The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-1

June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"There were eight female ministers in the 36-member cabinet (22 percent). Women held 16 of 113 National Assembly seats (14 percent)" (Pg 13). This is one percentage point below the quota mandated by law meaning that there is something ineffective about the quota (EJ - Coder Comment).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Women and/or members of minority groups held few positions of significant influence in the government or CCP structure" (47-48)
June 11, 2019, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit the participation of women and/or minorities in the political process, and women and minorities did participate" (11).
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Cabinet of Parliamentary Women, also at the Assembly of the Republic — which aims at opening a space for the parliamentary women to handle their matters and establish linking mechanisms with women’s organizations in order to ensure that gender matters and fight against poverty are considered during the deliberations of the Assembly of the Republic" (10). "The regulation of the Law on Local State Bodies (LOLE) calls attention to the involvement of women in Local State Bodies (OLE) by stating in its article 118 the importance to secure the representation of women in the Local Consultative Councils. It was within this scope that a minimum quota of 30% was...more
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"Electoral laws require at least one-third of candidates on party lists be women" (p. 10).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Human rights activists, however, cited cultural bias against women as an impediment to women participating in political life on the same scale as men" (26).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Government Plan for the 9th Legislative term, prepared in 2016 after the elections, sets forth a clear commitment with the promotion of a Parity Law" (17). "As a result of Parliamentarian’s advocacy within their parties, the representation of women in party structures has increased significantly: in the case of Movement for Democracy, at its latest Caucus (January 2017), women’s proportion in the Caucus Board went up to 60 per cent, 43 per cent in the Jurisdiction Council, 42 per cent in the National Board and 30 per cent in the National Political Commission. The African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde has a proportion of 30 per cent...more
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"There are no legal requirements for minimum shares or rankings of nominations for elections to the National Council and provincial parliaments. Three out of six parties represented in the National Council voluntarily committed to achieve or maintain a certain share of women. One party committed to have a minimum share of 50 per cent women and the other two parties committed to a quota of 40 per cen" (10). "In order to strengthen women’s representation in political life, some provinces introduced quotas and specific outcome-oriented targets for budgeting. All provinces held seminars about education and vocational training and introduced mentoring programmes for future female politicians and women who are interested...more
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned, however, at the slight decrease in the percentage of women in the parliament during the past two elections and the insufficient representation of disadvantaged groups of women, including young women and women belonging to minority groups, in particular those of Roma, Sami and foreign origin, in decision making positions" (9).
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the Anti-Discrimination Act (2009) does not explicitly cover political participation and that a plan of action for the implementation of the recently adopted strategy for equality of women and men for the period from 2014 to 2020 (the ‘+1 Strategy’) is currently being developed. It notes with regret that the State party did not adopt the draft law on temporary special measures requiring a minimum quota for the representation of women on electoral lists of political parties. The Committee is concerned at the lack of specific goals, targets and time frames in the +1 Strategy to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality of women, including Roma...more
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Thirty percent of delegates to the 2013-14 NDC were women, and women chaired many committees and working groups" (30).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women, members of minorities in, or both in the political process, and they did participate" (35). "Despite an increase in the number of female parliamentarians, political discussions often marginalized female members of parliament" (35).
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (10).
April 29, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the efforts made by women deputies during drafting the internal regulations of the Parliament including an article insuring a proper representation of women in the formation of the sun committees of the parliament. However, the State Council made a reservation on this article and confirmed that its unconstitutionality. When the State Council's observations were sent to the parliament, they were approved, which led to the cancellation of that article" (6).
April 29, 2019, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"No laws limit participation of woman and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. The law requires 35 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly and provincial people’s councils to be women and 18 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly to be from minority groups" (27).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The application of statutory quotas for the representation of women in organs of the legislative, executive and judicial branches has been rejected by the Federal Court under the existing legal framework" (11).
April 25, 2019, 9:05 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"As per a directive by H. H. Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the UAE, Emirati women must occupy 50 per cent of the Federal National Council’s (FNC) seats. Currently, there are 8 women members in FNC representing 20 per cent of the 40 available seats" (Para 19).
April 19, 2019, 10:23 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The electoral code requires that at least 20 percent of each party’s candidates in internal party primaries be women, and parties followed the requirement. Although the parties met this requirement, they placed the majority of female candidates towards the end of the closed party lists, effectively limiting their chances of actually being elected" (p. 13).
April 19, 2019, 9:51 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"In accordance with Recommendation 28 (c-e) CEDAW/C/BIH/CO/4-5, GEA BiH, MHRR BiH implemented in 2014 a project for enhancing the commitment of political parties to gender equality. 137 female candidates were capacitated, and a Statement on the commitment of political parties for gender equality’ signed by 9 political parties. To strengthen the capacity of female candidates for General elections in 2014, the GEA BiH, MHRR BiH and the Association “Infohouse” provided trained 100 (female) members from 12 parliamentary parties. During the election processes, the GEA BiH, MHRR BiH and the entity gender centres issued a call to all political parties for consistent application of GEL" (23). "In BiH, the participation of...more
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Temporary special measures, including quotas, have not been introduced in order to accelerate the achievement of de facto equality between women and men" (7).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The draft ordinance [for a 30 percent quota for women’s representation in Parliament] has become a bill and has already undergone a first reading in the Council of Ministers" (26).
April 5, 2019, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Government measures to increase the number of women in politics, including the Political Parties Integrity Law and a discussion paper on temporary special measures to create 10 reserved seats for women in parliament, had so far not delivered the desired result. Civil society groups such as the Young Women’s Parliamentary Group continued to advocate for more leadership positions for women" (7).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. While members of national minorities took an active part in political life, ethnic Russians, who constituted approximately 80 percent of the population, dominated the political and administrative system, particularly at the federal level" (43).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"Election law, however, requires that political parties 'endeavor to ensure 30 percent' female participation; while this provision has no enforcement mechanism, there was a 16 percent uptick in the number of female candidates listed for the legislative race of the 2017 election cycle" (19).
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights activists highlighted lack of effort to encourage political participation of women by both government and political parties" (20).
March 22, 2019, 8:47 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"March the government of New Brunswick implemented a plan--the first in the country’s history--to provide financial incentives to political parties to field more female candidates in provincial elections" (p. 8).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Voters elected a record number of women in the October 2016 elections, although very few subsequently won leadership positions as ministers or parliamentary committee presidents" (page 23).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the introduction by most political parties of voluntary gender quotas into their nomination processes, resulting in a constant increase in the representation of women in Parliament, to 41.4 per cent in 2017, and an increase to 43 per cent of women candidates for local elections in 2015, and the requirement in the Local Government Act of a minimum of 40 per cent representation of women and men in appointed positions in municipalities and municipal companies, leading to women holding 43 per cent of positions in municipal executive boards in 2015" (10). "The Committee notes with concern, however, the underrepresentation of women from ethnic and minority backgrounds in...more
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of the Interior and the Presidential Council for Women’s Equity, with the support of the International Cooperation Gender Panel, are implementing the More Women More Democracy strategy as an indispensable tool for the promotion of women’s participation and recognition as political actors and the strengthening of gender equality agendas in peacebuilding and development in Colombia" (21). "In 2012 the Network of Women Mayors for Democracy and Peace was established as a way of articulating the interests, needs and proposals of women mayors in the country. The Network’s objective is to ensure greater participation of women, seeking the mainstreaming of a gender perspective in regional management" (22).more
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Meanwhile, at its meetings, the working group on the draft act discussed issues pertaining to definitions of 'temporary special measures' and 'gender quotas' in domestic legislation, with a view to eliminating gender gaps" (17).