The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISSA-PRACTICE-1

July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the amendment of the Law on Human Reproductive Health and Reproductive Rights in August 2016, prohibiting sex-selective abortions, introducing counselling, as well as a three-day period of reflection, before the final decision for women who have applied for abortion and defining procedures for medical staff who refuse to comply with this legislation. The Committee also notes the recent decrease in the sex-ratio bias. Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned by the widespread practice of sex-selective abortion" (11).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Infanticide, usually due to poverty or embarrassment, continued to be a problem. In some cases, women’s families shamed them into killing their babies. Domestic workers and rural women working in cities sometimes killed their newborns if they could not care for them. Others, married to men working outside the country, killed their infants out of shame. According to the African Assembly for the Defense of Human Rights, infanticide also occurred when a woman became pregnant with the child of a man from a prohibited occupational caste" (page 18).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"According to the government’s statistical agency, the ratio of boys to girls at birth in 2016 was 107 to 100, which indicated that gender-biased sex selection was possibly occurring. The government did not take any steps to address the imbalance" (page 18).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"So-called honor killings remained a problem, especially in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and Haryana. These states also had low female birth ratios due to gender selective abortions" (39).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Sex identification and sex-selective abortion are prohibited, but the practices continued because of the traditional preference for male children and the birth-limitation policy" (57).
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-LAW-1, ISSA-DATA-1

"Although it is illegal, medical professionals noted that selective sex selection took place, resulting in a boy-to-girl birth ratio of 110:100. The government did not actively address the problem" (Pg 27).
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-DATA-1

"Sex selection was cited as a reason for 8 percent of abortions, while socioeconomic reasons or other reasons were each cited for 6 percent" (99).
May 24, 2019, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-DATA-2

"China, on the other hand, is confronted with an unusually high gender imbalance derived primarily from more than 30 years of one-child policy coupled with gender selection due to son preference. The latter is linked to Chinese traditions that see the sons carry on the families’ lineage over generations as well as care for their aging parents, together with their wives that join the husbands’ families. The Chinese Academy of Social Sciences has calculated a sex ratio of 124 men for every 100 girls in the generation born between 2000 and 2004, which is one of the highest gender imbalances in the world. The resulting surplus of men of marriageable...more
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"According to the Ministry of Health, the national average male-female sex ratio at birth for the first half of the year was 113.4 to 100. The government acknowledged the problem, highlighted reduction of the ratio as a goal in the national program on gender equality, and continued to take steps to address it" (31).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"According to the the World Bank, in 2013 the gender ratio at birth was 116 males to 100 females. This was a decline from 2010, when the ratio was 118 males for every 100 females. Sex identification and sex-selective abortion are prohibited, but the practices continued because of traditional preference for male children and the birth-limitation policy" (page 58). "Kidnapping, buying, and selling children for adoption reportedly increased, particularly in poor rural areas, but there were no reliable estimates of the number of children kidnapped. Government authorities regularly estimated that fewer than 10,000 children were abducted per year. Media reports and experts sources noted, however, that as many as 70,000...more
March 20, 2019, 11:36 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Media reported cases in which parents, usually young mothers, abandoned newborns, sometimes leading to the newborn’s death" (12).
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Defectors also reported that the government carried out infanticide in cases of political prisoners, persons with disabilities, and where the mother was repatriated from China" (2).
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-DATA-1

"Notably, sex selection was the most important reason in only 3% of pregnancy terminations" (99).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Some prostitutes and domestic workers practiced infanticide, mainly due to lack of access to and knowledge about contraception. Authorities prosecuted at least two infanticide cases during the year" (page 24).
Jan. 4, 2019, 12:28 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"'There is a clear need for States to effectively implement the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994 and take appropriate measures to promote the value of the girl child,' the report notes further" (para 11). "The report also shows that economic prosperity does not necessarily translate into social progressiveness, as evident from the fact that states like Punjab and Haryana, despite having a higher per capita income, have a worse sex ratio than Bihar, for example" (para 16).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-DATA-2

