The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV by providing access to antiretroviral treatment" (page 11).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Human rights organizations complained the media and medical professionals often did not respect the privacy of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Many persons with HIV/AIDS reported discrimination in access to employment, housing, public services, benefits, and health care. The Positive Life Foundation noted that the country lacked laws protecting persons with HIV/AIDS from discrimination and that there were legal obstacles to anonymous HIV testing" (page 68).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"2015 Survey by Adolescent Reproductive Health Zone (ARHZ). Survey areas: Mong Hsu, LaiKha, and Keng Tong, Mong Phyat, Mong Pyin and Tachilek Townships in Shan State + Demawso, Loikaw, Pruso Townships in Karenni/ Kayah State. Ethnicity: Lahu, Ahka, Wa, Shan, Karenni/Kayah and Kachin. Number of respondents: 300 respondents. Age range: 14 to 30 years old. Findings: 10 % have a basic understanding about reproductive health. 20% are aware of the concept of family planning & how it applied to their lives. 10% know how to protect themselves from STDs and STIs. Less than 10% know how to handle an unexpected pregnancy. 10% know how and where to get service and...more
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"E}nsure the proper implementation of the Mexican Official Standard NOM-046-SSA2-2005, particularly access of women victims of rape to emergency contraception, abortion and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS" (10).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Other reported abuses included: . . . discrimination against those with HIV/AIDS" (page 1). "Women and men received equal treatment for sexually transmitted infections" (page 29). "According to representatives of international and local organizations, negative social attitudes towards members of marginalized groups, including LGBTI persons, impeded the willingness of the latter to come forward, organize, or seek access to HIV/AIDS programs . . . The law prohibits discrimination against persons with HIV and AIDS. Observers reported cultural stigma against drug users and other at-risk groups resulted in societal discrimination that continued to affect access to information, services, treatment, and care. The National Center for AIDS provides free diagnostic and treatment...more
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Other major human rights problems included: . . . discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS" (page 1). "The government and NGOs conducted HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns to increase social acceptance of persons with HIV or AIDS. Nevertheless, human rights activists reported HIV-positive individuals including those with AIDS suffered from social stigma due to the widespread belief such status indicated homosexuality. HIV-positive men sometimes refrained from taking antiretroviral drugs due to fear their families would discover their sexual orientation. The law prohibits all forms of discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS. The law also allows medical doctors to inform spouses of persons with HIV/AIDS of their partners’ status if the latter fail to do...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 10:12 p.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

Table on page xix, 'Indicators for following-up with the millennium development goals disaggregated by gender,' indicates that the percentage of the population ages 15-24 with a "thorough" understanding and awareness of HIV/aids is, in Moroni, 34.1% of women, 40.8% of men, and 37.4% overall; in other cities, 39.1% of women, 38.3% of men, and 19.4% overall; in all urban areas, 23.7% of women, 26.5% of men, and 24.6% overall; in rural areas, 17.1% of women, 22.3% of men, and 18.3% overall; in the nation as a whole, 19.1% of women, 23.9% of men, for 20.4% overall (page xix). "Although nearly all of those surveyed reported having heard of HIV/AIDS, just...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Stigma and discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS were pervasive. The government, however, encouraged tolerance, took steps to prevent new infections, and provided free antiretroviral drugs, although with numerous administrative barriers. The government position of tolerance was adhered to unevenly at all levels of society. For example, prevention efforts often were not aggressive for fear of antagonizing religious conservatives, and in addition to barriers to access to free antiretroviral drugs, potential recipients had to pay diagnostic, medical, or other fees and expenses that put the cost beyond the reach of many. Persons with HIV/AIDS reportedly continued to face employment discrimination (see section 7.d.).On July 5, a Semarang woman reported being denied...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"[The] UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) provided assistance in extending to all regions of the country its basic program for preventing the transmission of HIV from mothers to their children" (para 107)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the measures taken by the State party to improve women’s access to health-care services, such as the universal health coverage scheme, which have led to longer life expectancy, reduced rates of HIV infection and the elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and syphilis" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Women and men had equal access to diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"There were no reports of government discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS; however, there was a strong societal stigma attached to HIV/AIDS infection that prevented some individuals from seeking HIV/AIDS-related services. A survey in two provinces indicated up to 11.5 percent of respondents were physically assaulted for their HIV/AIDs status and 31 percent stated they were denied health services at least once" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Most health-care facilities that provided HIV-related services did so without significant stigma or discrimination, but there were reported incidents of hampered access for persons with HIV to education and health care, especially surgical and dental care, and treatment for pregnant women" (39).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The widespread belief that children were unlikely to be HIV-positive and that sexual intercourse with virgins could cleanse an individual of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, contributed to the widespread sexual exploitation of minors" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Research conducted in 2012 for the Persons Living with HIV Stigma Index found that stigma forced 14 percent of survey respondents to change their residence, 41 percent were the target of gossip, 27 percent experienced verbal insult, and 5 percent reported physical assault because of their HIV status. Women experienced higher frequencies of stigma than did men for almost all events. Another 18 percent reported they lost a job or income due to stigma against HIV/AIDS" (25).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The health care system provided anonymous counseling and testing for HIV, free adult and pediatric antiretroviral therapy, and support groups. Authorities paid insufficient attention to the specific needs of women and children, particularly in the areas of medical treatment, psychosocial support, and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission" (46).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"On April 17, a decision by the Ministry of Health abolished a health regulation that allowed authorities to publish identification details of women suspected of prostitution and detain and force them to undergo HIV tests, after a committee of health experts deemed that it unfairly stigmatized members of vulnerable social groups" (31).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"approximately 60.7 percent of black women in the United States report having been screened, compared with 50.8 percent of Hispanic women, 45.0 percent of Native American women, 33.3 percent of Asian/Pacific Islander women, 32.5 percent of white women, and 51.3 percent of women who identify as multiracial or with another racial group (Table 6.3)" (206)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the persistently high rates of maternal mortality, fertility, early and frequent pregnancy and the resulting demand for obstetric fistula services, HIV/AIDS prevalence among women in prostitution and acute malnutrition affecting women" (page 10).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its successful programmes aimed at preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV" (page 12).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In all the health centres at the primary level of health protection, counselling centres have been formed, or support centres for all the users of health protection, including women (counselling for HIV/AIDS, reproductive and sexual health and other centres as prevention and protection of women’s health). Through educational campaigns, the media and enhanced counselling service by public health institutions in Montenegro, full contribution is given to the importance of preventive measures, both for the use of contraceptives in family planning and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS" (page 30). "In March and April 2014, NGO Centre for Roma Initiatives and Women RE Network 'First' organized 12 educational sessions on...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro

