The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the measures taken by the State party to improve women’s access to health-care services, such as the universal health coverage scheme, which have led to longer life expectancy, reduced rates of HIV infection and the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Women and men had equal access to diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of government discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS; however, there was a strong societal stigma attached to HIV/AIDS infection that prevented some individuals from seeking HIV/AIDS-related services. A survey in two provinces indicated up to 11.5 percent of respondents were physically assaulted for their HIV/AIDs status and 31 percent stated they were denied health services at least once" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Most health-care facilities that provided HIV-related services did so without significant stigma or discrimination, but there were reported incidents of hampered access for persons with HIV to education and health care, especially surgical and dental care, and treatment for pregnant women" (39).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The widespread belief that children were unlikely to be HIV-positive and that sexual intercourse with virgins could cleanse an individual of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, contributed to the widespread sexual exploitation of minors" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Research conducted in 2012 for the Persons Living with HIV Stigma Index found that stigma forced 14 percent of survey respondents to change their residence, 41 percent were the target of gossip, 27 percent experienced verbal insult, and 5 percent reported physical assault because of their HIV status. Women experienced higher frequencies of stigma than did men for almost all events. Another 18 percent reported they lost a job or income due to stigma against HIV/AIDS" (25).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The health care system provided anonymous counseling and testing for HIV, free adult and pediatric antiretroviral therapy, and support groups. Authorities paid insufficient attention to the specific needs of women and children, particularly in the areas of medical treatment, psychosocial support, and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission" (46).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"On April 17, a decision by the Ministry of Health abolished a health regulation that allowed authorities to publish identification details of women suspected of prostitution and detain and force them to undergo HIV tests, after a committee of health experts deemed that it unfairly stigmatized members of vulnerable social groups" (31).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"approximately 60.7 percent of black women in the United States report having been screened, compared with 50.8 percent of Hispanic women, 45.0 percent of Native American women, 33.3 percent of Asian/Pacific Islander women, 32.5 percent of white women, and 51.3 percent of women who identify as multiracial or with another racial group (Table 6.3)" (206)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the persistently high rates of maternal mortality, fertility, early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting demand for obstetric fistula services, HIV/AIDS prevalence among women in prostitution and acute malnutrition affecting women" (page 10).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV" (page 12).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In all the health centres at the primary level of health protection, counselling centres have been formed, or support centres for all the users of health protection, including women (counselling for HIV/AIDS, reproductive and sexual health and other centres as prevention and protection of women’s health). Through educational campaigns, the media and enhanced counselling service by public health institutions in Montenegro, full contribution is given to the importance of preventive measures, both for the use of contraceptives in family planning and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS" (page 30). "In March and April 2014, NGO Centre for Roma Initiatives and Women RE Network 'First' organized 12 educational sessions on...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro

“The use of modern forms of contraception and awareness of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV is very low, including among women and girls from the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities” (11)
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2012 a project has been under way that seeks social inclusion and universal access to HIV-AIDS prevention and comprehensive care for the most vulnerable populations in Uruguay; the project is approved by and agreed with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. It targets transvestites, transgendered persons and transsexuals, including sex workers, and men who have sex with men, and extends also to the prison population. Women living with HIV are not part of its target group. The actions proposed in the project will make for a stronger SNIS, deepening its comprehensive approach and improved response to the HIV epidemic in Uruguay; appropriate health services are expected...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

" . . . the adoption of the following: (a) HIV/AIDS (Prevention and Management) Act (Zanzibar, 2013) and HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act (mainland, 2008)" (page 1-2). "The Committee notes the prevention, testing and treatment efforts undertaken by the State party, the efforts in Zanzibar to impart skills relating to reproductive health and HIV to young persons and to offer youth-friendly services, and the national guidelines for HIV testing and counselling adopted in 2013. The Committee remains concerned, however, at: . . . (c) The criminalization of the transmission of HIV and the forced disclosure of HIV status to sexual partners under the HIV and AIDS (Prevention and...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Screening for HIV is a well-established part of maternity care and all pregnant women are offered screening for HIV in pregnancy as part of the first antenatal blood tests. Very few pregnant women (around one woman per year) are identified through screening; however, the universal offer is still important as testing is the only way to know if women have HIV. For those women who are found to be HIV positive, early detection leads to early treatment for the woman and enables implementation of preventative measures that reduce the chance of mother-child transmission during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding" (page 25). "HIV antenatal screening must comply with the Code of Health...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern: . . . (c) That, despite the increasing HIV infection rates, the State party lacks epidemiological data on groups who are particularly at risk for HIV/AIDS, and lacks counselling centres for HIV and sexually transmitted infections, which constitutes a significant barrier in combating the pandemic" (page 15).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Persons with HIV/AIDS faced significant legal discrimination, informal stigmabased barriers, and employment discrimination (see section 7.d.); and were prohibited from adopting children. In addition those who were intravenous drug users in particular faced informal barriers to accessing antiretroviral treatment. Regional AIDS centers often demanded that drug users complete drug addiction treatment, which was severely lacking or nonexistent in most areas, before starting antiretroviral treatment. According to NGO activists, men who have sex with men were discouraged from seeking antiretroviral treatment, since treatment exposes the fact that these individuals have the virus, while sex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies. Economic...more
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The limited use of modern forms of contraception by women and girls, the fact that the State party has one of the highest HIV rates in the world, disproportionately affecting women and girls, especially women in prostitution, and the prevalence of malaria" (12-13).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The HIV/AIDS Decree guarantees the right to confidentiality of test results, the right to voluntary informed consent before a test is conducted, and criminalises any official publication of test results which are not conducted in accordance with the Decree. The Decree introduces a rights based approach to HIV/AIDS. The Ministry of Health has developed the Strategic Plan for the Republic of Fiji on HIV and STIs (2012-15) after numerous consultations with all stakeholders and reflects 4 priority areas. The Ministry prepares annual work plans to ensure implementation of the strategic plan" (26).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned...That the budget for women living with HIV has been significantly reduced" (10).
