The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee commends the State party on its achievements in increasing the representation of women in Parliament by more than 30 per cent during the elections held in 2015. It is concerned, however, that those achievements were based on voluntary commitments of political parties to increasing the participation of women in politics and that there are no proposals to have more prescriptive measures to accelerate the participation of women in political life" (page 8).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"While the Cabinet rejected a proposal to impose a gender quota of 33 percent, it approved a proposal to support efforts and programs that enable women to participate in politics, including efforts to address gender inequality" (11).
Nov. 15, 2018, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes that the State party has made substantial progress to ensure women’s equal participation with men in political life at the federal level. However, it is concerned at gaps in the federal and state electoral legal frameworks which may lead to the non-compliance of the gender quota system to register candidates in a proportion of 40-60 and that this quota system has not yet been incorporated in all the states’ electoral legislation". It is further concerned at the low number of indigenous women participating in the political life of the State party" (7). "The Committee recommends that the State party: a) Ensure that political parties are complying with...more
Nov. 14, 2018, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The report 'Balance of Women's Political Participartion in the 2018 Elections' highlights that, in the second opportunity in which legislative elections are held with application of the Gender Quota, the level of participation of women remained in a similar range to that registered in the composition of the Congress in 2014" (para 1).
Oct. 17, 2018, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Traditionally, the major political parties scout out their potential candidates. And typically, says Debbie Walsh, director of the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University, men are sought after more than women… 'Women are running whether or not Democrats and Republicans invite them to,' said Ange-Marie Hancock Alfaro, a political science professor at USC" (para 2-4). "Alfaro attributes the record-breaking turnout in large part to a groundswell in localized programs encouraging women to run and educating them on the process. Emily’s List — the leading nonprofit to help and recruit progressive Democratic women to run for office since 1985 — has played witness to that rise in interest"...more
Oct. 11, 2018, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Women are able to vote for the first time in some parts of the country" (para 3). "Almost 200 women are standing for local seats, split between the two main parties running" (para 10). Incentive to run for office came when voting rights did. Women are more likely to come into office when they can vote for each other. They may not be sure if voting rights will stay so it may be now or never (KYK-CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 11, 2018, 7:26 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Out of roughly 3,000 jobs advertised in the [state recruitment] exam, only 30 percent were designated for women...961 job opportunities belong exclusively to men, meaning that 30 percent of the jobs -- only 16 titles -- are for women. With zero job offers available for women, Iran's Islamic Propaganda Organization has the most discriminatory recruitment practice. The organization says that "wearing clerical garb" is mandatory for all applicants" (para 7-9). "Out of the 271 jobs advertised by the country's Prisons Organization, 31 would go exclusively to men while 13 were set aside for women, with the rest potentially open to both genders" (para 10).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"After more than a generation of struggle by women’s rights activists, Sri Lanka’s patriarchal political scheme has, reluctantly, opened up a bit to require that 25 percent of candidates in local elections be women" (para 2). "Only half of them belong to her United National Party. The rest are all independent candidates, joined with Ms. Hettiarachchi in the cause of seeing more female leaders in a society where some developmental indicators have been improving but where opportunity for women has changed little" (para 6). The article is talking about 11 candidates that work with Hettiarachchi who volunteers at the coalition, Mothers and Daughters of Lanka (CCS-CODER COMMENT). "Ambika Satkunanathan, a...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Mexico started with a mandatory 30 percent quota for female candidates in the 2003 elections and raised the threshold to 40 percent for the 2009 elections. But parties found many workarounds. They ran women in losing districts and forged deals so that women would resign once elected, yielding their seats to male alternates. A loophole exempted parties that held primaries from having to fill the quota — so parties called almost any internal selection process a 'primary'. But these maneuvers resulted in huge scandals. By 2009, prominent female politicians from the left and right pushed back, forming a cross-party coalition and pressing officials of the National Electoral Institute to rewrite...more
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Brazil has a 30 percent candidate quota for women, but fewer than 15 percent of those actually elected are women. It is tempting to blame voters because Brazil has a system in which voters pick their preferred candidates off the party’s electoral slate. But as research shows, the real problem is that parties run women in losing districts, give women fewer resources for their campaigns and generally fail to support female candidates" (para 8).
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The local elections law adopted in 2014 has given way to an unprecedented participation of women, candidates under the age of 35 and people with special needs. The law provides for the principle of gender parity, and this was the first election in the history of Tunisia to have equal numbers of male and female candidates on party, independent and coalition lists" (para. 2).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Regarding the Committee’s concluding remark 31 on the low representation of women in the Consultative Council, Government, judiciary and diplomatic corps, the Sultanate is keen on women’s participation in all institutions and councils. Omani women hold various positions in Government, the diplomatic corps and the Public Prosecutor’s Office. Concerning the Consultative Council and the judiciary, despite Government encouragement of women to seek positions in these establishments through elections or competition, cultural and social factors (as indicated above) impede women from obtaining such positions. Nonetheless, assiduous action is currently being taken to empower women to obtain high-ranking positions through elections or competition or through support alternatives pursuant to royal decrees" (Pg...more
Sept. 15, 2018, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"'There are more than 100 wards with no female representation...Part of the problem is the culture we have within councils. Many councillors are part-time and require another job on top of that. If you add in unpaid care, or caring responsibilites, that’s a lot for women to carry'" (para 9). "'But there was an increase in women councillors at the last election - unlike at Holyrood, which reached a peak during the 2003-2007 parliamentary term when 40 per cent of MSPs were women. This illustrates that progress isn’t linear and why we need legislation for candidate quotas'" (para 10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"While commending the State party’s effort to strengthen female political leadership through the establishment of the “600 women leaders for Chile” Programme, the Committee is concerned about the low participation of women in Government, in both chambers of Parliament, the diplomatic service and the judiciary, as well as in the function of mayor and municipal councillor" (6).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Observers commented that some female politicians served as “placeholders” when male members of their dynastic political families had to leave office due to term limits. Media commentators also expressed concern that political dynasties limited the opportunities for female candidates not connected to political families to seek nomination" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Although some traditional practices discouraged women from engaging in political participation, the government prioritized women’s participation and running for office in the October FNC elections. Women constituted 40 percent of the electoral pool appointed by the emirates’ rulers and 22 percent of FNC candidates" (19). "The government took some steps to advance the rights of women and promote their role in all sectors of society such as encouraging their participation as candidates in the October FNC election" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"In 2013 parliament passed a law creating five reserved seats for women on the Port Vila Municipal Council (PVMC) as a temporary special measure to increase women’s political participation. In January 2014, 43 women contested unsuccessfully for general seats in the PVMC elections; reserved seats went to the top five vote getters. Women interested in running for public office received encouragement from the Vanuatu Council of Women and the Department of Women’s Affairs, which also offered training programs" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The new law on elections to the National Assembly and People’s Councils requires 35percent of final candidates for these two bodies to be women and 18 percent of final candidates for the National Assembly to be from minority groups. Nonetheless, women continued underrepresented in political bodies. There were 122 women (approximately 24 percent) in the National Assembly; two female ministers in the 28-member cabinet; two women in the 16-member Politburo, one of whom was ethnic Thai minority; and one woman on the Supreme People’s Court" (36).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

