The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-2

June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law reserves at least 20 seats in the National Assembly for women" (p. 14).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law mandates that women fill at least 30 percent of senior government positions and at least 15 percent of elected seats" (Pg 13).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"Electoral laws require at least one-third of candidates on party lists be women" (p. 10).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"There are quotas for women in the lower house of parliament, governorate councils, municipal councils, and local councils" (26). "There is no quota for women when founding a new political party" (26).
June 7, 2019, 8 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law promotes the participation of women in local government by requiring that at least one of three candidates contesting elections in each ward or village be of a gender different from the others. One-third of elected candidates in the 2012 village and municipal elections were women" (p. 9).
June 4, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law provides for the allocation of onethird of the seats in the municipal, urban, and community councils to women. The law also states a political party registered with the Independent Electoral Commission must facilitate the full participation of women, youth, and persons with disabilities. Party lists for the 40 proportional representation seats in the National Assembly must include equal numbers of women and men" (p. 11).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Prior to the outbreak of conflict, the 2014 NDC outcomes included a 30-percent quota for women in all branches of government" (30).
May 27, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Although the gender quota law requires political parties to name women to fill at least 30 percent of the positions on their candidate lists in legislative and municipal elections, no political party met this requirement during the May 2016 and the May 28, 2017, make-up municipal elections" (p. 13).
May 21, 2019, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law requires that the “less represented gender” make up at least 40 percent of candidates on a party’s candidate list, with violations punishable by a fine. This law applied to local elections for the first time in May… The law stipulates fines of between 20,000 to 50,000 kuna ($3,100 to $7,700) per electoral list against parties not meeting the threshold at the third regular election following the entry of force of the law, which was considered to be the May local elections. There were no reports of fines being imposed on political parties during the year" (p. 10).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution mandates that women constitute at least 25 percent of parliamentary and provincial council membership" (35).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Federal Equality Act (2015) and Act on the Equal Participation of Women and Men in Leadership Positions (2015)" (2)
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Section 11B of the Representation of People’s Act, Chapter 1:03 allows for the inclusive participation of women in decision-making processes, if at least one-third of the list of representatives of each political party wishing to contest the national and local elections must be women" (9-10).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"No laws limit participation of woman and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The law requires 35 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly and provincial people’s councils to be women and 18 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly to be from minority groups" (27).
April 25, 2019, 9:05 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"As per a directive by H. H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the UAE, Emirati women must occupy 50 per cent of the Federal National Council’s (FNC) seats. Currently, there are 8 women members in FNC representing 20 per cent of the 40 available seats" (Para 19).
April 22, 2019, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process" (p. 21).
April 19, 2019, 10:23 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The electoral code requires that at least 20 percent of each party’s candidates in internal party primaries be women, and parties followed the requirement" (p. 13).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"the proposal of the amendments to the Electoral Law aiming at increasing the quota for less represented gender on candidate lists to 50 per cent, and the Law on the Council of Ministers of BiH proposing to introduce a quota of 40 per cent of the less represented gender" (6-7). "Latest amendments to the Election Law of BiH have set the quota of at least 40 per cent of representatives of the less represented sex on candidate lists, resulting that percentage of women candidates in 2014 general election was 43.6 per cent in FBiH" (16). "According to 2013 Amendments and changes to the BiH Election Law, proportional representation exists when...more
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law provides an additional 15 percent in campaign funding to municipal party lists composed of at least one-third women" (32).
April 1, 2019, 7:43 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A 2015 gender parity law designed to increase the participation of women in Congress entered into force during the 2017 congressional election cycle. The law requires political parties to limit the candidacies of any one gender to no more than 60 percent and provides economic incentives for female candidates" (p.8).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The election law provides a general mandate for quotas for female and ethnic minority representatives, but achieving these quotas often required election authorities to violate the election law" (page 46).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"Election law, however, requires that political parties 'endeavor to ensure 30 percent' female participation; while this provision has no enforcement mechanism, there was a 16 percent uptick in the number of female candidates listed for the legislative race of the 2017 election cycle" (19).
March 22, 2019, 8:47 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"March the government of New Brunswick implemented a plan--the first in the country’s history--to provide financial incentives to political parties to field more female candidates in provincial elections" (p. 8).
March 20, 2019, 11:36 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Ruling party policy--the Zebra system--provides for 50 percent of Swapo candidates for parliament to be women" (8).
March 15, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law reserves seats for women in municipal governments. Both Port Vila and Luganville municipal councils have reserved seats for women, and in 2015 Luganville voters elected a woman to an open seat. Women interested in running for public office received encouragement from the Vanuatu Council of Women and the Department of Women’s Affairs, which also offered training programs" (7).
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In accordance with national regulations and the provisions of Act No. 2/2015, Constitutional Court judgment C-285/2016 and Agreements 10553/2016 and 10548/2016, the judiciary has incorporated gender equity as a principle and selection criterion in preparing candidate lists for the higher courts, as is evidenced by women’s representation on 43 lists for the appointment of judges: 34 per cent in the case of the Council of State and 33 per cent for the Supreme Court" (21).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"18. By Presidential decree No. 384 of 6 December 2016, the conceptual framework for family and gender policy in Kazakhstan up to the year 2030 (hereinafter — the conceptual framework) was approved, in which the target indicator is that the proportion of women in the executive, representative and judiciary bodies and the State, quasi-state and corporate sectors at the decision-making level should reach 22 per cent by 2020, 25 per cent by 2023 and 30 per cent by 2030" (4).
March 7, 2019, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In May 2016 the Supreme Elections Tribunal imposed strict gender quotas for political parties... the electoral code requires that a minimum of 50 percent of candidates for elective office be women, with their names placed alternately with men on the ballots by party slate"(9).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law reserves 20 seats in the National Assembly for women" (page 14).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution specifies a minimum number of seats for women and minorities in the two houses of parliament. For the Wolesi Jirga (lower house of the National Assembly), the constitution mandates that at least two women shall be elected from each province (for a total of 68)" (23). "The constitution also mandates one-half of presidential appointees must be women" (23).
March 6, 2019, 6:01 a.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"On December 15, a Gender Parity Law came into force, requiring any electoral list of candidates for national legislative office to contain equal percentages of male and female candidates" (p. 12).