The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISSA-LAW-1

Oct. 11, 2017, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Some parents are still getting illegal tests to find out the sex of their unborn child, in order to decide whether to get an abortion"(para 2)."Xiao Zhu used gene detection technology, which claims to be able to predict a baby's sex by analyzing a small amount of the pregnant mother's blood.The procedure is illegal on the Chinese mainland, so many parents-to-be are looking to Hong Kong clinics that offer this service. The government is trying to battle against countless generations of preference for boys"(para 6-7)."According to the ban on fetus sex tests and sex-selective abortions released by the National Health and Family Planning Commission in May 2016, any organizations or ...more
Aug. 30, 2017, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-LAW-1

"A medical board in the northern Indian state of Haryana said on Monday that the girl’s life had not been endangered by the pregnancy, a necessary condition under the law for most abortions conducted after 20 weeks. India enacted that law in part to discourage the widespread termination of female fetuses in a part of the world where boys are preferred" (para 3).
Jan. 30, 2017, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Concerned about the spreading sex imbalances on society, especially for the numerous men in the reproductive-age groups who will not be able to find a suitable wife someday, many Asian countries, including China, India, Georgia, Nepal, South Korea and Vietnam, have enacted laws making it illegal for a doctor to reveal the sex of a fetus to expecting parents" (para 15).
Jan. 30, 2017, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Georgia, India, South Korea, Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Concerned about the spreading sex imbalances on society, especially for the numerous men in the reproductive-age groups who will not be able to find a suitable wife someday, many Asian countries, including China, India, Georgia, Nepal, South Korea and Vietnam, have enacted laws making it illegal for a doctor to reveal the sex of a fetus to expecting parents" (para 15).
Jan. 18, 2017, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes infanticide and provides penalties ranging from five years’ imprisonment to the death sentence" (35).
Dec. 29, 2016, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"The law provides for a sentence of 10 years’ to life imprisonment for infanticide" (22).
Nov. 22, 2016, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"On January 26, the National Assembly passed the long-awaited Child Code, which bans a wide range of harmful practices such as forced marriage, sexual abuse, FGM/C, trafficking, labor exploitation, infanticide, illegal and prolonged detention, early pregnancy, and begging...the code provides for heavy fines and penalties with up to life imprisonment for convicted violators" (18).
May 29, 2016, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Prenatal sex tests are officially illegal in India, a policy designed to stop so many unborn girls being aborted by parents desperate for a boy" (Para 2). "Parents and doctors can be jailed for up to five years for asking for or conducting a pre-natal sex test. But the tests are still thought to be widespread, particularly in impoverished rural areas" (Para 7)
Jan. 5, 2016, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"These include the Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection), 1994 (hereafter PCPNDT Act)...These standalone comprehensive laws punish those who violate them with imprisonment and fine like any criminal law and also provide for certain civil remedies like getting a marriage annulled in certain situations under the PCMA" (5). "The law to prohibit sex selection for non-medical reasons and regulate the use of certain diagnostic techniques, the PCPNDT Act, was introduced after a long struggle and campaign by women groups" (55). "The PCPNDT Act is on the whole a comprehensive and strict legislation which regulates the use of diagnostic techniques and limits their use only to cases in ...more
Dec. 31, 2015, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-LAW-1

"The charter bans sex-selective abortions, but activists say the provision is unnecessary since the practice is already illegal. They fear the charter will be used as a powerful tool to deny women abortions, by falsely accusing them of trying to abort girls in a country where boys are preferred" (para 17).
Dec. 28, 2015, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Medical authorities in Nepal also seem to be taking action against doctors performing sex-selective abortions in the country. Recently a doctor in Kathmandu had her medical license suspended after an undercover sting exposed a sophisticated gender-selective abortion racket.Nevertheless, authorities are limited in their ability to restrict the practice; women can cross the border to India to have their babies screened and aborted" (para 8-9). Although this does not mention a specific law, a specific punishment for doctors performing sex-selective abortions is mentioned(ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 23, 2015, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Here, villagers plant 111 trees every time a girl is born and the community ensures these trees survive, attaining fruition as the girls grow up" (para 4). "On an average 60 girls are born here every year, according to the village's former sarpanch Shyam Sundar Paliwal, who was instrumental in starting this initiative in the memory of his daughter Kiran, who died a few years ago" (para 6)
Nov. 26, 2015, 12:32 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"The Penal Code (CAP 26) in section 206 provides for an offence of infanticide as opposed to it being treated as an offence of murder. However, the provision treats infanticide the same as manslaughter and consequently the maximum penalty is life imprisonment. The offence of murder has a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment in contrast the offence of manslaughter has a maximum penalty of life imprisonment and the actual sentence is at the discretion of the court. The definition of infanticide does not include environmental or social stresses. It is defined as: 'Where a woman by any wilful act or omission causes the death of her child under the age ...more
Aug. 12, 2015, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"A draft Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan 'On Protection of Reproductive Health and Family Planning' . . . regulates the right to reproductive freedom, the right to maternity protection and maternity, donation of reproductive cells, the right for keeping reproductive cells, the right to use of contraception, medical sterilization and other issues, as well prohibits a check-up for identification of the sex of a child and break-up of pregnancy for a sexual origin (selective abortions), except for cases of high probability of heritable diseases associated with sex" (33)
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Disaggregated data is not available as infanticide is not a specific crime, therefore data for baby-dumping and infanticide is usually recorded as a charge of concealment of birth combined with a charge of abandonment, manslaughter or murder" (14)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1

