The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISSA-LAW-1

Dec. 14, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Under Indian law the sex selection of foetuses and abortion of babies because of their gender is illegal" (para 11). "Sex-selection [is] illegal in India, says Mr Chaudhry" (para 34).
Dec. 8, 2019, 5:09 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Though sex-determination tests and sex-selective abortion are illegal in Nepal, punishable by imprisonment from 3 months to 6 months, evidence suggests that it does occur" (2).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Almost all states also introduced 'girl child promotion' schemes, intended to counter sex selection, some of which required a certificate of sterilization for the parents to collect benefits" (41).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"The law also prohibits health-care providers from providing illegal surgeries, ultrasounds to determine the sex of the fetus that are not medically necessary, sex-selective abortions, fake medical identification, and fake birth certificate" (56).
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-LAW-1, ISSA-DATA-1

"Although it is illegal, medical professionals noted that selective sex selection took place, resulting in a boy-to-girl birth ratio of 110:100. The government did not actively address the problem" (Pg 27).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"According to the the World Bank, in 2013 the gender ratio at birth was 116 males to 100 females. This was a decline from 2010, when the ratio was 118 males for every 100 females. Sex identification and sex-selective abortion are prohibited, but the practices continued because of traditional preference for male children and the birth-limitation policy" (page 58). "The law forbids infanticide, but there was evidence that the practice continued. According to the National Population and Family Planning Commission, a handful of doctors were charged with infanticide under this law. Female infanticide, gender-biased abortions, and the abandonment and neglect of baby girls remained problems due to the traditional preference...more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"According to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the government did not take steps to address this imbalance, such as regulating private clinics, or helping to increase women’s social status" (para 123)
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1

"If police discovered the identity of the mother, she faced arrest and prosecution" (page 18).
Oct. 12, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-LAW-1

"In June, the Guardian reported that the Jiangxi province ordered that women seeking an abortion after 14 weeks must get 'signed approval from three medical professionals' before they can access the procedure. The newspaper reported that this is to help prevent selective-sex abortions (an illegal procedure), but that women are still concerned. 'What is the purpose and basis of this policy? The reproductive rights of women in this country seem to be a joke, a Weibo user wrote, according to the Guardian" (para 4-5).
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Child infanticide is a criminal offence in Pakistan and police say poverty and illiteracy are root causes" (para. 6)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Medical institutions may not carry out gender-biased sex selection procedures. Clinics and hospitals with higher rates of imbalance may be put under surveillance, and doctors who facilitate gender-biased sex selection can be fined. There were no reported cases of the authorities imposing these fines during the year" (11).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1, ISSA-DATA-1

"The Committee is concerned that women in detention live in deplorable conditions and are subjected to violence, including rape, by guards and/or male detainees, and that such cases are not adequately investigated and prosecuted. The Committee also is concerned that most women in detention have been convicted of infanticide. The Committee urges the State party to ensure that living conditions in detention centres are compliant with the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules); that women are under the supervision of female guards and that gender-sensitive complaint mechanisms are available to them; and that all cases of violence against...more
Oct. 11, 2017, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Some parents are still getting illegal tests to find out the sex of their unborn child, in order to decide whether to get an abortion"(para 2)."Xiao Zhu used gene detection technology, which claims to be able to predict a baby's sex by analyzing a small amount of the pregnant mother's blood.The procedure is illegal on the Chinese mainland, so many parents-to-be are looking to Hong Kong clinics that offer this service. The government is trying to battle against countless generations of preference for boys"(para 6-7)."According to the ban on fetus sex tests and sex-selective abortions released by the National Health and Family Planning Commission in May 2016, any organizations or...more
Aug. 30, 2017, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-LAW-1

