The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 12, 2018, 10:31 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Young people also learn how to prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections like HIV, and they are exposed to messages about human rights and gender equality" (para 7). "Before the annual Reed Dance, for example, community leaders hold local-level dialogues for the young attendees, providing information about avoiding pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, as well as how to access reproductive health services" (para 14).
Jan. 8, 2018, 12:11 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The edict [of mandating virginity checks for underage girls and reporting evidence of sex in girls under 16 to the police] has led to an angry backlash with claims that girls will avoid going to clinics even when they have sexually transmitted diseases or pregnancies" (para 3).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Twenty percent of women and 22% of men have “comprehensive knowledge” about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention" (205). "Sixty-seven percent of women and 61% of men know that HIV can be transmitted by breastfeeding. Among women and men, 59% and 55%, respectively, know that the risk of mother-to-child transmission is reduced by a mother taking special drugs during pregnancy" (205). "Eighty percent of women and 72% of men are willing to care for a family member with HIV/AIDS. Seventy-five percent of women and 79% of men would not want to keep it a secret if a family member became infected with HIV" (205). "Sixty-four percent of women and ...more
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In some parts of Zimbabwe, a widow (and thus all her property) is inherited by her husband’s brother. (This custom helped HIV spread like wildfire.)" (para 5).
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Young people also learn how to prevent unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections like HIV, and they are exposed to messages about human rights and gender equality" (para 7). "Before the annual Reed Dance, for example, community leaders hold local-level dialogues for the young attendees, providing information about avoiding pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, as well as how to access reproductive health services" (para 14).
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Nepal has around half a million widows. Many lost their husbands during the war or to HIV"(para 13)."The charity says widows in Nepal are also regularly accused of killing their husbands deliberately or through neglect - including by passing on HIV"(para 18)
Oct. 11, 2017, 11:09 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Married girls and those living with an older man are more likely than their single peers to suffer violence, sexually transmitted infections and other health complications" (18).
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Malawi

"Women’s Human Rights organization alongside Cultural and religious leaders from African countries currently meeting in Lilongwe, Malawi have condemned in the strongest terms the 'lenient' sentence passed on a man arrested for knowingly sexually violating women and allegedly infecting them with HIV-Aids"(para 1)."'We are shocked and appalled that a man, living with HIV has for over two decades sexually violated children as young as 12 years of age in an outdated retrogressive culture that is harmful for women and girls and the magistrate saw it fit to only give him 2 years in jail!' reacted Mrs. Emma Kaliya, a veteran Malawi Human Rights Activist and Executive Director for MHRCC"(para 3)."In ...more
March 16, 2017, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The dedicated doctor who staffs the Mineo medical clinic confirmed that the majority of women she treats are victims of “sexual violence.” Since 2012, she has seen an increase in sexual violence, particularly in women arriving on the sea route from Libya. Many of the women she takes care of had made the crossing unaccompanied, having no other choice. Some arrive HIV-positive or with other sexually transmitted infections. Others arrive pregnant, the result of rape during the journey" (para 14).
March 14, 2017, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Aniva is known in Malawi as a 'hyena' man — someone hired by families to have sex with girls after their first menstruation. Aniva told the BBC he was HIV-positive and had not disclosed this information to the families who hired him" (para 2). "Would a 'hyena' [a man paid to have sex with girls after their first menstruation] use condoms? Unprotected sex is considered part of the ritual" (para 10-11).
March 9, 2017, 1:16 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Women and girls who engage in survival sex are especially at risk of unintended pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases and other related health problems… A study by the Humanitarian Accountability Partnership (HAP) mirrored these findings, confirming that single mothers are the most vulnerable population to sexual exploitation, and therefore more likely to engage in survival sex" (3). "Additionally, given gender, age, and economic imbalances, the ability of women and girls to negotiate condom use is often compromised and can lead to heightened rates of HIV/AIDS infection. Free or affordable and adequate medical services are not widely available. Even if available, women and girls face barriers to receiving medical care, including a ...more
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress made by the State party in combating HIV/AIDS transmission through the introduction of prenatal programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV/AIDS and the introduction of the Salamatty Kazakhstan programme, 2011-2015, which focuses on the provision of health care to women. The Committee is concerned, however, that, while the population living with HIV/AIDS is low, the growth rate of newly reported HIV cases significantly exceeds the population growth rate, and women remain at high risk of contracting HIV" (8)
Feb. 9, 2017, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"When Clarisse's husband died of malaria last year in the Cameroonian city of Douala, she was kicked out of their home by his family and forced to marry his brother. After having sex with her new husband, the 34-year-old discovered she had syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease that can lead to blindness and stroke if untreated. 'He accused me of infidelity. He called a meeting of our families and told them I was a prostitute'" (para 1-3).
Feb. 8, 2017, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"The study found that three of 30 participants in a training project for young women living with HIV said they had been sterilised without their informed consent. In 2012, a Namibian court ruled that state hospitals illegally sterilised three HIV-positive women. The women were presented with sterilisation forms just before or after giving birth, and weren't told what they were signing, the ruling said" (para 24-25).
Feb. 1, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"According to custom, sex with the hyena must never be protected with the use of condoms. But they say a hyena is hand-picked for his good morals, and therefore cannot be infected with HIV/Aids. It's clear, given the hyena's duties, that HIV is a huge risk to the community. The UN estimates that one in 10 of all Malawians carry the virus, so I ask Aniva if he is HIV-positive. He astounds me by saying that he is - and that he doesn't mention this to a girl's parents when they hire him. As our conversation continues, Aniva senses that I am not impressed. He stops boasting and tells me ...more
Jan. 31, 2017, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"No legal barriers prevent women from receiving treatment for sexually transmitted infections, but many hesitated to do so because of social and cultural concerns" (10).
Jan. 30, 2017, 4:13 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"According to the Chadian Women Lawyers’ Association, women sometimes were accused of passing HIV to their husbands and were threatened by family members with judicial action or banishment" (22).
Jan. 9, 2017, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Men and women had equal access to diagnosis and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, including HIV" (33).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“HIV/AIDS was a largely taboo subject. Lack of public awareness remained a problem, because many citizens believed the disease exclusively affected foreigners and members of the LGBTI community. Society stigmatized HIV/AIDS-positive individuals, and they largely hid their medical status. The government continued its efforts to inform the public about the disease and eliminate negative attitudes about persons with HIV/AIDS, but it also continued to test all foreigners annually for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, syphilis, malaria, and tuberculosis. The government deported individuals who tested HIV positive” (39).
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“Stigma and discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS were major barriers to HIV/AIDS prevention and service utilization. Negative social attitudes and low public awareness also remained obstacles. NGOs reported that social stigma caused individuals to avoid testing and treatment for HIV/AIDS. Some health care providers, particularly dentists, refused to provide services to HIV-positive persons. Individuals often concealed their HIV/AIDS status from employers due to fear of losing their jobs” (47).
Jan. 3, 2017, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Law enforcement practices contributed to high levels of stigma and discrimination against female sex workers that in turn hindered their access to HIV prevention, treatment, and social protection services" (44).
Jan. 3, 2017, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“Discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS is punishable by up to four years in prison and a fine. Civil society organizations and press continued to report discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS. According to UNAIDS in Brazil, discrimination against certain groups, particularly gay men, made individuals hesitate to seek HIV testing and treatment” (21).
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Initiatives taken since 2004 have made it possible to increase the supply of services in terms of screening and in terms of prevention of mother-to-child transmission and medical coverage. The 2009 report of the Ministry of Health committee to combat AIDS indicates that: The number of voluntary screening centres as of 31 December 2008 is 260, of which 178 are private and community centres; In 2008 there were 172 sites providing prevention of mother -child transmission of which 63 provided overall care and 30 provided paediatric care; In 2009 there were 203,615 screenings, of which: – 82,196 through voluntary screening (2,493 positives); –86,825 screened through prevention of mother-child transmission (1,614 ...more
Nov. 18, 2016, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria

