The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on HIV status, but social stigma continued. The 2013-14 DHS captured a proxy indicator measuring the level of tolerance of respondents towards an HIV-positive person (either family member, businessperson, or teacher) and the necessity of hiding the HIV-positive status of a family member. A total of 72 percent of respondents said they were ready to take care of an HIV-positive parent, but only 47 expressed willingness to purchase produce from a HIV-positive seller. A total of 49 percent of respondents would accept having an HIV-positive teacher teach their children, and 26 percent said it would not be necessary to hide the HIV status of a...more
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Health’s HIV/AIDS program worked to fight stigma and discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS" (47).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides individuals with HIV/AIDS the same rights as other persons and requires the government to provide information, education, and access to tests and treatment for HIV/AIDS, but officials did not always do so. According to the Chadian Women Lawyers’ Association, women sometimes were accused of passing HIV to their husbands and were threatened by family members with judicial action or banishment" (page 19).
July 23, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty-four percent of ever-married women and 58% of ever-married men age 15-49 have heard about HIV/AIDS" (215). "Twelve percent of ever- married women and 38% of ever-married men know that using condoms is a way to prevent HIV transmission (Table 13.3). Fourteen percent of ever-married women and 47% of ever-married men recognize that they can reduce the risk of getting HIV by limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner (Table 13.3). Only 9% of women and 33% of men know both prevention methods (Table 13.3)" (216). "Comprehensive knowledge of HIV is a composite measure that indicates that a person knows that condom use and limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected...more
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Reports of discrimination by health personnel against women with disabilities and women living with HIV/AIDS" (11).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Many persons with HIV/AIDS reported discrimination in access to employment, housing, public services, benefits, and health care. The Positive Living Association noted the country lacked laws protecting persons with HIV/AIDS from discrimination and that there were legal obstacles to anonymous HIV testing. Due to pervasive social stigma against those infected by HIV/AIDS, many individuals feared that the results of tests for HIV would be used against them and avoided testing" (page 59).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Societal discrimination and stigma against persons with HIV remained common, according to NGOs. NGOs stated LGBTI persons, persons who injected drugs, and women from disadvantaged groups faced higher levels of discrimination. In the 2016 NDHS, 40 percent of women and 33 percent of men reported discriminatory attitudes towards persons with HIV" (Pg 35).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Some social stigma remained for persons with HIV/AIDS despite intensive educational efforts by the government and NGOs. There were reports some employers refused to hire persons who tested positive for HIV" (page 34).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The percentage of pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS on anti-retroviral treatment (ART/V) increased from only 27 per cent in 2008 to 67.7 per cent in 2013 to 83.3 per cent in 2015. The mother-to-child transmission rate of HIV infection declined from 13 per cent in 2013 to 6.2 per cent in 2015. The percentage of pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS decreased to 0.28 per cent in 2014 from 2.9 per cent in 1998" (26-27).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"According to the commissioner for protection of equality’s 2016 annual report, there was significant prejudice towards persons with HIV/AIDS" (page 30).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia

"Domestic violence against women was a serious problem, and spousal abuse was widespread. According to a May 26 Afro Barometer survey on the prevalence of GBV, 90 percent of persons with no formal education approved of wife beating. The NGO Women in Law in South Africa (WLSA) observed that customary marriage values taught women sexual intercourse was a man’s right and discouraged reporting spousal rape. The WLSA also observed that women who revealed sexual violations to authorities often faced societal stigma, which in turn diminished future reporting. Customary laws in certain chiefdoms allowed for spousal battery. In addition fear of violence, abandonment, and divorce discouraged women from seeking HIV care...more
July 8, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Just under half of women (48%) and men (49%) have 'comprehensive knowledge' about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention" (247). "About 9 in 10 women (88%) and 8 in 10 men (79%) know that HIV can be transmitted through breastfeeding. More than 8 in 10 women (84%) and 7 in 10 men (72%) know that the risk of mother-to-child transmission is reduced by the mother taking special drugs during pregnancy" (247). "More than 99% of men and women age 15-49 interviewed in the 2016 UDHS had heard of HIV or AIDS (Table 13.1)" (248). "Nearly 9 in 10 women (87%) and men (88%) age 15-49 know that using condoms...more
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi

"The persistently high ratios of maternal and infant mortality, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among women in prostitution and in rural areas, and acute malnutrition affecting women" (12).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS, and the government and NGOs conducted HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns to increase social acceptance of persons with HIV or AIDS. Nevertheless, human rights activists reported HIV-positive individuals and those with AIDS suffered from social stigma due to the widespread belief that such status indicated homosexuality. HIV-positive men sometimes refrained from taking antiretroviral drugs due to fear their families would discover their sexual orientation" (page 21).
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan

"Women were increasingly vulnerable to HIV infection because of social taboos on discussion of sex education topics and popular sentiment against the use of condoms. Women remained a minority of those infected with HIV, although their incidence of infection was increasing. The government’s National Center on HIV, under the Ministry of Health, detected 580 cases of HIV infection during the first half of the year, of which 370 were male and 214 were female. There were 7,142 officially registered cases of HIV in the country, 4,953 of which involved men and 2,189 involved women" (Pg 26).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS. The Albanian Association of People Living with HIV/AIDS reported that discrimination and stigmatization of persons with HIV/AIDS was widespread in the country" (page 22).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Testing for pregnancy and HIV in hiring procedures and women being exposed to inadequate working conditions, mainly in the maquila industry" (10). "Women in prostitution, women with disabilities, lesbian, bisexual and transsexual women and intersex persons and women living with HIV/AIDS facing difficulties in gaining access to health services and facing discrimination and mistreatment by health-care personnel" (11).
June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Increasing prevalence of HIV/AIDS among women, despite the decreasing rates in the overall population" (12).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman

