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Latest items for LBHO-LAW-2

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee regrets that Act No. 18.476 of 3 April 2009, which provides for the equal political participation of women and men in elected bodies, was applied only once during the elections of 2014" (page 9).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Political Participation Act contains special temporary measures (Act No. 18476, appendix); these were covered in the 2012 follow-up report. They will be applied during the 2014–2015 electoral process, which is a very short deadline for generating changes in women’s political participation. A bill to extend the applicability of the law has been tabled and is being debated. Act No. 19122 and its Regulatory Decree No. 144/014 establish special temporary measures for 15 years, including a provision that 8 per cent of jobs be filled each year by persons of African descent in all branches of the State, the Court of Accounts, the Electoral Court, the Court of Claims, departmental...more
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2007, the ACT Government set a target of achieving and maintaining 50 per cent representation of women on its boards and committees. In 2012, ACT Government boards and committees achieved 47 per cent female membership" (G).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the constitutional requirement that women comprise 40 per cent of the Zanzibar House of Representatives and 30 per cent of the National Assembly. It notes that the Village Land Act (1999) requires that three of the five or seven members of village land councils be women" (page 5). "The Committee welcomes the successful implementation of temporary special measures (through reserved seats) at the parliamentary level, which resulted in a significant increase in the representation of women in the National Assembly (36.6 per cent) following the recent elections. It also notes with appreciation the high representation of women in the Government (32.3 per cent) . . . The...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Councils are actively working to support diversity within their organization to better reflect the communities they serve. As part of this, they are carrying out specific initiatives to increase the representation of women at senior levels within council and to increase the diversity of the boards of council-controlled organizations . . . In 2014 the Government Women’s Network (GWN) was established to increase the impact of gender diversity action across government. GWN connects employee-led diversity and inclusion initiatives across government and also connects organizational development efforts linked to diversity, leadership and workforce" (page 12). "Government has an aspirational goal of 45 per cent participation of women on State sector boards....more
June 25, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Under the National Action Plan the ministries and departments concerned and public organizations will be involved in the process of reviewing the need for quotas aimed at accelerating women’s equal representation in all spheres of public, political and professional life, including the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of development strategies and public projects" (15).
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that, in section 90 (3) of the Constitution, it is stipulated that due regard should be given to gender equality in the process of preparing the list of candidates by political parties and that an organic bill on political party is currently being prepared to provide further guidance. It remains concerned, however, that no temporary special measures have been adopted to date to increase the representation of women in political and public life" (9).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee is concerned that, seven years after the adoption of the new Constitution, the rule that no more than two thirds of representatives of elective public bodies are to be of the same gender (the two-thirds gender rule), is still not being implemented" (4)
May 29, 2018, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Government measures to increase the number of women in politics, including the Political Parties Integrity Law, had so far not delivered the desired result" (7). The report does not indicate exactly what the measures entail, but most likely it is some form of incentive or quota that is meant to encourage women's participation in goverment positions (AA-CODER COMMENT).
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to ensure substantive equality of women and men by, among other things, seeking to implement the national gender policy through its strategic implementation framework and plan, which set the objective of having a 35 per cent quota for women occupying appointed and elected positions. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned: That the 35 per cent quota and other measures, including the 'Community Services, Women and Youth Employment” and “Growing Girls and Women in Nigeria' projects, lack a legislative basis that would ensure their enforcement" (6). "The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to ensure substantive equality of women and men by, among other things,...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2009 of the State party's combined initial to seventh periodic reports...in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of: (a) The Electoral Decree of February 2015, establishing a minimum quota of 30 per cent for female candidates on voting lists for municipal and local elections, and providing for financial incentives for political parties to encourage compliance with such quota...(d) The constitutional amendment to article 17.1 establishing a minimum quota of 30 per cent for women’s representation at all levels of political and public, particularly in public services, in 2011" (1-2). "The Committee welcomes the constitutional amendment of 2012 adopting a...more
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"The Committee acknowledges the successful implementation of mandatory quotas for national, local and European elections, which resulted in a significant increase in the representation of Slovenian women in the national parliament (35.6 per cent), local councils (31.8 per cent) and the European Parliament (50 per cent)" (8).
May 2, 2018, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Neither Japan nor the Philippines has a quota for female representation in national politics" (para 6).
May 2, 2018, 9:28 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Of all East Asian societies, the Philippines is the most advanced in integrating women’s rights and development through legal codes and administrative practices. For example, the Local Government Code of 1991 deepened democratisation by decentralising power and by requiring all local and provincial governments to include women, and other underrepresented groups, in governance" (para 4). "Neither Japan nor the Philippines has a quota for female representation in national politics" (para 6).
