The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 20, 2018, 4 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

""Sex work is not a crime in Italy, but it attracts the attention of the police, so trafficking networks try to get residency permits for every girl they send to work on the streets" (para 100). Prostitution is not a crime, but the police still link it with other unsavory/illegal practices, which would influence society's general view of sex workers being inherently bad (AA-CODER COMMENT). "'There’s an extraordinary level of implicit racism here, and it’s evident in the fact that there are no underage Italian girls working the streets,' Father Enzo Volpe, a priest who runs a center for migrant children and trafficking victims, told me. 'Society dictates that it’s ...more
Jan. 20, 2018, 3:58 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The U.N. report, published the same year, concluded that the industry was “so ingrained in Edo State, especially in Benin City and its immediate environs, that it is estimated that virtually every Benin family has one member or the other involved.” Today, tens of thousands of Edo women have done sex work in Europe, and some streets in Benin City are named for madams. The city is filled with women and girls who have come back, but some who can’t find work end up making the journey again" (para 21). "Nuns working for an organization called the Committee for the Support and Dignity of Women travel to local schools and ...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"According to a joint Nordic research study, the situation concerning prostitution and trafficking is different in Sweden compared to that in the other Nordic countries due to the effective implementation of this legislation. There is still trans-national prostitution from several countries, particularly from Eastern and Southern Europe. However, 'no large groups of foreign women have established themselves in the visible prostitution market, contrary to what is the case in Norway, Finland and Denmark'" (page 8).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Romania, Russia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings concluded in several of her annual reports that the legislation that prohibits the purchase of sexual services functions as an 'effective barrier to the establishment of traffickers in Sweden'. The National Rapporteur estimates that between 400 and 600 women are trafficked into Sweden every year, mainly from Bulgaria and Romania, the Eastern European countries such as Estonia and Lithuania, and from Russia. This number has remained fairly constant during the past several years" (page 8).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon, United Kingdom, United States
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"International studies (e.g. United Kingdom, Scotland, Lebanon, USA) about the prostitution behaviour of men, conclude that the majority of men who have purchased sexual services consider that the most effective deterrents are: 1. Legislation that prohibits the purchase of a sexual act or sexual services; 2. 'Public shaming' through the publication of personal information in e.g. news media, on public billboards, or through publically displayed posters" (page 7).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Denmark, Norway
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The neighbouring countries, Denmark and Norway have three times as many individuals in street prostitution. . . . The number of individuals that are sold via Internet web pages/web ads are much larger in similar neighbouring countries such as Denmark and Norway" (page 5) (Coder comment: compared to Sweden - ARR).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The initiative to criminalize the men who buy sexual services originally came from the Swedish women’s movement, and was carried forward by the women’s associations of the political parties. Feminists, including women with experience of prostitution, analyzed women’s position in society and how men, through the exercise of power through violence against women ensured that the subordinate position of women was maintained, including by men using some women and children, mostly girls, for prostitution purposes" (page 1). "Prostitution is male sexualized violence against women, especially targeting those who are economically, racially or ethnically marginalized/discriminated" (page 1)."To end prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes, the political, social, legal and economic ...more
Dec. 28, 2017, 4 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"A small team tries to help the clients, who may be single mothers or prostitutes or both, overcome any sense of victimization they might experience by society" (para 2). In sandy, dusty Ouagadougou, located in the center of this landlocked country in West Africa, stigmatization is an active form of abuse carried out against young single mothers or prostitutes, which is why the clinic was launched by Keogo, a local association, or charity. The abuse extends to the very place women and girls may seek safety, comfort and medical attention: in hospitals" (para 3).
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The penal code also punishes individuals for selling or negotiating the purchase of sexual favors from persons in prostitution with penalties of up to 10 years’ imprisonment when the victim is younger than 18. Sex tourism involving children is also punishable. The government did not collect statistics on sex tourism involving children"(18)."There were anecdotal reports that Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)more
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Trafficked girls not forced into marriage typically end up as sex workers" (para 12). "We've found women far inside China, at brothels where they're forced to become sex workers" (para 28).
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Trafficked girls not forced into marriage typically end up as sex workers" (para 12). "We've found women far inside China, at brothels where they're forced to become sex workers" (para 28).
Dec. 20, 2017, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

