The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISSA-PRACTICE-1

Oct. 11, 2017, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

According to Table 1, China's sex ratio was 102.61 male births per 100 female births. In 1990, the sex ratio was 111.14 male births per 100 female births. In 2000, the sex ratio was 116.86 male births per 100 female births. In 2010 the sex ratio was 117.94 male births per 100 female births. In 2015 the sex ratio was 113.51 male births per 100 female births (para 1). "According to the WHO, if a country's population sex ratio does not equalize or rather exceeds the 105 threshold, it usually means societies with a dominating preference for male children are intervening in nature and reducing the number of born girl ...more
Oct. 10, 2017, 7:36 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The policy which was enforced on parents for more than three decades has caused a big gender imbalance because families preferred a son to a daughter. This means China has many more men than women" (para 19).
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-DATA-1

"Therefore, giving birth to a baby boy is highly expected in rural families, pressuring women, and meaning daughters are often neglected. Challenging these beliefs is tremendously difficult due to vested interests and long-practised customs – but local grassroots women’s organizations are taking on this challenge"(para 4)
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"'Well, daughters are expensive. If she goes to school, we have to buy her books. So having a daughter is a problem. If she goes to her husband’s house, there are no issues with expenses. Now girls have the same rights as boys. But I could have gotten rid of the educational expenses if I could have married her off'" (1). This is a quote from the mother of a young girl at 16:23. Her words point to a culture that values male offspring more than female offspring (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 30, 2017, 12:31 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-LAW-1

"A medical board in the northern Indian state of Haryana said on Monday that the girl’s life had not been endangered by the pregnancy, a necessary condition under the law for most abortions conducted after 20 weeks. India enacted that law in part to discourage the widespread termination of female fetuses in a part of the world where boys are preferred" (para 3).
June 6, 2017, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Researchers have blamed the practice of giving dowries for the abortion of girls. 'Female foeticide is rare among Muslims, but, it is rampant in Hindu society, especially in urban areas,' said journalist and activist Santosh Prasad. 'If a powerful DRA-like [Dahez Roko Abhiyan, or stop dowry campaign] campaign became widespread, I am sure the rate of foeticide will drop'" (p 20-21)
March 14, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Some analysts have linked the shared trend for sex-selective abortions in Armenia and Azerbaijan to their violent territorial dispute since 1994 over the Nagorny Karabakh region, suggesting it has promoted a sense of insecurity and a desire for male defenders" (para 12).
March 14, 2017, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Ani Kirakosyan says she is afraid of getting pregnant because if the ultrasound shows the foetus is a girl she will have to consider having an abortion. In ex-Soviet Armenia — where families traditionally prefer sons — women are often pressured to have sex-selective abortions to get rid of girl babies. 'Relatives were consoling me when I gave birth to my first daughter,' said Kirakosyan, a 27-year-old resident of the Armenian capital, Yerevan. But when my second daughter was born, my mother-in-law told me that there must be no more girls, that I must finally bear my husband a son. The majority-Christian Caucasus country of some three million has the ...more
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Civil society advocates expressed concern that 17 women convicted of homicide for the deaths of their infants were wrongly incarcerated. Amnesty International and the UN Development Program claimed the women had miscarriages, while the Legal Medicine Institute argued that the women committed infanticide" (18).
Jan. 30, 2017, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Sex ratios at birth have also been found to vary markedly by religious group. While some religious groups in India exhibit high sex ratios, such as Sikhs (130) and Jains (118), others have sex ratios closer to normal, such as Muslims (107) and Christians (104). Hindus and Buddhists fall in between, at 111 and 108 boys per 100 females, respectively" (para 11). "Reflecting the strong preference for sons, the raising of a daughter, according to one Indian saying, is like watering the neighbor’s garden" (para 14).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"There are perceptions that men are better off than women are as far as the ability to work is concerned and only men can look after their parents. That is why girls are subject to discrimination from their births. In addition, son preferences in the traditional Bangladeshi society create gender discrimination. In the case of employment, the employers in Bangladesh still tend to employ men first rather than women" (7).
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"And because families often preferred male babies, China has a surplus of men, further complicating marriage prospects" (para 9).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"When she was seven months pregnant, she was set on fire by her husband and her mother-in-law. It was ostensibly because of her dowry, but in reality, it was because she was pregnant with a baby girl and the family knew that" (para 24).
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“Domestic violence against women, gender-biased sex selection, early marriage, HIV and AIDS social stigma, and trafficking in persons were also reported” (1, 2). “According to the World Bank’s most recent data, the gender ratio of children born in the country was 110 boys for every 100 girls. The skewing of the gender ratio was particularly acute for the birth of a woman’s second or third child, but neither the public nor the medical society considered sex selection to be a serious problem. Few civil society organizations were aware of the problem of gender-biased sex selection or engaged in public education campaigns or other efforts to address it” (38).more
Nov. 11, 2016, 3:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"'These old men, they would like to marry their girls off at an early age,' she [Peninnah Tombo] says. 'They would not like their daughters or daughters-in-law to come to me, because they know I'll stop them from getting married at an early age. They tell them not to come near me.To them, if your wife gives birth to a girl, it's like you have given birth to wealth, to property'"(para 10-11)."'For years, we Masai men have remained the head of the family in terms of making decisions. A woman is not entitled to give their opinions on day-to-day activities; neither can she be allowed to influence the men's decisions,' ...more
Nov. 9, 2016, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"'For instance, female and male children will face different challenges in societies in which females’ families receive dowry when their daughter marries while males are expected to inherit land and other resources when they come of age. In northern Uganda, some families and clans have rejected male children born of war to a higher extent than females because they do not want to allocate land to them on which to settle when they come of age'"(para 21)
Aug. 14, 2016, 7:01 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“A significant imbalance in the birth ratio of boys to girls pointed to gender-biased sex selection” (2).
Aug. 12, 2016, 7:29 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Even today, however, women are not highly valued; grandparents are still known to demand that a couple continue having children until a grandson is born" (646)
Aug. 7, 2016, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“According to the government’s statistical agency, the ratio of boys to girls at birth in 2014 was 109 to 100, which indicated that gender-biased sex selection may be occurring. The government did not support efforts to address the gender imbalance” (20).
July 27, 2016, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“Girls are more likely than boys not to live with their biological parents (26 and 22 percent, respectively)” (21).
July 27, 2016, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

