The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-2

Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the lack of an existing policy or legislative framework for the introduction of temporary special measures in the State party. It is concerned at the State party’s lack of understanding of temporary special measures aimed at accelerating substantive equality of women and men. In particular, it is concerned at the absence of such measures, including statutory quotas, to address the underrepresentation of women in decision-making positions in the public and private sectors and to continue to promote their participation in political life, notwithstanding the State party’s achievements in this area" (page 5).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A 2014 constitutional reform requires equality between women and men in nominations to the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies, and state congresses" (para. 16).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A 2014 constitutional reform requires equality between women and men in nominations to the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies, and state congresses" (para. 16).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Government has not instituted any Temporary Special Measures (TSM) intended to further CEDAW’s goals and assist women in achieving equality, as requested by the Committee in 2008. Recommendations: Institute TSM to ensure women’s rights under CEDAW, freedom from discrimination, and unfettered ability to participate in political and social life, including a minimum 30% quota for women’s participation in legislative, political, judicial and administrative bodies. Draw up by-laws and regulations to practically implement TSMs in the political, economic and social arena and to provide penalties for failing to implement them" (page 6).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee takes note with appreciation of the ammendments made to the Federal Code of Electoral Institutions and Procedures (COFIPE-2008) which introduced a gender quota system to register candidates in a proportion of 40-60" (1-2).
Nov. 14, 2018, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In Colombia, the Gender Quota establishes that the lists presented by parties and political groups to the Senate, and to 14 out of 36 circumscriptions in the House of Representatives, must be integrated in at least 30% by men or women, according to Law 1475 of 2011" (para 3).
Nov. 14, 2018, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia, Mexico, Nicaragua
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"'If we compare these [Colombia's] results to the global standard, we are not okay. There are other countries in the region that achieved paritary parliaments or are close to this purpose. This is the case for Bolivia (53% of women in the House of Deputies and 37% in the Senate), Nicaragua (45.7% in their Assembly) or Mexico (45.7% in the House of Deputies), according to data from the Interpalamentary Union. The difference with Colombia is that these countries have updated their Gender Quotas; they started like us with a 30% and they increased it until they reached the 50%', exposed Blanca Cardona, National Director of the area of Democratic Governance...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"It is also concerned about the lack of special measures to ensure the representation of women in high-level posts across the executive, legislative and judicial branches" (5).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Participation of Women and Minorities: Women and minorities participated in political life on the same legal basis as men or nonminority citizens. The law provides an additional 15 percent in campaign funding to municipal party lists composed of at least one-third women" (para 117)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"There are no restrictions on the role of women in politics. A law on political parties mandates that women make up at least 30 percent of the founding membership of a new political party" (para 116). "The general election law passed prior to the 2009 national elections includes a requirement for parties to nominate women for at least 30 percent of the candidate slots on their party lists" (para 117). "The 2014 Law Governing the MPR, DPR, DPD, and the Regional People’s Representative Council (DPRD) (MD3 Law) stripped a provision from a previous law that gave special consideration to the representation of women in DPR leadership positions. In September 2014...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"After more than a generation of struggle by women’s rights activists, Sri Lanka’s patriarchal political scheme has, reluctantly, opened up a bit to require that 25 percent of candidates in local elections be women" (para 2).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Mexico started with a mandatory 30 percent quota for female candidates in the 2003 elections and raised the threshold to 40 percent for the 2009 elections. But parties found many workarounds. They ran women in losing districts and forged deals so that women would resign once elected, yielding their seats to male alternates. A loophole exempted parties that held primaries from having to fill the quota — so parties called almost any internal selection process a 'primary'" (para 10).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala, Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"All Latin American countries except Guatemala and Venezuela have such laws" (para 6). It is referring to gender quota for the legislative (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Brazil has a 30 percent candidate quota for women, but fewer than 15 percent of those actually elected are women. It is tempting to blame voters because Brazil has a system in which voters pick their preferred candidates off the party’s electoral slate. But as research shows, the real problem is that parties run women in losing districts, give women fewer resources for their campaigns and generally fail to support female candidates" (para 8).
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes with appreciation the amendment to the legislation on political parties, which establishes a minimum quota of 30 per cent for women candidates on the electoral lists of political parties in the districts at the national level in legislative elections. While noting the State party’s efforts to take temporary special measures in the private sector, in particular in the supervisory councils of State enterprises, the Committee is concerned, about the lack of implementation in practice of temporary special measures in the State party" (Pg 9).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia

