The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for ISSA-PRACTICE-2

Oct. 11, 2017, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Xiao Zhu used gene detection technology, which claims to be able to predict a baby's sex by analyzing a small amount of the pregnant mother's blood.The procedure is illegal on the Chinese mainland, so many parents-to-be are looking to Hong Kong clinics that offer this service. The government is trying to battle against countless generations of preference for boys"(para 6-7)."But the Global Times reporter found many agencies offering to identify the sex of unborn babies simply by putting 'Hong Kong' and 'fetus sex identification' into a search engine.An employee from an agency found via this simple search said that customers could choose to have the blood test in Hong Kong ...more
March 14, 2017, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"In mid-2016, the Armenian parliament adopted legislation aimed at reversing the female foeticide trend. The new measures include doctors compulsorily questioning women on their motives for wanting an abortion and refusing those driven by gender selection. The legislation also bars terminations after 12 weeks unless there is a risk to a woman’s health, she was raped or is a single mother" (para 16-18).
Jan. 30, 2017, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Concerned about the spreading sex imbalances on society, especially for the numerous men in the reproductive-age groups who will not be able to find a suitable wife someday, many Asian countries, including China, India, Georgia, Nepal, South Korea and Vietnam, have enacted laws making it illegal for a doctor to reveal the sex of a fetus to expecting parents. Such laws, however, are difficult to enforce, especially given the strong preference for sons and the reluctance of couples and medical workers to cooperate with government regulations mostly aimed at the more abstract notion of improving society" (para 15).
Jan. 30, 2017, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Concerned about the spreading sex imbalances on society, especially for the numerous men in the reproductive-age groups who will not be able to find a suitable wife someday, many Asian countries, including China, India, Georgia, Nepal, South Korea and Vietnam, have enacted laws making it illegal for a doctor to reveal the sex of a fetus to expecting parents. Such laws, however, are difficult to enforce, especially given the strong preference for sons and the reluctance of couples and medical workers to cooperate with government regulations mostly aimed at the more abstract notion of improving society" (para 15).
May 29, 2016, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"India's children's minister has called for mandatory tests to determine the sex of an unborn child to try to counter high levels of female foeticide, sparking fierce criticism Tuesday from women's activists. Prenatal sex tests are officially illegal in India, a policy designed to stop so many unborn girls being aborted by parents desperate for a boy. But in a speech late Monday, Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi said a more effective strategy would be to record the sex of a foetus at the outset of the pregnancy and then monitor its progress" (Para 1-3). "Parents and doctors can be jailed for up to five years for asking ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

""In Ukraine, there is no gender preference that would cause sex-selective abortions, infanticide, child abandonment or son preference to be an issue. Abortions are common here because of the stresses of life and the economy, but this will usually not depend on whether or not the baby is a boy or girl." Anna Saienko" (14)
Jan. 5, 2016, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"That said, the delay in enacting this legislation and the lack of implementation post-enactment has meant easy availability of pre-natal sex-determination tests carried out with impunity" (58). "The Act sets up a number of statutory authorities like the Central Supervisory Board, and the State Supervisory Board, which are required to 'review and monitor implementation of the Act' and to create public awareness of the Act amongst other functions. The State Supervisory Boards are also required to send consolidated reports of the various activities under the Act to the Central government and Central Board. The Central Board is required to meet at least once in six months. Both the Central and ...more
Dec. 28, 2015, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Medical authorities in Nepal also seem to be taking action against doctors performing sex-selective abortions in the country. Recently a doctor in Kathmandu had her medical license suspended after an undercover sting exposed a sophisticated gender-selective abortion racket.Nevertheless, authorities are limited in their ability to restrict the practice; women can cross the border to India to have their babies screened and aborted. The practice, though illegal in India, is still quite widespread. It would seem that a deep-seated societal preference for male children seems to be the driving factor behind the problem"(para 8-9)
Nov. 14, 2015, 1:03 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-1, ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Right now [2015] Armenia is working on a law to prevent gender selective abortions" (13)
June 29, 2015, 2:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations and remains concerned about the persistence of deep-rooted stereotypes regarding the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family and society. That is reflected in the tradition of son preference which, because of sex-selective abortion and other illegal practices such as forced abortion and sterilization and the infanticide of girls, results in an adverse sex ratio" (page 5).
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1