May 2, 2018, 9:28 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"South Korea does have an electoral quota system, which requires political parties to include at least 30 per cent of female candidates in their district nominations and 50 per cent of appointed proportional representatives" (para 7). "Since 1996 a similar 30 per cent quota has existed for civil service positions. As the number of women in civil service positions grew, the government also set a 30 per cent quota for men in 2003 to combat fears that men were getting ‘left behind’" (para 8).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"During its spring legislative session, the National Assembly passed a law on elections to the National Assembly and People’s Councils that went into effect June 1. The new law requires quotas for the percentage of final candidates for election to the National Assembly who are ethnic minorities (18 percent) and women (35 percent) and to the People’s Council who are women (35 percent)" (34). "The new law on elections to the National Assembly and People’s Councils requires 35percent of final candidates for these two bodies to be women and 18 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly to be from minority groups" (36).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The application of statutory quotas for the representation of women in organs of the legislative, executive and judicial branches has been rejected by the Federal Court under the existing legal framework" (Pg 11).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Amendments to the Electoral Code (Law No. 74/2012) of 19 July 2012 which require that at least 30 per cent of candidates on electoral lists of political parties and one third of the top-ranked candidates for each electoral constituency be from either gender" (Pg 2). "The Committee commends the State party on introducing temporary special measures, including quotas for the representation of both sexes in the Electoral Code (2012), in the State Police and in the armed forces, as well as economic support to women entrepreneurs. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of monitoring of the implementation, and of information on, the impact of such temporary measures on...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In order to enhance the presence of women in political and decision-making bodies, Burkina Faso adopted Act No. 010-2009/AN of 16 April 2009, which establishes quotas for legislative and municipal elections. Under article 3 of the Act, every political party must ensure that its candidate lists effectively include at least 30 per cent of persons of either gender on pain of forfeiting 50 per cent of the public funding to which parties are entitled. Any party or group of parties which, in the final results, attains or exceeds 30 per cent of elected candidates of either gender is entitled to financial aid (article 6). Awareness-raising activities have been organized for...more
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee takes note of the political will at the highest level to increase the percentage of women in decision-making positions and welcomes the Cabinet Decision No. 319/15F/22 on the promotion of women’s participation in the boards of directors of federal authorities, companies and institutions. The Committee is, however, concerned about the absence of a clear strategy to translate political will into reality, in particular temporary special measures to promote the substantive equality of women and men" (pg 5).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the efforts of the State party to increase the representation of women in political and public life, which have steadily reaped results. However, the Committee is concerned that the parity law of 2006 establishes a minimum quota of 33.3 per cent for candidates of each sex on electoral lists for European, national and local elections, whereas parity may be seen as meaning equal (50-50) representation. In addition, the Committee notes that the parity law has had a limited effect at the local level and that its effectiveness is hampered by the leniency of the sanctions applied in the event of failure to comply with the quota. The...more
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Law No. 7/2011 of 22 June 2011 amending the parliamentarian electoral law and establishing electoral lists of standing and alternate candidates, which must include at least one woman in each group of three candidates" (2). "The Committee welcomes the special measures introduced at the national and local levels to increase the representation of women in the National Parliament and in the village and subvillage councils through the quotas set by Law No. 7/2011 of June 2011 and Law No. 3/2009 of June 2009, respectively" (8).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) National plan to combat human trafficking, in 2015; (b) Gender and elections strategy, covering the period 2015-2020, aimed at enhancing the representation and participation of women in decision-making" (page 2). "The Committee calls upon the State party to adopt and implement temporary special measures to increase the representation of women in governance and other sectors, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention and in line with the Committee’s general recommendation No. 25 (2004)...more
April 2, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"French President Emmanuel Macron has unveiled a gender-balanced cabinet in accordance with an earlier pledge, with 11 of 22 posts taken by women" (para 1). While this is not in accordance with any known law about a quota, the fact that the party in power had made a pledge to create a more gender-balanced cabinet indicates that gender-issues are a topic of discourse within the society and the parties are taking it seriously, with or without official legal quotas in effect (AA-CODER COMMENT).
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2008 of the State party's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports…in undertaking legislative reform, in particular the adoption of the following legislation…(e) Electoral System Act, No. 026 of 30 June 2010, which covers the application of the principles of gender equity, gender parity and alternation in the procedures for proposing, preselecting and electing persons for public office" (1-2). "The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To adopt temporary special measures, including statutory quotas, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No. 25, to promote the equal participation of women, especially indigenous...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to ensure de facto equality of women and men by, among other things, amending the Elections Law, which now provides that lists of candidates fielded by political parties should contain a minimum of 30 per cent of each gender" (6).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the State party has established a minimum quota of 30 per cent for women candidates on the electoral lists of political parties for parliamentary elections" (3).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Since 2008, notable progress has been made with women’s participation in institutions, including government, parliament, elective local authority positions (the Constitution requires at least 30% female representation" (5). "The representation of women in decision-making for a set by the Constitution at at least 30%" (13). "Burundi has taken care to observe that provision in the Constitution, which provides for at least 30% women in the National Assembly, the Senate, the Government, and community councils. Article 181 of the Electoral Code of 2009 provides that “the Communal Council shall comprise 15 members, including 30% women.” That was not the case in 2008 when there were no 30% minimum quotas required by...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, GP-DATA-1

"While noting the measures taken by the State party to promote the participation of women in political life, such as the appointment of a female Vice-President, the Committee is concerned that the participation of women in political and public life remains very low. It is particularly concerned: (a) That women’s representation in the National Assembly remains very low and has even decreased from 13.2 per cent in 2002 to 9.4 per cent in 2015; (b) That women are underrepresented in local councils; (c) That only 4 of 19 ministries are headed by women and there are no women governors or mayors. In line with its general recommendation No. 23 on...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 1475 (2011), which establishes a 30 per cent quota for women in the electoral lists by the political parties...It notes the compliance with the 30 per cent representation quota for women in the executive branch; however, it is concerned at women’s low representation at high levels of decision-making in other government institutions and the judiciary." (Pg 8).