The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-1

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"The constitution states that 'women hold equal social status and rights with men'; however, few women reached high levels of the party or the government"(13)
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Additionally, the program [a radio program designed by a NGO for women] will discuss the participation in the public life including board members of sporting clubs, and the effective role for female parliamentarians in the parliament"(para 5)
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The organization’s [Amnesty International] research reveals that since January 2016 more than a dozen women’s rights activists in Tehran have been summoned for long, intensive interrogations by the Revolutionary Guards, and threatened with imprisonment on national security-related charges. Many had been involved in a campaign launched in October 2015, which advocated for increased representation of women in Iran’s February 2016 parliamentary election"(para 2)."Amnesty International understands that the interrogations focused, in particular, on two local initiatives: a website called 'Feminist School', which posts reports and articles on issues related to feminist theories and practices and the state of women’s rights in Iran and globally; and the Campaign to Change the Masculine ...more
Aug. 29, 2017, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: East Timor, Nepal, Rwanda
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

“In countries such as Rwanda, Nepal, and East Timor, gender quotas — often implemented pursuant to rewritten constitutions — have sparked more rapid increases [of women in politics]” (2).
July 20, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Morocco’s Law 59-11 of 2011 doubled women’s reserved seats from 30 out of 325 seats (as seen in the 2002 and 2007 parliaments) to 60 out of 395 seats" (para 5).
July 20, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"As for Tunisia, the 2014 constitution enshrined equal political representation by introducing a gender parity clause that stipulated electoral lists alternate male and female candidates" (para 5).
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"There were no laws preventing women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life on the same basis as men or nonminority citizens" (8).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"The law protects the rights of women and minorities to vote, run for office, serve as electoral monitors, and otherwise participate in political life; however, traditional and cultural practices limited the political participation of women and members of indigenous groups" (11).
Feb. 27, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws or cultural or traditional practices prevented women or minorities from voting or participating in political life on the same basis as men or nonminority citizens, although women were significantly underrepresented in both elected and appointed positions" (22-23).
Feb. 2, 2017, 6:09 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The authorities moved to arrest co-mayors [a male and a female] throughout the Kurdish regions, appointing government trustees to take their place. So far, trustees have been appointed to take over the administration of an estimated 40 of the 103 communities affiliated with the H.D.P [the pro-Kurdish political party]" (para 10)
Jan. 30, 2017, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"In 2014, women are denied notary positions in the Ministry of Justice with the justification that notary licenses are within the general judicial competency in which women are ineligible by law" (para 23).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1, GP-DATA-1, RISW-PRACTICE-2

"Saudi Arabia’s government agreed to abolish the guardianship system twice – in 2009 and 2013 – after a review by the United Nation’s Human Rights Council. It instituted some reforms by, for instance, making it easier for women to work, appointing women to the King’s advisory board, and allowing women to vote and run as candidates in municipal elections. However, these reforms had limitations and stopped short of providing women basic rights" (para 10).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The current parliamentary election law is unfair with respect to ensuring the representation of women. Until now the largest proportion of parliamentary seats is subject to individual system by 80% in the elections, which makes it difficult for women to win seats under the electoral process. It also ignores the need to empower women in front of a community with a male and conservative culture in nature. Party-list system represents only 20% of the seats. The party-list system is considered the optimized system for women's access to parliament. In addition to the lack of strong lists by political forces that can win against any of the religious movements on one ...more
Nov. 27, 2016, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Solemnizing nikaah will no longer be a male bastion in Rajasthan, which got its first women Qazis on Friday in Jahan Ara and Afroz Begum, both 40. The Jaipur-based duo, who completed the two-year training from Mumbai-based Darul Uloom-i-Nisawan, were handed over their certificates for 'Qaziyat' on Friday, which officially call them Qazi Jahan Ara and Qazi Afroz Begum, respectively" (Para 1-2). A Qazi is a judge who reviews civil, judicial and religious matters according to Islamic law. (ML-CODER COMMENT)
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Restrictions of the rights of citizens on the basis of sex are also prohibited in the laws on public discussion of draft laws, on elections to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, on Republic of Uzbekistan presidential elections, on elections to oblast, rayon, and city kengashes [councils] of people’s deputies, and other laws" (8-9)
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

“Prime Minister Erna Solberg paid a warm welcome to the brave female soldiers, saying the was actually glad she had lost the battle for universal conscription to Defense Minister and fellow Conservative Party member Ine Eriksen Søreide back in 2014” (para 3). Because the prime minister is a woman, we can infer that there are no legal barriers to women becoming prime ministers (MM - CODER COMMENT) “Defense Minister Ine Eriksen Søreide has been an active campaigner for universal military service. Now she believes the increased number of women in the military is an occasion for celebration” (para 5). Because the defense minister is a woman, we can infer that ...more
Aug. 7, 2016, 6:44 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