"I haven’t heard of regulations from the government, but I also haven’t heard of any recent cases of sex selective abortions".
April 1, 2015, 8:34 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Sex determination is illegal in India, but she thinks it will be a boy" (para. 9)
Jan. 18, 2015, 10:49 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"According to the Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council, China is going to severely crack down on identifying the sex of a fetus and sex-selective abortions, with exceptions for certain medical reasons. In order to promote an equal ratio of males to females among the population, the Provisions on the Ban of Sex Appraisal for Fetuses for Non-Medical Reasons and Selective Abortion (Draft), were jointly drawn up by the National Health and Family Planning Commission, the Ministry of Public Security, the State Administration for Industry & Commerce and the China Food and Drug Administration, with a view to stopping parents identifying the gender of a fetus and selective abortions ...more
Dec. 30, 2014, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Despite the enactment of legislation to ban determination of the sex of the foetus – sex determination of the foetus often leads to abortion if the foetus is found to be female – its practice persists. Government authorities claim they are helpless as rarely does sex determination of the foetus or sex selective abortion get reported to the police" (para 2). " Even when a clinic is ordered to be shut down for violating the law, authorities allow them to re-open" (para 3).
Oct. 27, 2014, 12:26 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"'The government should crack down on the crime of abandoning children, instead of publicly setting up facilities for parents to abandon their babies. It is encouraging the practice and may even lead some disadvantaged families to abandon their children,' said Ding, a resident of Nanjing, capital city of east China's Jiangsu Province. 'The baby hatch will not solve the fundamental problem behind the issue of baby abandonment,' Ding added. 'Previously you had to abandon a baby in secret, but now it feels like if you don't want your baby, you can just go to the baby hatch and leave it there,' said another Nanjing resident surnamed Wang. During the second ...more
Feb. 21, 2014, 9:07 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"In the state of Rajasthan, pregnant women have begun helping the state government conduct surprise inspections of health diagnostic centers to prevent and discourage sex-selective abortions. The volunteers undergo a sonogram and pretend to want an abortion if the ultrasound indicates a female fetus. After a clinician agrees, they serve as witnesses against the practitioner in court hearings" (para 1-2). "The state ministry is considering financial rewards for the women who help the inspection operations, Easharwal said. Currently, informants who identify a medical practitioner or sonogram center that is found guilty of carrying out sex determination tests or sex- selective abortions can earn a $1550 reward" (para 15). "The state ...more
Feb. 20, 2014, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"India's solution to its own gender problem has been to ban testing for sex in the 12th-week ultrasound. But enforcement is difficult, says Dr Luis Mora of the United Nations Population Fund. Cheap kits make it possible to test for sex without a doctor's supervision. And some Azerbaijanis believe that withholding information about the gender of a baby would be a step too far. 'It would be a violation of human rights,' says Aliyeva. Musa Guliyev, the deputy chairman of the Committee on Social Policy, told Al Jazeera that Azerbaijan's parliament plans to discuss a new legislative package on reproductive health this fall. Under the proposed legislation, any woman pursuing ...more
July 26, 2013, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"In early July, in Solapur, the police arrested another doctor couple, who were on the run, for conducting sex-selective abortions. Drs Ajit and Priyadarsini Upase had been absconding ever since the police discovered one of their hospital staff burying a female foetus at a burial ground in the town. Two of their staff, who were arrested, told the police that the doctor couple had done several sex-selective abortions" (para 7)
July 26, 2013, 8:41 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"The police and the local administration [in Solapur] say they have graver issues to worry about than abandoned babies. Activists and lawyers say lax laws and the lack of a powerful monitoring system allow sex selection to thrive. Of course, it is also difficult to change the preference of many Indians for a male child" (para 9). "According to Sharada, one of the primary reasons for the decline [in females] is the drop in fertility rate. Moreover, people want smaller families, mainly for economic reasons. And if they have to have just one child, they want it to be a son. Another problem that needs to be addressed on a ...more
July 20, 2013, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"It is not typical for Kara mothers to be asked to kill their own mingi children — and none are known to have done it of their own volition. In any case, fellow Kara say Mashi could not have killed her baby; she was far too weak after the birth to have done such a thing. It was other women who took the child away, they say. But when police arrived, Mashi took the blame. Within days, she had been sentenced to three years in prison. She had no attorney, and there was no trial. She may be a prisoner today, but her past and future are inexorably Kara. Mashi ...more
July 9, 2013, 1:19 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Under Albania's 2002 reproductive health law, the use of prenatal screening technologies to provide for sex-selective abortions is not permitted and abortions after the first trimester are illegal. […] Sex-selective abortions face few social or administrative barriers in Albania, researchers of the report found. Currently Albania does not have in place a directive that would ban the disclosure by doctors of the baby's sex during pregnancy. [...] During interviews with members of the general population and also medical professionals, most expressed views indicating they were against sex-selective abortions, yet only in few cases did they report legal or administrative barriers, Voko said" (1)
March 26, 2013, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Speaking about human rights issues, we’ve been following an issue here in Albania that has just now come to the attention of the government and civil society: gender imbalance at birth. The Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly (PACE) released a report in 2011 that indicated that the birth ratio of boys to girls in Albania was 111:100. The report surprised a lot of people. Although the trend has been documented in Eastern Europe, to our knowledge nobody had focused specifically on Albania. To their credit, the government seems to have jumped on the report and attempted to look into the issue. The Albanian Ministry of Health, together with World Vision ...more
Feb. 20, 2013, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Police in China have arrested a woman for performing ultrasound tests in the back seats of cars and illegally telling mothers the gender of their fetus, state media said Tuesday. It is forbidden in China to tell expectant parents which sex their child will be because the practice has encouraged parents with a traditional preference for sons to abort female fetuses, skewing the ratio of boys to girls. Sonograms are allowed but gender identification is forbidden" (para 1-2). "Perpetrators can face fines and jail time. The report said Hu had been imprisoned for six months for past gender identification offenses" (para 7)
Dec. 27, 2012, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"Most of them, when refused by the hospital doctors to perform the abortion for sex selection reasons, went to a private clinic or to another city to perform it, or performed it at the hospital during the night shift, which offer higher secrecy for the staff" (82). "The legal situation in relation to abortion seems to be another contributing factor to the phenomenon of sex selection. First, its legalization in 1991 made abortion available to all women. Secondly, despite the fact this law permits abortion only until the 12th week of pregnancy (besides special situations) and almost all health professionals were aware of it, there seem to be no legal ...more
Dec. 14, 2012, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