"The local elections law adopted in 2014 has given way to an unprecedented participation of women, candidates under the age of 35 and people with special needs. The law provides for the principle of gender parity, and this was the first election in the history of Tunisia to have equal numbers of male and female candidates on party, independent and coalition lists" (para. 2).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:42 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"These results follow the 2014 landmark Constitutional reform mandating political parties to ensure gender parity in their candidacies. They were made possible by the legal support and strong commitment of State institutions, international agencies and women’s organizations and networks who have collectively and decisively advocated for female political participation and gender parity" (para 2).
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution mandates that women constitute at least 25 percent of parliamentary and provincial council membership" (para 202)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

we report that, in order to ensure the achievement of better results for women in elections for the Consultative Council than those achieved in the seventh term (2011-2015) and eighth term (2015-2019), headquarters have been prepared and equipped for Omani women’s associations under current laws and regulations. Tents have been set up at the headquarters of associations that have leased buildings in the governorates where there are female candidates. Several buildings of the Wafa social centres are also being used in governorates where women’s associations lack sufficient areas for setting up tents. Headquarters have been supplied with equipment and supplies. Electoral advertising has been published in newspapers for each female...more
Sept. 15, 2018, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Last month Holyrood passed a law to ensure women make up at least half the board members for all public authorities by 2022. The Scottish Parliament voted by 88 to 28 in favour of the Gender Representation on Public Boards (Scotland) Bill, with opposition from the Conservatives" (para 15-16). "Equalities secretary Angela Constance told The Scotsman... 'Today, on the centenary of some women winning the right to vote, I am delighted the First Minister has announced a £500,000 fund to increase women’s representation in politics and in public life. Getting women and girls interested in politics will be a key part of this work'" (para 18-19). These funds will surely...more
Sept. 12, 2018, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The women victorious in May who spoke to Al-Monitor agreed that the absence of a gender-based quota system is a primary reason for women’s under-representation... Yacoubian stated, 'I will propose to set a mandatory, temporary gender-based quota of at least 30% in any electoral law.'...(Jamali) said. 'Based on that, we will be working on many draft laws, including a women's quota in all public and private institutions, government and the public domain'" (para. 10, 14, 15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile

"While commending the State party’s effort to strengthen female political leadership through the establishment of the “600 women leaders for Chile” Programme, the Committee is concerned about the low participation of women in Government, in both chambers of Parliament, the diplomatic service and the judiciary, as well as in the function of mayor and municipal councillor" (6).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Although woman’s empowerment has been at the top of Egypt’s priorities during the past decade, with legislative changes and a large number of initiatives – for example, anti-trafficking and anti-harassment laws, and the women’s quota in the Egyptian parliament - still girls and women face enormous challenges in the country" (para 1). The article does not indicate what the quota limit is but only states that there is one currently in place (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"French President Emmanuel Macron has unveiled a gender-balanced cabinet in accordance with an earlier pledge, with 11 of 22 posts taken by women" (para 1). While this is not in accordance with any known law about a quota, the fact that the party in power had made a pledge to create a more gender-balanced cabinet indicates that gender-issues are a topic of discourse within the society and the parties are taking it seriously, with or without official legal quotas in effect (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that, in section 90 (3) of the Constitution, it is stipulated that due regard should be given to gender equality in the process of preparing the list of candidates by political parties and that an organic bill on political party is currently being prepared to provide further guidance. It remains concerned, however, that no temporary special measures have been adopted to date to increase the representation of women in political and public life" (9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu

"In 2013 parliament passed a law creating five reserved seats for women on the Port Vila Municipal Council (PVMC) as a temporary special measure to increase women’s political participation. In January 2014, 43 women contested unsuccessfully for general seats in the PVMC elections; reserved seats went to the top five vote getters. Women interested in running for public office received encouragement from the Vanuatu Council of Women and the Department of Women’s Affairs, which also offered training programs" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The ruling-party-dominated CNE made decisions that affected the political opposition adversely, including affirming the comptroller general’s administrative disqualification of at least five candidates for the December 6 National Assembly elections and the sudden proclamation of a new rule requiring political parties to field at least 40 percent female candidates after the political opposition had already chosen its candidates" (25). This new law appears to be mostly a political blockade against the opposition party. It is unclear if the law will remain in place following this election cycle (AA-CODER COMMENT). "In June the CNE announced a new regulation that required political parties to put forth gender-balanced slates of candidates for legislative...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"During its spring legislative session, the National Assembly passed a law on elections to the National Assembly and People’s Councils that went into effect June 1. The new law requires quotas for the percentage of final candidates for election to the National Assembly who are ethnic minorities (18 percent) and women (35 percent) and to the People’s Council who are women (35 percent)" (34). "The new law on elections to the National Assembly and People’s Councils requires 35percent of final candidates for these two bodies to be women and 18 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly to be from minority groups" (36).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Government measures to increase the number of women in politics, including the Political Parties Integrity Law, had so far not delivered the desired result" (7). The report does not indicate exactly what the measures entail, but most likely it is some form of incentive or quota that is meant to encourage women's participation in goverment positions (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The new constitution mandates that at least one third of all members of the lower house of the federal parliament must be women and requires inclusion of various minority groups in the list of candidates in the 40 percent of seats chosen by a proportional representation system. The new constitution also stipulates that in the upper house of the federal parliament, for the 56 members chosen by an electoral college, the eight members from each province must include at least three women, one Dalit, and one person with a disability or member of a minority groups. Additionally, of the remaining three members of the upper house chosen by the president,...more