“The law governing the 2013 parliamentary election required that 30 percent of candidates be women and that they occupy 30 percent of appointed and elected positions. Women constituted 18 percent of members elected to parliament in 2013” (15). “According to the OSCE report on the elections, many parties placed women at the bottom of their electoral lists (all seats in parliament are filled using closed party lists) and the three largest parties failed to meet the mandated 30 percent female quota. The Central Election Commission fined the Democratic Party, the Socialist Party, and the Socialist Movement for Integration for this infraction but accepted their lists nonetheless” (15). “According to the ...more
July 27, 2016, 5:19 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, NGOFW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

"No Government or legal impediments exist to women holding positions in non-governmental organizations or elsewhere, and this is represented by the fact women occupy a significant number of the top positions among mixed service organizations as well as have several organizations of their own, including an umbrella body, NOW. The lack of legal impediments to holding positions of authority is also reflected in the presence of a vibrant Institute for Gender and Development Studies at the Barbados campus (Cave Hill Campus) of the government-supported University of the West Indies (UWI). Government regularly seeks the advice of many of these women’s organizations and that of experienced individual feminists. These women also ...more
July 19, 2016, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"There have been increases in women’s overall participation in national leadership and decision making, and an increased commitment to accelerating the achievement of gender equality and equity in political participation and representation of women in public life. The statistics demonstrate the improvement in the participation and representation of women in public life. In January 2013, the Inter-Parliamentary Union’s world classification of women elected to parliament ranks Trinidad and Tobago as 33rd with a 28.6% representation in the Lower House or House of Representatives and a 22.6% representation in the Upper House or Senate. In local government, women account for an average of 32% of mayors, aldermen and local councillors. A ...more
May 31, 2016, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Given the fact that the state legislations and policies are non-discriminatory, every individual in Bhutan has the equal right to participate and represent the Royal Government and Bhutan at all levels" (26).
May 21, 2016, 1:12 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"In the British Virgin Islands, women have the right to vote, contest general elections, and hold political and other public offices" (10).
May 14, 2016, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"Women and persons of African descent were represented in government, but indigenous people were not" (10).
May 1, 2016, 12:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"For the first time in Saudi history, women were allowed to vote and run for office" (1)
April 8, 2016, 2:29 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"According to the Iranian Law, women are not allowed to hold certain jobs such as presidency, judgeship and working in the armed forces, and the number of jobs women are allowed to hold is decreasing by day with new bans being announced frequently" (2). "The Iranian laws officially guarantee exclusion of women. Women cannot be elected as the president, cannot be judges, or employed in the army and in the main branches of the police force. Item 115 of the Iranian Constitution declares that the president should be elected from among political and religious “men”. The guidelines for appointment of judges in the judiciary system states: 'Judges should be elected ...more
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"Women in Israel are eligible to vote in all elections and to be elected to every public office, as well as to serve in publicly elected positions, partake in the formulation of all aspects of Government policies and their implementation, as detailed throughout this Article" (67).
March 29, 2016, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Committee [the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women] also notes with concern that the Office of the Public Prosecution does not appoint women to the post of prosecutors and that the High Council of the Judiciary refrains from appointing women as judges" (9)
March 14, 2016, 11:26 a.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"To further strengthen the comprehensive approach to achieving equality between women and men and gender mainstreaming the financial incentives to political parties to encourage recruitment of women candidates were introduced at the legislative level by the Parliament of Georgia in 2011. In this respect, Georgia will provide financial incentives to political parties to encourage them recruit women candidates in their party lists for the parliamentary elections, under the new Election Code adopted at the end of December 2011. According to these changes in the legislation, some portion of the state funding allocated for political parties will be linked to the proportion of women in the party lists. The organic law ...more
March 4, 2016, 9:13 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"...Azita has been a member of the country’s fairly new parliament for four years. Elected to the Wolesi Jirga, one of the legislative branches installed a few years after the 2001 defeat of the Taliban, she had promised her rural voters in Badghis province that she would direct more of the foreign aid influx to their poor, far-flung corner of Afghanistan...Azita is one of few women with a voice, but to many, she remains a provocation, since her life is different from that of most women in Afghanistan and a threat to those who subjugate them"(2)
March 3, 2016, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"The Constitution, Act No. 24/96 of 6 June 1996 on political parties and Act No. 7/96 of 12 March 1996 on political elections, as amended, ensure for citizens of both sexes the right to equal exercise of political rights and equal access to all public bodies and institutions" (16)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1

"For instance, according to the IRI Constitution, many high ranking positions in the IRI are exclusively tailored for Shi’ite fuqaha (jurists) and mujtahids (Islamic jurists who are capable of an independent derivation of Islamic rules from the primary sources). These include: the Supreme Leader (Article 109), the Head of the Judiciary (Article 157), the six members of the Guardian Council (Article 91), the General Attorney and the Head of the Supreme Court (Article 162). Although there is no requirement of male gender stipulated in the Constitution, this level of religious status has been under the domination of men. No woman has been ever appointed, nor even nominated, for these positions ...more