“If the identity of the mother was discovered, police arrested and prosecuted her” (24)
Nov. 10, 2012, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

“Sex identification and sex-selective abortion (commonly referred to as the 'Two Nons') were prohibited under administrative law, but the practices continued because of traditional preference for male children and the birth limitation policy” (56). “The Law on the Protection of Juveniles forbids infanticide; however, there was evidence that the practice continued. According to the National Population and Family-planning Commission, a handful of doctors have been charged with infanticide under this law. Female infanticide, sex-selective abortions, and the abandonment and neglect of baby girls remained problems due to the traditional preference for sons and the coercive birth limitation policy” (57-58)
July 16, 2012, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"The law prohibits the use of physical coercion to compel persons to submit to abortion or sterilization. However, intense pressure to meet birth limitation targets set by government regulations resulted in instances of local birth-planning officials using physical coercion to meet government goals. Such practices required the use of birth-control methods (particularly intrauterine devices and female sterilization, which according to government statistics accounted for more than 80 percent of birth-control methods employed) and the abortion of certain pregnancies"(section 6).
Nov. 1, 2011, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"The government has enacted legislation intended to prevent parents from using ultrasound screenings or other technologies to decide whether to abort a girl. Yet despite such laws, the situation has not improved. Few medical practitioners who violated the law have been prosecuted, while regulation of private health care providers is very limited" (para 5)
Oct. 7, 2011, 11:02 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2, ISSA-LAW-1

"Though some countries like Vietnam prohibit foetal sex determination, Guilmoto [of the UN Population Fund] said such bans are difficult to enforce."
Sept. 23, 2011, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: ISSA-PRACTICE-2

"The government respected couples'rights to freely and responsibly decide the number of children they had, as well as when they had them"(Section 6).