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Latest items for LBHO-LAW-2

April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The application of statutory quotas for the representation of women in organs of the legislative, executive and judicial branches has been rejected by the Federal Court under the existing legal framework" (Pg 11).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Amendments to the Electoral Code (Law No. 74/2012) of 19 July 2012 which require that at least 30 per cent of candidates on electoral lists of political parties and one third of the top-ranked candidates for each electoral constituency be from either gender" (Pg 2). "The Committee commends the State party on introducing temporary special measures, including quotas for the representation of both sexes in the Electoral Code (2012), in the State Police and in the armed forces, as well as economic support to women entrepreneurs. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of monitoring of the implementation, and of information on, the impact of such temporary measures on ...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In order to enhance the presence of women in political and decision-making bodies, Burkina Faso adopted Act No. 010-2009/AN of 16 April 2009, which establishes quotas for legislative and municipal elections. Under article 3 of the Act, every political party must ensure that its candidate lists effectively include at least 30 per cent of persons of either gender on pain of forfeiting 50 per cent of the public funding to which parties are entitled. Any party or group of parties which, in the final results, attains or exceeds 30 per cent of elected candidates of either gender is entitled to financial aid (article 6). Awareness-raising activities have been organized for ...more
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee takes note of the political will at the highest level to increase the percentage of women in decision-making positions and welcomes the Cabinet Decision No. 319/15F/22 on the promotion of women’s participation in the boards of directors of federal authorities, companies and institutions. The Committee is, however, concerned about the absence of a clear strategy to translate political will into reality, in particular temporary special measures to promote the substantive equality of women and men" (pg 5).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the efforts of the State party to increase the representation of women in political and public life, which have steadily reaped results. However, the Committee is concerned that the parity law of 2006 establishes a minimum quota of 33.3 per cent for candidates of each sex on electoral lists for European, national and local elections, whereas parity may be seen as meaning equal (50-50) representation. In addition, the Committee notes that the parity law has had a limited effect at the local level and that its effectiveness is hampered by the leniency of the sanctions applied in the event of failure to comply with the quota. The ...more
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Law No. 7/2011 of 22 June 2011 amending the parliamentarian electoral law and establishing electoral lists of standing and alternate candidates, which must include at least one woman in each group of three candidates" (2). "The Committee welcomes the special measures introduced at the national and local levels to increase the representation of women in the National Parliament and in the village and subvillage councils through the quotas set by Law No. 7/2011 of June 2011 and Law No. 3/2009 of June 2009, respectively" (8).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption of the following: (a) National plan to combat human trafficking, in 2015; (b) Gender and elections strategy, covering the period 2015-2020, aimed at enhancing the representation and participation of women in decision-making" (page 2). "The Committee calls upon the State party to adopt and implement temporary special measures to increase the representation of women in governance and other sectors, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention and in line with the Committee’s general recommendation No. 25 (2004) ...more
April 2, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"French President Emmanuel Macron has unveiled a gender-balanced cabinet in accordance with an earlier pledge, with 11 of 22 posts taken by women" (para 1). While this is not in accordance with any known law about a quota, the fact that the party in power had made a pledge to create a more gender-balanced cabinet indicates that gender-issues are a topic of discourse within the society and the parties are taking it seriously, with or without official legal quotas in effect (AA-CODER COMMENT).
