The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-LAW-4

Sept. 15, 2017, 7:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-LAW-4, IRP-LAW-5

"Prostitution in itself is legal in France — though brothels, pimping and the sale of sex by minors are illegal"(para 2)
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"Not all migrants working as prostitutes in Tapachula's bars are victims of trafficking but a blurry line often exists between those who voluntarily engage in adult prostitution, which is legal in Mexico, and those coerced into sex work"(para 27)
March 9, 2017, 1:16 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"As will be discussed below, international law recognizes that while individuals tend to engage in sexual exchange as a result of poverty or extreme socio-economic distress, they are not to be penalized for this coping strategy, and in general such exchanges are not themselves prohibited.99 However, where an individual is withholding necessary resources they have been tasked with distributing, or when the individual abuses a position of power to obtain sex, the person engaging in survival sex is regarded as the victim of sexual exploitation—a human rights abuse" (22).
Jan. 3, 2017, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4, GEW-PRACTICE-2, GEW-DATA-1

“In April 2014 in Rio de Janeiro, police raided sex venues supposedly to rid the city of illegal activities such as pimping and child prostitution in the period preceding the 2014 soccer World Cup. While prostitution is legal, the NGOs Observatorio de Prostituicao and Justica Global alleged the police acted without warrants, beat prostitutes, stole money, demanded sexual services, gang-raped women, and retaliated against the women who reported their actions, including abducting one of the women and threatening her family; investigations continued at year’s end” (3).
May 4, 2016, 6:17 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"The Netherlands is one of six European countries to legalise the sex industry" (111).
April 18, 2016, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"As previously reported, procuring a person to become a prostitute anywhere in the world or procuring a person to leave the Isle of Man for the purposes of prostitution are offences under the Sexual Offences 1992 (of Tynwald)" (3)
March 3, 2016, 11:33 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"While welcoming the efforts undertaken by the State party to combat human trafficking, such as its establishment of the Anonymous Reporting Model Project, the Committee remains concerned about the persistence of trafficking in women and girls, the exploitation of prostitution, and the lack of measures aimed at rehabilitating women victims of trafficking. While noting with satisfaction the sharp decrease in the granting of entertainment visas, the Committee is concerned at information suggesting that internship and trainee programmes could be used for the purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation. The Committee is further concerned that prostitutes are subject to prosecution under the Anti-Prostitution Law, while their clients do not face ...more
Feb. 18, 2016, 4:31 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"However, prostitution is not a legally punishable offence in Senegal and is strictly regulated by Act No. 66-21 of 1 February 1966 and its implementing decree (Decree No. 69-616 of 10 May 1969). The law requires women who engage in such activity to be of age and to be registered in a health database maintained by the Preventive Health Department of the Ministry of Health. They are subject to fortnightly medical check-ups, which are recorded on a health card that they are required to keep and present upon request to the health and administrative authorities. Non-registration in the database and failure to keep the health card up-to-date are criminal offences ...more
June 29, 2015, 2:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-LAW-4

