The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-2

Oct. 2, 2017, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"So far, over 3,000 defendants have passed through their doors. The concept behind the HTIC [Human trafficking Intervention Court] is to help women caught up in the sex trade, to recover from their experiences, and to exit prostitution. A defendant can be referred to drug treatment or immigrant legal services, as well as being offered general support and counselling. The HTIC is partnered with a large network of counsellors and court advocates, including two that work with the Asian women that make up the majority of the defendants in the Queens courtroom"(para 2)
Sept. 15, 2017, 7:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The convicted client will be obliged to attend classes highlighting the dangers associated with prostitution. The measure will also make it easier for foreign prostitutes — many currently illegally in France — to acquire a temporary residence permit if they enter a process to get out of the prostitution business"(para 5)."'The most important aspect of this law is to accompany prostitutes, give them identity papers because we know that 85 percent of prostitutes here are victims of trafficking,' Maud Olivier, a lawmaker with the governing Socialists and a sponsor of the legislation, told The Associated Press. Olivier said that many of the sex workers who arrive in France have their ...more
Jan. 27, 2017, 1:34 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"foreign sex workers actively trying to get out of prostitution can be given a six-month residential permit and state funding to prevent prostitution" (para 4).
April 18, 2016, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-LAW-2

"In relation to trafficking persons (women or men) into the Isle of Man for the purposes of exploitation and prostitution the Island’s legislation was updated in 2008. The Isle of Man immigration and nationality legislation is the United Kingdom legislation as extended to the Island with appropriate modifications. The Immigration (Isle of Man) Order 2008 extended, inter alia, provisions of the United Kingdom Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and the United Kingdom Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004 to the Island. The relevant sections concerning traffic in prostitution (section 145 of the 2002 Act) and trafficking people for exploitation (section 4 of the 2004 Act) are ...more
Sept. 28, 2015, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that no temporary residence permits are granted to victims of trafficking who, after a 45-day reflection period, do not report having been victims of human trafficking and refuse or are unable to cooperate with prosecution authorities. It also notes with concern the absence of comprehensive information and data on trafficking in women and girls, the reportedly low number of prosecutions and convictions of traffickers, and reports of insufficient funding for combating trafficking in women and girls and for assisting victims" (6)
April 24, 2015, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Trafficking victims are eligible for special visas if they go to court and help with the investigation, but it is hard to get women to go to court"
Nov. 4, 2013, 6:21 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"'Individuals who did co-operate, however, were at risk themselves of being charged with immigration violations and NGOs reported women feared they would be held in detention centres and/or deported,' Associate Professor Hepworth said. 'These women are fearful of accessing services because of immigration violations and disclosure of their identity in Australia and in their home countries'" (para 7-8)
Oct. 10, 2013, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"But women from Eastern Europe hardly work on Geestemunder Strasse. They have been driven away by regular police passport checks, which were in fact intended to find and protect victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Now the girls work the street in the southern part of Cologne, but this still brings down prices in the northern neighborhood" (2)
July 26, 2013, 7:01 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Linking foreign strippers to human-trafficking victims has rattled the Toronto-based Adult Entertainment Association of Canada, which represents both establishments and workers. No one has considered how the 700 dancers, who are not prostitutes, will be victimised once they are stripped of their legal papers and lured 'into the underground for these predators to exploit them . . . in prostitution rings,' warned executive director Tim Lambrinos. 'The women are not going to go home,' said Lambrinos, adding that legal action is now the only option for the association’s members. The women, many of whom send money to their families overseas, will now be 'reluctant to report any abuses or improprieties ...more
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:43 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The government offered foreign victims of trafficking legal alternatives to their removal to countries in which they may face hardship or retribution. The government’s G-1 visa system allowed for foreign trafficking victims to remain in South Korea for up to one year to participate in investigations against their traffickers, and three G-1 visa holders that were trafficking victims were working. Victims of trafficking are not punished for crimes committed as a direct result of being in a trafficking situation" (211)
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“The government offered very limited reintegration assistance to repatriated trafficking victims. The government encouraged victims to assist in the investigation and prosecution of trafficking offenders. The government did not provide temporary residency status or legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims to countries where they might face hardship or retribution and it continued to deport foreign trafficking victims without screening them for possible victimization. Although NGO contacts reported no instances of trafficking victims having been detained, fined, or jailed for unlawful acts committed as a result of having been trafficked, the lack of formal identification procedures impaired the government’s ability to ensure that no trafficking victims received such penalties” ...more
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“The government did not offer legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims of trafficking to countries where they might face retribution or hardship. The government did not report if it encouraged victims to participate in investigations against traffickers. Sub-Saharan African women who were forced into prostitution in Morocco were unlikely to report crimes for fear of being treated as undocumented migrants and deported, though in reality, undocumented migrant women were rarely deported. Undocumented migrants have access to basic medical care at public health institutions” (257)
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:37 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“During the reporting year, 125 foreign women, 75 foreign men, and 22 foreign children were certified as trafficking victims and detained in government facilities. The total number of victims certified, 222, is a significant decrease from the 383 victims identified during the previous year. The government identified an unknown number of Malaysian victims who were exploited within the country during the year. Some foreign embassies sheltered victims directly, rather than transferring them to Malaysian facilities, to expedite their repatriation and protect them from detention during lengthy criminal proceedings. In a positive step, the home minister announced in January 2012 that the government would grant some victims the right to temporarily ...more
