The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-1

June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that a large number of women and girls are subjected to exploitation through prostitution in the State party and that women in prostitution are criminalized under the Suppression and Prevention of Prostitution Act of 1996, whereas those who exploit women in prostitution are rarely prosecuted. It also notes with concern that women working in the entertainment sector are presumed to be guilty of prostitution under the Act, arrested and subjected to humiliating treatment following violent police raids and targeted in entrapment operations by police officers. The Committee is further concerned at reports of official complicity in the exploitation of women in prostitution, includ ing largescale extortion...more
June 13, 2018, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"'With such high interest rates, a poor family can very quickly find themselves with 4 lakh (roughly $296), 5 lakh (roughly $370) or even 6 lakh (roughly $444) of debt … there are only [a] few ways to get that sort of money fast, and sex work is one of the fastest money earning activities you can find,' says anthropologist Maxime Boutry" (para 19). "'If you are the woman in the family and not educated, your only choice is sex work. Life is very hard here, especially in Yangon, and we have to find money for our family to survive,' she says fighting back the tears. 'In this industry I...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that women in prostitution run a heightened risk of gender-based violence, including abuse by the police, murder, gang rape, extortion, robbery, forced sex practices and forced non-usage of condoms. The Committee notes with concern the widely held prejudices against women in prostitution and that they face fines or arrest when they seek access to justice, social services and health care" (8)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: (a) The significant increase of prostitution in areas with high concentrations of Syrian refugees, particularly among girls and young women between 15 and 20 years of age, who often resort to prostitution to be able to gain access to food and other essential goods for themselves and their children" (page 3). "The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to combat trafficking in persons. It is concerned, however, about the persistence of trafficking in women and girls, both internal and cross-border, for the purpose of sexual exploitation, including frequent cases of Syrian girls being trafficked into exploitation in prostitution through false promises...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned about reports of women and girls who are compelled by circumstances to enter into 'transactional sex' in exchange for food and other survival items" (8).
May 4, 2018, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"Rachel Moran, founder and executive director of SPACE International (Survivors of Prostitution-Abuse Calling for Enlightenment), was a key Irish abolitionist activist who advocated for the law as part of the Turn Off the Red Light campaign, a coalition of direct service providers, survivor-led groups, women's rights organizations, labor unions, medical providers and other groups in Ireland" (pp 3)
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee is also concerned about discrimination against women sex workers and the lack of State party’s action aimed at ensuring safe working conditions and exit programmes for those wishing to leave this activity" (6).
April 19, 2018, 10:25 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"A lot of women, and men, in Thailand sell sexual services for money...Only over the last few years has the full body massage (no penetration) become extremely popular, with new houses of supposedly ill-repute opening and closing – as is often the case with the service orientated industry in Thailand – all over the country. There’s also now what is referred to as the business of sidelines, which is young girls, supposedly of a more pure status, selling themselves online. It’s no secret; in this report by the Kinsey Institute, “90% of the [Thai] male participants had had sex with a prostitute and 74% had lost their virginity with a...more
April 19, 2018, 10:01 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Nat, the wife, has had a very troubled life. She was bought as a child by a family who then “lent” her to a prostitution house for money" (para 5).
April 16, 2018, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"In an attempt to redefine Thailand as a destination for 'quality' tourism, tourism minister Kobkarn Wattanavrangkul recently proclaimed she wants the country’s sex industry 'gone.' At the same time, police have launched a series of raids on bars and clubs, saying the aim is to tackle trafficking, underage sex work and licensing breaches" (para 2). "According to Empower spokeswoman Liz Hilton, the story is the same for many of the disadvantaged Thai women who choose to enter the sex industry: After trying to make ends meet in a series of jobs, they turn to sex work as a last-ditch attempt to fulfill their economic duties. 'This is a group of...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The structural violence and exclusion faced by foreign women in prostitution, in particular those in an irregular situation, and the lack of measures taken by the State party to provide exit programmes and alternative income-generating opportunities to women who wish to leave prostitution" (Pg 10).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The practice of prostitution took on alarming proportions in recent years" (20).