" But what most contributed to the development of this phenomenon [trafficking] is the existing legitimization within Israeli society to buy sex services, as well as the indifference and ignorance of society regarding its very existence (Vandenberg, 1997; Levenkron and Dahan, 2003; Chaikin and Safran, 2011)" (para 4).
Dec. 8, 2017, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Backpage.com, one of the world’s largest classified ad websites and a frequent target in the political battle against sex trafficking, closed its adult ads section Monday in the United States, claiming to be the victim of a government witch hunt.The extraordinary move came shortly after the release of a scathing U.S. Senate report that accused Backpage of hiding criminal activity by deleting terms from ads that indicated sex trafficking or prostitution, including of children"(para 1-2)."The Senate panel issued the report after an acrimonious investigation. Backpage balked at a subpoena to turn over company materials to investigators, but the panel secured a federal court order to force compliance.The Senate committee’s review ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"This passion for justice and understanding has fueled both Stark's work on the groundbreaking novel 'Nickels: A Tale of Dissociation' and her research for the first-ever study of prostitution and trafficking of indigenous women, titled 'Garden of Truth: The Prostitution and Trafficking of Native Women in Minnesota'"(para 2)."'There was a lot of anecdotal information coming forward from many Native women in Minnesota about prostitution,' Stark said. 'We decided to do a research project in order to gather the information, get an idea of the scope of the problem and then find out from the women themselves what it is that they want, what do they need'"(para 4)."92 percent wanted to ...more
Oct. 2, 2017, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"A New York State approach of treating women – accused of prostitution-related offences – as the victims of trafficking has caused consternation as well as praise. In October, I spent a day in the Queens Human Trafficking Intervention Court (HTIC), founded in 2004, and used as a model for a statewide 11-court program which began nine years later. So far, over 3,000 defendants have passed through their doors. The concept behind the HTIC is to help women caught up in the sex trade, to recover from their experiences, and to exit prostitution. A defendant can be referred to drug treatment or immigrant legal services, as well as being offered general ...more
Sept. 15, 2017, 7:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Prostitution in itself is legal in France — though brothels, pimping and the sale of sex by minors are illegal"(para 2)
Sept. 1, 2017, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Hundreds of under-age Egyptian girls enter temporary marriages with rich tourists from the Persian Gulf during the summer in return for money for their families. These unions – dubbed summer marriages – are not legally binding and end when the foreigners return to their own countries" (para 1). "It was a summer′s day in 2008 when someone knocked at the door. Howeida was 15 years old at the time. A man stood in the doorway. He spoke briefly to her father and her step-mother. Then the matter was settled: Howeida would be married to a man from Saudi Arabia for a sum of around 1750 euros. The 'marriage' lasted a ...more
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Flor Maria Rigoni, an Italian priest who founded the shelter two decades ago, helps migrants and those who have been rescued from prostitution rings run by organised criminal gangs.The shelter provides weekly talks about the tactics that traffickers use to dupe their victims"(para 12-13)."Blanca, 45, who fled gang violence in Honduras [and now lives in Mexico], says working as a prostitute is the only way she can survive.'I can't get work anywhere else because I don't have the proper paperwork,' Blanca, who declined to give her full name, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.'If I don't work my kids don't eat and I can't send money back home to my family,' ...more
Aug. 14, 2017, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"From morning to night, Mexican banda music blares out from the dingy bars in Mexico's southern border city of Tapachula where thousands of Central American women sell sex to fund their dream of reaching the United States.Rights groups estimate 30,000 migrants, mostly from Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala, are working in bars in shopping streets and red light districts in the bustling city near the Guatemala border that has become a trafficking hotspot"(para 1-2)."'Migrants are ideal victims for trafficking and prostitution because at one stage they have needs, a need to survive, a need to earn money,' said Elsa Simon, a women's rights activist.'A female migrant is the most vulnerable. ...more
July 5, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

¨Ruth Campion, a flight attendant, testified that she felt ´prostituted´ when ordered to wear heels, skirts and makeup¨(para 17)
June 5, 2017, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"A parallel campaign is ongoing in the Irish Republic to introduce a similar bill to Morrow’s [of Northern Ireland], which would outlaw the purchase of sex south of the border" (para 8).
June 5, 2017, 8:38 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"A man in Northern Ireland has become the first person in the UK arrested for purchasing sex" (para 1). "'Detectives from our human trafficking team conducted a brothel search and arrested a man for paying for sexual services, the first such arrest under section 15 of the Human Trafficking and Exploitation Act 2015. Three females were also arrested and interviewed for keeping a brothel'" (para 2). "Northern Ireland is the only part of the UK where people can be convicted of paying for sex. The law, which was championed by Democratic Unionist peer and Stormont assembly member Lord Morrow, came into effect on 1 June this year. It had been ...more
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"After the signing of the 1953 Korea-U.S. Mutual Defense Treaty (still the legal foundation for U.S. troops’ access to U.S. and Korean bases), camptowns boomed. In the 1950s alone, 18 new camptowns were created...By 1958, there were an estimated 300,000 sex workers in a country with an entire population of just 22 million. More than half worked in camptowns. In the middle of downtown Seoul, where the Army occupied the 640-acre Yongsan Garrison originally built by Japanese colonizers, the Itaewon neighborhood filled with bars and brothels. GIs named it ‘Hooker Hill’" (p 7)
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"‘Cohabitating marriage,’ resembling European-style colonial concubinage, also became popular. ‘Many men have their steadies,’ commented one military chaplain. ‘Some of them own their girls, complete with hooch [small house] and furniture. Before leaving Korea, they sell the package to a man who is just coming in.’...In 1965, 85 percent of GIs surveyed reported having ‘been with’ or ‘been out with’ a prostitute" (p 8-9)
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Since the mid-1990s, the dramatic growth in the South Korean economy has largely allowed Korean women to escape the exploitative conditions of the camptown bars and clubs (large numbers remain in higher-end prostitution for Korean customers). Filipinas and, to a lesser extent, women from Russia and former Soviet republics have generally replaced Korean women as the primary camptown sex workers. The South Korean government’s creation of the E-6 ‘entertainer’ visa has allowed Korean ‘promoters’ to import the women on a legal basis. The E-6 visa is the only Korean visa for which an HIV test is mandatory; venereal disease tests are required every three months. Over 90 percent of women ...more
May 12, 2017, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"[After World War II,] The policy became ‘hands off Korean women’—but this did not include women in brothels, dance halls and those working the streets. Instead, with venereal disease and other communicable infections widespread, the U.S. military government created a VD Control Section that instituted regular inspections and treatment for “entertaining girls.” This category included licensed prostitutes, dancers, “bar girls” and waitresses. Between May 1947 and July 1948, medical personnel examined almost 15,000 women." (p 4)
May 5, 2017, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports that persons exploited Romani children in some settlements for commercial sex. NGOs reported that family members or other Roma exploited Romani victims, including children with disabilities" (31).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, PRN-PRACTICE-1, PRN-LAW-1

"Recruitment of children for sexual exploitation, pornography, and illicit activities is illegal, but the UN reported that armed gangs recruited children as young as 10 years old for such purposes" (29).