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Latest items for LBHO-LAW-1

April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2010 of the State party’s initial report (CEDAW/C/ARE/1) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the 2012 and 2015 amendments...to Cabinet Decision No. 319/15F/22 of 2012 on the promotion of women’s participation in the boards of directors of federal authorities, companies and institutions" (pg 1).
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2008 of the State party's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports…in undertaking legislative reform, in particular the adoption of the following legislation…(c) Act No. 243 of 28 May 2012, the Political Harassment and Violence against Women Act, which prohibits all forms of discrimination against women in public and political life" (1-2). "The Committee commends the State party for its progressive laws regarding women’s political participation and protection from gender-based political violence" (8).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"The Committee commends the State party for its achievements in attaining 47 per cent representation of women in Parliament during the presidential and parliamentary elections held in 2014. The Committee is concerned, however, that those achievements were based on voluntary commitments of political parties to increase the participation of women in politics and that proposals to amend the electoral law, with the aim of having more prescriptive measures to accelerate the participation of women in political life, were rejected. The Committee is particularly concerned at the low representation of women in the judiciary, ministerial positions and senior positions in the diplomatic service, and at the regional and local levels of ...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the impact of the tinkhundla electoral system, which bans political parties, on the political participation of women. The Committee recommends that the State party introduce temporary special measures, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention, general recommendation No. 25 and general recommendation No. 23 on women in public life, in order to accelerate the full and equal participation of women in elected and appointed bodies, including the judiciary and the diplomatic service. Furthermore, the State party should undertake a comprehensive study on the impediments that the tinkhundla electoral system presents to women who seek to stand for ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"All Saudi citizens, both male and female, are entitled to participate in public and political life in the Kingdom through participation in decision-making, voting and standing for elections" (32). "There are no legal provisions prohibiting women from exercising the right to vote or stand for elected office. The Municipal Elections Law, which the Committee mentions in paragraph 16 of its list of issues and questions with regard to the consideration of periodic reports, establishes the equal right of male and citizens to vote for and stand for election to municipal councils provided they meet the conditions for doing so" (32). "The right to hold senior and decision-making positions is not ...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The efforts made by the State and civil society in awareness raising and capacity building as regards female leadership have enabled women to be more active in political life. That commitment by women has borne fruit in that a woman was a candidate in the 2011 presidential election" (pg 9).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The preamble and articles 9 and 26 of the Amended Basic Law provide for full equality among all Palestinians in rights and obligations, including full political rights and the right to hold public office" (25). "Decree Law No. 1 (2007) on public elections provides for the right of women to stand for election on an equal footing with men without discrimination. The same provisions appear in Law No. 10 (2005) on local council elections. Those laws also guarantee the right of women to run for president, for the Palestinian Legislative Council and for local councils under the same conditions that apply to men" (25).
Feb. 10, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"This nondiscrimination law guarantees legal freedom to a woman to be involved in politics through active exercise of her political rights to elect and to be elected as a member of Parliament or as a President of Uzbekistan" (Para 2). "There is no hesitation that women have a special role in the society of Uzbekistan. A brief analysis of the Uzbek legislation showed that government provides basic constitutional rights, gives opportunity for political engagement of women into decision-making process and guarantees gender equal freedoms" (Para 8).
Feb. 7, 2018, noon
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Furthermore, the Committee reiterates its concern that the binominal electoral system unfavourably impacts women’s political representation" (6). While not a law directly forbidding women from running, the legal set up of bionominal electoral system is a concern in that it may unintentionally limit the amount of women who can successfully run for office (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 2, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women participated fully in political life. There were 36 women among the 121 MPs and nine women on the executive council. The chief justice of the Supreme Court was a woman" (6). There appear to be no legal barriers to women holding offices in any offices (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Ms Ebeidi plans to collect signatures in support of the planned bill, which has been met with criticism by the Iraqi parliamentary women and childhood affairs committee" (para 7). A women MP is proposing new legislation regarding polygamous marriages which other women in parliament are opposing. The presence of these women indicate that there are no barriers to women serving in the legislative branch of government in Iraq, or if there are, they are not significant enough to prevent women's participation (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 13, 2017, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The head of the Afghan Women Judges’ Association, Shakila Abawi Shagarf, announced last month that there are now 260 female judges in Afghanistan as of this year" (para 1). "23 of the 69 female lawmakers in the Afghan parliament didn’t even turn out for the vote" (para 3). These statistics indicate that women are present in both the judicial and legislative branches of government in Afganistan. It is reasonable to assume that there are no major legal barriers to their participation in these two branches (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 2, 2017, 2:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"In 2011, the late King Abdullah announced that women would have the right to join the Shoura Consultative Council and the right to run and vote in the municipal elections" (para 19).
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"The constitution states that 'women hold equal social status and rights with men'; however, few women reached high levels of the party or the government"(13)
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Additionally, the program [a radio program designed by a NGO for women] will discuss the participation in the public life including board members of sporting clubs, and the effective role for female parliamentarians in the parliament"(para 5)
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The organization’s [Amnesty International] research reveals that since January 2016 more than a dozen women’s rights activists in Tehran have been summoned for long, intensive interrogations by the Revolutionary Guards, and threatened with imprisonment on national security-related charges. Many had been involved in a campaign launched in October 2015, which advocated for increased representation of women in Iran’s February 2016 parliamentary election"(para 2)."Amnesty International understands that the interrogations focused, in particular, on two local initiatives: a website called 'Feminist School', which posts reports and articles on issues related to feminist theories and practices and the state of women’s rights in Iran and globally; and the Campaign to Change the Masculine ...more
Aug. 29, 2017, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: East Timor, Nepal, Rwanda
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

