The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-2

Nov. 8, 2017, noon
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Most recently, a 2014 law requires that half of all the candidates fielded by a political party in federal or state legislative elections be women" (para 24).
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"It [the radio program designed by a NGO to support women] also will address political participation for women, the role of local councils, the importance of women's participation in the local councils, women's quota as stated in the Constitution"(para 5)
Aug. 29, 2017, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The goal [of violence against female politicians]: to turn back progress ushered in by a new gender quota, implemented as part of a 2010 constitutional overhaul, that has vaulted more women into positions of power in Kenya than ever before" (1). "This is part of the story in Kenya, where the 2010 constitution established a gender quota mandating that neither gender hold more than two-thirds of the positions in any government entity (thereby ensuring that a minimum of one-third plus one of parliamentarians and members of local county assemblies are women)" (3).
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

By decision of the Central Committee of State Employees, 50 percent of staff should be women. (LAI: P1)
July 20, 2017, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"On May 4, Algeria will hold its second legislative election since the introduction of women’s quota system in 2012. Many are set to see whether female legislators will be able to play a more pivotal role in the political realm" (para 1). "Algeria introduced Law 12-03 of 2012, which required political parties to include female candidates on their party lists, with higher quotas set for larger constituencies" (para 5).
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee is, however, concerned at the lack of statutory temporary special measures, including quotas, to address the underrepresentation of women, including ethnic and other minority women, in decision-making positions in the public and private sectors, as well as in political life, especially in the parliament. The Committee is particularly concerned that rather than statutory quotas, the State party continues to use less effective voluntary initiatives and other incentives such as higher evaluations for companies during the bidding process for public procurement" (5)
May 19, 2017, 8:54 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has praised Somalia’s government for agreeing Thursday to hold elections this year to a new two-chamber parliament in which women will hold nearly a third of seats" (para 1). "The UN chief 'particularly applauds the commitment to representation of women and minority groups, including that women will comprise 30% of the next parliament,' the statement said" (para 3).
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The election law provides for representation of women within the HoR; of the 200 seats in the parliament, 32 are reserved for women" (22).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"As a condition to running for local races, the CEP required that each mayoral cartel (with three candidates) include one woman. Election laws since 2008 provide significant financial incentives for political parties to field women candidates, but parties consistently failed to meet the incentive criteria. The 2015 electoral decree includes such provisions, but only 10 percent of the government’s funding available for support to candidates and political parties was used for various incentives, including rewarding parties fielding higher numbers of female candidates" (20).
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution requires that one-third of each party list of electoral candidates be women but does not require the parties to choose women for seats" (8).
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The electoral code requires at least 30 percent of candidates for any party competing for seats in the National Assembly to be women. Not every party adhered to this rule, which was not enforced" (17-18).
March 14, 2017, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"At the local level, women have made significantly greater gains in political representation due to a 2009 constitutional reform that approved a 50 percent seat reservation for women—thirteen states have successfully adopted the quota" (para 3).
March 10, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"The US also has no quota system in place for gender parity in Congress, and women held 19 percent of seats in 2016" (para 7).
March 10, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"Japan has no quota system for female representation in parliament, and the percent of women in the Diet was 9.5 in 2016" (para 7).
March 10, 2017, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Since 1946, Taiwan’s constitution guaranteed 10 percent representation for women in the legislative bodies at all levels of government. After 1999, the number of reserved seats in the Legislative Yuan (LY) for women increased to 25 percent, and quotas will be phased out after 50 percent representation is achieved" (para 7).
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2013 the Legislative Assembly approved a law stipulating 30 percent of all candidates in municipal, legislative, and city council elections must be women" (14).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"A presidential decree requires that women hold at least 20 percent of all high-level public service positions, although the government has never implemented the decree" (20).
Feb. 2, 2017, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"During the year, as part of a larger reform to the electoral processes, the legislature passed a law to provide for greater gender parity among elected officials by requiring that political parties present at least 40 percent female candidates for public office" (8).
Feb. 2, 2017, 7:41 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"South Korea, as Moon points out, does now have an electoral quota system which requires political parties to include at least 30 per cent of female candidates in their district nominations and 50 per cent of appointed proportional representatives" (para 14).
Jan. 30, 2017, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2013, Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah appointed 30 prominent Saudi women to his advisory Shura Council" (para 23).
Jan. 26, 2017, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, VOTE-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"A constitutional amendment in 2015 mandated that women be given equal say in electing and participating in governments in indigenous communities, which have the right to run their own affairs" (para 13).
Jan. 9, 2017, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution reserves 30 percent of seats in the national assembly, the senate, and the communal councils for women... The constitution provides for 30 percent of seats in government for women, and government institutions absorbed persons after the elections in order to meet gender, as well as ethnic, quota requirements" (26).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

“In September the king, ratified a new Political Parties Law that places supervisory authority of political parties in the Ministry of Political and Parliamentary Affairs, rather than the Ministry of Interior. Political parties must have 150 founding members, all of whom must be citizens habitually resident in the country, and cannot be a member of another non-Jordanian political organization, a judge, or affiliated with the security services. The new law eliminated the need for a woman’s quota in founding a new political party. Parties may not be formed on the basis of religion, sect, race, gender, or origin” (24, 25). “On December 16, the king ratified a Decentralization Law that ...more
Dec. 29, 2016, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The gender law, which took effect during the 2012 joint elections, requires political parties to name women to fill at least 30 percent of the positions on their candidate lists in legislative and municipal elections. The law provides financial incentives for political parties that reach the 30 percent requirement and mandates fines ranging from 2,500 CFA francs to five million CFA francs ($4.33 to $8,670) for parties that fail to comply with the law" (14).
Dec. 12, 2016, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"While the law requires that at least 40 percent of a political party’s candidates be women, women won election to 13 percent (two out of 15) of the positions in the BiH House of Peoples" (16).
Dec. 2, 2016, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In the 2010 local elections, a minimum 30 per cent quota for the representation of both, women and men in the candidate list applied; in the 2008 and 2011 National Assembly elections, the applicable quota was 25 and 35 per cent, respectively" (13)
Sept. 12, 2016, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Jordan, Kenya, Mongolia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Reserved seat quotas for parliament range from 10% in Jordan to 33% in Kenya, and candidate list quotas range from 20% in Mongolia to 50% in Tunisia" (11).
Sept. 12, 2016, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia, D R Congo
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Although candidate list quotas in both Bolivia and the Democratic Republic of Congo are 50%, representation of women in the Bolivian parliament is 53% and in the Democratic Republic of Congo it is just 9%" (11).
Sept. 12, 2016, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Reserved seat quotas for parliament range from 10% in Jordan to 33% in Kenya, and candidate list quotas range from 20% in Mongolia to 50% in Tunisia" (11). "Tunisia’s new electoral law introduced a 50% gender quota on candidate lists" (11).
Sept. 12, 2016, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Haiti, Pakistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Pakistan introduced a 22% quota for women in local governments and Haiti’s new Electoral Law provides that one out of three city council members must be a woman" (11).