The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The HIV/AIDS Decree guarantees the right to confidentiality of test results, the right to voluntary informed consent before a test is conducted, and criminalises any official publication of test results which are not conducted in accordance with the Decree. The Decree introduces a rights based approach to HIV/AIDS. The Ministry of Health has developed the Strategic Plan for the Republic of Fiji on HIV and STIs (2012-15) after numerous consultations with all stakeholders and reflects 4 priority areas. The Ministry prepares annual work plans to ensure implementation of the strategic plan" (26).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned...That the budget for women living with HIV has been significantly reduced" (10).
April 17, 2018, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Operational targets that were to have been achieved by the end of 2015: . . . To increase provision of services that will prevent HIV transmission from mother to child in at least 80% of pregnant women, their babies, and their families" (page 6-7).
April 17, 2018, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Condom use during premarital sex is not that high in Tanzania; only 37% of women and 41% of men reported that they used a condom the last time they had sex. Among unmarried young women, use of a condom at the last sexual intercourse was the highest among adolescents age 18. Older unmarried young men (age 20-24) were more likely to use a condom at their last sexual intercourse than younger unmarried men (age 15-19). Condom use and premarital sex are higher among young men and women in urban areas than in rural areas" (page 90).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In view of the vulnerability of women and children, the Government has intensified its efforts in this area. Women and children infected with HIV/AIDS receive a treatment allowance. PMTCT services regarding HIV/AIDS are free, including screening, prophylaxis and antiretroviral treatment. Given the social norms that aggravate women’s vulnerability to infection with HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), the Government continues to promote awareness-raising activities on women’s rights in general and reproductive health rights in particular. Counselling centres have been established throughout the country in order to raise, among adolescents and other young persons, awareness of high-risk types of behaviour (alcoholism, smoking, drug addiction and unsafe sex)" (31).more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s measures to provide early diagnosis and care to pregnant girls and women living with HIV. The Committee is, however, concerned about the absence of a general policy of equal access to preventive care and treatment for all women living with HIV and of a strategy to promote age appropriate education on reproductive and sexual health for young persons. It is also concerned at the persistence of stigma and discrimination against women living with HIV, including pregnant women, and the fact that men’s role as active transmitters of HIV is rarely addressed. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure equal access for men and ...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There are awareness raising radio spots on health in general, and reproductive health and family planning in particular, targeting women and men together. This has brought results in terms of knowledge about sterility or the transmission of HIV/AIDS which in the popular imagination were traditionally blamed on women" (14). "With UNFPA support, starting in 2008, the National Reproductive Health Programme has adopted an approach aimed at improving user-friendly services for young people and adolescents (girls and boys) in 10 “Friends of Young People” public health centres, as well as for a for young people established by ABUBEF since 2004 through its branches in seven provinces. These centres provide HIV screening ...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee recalls its previous concluding observations (CEDAW/C/NAM/CO/3, paras. 24 and 25) and commends the State party for its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and unsafe abortions, which have contributed to the increase in the maternal mortality ratio in the State party. The Committee is particularly concerned that, while abortion is permissible on prescribed grounds such as rape, incest, threat to the health and life of the pregnant woman and foetal malformation, pursuant to the Abortion and Sterilization Act of 1975, women still undergo complex and onerous administrative procedures to obtain approval for abortion. The ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to improve the health status of women, but notes with concern: . . . (d) The disproportionately high HIV prevalence among women and the prevalence of mother-to-child transmission of HIV; . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . (f) Increase efforts to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS among women as well as mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and ensure the availability of antiretroviral drugs for women living with HIV" (page 9-10).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"The Committee welcomes the numerous measures taken by the State party to address maternal mortality and expand universal health coverage, but remains concerned about: (a) The persistently high rates of maternal mortality, the limited health infrastructure for pregnant women, the insufficient number of skilled personnel attending births and women’s limited access to essential obstetric care; (b) The lack of comprehensive education on sexual and reproductive health and rights and family planning services, and the limited access to modern contraceptives; (c) The criminalization of abortion (art. 305 of the Penal Code); the restrictive conditions under which abortion is available under the code of professional conduct (i.e. only in cases of threats ...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following...(d) National strategic framework to combat HIV/AIDS for 2008-2017, including effective means of addressing the concerns of women and girls" (2).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland

"The Committee welcomes the introduction of prenatal programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and of clandestine abortions, which have contributed to the increase in maternal mortality in recent years. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To intensify the implementation of HIV/AIDS response strategies, especially preventive strategies, and to continue to provide free antiretroviral treatment to all women and men living with HIV/AIDS, including pregnant women so as to prevent mother-to-child transmission; (b) To step up efforts to reduce the incidence of maternal mortality, such as providing safe abortion and post-abortion care services" (page 9-10).more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) was introduced during the 2009/2010 academic year as part of the childhood immunization programme for girls in their last year of primary school. The HPV vaccine protects against the types of HPV that cause at least 70 per cent of cervical cancer cases. To date, anyone who has wanted to receive the vaccine, apart from the girls in Year 7, has had to pay for it through her own doctor or at a public health clinic. HPV-related cancers have a social dimension, in that women of lower education and income are less likely to have Pap smears performed, are slower to seek medical help ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Treatment is provided to all persion living with this disease [HIV]" (44).