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"Discrimination against and stigmatization of women in prostitution, the absence of shelters and crisis centres for women in prostitution adapted to their needs and the lack of exit and reintegration programmes for women who wish to leave prostitution" (Pg 6).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern at the persistence of discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in society and in the family, such as the concept of 'the head of the household', which assigns this role to men, and the perpetuation of 'the father’s name and estate' through male heirs. The Committee notes efforts undertaken under the guidance of the Ministry of Justice with various stakeholders, the signing of road maps and the drafting of plans of action to address some harmful practices. The Committee is deeply concerned, however, about the persistence of harmful practices such as child and/or forced marriage, the sale of wives, girl...more
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the adoption of an action plan to combat trafficking in persons for 2015-2016 and a programme of cooperation for 2011-2013 between States members of the Commonwealth of Independent States on combating trafficking in persons. It is concerned, however, at: ...(b) Discrimination against women in prostitution" (5).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Child Care and Protection Act of 2015, which contains a chapter on combating trafficking in children; the inclusion of human trafficking among the 12 areas of focus in the revised National Gender Policy; and the use of the Prevention of Organized Crime Act of 2004 to combat trafficking in human beings as well as in the first criminal conviction in 2015 involving a case of human trafficking. The Committee is concerned, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for trafficking in human beings, in particular women and girls, mainly for purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation. The Committee...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-3, TRAFF-DATA-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-DATA-2

"The Committee notes with concern that there have been no prosecutions under the Trafficking in Persons Act (2007) and that only one investigation is currently under way. It is also concerned about the lack of information on the number of victims of trafficking and on the measures taken to address exploitation of prostitution of women and girls and child sex tourism, as well as about the lack of programmes to support women wishing to leave prostitution. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Conduct a study to investigate the extent and root causes of trafficking in women and girls and exploitation of prostitution; (b) Implement the Trafficking in Persons...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISTD-PRACTICE-1, ISTD-DATA-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1, MMR-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the numerous measures taken by the State party to address maternal mortality and expand universal health coverage, but remains concerned about: (a) The persistently high rates of maternal mortality, the limited health infrastructure for pregnant women, the insufficient number of skilled personnel attending births and women’s limited access to essential obstetric care; (b) The lack of comprehensive education on sexual and reproductive health and rights and family planning services, and the limited access to modern contraceptives; (c) The criminalization of abortion (art. 305 of the Penal Code); the restrictive conditions under which abortion is available under the code of professional conduct (i.e. only in cases of threats...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Five years after the Act prohibiting the purchase of sexual services came into force, the Government requested an independent evaluation of the effects of the Act. As stated in the report published in August 2014, buying sex was criminalized in 2009. The main rationale for implementing the Act was to prevent and reduce human trafficking in Norway. The aim of the act is to: 1) change attitudes in the population, 2) reduce the size of the Norwegian sex market by constraining supply and demand, and 3) prevent entry into prostitution and thus reduce the possible sexual exploitation of men and women in prostitution. The Act also seeks to protect people...more
Feb. 8, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon, Turkey
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"Survival sex by refugees is occurring both in Lebanon and Turkey, with women and young girls with few economic resources and little education being forced into prostitution. Prostitution is illegal in Lebanon but it is practiced in clubs and on the street" (para 26).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"In October 2008 the Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority was commissioned by the Government to distribute funds to research and other studies, systematic method development and similar activities intended to increase knowledge about men’s violence against women, honour-related violence and oppression, violence in same-sex relationships and prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes over a two-year period. This commission also includes the development of methods intended to increase knowledge about men’s violence against women, including sexual violence and other sexual abuse" (page 18). "In 2008 the former National Board for Youth Affairs was commissioned to prevent the sexual exploitation of young women and men from the age of...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 30-2011 of 3 June 2011 on combating, and protecting the rights of persons living with HIV/AIDS. However, it is concerned that the rate of HIV/AIDS remains high for women in prostitution and that they have limited access to treatment owing to discrimination and stigmatization," (10).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"the committee notes with concern...(d) The reported cases of complicity of public officials in cases of sex trafficking and exploitation of prostitution; (e) The existence of girls in prostitution, in addition to the lack of effective prevention policies and measures to investigate, prosecute and convict all perpetrators involved in the prostitution of girls" (8-9). "The Committee is further concerned about the insufficient structural measures for promoting the economic empowerment of women and girls, given that that economic empowerment could prevent their engagement in prostitution as their main income-generating activity" (9).
