The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-1

Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no restrictions on the role of women in politics. A law on political parties mandates that women make up at least 30 percent of the founding membership of a new political party" (para 116)
Oct. 11, 2018, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Joseph Kabila, president of DRC, signed a law in December that places certain restrictions on political candidates running for national office. One of these includes a provision that requires a deposit of $1,000 before a candidate can run. These requirements indirectly exclude many women from entering the political arena...'This is a fortune for women. Women in the DRC, on average, are making less than $1 per day and are struck by poverty at a much higher rate than men,' said Bihamba. 'This fee basically excludes women from the very start'" (para 2-4). "The electoral law that was passed in December also requires a candidate, in order to be elected to...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"In June the government brought charges against public officials at the Ministry of Health and employees of the private company Astropharma, including the vice president of the National Congress, Lena Gutierrez, and three members of her family" (para 87). This demonstrates that it is not illegal for women to serve in the legislative branch (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Despite an increase in the number of female parliamentarians, political discussions often marginalized female members of parliament. There was one female minister in the Council of Ministers" (para 202). This data point suggests that there are no barriers against women holding legislative offices nor certain executive offices (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Amendments were introduced to the Basic Law of the State (the Constitution) in 2011 concerning legislative and supervisory reforms of the Council of Oman (the Council of State and Consultative Council). The Basic Law of the State entitles a woman to vote and stand for election to the Consultative Council. The Law on the Election of Members of the Consultative Council, issued by Royal Decree No. 58/2013 concerns standing for and voting for the Council and makes no distinction between males and females. The Consultative Council enjoys a number of legislative, economic, social and other authorities" (Pg 16-17). "Women hold positions in various State institutions at different levels. A number...more
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women held three of 17 ministerial positions: justice, tourism, and health. Women also served in other government positions, including as ambassador to France and as regional administrators" (para 89). This indicates that women, at least, are not barred from service in the executive branch (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Furthermore, the Committee reiterates its concern that the binominal electoral system unfavourably impacts women’s political representation" (6). While not a law directly forbidding women from running, the legal set up of bionominal electoral system is a concern in that it may unintentionally limit the amount of women who can successfully run for office (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women participated fully in political life. There were 36 women among the 121 MPs and nine women on the executive council. The chief justice of the Supreme Court was a woman" (6). There appear to be no legal barriers to women holding offices in any offices (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no restrictions in law or practice on participation by women and minorities in politics" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The constitution provides for hereditary rule by males in the emir’s branch of the al-Thani family, which has ruled since 1868" (1). Women may not rule the country (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No specific laws restrict women or minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in government or political parties" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There are no legal impediments to the participation of women or minorities in government and politics" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"While no legal provisions prohibit women from appointment as judges and public prosecutors, the only path to those positions is through work in the prosecutor’s office. As of December 15, the government did not allow additional women to apply to prosecutor positions" (6).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There were no laws or cultural practices preventing women from participating in political life" (17).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Chapter 8, section 352, of the Constitution, despite the prohibition therein of discrimination on the basis of sex in the making of appointments to government posts, still provides that 'nothing in this section shall prevent the appointment of men to the positions that are naturally suitable for men only'" (page 4).
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Under article 22 of the Civil Service Act of Turkmenistan of March 2016, citizens of Turkmenistan who have reached the age of 18 and able to speak one of the official languages of the country have the right, regardless of nationality, race, sex, origin, property and official status, place of residence, language, attitude towards religion, political views, party affiliation or lack of affiliation to any political party, to enter public service, with due account taken of their qualifications, types of training and other restrictions established by the law" (22).
May 31, 2018, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"A prior attempt to legislate a 30 percent gender quota as part of a new electoral law failed last year, and many of the women running are listed as independents, in part because traditional parties will not place women in viable positions on their candidate lists" (Para 1).
May 1, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"Egyptian women face a patriarchal culture and are barred from certain public positions, such as judicial posts" (para 8).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2010 of the State party’s initial report (CEDAW/C/ARE/1) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the 2012 and 2015 amendments...to Cabinet Decision No. 319/15F/22 of 2012 on the promotion of women’s participation in the boards of directors of federal authorities, companies and institutions" (pg 1).