"A medical board in the northern Indian state of Haryana said on Monday that the girl’s life had not been endangered by the pregnancy, a necessary condition under the law for most abortions conducted after 20 weeks. India enacted that law in part to discourage the widespread termination of female fetuses in a part of the world where boys are preferred" (para 3).
Jan. 30, 2017, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Concerned about the spreading sex imbalances on society, especially for the numerous men in the reproductive-age groups who will not be able to find a suitable wife someday, many Asian countries, including China, India, Georgia, Nepal, South Korea and Vietnam, have enacted laws making it illegal for a doctor to reveal the sex of a fetus to expecting parents" (para 15).
Jan. 30, 2017, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Georgia, India, South Korea, Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Concerned about the spreading sex imbalances on society, especially for the numerous men in the reproductive-age groups who will not be able to find a suitable wife someday, many Asian countries, including China, India, Georgia, Nepal, South Korea and Vietnam, have enacted laws making it illegal for a doctor to reveal the sex of a fetus to expecting parents" (para 15).
Jan. 18, 2017, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes infanticide and provides penalties ranging from five years’ imprisonment to the death sentence" (35).
Dec. 29, 2016, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"The law provides for a sentence of 10 years’ to life imprisonment for infanticide" (22).
Nov. 22, 2016, 12:37 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"On January 26, the National Assembly passed the long-awaited Child Code, which bans a wide range of harmful practices such as forced marriage, sexual abuse, FGM/C, trafficking, labor exploitation, infanticide, illegal and prolonged detention, early pregnancy, and begging...the code provides for heavy fines and penalties with up to life imprisonment for convicted violators" (18).
May 29, 2016, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Prenatal sex tests are officially illegal in India, a policy designed to stop so many unborn girls being aborted by parents desperate for a boy" (Para 2). "Parents and doctors can be jailed for up to five years for asking for or conducting a pre-natal sex test. But the tests are still thought to be widespread, particularly in impoverished rural areas" (Para 7)
Jan. 5, 2016, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"These include the Pre-conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Prohibition of Sex Selection), 1994 (hereafter PCPNDT Act)...These standalone comprehensive laws punish those who violate them with imprisonment and fine like any criminal law and also provide for certain civil remedies like getting a marriage annulled in certain situations under the PCMA" (5). "The law to prohibit sex selection for non-medical reasons and regulate the use of certain diagnostic techniques, the PCPNDT Act, was introduced after a long struggle and campaign by women groups" (55). "The PCPNDT Act is on the whole a comprehensive and strict legislation which regulates the use of diagnostic techniques and limits their use only to cases in...more
Dec. 31, 2015, 11:47 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-LAW-1

"The charter bans sex-selective abortions, but activists say the provision is unnecessary since the practice is already illegal. They fear the charter will be used as a powerful tool to deny women abortions, by falsely accusing them of trying to abort girls in a country where boys are preferred" (para 17).
Dec. 28, 2015, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Medical authorities in Nepal also seem to be taking action against doctors performing sex-selective abortions in the country. Recently a doctor in Kathmandu had her medical license suspended after an undercover sting exposed a sophisticated gender-selective abortion racket.Nevertheless, authorities are limited in their ability to restrict the practice; women can cross the border to India to have their babies screened and aborted" (para 8-9). Although this does not mention a specific law, a specific punishment for doctors performing sex-selective abortions is mentioned(ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 23, 2015, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Here, villagers plant 111 trees every time a girl is born and the community ensures these trees survive, attaining fruition as the girls grow up" (para 4). "On an average 60 girls are born here every year, according to the village's former sarpanch Shyam Sundar Paliwal, who was instrumental in starting this initiative in the memory of his daughter Kiran, who died a few years ago" (para 6)
Nov. 26, 2015, 12:32 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"The Penal Code (CAP 26) in section 206 provides for an offence of infanticide as opposed to it being treated as an offence of murder. However, the provision treats infanticide the same as manslaughter and consequently the maximum penalty is life imprisonment. The offence of murder has a mandatory sentence of life imprisonment in contrast the offence of manslaughter has a maximum penalty of life imprisonment and the actual sentence is at the discretion of the court. The definition of infanticide does not include environmental or social stresses. It is defined as: 'Where a woman by any wilful act or omission causes the death of her child under the age...more
Aug. 12, 2015, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"A draft Law of the Republic of Azerbaijan 'On Protection of Reproductive Health and Family Planning' . . . regulates the right to reproductive freedom, the right to maternity protection and maternity, donation of reproductive cells, the right for keeping reproductive cells, the right to use of contraception, medical sterilization and other issues, as well prohibits a check-up for identification of the sex of a child and break-up of pregnancy for a sexual origin (selective abortions), except for cases of high probability of heritable diseases associated with sex" (33)
June 30, 2015, 7:44 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Disaggregated data is not available as infanticide is not a specific crime, therefore data for baby-dumping and infanticide is usually recorded as a charge of concealment of birth combined with a charge of abandonment, manslaughter or murder" (14)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1

"I haven’t heard of regulations from the government, but I also haven’t heard of any recent cases of sex selective abortions".
June 2, 2015, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"China’s own intentional, governmental subjugation of women and girls as expressed through the coercive enforcement of the One Child Policy. An event discussing forced abortion and gendercide in China should be held as one of the Plenary Sessions before all delegates" (para 3). “Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has recently stated that China is considering a further reform of the hated One Child Policy, giving rise to news reports with titles such as, ‘Is China Going to Abandon the One Child Policy?’ My answer to that is an emphatic: No, China is not going to abandon the One Child Policy. The Chinese government sees the two-fold demographic disaster caused by the...more
May 28, 2015, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ISSA-LAW-1

"Families prefer sons but they will not abort their children just because they are female" (9)