The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-2

April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The country is a destination for Colombian, Peruvian, Paraguayan, and Cuban women and girls exploited in sex trafficking, domestic servitude, and forced begging" (p. 31).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The government considers refugees from North Korea under a separate legal framework and does not include refugees from North Korea in refugee or asylum statistics. The government continued its longstanding policy of accepting refugees or defectors from North Korea, who by law are entitled to South Korean citizenship" (12). "In recognition of the humanitarian crisis in Syria, the government granted Syrians humanitarian refugee status without having to go through the usual refugee determination process. Of the humanitarian status holders in the country, the majority were Syrians. Others included Palestinians, Egyptians, Chinese, and Burmese" (14).
March 11, 2019, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Drug dealers, pimps, even traffickers that brought the women from Romania. Loads of illegal immigrants, and complaint after complaint from people that worked and lived nearby" (para 9).
March 11, 2019, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Out of 375 sex workers surveyed on behalf of a local NGO Girls Not Brides across four such brothels in Bangladesh last year, 47 per cent were former child brides, trafficked into prostitution against their will. Once inside the brothels, they’re imprisoned – held captive until they can save up enough money to buy their freedom, and vulnerable to violence, disease and psychological abuse. Rupa, a local village girl who was married at 11 and then tricked into working at the brothels by traffickers when here husband died shortly after, is a case in point. An hour ago her phone screen lit up with a missed call from one of...more
March 11, 2019, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

""Switzerland is a primary (as opposed to a transit) destination for women being trafficked into the sex trade. Victims originate mainly from Central and Eastern Europe, but also from Thailand, Nigeria, China, Brazil, Cameroon, the Dominican Republic and Morocco" (para 5).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The authorities listened to her story, then repatriated her to Benin City" (para 114). This is an example of a trafficked sex worker being returned to her country, but it is unclear if this is a typical procedure or not (AA-CODER COMMENT).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-3, TRAFF-LAW-3, IRP-PRACTICE-2, AW-LAW-1

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (c) Reports that victims of trafficking, including women engaging in prostitution, have been arrested, detained and deported for acts committed as a consequence of having been trafficked" (page 12).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Time-limited, extendable residence permits, with a 30-day reflection period, may be issued to a victim or a witness of human trafficking in order to conclude a preliminary investigation or the main proceedings in a criminal case. In 2013, the Swedish Migration Board granted 61 temporary residence permits to victims or witnesses of human trafficking. Residents in one of the 28 European Member States have the right to mobility, and can stay in any Member States for three months without applying for a residence permit" (page 14).
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Oct. 2, 2017, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"So far, over 3,000 defendants have passed through their doors. The concept behind the HTIC [Human trafficking Intervention Court] is to help women caught up in the sex trade, to recover from their experiences, and to exit prostitution. A defendant can be referred to drug treatment or immigrant legal services, as well as being offered general support and counselling. The HTIC is partnered with a large network of counsellors and court advocates, including two that work with the Asian women that make up the majority of the defendants in the Queens courtroom"(para 2)
Sept. 15, 2017, 7:06 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The convicted client will be obliged to attend classes highlighting the dangers associated with prostitution. The measure will also make it easier for foreign prostitutes — many currently illegally in France — to acquire a temporary residence permit if they enter a process to get out of the prostitution business"(para 5)."'The most important aspect of this law is to accompany prostitutes, give them identity papers because we know that 85 percent of prostitutes here are victims of trafficking,' Maud Olivier, a lawmaker with the governing Socialists and a sponsor of the legislation, told The Associated Press. Olivier said that many of the sex workers who arrive in France have their...more
Jan. 27, 2017, 1:34 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"foreign sex workers actively trying to get out of prostitution can be given a six-month residential permit and state funding to prevent prostitution" (para 4).
April 18, 2016, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-LAW-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-LAW-2

