The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Societal discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS occurred. The government did not implement campaigns to increase awareness of the condition or reduce discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS" (page 26).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In the most recent (2009) demographic and health survey, 20.6 percent of women and 31.2 percent of men reported having discriminatory attitudes towards persons with HIV (see Reproductive Rights)" (Pg 23-24).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty percent of women age 15-49 and 38% of men age 15-49 have comprehensive knowledge about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention" (219). "Forty-nine percent of women and 69% of men know that consistent condom use and having sex with only one uninfected partner can reduce the risk of HIV infection; 58% of women and 77% of men know that using condom during sexual intercourse can reduce the risk of HIV. In addition, 69% of women and 81% of men identified limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner with no other partners can reduce the risk of HIV (Table 12.1)" (220). "The percentage of respondents who know that using...more
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"It is also concerned about: (…) e) The insufficient information on measures to prevent sexually transmitted infections" (13). "The Committee welcomes the national strategic plan in response to HIV and AIDS in Honduras, covering the period 2015-2019. Nevertheless, it remains concerned about the high rate of HIV infection among women, and the fact that existing laws and policies to combat HIV/AIDS lack a gender perspective. The Committee is equally concerned about the persisting stigmatization of persons living with HIV/AIDS, which mostly affects women, in particular pregnant women, women in prostitution and women of African descent" (13). "The Committee recommends that the State party: a) Ensure equal access for women and...more
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Lao Government has also related gender equality to solving HIV/AIDS problems by integrating into the National Strategic and Action Plan for HIV/AIDS/STI Control and Prevention 2011-2015 incorporating principles of respect for human rights of the HIV positive persons and prohibiting any discrimination including due to gender, illness, sexual behaviour or sexual identity. The Lao PDR has made progress in the areas of eliminating stigmatization and discrimination against the infected while also adopting the Law on HIV/AIDS Control and Prevention, which provides for the rights of people in the risk groups and pays attention to disseminating information on HIV/AIDS in society. In 2014, the Centre of HIV/AIDS/STI reported that between...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-1, ISTD-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, CRPLB-PRACTICE-1

"The government provided essential health care for women, including skilled attendants during childbirth and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, although some rural women did not have access to these services" (page 17).
Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In a country where one in 10 people is infected with HIV, these rites of passage - which rarely involve the use condoms - can sentence girls to a lifetime of trauma, and an early death" (para 19). "Mary Waya, a former child abuse victim turned international netball star and now coach for Malawi's national team, nicknamed 'The Queens', says greater awareness of HIV is eroding this tradition [of cleansing]" (para 22). "Still, 'in the village, you find some of the chiefs agree to do this cleansing', she says. There is also the local belief that sick men can cure themselves by having sex with virgins" (para 23).more
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV by providing access to antiretroviral treatment" (page 11).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Human rights organizations complained the media and medical professionals often did not respect the privacy of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Many persons with HIV/AIDS reported discrimination in access to employment, housing, public services, benefits, and health care. The Positive Life Foundation noted that the country lacked laws protecting persons with HIV/AIDS from discrimination and that there were legal obstacles to anonymous HIV testing" (page 68).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"2015 Survey by Adolescent Reproductive Health Zone (ARHZ). Survey areas: Mong Hsu, LaiKha, and Keng Tong, Mong Phyat, Mong Pyin and Tachilek Townships in Shan State + Demawso, Loikaw, Pruso Townships in Karenni/ Kayah State. Ethnicity: Lahu, Ahka, Wa, Shan, Karenni/Kayah and Kachin. Number of respondents: 300 respondents. Age range: 14 to 30 years old. Findings: 10 % have a basic understanding about reproductive health. 20% are aware of the concept of family planning & how it applied to their lives. 10% know how to protect themselves from STDs and STIs. Less than 10% know how to handle an unexpected pregnancy. 10% know how and where to get service and...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"E}nsure the proper implementation of the Mexican Official Standard NOM-046-SSA2-2005, particularly access of women victims of rape to emergency contraception, abortion and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS" (10).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Other reported abuses included: . . . discrimination against those with HIV/AIDS" (page 1). "Women and men received equal treatment for sexually transmitted infections" (page 29). "According to representatives of international and local organizations, negative social attitudes towards members of marginalized groups, including LGBTI persons, impeded the willingness of the latter to come forward, organize, or seek access to HIV/AIDS programs . . . The law prohibits discrimination against persons with HIV and AIDS. Observers reported cultural stigma against drug users and other at-risk groups resulted in societal discrimination that continued to affect access to information, services, treatment, and care. The National Center for AIDS provides free diagnostic and treatment...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Other major human rights problems included: . . . discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS" (page 1). "The government and NGOs conducted HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns to increase social acceptance of persons with HIV or AIDS. Nevertheless, human rights activists reported HIV-positive individuals including those with AIDS suffered from social stigma due to the widespread belief such status indicated homosexuality. HIV-positive men sometimes refrained from taking antiretroviral drugs due to fear their families would discover their sexual orientation. The law prohibits all forms of discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS. The law also allows medical doctors to inform spouses of persons with HIV/AIDS of their partners’ status if the latter fail to do...