, which sets out, in paragraph 1, the conditions that an alien must meet in order to qualify for a residence permit. Paragraph 2 sets that the alien who is or has been a victim of human trafficking and who cooperates with the pre-trial investigation body or the court in combating human trafficking or offences linked to human trafficking may be exempted from the ...more
May 29, 2015, 7:24 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"The [CEDAW] Committee is also concerned at the lack of shelters and counselling assistance for victims of trafficking and prostitution" (7)
May 6, 2015, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"Niger ratified the group of conventions relevant to the human trafficking, and their provisions have been implemented domestically in the national legislation, and article 14 of the Constitution stipulates that 'no one will be subject to torture, slavery, nor to cruel, inhuman, or degrading services or treatment.' Also, to help this vulnerable group (trafficking victims and prostitutes), the state has taken action to their benefit, notably the fight against HIV/AIDS and the support given to help them find other income generating activities"
May 6, 2015, 1:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"Victims of trafficking, domestic violence, and other serious crimes; access to refugee cash assistance and employment social services; exemption from work requirements; use of state funds. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the department shall ensure that noncitizen victims of trafficking, domestic violence, and other serious crimes, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 18945, have access to refugee cash assistance, and refugee employment social services set forth in this chapter, to the same extent as individuals who are admitted to the United States as refugees under Section 1157 of Title 8 of the United States Code" (7)
May 1, 2015, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

"Le divorce est facile pour des mariages non officiels et difficile pour des mariages officiels mais des femmes divorcees peuvent devenir des prostitues. En ces cas, elles peuvent avoir honte a rentrer chez leurs parents. Il n'y a pas des programmes gouvernemental ou ONG pour aider des prostituées. (Translation) Divorce is easy to get for unofficial marriages, but difficult for official marriages. However, divorced women may become prostitutes. In these cases, they may be ashamed to return home to their parents. There are no government programs or NGOs that help prostitutes (Translation RMH)" (para 9)
April 10, 2015, 4:28 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: IRP-LAW-2

[Rwandan] Rebels also kidnap the women [from the Kivu region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo] to use them as sex slaves during months or years. Boys and girls born in this context are rejected by the community. People lose their humanity, their lives, their homes, their children and become internally displaced or refugees. The whole country is affected by this situation (para 6). The strong connection between sexual slavery and large numbers of refugees indicates there are few asylum options for those in these positions (ASM--CODER COMMENT)