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2008 of the State party's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports…in undertaking legislative reform, in particular the adoption of the following legislation…(c) Act No. 243 of 28 May 2012, the Political Harassment and Violence against Women Act, which prohibits all forms of discrimination against women in public and political life" (1-2). "The Committee commends the State party for its progressive laws regarding women’s political participation and protection from gender-based political violence" (8).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"The Committee commends the State party for its achievements in attaining 47 per cent representation of women in Parliament during the presidential and parliamentary elections held in 2014. The Committee is concerned, however, that those achievements were based on voluntary commitments of political parties to increase the participation of women in politics and that proposals to amend the electoral law, with the aim of having more prescriptive measures to accelerate the participation of women in political life, were rejected. The Committee is particularly concerned at the low representation of women in the judiciary, ministerial positions and senior positions in the diplomatic service, and at the regional and local levels of...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the impact of the tinkhundla electoral system, which bans political parties, on the political participation of women. The Committee recommends that the State party introduce temporary special measures, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention, general recommendation No. 25 and general recommendation No. 23 on women in public life, in order to accelerate the full and equal participation of women in elected and appointed bodies, including the judiciary and the diplomatic service. Furthermore, the State party should undertake a comprehensive study on the impediments that the tinkhundla electoral system presents to women who seek to stand for...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"All Saudi citizens, both male and female, are entitled to participate in public and political life in the Kingdom through participation in decision-making, voting and standing for elections" (32). "There are no legal provisions prohibiting women from exercising the right to vote or stand for elected office. The Municipal Elections Law, which the Committee mentions in paragraph 16 of its list of issues and questions with regard to the consideration of periodic reports, establishes the equal right of male and citizens to vote for and stand for election to municipal councils provided they meet the conditions for doing so" (32). "The right to hold senior and decision-making positions is not...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The efforts made by the State and civil society in awareness raising and capacity building as regards female leadership have enabled women to be more active in political life. That commitment by women has borne fruit in that a woman was a candidate in the 2011 presidential election" (pg 9).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The preamble and articles 9 and 26 of the Amended Basic Law provide for full equality among all Palestinians in rights and obligations, including full political rights and the right to hold public office" (25). "Decree Law No. 1 (2007) on public elections provides for the right of women to stand for election on an equal footing with men without discrimination. The same provisions appear in Law No. 10 (2005) on local council elections. Those laws also guarantee the right of women to run for president, for the Palestinian Legislative Council and for local councils under the same conditions that apply to men" (25).
Feb. 10, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"This nondiscrimination law guarantees legal freedom to a woman to be involved in politics through active exercise of her political rights to elect and to be elected as a member of Parliament or as a President of Uzbekistan" (Para 2). "There is no hesitation that women have a special role in the society of Uzbekistan. A brief analysis of the Uzbek legislation showed that government provides basic constitutional rights, gives opportunity for political engagement of women into decision-making process and guarantees gender equal freedoms" (Para 8).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Ms Ebeidi plans to collect signatures in support of the planned bill, which has been met with criticism by the Iraqi parliamentary women and childhood affairs committee" (para 7). A women MP is proposing new legislation regarding polygamous marriages which other women in parliament are opposing. The presence of these women indicate that there are no barriers to women serving in the legislative branch of government in Iraq, or if there are, they are not significant enough to prevent women's participation (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The head of the Afghan Women Judges’ Association, Shakila Abawi Shagarf, announced last month that there are now 260 female judges in Afghanistan as of this year" (para 1). "23 of the 69 female lawmakers in the Afghan parliament didn’t even turn out for the vote" (para 3). These statistics indicate that women are present in both the judicial and legislative branches of government in Afganistan. It is reasonable to assume that there are no major legal barriers to their participation in these two branches (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 2, 2017, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"In 2011, the late King Abdullah announced that women would have the right to join the Shoura Consultative Council and the right to run and vote in the municipal elections" (para 19).
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"The constitution states that 'women hold equal social status and rights with men'; however, few women reached high levels of the party or the government"(13)