The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-1

April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Temporary special measures, including quotas, have not been introduced in order to accelerate the achievement of de facto equality between women and men" (7).
April 11, 2019, 11:47 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The draft ordinance [for a 30 percent quota for women’s representation in Parliament] has become a bill and has already undergone a first reading in the Council of Ministers" (26).
April 5, 2019, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Government measures to increase the number of women in politics, including the Political Parties Integrity Law and a discussion paper on temporary special measures to create 10 reserved seats for women in parliament, had so far not delivered the desired result. Civil society groups such as the Young Women’s Parliamentary Group continued to advocate for more leadership positions for women" (7).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women and members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. While members of national minorities took an active part in political life, ethnic Russians, who constituted approximately 80 percent of the population, dominated the political and administrative system, particularly at the federal level" (43).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"Election law, however, requires that political parties 'endeavor to ensure 30 percent' female participation; while this provision has no enforcement mechanism, there was a 16 percent uptick in the number of female candidates listed for the legislative race of the 2017 election cycle" (19).
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights activists highlighted lack of effort to encourage political participation of women by both government and political parties" (20).
March 22, 2019, 8:47 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"March the government of New Brunswick implemented a plan--the first in the country’s history--to provide financial incentives to political parties to field more female candidates in provincial elections" (p. 8).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Voters elected a record number of women in the October 2016 elections, although very few subsequently won leadership positions as ministers or parliamentary committee presidents" (page 23).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the introduction by most political parties of voluntary gender quotas into their nomination processes, resulting in a constant increase in the representation of women in Parliament, to 41.4 per cent in 2017, and an increase to 43 per cent of women candidates for local elections in 2015, and the requirement in the Local Government Act of a minimum of 40 per cent representation of women and men in appointed positions in municipalities and municipal companies, leading to women holding 43 per cent of positions in municipal executive boards in 2015" (10). "The Committee notes with concern, however, the underrepresentation of women from ethnic and minority backgrounds in...more
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of the Interior and the Presidential Council for Women’s Equity, with the support of the International Cooperation Gender Panel, are implementing the More Women More Democracy strategy as an indispensable tool for the promotion of women’s participation and recognition as political actors and the strengthening of gender equality agendas in peacebuilding and development in Colombia" (21). "In 2012 the Network of Women Mayors for Democracy and Peace was established as a way of articulating the interests, needs and proposals of women mayors in the country. The Network’s objective is to ensure greater participation of women, seeking the mainstreaming of a gender perspective in regional management" (22).more
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Meanwhile, at its meetings, the working group on the draft act discussed issues pertaining to definitions of 'temporary special measures' and 'gender quotas' in domestic legislation, with a view to eliminating gender gaps" (17).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Traditional societal practices continued to limit women’s participation in politics and activities outside the home and community, including the need to have a male escort or permission to work. These factors, in addition to an education and experience gap, likely contributed to the central government’s male-dominated composition. The 2013 electoral law reduced quotas for women on provincial councils from 25 percent to 20 percent and eliminated women’s quotas entirely for district and village councils. Neither district nor village councils had been established by year’s end" (23).
March 6, 2019, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Although both major parties declared they took steps to increase female participation, neither adopted party policies that would ensure a percentage of their candidates are women" (10).
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1

"Women faced no legal limits on participation in government and politics, but they occupied few senior roles" (20).
Feb. 26, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate" (26).
Feb. 21, 2019, 8:18 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Under Hosni Mubarak, there was a quota of 64 women MPs, 12% of the old parliament. But that positive discrimination initiative was also promoted by Susanne Mubarak and has been scrapped." (para 27).
