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Latest items for LBHO-LAW-2

April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law provides an additional 15 percent in campaign funding to municipal party lists composed of at least one-third women" (32).
April 1, 2019, 7:43 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A 2015 gender parity law designed to increase the participation of women in Congress entered into force during the 2017 congressional election cycle. The law requires political parties to limit the candidacies of any one gender to no more than 60 percent and provides economic incentives for female candidates" (p.8).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The election law provides a general mandate for quotas for female and ethnic minority representatives, but achieving these quotas often required election authorities to violate the election law" (page 46).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"Election law, however, requires that political parties 'endeavor to ensure 30 percent' female participation; while this provision has no enforcement mechanism, there was a 16 percent uptick in the number of female candidates listed for the legislative race of the 2017 election cycle" (19).
March 22, 2019, 8:47 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"March the government of New Brunswick implemented a plan--the first in the country’s history--to provide financial incentives to political parties to field more female candidates in provincial elections" (p. 8).
March 20, 2019, 11:36 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Ruling party policy--the Zebra system--provides for 50 percent of Swapo candidates for parliament to be women" (8).
March 15, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law reserves seats for women in municipal governments. Both Port Vila and Luganville municipal councils have reserved seats for women, and in 2015 Luganville voters elected a woman to an open seat. Women interested in running for public office received encouragement from the Vanuatu Council of Women and the Department of Women’s Affairs, which also offered training programs" (7).
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In accordance with national regulations and the provisions of Act No. 2/2015, Constitutional Court judgment C-285/2016 and Agreements 10553/2016 and 10548/2016, the judiciary has incorporated gender equity as a principle and selection criterion in preparing candidate lists for the higher courts, as is evidenced by women’s representation on 43 lists for the appointment of judges: 34 per cent in the case of the Council of State and 33 per cent for the Supreme Court" (21).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"18. By Presidential decree No. 384 of 6 December 2016, the conceptual framework for family and gender policy in Kazakhstan up to the year 2030 (hereinafter — the conceptual framework) was approved, in which the target indicator is that the proportion of women in the executive, representative and judiciary bodies and the State, quasi-state and corporate sectors at the decision-making level should reach 22 per cent by 2020, 25 per cent by 2023 and 30 per cent by 2030" (4).
March 7, 2019, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In May 2016 the Supreme Elections Tribunal imposed strict gender quotas for political parties... the electoral code requires that a minimum of 50 percent of candidates for elective office be women, with their names placed alternately with men on the ballots by party slate"(9).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law reserves 20 seats in the National Assembly for women" (page 14).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The constitution specifies a minimum number of seats for women and minorities in the two houses of parliament. For the Wolesi Jirga (lower house of the National Assembly), the constitution mandates that at least two women shall be elected from each province (for a total of 68)" (23). "The constitution also mandates one-half of presidential appointees must be women" (23).
March 6, 2019, 6:01 a.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"On December 15, a Gender Parity Law came into force, requiring any electoral list of candidates for national legislative office to contain equal percentages of male and female candidates" (p. 12).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Amiri Decree No. 22 of 2017 provided for the appointment of four Qatari women as members of the Shura Council" (17). "Further to the information contained in paragraphs 137-141 of our initial State party report, the State of Qatar continues to stress the adoption of a clear policy of promoting the advancement of women without discrimination in all fields. That is demonstrated by the issuance of Amiri Decree No. 22 of 2017, which provides for the appointment of four Qatari women as members of the Shura Council, thereby reflecting the belief of the State in the importance of the role of women in the State’s legislative system and its support...more
Feb. 23, 2019, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Article 3 (5) of Act No. 08/005 of 10 June 2008, on the public financing of political parties, under which political parties are required to consider gender parity when establishing electoral lists" (4). "With regard to the measures taken to eliminate discrimination against women in political and public life, articles 4, 5, 6 and 33 of Act No. 15/013 provide as follows: Article 4: ‘Men and women shall enjoy all political rights on an equal footing. Women shall be represented equitably in all appointed and elected positions in national, provincial and local institutions, including the democracy-supporting institutions, the National Economic and Social Council and public and quasi public institutions at...more