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The National Strategy for Prevention of Adolescent Pregnancies (ENAPEA) combines forces of 13 federal dependencies and of 32 federal entities; SEP corresponds to a combination of lines of action, on which it is working since 2015. Actions have been taken on education, health, sexuality and sexual rights: in 2013, the contest 'Include yourself in the prevention! Fun alternatives to sexual and reproductive health for contraceptive methods and prevention of sexually transmitted infections in adolescents'; in 2014, the contest 'Ten for prevention. Ten actions for the prevention of adolescent pregnancy'; in 2016, 'Prevention' directed to NNA, and in the same year the contest 'Network of diffusers of prevention of teen pregnancy: ...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Beyond Zero Campaign: is an initiative of the First Lady in HIV control and promotion of maternal, newborn and child health in Kenya that was unveiled on World AIDS Day 2013. The framework aims to galvanize high-level leadership in ending new HIV infections among children and reducing HIV related deaths among women and children in Kenya. The strategic framework focuses on five key areas. The initiative has so far attracted development partners and private sector organizations who pledged funds to purchase mobile clinics that will provide integrated HIV, maternal and child health outreach services in the country. The Government has invested in 2014 an estimate of US$ 400 million ...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Providing access to care for the great majority of the people includes the poorest and most vulnerable social groups, under the Primary Health Care (SSP) approach: Enhanced activities in the field of reproductive health, in particular as regards women’s and children’s health, and especially the aspects of nutrition, antenatal care, family planning, prevention and control of STI/HIV/AIDS — with particular emphasis on prevention particularly as regards prevention of mother-to-child transmission" (pg 17). "In the context of the reduction of maternal and neonatal mortality, many innovative strategies have been implemented, in particular through the provision of essential neonatal obstetrical care (SONE), emergency neonatal obstetrical care (SONU), prevention of mother-to-child transmission of ...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The activity of these centers is focused on improving health indicators, particularly by reducing STI incidence, including of HIV/AIDS, reducing the number of unwanted pregnancies, use of drugs among adolescents etc.; increasing the level of youth satisfaction with services provided by the health system" (Pg 34).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The limited access of women and girls to HIV counselling and testing services at prenatal clinics" (Pg 15).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"It also notes the action taken to prevent HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases, including the delivery of antiretroviral medication" (12).
Jan. 12, 2018, 10:31 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Young people also learn how to prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections like HIV, and they are exposed to messages about human rights and gender equality" (para 7). "Before the annual Reed Dance, for example, community leaders hold local-level dialogues for the young attendees, providing information about avoiding pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, as well as how to access reproductive health services" (para 14).
Jan. 8, 2018, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The edict [of mandating virginity checks for underage girls and reporting evidence of sex in girls under 16 to the police] has led to an angry backlash with claims that girls will avoid going to clinics even when they have sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancies" (para 3).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty percent of women and 22% of men have “comprehensive knowledge” about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention" (205). "Sixty-seven percent of women and 61% of men know that HIV can be transmitted by breastfeeding. Among women and men, 59% and 55%, respectively, know that the risk of mother-to-child transmission is reduced by a mother taking special drugs during pregnancy" (205). "Eighty percent of women and 72% of men are willing to care for a family member with HIV/AIDS. Seventy-five percent of women and 79% of men would not want to keep it a secret if a family member became infected with HIV" (205). "Sixty-four percent of women and ...more
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In some parts of Zimbabwe, a widow (and thus all her property) is inherited by her husband’s brother. (This custom helped HIV spread like wildfire.)" (para 5).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Young people also learn how to prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections like HIV, and they are exposed to messages about human rights and gender equality" (para 7). "Before the annual Reed Dance, for example, community leaders hold local-level dialogues for the young attendees, providing information about avoiding pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, as well as how to access reproductive health services" (para 14).
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Nepal has around half a million widows. Many lost their husbands during the war or to HIV"(para 13)."The charity says widows in Nepal are also regularly accused of killing their husbands deliberately or through neglect - including by passing on HIV"(para 18)
Oct. 11, 2017, 11:09 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Married girls and those living with an older man are more likely than their single peers to suffer violence, sexually transmitted infections and other health complications" (18).
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Malawi

"Women’s Human Rights organization alongside Cultural and religious leaders from African countries currently meeting in Lilongwe, Malawi have condemned in the strongest terms the 'lenient' sentence passed on a man arrested for knowingly sexually violating women and allegedly infecting them with HIV-Aids"(para 1)."'We are shocked and appalled that a man, living with HIV has for over two decades sexually violated children as young as 12 years of age in an outdated retrogressive culture that is harmful for women and girls and the magistrate saw it fit to only give him 2 years in jail!' reacted Mrs. Emma Kaliya, a veteran Malawi Human Rights Activist and Executive Director for MHRCC"(para 3)."In ...more
March 16, 2017, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The dedicated doctor who staffs the Mineo medical clinic confirmed that the majority of women she treats are victims of “sexual violence.” Since 2012, she has seen an increase in sexual violence, particularly in women arriving on the sea route from Libya. Many of the women she takes care of had made the crossing unaccompanied, having no other choice. Some arrive HIV-positive or with other sexually transmitted infections. Others arrive pregnant, the result of rape during the journey" (para 14).
March 14, 2017, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Aniva is known in Malawi as a 'hyena' man — someone hired by families to have sex with girls after their first menstruation. Aniva told the BBC he was HIV-positive and had not disclosed this information to the families who hired him" (para 2). "Would a 'hyena' [a man paid to have sex with girls after their first menstruation] use condoms? Unprotected sex is considered part of the ritual" (para 10-11).