“The use of modern forms of contraception and awareness of sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV is very low, including among women and girls from the Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian communities” (11)
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2012 a project has been under way that seeks social inclusion and universal access to HIV-AIDS prevention and comprehensive care for the most vulnerable populations in Uruguay; the project is approved by and agreed with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. It targets transvestites, transgendered persons and transsexuals, including sex workers, and men who have sex with men, and extends also to the prison population. Women living with HIV are not part of its target group. The actions proposed in the project will make for a stronger SNIS, deepening its comprehensive approach and improved response to the HIV epidemic in Uruguay; appropriate health services are expected...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

" . . . the adoption of the following: (a) HIV/AIDS (Prevention and Management) Act (Zanzibar, 2013) and HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Act (mainland, 2008)" (page 1-2). "The Committee notes the prevention, testing and treatment efforts undertaken by the State party, the efforts in Zanzibar to impart skills relating to reproductive health and HIV to young persons and to offer youth-friendly services, and the national guidelines for HIV testing and counselling adopted in 2013. The Committee remains concerned, however, at: . . . (c) The criminalization of the transmission of HIV and the forced disclosure of HIV status to sexual partners under the HIV and AIDS (Prevention and...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Screening for HIV is a well-established part of maternity care and all pregnant women are offered screening for HIV in pregnancy as part of the first antenatal blood tests. Very few pregnant women (around one woman per year) are identified through screening; however, the universal offer is still important as testing is the only way to know if women have HIV. For those women who are found to be HIV positive, early detection leads to early treatment for the woman and enables implementation of preventative measures that reduce the chance of mother-child transmission during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding" (page 25). "HIV antenatal screening must comply with the Code of Health...more
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern: . . . (c) That, despite the increasing HIV infection rates, the State party lacks epidemiological data on groups who are particularly at risk for HIV/AIDS, and lacks counselling centres for HIV and sexually transmitted infections, which constitutes a significant barrier in combating the pandemic" (page 15).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Persons with HIV/AIDS faced significant legal discrimination, informal stigmabased barriers, and employment discrimination (see section 7.d.); and were prohibited from adopting children. In addition those who were intravenous drug users in particular faced informal barriers to accessing antiretroviral treatment. Regional AIDS centers often demanded that drug users complete drug addiction treatment, which was severely lacking or nonexistent in most areas, before starting antiretroviral treatment. According to NGO activists, men who have sex with men were discouraged from seeking antiretroviral treatment, since treatment exposes the fact that these individuals have the virus, while sex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies. Economic...more
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The limited use of modern forms of contraception by women and girls, the fact that the State party has one of the highest HIV rates in the world, disproportionately affecting women and girls, especially women in prostitution, and the prevalence of malaria" (12-13).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The HIV/AIDS Decree guarantees the right to confidentiality of test results, the right to voluntary informed consent before a test is conducted, and criminalises any official publication of test results which are not conducted in accordance with the Decree. The Decree introduces a rights based approach to HIV/AIDS. The Ministry of Health has developed the Strategic Plan for the Republic of Fiji on HIV and STIs (2012-15) after numerous consultations with all stakeholders and reflects 4 priority areas. The Ministry prepares annual work plans to ensure implementation of the strategic plan" (26).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned...That the budget for women living with HIV has been significantly reduced" (10).