The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for ISTD-PRACTICE-1

June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Increasing prevalence of HIV/AIDS among women, despite the decreasing rates in the overall population" (12).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: DACH-PRACTICE-2, ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The government recognized the right of married couples to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children; to manage their reproductive health; and to have access to the information and means to do so, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. Health clinics freely disseminated information on family planning under the guidance of the Ministry of Health. Some forms of birth control, including condoms, were available at pharmacies and supermarkets, although doctor-prescribed birth control medication was generally not available for unmarried women. The government provided free childbirth services to citizens within the framework of universal health care. Prenatal and postnatal care was readily available and used. Men and women received...more
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against persons with HIV remained a problem, impacting individuals’ employment, educational, and housing opportunities and impeding access to health care. The law allows employers and schools to bar persons with infectious diseases and does not afford specific protections based on HIV status. During the year state media outlets reported instances of persons with HIV/AIDS who were barred from housing, education, or employment due to their HIV status" (66).
June 11, 2019, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits discrimination in employment based on HIV/AIDS status. Children with HIV/AIDS also faced discrimination, and authorities often did not tell teachers that a child was HIV positive due to fear of verbal abuse from both educators and peers. The government maintained a home for orphaned children infected with HIV/AIDS" (15).
June 10, 2019, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Forty-two percent of women and 48% of men have comprehensive knowledge about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention; this is only a slight increase from 2010. Seventy-six percent of women and 72% of men know that HIV can be transmitted during pregnancy, 81% of women and 82% of men know that HIV can be transmitted during labour, and 87% of women and 88% of men know that HIV can be transmitted during breastfeeding... The vast majority of women (95%) and men (96%) know where to obtain an HIV test, but women are more likely than men to have ever been tested for HIV (83% versus 70%). However, in 12...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Within the context of high HIV and AIDS prevalence among women, for example, priority was given to the reduction of transmission of HIV and AIDS to women, which occur during the widow’s purification ceremonies, through sensitization of community leaders and traditional healers and the community about the risks posed by unprotected sexual activities. These sensitization activities also covered cases whereby women are forced to have sexual intercourse with the partner on her return from long or short term travelling. The work with traditional healers and midwives comprise questions related to transmission of HIV and AIDS during the treatment and/or patient care" (14-15). "The Government has been increasing its efforts to...more
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"HIV/AIDS was a largely taboo subject. Lack of public awareness remained a problem, because many citizens believed the disease exclusively affected foreigners and members of the LGBTI community. Society stigmatized HIV/AIDS-positive individuals, and they largely hid their medical status. The government continued its efforts to inform the public about the disease and eliminate negative attitudes about persons with HIV/AIDS, but it also continued to test all foreigners annually for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, syphilis, malaria, and tuberculosis. The government deported individuals who tested HIV-positive" (37).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"In the context of HIV/AIDS projects, NGO such as MORABI, VERDEFAM and Red Cross work with sex workers since 2008. Their prevention and care activities on STI/HIV/AIDS are complemented by income generating activities, enabling them to achieve some reintegration of women and men from prostitution" (16). "The basic Package of Essential Health Services that are provided free of charge include reproductive health services for both women and men, care of infectious/transmissible diseases (HIV/AIDS, STI, Tuberculosis, among others), integrated attention to child illnesses (AIDI), among other services/care" (25). "HIV testing is offered to all pregnant women, for the PMTCT, and has enabled women to identify seropositivity early and access available support...more
June 5, 2019, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported that social stigma caused individuals to avoid testing and treatment for HIV/AIDS" (40)
June 5, 2019, 11:40 a.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Awareness of AIDS is very widespread in Armenia; 89 percent of women and 88 percent of men age 15-49 have heard of HIV or AIDS. Nevertheless, comprehensive knowledge about HIV is low: only 25 percent of women and 21 percent of men know that use of condoms and having just one uninfected faithful partner can reduce the chances of getting HIV, know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, and reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission. About half of women and men age 15-49 know that HIV can be transmitted from a mother to her child by breastfeeding; about onequarter of women and one-fifth of men...more
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"(d) The absence of substitution therapy programmes for women who use drugs, which also contributes to the spread of HIV/AIDS; (e) The steady increase in the proportion of women among early-stage HIV patients" (10).