"The Committee is further concerned that Hong Kong, China, has not repealed the legislative provisions on 'vice establishment', which compel women in prostitution to work alone in isolated settings, where they are exposed to a higher risk of abuse, exploitation and violence by clients" (page 12).
June 16, 2015, 2:42 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"The Committee is deeply concerned that the State party does not acknowledge the existence of exploitation of prostitution...The Committee is also concerned about the lack of efforts to prevent the exploitation of prostitution and to address its root causes, and the lack of protection and services available to victims of such exploitation" (6)
April 24, 2015, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Attitudes towards prostitution in Australia are divided. In New South Wales and Victoria, prostitution has been legalized. Prostitution is legal in Western Australia, but pimping, soliciting in a public place and brothels are not legally permitted – dialogue continues at very high government levels within the state in terms of adopting the Swedish model"
April 9, 2015, 12:01 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"The ranks of streetwalkers have surged here in the heart of Catholicism, a swell that Rome’s officials are decrying as a stain on the dignity of the city’s citizens. But in a town of sinners as well as saints, outright bans on selling sex have failed before, leaving city authorities to put their faith in a new approach. Their plan is to corral the growing number of sex workers into an unpopulated set of designated streets — in short, a tucked-away red-light district. Proponents reason the working girls can still serve male clients, but beyond the delicate eyes of wives, grandmothers and children" (para 1-2). "Some are also bristling at ...more
Jan. 2, 2015, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In recent years, the most sweeping example of decriminalization by national law is New Zealand’s Prostitution Reform Act of 2003. The law explicitly states that its intent is at once to decriminalize prostitution undertaken by persons over the age of 18 years and to 'safeguard the human rights of sex workers and protect them from exploitation,' as well as to pursue public health goals. The law requires that all efforts be made to ensure the use of condoms in sex work, whether in brothels or otherwise, but infractions of those rules are not criminal offenses (articles 8 and 9). The law explicitly states that sex workers are covered under the ...more
Jan. 2, 2015, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In the West African country of Senegal, women over the age of 21 may register and work legally as sex workers if they submit to periodic medical examinations and carry a record of their registration and their medical exams.35 Senegal first instituted legalized sex work in the 1960s to curb the spread of STIs" (6)
Jan. 2, 2015, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"The Australian state of New South Wales has also decriminalized sex work" (6)
Jan. 2, 2015, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Germany legalized sex work in 2002, replacing a quasi-criminal law regime under which sex work was unevenly prosecuted" (7)
Dec. 17, 2014, 9:55 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"But a number of countries with legalised regimes have found that repealing all laws have created a new set of problems. The Netherlands, which legalised its brothel scene in 2000, is already backtracking, with its politicians admitting that legalisation has failed to deliver on its promises. In Amsterdam criminal gangs rather than individual entrepreneurs, control the red-light area. In recent years the local council has attempted to transform the reputation of the city. More than half of the window brothels have been replaced by museums, restaurants and art galleries" (para 12-13)
Dec. 17, 2014, 9:54 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Legalisation offers little benefit to the women, as most do not wish to register as prostitutes, and often they are controlled by men with whom they live. This means they don't benefit from the freedom that being a ‘sole trader' is supposed to bring. But it does benefit the pimps, who, under legalisation, become ‘managers'. As a result, the men who buy and sell women are de-stigmatised, and by claiming that prostitution is a legitimate career choice, many more women will be coerced into this abusive industry. Surely the UK can take a brave step towards ending the sex trade, rather than continuing to view it as an inevitable part ...more
Sept. 23, 2014, 11:20 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Foreign governments have been carefully watching the effectiveness of the more comprehensive Norwegian and Swedish approach, which punishes buying but not selling" (para 2)
Sept. 23, 2014, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Following the example of its neighbor Sweden, Norway criminalized buying sex in 2009, but critics said the law would push prostitution underground, making women more vulnerable and increasing the likelihood of violence against them. Nations like Finland, France and England have adapted a partial ban, making it illegal to buy sex from a person who was trafficked or pimped. Foreign governments have been carefully watching the effectiveness of the more comprehensive Norwegian and Swedish approach, which punishes buying but not selling. 'This report does not find any evidence of more violence against prostitutes after the ban on buying sex entered into force,' said the report, which was published on Monday. ...more
Aug. 26, 2014, 8:11 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Canada's attorney general unveiled a law Wednesday that makes it legal to sell sex to individuals but illegal to buy it, after the high court struck down an anti-prostitution law. The new law switches the focus of criminal charges from sellers of sex to potential buyers, and prohibits advertising sexual services. 'We're targeting Johns and pimps, those that treat sexual services as a commodity,' Justice Minister and Attorney General Peter MacKay. He said the measure will endeavor to protect communities as well as vulnerable people, 'and recognizes the inherent dangers associated with prostitution'" (para 1-4). "The Supreme Court in December struck down key provisions of the original law that effectively ...more
Feb. 21, 2014, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Legislation in France lies somewhere between laws in the Netherlands and Germany, where registered sex workers pay taxes and receive health benefits, and Sweden, where clients are already targeted. But as France considers adopting a much tougher attitude, prostitution in Germany has become a heated political issue once again - 11 years after the country decriminalized prostitution and gave sex workers legal status that allowed them to get health insurance and pensions ($1 = 0.7360 euros)" (para 12-13)
Oct. 10, 2013, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Has Germany's prostitution law improved the situation of women like Sina? Five years after it was introduced, the Family Ministry evaluated what the new legislation had achieved. The report states that the objectives were "only partially achieved," and that deregulation had 'not brought about any measurable actual improvement in the social coverage of prostitutes.' Neither working conditions nor the ability to exit the profession had improved. Finally, there was 'no solid proof to date' that the law had reduced crime. Hardly a single court had heard a case involving a prostitute suing for her wages. Only 1 percent of the women surveyed said that they had signed an employment contract ...more
Oct. 2, 2013, 8:08 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"When the prostitution law was enacted, the German civil code was also amended. The phrase 'promotion of prostitution,' a criminal offence, was replaced with 'exploitation of prostitutes.' Procurement is a punishable offence when it is 'exploitative' or 'dirigiste.' Police and public prosecutors are frustrated, because these elements of an offence are very difficult to prove. A pimp can be considered exploitative, for example, if he collects more than half of a prostitute's earnings, which is rarely possible to prove. In 2000, 151 people were convicted of procurement, while in 2011 it was only 32. The aim of the law's initiators was in fact to strengthen the rights of the women, ...more
Oct. 2, 2013, 8:06 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-4

