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Latest items for LBHO-LAW-2

Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Participation of Women and Minorities: . . The law promotes the participation of women in local government by requiring that at least one of three candidates contesting elections in each ward or village be of a different gender from the others. One-third of elected candidates in the 2012 village and municipal elections were women" (para 43).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law provides for the allocation of one-third of the seats in the municipal, urban, and community councils to women. The law also states a political party registered with the Independent Electoral Commission must facilitate the full participation of women, youth, and persons with disabilities. Party lists for the 40 proportional representation seats in the National Assembly must include equal numbers of women and men" (Pg 13-14).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"There were no legal restrictions on the participation of women in politics. The election code requires the names of male and female candidates be intermixed on party lists and that no more than 70 percent of candidates on a party list can be of the same gender. By law women must be represented in all branches of government and constitute no less than 30 percent of state bodies and local authorities. The law does not specify the level of the positions at which they must be represented" (Pg 20).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the requirement for parity on the lists of candidates for elected positions at all levels in resolution No. 3603-E8-2016, issued by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal" (7).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The continued lack of quotas owing to the absence of provisions in the Constitution that would allow for the introduction of the same, whereas article 4 of the Convention provides such a basis" (pg. 9) There is no legal basis for quotas in constitution (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Amendment No. 26 to the Religious Judges Law, requiring that at least one of the two representatives of each body (the Government, the parliament and the Israel Bar Association) appointed to the committee responsible for the appointment of judges of the religious Jewish courts be a woman, in 2013" (pg. 2). "The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality of women and men, such as the use of the “team of directors” public procedure, which sets quotas for the representation of Israeli-Arab women as directors in government companies. The Committee also commends the State party on Amendment No. 12 to the Municipal...more
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Last year the country passed a new electoral law, but with no quota for women’s representation in parliament" (Para 13).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Government of the Lao PDR has set targets of the VII National Socio-Economic Development Plan (2011-2015) to include: (1) At least 20 per cent of government officials should be female; (2) 15 per cent of management positions in state and mass organizations should reserve for women; and (3) Female members of the National Assembly should exceed 30 per cent" (Pg 24).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In a 2011 effort to include more women in the electoral process, the government adopted a candidate gender-parity law requiring political parties to list an equal number of male and female candidates on electoral lists. The law also stipulates male and female candidate names must alternate in order to increase the opportunities for female candidates to be selected" (page 14).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the lack of an existing policy or legislative framework for the introduction of temporary special measures in the State party. It is concerned at the State party’s lack of understanding of temporary special measures aimed at accelerating substantive equality of women and men. In particular, it is concerned at the absence of such measures, including statutory quotas, to address the underrepresentation of women in decision-making positions in the public and private sectors and to continue to promote their participation in political life, notwithstanding the State party’s achievements in this area" (page 5).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A 2014 constitutional reform requires equality between women and men in nominations to the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies, and state congresses" (para. 16).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A 2014 constitutional reform requires equality between women and men in nominations to the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies, and state congresses" (para. 16).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Government has not instituted any Temporary Special Measures (TSM) intended to further CEDAW’s goals and assist women in achieving equality, as requested by the Committee in 2008. Recommendations: Institute TSM to ensure women’s rights under CEDAW, freedom from discrimination, and unfettered ability to participate in political and social life, including a minimum 30% quota for women’s participation in legislative, political, judicial and administrative bodies. Draw up by-laws and regulations to practically implement TSMs in the political, economic and social arena and to provide penalties for failing to implement them" (page 6).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee takes note with appreciation of the ammendments made to the Federal Code of Electoral Institutions and Procedures (COFIPE-2008) which introduced a gender quota system to register candidates in a proportion of 40-60" (1-2).
Nov. 14, 2018, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In Colombia, the Gender Quota establishes that the lists presented by parties and political groups to the Senate, and to 14 out of 36 circumscriptions in the House of Representatives, must be integrated in at least 30% by men or women, according to Law 1475 of 2011" (para 3).
