The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for IRP-PRACTICE-3

June 22, 2017, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"attitudes towards condom use is helping the spread of the condition, and research suggests that nearly a quarter of Nigerian sex workers have HIV...women often found they could not ask their husbands or boyfriends to wear condoms, and were not expected to carry them" (p 3, 11)
March 14, 2017, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Would a 'hyena' [a man paid to have sex with girls after their first menstruation] use condoms? Unprotected sex is considered part of the ritual" (para 10-11).
Jan. 3, 2017, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Law enforcement practices contributed to high levels of stigma and discrimination against female sex workers that in turn hindered their access to HIV prevention, treatment, and social protection services. Police harassment of sex workers deterred the workers from carrying condoms" (44).
July 26, 2016, 10:25 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISTD-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-3

"The Ministry of Health continues its interventions with individuals who identify themselves as sex workers. This group includes a majority of women. The Ministry of Health’s sex workers programme of 2003-2006 aimed, among other things, to understand the context of the commercial sex trade in Barbados through the collection of baseline data. Work with these individuals should go a long way to helping these women negotiate safer sex" (13)
April 26, 2016, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

“Eighty-two percent of men who paid for sex in the past year reported using a condom during their most recent paid sex” (222).
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

""A woman prostitute can ask that a man wear a condom, but that does not guarantee that he will. However, men will usually do it by choice. Men most often wear condoms with prostitutes to protect themselves from AIDS/STDs, which most prostitutes here are infected with from the drug injections or from sexual contact with other infected men and women. Prostitution is not legal here, but it is also not ruled out by legislation. One can be arrested for attempting to coerce someone into prostitution for money, but no real penalties occur for the choice of participating into prostitution." Lada Usova" (9)
Feb. 4, 2016, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"As such 53 percent of men ‘who had engaged in paid sex in the past 12 months used a condom the last time they paid for sex.’" (42)
Jan. 3, 2016, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"There are inequalities of power that make it difficult for women, whether in the context of commercial or marital sex, to insist on the use of condoms, even when they know the risks," (17).
Dec. 31, 2015, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Three uniformed male police officers raided her room while she was with a customer. During such raids, the police typically collect a used condom or other evidence from a bedside trash can" (para 2)
Dec. 4, 2015, 11:49 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

“Continued sessions with mothers living with HIV/AIDS: SPASDI started weekly training sessions aimed at empowerment, confidence building and crucial counseling of our ‘Support Step Mothers’” (2)
Sept. 22, 2015, 12:42 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"The prevention programme focuses on high risk groups, especially workers in entertainment establishments, and achieves coverage of 80 percent among commercial sex workers and around 50 percent among other entertainment workers. Moreover, the condom use rate among entertainment workers in both groups has increased to more than 90 percent" (40)
Aug. 5, 2015, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"[Journalist Margaret Simons] also met Judith, 19, who recently gave birth to three-month-old Jaden. His father picked her up in a bar and, according to the Monthly, doesn’t know he has a son. The story paints a picture of a poverty perpetuated by Australian men and a sex industry dominated by them" (p 12-13). Because there is such a high prevalence of pregnant Filipina sex workers it can be assumed that they may not be able to ask their clients to wear condoms (RP-CODER COMMENT)
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Interviews conducted with sex workers in Windhoek in 2008 found that...violence within the industry as sex workers are sometimes forced to have sex without a condom and are vulnerable to abuse from their clients" (29). "Research conducted in the same year to assess linkages between HIV and prostitution suggests that prostitutes in Namibia are at a high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS as most do not have the bargaining power to negotiate condom use with their clients due to lack of money. The report identified regional differences in the situation of sex workers, with those in poorer areas or where there is high competition (such as Rundu and Katima Mulilo) less ...more
May 28, 2015, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"No, they cannot force the man to use a condom or else they won’t be paid in the end" (5)
Jan. 2, 2015, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

Table 13.11 Payment for sexual intercourse. "Almost all (95 percent) of the men who paid for sex in the 12 months before the survey reported that they used a condom the last time they had paid sex (data not shown)" (230-1)
Dec. 26, 2014, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

Table 12.10 Payment for sexual intercourse. "Table 12.10 shows that 5 percent of men age 15-49 have paid for sexual intercourse at some point in their lives, and 1 percent did so in the past 12 months. Men age 40-49 (13 percent), those who were previously married (20 percent), and urban men (10 percent) were more likely than other men to have ever paid for sexual intercourse. Among regions this proportion ranges from 2 percent of men in Somali and Harari to 15 percent in Gambela. The proportion of men who ever paid for sex increases with increases in men’s education and wealth. There is little variation by background characteristics ...more
Dec. 26, 2014, 12:33 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