“In countries such as Rwanda, Nepal, and East Timor, gender quotas — often implemented pursuant to rewritten constitutions — have sparked more rapid increases [of women in politics]” (2).
July 20, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Morocco’s Law 59-11 of 2011 doubled women’s reserved seats from 30 out of 325 seats (as seen in the 2002 and 2007 parliaments) to 60 out of 395 seats" (para 5).
July 20, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"As for Tunisia, the 2014 constitution enshrined equal political representation by introducing a gender parity clause that stipulated electoral lists alternate male and female candidates" (para 5).
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"There were no laws preventing women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life on the same basis as men or nonminority citizens" (8).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"The law protects the rights of women and minorities to vote, run for office, serve as electoral monitors, and otherwise participate in political life; however, traditional and cultural practices limited the political participation of women and members of indigenous groups" (11).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws or cultural or traditional practices prevented women or minorities from voting or participating in political life on the same basis as men or nonminority citizens, although women were significantly underrepresented in both elected and appointed positions" (22-23).
Feb. 2, 2017, 6:09 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The authorities moved to arrest co-mayors [a male and a female] throughout the Kurdish regions, appointing government trustees to take their place. So far, trustees have been appointed to take over the administration of an estimated 40 of the 103 communities affiliated with the H.D.P [the pro-Kurdish political party]" (para 10)
Jan. 30, 2017, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"In 2014, women are denied notary positions in the Ministry of Justice with the justification that notary licenses are within the general judicial competency in which women are ineligible by law" (para 23).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1, GP-DATA-1, RISW-PRACTICE-2

"Saudi Arabia’s government agreed to abolish the guardianship system twice – in 2009 and 2013 – after a review by the United Nation’s Human Rights Council. It instituted some reforms by, for instance, making it easier for women to work, appointing women to the King’s advisory board, and allowing women to vote and run as candidates in municipal elections. However, these reforms had limitations and stopped short of providing women basic rights" (para 10).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The current parliamentary election law is unfair with respect to ensuring the representation of women. Until now the largest proportion of parliamentary seats is subject to individual system by 80% in the elections, which makes it difficult for women to win seats under the electoral process. It also ignores the need to empower women in front of a community with a male and conservative culture in nature. Party-list system represents only 20% of the seats. The party-list system is considered the optimized system for women's access to parliament. In addition to the lack of strong lists by political forces that can win against any of the religious movements on one ...more
Nov. 27, 2016, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Solemnizing nikaah will no longer be a male bastion in Rajasthan, which got its first women Qazis on Friday in Jahan Ara and Afroz Begum, both 40. The Jaipur-based duo, who completed the two-year training from Mumbai-based Darul Uloom-i-Nisawan, were handed over their certificates for 'Qaziyat' on Friday, which officially call them Qazi Jahan Ara and Qazi Afroz Begum, respectively" (Para 1-2). A Qazi is a judge who reviews civil, judicial and religious matters according to Islamic law. (ML-CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Restrictions of the rights of citizens on the basis of sex are also prohibited in the laws on public discussion of draft laws, on elections to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, on Republic of Uzbekistan presidential elections, on elections to oblast, rayon, and city kengashes [councils] of people’s deputies, and other laws" (8-9)
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

“Prime Minister Erna Solberg paid a warm welcome to the brave female soldiers, saying the was actually glad she had lost the battle for universal conscription to Defense Minister and fellow Conservative Party member Ine Eriksen Søreide back in 2014” (para 3). Because the prime minister is a woman, we can infer that there are no legal barriers to women becoming prime ministers (MM - CODER COMMENT) “Defense Minister Ine Eriksen Søreide has been an active campaigner for universal military service. Now she believes the increased number of women in the military is an occasion for celebration” (para 5). Because the defense minister is a woman, we can infer that ...more
Aug. 7, 2016, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

“The law governing the 2013 parliamentary election required that 30 percent of candidates be women and that they occupy 30 percent of appointed and elected positions. Women constituted 18 percent of members elected to parliament in 2013” (15). “According to the OSCE report on the elections, many parties placed women at the bottom of their electoral lists (all seats in parliament are filled using closed party lists) and the three largest parties failed to meet the mandated 30 percent female quota. The Central Election Commission fined the Democratic Party, the Socialist Party, and the Socialist Movement for Integration for this infraction but accepted their lists nonetheless” (15). “According to the ...more