May 16, 2019, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, LRW-DATA-1

"As soon as there is a case of rape that happens in the villages, the women come to us… We take them first for medical care and then to the judicial system because in the first 72 hours we want women to be treated so that they won’t become pregnant and to prevent AIDS. We have a clinic that offers all the services to women in the same place. More than 900 people [come to the clinic] a month and in the 900 people who come, 5 percent are victims of sexual violence." (para 6).
May 10, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Only 25% of women age 15-49 have comprehensive knowledge about HIV (Table 12.3). The two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission in the Philippines are that HIV can be transmitted by mosquito bites and that a person can become infected by sharing food with a person who has HIV" (174). "Only 1 in 5 women age 15-24 (20%) have comprehensive knowledge of HIV (defined as knowing that consistent use of condoms during sexual intercourse and having just one uninfected faithful partner can reduce the chance of getting HIV, knowing that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, and rejecting the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission) (Table 12.8)"...more
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"While the PA Ministry of Health provided treatment and privacy protections for patients with HIV/AIDS, societal discrimination against affected individuals in the West Bank was common. Anecdotal evidence suggested societal discrimination against HIV/AIDS patients was also very common in Gaza" (109)
May 1, 2019, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Three in ten women (31%) and two in ten men (21%) men have “comprehensive knowledge” about the modes of HIV transmission and prevention" (227). "Nearly 7 in 10 women (68%) and 62% of men age 15-49 know that using condoms consistently can reduce the risk of HIV. Similarly, 73% of women and 63% of men recognize that limiting sexual intercourse to one uninfected partner who has no other partners can reduce the risk of HIV. More than 8 in 10 women (84%) and men (83%) are aware of both of these prevention methods. Six in ten women (63%) mentioned both using condoms and limiting sex to one uninfected partner as...more
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"HIV and AIDS social stigma and discrimination hindered HIV/AIDS prevention efforts. According to the 2015 Stigma Index study, 11.2 percent of persons with HIV, 16.6 percent of female sex workers, 15.5 percent of persons who inject drugs, and 7.9 percent of men who have sex with men reported having experienced rights violations within the 12 months prior to the survey. Multiple indicator cluster surveys taken in 2014 showed stigma and discrimination against HIV-positive persons was widespread, with approximately 70 percent of female respondents reporting having faced some form of stigma and discrimination. Individuals with HIV continued to face barriers accessing and maintaining employment" (36-37).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The government has a national HIV/AIDS policy that prohibits discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS, and the law prohibits discrimination against workers with HIV/AIDS in the private sector and parastatals. Despite these provisions, societal discrimination against persons living with HIV/AIDS remained a problem. Local NGOs reported persons affected by HIV/AIDS faced discrimination in health services, education, and employment (...) In the 2015 DHS, 22 percent of women and 20 percent of men reported they held discriminatory attitudes towards those living with HIV/AIDS" (43).
April 24, 2019, 8:54 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The commissioner for protection of equality’s annual report for 2014 stated that people with HIV/AIDS suffered from discrimination in health care, work, and employment as well as from negative reactions from family and friends. NGOs reported acts of discrimination against persons with HIV/AIDS, including job loss and harassment from neighbors. NGOs and health workers reported that some medical workers discriminated against persons with HIV/AIDS. . . . The association of organizations working with HIV-infected persons stated that the mortality rate of persons with AIDS was relatively high because of a low testing rate, late diagnoses, lack of knowledge about the disease, and the stigma and discrimination experienced by individuals with...more
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2014, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, the ministry responsible for youth development has conducted health awareness and service activities in about a hundred departments each year. These services for adolescents and young people from 10 to 24 years of age focus on sex education, condom distribution and HIV testing. In 2014, 207,235 young people received awareness training, including 84,557 girls" (34). "Care focuses on palliative and physical care and spiritual, psychosocial and nutritional support for all patients, regardless of sex. Antiretroviral drugs in Côte d’Ivoire are available free of charge to eligible persons, both men and women. For pregnant women, an initial pre-care assessment is systematically conducted...more
April 9, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that the State party intends to review the use and application of criminal norms to certain HIV/AIDS issues. This review will include the troubling application of harsh criminal sanctions (aggravated sexual assault) to women for not disclosing their HIV status to sexual partners, even when the transmission is not intentional, when there is no transmission or when the risk of transmission is minimal" (15).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Despite government programs to treat and provide financial and other assistance to persons with HIV/AIDS, international news sources and organizations reported that individuals known to be infected with HIV/AIDS faced widespread societal discrimination. Individuals with HIV/AIDS, for example, continued to be denied employment as teachers" (43).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGO activists, men who have sex with men were discouraged from seeking antiretroviral treatment, since treatment exposed the fact that these individuals had the virus, while sex workers were afraid to appear in the official system due to threats from law enforcement bodies" (57).
