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Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-1

May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to ensure substantive equality of women and men by, among other things, seeking to implement the national gender policy through its strategic implementation framework and plan, which set the objective of having a 35 per cent quota for women occupying appointed and elected positions. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned: That the 35 per cent quota and other measures, including the 'Community Services, Women and Youth Employment” and “Growing Girls and Women in Nigeria' projects, lack a legislative basis that would ensure their enforcement" (6). "The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to improve women’s participation in political life, including through the trust fund...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to increase the participation of women in political and public life, including an increase in the number of women in the parliament. It is concerned, however, that women remain significantly underrepresented at the decision-making levels in the parliament and that they are concentrated in the public administration at the middle and lower levels only" (pg 8).
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The National Women’s Council’s goal is to build social awareness of the importance of gender equality in strengthening democracy by championing gender-orientated public policies that help to eliminate the various forms of discrimination against women and promote social conditions that guarantee them effective enjoyment of their rights. In pursuit of this goal, by Resolution No. 6 of 14 July 2009 the Council, which is subordinate to the National Council for the Coordination of Social Policies, established the institutional capacity-building programme for regional and municipal women’s offices and civil society organizations. The aim of this capacity-building programme is to contribute to the development of public policies that promote equality between men...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned that the [30 percent minimum] quota [for women at all levels of national life] has not been effective in accelerating the achievement of substantive equality of women and men, especially in appointed and elected decision-making positions, public administration, and in academia where women are underrepresented or disadvantaged" (6). "No woman has been elected into the Parliament since the introduction of [the 30 percent] quota" (9).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2, LBHO-DATA-1

"The Committee acknowledges the successful implementation of mandatory quotas for national, local and European elections, which resulted in a significant increase in the representation of Slovenian women in the national parliament (35.6 per cent), local councils (31.8 per cent) and the European Parliament (50 per cent)" (8).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"For example, SA’s Strategic Plan is targeting an increase in the percentage of women nominating to stand in local, state and federal government elections in the state" (Pg 23). SA stands for south Australia (EJ-Coder Comment).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The new law on elections to the National Assembly and People’s Councils requires 35percent of final candidates for these two bodies to be women and 18 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly to be from minority groups. Nonetheless, women continued underrepresented in political bodies. There were 122 women (approximately 24 percent) in the National Assembly; two female ministers in the 28-member cabinet; two women in the 16-member Politburo, one of whom was ethnic Thai minority; and one woman on the Supreme People’s Court" (36).
April 20, 2018, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"the Committee is concerned about the underrepresentation of women in senior positions in the Government as well as their representation in Parliament. It notes with concern that the proposed Quota Act was rejected by Parliament and no other measures have been undertaken to address the situation" (6)
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Women continue to be significantly underrepresented in the Council of States and the National Council, with the overall proportion of women in the Government continuing to be low following the most recent federal elections, in October 2015" (Pg 11).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the legislative measures taken by the State party to promote women’s political participation, including the amendment of the Electoral Code in 2012 in relation to parliamentary elections establishing a minimum quota of 30 per cent of candidates from both sexes and the 2015 amendment establishing a 50 per cent quota for candidates for local elections. It also notes that the number of women in political and public life has increased, albeit without attaining the quota required under the Gender Equality Law, in particular for decision-making positions in both the public and private sectors. The Committee is concerned, however, that women belonging to disadvantaged or marginalized groups, such...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The will to promote the participation of women led to the adoption of Act No. 010-2009/AN of 16 April 2009, which establishes quotas for legislative and municipal elections and marks a significant change in the legal framework for women’s political rights. It aims to promote their full participation in political life by ensuring that any political party’s candidate lists effectively include at least 30 per cent of persons of either gender (see section on article 4). However, the above Act has shortcomings. Thus, the proposed quotas do not go far enough towards gender parity on candidate lists and the penalties are not dissuasive enough. Surveys conducted in 2012 on the...more
