The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2014, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, the ministry responsible for youth development has conducted health awareness and service activities in about a hundred departments each year. These services for adolescents and young people from 10 to 24 years of age focus on sex education, condom distribution and HIV testing. In 2014, 207,235 young people received awareness training, including 84,557 girls" (34). "Care focuses on palliative and physical care and spiritual, psychosocial and nutritional support for all patients, regardless of sex. Antiretroviral drugs in Côte d’Ivoire are available free of charge to eligible persons, both men and women. For pregnant women, an initial pre-care assessment is systematically conducted...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that the State party intends to review the use and application of criminal norms to certain HIV/AIDS issues. This review will include the troubling application of harsh criminal sanctions (aggravated sexual assault) to women for not disclosing their HIV status to sexual partners, even when the transmission is not intentional, when there is no transmission or when the risk of transmission is minimal" (15).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Despite government programs to treat and provide financial and other assistance to persons with HIV/AIDS, international news sources and organizations reported that individuals known to be infected with HIV/AIDS faced widespread societal discrimination. Individuals with HIV/AIDS, for example, continued to be denied employment as teachers" (43).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia

"According to NGO activists, men who have sex with men were discouraged from seeking antiretroviral treatment, since treatment exposed the fact that these individuals had the virus, while sex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies" (57).
March 29, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against persons with HIV remained a problem, impacting individuals’ employment (see section 7.d.), educational, and housing opportunites and impeding access to health care. The law allowed employers and schools to bar persons with infectious diseases and did not afford specific protections based on HIV status. During the year state media reported instances of persons with HIV/AIDS who were barred from housing, education, or employment due to their HIV status. While in the past, persons with HIV/AIDS were routinely denied admission to hospitals, discrimination was less overt, and some hospitals gave questionable excuses for not being able to treat them. Hospitals expressed fears that, should the general population find out...more
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The government and NGOs continued efforts to abolish such practices by raising awareness concerning the inherent dangers of such behavior [widow inheritance and cleansing], including the risk of HIV/AIDS transmission" (para 86). "The widespread belief that children were unlikely to be HIV-positive and that sexual intercourse with virgins could cleanse an individual of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, contributed to the widespread sexual exploitation of minors" (para 102).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The most recent demographic and health survey in 2013 found no measurable change since 2007 in popular attitudes, which remained broadly discriminatory, toward those with HIV. HIV-related social stigma and discrimination discouraged persons from testing for their HIV status, thus limiting HIV prevention and treatment services. Children orphaned because of AIDS faced similar social stigma" (30). "Government ministries developed, adopted, and implemented several strategic plans to combat social stigma and discrimination based on HIV status. The Ministry of Labor continued to promote a supportive environment for persons with HIV. The Ministry of Education continued implementation of its strategic plan to destigmatize and safeguard HIV-positive persons against discrimination in its recruitment,...more
March 22, 2019, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The HPV vaccination has been introduced for free to girls of a certain age group through the School Health Services. Those eligible for the programme are girls attending public and private schools who were born between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2004. The programme is complemented by a series of lectures on topics related to reproductive issues, contraception and information on HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases" (29). I am including this here because HPV is an STI (CEM - CODER COMMENT).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Female victims subjected to sexual violence lacked access to immediate health care. Consequences included severe physical injuries, psychosocial trauma, unwanted pregnancies, social stigmatization, and infection with sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS. The destruction of hospitals further complicated access to health care" (para 192).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law protects the right to confidentiality of persons with HIV/AIDS and prohibits discrimination against them. However, observers claimed persons with HIV/AIDS continued to suffer from societal discrimination and social stigma" (23).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Persons with HIV/AIDS faced discrimination and had limited treatment options. A 2016 Afrobarometer poll reported that 60 percent of citizens would not welcome an HIV positive individual as their neighbor. The Joint UN Program on HIV/AIDS reported that some health-care providers were reluctant to treat persons with HIV/AIDS due to fear of infection. There were 16 HIV/AIDS treatment centers countrywide and domestic NGOs focused on treating HIV/AIDS patients" (page 32).
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"With respect to women living with HIV, through participation by various sectors in the national response to sexually transmitted infections and HIV, a national consultation took place to develop conception and contraception contents designed to highlight these women’s sexual and reproductive rights. The result of the above is a preliminary document proposing adjustments to Decree No. 1543/1997, which provides that women and men with HIV are not to be subject to compulsory sterilization" (33).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"115). A road map has been drawn up based on the WHO/UNAIDS strategy, and was approved by Ministry of Health order No. 164 on the implementation of measures to prevent HIV infections for the period 2017–2020, of 14 April 2017. Kazakhstan has made some progress in preventing mother-to-child transmission. Antiretroviral therapy coverage was 80.6 per cent in 2016. In order to evaluate the effectiveness and quality of the treatment provided, laboratory monitoring is carried out of the viral load of HIV patients. The coverage of preventive treatment of HIV-infected pregnant women in 2016 was 97.4 per cent, and of children born to them, 99.5 per cent. There has been a...more
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Persons infected with HIV/AIDS were often isolated due to societal taboos and prejudice associated with the disease" (page 24).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There were no confirmed reports of discrimination or violence against persons with HIV/AIDS, but there was reportedly serious societal stigma against persons with AIDS" (30).
