The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-1

Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women, members of minorities, or both in the political process, and they did participate" (page 7).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"The electoral code requires at least 30 percent of candidates for any party competing for seats in the National Assembly to be women. Not every party adhered to this rule, which was not enforced" (p. 14).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and/or members of minority groups in the political process, and they did participate. Cultural factors, however, limited women’s political participation" (page 14).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (Pg 42).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"In November the HRA reported that women in the southeast were disproportionately affected by the state of emergency and cited restrictions on freedom of movement, the shuttering of women’s NGOs by emergency decree, and the impact of the arrest and removal of female DBP/HDP elected representatives" (page 25). "No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, although Kurdish politicians representing the HDP and the DBP remained under disproportionate government pressure relative to other politicians" (page 45).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or minorities in the political process, and they did participate in local, provincial, and national elections" (Pg 22).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process" (Pg 23).
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, VOTE-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Five of the 34 cabinet members were women, as was the senior presidential advisor for national reconciliation. There were 12 women among the 140 members of parliament. Some observers believed traditional attitudes and cultural practices limited the ability of women to participate in political life on the same basis as men. In November 2016 the National Assembly passed a gender equality law. The law outlaws gender discrimination and establishes quotas for women’s representation in elective offices, and public and private institutions. It also establishes an independent National Observatory for Male/Female Equality to...more
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"There are no laws preventing women or members of minority groups from voting, running for office, and serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life" (Pg 22).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process; however, their participation was limited" (page 26).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (page 18).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, GP-DATA-1

"There were no laws or cultural or traditional practices preventing women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life on the same basis as men or nonminority citizens. The Zambia National Women’s Lobby 2014 Gender Audit Report on the private and public sectors revealed low participation of women in decision-making positions within several government and quasi-government institutions and political parties. For instance the report revealed women’s participation in national executive committees of all political parties was very low, with the highest level of participation being 40 percent" (Pg 17).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (page 12).
July 3, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"Electoral laws require that at least onethird of the candidates on party lists be women. Women hold 24 of the 65 seats in Parliament and several ministerial, vice-ministerial, and secretary of state positions. At the local level, at least three women must serve on every village council, which generally include 10 to 20 representatives, depending on the size of the village. Meaningful participation by women at the national and local levels, even when elected, may sometimes be constrained by traditional attitudes and stereotypes" (Pg 12).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (page 15).
June 28, 2019, 10:58 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no laws that prevent women or minorities from participating in political life on the same basis as men or majority citizens. Some cultural and social barriers to women’s participation include financial constraints and the sometimes violent nature of local politics. There was no provision for, or allocation of, a set number or percentage of political party positions for women or minorities" (Pg 24).
June 25, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women were granted the right to vote and run for office in 2005" (p. 17).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws prevent women or minority members from voting, running for office, or serving as electoral monitors, but cultural and traditional practices inhibited women’s ability to do so" (Pg 27-28).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (26).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women, members of minorities in, or both in the political process, and they did participate" (35).
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (10).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (14).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No new legislative reforms have been implemented to increase the participation of women in political and public life. However the government recognises its constitutional commitment to the principle of equality between the sexes and has acted in support of women’s equal participation in the public service, the judiciary, local government, political parties, the national machinery and international representation. (in keeping with the Guyana Constitution)" (25).
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No PA laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Legally women and minorities can vote and participate in political life on the same basis as men and nonminority citizens, although women faced significant social and cultural barriers in both the West Bank and Gaza" (101).
April 18, 2019, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (10).
April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

[Tibet] "There were no formal restrictions on women’s participation in the political system, and women held many lower-level government positions" (page 91). "[Macau] There were no laws or practices preventing women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as election monitors, or otherwise participating in political life on the same basis as men or nonminority citizens" (page 132).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (32). "On August 15, following three years of hearings on a petition by women’s rights organizations to appoint a female director general to the rabbinical courts, the Supreme Court ruled that since the position is inherently administrative, not religious, it must be open to anyone licensed as a rabbinic pleader, including women. In June the Rabbinical Courts Administration named a female deputy director general for the first time. Although women currently serve as judges in nonreligious courts, they remain barred from serving as judges in rabbinical courts" (37).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women faced significant legal, religious, and cultural barriers to political participation. According to the Guardian Council’s interpretation, the constitution bars women and persons of foreign origin from serving as supreme leader or president, as members of the Assembly of Experts, the Guardian Council, or the Expediency Council, and as certain types of judges" (29). "The Guardian Council disqualified all 137 women who registered as candidates for the May presidential election" (29). "Practitioners of a religion other than Shia Islam are barred from serving as supreme leader or president, as well as being a member in the Assembly of Experts, Guardian Council, or Expediency Council" (30).
April 4, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The law allows women to serve as judges" (4).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (43).