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Table on page xix, 'Indicators for following-up with the millennium development goals disaggregated by gender,' indicates that the percentage of the population ages 15-24 with a "thorough" understanding and awareness of HIV/aids is, in Moroni, 34.1% of women, 40.8% of men, and 37.4% overall; in other cities, 39.1% of women, 38.3% of men, and 19.4% overall; in all urban areas, 23.7% of women, 26.5% of men, and 24.6% overall; in rural areas, 17.1% of women, 22.3% of men, and 18.3% overall; in the nation as a whole, 19.1% of women, 23.9% of men, for 20.4% overall (page xix). "Although nearly all of those surveyed reported having heard of HIV/AIDS, just...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Stigma and discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS were pervasive. The government, however, encouraged tolerance, took steps to prevent new infections, and provided free antiretroviral drugs, although with numerous administrative barriers. The government position of tolerance was adhered to unevenly at all levels of society. For example, prevention efforts often were not aggressive for fear of antagonizing religious conservatives, and in addition to barriers to access to free antiretroviral drugs, potential recipients had to pay diagnostic, medical, or other fees and expenses that put the cost beyond the reach of many. Persons with HIV/AIDS reportedly continued to face employment discrimination (see section 7.d.).On July 5, a Semarang woman reported being denied...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"[The] UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) provided assistance in extending to all regions of the country its basic program for preventing the transmission of HIV from mothers to their children" (para 107)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the measures taken by the State party to improve women’s access to health-care services, such as the universal health coverage scheme, which have led to longer life expectancy, reduced rates of HIV infection and the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Women and men had equal access to diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of government discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS; however, there was a strong societal stigma attached to HIV/AIDS infection that prevented some individuals from seeking HIV/AIDS-related services. A survey in two provinces indicated up to 11.5 percent of respondents were physically assaulted for their HIV/AIDs status and 31 percent stated they were denied health services at least once" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Most health-care facilities that provided HIV-related services did so without significant stigma or discrimination, but there were reported incidents of hampered access for persons with HIV to education and health care, especially surgical and dental care, and treatment for pregnant women" (39).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The widespread belief that children were unlikely to be HIV-positive and that sexual intercourse with virgins could cleanse an individual of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, contributed to the widespread sexual exploitation of minors" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Research conducted in 2012 for the Persons Living with HIV Stigma Index found that stigma forced 14 percent of survey respondents to change their residence, 41 percent were the target of gossip, 27 percent experienced verbal insult, and 5 percent reported physical assault because of their HIV status. Women experienced higher frequencies of stigma than did men for almost all events. Another 18 percent reported they lost a job or income due to stigma against HIV/AIDS" (25).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The health care system provided anonymous counseling and testing for HIV, free adult and pediatric antiretroviral therapy, and support groups. Authorities paid insufficient attention to the specific needs of women and children, particularly in the areas of medical treatment, psychosocial support, and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission" (46).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"On April 17, a decision by the Ministry of Health abolished a health regulation that allowed authorities to publish identification details of women suspected of prostitution and detain and force them to undergo HIV tests, after a committee of health experts deemed that it unfairly stigmatized members of vulnerable social groups" (31).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"approximately 60.7 percent of black women in the United States report having been screened, compared with 50.8 percent of Hispanic women, 45.0 percent of Native American women, 33.3 percent of Asian/Pacific Islander women, 32.5 percent of white women, and 51.3 percent of women who identify as multiracial or with another racial group (Table 6.3)" (206)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the persistently high rates of maternal mortality, fertility, early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting demand for obstetric fistula services, HIV/AIDS prevalence among women in prostitution and acute malnutrition affecting women" (page 10).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV" (page 12).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In all the health centres at the primary level of health protection, counselling centres have been formed, or support centres for all the users of health protection, including women (counselling for HIV/AIDS, reproductive and sexual health and other centres as prevention and protection of women’s health). Through educational campaigns, the media and enhanced counselling service by public health institutions in Montenegro, full contribution is given to the importance of preventive measures, both for the use of contraceptives in family planning and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS" (page 30). "In March and April 2014, NGO Centre for Roma Initiatives and Women RE Network 'First' organized 12 educational sessions on...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“The use of modern forms of contraception and awareness of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV is very low, including among women and girls from the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities” (11)
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2012 a project has been under way that seeks social inclusion and universal access to HIV-AIDS prevention and comprehensive care for the most vulnerable populations in Uruguay; the project is approved by and agreed with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. It targets transvestites, transgendered persons and transsexuals, including sex workers, and men who have sex with men, and extends also to the prison population. Women living with HIV are not part of its target group. The actions proposed in the project will make for a stronger SNIS, deepening its comprehensive approach and improved response to the HIV epidemic in Uruguay; appropriate health services are expected...more