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the State party has re-established a minimum quota of 30 per cent for women candidates on the electoral lists of political parties in parliamentary elections. The Committee is concerned, however, about the lack of implementation in practice of temporary special measures in the State party" (Pg 4). "While welcoming the increased participation of women in public service and in the judiciary, the Committee remains concerned at the low percentage of women in political and public life, in particular in decision-making positions, including in the parliament, notwithstanding the 30 per cent quota for women candidates on party lists and in public administration, owing to persistent...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Act no. 17 (2005), which gives women the right to vote and stand as candidates in all elections and referendums, has helped greatly to promote women’s participation in political, social and economic life and given women the opportunity to take part in all elections. As such, discrimination against women’s political participation has been eliminated and they have begun to exercise a natural and constructive role in society" (15)
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the gross underrepresentation of women in public and political life and the lack of capacity-building for political party and labour union representatives with regard to women’s rights, and regrets that the bill that would have provided for a 30 per cent minimum quota for women’s representation on the candidate lists of political parties for parliamentary elections was not adopted. It is concerned about the strong political resistance to the adoption of temporary special measures to effectively promote the equal participation of women in public and political life. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Take all appropriate measures to increase the number of women...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the efforts of the State party to increase the representation of women in political and public life, which have steadily reaped results. However, the Committee is concerned that the parity law of 2006 establishes a minimum quota of 33.3 per cent for candidates of each sex on electoral lists for European, national and local elections, whereas parity may be seen as meaning equal (50-50) representation. In addition, the Committee notes that the parity law has had a limited effect at the local level and that its effectiveness is hampered by the leniency of the sanctions applied in the event of failure to comply with the quota. The...more
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned at the low representation of women in decision-making positions, in particular in the diplomatic service (ambassadors: 0 per cent) and in other international organizations, as well as at the community level (regional heads: 0 per cent; elected mayors: 5 per cent; heads of fokontany assemblies: 2.6 per cent). It is particularly concerned that past efforts to introduce measures, including temporary special measures, to remedy the unequal participation of women in political and public life have not succeeded before the National Assembly. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Amend its electoral law by introducing statutory quotas, including sanctions for non-compliance, for increased representation of women...more
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to ensure de facto equality of women and men by, among other things, amending the Elections Law, which now provides that lists of candidates fielded by political parties should contain a minimum of 30 per cent of each gender. The Committee is, however, concerned that the legislation does not provide for sanctions to enforce the quota" (6).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"While noting the slight increase in the number of women elected as heads of mahalla, the Committee remains concerned at the low percentage of women in political and public life, in particular in decision-making positions, including the decline of women’s representation in the Oliy Majlis (from 22 to 16 per cent), notwithstanding the 30 per cent quota for women candidates on party lists, and in the public administration (27 per cent), the civil service (19 per cent), the judiciary (13 per cent) and the diplomatic service (only 3 per cent of ambass adors are women), owing to persistent traditional and patriarchal attitudes, the lack of effective temporary special measures and...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Significantly, progress was reflected in women taking up at least 30% of the positions in all elective bodies, with the exception of the hillside communities in which, on average, women hold 20% of the elected positions" (7). If women are holding at least 30% of elected positions, that indicates that the quotas are working without limiting women's involvement (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "Women’s participation in the general elections of 2010 (five polls: elections of the members of the communal councils; of the Head of State; lower house members of parliament; senators; and members of the hillside community councils) was greater than men’s, as shown in the following Table, which indicates that on...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"The Committee commends the State party for its achievements in attaining 47 per cent representation of women in Parliament during the presidential and parliamentary elections held in 2014. The Committee is concerned, however, that those achievements were based on voluntary commitments of political parties to increase the participation of women in politics and that proposals to amend the electoral law, with the aim of having more prescriptive measures to accelerate the participation of women in political life, were rejected. The Committee is particularly concerned at the low representation of women in the judiciary, ministerial positions and senior positions in the diplomatic service, and at the regional and local levels of...more