Table 12.10 Payment for sexual intercourse. "Table 12.10 shows that 5 percent of men age 15-49 have paid for sexual intercourse at some point in their lives, and 1 percent did so in the past 12 months. Men age 40-49 (13 percent), those who were previously married (20 percent), and urban men (10 percent) were more likely than other men to have ever paid for sexual intercourse. Among regions this proportion ranges from 2 percent of men in Somali and Harari to 15 percent in Gambela. The proportion of men who ever paid for sex increases with increases in men’s education and wealth. There is little variation by background characteristics ...more
Feb. 10, 2014, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Five percent of men reported that they had engaged in paid sex in the year before the survey (Table 14.6). Paid sex occurs most often among men age 20-24, divorced/separated/widowed men, urban men, men residing in Covalima, Manatuto and Dili, highly educated men, and men living in the wealthiest households. Among those who paid for sex, only 26 percent reported using a condom during their most recent encounter (data not shown). Only small numbers of men reported paying for sex, so an analysis of condom use among men who paid for sex by background characteristics is not statistically meaningful and is not shown in the report" (190)more
Nov. 1, 2013, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Overall, three-fifths of men (62 percent) who reported having engaged in paid sex in the 12 months preceding the survey used a condom the last time they paid for sex. Condom use during paid sex is particularly high for men with 10 or more years of education and men in the highest wealth quintile" (349)
Oct. 2, 2013, 7:54 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Prosecutors learned that the women in the club had to offer vaginal, oral and anal sex, and serve several men at the same time in so-called gangbang sessions. The men didn't always use condoms. 'I was not allowed to say no to anything,' says Alina. During menstruation, she would insert sponges into her vagina so that the customers wouldn't notice" (para. 8)
Aug. 13, 2013, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"The majority of sex workers in 10 yuan shops are aged 40 or over, with some in their 50 and 60s. Uneducated and with little bargaining power, it is estimated that at least 90 per cent carry sexually transmitted diseases, as the use of condoms is negotiable, advocates for sex workers' rights say" (para 14). "‘Business is not bad, at least six or seven [customers] a day…You should use a condom, but it's up to you,’ she says" (para 26)
July 16, 2013, 10:12 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"The campaign aimed to promote safe sex and reduce the stigma against sex workers. Other posters in the campaign carried slogans such as "I cannot be seen without a condom, my love."[...]"The role of the [Healthy] ministry is to have specific content to encourage prevention among sex workers, who are a very vulnerable group," he said" (1)
Feb. 6, 2013, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

“Certain behaviors put individuals at higher risk for contracting HIV. Almost no women and less than 2 percent of men reportedly had two or more sexual partners during the 12 months preceding the survey. Only 40 percent of these men reported wearing a condom at last sexual intercourse. Eleven percent of men reported ever paying for sex, and 4 percent reported paying for sex in the year before the survey. Only 82 percent of the men who paying for sex in the past year reported using a condom the last time they paid for sex” (xxii)
Sept. 27, 2012, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"The review of the PRA was tabled by the Prostitution Law Review Committee in 2008.11 The review found that over 95 percent of sex workers were now aware of their legal rights under the PRA. From a comparative study in 1999, only 37 percent of independent sex workers felt they could refuse a client, but in 2006 this had increased to 62 percent. This indicates there has been a significant improvement in working conditions for sex workers. Since the PRA came into force, 57 percent of sex workers believed the attitudes of the police had improved. Sex workers are now more likely to report incidents of violence to the police, ...more
Aug. 29, 2012, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"In the commercial sex industry in Haiti, men pay higher prices for sex without condoms. In the informal exchanges of sex for food or money occurring in the camps, women lack the ability to negotiate condom use" (51-52)
June 26, 2012, 5:22 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Men are raised to believe that having many sexual partners proves manhood. They expect to be in charge of the how, when and where of sex, including whether or not a condom is to be worn. Condoms are often thought to reduce male pleasure" (24)
June 20, 2012, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"A study in Melbourne, Victoria, found that 40 per cent of clients had used prostituted women without wearing condoms.40 Also men sometimes deliberately tear condoms or take them off when women are not watching. Occupational health and safety advice for prostituted women working in legal brothels in Australia advises women to get into sexual positions where they can check to see that the condom is in place without the man noticing" (13)
May 14, 2012, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"While welcoming the State party’s efforts to include education on sexual and reproductive health and rights at both primary and secondary school levels, the enactment of the HIV and AIDS Act (2006), and the Criminal Code Amendment Bill which seeks to revise section 235 of the Criminal Code on abortion, the Committee reiterates its deep concern about the prevalence of teenage pregnancies in the country, which leads to unsafe abortions among girls and women. The Committee is also concerned about the maintenance of the provision in the Criminal Code criminalizing abortion, despite its previous concluding observations, and about punitive measures faced by women and girls if they pursue an abortion. ...more
Feb. 3, 2012, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"Women face different obstacles in preventing HIV and other STDs. Women are more physically exposed and often are less able to control the conditions of sexual intercourse. Social stigma or conditioning makes some women more reluctant to initiate discussions relating to contraceptive protection. And prevention campaigns addressing safe sex and the risks of HIV/AIDS or other STDs have been limited at a time when STDs are on the rise and economically-induced prostitution is increasing. Trafficking in women and girls for forced prostitution also contributes to the growing infection rate" (51)
May 22, 2011, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: IRP-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is especially concerned that the persistence of unequal power relations between women and men and the inferior status of girls and women hamper their ability to negotiate safe sexual practices and increases their vulnerability to infection" (9)