“The gender ratio of children born in the country was 1.12 boys for each girl. Local experts reported that gender-biased sex selection was widespread, predominantly in rural regions. The SCFWCA conducted seminars and public media campaigns to raise awareness of the problem” (33).
May 29, 2016, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"India's children's minister has called for mandatory tests to determine the sex of an unborn child to try to counter high levels of female foeticide, sparking fierce criticism Tuesday from women's activists. Prenatal sex tests are officially illegal in India, a policy designed to stop so many unborn girls being aborted by parents desperate for a boy. But in a speech late Monday, Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi said a more effective strategy would be to record the sex of a foetus at the outset of the pregnancy and then monitor its progress. Women's rights groups said a change of policy would result in women from rural areas ...more
March 24, 2016, 2:13 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"For example, an in-depth analysis of a survey of 1.1 million households in India in 1998 found that prenatal sex determination followed by selective abortion of female foetuses is the most plausible explanation for the high sex ratio at birth in that country. The adjusted sex ratio for the second birth when the preceding child was a girl was 132 boys per 100 girls" (6).
March 24, 2016, 2:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"For example, figure 1.7 displays the number of women and men exceeding the 50:50 ratio by age in China at the latest population census, which took place in 2000, as well as the same statistics for the Russian Federation in 2006. The figure points to the fact that in 2000 the total number of excess boys and young men up to 20 years of age in China was almost 21 million" (6).
March 17, 2016, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"Femicide/infanticide or sex selective abandonments are unknown practices for the Cyprus population. There is no evidence that sons are so much more valuated than daughters in the Cyprus society...Do families adopt in sons in cases of infertility or a lack of male offspring, in order to carry on the patriline? How prevalent are these practices? [At a minimum, use ratings: (1) frequent or common, (2) occasional (not rare) and regional only, and (3) rare or never.] Of course there are differences within classes, ethnicities but these phenomena were never observed in recent times ( 3:rare or never)" (7)
March 17, 2016, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"There is no son preference here" (12)
March 4, 2016, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"In Afghanistan, a culture ruled almost entirely by men, the birth of a son is cause for celebration and the arrival of a daughter is often mourned as misfortune. A 'bacha posh' (literally translated from Dari as 'dressed up like a boy') is a third kind of child - a girl temporarily raised as a boy and presented as such to the outside world"(1)."Divided into four parts, the book follows those born as the unwanted sex in Afghanistan, but who live as the socially favored gender through childhood and puberty, only to later be forced into marriage and childbirth"(1)."'Our brother is really a girl.' One of the eager-looking twins nods ...more
March 4, 2016, 2:51 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: SUICIDE-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"The customary practice of gifting daughters on her marriage took the form of the evil practice of dowry. This being the root cause sowed the seeds of a practice that sometimes drag the poor parents of the daughters to the doors of penury or force daughters to commit suicide or provoke the parents to kill their daughters even before they are born or drags the parents to commit crimes like female infanticide" (1)
March 3, 2016, 11:33 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1

"It (the committee) is also concerned at the high ratio of abortion among teenage girls and young women and at the fact that women who elect to undergo abortion can be subjected to punishment under the Penal Code" (11)
Jan. 15, 2016, 6:42 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ABO-PRACTICE-1

"It remains concerned, ... the use of abortions as a major means of family planning, including a high number of sex-selective abortions and forced abortions" (9)