The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-DATA-2

Aug. 30, 2020, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"The study showed the sex-at-birth ratio in Armenia to be skewed at 114 boys to 100 girls in 2012, while the accepted normal biological ratio is 102-106 boys to 100 girls. Whereas the normal sex-ratio at birth ranges from 102 to 106 males to 100 females, in 2011, the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly found that the rate stood at 112 to 100 in Armenia. A 2013 United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) report gave the figure of 114-115 to 100 for Armenia. It appears that the region of Gegharkunik has the most skewed sex ratio (up to 124 to 100)" (para 18).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

“India’s overall female-to-male ratio, it appears, has not improved much since 2001, when the last census was conducted. In May 2011, Lancet, a British Medical Journal indicated that over 12 million Indian girls were aborted in the womb over the last three decades in the country – resulting in a skewed child sex ratio of 914 girls for every 1000 boys, as opposed to 962 in 1981” (para 10). “Simply put, female foeticide has led to an increase in human trafficking. The relation is very easy to understand. When there is a continued campaign of killing girl children in the womb or within a few hours after they are born,...more
July 19, 2020, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"The percentage of women who reported symptoms of an STI in the 12 months preceding the survey increased from 7% in 2006 to 13% in 2011 and 15% in 2016. The percentage among men has remained relatively constant, at around 2% to 3%, since 2006. The proportion of women who have not sought treatment has not changed since 2011, while the proportion among men has decreased from 46% to 35%" (270-271).
July 3, 2020, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"11.1% of the population age 15-49 in Zambia are HIV positive. HIV prevalence is higher among women than men (14.2% versus 7.5%)" (260). "3.8% of young women and men age 15-24 are HIV positive. HIV prevalence is higher among young women than young men (5.6% versus 1.8%)" (263). "HIV prevalence is higher among women and men who reported having a sexually transmitted infection (STI) or symptoms of an STI in the past 12 months than among those who did not (21.2% versus 12.2%). Among HIV-positive women and men, 91% reported having ever been tested for HIV and having received the result of their most recent test. Fifty-six percent of HIV...more
May 31, 2020, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"Trends: HIV prevalence among women and men age 15-49 decreased between 2005-06 and 2015-16, from 0.28 percent, CI [0.23%-0.33%], to 0.24 percent, CI [0.21%-0.28%]. However, all of the decline is due to a decline in HIV prevalence among men. Among women, HIV prevalence remained almost unchanged (0.22%, CI [0.17%-0.27%], in 2005-06 and 0.23 percent, CI [0.20%-0.27%], in 2015-16). Among men, HIV prevalence decreased over the same period from 0.36 percent, CI [0.28%-0.43%], to 0.25 percent, CI [0.20%-0.30%]. The only one of these trends which represents a statistically significant change over time is the decrease in HIV prevalence among men age 15-49 (p<0.05)" (475).
Feb. 8, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"Among women, HIV prevalence is higher among those who reported first having sexual intercourse before age 16 (36%-37%) than those who first had sex at age 16 or older (27%-30%). Men who reported that they first had sexual intercourse at age 20 or older were more likely to be HIV positive (22%) than men who first had sexual intercourse at younger ages (12%-19%)" (227). "Among young women, HIV prevalence increases with age, rising steadily from 4% among those age 15-17 to 19% among those age 23-24. Among young men, HIV prevalence decreases from 5% among those age 15-17 to 2% among those age 20-22 before increasing slightly to 4% among...more
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"Indigenous populations also reported high instances of rape by members of outside groups, which contributed to HIV/AIDS infections and other health complications" (page 45).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-2, ISTD-DATA-3

"The results regarding the prevalence of HIV attained through the 2009 INSIDA indicates that 11.5% of Mozambican adults of 15–49 years of age are infected with HIV. These indicates also that women prevalence is higher than men’s (13.1 and 9.2% respectively). The prevalence by sex and age specifically shows that the prevalence for women and men grow with age till it reaches the peak, which it is between 25–29 for women (16.8%) and 35–39 (14.2%)" (23).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"Women in Cabo Verde have a lower HIV/AIDS prevalence rate than men (paragraph 34 of CCD). Data from the MoH shows that 409 new HIV positive cases were notified in 2014, 230 of which in women and 179 in men, and that HIV seropositivity is identified earlier among women: the large majority of new infections notified in 15–34-year olds are for women (113 women and 49 men) while for the following ages the tendency inverts (109 women and 129 men, for 34 year olds and above). HIV testing is offered to all pregnant women, for the PMTCT, and has enabled women to identify seropositivity early and access available support and...more
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-2

"[The Committee] remains concerned, however, at the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS among women and girls between 15 and 24 years of age, and that 50 per cent of new HIV infections occur in women and girls" (page 11).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"The Government does not collect data regarding drug use, but drug use related problems, including HIV and Hepatitis C infection rates, have increased in rural areas" (page 17-18).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"Between 2002 and 2012, the rate of chlamydial infection increased in every state and the District of Columbia (IWPR 2004; Table 6.1). Between 1996 and 2013, the national rate for women nearly doubled, increasing from 315.5 to 623.1 cases per 100,000 (Figure 6.3). During this time, the rate of chlamydial infection among men increased from 59.8 to 262.6 cases per 100,000 (Figure 6.3)" (206)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2, ISTD-DATA-3