"The ratio of boy-to-girl births was 107 to 100. There was no information on any government efforts to examine whether this imbalance was due to gender-biased sex selection" (page 23).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: WR-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Kayan, Karenni/Kayah and Kayaw: According to their custom, daughters and wives do not have the right to own land. Women can only own land when their husband has passed away. However, if the son is already an adult, the land will automatically go to the son. Although there is no written law, the custom has been practiced for many generations. Source: Kayan Women’s Organisation (KYWO). Kuki: According to the Kuki people’s custom and traditions, Kuki women have never had the right to own land or property at any point in time. When the husband passes away, title is passed to his oldest son, the oldest brother of the husband or...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Other major human rights problems included: infanticide" (page 1). "Infanticide, usually due to poverty or embarrassment, continued to be a problem. Domestic workers and rural women working in cities sometimes killed their newborns if they could not care for them. Others, married to men working outside the country, killed their infants out of shame. According to the African Assembly for the Defense of Human Rights, infanticide also occurred when a woman became pregnant with the child of a man from a prohibited occupational caste. In some cases the families of the women shamed them into killing their babies" (page 18).
Oct. 12, 2018, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-LAW-1

"In June, the Guardian reported that the Jiangxi province ordered that women seeking an abortion after 14 weeks must get 'signed approval from three medical professionals' before they can access the procedure. The newspaper reported that this is to help prevent selective-sex abortions (an illegal procedure), but that women are still concerned. 'What is the purpose and basis of this policy? The reproductive rights of women in this country seem to be a joke, a Weibo user wrote, according to the Guardian" (para 4-5).
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:34 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Academics often talk about between 30 and 60 million “missing girls” in China, apparently killed in the womb or just after birth, thanks to a combination of preference for sons and the country’s decades under a repressive one-child policy. Now researchers in the United States and China think they might have found many — or even most — of them, and argue they might not have been killed after all." (para. 1 - 2). "China finally abandoned the one-child policy this year after more than three decades, allowing everyone to have two children. But there is still widespread concern about the lagged effects of a seriously skewed gender ratio on...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Hundreds of dead newborn girls have been found dumped in garbage piles in Pakistan over the last year amid a cultural preference for boys, it has emerged. A total of 345 babies have been found dead in refuse heaps in Karachi, Pakistan's most populous city, since the beginning of 2017 with 99 per cent of them found to be girls, according to local reports" (para. 1 - 2). "According to The News International, activists from the Chhipa Welfare Foundation said it had come across 93 such cases in Karachi with 70 in 2017 and 23 this year" (para. 5). "However, Anwar Kazmi, from Karachi's Edhi Center charity, said the majority...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The police did not give a price, but local news reports said the mothers were given 300,000 rupees ($4,380) for a boy and 100,000 rupees ($1,460) for a girl" (para 8). This price differnece indicates a stronger value being placed on sons rather than daughters (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and deep-rooted gender stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and in society that overemphasize the subordinate and caring roles of women and are reflected in practices such as son preference" (5). "...the Committee notes with concern:The imbalance of the sex ratio at birth arising from a strong preference for male offspring, which results in the sex selection of foetuses..." (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The imbalanced ratio of newborn boys to girls continued to increase, particularly in some wealthier areas of Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. The government acknowledged the problem (reduction of the ratio was a highlighted goal in the National Program on Gender Equality) and continued to take steps to address it" (42).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“[There is the] prevalence of son preference in families and within society and the attribution of a subordinate status to women vis-à-vis men, as reflected and perpetuated by a relatively high number of sex-selective abortions” (4)
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the excessive use of abortion as a method of birth control in the State party, including sex-selective abortion" (Pg 9).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The maxim of son preference is a well established and acknowledged fact of Indian society" (114).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1, ISSA-DATA-1

"The Committee is concerned that women in detention live in deplorable conditions and are subjected to violence, including rape, by guards and/or male detainees, and that such cases are not adequately investigated and prosecuted. The Committee also is concerned that most women in detention have been convicted of infanticide. The Committee urges the State party to ensure that living conditions in detention centres are compliant with the United Nations Rules for the Treatment of Women Prisoners and Non-custodial Measures for Women Offenders (the Bangkok Rules); that women are under the supervision of female guards and that gender-sensitive complaint mechanisms are available to them; and that all cases of violence against...more
March 6, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Gallup surveyed Americans 10 times from 1941 to 2011, and their answers remained virtually unchanged: If they could have one child, 40 percent would prefer a boy and 28 percent a girl (the rest showed no preference). While having a daughter versus a son used to make American parents more likely to keep having children, theoretically to try for a son, now the opposite is true: Having a daughter makes it less likely that they keep having children. Some data from adoptions and fertility procedures that allow parents to choose the sex of their baby also shows a preference, to varying degrees, for girls. First- and second-generation American immigrants, the...more
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-DATA-2, GIC-LAW-1

"Young Vietnamese women are valuable commodities in China, where the one-child policy and long-standing preference for sons has heavily skewed the gender ratio" (para 6).