The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 12, 2019, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1

"Iranian and some foreign women and girls, as well as some men, are highly vulnerable to sex trafficking in Iran. Although prostitution is illegal in Iran, a local NGO estimated in 2017 that prostitution is endemic throughout the country, and reports estimate sex traffickers exploit children as young as 10 years old" (253)
Aug. 29, 2019, 11:29 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-4

"Prostitution is legal and regulated in Germany. The government did not make efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex" (216).
Aug. 18, 2019, 7:36 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to distribute materials from the 'If You Are a Man, You Will Not Buy a Woman' anti-prostitution campaign" (170).
July 21, 2019, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Tanzania has one of the highest adolescent pregnancy rates in the world, with widespread sexual violence and girls exchanging sex for school fees, food and shelter, according to the UN" (para 18).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1

"The Constitution prohibits trading of humans, the exploitation of prostitution, and obscenity, which affects the reputation of women (Article 34). The Law on the Suppression of Trafficking and Exploitation of Prostitution and the Criminal Code specify a range of punishments targeting the abolishment of trafficking and exploitation of prostitution" (38).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned about discrimination and violence against women in prostitution and their children, who face stigmatization, forced evictions and frequent police harassment and are often denied access to education and health care" (6). "Women and girls living with HIV/AIDS and women in prostitution have limited access to health services owing to stigmatization and social ostracism" (11).
July 9, 2019, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The refusal of local administrations to issue identity documents to women in prostitution in case of debts to the State owing to the fines imposed, preventing them from entering other forms of employment" (8).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-LAW-1