Nov. 14, 2018, 10:32 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia, Mexico, Nicaragua
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"'If we compare these [Colombia's] results to the global standard, we are not okay. There are other countries in the region that achieved paritary parliaments or are close to this purpose. This is the case for Bolivia (53% of women in the House of Deputies and 37% in the Senate), Nicaragua (45.7% in their Assembly) or Mexico (45.7% in the House of Deputies), according to data from the Interpalamentary Union. The difference with Colombia is that these countries have updated their Gender Quotas; they started like us with a 30% and they increased it until they reached the 50%', exposed Blanca Cardona, National Director of the area of Democratic Governance...more
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"It is also concerned about the lack of special measures to ensure the representation of women in high-level posts across the executive, legislative and judicial branches" (5).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Participation of Women and Minorities: Women and minorities participated in political life on the same legal basis as men or nonminority citizens. The law provides an additional 15 percent in campaign funding to municipal party lists composed of at least one-third women" (para 117)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"There are no restrictions on the role of women in politics. A law on political parties mandates that women make up at least 30 percent of the founding membership of a new political party" (para 116). "The general election law passed prior to the 2009 national elections includes a requirement for parties to nominate women for at least 30 percent of the candidate slots on their party lists" (para 117). "The 2014 Law Governing the MPR, DPR, DPD, and the Regional People’s Representative Council (DPRD) (MD3 Law) stripped a provision from a previous law that gave special consideration to the representation of women in DPR leadership positions. In September 2014...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"After more than a generation of struggle by women’s rights activists, Sri Lanka’s patriarchal political scheme has, reluctantly, opened up a bit to require that 25 percent of candidates in local elections be women" (para 2).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Mexico started with a mandatory 30 percent quota for female candidates in the 2003 elections and raised the threshold to 40 percent for the 2009 elections. But parties found many workarounds. They ran women in losing districts and forged deals so that women would resign once elected, yielding their seats to male alternates. A loophole exempted parties that held primaries from having to fill the quota — so parties called almost any internal selection process a 'primary'" (para 10).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:09 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala, Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"All Latin American countries except Guatemala and Venezuela have such laws" (para 6). It is referring to gender quota for the legislative (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Brazil has a 30 percent candidate quota for women, but fewer than 15 percent of those actually elected are women. It is tempting to blame voters because Brazil has a system in which voters pick their preferred candidates off the party’s electoral slate. But as research shows, the real problem is that parties run women in losing districts, give women fewer resources for their campaigns and generally fail to support female candidates" (para 8).
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes with appreciation the amendment to the legislation on political parties, which establishes a minimum quota of 30 per cent for women candidates on the electoral lists of political parties in the districts at the national level in legislative elections. While noting the State party’s efforts to take temporary special measures in the private sector, in particular in the supervisory councils of State enterprises, the Committee is concerned, about the lack of implementation in practice of temporary special measures in the State party" (Pg 9).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The local elections law adopted in 2014 has given way to an unprecedented participation of women, candidates under the age of 35 and people with special needs. The law provides for the principle of gender parity, and this was the first election in the history of Tunisia to have equal numbers of male and female candidates on party, independent and coalition lists" (para. 2).
Sept. 26, 2018, 11:42 a.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"These results follow the 2014 landmark Constitutional reform mandating political parties to ensure gender parity in their candidacies. They were made possible by the legal support and strong commitment of State institutions, international agencies and women’s organizations and networks who have collectively and decisively advocated for female political participation and gender parity" (para 2).
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution mandates that women constitute at least 25 percent of parliamentary and provincial council membership" (para 202)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

we report that, in order to ensure the achievement of better results for women in elections for the Consultative Council than those achieved in the seventh term (2011-2015) and eighth term (2015-2019), headquarters have been prepared and equipped for Omani women’s associations under current laws and regulations. Tents have been set up at the headquarters of associations that have leased buildings in the governorates where there are female candidates. Several buildings of the Wafa social centres are also being used in governorates where women’s associations lack sufficient areas for setting up tents. Headquarters have been supplied with equipment and supplies. Electoral advertising has been published in newspapers for each female...more
Sept. 15, 2018, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Last month Holyrood passed a law to ensure women make up at least half the board members for all public authorities by 2022. The Scottish Parliament voted by 88 to 28 in favour of the Gender Representation on Public Boards (Scotland) Bill, with opposition from the Conservatives" (para 15-16). "Equalities secretary Angela Constance told The Scotsman... 'Today, on the centenary of some women winning the right to vote, I am delighted the First Minister has announced a £500,000 fund to increase women’s representation in politics and in public life. Getting women and girls interested in politics will be a key part of this work'" (para 18-19). These funds will surely...more
Sept. 12, 2018, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The women victorious in May who spoke to Al-Monitor agreed that the absence of a gender-based quota system is a primary reason for women’s under-representation... Yacoubian stated, 'I will propose to set a mandatory, temporary gender-based quota of at least 30% in any electoral law.'...(Jamali) said. 'Based on that, we will be working on many draft laws, including a women's quota in all public and private institutions, government and the public domain'" (para. 10, 14, 15).