The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-1

Nov. 8, 2017, noon
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Women have made significant gains in elected office in Mexico, in part because of a series of measures ensuring their greater participation in politics. Most recently, a 2014 law requires that half of all the candidates fielded by a political party in federal or state legislative elections be women" (para 24).
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Even though there are no Nubian women in the Egyptian parliament, President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi appointed Makkah Abd al-Ilahi Abd al-Mawli as the Nubian women's representative to the National Council for Women"(para 15)
Sept. 26, 2017, 7:45 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Even in politics, where the chancellor has proved a role model for many and has vowed to appoint a gender-balanced cabinet if re-elected, the number of women in Parliament is already certain to drop, whatever the outcome of the vote a week from Sunday" (para 6).
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"It [the radio program designed by a NGO to support women] also will address political participation for women, the role of local councils, the importance of women's participation in the local councils, women's quota as stated in the Constitution"(para 5)
Sept. 12, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Incoming Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau joined an elite global club Wednesday by appointing women to 50 percent of his Cabinet positions.The self-proclaimed feminist made good his campaign promise that his governmental inner circle would be gender-equal. After initially trailing in the polls, the 43-year-old defeated incumbent Conservative Stephen Harper last month. His government was sworn-in Wednesday"(para 1-2)
Aug. 29, 2017, 2:31 p.m.
Countries: East Timor, Nepal, Rwanda
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

“In countries such as Rwanda, Nepal, and East Timor, gender quotas — often implemented pursuant to rewritten constitutions — have sparked more rapid increases [of women in politics]” (2).
Aug. 29, 2017, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The goal [of violence against female politicians]: to turn back progress ushered in by a new gender quota, implemented as part of a 2010 constitutional overhaul, that has vaulted more women into positions of power in Kenya than ever before" (1). "This is part of the story in Kenya, where the 2010 constitution established a gender quota mandating that neither gender hold more than two-thirds of the positions in any government entity (thereby ensuring that a minimum of one-third plus one of parliamentarians and members of local county assemblies are women). The subsequent 2013 general election resulted in Kenya’s highest number of women in government in its history" (3).more
July 20, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"While the introduction of quota mechanisms in many Arab countries—mainly Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia—has opened the door for increased levels of female representation, quota mechanisms do not appear to have a significant immediate impact on the appointment of female politicians to influential legislative committees in Arab parliaments" (para 1).
July 20, 2017, 9:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"While the introduction of quota mechanisms in many Arab countries—mainly Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia—has opened the door for increased levels of female representation, quota mechanisms do not appear to have a significant immediate impact on the appointment of female politicians to influential legislative committees in Arab parliaments" (para 1). "As for Tunisia, the 2014 constitution enshrined equal political representation by introducing a gender parity clause that stipulated electoral lists alternate male and female candidates. Though Tunisia’s post-revolution Assembly of Representatives did not witness such a dramatic increase in female representation (currently 31.3 percent, up from 27.6 percent in 2009), this can be attributed to both Tunisia’s role as a pioneer ...more
July 20, 2017, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"While the introduction of quota mechanisms in many Arab countries—mainly Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia—has opened the door for increased levels of female representation, quota mechanisms do not appear to have a significant immediate impact on the appointment of female politicians to influential legislative committees in Arab parliaments" (para 1). "Algeria introduced Law 12-03 of 2012, which required political parties to include female candidates on their party lists, with higher quotas set for larger constituencies. As a result, women’s presence in the Algerian parliament leaped from a mere 7.7 percent in 2007 to 31.6 percent in 2012" (para 5). "Tunisia first introduced a voluntary quota system among political parties in 2004, ...more
July 5, 2017, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

¨Gamliel is part of the younger generation of women in the Likud Party promoted by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu after the last election. The ministry that she heads handles elderly citizens and issues pertaining to gender and sectoral equality¨(para 4)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee is, however, concerned at the lack of statutory temporary special measures, including quotas, to address the underrepresentation of women, including ethnic and other minority women, in decision-making positions in the public and private sectors, as well as in political life, especially in the parliament. The Committee is particularly concerned that rather than statutory quotas, the State party continues to use less effective voluntary initiatives and other incentives such as higher evaluations for companies during the bidding process for public procurement" (5)
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to promote the participation of women in political and public life by adopting the third and fourth basic plans on gender equality, which sets numerical targets and a specific goal to achieve 30 per cent representation of women in political, public and private life by 2020" (9)
June 14, 2017, 11:46 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-5

“Thirty-five states have state-level campaign trainings specifically for women, 34 states have a women’s commission, 33 states have a women’s PAC, and 16 states have chapters of the National Women’s Political Caucus. Ten states have all four of these institutional resources for women at the state level: California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Texas…The bottom third consists of 15 states that have one institutional resources and the one state—North Dakota—that has no resources to help women in their political participation. North Dakota ranks 51st on this indicator of women’s status” (18)
June 14, 2017, 11:45 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-5