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:36 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“The de facto Malagasy government made negligible efforts to protect victims. One of the few de facto government officials to demonstrate commitment to working on trafficking, the de facto Minister of Population and Social Affairs who formerly coordinated the repatriation of victims from Lebanon, died in an accident in August 2011. Following the March 2011 repatriation of 85 women, government officials – including the honorary Malagasy consul in Lebanon – failed to organize any additional repatriations or support repatriations organized by NGOs during the year. In March 2011, over 600 Malagasy awaited repatriation from Lebanon, 140 of which were classified as victims in need of emergency repatriation. In 2011, an ...more
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:33 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“The Latvian government faced challenges in providing repatriation assistance to potential victims identified outside Latvia. In response, government agencies have proposed a mechanism for issuing repatriation loans to Latvians abroad. If approved, certified trafficking victims will not be required to repay those loans. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) instituted a procedure to track potential trafficking victims identified abroad and to refer them to care in Latvia. The MFA reported a total of 101 potential trafficking instances identified by Latvian diplomats in Ireland, Germany, the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, and Sweden in 2011 as a result of this new monitoring. The government employed some efforts to protect victims during trial, ...more
Oct. 7, 2012, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“Trafficked children, primarily Nigerian nationals, were also subject to sexual abuse and forced prostitution” (20)
June 14, 2012, 4 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign victims of trafficking were repatriated as quickly as possible" (para 53)
June 14, 2012, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Although §104 “Trafficking in Persons” of the Criminal Code (StGB) was introduced already in 2004, in practice no significant execution can be discerned. In the case of the suspicion of trafficking in women, the authority responsible in Vienna is requested by way of official instructions to contact LEFÖ-IBF. § 77 Alien’s Police Act (FPG) makes it possible in this case for the authorities to abstain from putting the person concerned in a detention center and to respond using a milder method (in our case that is accommodation in an emergency shelter). Unfortunately, it is still true that a large percent of those affected by trafficking in women are not recognized ...more
May 3, 2012, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Although the Act on Punishment of Procuring Prostitution and Associated Acts has a special provision concerning foreign women, the provision states only the following: during the investigation of a human trafficking case requested by a foreign woman, the temporary suspension of forceful deportation is effective until the investigation is concluded. After the prosecution, it is at the authorities' discretion whether to grant such suspension of deportation or not. In practice, the temporary sojourn status granted to foreign women during the process rarely allows them to be employed. Therefore, immigrant women victims of human trafficking may face forceful deportation after their cases are concluded. However, no measure supporting those women exists ...more
April 3, 2012, 7:28 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Human trafficking is a serious problem in Albania, even though it was formally criminalised in 2001. According to UNIFEM, the situation is improving, thanks to government action and enhanced border protection. In recent years, various organisations have established an anti-trafficking centre and a women’s refuge for victims (including temporary social assistance and repatriation), but many problems persist. Women victims are often arrested, treated like criminals, and accused of prostitution and illegal entry into the territory" (para 7)
Feb. 27, 2012, 5:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Another challenge that the country is faced with is child labour where majority are girls. The government has put in place in place programs to that seeks to eliminate the worst forms of child labour which include domestic, child prostitution, working in plantation and mines and child trafficking" (49)
Sept. 30, 2011, 11:19 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"With the Interior Minister's approval, a trafficking victim may remain permanently in Ghana if deemed to be in the victim’s best interest, though no victims were given such residency during the last year" (158)
Sept. 30, 2011, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Although no foreign victims were identified in 2009, Kyrgyz law permits non- Commonwealth of Independent States’ citizens to remain in the country pending investigation and prosecution of a trafficking case if the prosecutor or investigator in the case makes a request to immigration authorities" (Pg 206)
Sept. 30, 2011, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Trafficking victims were generally deported for running away from their sponsors or employers. Foreigners convicted of prostitution are also deported, regardless of whether they were sex trafficking victims" (Pg. 204)
Sept. 30, 2011, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The government provided legal alternatives to the removal of foreign trafficking victims to countries where they face hardship or retribution through the provision of short- and long-term residence permits" (Pg 87)
Sept. 27, 2011, 3:40 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The government did not extradite citizens who were accused of human trafficking in other countries"(section 6).
Sept. 20, 2011, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Victims could obtain emergency temporary residence visas under the Trafficking in Persons Act, though none did so during the year" (Pg. 153)
Sept. 20, 2011, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The government offers foreign trafficking victims temporary residency status as an alternative to immediate repatriation, but is not known to have used these provisions in 2009" (Pg 121)
Sept. 20, 2011, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The government did not provide legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims to countries where they would face hardship or retribution" (Pg. 244)
Sept. 20, 2011, 9:42 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign trafficking victims are often treated as undocumented migrants, subject to arrest and deportation. Government officials continued to detain and deport large numbers of undocumented sub-Saharan migrants without taking adequate steps to identify trafficking victims among them. These detained migrants, some of whom may have been trafficking victims, were usually left at the Algerian border, often without food or water" (Pg. 242). "The government did not offer legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims of trafficking to countries where they might face retribution or hardship" (Pg. 242)