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"International observers of the 2014 legislative elections noted some problems. These included unequal representation because of the failure to redraw electoral district lines to reflect population changes since 1999, the low number of female candidates, inequitable access to media to promote wider coverage of candidates, counting ballots on the day after elections, and the absence of legislation effectively governing the financing of political parties and candidates" (para 41).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"In 2012, £2.6 million was made available to help disabled people overcome barriers to becoming an elected official... Scottish Government has an Access to Elected Office Fund Scotland that supported candidates for local authority elections in May 2017 where 15 disabled candidates were successful of which seven are women" (15).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its concern about the limited institutional capacity of the national machinery for the advancement of women, and regrets the lack of participation by women in the Women’s Affairs Committee, in which only one of the five participating parliamentarians is a woman" (pg. 5). "The Committee welcomes the fact that some positive measures have been put in place to realize the rights of women, mainly by increasing their representation in the judiciary and the executive. However, it is concerned about the absence of clarity and the lack of temporary special measures, including statutory quotas, in various areas for the advancement of substantive equality of women and men in...more
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"It is also concerned that the lengthy delays in the adoption of the regulations to implement Decree No. 54-2016, to establish electoral quotas of 50 per cent of women candidates, may have a negative impact on their effective application, in particular concerning the internal elections of political parties currently under way and the effective inclusion of women in national elections. The Committee notes that a bill on harassment and political violence towards women is in process" (9).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its achievements in increasing the representation of women in Parliament by more than 30 per cent during the elections held in 2015. It is concerned, however, that those achievements were based on voluntary commitments of political parties to increasing the participation of women in politics and that there are no proposals to have more prescriptive measures to accelerate the participation of women in political life" (page 8).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"While the Cabinet rejected a proposal to impose a gender quota of 33 percent, it approved a proposal to support efforts and programs that enable women to participate in politics, including efforts to address gender inequality" (11).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has made substantial progress to ensure women’s equal participation with men in political life at the federal level. However, it is concerned at gaps in the federal and state electoral legal frameworks which may lead to the non-compliance of the gender quota system to register candidates in a proportion of 40-60 and that this quota system has not yet been incorporated in all the states’ electoral legislation". It is further concerned at the low number of indigenous women participating in the political life of the State party" (7). "The Committee recommends that the State party: a) Ensure that political parties are complying with...more
Nov. 14, 2018, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The report 'Balance of Women's Political Participartion in the 2018 Elections' highlights that, in the second opportunity in which legislative elections are held with application of the Gender Quota, the level of participation of women remained in a similar range to that registered in the composition of the Congress in 2014" (para 1).
Oct. 17, 2018, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Traditionally, the major political parties scout out their potential candidates. And typically, says Debbie Walsh, director of the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University, men are sought after more than women… 'Women are running whether or not Democrats and Republicans invite them to,' said Ange-Marie Hancock Alfaro, a political science professor at USC" (para 2-4). "Alfaro attributes the record-breaking turnout in large part to a groundswell in localized programs encouraging women to run and educating them on the process. Emily’s List — the leading nonprofit to help and recruit progressive Democratic women to run for office since 1985 — has played witness to that rise in interest"...more
Oct. 11, 2018, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Women are able to vote for the first time in some parts of the country" (para 3). "Almost 200 women are standing for local seats, split between the two main parties running" (para 10). Incentive to run for office came when voting rights did. Women are more likely to come into office when they can vote for each other. They may not be sure if voting rights will stay so it may be now or never (KYK-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 11, 2018, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Out of roughly 3,000 jobs advertised in the [state recruitment] exam, only 30 percent were designated for women...961 job opportunities belong exclusively to men, meaning that 30 percent of the jobs -- only 16 titles -- are for women. With zero job offers available for women, Iran's Islamic Propaganda Organization has the most discriminatory recruitment practice. The organization says that "wearing clerical garb" is mandatory for all applicants" (para 7-9). "Out of the 271 jobs advertised by the country's Prisons Organization, 31 would go exclusively to men while 13 were set aside for women, with the rest potentially open to both genders" (para 10).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"After more than a generation of struggle by women’s rights activists, Sri Lanka’s patriarchal political scheme has, reluctantly, opened up a bit to require that 25 percent of candidates in local elections be women" (para 2). "Only half of them belong to her United National Party. The rest are all independent candidates, joined with Ms. Hettiarachchi in the cause of seeing more female leaders in a society where some developmental indicators have been improving but where opportunity for women has changed little" (para 6). The article is talking about 11 candidates that work with Hettiarachchi who volunteers at the coalition, Mothers and Daughters of Lanka (CCS-CODER COMMENT). "Ambika Satkunanathan, a...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Mexico started with a mandatory 30 percent quota for female candidates in the 2003 elections and raised the threshold to 40 percent for the 2009 elections. But parties found many workarounds. They ran women in losing districts and forged deals so that women would resign once elected, yielding their seats to male alternates. A loophole exempted parties that held primaries from having to fill the quota — so parties called almost any internal selection process a 'primary'. But these maneuvers resulted in huge scandals. By 2009, prominent female politicians from the left and right pushed back, forming a cross-party coalition and pressing officials of the National Electoral Institute to rewrite...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Brazil has a 30 percent candidate quota for women, but fewer than 15 percent of those actually elected are women. It is tempting to blame voters because Brazil has a system in which voters pick their preferred candidates off the party’s electoral slate. But as research shows, the real problem is that parties run women in losing districts, give women fewer resources for their campaigns and generally fail to support female candidates" (para 8).