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Participation of Women and Minorities: . . The law promotes the participation of women in local government by requiring that at least one of three candidates contesting elections in each ward or village be of a different gender from the others. One-third of elected candidates in the 2012 village and municipal elections were women" (para 43).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The law provides for the allocation of one-third of the seats in the municipal, urban, and community councils to women. The law also states a political party registered with the Independent Electoral Commission must facilitate the full participation of women, youth, and persons with disabilities. Party lists for the 40 proportional representation seats in the National Assembly must include equal numbers of women and men" (Pg 13-14).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"There were no legal restrictions on the participation of women in politics. The election code requires the names of male and female candidates be intermixed on party lists and that no more than 70 percent of candidates on a party list can be of the same gender. By law women must be represented in all branches of government and constitute no less than 30 percent of state bodies and local authorities. The law does not specify the level of the positions at which they must be represented" (Pg 20).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the requirement for parity on the lists of candidates for elected positions at all levels in resolution No. 3603-E8-2016, issued by the Supreme Electoral Tribunal" (7).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The continued lack of quotas owing to the absence of provisions in the Constitution that would allow for the introduction of the same, whereas article 4 of the Convention provides such a basis" (pg. 9) There is no legal basis for quotas in constitution (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Amendment No. 26 to the Religious Judges Law, requiring that at least one of the two representatives of each body (the Government, the parliament and the Israel Bar Association) appointed to the committee responsible for the appointment of judges of the religious Jewish courts be a woman, in 2013" (pg. 2). "The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality of women and men, such as the use of the “team of directors” public procedure, which sets quotas for the representation of Israeli-Arab women as directors in government companies. The Committee also commends the State party on Amendment No. 12 to the Municipal...more
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"Last year the country passed a new electoral law, but with no quota for women’s representation in parliament" (Para 13).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Government of the Lao PDR has set targets of the VII National Socio-Economic Development Plan (2011-2015) to include: (1) At least 20 per cent of government officials should be female; (2) 15 per cent of management positions in state and mass organizations should reserve for women; and (3) Female members of the National Assembly should exceed 30 per cent" (Pg 24).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In a 2011 effort to include more women in the electoral process, the government adopted a candidate gender-parity law requiring political parties to list an equal number of male and female candidates on electoral lists. The law also stipulates male and female candidate names must alternate in order to increase the opportunities for female candidates to be selected" (page 14).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the lack of an existing policy or legislative framework for the introduction of temporary special measures in the State party. It is concerned at the State party’s lack of understanding of temporary special measures aimed at accelerating substantive equality of women and men. In particular, it is concerned at the absence of such measures, including statutory quotas, to address the underrepresentation of women in decision-making positions in the public and private sectors and to continue to promote their participation in political life, notwithstanding the State party’s achievements in this area" (page 5).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A 2014 constitutional reform requires equality between women and men in nominations to the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies, and state congresses" (para. 16).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"A 2014 constitutional reform requires equality between women and men in nominations to the Senate, the Chamber of Deputies, and state congresses" (para. 16).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Government has not instituted any Temporary Special Measures (TSM) intended to further CEDAW’s goals and assist women in achieving equality, as requested by the Committee in 2008. Recommendations: Institute TSM to ensure women’s rights under CEDAW, freedom from discrimination, and unfettered ability to participate in political and social life, including a minimum 30% quota for women’s participation in legislative, political, judicial and administrative bodies. Draw up by-laws and regulations to practically implement TSMs in the political, economic and social arena and to provide penalties for failing to implement them" (page 6).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee takes note with appreciation of the ammendments made to the Federal Code of Electoral Institutions and Procedures (COFIPE-2008) which introduced a gender quota system to register candidates in a proportion of 40-60" (1-2).
Nov. 14, 2018, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-LAW-2

"In Colombia, the Gender Quota establishes that the lists presented by parties and political groups to the Senate, and to 14 out of 36 circumscriptions in the House of Representatives, must be integrated in at least 30% by men or women, according to Law 1475 of 2011" (para 3).