April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Operational targets that were to have been achieved by the end of 2015: . . . To increase provision of services that will prevent HIV transmission from mother to child in at least 80% of pregnant women, their babies, and their families" (page 6-7).
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Condom use during premarital sex is not that high in Tanzania; only 37% of women and 41% of men reported that they used a condom the last time they had sex. Among unmarried young women, use of a condom at the last sexual intercourse was the highest among adolescents age 18. Older unmarried young men (age 20-24) were more likely to use a condom at their last sexual intercourse than younger unmarried men (age 15-19). Condom use and premarital sex are higher among young men and women in urban areas than in rural areas" (page 90).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In view of the vulnerability of women and children, the Government has intensified its efforts in this area. Women and children infected with HIV/AIDS receive a treatment allowance. PMTCT services regarding HIV/AIDS are free, including screening, prophylaxis and antiretroviral treatment. Given the social norms that aggravate women’s vulnerability to infection with HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), the Government continues to promote awareness-raising activities on women’s rights in general and reproductive health rights in particular. Counselling centres have been established throughout the country in order to raise, among adolescents and other young persons, awareness of high-risk types of behaviour (alcoholism, smoking, drug addiction and unsafe sex)" (31).more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s measures to provide early diagnosis and care to pregnant girls and women living with HIV. The Committee is, however, concerned about the absence of a general policy of equal access to preventive care and treatment for all women living with HIV and of a strategy to promote age appropriate education on reproductive and sexual health for young persons. It is also concerned at the persistence of stigma and discrimination against women living with HIV, including pregnant women, and the fact that men’s role as active transmitters of HIV is rarely addressed. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure equal access for men and...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There are awareness raising radio spots on health in general, and reproductive health and family planning in particular, targeting women and men together. This has brought results in terms of knowledge about sterility or the transmission of HIV/AIDS which in the popular imagination were traditionally blamed on women" (14). "With UNFPA support, starting in 2008, the National Reproductive Health Programme has adopted an approach aimed at improving user-friendly services for young people and adolescents (girls and boys) in 10 “Friends of Young People” public health centres, as well as for a for young people established by ABUBEF since 2004 through its branches in seven provinces. These centres provide HIV screening...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/NAM/CO/3, paras. 24 and 25) and commends the State party for its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and unsafe abortions, which have contributed to the increase in the maternal mortality ratio in the State party. The Committee is particularly concerned that, while abortion is permissible on prescribed grounds such as rape, incest, threat to the health and life of the pregnant woman and foetal malformation, pursuant to the Abortion and Sterilization Act of 1975, women still undergo complex and onerous administrative procedures to obtain approval for abortion. The...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to improve the health status of women, but notes with concern: . . . (d) The disproportionately high HIV prevalence among women and the prevalence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . (f) Increase efforts to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS among women as well as mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and ensure the availability of antiretroviral drugs for women living with HIV" (page 9-10).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"The Committee welcomes the numerous measures taken by the State party to address maternal mortality and expand universal health coverage, but remains concerned about: (a) The persistently high rates of maternal mortality, the limited health infrastructure for pregnant women, the insufficient number of skilled personnel attending births and women’s limited access to essential obstetric care; (b) The lack of comprehensive education on sexual and reproductive health and rights and family planning services, and the limited access to modern contraceptives; (c) The criminalization of abortion (art. 305 of the Penal Code); the restrictive conditions under which abortion is available under the code of professional conduct (i.e. only in cases of threats...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following...(d) National strategic framework to combat HIV/AIDS for 2008-2017, including effective means of addressing the concerns of women and girls" (2).