“The National Women’s Political Caucus (NWPC) is a multi-partisan, grassroots organization dedicated to increasing the number of women who run for office and who are elected or appointed into leadership positions” (18)
June 14, 2017, 11:43 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-5

“In many states across the nation, women’s commissions—which can operate at the city, county, or state level—strive to identify inequities in laws, policies, and practices and recommend changes to address them. Women’s commissions may engage in a variety of activities to benefit women in their geographic areas, such as conducting research on issues affecting the lives of women and families, holding briefings to educate the public and legislators on these issues, developing a legislative agenda, and advocating for gender balance in leadership throughout both the public and private sectors” (18)
June 14, 2017, 11:43 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-5

“Political action committees (PACs) raise and spend money for the purpose of electing and defeating candidates. A PAC may give directly to a candidate committee, a national party committee, or another PAC, within the contribution limits (Open Secrets 2015). A women’s PAC may be critical to supplying a female candidate with the campaign contributions she needs to launch a successful campaign. A women’s PAC may also bolster candidates who support women-friendly policy and legislation. In 2014, there were 23 national and 47 state or local PACs or donor networks that either gave money primarily to women candidates or had a primarily female donor base” (18)
June 14, 2017, 11:42 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-5

“One study found that nine in ten women who participated in a training before running found it extremely helpful; many also believed that campaign trainings should be expanded to be more women-centric so as to address the issue of ‘campaigning-while-female’…Experienced women candidates also expressed a need for a range of candidate training, from running for one’s first office to running for a seat in one’s congressional delegation, which as a national office requires the candidate to learn a new range of skills. Most training, however, seems to be aimed at encouraging women to run for their first office” (18)
June 14, 2017, 11:41 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-5

“In addition to women’s voting and election to local, state, and federal offices, institutional resources dedicated to helping women succeed in the political arena and to promoting and prioritizing women’s policy issues play a key role in connecting women constituents to policymakers. Such resources include campaign trainings for women, women’s Political Action Committees (PACs), women’s commissions, and state chapters of the National Women’s Political Caucus (NWPC)” (16)
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"As a condition to running for local races, the CEP required that each mayoral cartel (with three candidates) include one woman. Election laws since 2008 provide significant financial incentives for political parties to field women candidates, but parties consistently failed to meet the incentive criteria. The 2015 electoral decree includes such provisions, but only 10 percent of the government’s funding available for support to candidates and political parties was used for various incentives, including rewarding parties fielding higher numbers of female candidates" (20).
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The electoral code requires at least 30 percent of candidates for any party competing for seats in the National Assembly to be women. Not every party adhered to this rule, which was not enforced" (17-18).
March 14, 2017, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"At the local level, women have made significantly greater gains in political representation due to a 2009 constitutional reform that approved a 50 percent seat reservation for women—thirteen states have successfully adopted the quota" (para 3).
March 10, 2017, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Due to the quota system, female representation in Taiwan’s legislature rose from 12 percent in 1995 to 38 percent in 2016" (para 7).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Employment in the formal sector was open to women at the same salary rates as men, and no statutory discrimination existed in other kinds of employment (see section 7.d.), access to credit, owning and managing a business, or in housing or education" (21).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"A presidential decree requires that women hold at least 20 percent of all high-level public service positions, although the government has never implemented the decree" (20).
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is also concerned that there are no voluntary or obligatory quotas envisaged by electoral legislation" (6)
Feb. 10, 2017, 4:34 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that the State party has set a goal aimed at attaining 30 per cent representation of women at the decision-making level of elected and appointed bodies and that the State party has made some progress in this regard. The Committee is concerned, however, about the fact that temporary special measures are not being used in other areas covered by the Convention to accelerate the achievement of de facto equality of women and men" (4)
Feb. 2, 2017, 6:09 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Kurdish towns must, by general agreement, have co-mayors, one man, one woman. All members of Parliament have to run on gender-balanced tickets. New hires to municipal and patronage jobs go to women until the work force is half male, half female. In local government, boards and committees have male and female co-executives" (para 3-4).
Jan. 31, 2017, 11:27 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, ASR-DATA-1

"She is also pushing for a law that would support a constitutional quota for female judges. While Egypt recently swore in 26 female judges, many women still face hurdles in their applications" (para 13).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:43 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The participation rate of women in the Constituent Assembly of the Constitution that Egypt witnessed both in 2012 and 2014, was overall a weak participation. In the best circumstances, it did not exceed 5%, which reflects the need to continue efforts for advocacy and lobbying from various parties, in order to put pressure on the state for the need of mainstreaming women in political decision-making positions. Despite the state constitution's provision of respecting international conventions, which opens the way for the state to provide special measures for women's representaion in parliament under Article (4) of the CEDAW, the formula of the representation of women in parliament in the Constitution was ...more