"Between 2001 and 2012, the incidence of AIDS among adolescent and adult women aged 13 years and older decreased 47 percent nationally, from 9.1 per 100,000 to 4.8 per 100,000" (196)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"The Committee is concerned about the persistently high rates . . . HIV/AIDS prevalence among women in prostitution" (page 10).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"HIV infections have been trending upward. Between 1983, when the first case was recorded in Uruguay, and November 2012, there were 11,492 reported infections. Over the last four years, there have on average been 844 cases a year, and in 2011 the virus affected 28.5 of every 100,000 inhabitants. That phenomenon may be explained by slower development of full-blown AIDS thanks to improvements in therapeutic treatment and better observance thereof, and greater availability of testing. It is noteworthy that the infection is also affecting more women. Although currently 65.5 per cent of cases are among men and 34 per cent among women, since the middle of the 1990s the disparity...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

". . . high rate of mother-to-child transmission and the high number of new HIV infections among girls and boys, in particular in the context of sexual violence and unprotected teenage sexual relations" (page 12).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"The Committee notes with concern the disproportionately high number of women living with HIV/AIDS in the State party" (13).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-2, MMR-PRACTICE-1, ABO-LAW-1, ABO-DATA-1

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/NAM/CO/3, paras. 24 and 25) and commends the State party for its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and unsafe abortions, which have contributed to the increase in the maternal mortality ratio in the State party. The Committee is particularly concerned that, while abortion is permissible on prescribed grounds such as rape, incest, threat to the health and life of the pregnant woman and foetal malformation, pursuant to the Abortion and Sterilization Act of 1975, women still undergo complex and onerous administrative procedures to obtain approval for abortion. The...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-2, DSFMF-DATA-1

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to improve the health status of women, but notes with concern: . . . (d) The disproportionately high HIV prevalence among women and the prevalence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . (f) Increase efforts to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS among women as well as mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and ensure the availability of antiretroviral drugs for women living with HIV" (page 9-10).
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

The Malian Demographic and Health Surveys: EDSM-IV 2006 portrays the trajectory of women and men with HIV by gender and age, from 15-19 years the percentage for women was 0.6, 0.7 for men, and 0.6 total, from 20-24 years the percentage for women was 1.3, 0.8 for men, and 1.1 total, from 25-29 years the percentage for women was 2, 0.6 for men, and 1.5 total, from 30-34 years the percentage for women was 2.2, 2.2 for men, and 2.2 total, from 35-39 years the percentage for women was 2.2, 0.6 for men, and 1.5 total, from 40-44 years the percentage for women was 1.9, 1.9 for men, and 1.9...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

“Twenty-five percent of adults age 15-49 in Lesotho are infected with HIV. In both 2004 and 2009, the HIV prevalence rate for adults was slightly less—23%. The difference among the three surveys is not statistically significant, however” (235). “HIV incidence among women and men age 15-49 is 1.9 new infections per 100 person-years (PY) of exposure (confidence interval: 1.2-2.6)” (235). “A comparison of the 2004, 2009, and 2014 LDHS HIV prevalence estimates indicates that HIV prevalence has increased from 23% in 2004 and 2009 to 25% among adults age 15-49. Prevalence among women has increased from 26% in 2004 to 27% in 2009 to 30% in 2014, and prevalence among...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2, ISTD-DATA-3

“In Bangladesh, the first case of HIV was detected in 1989. In 2014, a total of 433 new cases of HIV infection, 251 new AIDS cases, and 91 deaths due to AIDS were reported” (175).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2, ISTD-DATA-3

“Surveillance results show that HIV prevalence has declined over the years, from 5.8 percent in 2001 to 4.6 percent in 2008 and 4.1 percent in 2010. In 2010, across the country’s states, HIV prevalence ranged from 1.0 percent in Kebbi to 12.6 percent in Benue” (223).
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

“From the estimated rate of 4 percent in 1992, HIV prevalence rose rapidly to 22 percent in 2002. The national prevalence showed a small decline to 20 percent in 2004 and remains at this level, according to the 2006 HIV Sentinel Surveillance Report (MoHSS, 2007)” (191).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:53 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

“From the estimated rate of 4 percent in 1992, HIV prevalence rose rapidly to 22 percent in 2002. The national prevalence showed a small decline to 20 percent in 2004 and remains at this level, according to the 2006 HIV Sentinel Surveillance Report (MoHSS, 2007)” (191).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:52 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

“From the estimated rate of 4 percent in 1992, HIV prevalence rose rapidly to 22 percent in 2002. The national prevalence showed a small decline to 20 percent in 2004 and remains at this level, according to the 2006 HIV Sentinel Surveillance Report (MoHSS, 2007)” (191).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:50 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

“Two percent of both women and men reported having had an STI in the 12 months preceding the survey. Six percent of women and 2 percent of men reported recently experiencing an STI or STI symptoms” (243).
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

“Looking at the age pattern, Table 14.3 shows that HIV prevalence is 5 percent among the population age 2-4 and declines gradually to 3 percent in the 10-14 age group. The prevalence among women age 15-19 is 10 percent compared with 2 percent among men in the same age. Prevalence rises sharply with age among women age 15 years and older, peaking at 49 percent among those in the 25-29 age group before falling to a level of 7 percent among those age 60 years and older. Among men age 15 years and older, the HIV rate rises more gradually with age to a peak at age 35-39 (45 percent),...more
July 19, 2016, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ISTD-DATA-2

"The prevalence of HIV and AIDS among women continues to be of concern because of the potential for transmission to their infants. Such transmissions have declined by 85% within the period under review, however, due to the Government’s Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programme, a total of 95% of pregnant women attending public antenatal clinics are tested. HIV positive mothers receive anti-viral drugs to prevent transmission to their babies." (41)
June 30, 2016, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: ISTD-DATA-1, ISTD-DATA-2, PW-DATA-1

"HIV prevalence is slightly higher among women in a non-polygynous union (3.3 percent) than among women in a polygynous union (1.3 percent) or not currently in union (2.7 percent). Among men, prevalence is also higher among those in a non-polygynous union (2.6 percent). Women are four times as likely as men to have HIV" (248)