Jan. 20, 2018, 4 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

""Sex work is not a crime in Italy, but it attracts the attention of the police, so trafficking networks try to get residency permits for every girl they send to work on the streets" (para 100). Prostitution is not a crime, but the police still link it with other unsavory/illegal practices, which would influence society's general view of sex workers being inherently bad (AA-CODER COMMENT). "'There’s an extraordinary level of implicit racism here, and it’s evident in the fact that there are no underage Italian girls working the streets,' Father Enzo Volpe, a priest who runs a center for migrant children and trafficking victims, told me. 'Society dictates that it’s...more
Jan. 20, 2018, 3:58 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The U.N. report, published the same year, concluded that the industry was “so ingrained in Edo State, especially in Benin City and its immediate environs, that it is estimated that virtually every Benin family has one member or the other involved.” Today, tens of thousands of Edo women have done sex work in Europe, and some streets in Benin City are named for madams. The city is filled with women and girls who have come back, but some who can’t find work end up making the journey again" (para 21). "Nuns working for an organization called the Committee for the Support and Dignity of Women travel to local schools and...more
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"According to a joint Nordic research study, the situation concerning prostitution and trafficking is different in Sweden compared to that in the other Nordic countries due to the effective implementation of this legislation. There is still trans-national prostitution from several countries, particularly from Eastern and Southern Europe. However, 'no large groups of foreign women have established themselves in the visible prostitution market, contrary to what is the case in Norway, Finland and Denmark'" (page 8).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:19 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria, Estonia, Lithuania, Romania, Russia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The National Rapporteur on Trafficking in Human Beings concluded in several of her annual reports that the legislation that prohibits the purchase of sexual services functions as an 'effective barrier to the establishment of traffickers in Sweden'. The National Rapporteur estimates that between 400 and 600 women are trafficked into Sweden every year, mainly from Bulgaria and Romania, the Eastern European countries such as Estonia and Lithuania, and from Russia. This number has remained fairly constant during the past several years" (page 8).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon, United Kingdom, United States
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"International studies (e.g. United Kingdom, Scotland, Lebanon, USA) about the prostitution behaviour of men, conclude that the majority of men who have purchased sexual services consider that the most effective deterrents are: 1. Legislation that prohibits the purchase of a sexual act or sexual services; 2. 'Public shaming' through the publication of personal information in e.g. news media, on public billboards, or through publically displayed posters" (page 7).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:16 p.m.
Countries: Denmark, Norway
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The neighbouring countries, Denmark and Norway have three times as many individuals in street prostitution. . . . The number of individuals that are sold via Internet web pages/web ads are much larger in similar neighbouring countries such as Denmark and Norway" (page 5) (Coder comment: compared to Sweden - ARR).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-1

"The initiative to criminalize the men who buy sexual services originally came from the Swedish women’s movement, and was carried forward by the women’s associations of the political parties. Feminists, including women with experience of prostitution, analyzed women’s position in society and how men, through the exercise of power through violence against women ensured that the subordinate position of women was maintained, including by men using some women and children, mostly girls, for prostitution purposes" (page 1). "Prostitution is male sexualized violence against women, especially targeting those who are economically, racially or ethnically marginalized/discriminated" (page 1)."To end prostitution and human trafficking for sexual purposes, the political, social, legal and economic...more