The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"'With such high interest rates, a poor family can very quickly find themselves with 4 lakh (roughly $296), 5 lakh (roughly $370) or even 6 lakh (roughly $444) of debt … there are only [a] few ways to get that sort of money fast, and sex work is one of the fastest money earning activities you can find,' says anthropologist Maxime Boutry" (para 19). "'If you are the woman in the family and not educated, your only choice is sex work. Life is very hard here, especially in Yangon, and we have to find money for our family to survive,' she says fighting back the tears. 'In this industry I...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

""Sex work is not a crime in Italy, but it attracts the attention of the police, so trafficking networks try to get residency permits for every girl they send to work on the streets" (para 100). Prostitution is not a crime, but the police still link it with other unsavory/illegal practices, which would influence society's general view of sex workers being inherently bad (AA-CODER COMMENT). "'There’s an extraordinary level of implicit racism here, and it’s evident in the fact that there are no underage Italian girls working the streets,' Father Enzo Volpe, a priest who runs a center for migrant children and trafficking victims, told me. 'Society dictates that it’s...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The U.N. report, published the same year, concluded that the industry was “so ingrained in Edo State, especially in Benin City and its immediate environs, that it is estimated that virtually every Benin family has one member or the other involved.” Today, tens of thousands of Edo women have done sex work in Europe, and some streets in Benin City are named for madams. The city is filled with women and girls who have come back, but some who can’t find work end up making the journey again" (para 21). "Nuns working for an organization called the Committee for the Support and Dignity of Women travel to local schools and...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that a large number of women and girls are subjected to exploitation through prostitution in the State party and that women in prostitution are criminalized under the Suppression and Prevention of Prostitution Act of 1996, whereas those who exploit women in prostitution are rarely prosecuted. It also notes with concern that women working in the entertainment sector are presumed to be guilty of prostitution under the Act, arrested and subjected to humiliating treatment following violent police raids and targeted in entrapment operations by police officers. The Committee is further concerned at reports of official complicity in the exploitation of women in prostitution, includ ing largescale extortion...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Nat, the wife, has had a very troubled life. She was bought as a child by a family who then “lent” her to a prostitution house for money" (para 5).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:56 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"In an attempt to redefine Thailand as a destination for 'quality' tourism, tourism minister Kobkarn Wattanavrangkul recently proclaimed she wants the country’s sex industry 'gone.' At the same time, police have launched a series of raids on bars and clubs, saying the aim is to tackle trafficking, underage sex work and licensing breaches" (para 2). "According to Empower spokeswoman Liz Hilton, the story is the same for many of the disadvantaged Thai women who choose to enter the sex industry: After trying to make ends meet in a series of jobs, they turn to sex work as a last-ditch attempt to fulfill their economic duties. 'This is a group of...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:56 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"A lot of women, and men, in Thailand sell sexual services for money...Only over the last few years has the full body massage (no penetration) become extremely popular, with new houses of supposedly ill-repute opening and closing – as is often the case with the service orientated industry in Thailand – all over the country. There’s also now what is referred to as the business of sidelines, which is young girls, supposedly of a more pure status, selling themselves online. It’s no secret; in this report by the Kinsey Institute, “90% of the [Thai] male participants had had sex with a prostitute and 74% had lost their virginity with a...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There were also allegations that police officers participated directly in the trafficking of persons and commonly frequented illegal brothels" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There continued to be isolated reports of children exploited in domestic servitude, mining, forced begging, and commercial sexual exploitation of children" (43).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Girls from towns bordering South Africa, Zambia, and Mozambique were subjected to prostitution in brothels that catered to longdistance truck drivers...The proportion of orphans in the country remained very high...Some children were forced to turn to prostitution for income" (38).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of boys and girls surviving on the streets in prostitution and of underage girls employed in dance bars, massage parlors, and cabin restaurants (a type of brothel)" (33).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"An estimated 95 percent of women were dependent on the community or family-based (typically agricultural) economy. Many young women also engaged in transactional sex with older, wealthier men in order to survive economically" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Children engaged in prostitution, and the country was a destination for sex tourism" (31).