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2008 of the State party's combined second, third and fourth periodic reports…in undertaking legislative reform, in particular the adoption of the following legislation…(e) Electoral System Act, No. 026 of 30 June 2010, which covers the application of the principles of gender equity, gender parity and alternation in the procedures for proposing, preselecting and electing persons for public office" (1-2). "The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To adopt temporary special measures, including statutory quotas, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No. 25, to promote the equal participation of women, especially indigenous ...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to ensure de facto equality of women and men by, among other things, amending the Elections Law, which now provides that lists of candidates fielded by political parties should contain a minimum of 30 per cent of each gender" (6).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the State party has established a minimum quota of 30 per cent for women candidates on the electoral lists of political parties for parliamentary elections" (3).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Since 2008, notable progress has been made with women’s participation in institutions, including government, parliament, elective local authority positions (the Constitution requires at least 30% female representation" (5). "The representation of women in decision-making for a set by the Constitution at at least 30%" (13). "Burundi has taken care to observe that provision in the Constitution, which provides for at least 30% women in the National Assembly, the Senate, the Government, and community councils. Article 181 of the Electoral Code of 2009 provides that “the Communal Council shall comprise 15 members, including 30% women.” That was not the case in 2008 when there were no 30% minimum quotas required by ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, GP-DATA-1

"While noting the measures taken by the State party to promote the participation of women in political life, such as the appointment of a female Vice-President, the Committee is concerned that the participation of women in political and public life remains very low. It is particularly concerned: (a) That women’s representation in the National Assembly remains very low and has even decreased from 13.2 per cent in 2002 to 9.4 per cent in 2015; (b) That women are underrepresented in local councils; (c) That only 4 of 19 ministries are headed by women and there are no women governors or mayors. In line with its general recommendation No. 23 on ...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 1475 (2011), which establishes a 30 per cent quota for women in the electoral lists by the political parties...It notes the compliance with the 30 per cent representation quota for women in the executive branch; however, it is concerned at women’s low representation at high levels of decision-making in other government institutions and the judiciary." (Pg 8).
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"With regard to political participation, on 14 February 2013 the Legislative Assembly adopted Decree No. 307, which contains amendments to articles 37 and 88 of the Political Parties Act. These articles constitute a temporary measure (2013-2027), intended while they are in force to create the necessary conditions for political parties to place on their slates at least the established percentage (30 per cent) of women candidates for popularly elected positions" (18-19).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CL-DATA-1, LO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes with appreciation the introduction of temporary special measures to accelerate women’s political participation, but remains concerned that no other temporary special measures have been introduced as part of a necessary strategy to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality of women and men in all areas of the Convention in which women are underrepresented or disadvantaged, including with regard to access to land and higher education and to the increased feminization of poverty. The Committee encourages the State party to use temporary special measures, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No. 25 on the subject, as a necessary component of ...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2007 of the State party’s combined fourth to sixth periodic reports (CEDAW/C/GIN/4-6) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption in 2010 of the following...(b) New Electoral Code, establishing a 30 per cent quota for women’s representation on electoral lists" (2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of articles 103, 115 and 129 of the Electoral Code, establishing a 30 per cent quota for women’s representation on electoral lists for national and local elections...It also notes the creation of a caucus of women members of the National Assembly" (9).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned that, notwithstanding the constitutional provision that sets a goal of achieving at least 30 per cent representation of women in Parliament, women remain underrepresented at decision-making levels, including in Parliament, the judiciary and the diplomatic service. The Committee is particularly concerned that the quota for the appointment of women to Parliament from the four regions of the State party has not been implemented, allegedly owing to the lack of enabling legislation. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the impact of the tinkhundla electoral system, which bans political parties, on the political participation of women. The Committee recommends that the State party ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Royal Order No. A/44 of 29/2/1434 A.H. (12/01/2013) amending article 3 of the Shura Council Law. The order provides for women to serve as full members of the Shura Council and to hold a minimum of 20 per cent of the seats on the Council, whereas previously women participated in its proceedings only as advisors" (21).