March 29, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against persons with HIV remained a problem, impacting individuals’ employment (see section 7.d.), educational, and housing opportunites and impeding access to health care. The law allowed employers and schools to bar persons with infectious diseases and did not afford specific protections based on HIV status. During the year state media reported instances of persons with HIV/AIDS who were barred from housing, education, or employment due to their HIV status. While in the past, persons with HIV/AIDS were routinely denied admission to hospitals, discrimination was less overt, and some hospitals gave questionable excuses for not being able to treat them. Hospitals expressed fears that, should the general population find out...more
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The government and NGOs continued efforts to abolish such practices by raising awareness concerning the inherent dangers of such behavior [widow inheritance and cleansing], including the risk of HIV/AIDS transmission" (para 86). "The widespread belief that children were unlikely to be HIV-positive and that sexual intercourse with virgins could cleanse an individual of sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, contributed to the widespread sexual exploitation of minors" (para 102).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The most recent demographic and health survey in 2013 found no measurable change since 2007 in popular attitudes, which remained broadly discriminatory, toward those with HIV. HIV-related social stigma and discrimination discouraged persons from testing for their HIV status, thus limiting HIV prevention and treatment services. Children orphaned because of AIDS faced similar social stigma" (30). "Government ministries developed, adopted, and implemented several strategic plans to combat social stigma and discrimination based on HIV status. The Ministry of Labor continued to promote a supportive environment for persons with HIV. The Ministry of Education continued implementation of its strategic plan to destigmatize and safeguard HIV-positive persons against discrimination in its recruitment,...more
March 22, 2019, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The HPV vaccination has been introduced for free to girls of a certain age group through the School Health Services. Those eligible for the programme are girls attending public and private schools who were born between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2004. The programme is complemented by a series of lectures on topics related to reproductive issues, contraception and information on HIV/AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases" (29). I am including this here because HPV is an STI (CEM - CODER COMMENT).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Female victims subjected to sexual violence lacked access to immediate health care. Consequences included severe physical injuries, psychosocial trauma, unwanted pregnancies, social stigmatization, and infection with sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS. The destruction of hospitals further complicated access to health care" (para 192).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"The law protects the right to confidentiality of persons with HIV/AIDS and prohibits discrimination against them. However, observers claimed persons with HIV/AIDS continued to suffer from societal discrimination and social stigma" (23).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"Persons with HIV/AIDS faced discrimination and had limited treatment options. A 2016 Afrobarometer poll reported that 60 percent of citizens would not welcome an HIV positive individual as their neighbor. The Joint UN Program on HIV/AIDS reported that some health-care providers were reluctant to treat persons with HIV/AIDS due to fear of infection. There were 16 HIV/AIDS treatment centers countrywide and domestic NGOs focused on treating HIV/AIDS patients" (page 32).
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: ISTD-PRACTICE-1

"With respect to women living with HIV, through participation by various sectors in the national response to sexually transmitted infections and HIV, a national consultation took place to develop conception and contraception contents designed to highlight these women’s sexual and reproductive rights. The result of the above is a preliminary document proposing adjustments to Decree No. 1543/1997, which provides that women and men with HIV are not to be subject to compulsory sterilization" (33).