The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-LAW-2

Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2014 the president signed a law requiring that women make up 30 percent of each party’s slate of candidates for local or legislative elections. The 2015 constitution granted parity for women in political positions and mandated the creation of a national advisory council for women, but it did not specify whether the promotion of parity related to pay, benefits, appointment to political positions, or other issues" (21).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2013 former king Abdullah issued a royal decree changing the governance of the Consultative Council, the 150-person royally appointed body that advises the king and may propose but not pass laws. The changes mandate that women constitute no less than 20 percent of the membership of the Consultative Council. In accordance with the law, in 2013 the council inducted 30 women as full members" (36).
July 20, 2019, 10:39 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

""The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption or establishment of the following: (a) Plan of action on gender balance among candidate judges, in 2015" (2). "The Committee notes the electoral quota adopted by the State party and the recent amendment to the Electoral Code in 2016, increasing the minimum quota for women’s representation to 25 per cent for the 2017 elections and to 30 per cent for subsequent national elections" (8).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Act No. 2014-64 of 5 November 2014 amending the Quota Act (No. 2000-008 of 7 June 2000) to raise, from 10 to 15 per cent, the quota for both sexes in elected office" (2). "The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts in applying special measures with regard to women’s political participation and representation in national government bodies through the Quota Act (No. 2000-008) (amended in 2014), raising the quota for both sexes in elected office from 10 to 15 per cent" (9).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution mandates that at least one third of all members of the lower house of the federal parliament must be women and requires inclusion of various minority groups in the list of candidates in the 40 percent of seats chosen through a proportional representation system. The constitution also stipulates representation requirements for the upper house of the federal parliament. For the 56 members chosen by an electoral college, the eight members from each of the seven provinces must include at least three women, one member of the Dalit caste, and one person with a disability or member of a minority group. Additionally, of the remaining three members of the...more
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

""No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. A law on political parties mandates that women make up at least 30 percent of the founding membership of a new political party. The general election law passed prior to the 2009 national elections includes a requirement for parties to nominate women for at least 30 percent of the candidate slots on their party lists. During the regional elections held in seven provinces women accounted for 7.3 percent of the total number of candidates. The number of women in parliament fell after the 2014 elections, however, from 18 to 17 percent of...more
July 18, 2019, 12:24 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2, VOTE-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Five of the 34 cabinet members were women, as was the senior presidential advisor for national reconciliation. There were 12 women among the 140 members of parliament. Some observers believed traditional attitudes and cultural practices limited the ability of women to participate in political life on the same basis as men. In November 2016 the National Assembly passed a gender equality law. The law outlaws gender discrimination and establishes quotas for women’s representation in elective offices, and public and private institutions. It also establishes an independent National Observatory for Male/Female Equality to...more
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The precoup constitution encouraged political parties to consider a “close proximity of equal numbers” of both genders. Neither the interim constitution nor the 2017 constitution contains such a provision" (page 25-26).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"The notable exception was the national parliament since the 2015 election, where the ruling EPRDF party decided that 38 percent of seats, 211 of 547, would be held by women" (p. 25).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

There's any quota for improving women participation (JSM - Coder comment).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution reserves 30 percent of positions in the National Assembly, Senate, and Council of Ministers for women" (p. 28).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the commitment of the State party to reserving 50 seats in Parliament for women" (7).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law states that for municipal and parliamentary elections, one in three candidates must be a member of the sex least represented on the list" (page 18).
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"During the December 2014 parliamentary elections, in accordance with the law, slightly more than 30 percent of candidates were women" (Pg 25).
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law requires elections for seats reserved for special interest groups: 112 for women, five for organized labor, five for persons with disabilities, five for youth, and 10 for the UPDF" (Pg 21).
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the constitutional quota of 30 per cent representation of women in the Government, Parliament and the Senate (arts. 129, 164 and 180) and the resulting increase in the participation of women in political life" (9).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2010 the government passed a gender parity law requiring the candidate lists of political parties to contain equal numbers of men and women for elected positions at all levels, from city councils to the National Assembly" (page 12-13).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law governing the Assembly election requires that 30 percent of candidates be women and that they occupy 30 percent of appointed and elected positions" (page 15).
July 2, 2019, 2:25 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution provides for 55 of the 65 seats in the House of Assembly to be popularly contested and for the king to appoint the remaining 10 members. The constitution provides for five of the 10 to be women and for the other five to represent “interests, including marginalized groups not already adequately represented in the house.” In addition the constitution stipulates that if less than 30 percent of assembly members are women, four additional women shall be selected on a regional basis. The king appointed only three women to the House of Assembly following the elections, in which only one woman was elected, and although less than 30 percent...more
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law requires that at least 40 percent of a political party’s candidates be women" (p. 16).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law provides that either gender must have a minimum of 40 percent of candidates on the party lists of candidates for parliamentary and local elections" (p. 22).
July 1, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law requires parties to ensure that at least 30 percent of the candidates on their electoral lists are women" (p. 24).
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The transitional constitution requires at least 25 percent female participation in the legislative and executive branches of government at the national and state levels" (Pg 30).
June 26, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The election code requires the names of male and female candidates be intermixed on party lists and that no more than 70 percent of candidates on a party list can be of the same gender. By law women must be represented in all branches of government and constitute no less than 30 percent of state bodies and local authorities. The law does not specify the level of the positions at which they must be represented" (p. 18 - 19).
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The roadmap signatories agreed that, prior to the transition to a permanent government, the federal parliament should consist of at least 30 percent women, but women held only 14 percent of 275 seats in parliament" (Pg 29).
June 24, 2019, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A law passed in November 2015 requires that at least 30 percent of the slots on party election lists be reserved for female candidates and that 30 percent of high-level government appointees be women. The law was not fully implemented by year’s end" (p. 19).
June 23, 2019, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A presidential decree requires that women hold at least 20 percent of all high-level public service positions, although the government has never implemented the decree" (p. 19).
June 22, 2019, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution provides for 55 of the 65 seats in the House of Assembly to be popularly contested and for the king to appoint the remaining 10 members. The constitution provides for five of the 10 appointed members to be women… the constitution stipulates that if less than 30 percent of assembly members are women, four additional women shall be selected on a regional basis" (p. 15).
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2013 the former king issued a royal decree changing the governance of the Consultative Council, the 150-person royally appointed body that advises the king and can propose but not pass laws. The changes mandate that women constitute no less than 20 percent of the membership of the Consultative Council. In accordance with the law, the council inducted 30 women as full members in 2013" (Pg 31).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Authorities widely used quotas to assure a minimum female presence in elected bodies. There are 60 seats in the National Assembly reserved for women. Authorities apportioned these seats on the basis of total votes secured by the candidates of each political party that contested the elections. Authorities reserved 129 of the 758 seats in provincial assemblies and one-third of the seats in local councils for women" (Pg 37).