"I haven’t heard of regulations from the government, but I also haven’t heard of any recent cases of sex selective abortions".
June 2, 2015, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"China’s own intentional, governmental subjugation of women and girls as expressed through the coercive enforcement of the One Child Policy. An event discussing forced abortion and gendercide in China should be held as one of the Plenary Sessions before all delegates" (para 3). “Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has recently stated that China is considering a further reform of the hated One Child Policy, giving rise to news reports with titles such as, ‘Is China Going to Abandon the One Child Policy?’ My answer to that is an emphatic: No, China is not going to abandon the One Child Policy. The Chinese government sees the two-fold demographic disaster caused by the ...more
May 28, 2015, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Families prefer sons but they will not abort their children just because they are female" (9)
April 24, 2015, 9:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"There is son preference in China. Although there is a law against sex-selective abortion, many people still practice it to ensure their baby's sex. This is not only a personal choice, it is a reflection of a systematic preference - the structure of society favors men. This is clear from gender wage gaps, the fact that there are overwhelmingly more men in powerful positions, and also in the social welfare system which is patriarchal" (para 7)
Jan. 22, 2015, 6:56 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"MPs have voted to ban abortions on the grounds of gender amid growing Parliamentary concern over sex-selective terminations. They voted 181 to one to make abortions based on gender illegal, saying the current law had led to ‘widespread confusion’ about what was allowed and what was not. But the ban is unlikely to come into effect, because the government is not behind the change. MPs said the current law on abortion had led to 'widespread confusion' about what was allowed and what was not. The only MP who voted against the sex-selective abortions ban was Glenda Jackson, the former actress and Labour MP for Hampstead and Kilburn" (para 1-5). "The ...more
Jan. 18, 2015, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"According to the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council, China is going to severely crack down on identifying the sex of a fetus and sex-selective abortions, with exceptions for certain medical reasons. In order to promote an equal ratio of males to females among the population, the Provisions on the Ban of Sex Appraisal for Fetuses for Non-Medical Reasons and Selective Abortion (Draft), were jointly drawn up by the National Health and Family Planning Commission, the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration for Industry & Commerce and the China Food and Drug Administration, with a view to stopping parents identifying the gender of a fetus and selective abortions ...more
Dec. 30, 2014, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Despite the enactment of legislation to ban determination of the sex of the foetus – sex determination of the foetus often leads to abortion if the foetus is found to be female – its practice persists. Government authorities claim they are helpless as rarely does sex determination of the foetus or sex selective abortion get reported to the police" (para 2). " Even when a clinic is ordered to be shut down for violating the law, authorities allow them to re-open" (para 3).
Oct. 27, 2014, 12:26 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"In spite of the benefits of having a baby hatch, there is still controversy over the system. Some believe that setting up such a facility sends out the wrong message, especially since abandoning babies is a crime according to China's Law on the Protection of Minors. Opponents of the baby hatch are worried that it will lead to more abandoned babies" (para 9)
Oct. 13, 2014, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

“All forms of abortion remained illegal” (195)
Oct. 13, 2014, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

“All forms of abortion remained criminalized” (194)
Feb. 26, 2014, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Sex selection is now illegal in at least 36 countries. But in those where son preference has the biggest global impact enforcement of the law is weak or non-existent. In China there is no enforcement. ‘Hospitals with suspiciously high rates of female foetuses being aborted could be investigated but are not,’ says Hesketh. ‘For some reason the higher echelons just don’t do it’" (para 30). "The Indian media, meanwhile, is full of stories about the results of the latest census and comparing how states are doing in trying redress their male to female imbalances. Haryana, one of the states with the fewest girls, has just reported a record take-up of ...more
Feb. 21, 2014, 9:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"The inspection operations spearheaded by the state unit have become an important part of the strategy to stop sex-selective elimination of girls under Plan India's Let Girls Be Born project in Jaipur implemented by the Shikshit Rozgar Kendra Prabandhak Samiti, a Rajasthan-based nongovernmental organization. As partners of Plan India, the group in January promoted the importance of girls and their right to survive through a week-long series of plays, rallies and community meetings that reached more than 25, 000 people in the project's target villages in Jaipur district. 'Since the child sex ratio has also declined in the rural areas, we are trying to encourage ordinary people to become involved ...more
Feb. 20, 2014, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"India's solution to its own gender problem has been to ban testing for sex in the 12th-week ultrasound. But enforcement is difficult, says Dr Luis Mora of the United Nations Population Fund. Cheap kits make it possible to test for sex without a doctor's supervision. And some Azerbaijanis believe that withholding information about the gender of a baby would be a step too far. 'It would be a violation of human rights,' says Aliyeva" (para 11). "Meanwhile, the case of South Korea has been commonly used as a successful example of how imbalanced sex ratios can be reversed. By the mid-1990s, South Korea's sex ratio at birth was similar to ...more
Dec. 4, 2013, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: India, South Korea
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"For example, the Republic of Korea amended its law in 1994 to increase the sanctions against selective-induced abortion as well as foetal sex screening. The 2003 Children’s Act of Goa in India has also underscored the need to eliminate prenatal sex selection, female foeticide and infanticide"
July 26, 2013, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"The police and the local administration [in Solapur] say they have graver issues to worry about than abandoned babies. Activists and lawyers say lax laws and the lack of a powerful monitoring system allow sex selection to thrive. Of course, it is also difficult to change the preference of many Indians for a male child" (para 9). "According to Sharada, one of the primary reasons for the decline is the drop in fertility rate. Moreover, people want smaller families, mainly for economic reasons. And if they have to have just one child, they want it to be a son. Another problem that needs to be addressed on a war footing ...more