The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISSA-DATA-1

Oct. 11, 2017, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

According to Table 1, China's sex ratio was 102.61 male births per 100 female births. In 1990, the sex ratio was 111.14 male births per 100 female births. In 2000, the sex ratio was 116.86 male births per 100 female births. In 2010 the sex ratio was 117.94 male births per 100 female births. In 2015 the sex ratio was 113.51 male births per 100 female births (para 1). "According to the WHO, if a country's population sex ratio does not equalize or rather exceeds the 105 threshold, it usually means societies with a dominating preference for male children are intervening in nature and reducing the number of born girl ...more
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-DATA-1

"Therefore, giving birth to a baby boy is highly expected in rural families, pressuring women, and meaning daughters are often neglected. Challenging these beliefs is tremendously difficult due to vested interests and long-practised customs – but local grassroots women’s organizations are taking on this challenge"(para 4)
March 14, 2017, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"The majority-Christian Caucasus country of some three million has the third highest rate of abortions of female foetuses in the world, a figure that rose sharply after the breakup of the Soviet Union" (para 5). "Sex-discriminatory abortions become more prevalent with second and subsequent children, and account for around 1,400 unborn girls each year" (para 8).
Aug. 23, 2016, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

According to Fokupers NGO criteria type cases chart reporting types of violence, in 2009 there were 3 cases of Abandonment (63). According to Pradet's safe place program statistics in 2008, there were 24 cases of Abandonment (65).
May 29, 2016, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"A 2011 study in the British medical journal The Lancet found that up to 12 million girls had been aborted in the last three decades in India" (Para 8)
May 28, 2016, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"The analysis of the statistical data shows that the coefficient of boy/girl ratio in case of the first child has comprised 1.04-1.07, which corresponds to the biologically estimated average statistical indicators (1.02-1.06), starting from the second child the trend in the increase of the indicator is observed (1.08 – 1.13), however, the indicator is obviously high in case of the 3rd and 4th children where it has comprised 1.6 and 1.7" (38). "The sex ratio equalises in 30-34 age group /Table 4/" (38).
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

""3 - rare or never" Anna Saienko" (14)
Jan. 5, 2016, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"In one case, action could not be initiated under the Act as notification of the Act had negligently not been published in the gazette. This was a case in which the remains of two hundred and fifty 'female foetuses' had been recovered from a septic tank in a nursing home in Patiala" (56).
Jan. 3, 2016, 7:09 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"Traditional social norms, including strong son-preference in Vietnam, as well as access to sex selective tecnologies to help with prenatal sex identification and selection, have resulted in Vietnam having one of the fastest rising global disparities in sex ratio at birth," (11).
Dec. 28, 2015, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"The practice, [of sex-selective abortion] though illegal in India, is still quite widespread. It would seem that a deep-seated societal preference for male children seems to be the driving factor behind the problem"(para 9). Given this statement, sex-selective abortion occurs freqently in India(ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 28, 2015, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"Rates of sex-selective abortion in Nepal are incredibly high, even though the practice is technically prohibited and hardly ever mentioned in Western media.One heart-stopping statistic tells the story: for second births among the richest urban women, just 325 girls were born for every 1000 boys...According to Frost’s research, in the late 2000s (2007-2010) the sex-ratio for second-order births was drastically skewed, with just 742 girls being born per 1000 boys. Prior to legalisation of abortion (1998-2000), that ratio was 1021 to 1000. The ratio of female birth decreased most dramatically among educated and richer women, especially in urban areas"(para 1-2, 4). It can be inferred from this ratio that self-selective ...more
Aug. 28, 2015, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"According to the Population Research Institute, that calls itself a non-profit research group, and that collects data on sex selective abortion, over 1.2 million female foetuses were aborted in Pakistan in the years between 2000 and 2014. The yearly average of sex selective abortions is 116,384...The numbers are calculated using census numbers and life expectancy and then projecting the natural ratio and noting the disparity between what should be and what is" (para 3)
Aug. 10, 2015, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1, ABO-DATA-1

"Ultimately, the One-Child Policy has resulted in over 400 million abortions and nearly 40 million sex-selection abortions" (para 11)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"A long time ago they used to kill girls; I am not aware of any recent cases of sex-selective abortions".
May 18, 2015, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

“‘The Government’s commitment to gender empowerment is evident – from Prime Minister Modi’s speeches confirming zero tolerance for violence against women to the very substantial funds that are being allocated for schemes. When it comes to gender biased sex selection, however, entire social structures including those linked to work, marriage and community need to change and the root causes of son preference, acknowledged and fought,’ concludes Ms. Lise Grande, UN Resident Coordinator, UNDP Resident Representative in India" (para 9). The Indian social structure has led to sex-selective practices of abortion and infanticide to be rated a (1) frequent or common (WRG - Coder Comment)
April 24, 2015, 9:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"There is son preference in China. Although there is a law against sex-selective abortion, many people still practice it to ensure their baby's sex. This is not only a personal choice, it is a reflection of a systematic preference - the structure of society favors men. This is clear from gender wage gaps, the fact that there are overwhelmingly more men in powerful positions, and also in the social welfare system which is patriarchal" (para 7). "It is a common phenomenon for women to be brought from one rural community into another that lacks women. Even in the wealthiest areas, there are still some men who face the problem of ...more
April 16, 2015, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