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2014 political parity was guaranteed for the registration of candidacies for federal and local congress (Electoral Policy Reform to Article 41 of the Constitution). In 2016 Articles 7 and 47 of the Federal Law for Responsibilities of Public Servants were reformed, to penalize violations of the DH and those who discriminate against women and refuse to apply legislation that protects their rights" (page 6). "Since 2014, derived from the electoral policy Constitutional Reform, gender equality is guaranteed in the candidacy for the Congress of the Union and Local Congresses, amplifying political rights of women. This year, the Federal Code of Institutions and Electoral Proceedings was repealed and replaced by ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A Women’s Caucus was established in Parliament in 2006 comprising women Parliamentarians. It is a group that works towards promoting women’s political participation and safeguarding women’s rights and gender equality. The Work Plan of the Caucus includes proposals to: a) make it mandatory to have a minimum of 25 per cent women’s representation in nominations to Local Government Authorities. b) increase women’s contribution through representation in the political process with a minimum of 30 per cent increase in female representation in Parliament, Provincial Councils and Local Government bodies" (17).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Honourable Attorney General has established a technical working group to develop a framework for the implementation of the two-third gender rule by August 2015. Further to this, the Government Commissioned an independent analysis of the Supreme Court Ruling on the realization of the 2/3 gender which recommended the formulation of an equality policy among other alternatives. The Directorate of Gender is in the process of formulating the Policy to guide the two-thirds gender rule in public institutions" (11). The two-thirds gender rule refers to the law that in government and other institutions, the percentage of one gender in the varoius positions shall not exceed two-thirds of the total positions ...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In order to combat discrimination, the Government tabled a bill amending Act No. 2000-008 establishing a quota system for elective (10 per cent) and appointed offices (25 per cent), with the effect of raising those quotas" (pg 6). "In Act No. 2000-008 of 7 June 2000, establishing a quota system for elected officials, Government and the State administration: 1. Article 3 is concerned with quotas in legislative and local elections. Its subparagraph 2 specifies that in the final result, the proportion of elected candidates of either gender must be greater than 10 per cent; 2. Article 4 deals with appointed offices. It stipulates that in the appointment of cabinet members ...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Thus, the Government Program for 2011-2014, the section on Gender policies, provides for introduction of quotas to facilitate the promotion of women to decision-making positions. In 2010 at the initiative of the Parliamentary Women’s Group, the Government endorsed the decision to support the Election Code amendment on 30% quota. Currently this document is pending Parliament approval. At the same time proposal of a quota of at least 40 per cent of representation of one of the genders in decision-making positions was included in draft amendment and adjustment of national legislation to the Law no. 5-XVI" (Pg 9).
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s legislative measures to increase the participation of women in political and public life, including mandatory quotas for national, local and European elections and for boards of publicly listed and State-owned companies, which have resulted in a progressive increase in the proportion of women representatives in the national parliament (30.1 per cent), regional governments (35 per cent) and the European Parliament (39.7 per cent), as well as on boards of publicly listed and State-owned companies (27.6 per cent)" (10).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In order to facilitate women’s access to decision-making positions and promote their right to political participation, Decree Law No. 1 (2007) concerning a general election quota system for women, and Law No. 10 (2005) concerning local council elections and its amendments were adopted as temporary special measures. The election of Palestinian Legislative Council members is based on a party-list proportional representation system. Decree Law No. 1 (2007) stipulates that every electoral list shall include at least one woman candidate in the first three names on the list, the following four names, and every five names thereafter. The law concerning local councils stipulates the following: 1. For local bodies with up ...more
Feb. 10, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In preparation for the coming parliamentary elections, in 2004, the Uzbek Parliament adopted the amendment, which sets the obligatory gender quota of 30% for both chambers of the Parliament" (Para 3).
Feb. 7, 2018, noon
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"While commending the State party’s effort to strengthen female political leadership through the establishment of the “600 women leaders for Chile” Programme, the Committee is concerned about the low participation of women in Government, in both chambers of Parliament, the diplomatic service and the judiciary, as well as in the function of mayor and municipal councillor" (6).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee reiterates its previous concern that temporary special measures are not sufficiently applied as a necessary strategy to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality between women and men in all areas covered by the Convention, with particular attention to promote the representation of women at the decision-making level in both the public and private sectors," (5). "The Committee welcomes the revision of Law No. 010-2009 of 16 April 2009 (Quota Law), to raise the representation of either sex on the candidate lists for legislative and municipal elections from 30 to 50 per cent and the rejection of any candidate list that does not respect this quota. It further welcomes ...more
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee observes that the State party recognizes as a form of temporary special measure the establishment of quotas for the representation of women in the National Congress (in 1991) and in trade unions (in 2002). It also notes the bills regarding parity in the participation of women and men in the three branches of government" (6). "The Committee welcomes the draft legislation approved by the Senate that establishes gender parity for appointments at the national level. The Committee also welcomes the approval by the Chamber of Deputies of the draft bill establishing parity for political party lists, beginning in 2017. It also observes that some provinces, including Córdoba,Santiago del ...more