"It seems likely that every law enforcement officer who works in a red-light environment hears this same web of lies over and over again. The purpose of the fiction is to cover up all indications of human trafficking, in which women are brought to Germany and exploited there. It becomes a statement that transforms women like Alina into autonomous prostitutes, businesswomen who have chosen their profession freely and to whom Germany now wishes to offer good working conditions in the sex sector of the service industry. That's the 'respectable whore' image politicians seem in thrall of: free to do as they like, covered under the social insurance system, doing work ...more
Aug. 13, 2013, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Policemen and journalists are the two groups of people they fear most, even more so since the middle of last month, when Ye Haiyan, an advocate for sex workers' rights, was released from detention, attracting considerable media attention. ‘The police have been tailing journalists until they leave Bobai. If sex workers were found to be talking to a reporter, they would be arrested and fined and the whole sex shop would be raided and shut down. Many would lose their jobs,’ said a local rights activist who claimed to have been threatened by a senior police inspector. The instructions for such action would have come from the state security personnel ...more
July 24, 2013, 4:57 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Werner Schmuck, a shareholder in the project, explained that new Viennese regulations requiring brothels to have official permits made locating the FunMotel in the capital an impractical option. The Austrian press reported that local authorities and the police have already given their consent to the project. News of the mega-brothel has so far elicited a mixed reaction in a country where prostitution is both legal and regulated" (para 5-6)
July 18, 2013, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"In early June, Canadian Immigration Minister Jason Kenney announced the government won’t be giving out temporary work visas for foreign strippers. “Canadians have told us they want us to put a stop to foreign workers entering Canada to work in businesses where there are reasonable grounds to suspect a risk of sexual exploitation,” wrote Alexis Pavlich, spokesperson for the ministry, in an email. “It is disgraceful that Tim Lambrinos would now intentionally target underage Canadian high school youth.” [...] Lambrinos’ association represents a total of 38,000 strippers across the country, 25 to 30 per cent of whom are currently students. About 800 of those strippers are in Canada under temporary ...more
July 16, 2013, 10:12 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"Following widespread criticism, Brazil's health ministry has scrapped an online campaign called "I'm happy being a prostitute." Prostitution is legal in Brazil and is expected to spike as the nation gears up for the FIFA World Cup in 2014 and the Olympics in 2016. The campaign aimed to promote safe sex and reduce the stigma against sex workers. Other posters in the campaign carried slogans such as "I cannot be seen without a condom, my love." But Tuesday, Health Minister Alexandre Padilha dropped the campaign, telling reporters he didn't think it was a message his office should be sending. "The role of the ministry is to have specific content to ...more
April 16, 2013, 3:06 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: IRP-LAW-4

"It is, however, concerned at the continuing prevalence of trafficking in women and girls for exploitation mainly for prostitution, and that the mandatory weekly health tests for sex workers may not respect their human rights to privacy and bodily integrity" (5)