The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-1

Dec. 13, 2018, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"While we are extremely delighted over the news that he will appoint women justices to the Supreme Court, we also expect that at least 30 percent of his Cabinet will be composed of women" (5).
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (22).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women or members of minorities, and they did participate" (9).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (8).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has made substantial progress to ensure women’s equal participation with men in political life at the federal level. However, it is concerned at gaps in the federal and state electoral legal frameworks which may lead to the non-compliance of the gender quota system to register candidates in a proportion of 40-60 and that this quota system has not yet been incorporated in all the states’ electoral legislation". It is further concerned at the low number of indigenous women participating in the political life of the State party" (7).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"Traditional attitudes sometimes hindered women from holding high office or playing active roles in political life, although there were no legal restrictions on the participation of women or minorities in politics" (page 24).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Nevertheless, women and minorities continued to be underrepresented in government… Rohingya continued to be excluded from the political process, because their political rights (whether to vote or run for office) remained severely curtailed since the vast majority are stateless" (34).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Guardian Council approved eight candidates for president from 686 individuals who registered as candidates. It did not approve any female registrants" (para 123). "According to the Guardian Council’s interpretation, the constitution bars women and persons of foreign origin from serving as supreme leader or president, as members of the Assembly of Experts, the Guardian Council, or the Expediency Council, as well as certain types of judges. In 2013 the Guardian Council disqualified all 30 women who registered as presidential candidates" (para 126). "Women may not serve in many high-level political positions or as judges, except as consultants or research judges without the power to impose sentences" (para 161)more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no restrictions on the role of women in politics. A law on political parties mandates that women make up at least 30 percent of the founding membership of a new political party" (para 116)
Oct. 11, 2018, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Joseph Kabila, president of DRC, signed a law in December that places certain restrictions on political candidates running for national office. One of these includes a provision that requires a deposit of $1,000 before a candidate can run. These requirements indirectly exclude many women from entering the political arena...'This is a fortune for women. Women in the DRC, on average, are making less than $1 per day and are struck by poverty at a much higher rate than men,' said Bihamba. 'This fee basically excludes women from the very start'" (para 2-4). "The electoral law that was passed in December also requires a candidate, in order to be elected to...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"In June the government brought charges against public officials at the Ministry of Health and employees of the private company Astropharma, including the vice president of the National Congress, Lena Gutierrez, and three members of her family" (para 87). This demonstrates that it is not illegal for women to serve in the legislative branch (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Despite an increase in the number of female parliamentarians, political discussions often marginalized female members of parliament. There was one female minister in the Council of Ministers" (para 202). This data point suggests that there are no barriers against women holding legislative offices nor certain executive offices (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Amendments were introduced to the Basic Law of the State (the Constitution) in 2011 concerning legislative and supervisory reforms of the Council of Oman (the Council of State and Consultative Council). The Basic Law of the State entitles a woman to vote and stand for election to the Consultative Council. The Law on the Election of Members of the Consultative Council, issued by Royal Decree No. 58/2013 concerns standing for and voting for the Council and makes no distinction between males and females. The Consultative Council enjoys a number of legislative, economic, social and other authorities" (Pg 16-17). "Women hold positions in various State institutions at different levels. A number...more
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women held three of 17 ministerial positions: justice, tourism, and health. Women also served in other government positions, including as ambassador to France and as regional administrators" (para 89). This indicates that women, at least, are not barred from service in the executive branch (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Furthermore, the Committee reiterates its concern that the binominal electoral system unfavourably impacts women’s political representation" (6). While not a law directly forbidding women from running, the legal set up of bionominal electoral system is a concern in that it may unintentionally limit the amount of women who can successfully run for office (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women participated fully in political life. There were 36 women among the 121 MPs and nine women on the executive council. The chief justice of the Supreme Court was a woman" (6). There appear to be no legal barriers to women holding offices in any offices (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no restrictions in law or practice on participation by women and minorities in politics" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for hereditary rule by males in the emir’s branch of the al-Thani family, which has ruled since 1868" (1). Women may not rule the country (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No specific laws restrict women or minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in government or political parties" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no legal impediments to the participation of women or minorities in government and politics" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"While no legal provisions prohibit women from appointment as judges and public prosecutors, the only path to those positions is through work in the prosecutor’s office. As of December 15, the government did not allow additional women to apply to prosecutor positions" (6).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There were no laws or cultural practices preventing women from participating in political life" (17).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Chapter 8, section 352, of the Constitution, despite the prohibition therein of discrimination on the basis of sex in the making of appointments to government posts, still provides that 'nothing in this section shall prevent the appointment of men to the positions that are naturally suitable for men only'" (page 4).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Under article 22 of the Civil Service Act of Turkmenistan of March 2016, citizens of Turkmenistan who have reached the age of 18 and able to speak one of the official languages of the country have the right, regardless of nationality, race, sex, origin, property and official status, place of residence, language, attitude towards religion, political views, party affiliation or lack of affiliation to any political party, to enter public service, with due account taken of their qualifications, types of training and other restrictions established by the law" (22).
May 31, 2018, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"A prior attempt to legislate a 30 percent gender quota as part of a new electoral law failed last year, and many of the women running are listed as independents, in part because traditional parties will not place women in viable positions on their candidate lists" (Para 1).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"Egyptian women face a patriarchal culture and are barred from certain public positions, such as judicial posts" (para 8).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2010 of the State party’s initial report (CEDAW/C/ARE/1) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the 2012 and 2015 amendments...to Cabinet Decision No. 319/15F/22 of 2012 on the promotion of women’s participation in the boards of directors of federal authorities, companies and institutions" (pg 1).
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2008 of the State party's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports…in undertaking legislative reform, in particular the adoption of the following legislation…(c) Act No. 243 of 28 May 2012, the Political Harassment and Violence against Women Act, which prohibits all forms of discrimination against women in public and political life" (1-2). "The Committee commends the State party for its progressive laws regarding women’s political participation and protection from gender-based political violence" (8).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"The Committee commends the State party for its achievements in attaining 47 per cent representation of women in Parliament during the presidential and parliamentary elections held in 2014. The Committee is concerned, however, that those achievements were based on voluntary commitments of political parties to increase the participation of women in politics and that proposals to amend the electoral law, with the aim of having more prescriptive measures to accelerate the participation of women in political life, were rejected. The Committee is particularly concerned at the low representation of women in the judiciary, ministerial positions and senior positions in the diplomatic service, and at the regional and local levels of...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the impact of the tinkhundla electoral system, which bans political parties, on the political participation of women. The Committee recommends that the State party introduce temporary special measures, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention, general recommendation No. 25 and general recommendation No. 23 on women in public life, in order to accelerate the full and equal participation of women in elected and appointed bodies, including the judiciary and the diplomatic service. Furthermore, the State party should undertake a comprehensive study on the impediments that the tinkhundla electoral system presents to women who seek to stand for...more