"Yahauwa, 30, used her green head scarf to wipe away tears as she clutched a plastic bag full of medicine. She had just tested positive for H.I.V.'Is it from the people who forced me to have affairs with them?' she asked a relief worker, tears streaming down her face"(para 12-13). Hundreds of women have recently fled from Boko Haram's systematic sexual abuse of them (ENB-Coder Comment)
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"A significant contribution to the development of the health-care system and to the efficacy of the provision of medical services to the public, including women, was made by . . . countering the spread of disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection)" (14). "Within the framework of implementation of paragraph 53 of the Committee’s Concluding Observations and Recommendations, for compliance with adopted laws and other legal-and-regulatory acts affecting women’s rights, broad use was made of technical backstopping from such international organizations as UNDP, UN-Women, UNFPA, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the EC and the Savings Banks Foundation of Germany, with which projects like the ...more
Nov. 16, 2016, 1:51 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Vinita, who is 25 years old and HIV positive, lost her husband to AIDS. 'A few years ago, when I found out that I was expecting, I went to the local government hospital. The doctor in charge recommended HIV testing,' she said. 'Shockingly, I tested positive. I had contracted the virus from my husband, who was gravely ill at the time.We hid this reality from our families and broke the news only to a close friend. Although both of us started treatment, he died soon after. Unfortunately, our son also passed away within a year,' said Vinita, speaking at a recent meeting in Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore) facilitated by Swaraj, a ...more
Nov. 10, 2016, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Gender norms sometimes prevented women from accessing HIV information and services" (33).
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“Thirty-nine percent of women and 31% of men have “comprehensive knowledge” about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention” (191). “Knowledge of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: Eighty-two percent of women and 74% of men know that HIV can be transmitted by breastfeeding. Among women and men, 87% and 70%, respectively, know that the risk of mother-to-child transmission is reduced by a mother taking special drugs during pregnancy” (191). “Ninety-seven percent of women and 92% of men know where to get an HIV test. Eighty-four percent of women and 63% of men have been tested for HIV and have received the results of their last test. Fifty-eight percent of ...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

“Seventy percent of ever-married women age 15-49 have heard of HIV/AIDS, similar to that documented in the 2011 BDHS” (175). “Between 2011 and 2014 the proportion of ever-married women who know two HIV prevention methods decreased from 37 to 34 percent” (175). “Only 11 percent of ever-married women age 15-49 have comprehensive knowledge about AIDS” (175). “More than half of ever-married women (56 percent) know that HIV can be transmitted during pregnancy and through breastfeeding, while less than half (44 percent) know that HIV can be transmitted during delivery” (175). “Fifty-nine percent of ever-married women know that HIV can be transmitted both by using an unsterilized needle or syringe and ...more
Sept. 17, 2016, 7:30 p.m.
Countries: Barbados

"Drugs are available at no cost to all suffering from HIV/AIDS. There is no distinction between male and female beneficiaries. Provisions are also in place to supply anti-retrovirals for post-exposure prophylaxes in cases of accidental injury with a contaminated needle or of rape" (40)