March 1, 2019, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Only 53% of women age 15-49 have heard of HIV or AIDS, a decrease from 62% in the 2012 TjDHS. 15% of women have comprehensive knowledge about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention. . . 29% of women know where to get an HIV test, and 19% have ever been tested for HIV and have received the results. . . Very few (12%) women age 15-24 have comprehensive knowledge about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention. . . Knowledge of HIV or AIDS among women in Tajikistan continues to be low. Only about half of women age 15-49 (53%) are aware of HIV or AIDS (Table 13.1). Overall,...more
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Societal discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS occurred. The government did not implement campaigns to increase awareness of the condition or reduce discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS" (page 26).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In the most recent (2009) demographic and health survey, 20.6 percent of women and 31.2 percent of men reported having discriminatory attitudes towards persons with HIV (see Reproductive Rights)" (Pg 23-24).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty percent of women age 15-49 and 38% of men age 15-49 have comprehensive knowledge about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention" (219). "Forty-nine percent of women and 69% of men know that consistent condom use and having sex with only one uninfected partner can reduce the risk of HIV infection; 58% of women and 77% of men know that using condom during sexual intercourse can reduce the risk of HIV. In addition, 69% of women and 81% of men identified limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner with no other partners can reduce the risk of HIV (Table 12.1)" (220). "The percentage of respondents who know that using...more
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"It is also concerned about: (…) e) The insufficient information on measures to prevent sexually transmitted infections" (13). "The Committee welcomes the national strategic plan in response to HIV and AIDS in Honduras, covering the period 2015-2019. Nevertheless, it remains concerned about the high rate of HIV infection among women, and the fact that existing laws and policies to combat HIV/AIDS lack a gender perspective. The Committee is equally concerned about the persisting stigmatization of persons living with HIV/AIDS, which mostly affects women, in particular pregnant women, women in prostitution and women of African descent" (13). "The Committee recommends that the State party: a) Ensure equal access for women and...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Lao Government has also related gender equality to solving HIV/AIDS problems by integrating into the National Strategic and Action Plan for HIV/AIDS/STI Control and Prevention 2011-2015 incorporating principles of respect for human rights of the HIV positive persons and prohibiting any discrimination including due to gender, illness, sexual behaviour or sexual identity. The Lao PDR has made progress in the areas of eliminating stigmatization and discrimination against the infected while also adopting the Law on HIV/AIDS Control and Prevention, which provides for the rights of people in the risk groups and pays attention to disseminating information on HIV/AIDS in society. In 2014, the Centre of HIV/AIDS/STI reported that between...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia

"The government provided essential health care for women, including skilled attendants during childbirth and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, although some rural women did not have access to these services" (page 17).
Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In a country where one in 10 people is infected with HIV, these rites of passage - which rarely involve the use condoms - can sentence girls to a lifetime of trauma, and an early death" (para 19). "Mary Waya, a former child abuse victim turned international netball star and now coach for Malawi's national team, nicknamed 'The Queens', says greater awareness of HIV is eroding this tradition [of cleansing]" (para 22). "Still, 'in the village, you find some of the chiefs agree to do this cleansing', she says. There is also the local belief that sick men can cure themselves by having sex with virgins" (para 23).more
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV by providing access to antiretroviral treatment" (page 11).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Human rights organizations complained the media and medical professionals often did not respect the privacy of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Many persons with HIV/AIDS reported discrimination in access to employment, housing, public services, benefits, and health care. The Positive Life Foundation noted that the country lacked laws protecting persons with HIV/AIDS from discrimination and that there were legal obstacles to anonymous HIV testing" (page 68).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"2015 Survey by Adolescent Reproductive Health Zone (ARHZ). Survey areas: Mong Hsu, LaiKha, and Keng Tong, Mong Phyat, Mong Pyin and Tachilek Townships in Shan State + Demawso, Loikaw, Pruso Townships in Karenni/ Kayah State. Ethnicity: Lahu, Ahka, Wa, Shan, Karenni/Kayah and Kachin. Number of respondents: 300 respondents. Age range: 14 to 30 years old. Findings: 10 % have a basic understanding about reproductive health. 20% are aware of the concept of family planning & how it applied to their lives. 10% know how to protect themselves from STDs and STIs. Less than 10% know how to handle an unexpected pregnancy. 10% know how and where to get service and...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"E}nsure the proper implementation of the Mexican Official Standard NOM-046-SSA2-2005, particularly access of women victims of rape to emergency contraception, abortion and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS" (10).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Other reported abuses included: . . . discrimination against those with HIV/AIDS" (page 1). "Women and men received equal treatment for sexually transmitted infections" (page 29). "According to representatives of international and local organizations, negative social attitudes towards members of marginalized groups, including LGBTI persons, impeded the willingness of the latter to come forward, organize, or seek access to HIV/AIDS programs . . . The law prohibits discrimination against persons with HIV and AIDS. Observers reported cultural stigma against drug users and other at-risk groups resulted in societal discrimination that continued to affect access to information, services, treatment, and care. The National Center for AIDS provides free diagnostic and treatment...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Other major human rights problems included: . . . discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS" (page 1). "The government and NGOs conducted HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns to increase social acceptance of persons with HIV or AIDS. Nevertheless, human rights activists reported HIV-positive individuals including those with AIDS suffered from social stigma due to the widespread belief such status indicated homosexuality. HIV-positive men sometimes refrained from taking antiretroviral drugs due to fear their families would discover their sexual orientation. The law prohibits all forms of discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS. The law also allows medical doctors to inform spouses of persons with HIV/AIDS of their partners’ status if the latter fail to do...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Table on page xix, 'Indicators for following-up with the millennium development goals disaggregated by gender,' indicates that the percentage of the population ages 15-24 with a "thorough" understanding and awareness of HIV/aids is, in Moroni, 34.1% of women, 40.8% of men, and 37.4% overall; in other cities, 39.1% of women, 38.3% of men, and 19.4% overall; in all urban areas, 23.7% of women, 26.5% of men, and 24.6% overall; in rural areas, 17.1% of women, 22.3% of men, and 18.3% overall; in the nation as a whole, 19.1% of women, 23.9% of men, for 20.4% overall (page xix). "Although nearly all of those surveyed reported having heard of HIV/AIDS, just...more