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There were multiple reports of so-called “survival sex” by refugees to obtain income to supplement food rations and other necessities in the camp" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Several cultural and traditional practices resulted in the sexual exploitation of young women and girls. For example, in some remote areas, the traditional practice of “Tsenan’ampela” (girl markets) continued. Starting at age 13, girls go to cattle markets, where they try to attract cattle owners and negotiate a price for a “marriage,” which can last for a night or the duration of the market (from Friday to Monday), according to the UN special rapporteur’s 2013 report. Such girls generally were paid up to 10,000 ariary ($3) a night and returned home after the market" (20).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs and local media reported sex tourism and the number of street children in Cairo and other metropolitan areas (where criminals sometimes sexually exploited children) remained high due to economic hardship. Temporary marriages were also sometimes used to mask sexual exploitation of children and child prostitution" (43). "According to government, NGO, and media reports, the number of street children in Cairo continued to increase in the face of deteriorating economic conditions. Such children were at greater risk of sexual exploitation or forced begging" (50).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-1, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Women face stigmatization by family and community members when reporting certain crimes, in particular conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence and harmful practices, including forced and early marriage, sexual slavery, rape and torture" (page 4).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned: . . . (d) That data on the exploitation of prostitution are not available, notwithstanding reports that women who engage in prostitution face violence and exploitation, including at the hands of the police" (page 9).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

“the vast majority of women in prostitution are driven into it because of economic hardship or drug dependence” (8)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that women in prostitution run a heightened risk of gender-based violence, including abuse by the police, murder, gang rape, extortion, robbery, forced sex practices and forced non-usage of condoms. The Committee notes with concern the widely held prejudices against women in prostitution and that they face fines or arrest when they seek access to justice, social services and health care" (8)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: (a) The significant increase of prostitution in areas with high concentrations of Syrian refugees, particularly among girls and young women between 15 and 20 years of age, who often resort to prostitution to be able to gain access to food and other essential goods for themselves and their children" (page 3). "The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to combat trafficking in persons. It is concerned, however, about the persistence of trafficking in women and girls, both internal and cross-border, for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including frequent cases of Syrian girls being trafficked into exploitation in prostitution through false promises...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned about reports of women and girls who are compelled by circumstances to enter into 'transactional sex' in exchange for food and other survival items" (8).
May 4, 2018, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Rachel Moran, founder and executive director of SPACE International (Survivors of Prostitution-Abuse Calling for Enlightenment), was a key Irish abolitionist activist who advocated for the law as part of the Turn Off the Red Light campaign, a coalition of direct service providers, survivor-led groups, women's rights organizations, labor unions, medical providers and other groups in Ireland" (pp 3)
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is also concerned about discrimination against women sex workers and the lack of State party’s action aimed at ensuring safe working conditions and exit programmes for those wishing to leave this activity" (6).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The structural violence and exclusion faced by foreign women in prostitution, in particular those in an irregular situation, and the lack of measures taken by the State party to provide exit programmes and alternative income-generating opportunities to women who wish to leave prostitution" (Pg 10).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of prostitution took on alarming proportions in recent years" (20).
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Discrimination against and stigmatization of women in prostitution, the absence of shelters and crisis centres for women in prostitution adapted to their needs and the lack of exit and reintegration programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (Pg 6).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl...more
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the adoption of an action plan to combat trafficking in persons for 2015-2016 and a programme of cooperation for 2011-2013 between States members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on combating trafficking in persons. It is concerned, however, at: ...(b) Discrimination against women in prostitution" (5).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Child Care and Protection Act of 2015, which contains a chapter on combating trafficking in children; the inclusion of human trafficking among the 12 areas of focus in the revised National Gender Policy; and the use of the Prevention of Organized Crime Act of 2004 to combat trafficking in human beings as well as in the first criminal conviction in 2015 involving a case of human trafficking. The Committee is concerned, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for trafficking in human beings, in particular women and girls, mainly for purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation. The Committee...more