"In relation to trafficking persons (women or men) into the Isle of Man for the purposes of exploitation and prostitution the Island’s legislation was updated in 2008. The Isle of Man immigration and nationality legislation is the United Kingdom legislation as extended to the Island with appropriate modifications. The Immigration (Isle of Man) Order 2008 extended, inter alia, provisions of the United Kingdom Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 and the United Kingdom Asylum and Immigration (Treatment of Claimants, etc.) Act 2004 to the Island. The relevant sections concerning traffic in prostitution (section 145 of the 2002 Act) and trafficking people for exploitation (section 4 of the 2004 Act) are...more
Sept. 28, 2015, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-LAW-2, AW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern that no temporary residence permits are granted to victims of trafficking who, after a 45-day reflection period, do not report having been victims of human trafficking and refuse or are unable to cooperate with prosecution authorities. It also notes with concern the absence of comprehensive information and data on trafficking in women and girls, the reportedly low number of prosecutions and convictions of traffickers, and reports of insufficient funding for combating trafficking in women and girls and for assisting victims" (6)
April 24, 2015, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Trafficking victims are eligible for special visas if they go to court and help with the investigation, but it is hard to get women to go to court"
Nov. 4, 2013, 6:21 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"'Individuals who did co-operate, however, were at risk themselves of being charged with immigration violations and NGOs reported women feared they would be held in detention centres and/or deported,' Associate Professor Hepworth said. 'These women are fearful of accessing services because of immigration violations and disclosure of their identity in Australia and in their home countries'" (para 7-8)
Oct. 10, 2013, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"But women from Eastern Europe hardly work on Geestemunder Strasse. They have been driven away by regular police passport checks, which were in fact intended to find and protect victims of human trafficking and forced prostitution. Now the girls work the street in the southern part of Cologne, but this still brings down prices in the northern neighborhood" (2)
July 26, 2013, 7:01 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Linking foreign strippers to human-trafficking victims has rattled the Toronto-based Adult Entertainment Association of Canada, which represents both establishments and workers. No one has considered how the 700 dancers, who are not prostitutes, will be victimised once they are stripped of their legal papers and lured 'into the underground for these predators to exploit them . . . in prostitution rings,' warned executive director Tim Lambrinos. 'The women are not going to go home,' said Lambrinos, adding that legal action is now the only option for the association’s members. The women, many of whom send money to their families overseas, will now be 'reluctant to report any abuses or improprieties...more
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:43 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"The government offered foreign victims of trafficking legal alternatives to their removal to countries in which they may face hardship or retribution. The government’s G-1 visa system allowed for foreign trafficking victims to remain in South Korea for up to one year to participate in investigations against their traffickers, and three G-1 visa holders that were trafficking victims were working. Victims of trafficking are not punished for crimes committed as a direct result of being in a trafficking situation" (211)
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“The government offered very limited reintegration assistance to repatriated trafficking victims. The government encouraged victims to assist in the investigation and prosecution of trafficking offenders. The government did not provide temporary residency status or legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims to countries where they might face hardship or retribution and it continued to deport foreign trafficking victims without screening them for possible victimization. Although NGO contacts reported no instances of trafficking victims having been detained, fined, or jailed for unlawful acts committed as a result of having been trafficked, the lack of formal identification procedures impaired the government’s ability to ensure that no trafficking victims received such penalties”...more
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“The government did not offer legal alternatives to the removal of foreign victims of trafficking to countries where they might face retribution or hardship. The government did not report if it encouraged victims to participate in investigations against traffickers. Sub-Saharan African women who were forced into prostitution in Morocco were unlikely to report crimes for fear of being treated as undocumented migrants and deported, though in reality, undocumented migrant women were rarely deported. Undocumented migrants have access to basic medical care at public health institutions” (257)
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:37 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“During the reporting year, 125 foreign women, 75 foreign men, and 22 foreign children were certified as trafficking victims and detained in government facilities. The total number of victims certified, 222, is a significant decrease from the 383 victims identified during the previous year. The government identified an unknown number of Malaysian victims who were exploited within the country during the year. Some foreign embassies sheltered victims directly, rather than transferring them to Malaysian facilities, to expedite their repatriation and protect them from detention during lengthy criminal proceedings. In a positive step, the home minister announced in January 2012 that the government would grant some victims the right to temporarily...more
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:36 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“The de facto Malagasy government made negligible efforts to protect victims. One of the few de facto government officials to demonstrate commitment to working on trafficking, the de facto Minister of Population and Social Affairs who formerly coordinated the repatriation of victims from Lebanon, died in an accident in August 2011. Following the March 2011 repatriation of 85 women, government officials – including the honorary Malagasy consul in Lebanon – failed to organize any additional repatriations or support repatriations organized by NGOs during the year. In March 2011, over 600 Malagasy awaited repatriation from Lebanon, 140 of which were classified as victims in need of emergency repatriation. In 2011, an...more
Nov. 7, 2012, 11:33 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“The Latvian government faced challenges in providing repatriation assistance to potential victims identified outside Latvia. In response, government agencies have proposed a mechanism for issuing repatriation loans to Latvians abroad. If approved, certified trafficking victims will not be required to repay those loans. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) instituted a procedure to track potential trafficking victims identified abroad and to refer them to care in Latvia. The MFA reported a total of 101 potential trafficking instances identified by Latvian diplomats in Ireland, Germany, the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Italy, and Sweden in 2011 as a result of this new monitoring. The government employed some efforts to protect victims during trial,...more
Oct. 7, 2012, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

“Trafficked children, primarily Nigerian nationals, were also subject to sexual abuse and forced prostitution” (20)
June 14, 2012, 4 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign victims of trafficking were repatriated as quickly as possible" (para 53)
June 14, 2012, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Although §104 “Trafficking in Persons” of the Criminal Code (StGB) was introduced already in 2004, in practice no significant execution can be discerned. In the case of the suspicion of trafficking in women, the authority responsible in Vienna is requested by way of official instructions to contact LEFÖ-IBF. § 77 Alien’s Police Act (FPG) makes it possible in this case for the authorities to abstain from putting the person concerned in a detention center and to respond using a milder method (in our case that is accommodation in an emergency shelter). Unfortunately, it is still true that a large percent of those affected by trafficking in women are not recognized...more