Sex-selective abortions rarely or never occur, perhaps in part because ultrasounds are not common.
Dec. 30, 2014, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"The report ‘Sex ratios and gender biased sex selection: history, debates and future directions’ points out that girls-only families constitute just 2 per cent of families in states like Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan" (para 1). "States that were once acclaimed for being more girl child-friendly are changing for the worse. In the past, India’s North-eastern states had more even CSRs. They are now slipping up. Manipur’s CSR has fallen from 957 in 2001 to 936 in 2011" (para 1). "Pointing to India’s uneven CSR – from 945 in 1991, it has fallen to 918 in 2011 – the UN report describes the situation as an ‘emergency.’ Indeed it is. Girls ...more
Nov. 14, 2014, 9:49 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

“50 million women are missing from India’s population due to sex selection.” This text appears at 0:49 (Coder Comment-SPS)
Sept. 8, 2014, 12:18 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"The prime minister has also voiced concern over millions of missing girls and appealed to Indians to stop killing their daughters. ‘Today the sex ratio is 940 girls to 1,000 boys. Who is creating this imbalance? Not God,’ he said and appealed to doctors to ‘not kill the unborn girl child for money’" (para 10-11)
Sept. 6, 2014, 9:11 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"In China and South Korea, the standard routes to women’s empowerment, such as female literacy and economic independence, have resulted in major achievements. But with the new techniques of sex determination of fetuses, discrimination through selective abortion of female fetuses became surprisingly common in both countries. This has led to organized public initiatives to make women aware of the value of having daughters and not just sons. Such efforts have had much more success in Korea than in China, where the female–male ratio at birth remains lower even than in India" (para. 26). (1) Infanticide and/or sex-selective abortions are frequent or common (NM - CODER COMMENT).
May 23, 2014, 12:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"This starts with the mass murder of female foetuses. In its 2012 report on 'Gender Equality and Development,' the World Bank estimated that over the last two decades, around 2.5 lakh girls were killed in India each year because of their sex" (para 3)
May 14, 2014, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

Table 7 indicates that in 2005 the rate of "termination of pregnancy based on medical indications, as a percentage of the number of live births" was 3.1 for women under 15 years of age, 0.7 for women aged 15-19, 0.5 for women aged 20-34, and 7.7 for women aged 35-50. In 2006, the rate was 0.9 for women aged 15-19, 0.5 for women aged 20-34, and 5.8 for women aged 35-50 (19).
May 13, 2014, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: South Korea, Taiwan, Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"In contrast, the [SRB (Sex Ratio at Birth)] in other advanced areas of the region (Taiwan, South Korea and Singapore) is less skewed, with only a minority of the population resorting to prenatal selection. South Korea provides the only case of a rapid SRB increase till the mid-1990s, which has been followed by an equally rapid decline since then. Viet Nam’s level of birth masculinity may appear modest. Yet, the rise in this country began less than ten years ago, and SRB levels have already passed 120 in the Red River Delta. Viet Nam, therefore, offers a threatening scenario of potential aggravation of SRB in the coming years" (21)more
May 6, 2014, 4:57 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"On the whole, China is today the major contributor to the growing sex imbalances at birth. The [Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB)] started probably to increase in China in the late 1980s. According to the latest census estimate and in agreement with annual figures published by China’s National Bureau of Statistics, the SRB is today close to 118, one of the highest levels ever observed in a country. This figure, when compared to the 105 SRB standard, points to a proportion of deficit female births close to 12 per cent of all female births. With a total number of 84 million births estimated for 2005-10, these excess births correspond to ...more
Feb. 20, 2014, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"Shana's second daughter was one of thousands of girls aborted in Azerbaijan every year. According to a 2012 report by the Guttmacher Institute, Azerbaijan has the highest total abortion rate in the world, with women having on average 2.3 abortions in their lifetimes. Between 2005 and 2009 almost 10 percent of potential female births in Armenia and Azerbaijan did not occur because of prenatal sex selection, another report found. The oil-rich country has one of the world's worst records in sex-selective abortions, according to a report for the UN" (para 3-5). "Statistical trends also show that sex-selective abortions rose steeply when ultrasound testing became more common in the 1990s" (para ...more
Jan. 19, 2014, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"She also warned about an increase in the number of sex-selective abortions in Azerbaijan, which was revealed during her interviews. 'Azerbaijan is reported to rank second among countries where this practice is prevalent…'" (para 7)
Nov. 12, 2013, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-DATA-1

“A 2006 household survey in India came to the conclusion that based on conservative estimates, the practice of sex-selective abortion means that half a million fewer female babies are born a year. In addition, a recently released 2011 Indian Ministry of home affairs census has concluded that the female-to-male ratio for children under six years has slipped from 927 in 2001 to 914 girls for every 1,000 boys. This is India’s lowest girl child gender ratio since independence in 1947” (33)
Sept. 25, 2013, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"The mainland's one-child policy has produced hundreds of millions of victims - the newborns killed every day, the fetuses forcibly aborted in the late stage of pregnancies and the women who bore them" (Para 1). "The one-child policy may have helped avoid more than 300 million births since the early 1980s, but for many, it has been a living nightmare" (Para 34).
Sept. 1, 2013, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: ISSA-DATA-1

"The 2006 population census puts the total population at 298,968, of which about 49 percent are women" (2)