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 1475 (2011), which establishes a 30 per cent quota for women in the electoral lists by the political parties. However, it is concerned that the implementation of the Law does not translate to an increase in the number of elected women owing to inefficiencies in the composition of electoral lists. It is also concerned at the stagnant low representation of women in the Congress (less than 18 per cent) and at the absence of the representation of Afro-Colombian women therein. It regrets that, despite the allocation of seats for indigenous peoples in the Congress, indigenous women are not represented. It notes the...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"While noting that section 86 of the Constitution sets a quota of 30 per cent representation of women in Parliament, the Committee is concerned that such provisions were not fully implemented in the 2008 and 2013 parliamentary elections and that temporary special measures are not being used in other areas covered by the Convention, such as participation of women in public life, education and employment, in order to accelerate the achievement of substantive or de facto equality of women and men. The Committee calls upon the State party to fully invoke the legislative provisions on temporary special measures to increase the representation of women in Parliament. It also recommends that...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2012 the M/WA has been conducting a one year Diploma course on political participation of women at grass roots level to motivate women to enter politics. The training programmes have been completed covering nearly 200 women leaders including Tamil women. Many other advocacy, awareness-raising and capacity building programmes have been conducted to encourage women. However, the number of women elected to Parliament and to Provincial Councils has not increased" (18). "However, continuous attention is being made to encourage women to assume public officers as Members of Parliament and Provincial bodies. As explained at paragraph 60, it is likely that participation will increase with the implementation of the Work Plan...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Government is well aware of the difficulties that have at times affected the application of the Act and is working to overcome them. Moreover, in collaboration with civil society, MP/PF/PE has drawn up talking points in favour of raising the quota percentages. Draft legislation to that effect has been submitted to the Government" (pg 7). "Niger’s public policies are focused on the reduction of disparities between men and women. Such are the goals of the National Gender Policy and the quota legislation" (pg 9). "The decentralization brought to Niger by the first municipal elections of 2004 is giving women more opportunities to be represented in local decision-making spheres. However,...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"In this respect we note that over the years there have been some initiatives to promote the representation of gender quotas in party documents, in the election process. The deadlock in this respect is determined by different approaches of the concerned subject, the persistence of gender stereotypes on the women’s political leadership" (Pg 9). "Overall in the country a positive dynamic in women’s participation in public and political decision-making process has been noted. At the same time women remain underrepresented both in elections, and in political process, as well as in decision-making, the mentioned figures do not reflect by far the demographic structure of the population, where women account for...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"In 2010, most of the political parties signed a charter pledging to promote Palestinian women’s participation in political decision-making by ensuring that women held a minimum of 30 per cent of overall positions; increasing the number of decision-making positions held by women in political parties and organizations as well as the number of women on the electoral lists of local and legislative bodies; and nominating women for inclusion on electoral lists in order to increase their chances of success. However, some parties did not commit to enforcing that minimum level of participation" (16). "The effects of the legislative changes [instituting a female quota] were felt in most recent Legislative Council...more
Feb. 10, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"In preparation for the coming parliamentary elections, in 2004, the Uzbek Parliament adopted the amendment, which sets the obligatory gender quota of 30% for both chambers of the Parliament. The change in the law contributed to an ample shift of women`s participation in political life of Uzbekistan and their role in policy-making process. After Parliamentary elections in 2010, the number of women in Parliament significantly increased" (Para 3). "While 31.8% of the total number of candidates at the parliament elections of 2014 were women, the required 30% female quota has not been reached" (Para 3). "The increasing number of female candidates at the parliamentary elections demonstrates that the state adheres...more
Feb. 7, 2018, noon
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"While commending the State party’s effort to strengthen female political leadership through the establishment of the “600 women leaders for Chile” Programme, the Committee is concerned about the low participation of women in Government, in both chambers of Parliament, the diplomatic service and the judiciary, as well as in the function of mayor and municipal councillor" (6).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Sami political parties have achieved positive results in their work to increase women’s participation in the popularly elected assembly of the Sami Parliament. An exchange of knowledge and experience with Sami women in Norway, Finland and Russia has also been initiated. Sami women have been involved in the action the Government has taken alongside this for women’s entrepreneurship" (page 9). "The Government is working for broader and gender equal participation in elected assemblies. In June 2014 the Government appointed an inquiry on democratic participation and influence. The inquiry’s remit will include reviewing the conditions for elected representatives. It is also to present proposals for measures that can encourage more...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee reiterates its previous concern that temporary special measures are not sufficiently applied as a necessary strategy to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality between women and men in all areas covered by the Convention, with particular attention to promote the representation of women at the decision-making level in both the public and private sectors," (5). "The Committee welcomes the revision of Law No. 010-2009 of 16 April 2009 (Quota Law), to raise the representation of either sex on the candidate lists for legislative and municipal elections from 30 to 50 per cent and the rejection of any candidate list that does not respect this quota. It further welcomes...more