"The government recognized the right of married couples to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; to manage their reproductive health; and to have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. Health clinics freely disseminated information on family planning under the guidance of the Ministry of Health. Some forms of birth control, including condoms, were available at pharmacies and supermarkets, although doctor-prescribed birth control medication was generally not available for unmarried women. The government provided free childbirth services to citizens within the framework of universal health care. Prenatal and postnatal care was readily available and used. Men and women received...more
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against persons with HIV remained a problem, impacting individuals’ employment, educational, and housing opportunities and impeding access to health care. The law allows employers and schools to bar persons with infectious diseases and does not afford specific protections based on HIV status. During the year state media outlets reported instances of persons with HIV/AIDS who were barred from housing, education, or employment due to their HIV status" (66).
June 11, 2019, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment based on HIV/AIDS status. Children with HIV/AIDS also faced discrimination, and authorities often did not tell teachers that a child was HIV positive due to fear of verbal abuse from both educators and peers. The government maintained a home for orphaned children infected with HIV/AIDS" (15).
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Forty-two percent of women and 48% of men have comprehensive knowledge about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention; this is only a slight increase from 2010. Seventy-six percent of women and 72% of men know that HIV can be transmitted during pregnancy, 81% of women and 82% of men know that HIV can be transmitted during labour, and 87% of women and 88% of men know that HIV can be transmitted during breastfeeding... The vast majority of women (95%) and men (96%) know where to obtain an HIV test, but women are more likely than men to have ever been tested for HIV (83% versus 70%). However, in 12...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Within the context of high HIV and AIDS prevalence among women, for example, priority was given to the reduction of transmission of HIV and AIDS to women, which occur during the widow’s purification ceremonies, through sensitization of community leaders and traditional healers and the community about the risks posed by unprotected sexual activities. These sensitization activities also covered cases whereby women are forced to have sexual intercourse with the partner on her return from long or short term travelling. The work with traditional healers and midwives comprise questions related to transmission of HIV and AIDS during the treatment and/or patient care" (14-15). "The Government has been increasing its efforts to...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"HIV/AIDS was a largely taboo subject. Lack of public awareness remained a problem, because many citizens believed the disease exclusively affected foreigners and members of the LGBTI community. Society stigmatized HIV/AIDS-positive individuals, and they largely hid their medical status. The government continued its efforts to inform the public about the disease and eliminate negative attitudes about persons with HIV/AIDS, but it also continued to test all foreigners annually for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, syphilis, malaria, and tuberculosis. The government deported individuals who tested HIV-positive" (37).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In the context of HIV/AIDS projects, NGO such as MORABI, VERDEFAM and Red Cross work with sex workers since 2008. Their prevention and care activities on STI/HIV/AIDS are complemented by income generating activities, enabling them to achieve some reintegration of women and men from prostitution" (16). "The basic Package of Essential Health Services that are provided free of charge include reproductive health services for both women and men, care of infectious/transmissible diseases (HIV/AIDS, STI, Tuberculosis, among others), integrated attention to child illnesses (AIDI), among other services/care" (25). "HIV testing is offered to all pregnant women, for the PMTCT, and has enabled women to identify seropositivity early and access available support...more
June 5, 2019, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported that social stigma caused individuals to avoid testing and treatment for HIV/AIDS" (40)
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Awareness of AIDS is very widespread in Armenia; 89 percent of women and 88 percent of men age 15-49 have heard of HIV or AIDS. Nevertheless, comprehensive knowledge about HIV is low: only 25 percent of women and 21 percent of men know that use of condoms and having just one uninfected faithful partner can reduce the chances of getting HIV, know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, and reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission. About half of women and men age 15-49 know that HIV can be transmitted from a mother to her child by breastfeeding; about onequarter of women and one-fifth of men...more
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"(d) The absence of substitution therapy programmes for women who use drugs, which also contributes to the spread of HIV/AIDS; (e) The steady increase in the proportion of women among early-stage HIV patients" (10).
May 16, 2019, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Congo

"As soon as there is a case of rape that happens in the villages, the women come to us… We take them first for medical care and then to the judicial system because in the first 72 hours we want women to be treated so that they won’t become pregnant and to prevent AIDS. We have a clinic that offers all the services to women in the same place. More than 900 people [come to the clinic] a month and in the 900 people who come, 5 percent are victims of sexual violence." (para 6).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Only 25% of women age 15-49 have comprehensive knowledge about HIV (Table 12.3). The two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission in the Philippines are that HIV can be transmitted by mosquito bites and that a person can become infected by sharing food with a person who has HIV" (174). "Only 1 in 5 women age 15-24 (20%) have comprehensive knowledge of HIV (defined as knowing that consistent use of condoms during sexual intercourse and having just one uninfected faithful partner can reduce the chance of getting HIV, knowing that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, and rejecting the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission) (Table 12.8)"...more