"It remains concerned that prostitution is punishable by a term of imprisonment and a fine, exposing women to a risk of violence and abuse, including by the police" (8).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the absence of information on women in prostitution in the State party, as well as reports of police violence, extortion, arbitrary arrests and detention without warrants of women in prostitution" (7).
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Forced prostitution including cases in which married women are forced into sex work by their husbands or in-laws" (2).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports women and girls in the 'devadasi' system of symbolic marriages to Hindu deities were victims of rape or sexual abuse at the hands of priests and temple patrons, a form of sex trafficking. NGOs suggested families forced some SC girls into prostitution in temples to mitigate household financial burdens and the prospect of marriage dowries. Some states have laws to curb prostitution or sexual abuse of women and girls in temple service. Enforcement of these laws remained lax, and the problem was widespread. Some observers estimated more than 450,000 women and girls engaged in temple-related prostitution" (40).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"On 1 January 2016, new provisions for medical examinations of sex workers were introduced. While health tests previously took place weekly, they are now conducted every six weeks. Furthermore, public health officers are required to inform sex workers during the first examination about infection risks, ways to avoid infections, contraception, gynaecological screenings and protective vaccinations. Sex workers must also be informed about existing support and counselling institutions in this initial conversation. The provisions also clearly state that examinations are free of charge. The Working Group on Prostitution published a multilingual brochure containing information for sex workers about essential rights and obligations, infection prevention and important points of contact. It was...more
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The reports of widespread violence and discrimination against women in prostitution, enabled by the penalization of prostitution as an administrative offence under article 6.11 of the Code of Administrative Offences, which results in various forms of abuse, including extortion, beatings, rape and even killing of women in prostitution, the limited assistance available to them and the absence of exit and reintegration programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (7).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Action plan against prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes, in 2008" (2).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"In the past the government enacted regulations to reduce a form of sex tourism in which significant numbers of foreigners, particularly Saudis and Emiratis, entered into temporary marriages with young Yemeni women (as is possible under Islamic law). They then left the bride, frequently pregnant, without means of support, to return to their countries of origin, where they would terminate the temporary marriage" (14). "Prior to the outbreak of conflict, observers reported the practice of foreigners visiting the country to enter short-term marriages with underage girls...In 2014 the Ministry of Interior attempted to stop the use of “temporary marriage” provisions of Islamic law as a vehicle for sex tourism. There...more
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee notes that prostitution is legal in the State party. Nevertheless, it is concerned by the lack of precise information on the existing programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution and the specific policy measures for prosecuting so-called 'lover-boys' who exploit women and girls in prostitution" (8).
May 24, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The government and NGOs hosted seminars to train tourism-sector employees, and many major international hotels in Vientiane and Luang Prabang displayed posters warning against child sex tourism" (p. 17).
May 4, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Forced labor continued to be a problem in the commercial sex industry, often due to disputes between women and their employers over wage amounts agreed in oral contracts" (p. 23).
April 18, 2019, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Deteriorating economic circumstances led to an increasing number of adolescent boys and girls entering prostitution to support family or to pay for education. One NGO reported commercial sexual exploitation of children as young as 14. While not marked as a destination for child sex tourism, cases were reported of tourists involved in sexual exploitation of children. There were also reported cases of parents forcing their young children into prostitution" (14).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"A study conducted by the Johns Hopkins Center for Communication Programs in 2012 showed that most girls who had dropped out or never been to school lived in difficult conditions in which they were unable to meet their basic needs for food, clothing, health services, information and housing. Some of these girls resorted to clandestine or professional prostitution... There were several different ways these girls had entered into prostitution. In fact, 46.6 per cent had entered voluntarily, 40.7 per cent had been encouraged and 5.8 per cent had been forced to do so" (23).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The labor ministry assisted women involved in prostitution, including providing emergency shelters, daytime centers, and therapeutic hostels" (36).
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"(f) The insufficient efforts to prevent trafficking and the exploitation of women and girls in prostitution and to address its root causes (g) The potentially increased risk to the security and health of women in prostitution, in particular indigenous women, brought about by the criminalization of prostitution under certain circumstances as provided for in the new legislation" (11).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGO activists, men who have sex with men were discouraged from seeking antiretroviral treatment, since treatment exposed the fact that these individuals had the virus, while sex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies" (57).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There were multiple reports of so-called survival sex by refugees to obtain income to supplement food rations and other necessities in the Dzaleka Camp" (para 63).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits the commercial sexual exploitation of children and child pornography, and authorities generally enforced the law, although girls continued to be exploited in prostitution in exchange for money, food, and school fees. Additionally, sex in exchange for grades was a pervasive problem in secondary schools, with many teachers forcing female students to exchange sexual favors for passing grades" (26).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"In refugee communities, some families reportedly prostituted young women and girls due to economic desperation" (para 215).
March 21, 2019, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported that prostitution of girls under the age of 18 remained a problem. NGOs strongly criticized the frequent practice of charging juveniles (children between the age of 14 and 18) for petty offenses and blaming the children for 'prostituting themselves.' Authorities sanctioned 78 minors for prostitution petty offenses through October 30. In 2014 courts convicted 272 children (of whom 271 were girls) under 18 for prostitution. Most of the children convicted for prostitution received a warning or a fine, but courts sentenced 53 girls to imprisonment" (38).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the unintended consequences of the criminalization, since 2009, of the purchase of sexual activity or a sexual act from adults, in particular the higher risk for the personal safety and physical integrity of women in prostitution, as reflected in the low reporting rate of physical and sexual violence, exploitation and harassment, and the risk of their being evicted from their premises when used for prostitution. The Committee is further concerned that an evaluation conducted in 2014 of the effects of the introduction of the Nordic model in the State party has not been followed up with the formulation of new policies for the protection of...more
March 11, 2019, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"'We had girls staggering into moving traffic with no socks and shoes on when it was snowing, in an absolute blind state from drugs,” she said. “It’s so distressing for parents and children to see that on the school run in the morning'. Not that Ms Bentley-Smith feels anything but compassion for the 'enslaved' prostitutes and disdain for the men exploiting them" (para 3-4). Shows inconformity and unacceptance with prostitution (CCS-CODER COMMENT). "In Leeds, as elsewhere, the statistics speak for themselves: complaints of rapes and sexual assaults have doubled in Holbeck and Beeston and rates of gonorrhoea, syphilis and chlamydia are up in Leeds, as is the prevalence of HIV....more
March 11, 2019, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Jurgen Rudloff, a smart-suited media-friendly father of four teenage children and owner of the Paradise brothel in Stuttgart, was ostensibly the clean face of German prostitution. He boasted his women were 'independent entrepreneurs' working in a venue with bars, sauna, restaurant and in-house gynaecologist. In March, however, he appeared in court with three of his colleagues accused of human trafficking, exploiting prostitutes, pimping and fraud. Prosecutors say he used two gangs – Hells Angels and United Tribuns – to procure women for his brothels. Some of the women were allegedly deprived of all their earnings by pimps. Those that tried to escape were beaten and threatened. Several were tattooed with...more