“the Committee is concerned at: . . . The fact that the Electoral (Amendment) (Political Funding) Act of 2012 [which sets out sanctions for political parties that do not meet the requirement of at least 30 per cent women and 30 per cent men as candidates for elections] does not extend to local government elections” (9)
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

“The Committee also commends the State party for the 2012 amendment to the Electoral Act of 1997 (see para. 34 (b) below), which sets out sanctions for political parties that do not meet the requirement of at least 30 per cent women and 30 per cent men as candidates for elections. However, the Committee is concerned that temporary special measures under the Electoral Act do not extend to local government elections and there are no measures in other areas such as in higher education” (6)
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the increased representation of women in the Government, the public service and the judiciary, including at the decision-making level . . . The Committee remains concerned, however, about the underrepresentation of women from vulnerable groups, such as indigenous and Muslim women, in all areas of political and public life, and about the lack of information on the adoption of a political party development act, which could mandate parties to apply quotas in the selection of candidates" (page 8).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Amendments to the Law on Election of Counsellors and MPs from 2011, for the first time in Montenegro introduces the quota system on electoral candidate lists — whose aim is to enhance women participation in the bodies of representative government. The Law stipulates that an electoral list needs to have at least 30 per cent of candidates of a less represented sex, in order for it to be approved by the State Electoral Commission. Apart from this, there were no other guarantees, such as order on the list, by which higher percentage of women in the national and local parliaments would be ensured. Political parties applied this provision in...more
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

“the Law for the Election of Councillors and Representatives, providing for a 30 per cent quota for women candidates on the electoral lists of political parties, does not require that every third place on such a list be given to a woman candidate” (9)
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned about the underrepresentation of women in political and public life, including in the parliament and in high-level decision-making positions in the Government, and the absence of measures designed to promote and support women candidates for elected bodies. Uruguay is below the regional average data with regard to the participation of women in parliament. The Committee regrets that Act No. 18.476 of 3 April 2009, which provides for the equal political participation of women and men in elected bodies, was applied only once during the elections of 2014" (page 9).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"As was reported in depth in the 2012 supplementary report, the Act to promote participation in politics by persons of both sexes includes special measures and temporary special measures that will be implemented only once, during the national and municipal elections of 2014–2015. A bill was also tabled aiming to extend the quota law to the post-election period and is under study in Parliament. At the recent parliamentary elections of October 2014, no great progress was seen in the participation of women in the legislature, as those elected accounted for 17.7 per cent of the total. A comparison of the two periods shows that in 2014 more than twice as...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the successful implementation of temporary special measures (through reserved seats) at the parliamentary level, which resulted in a significant increase in the representation of women in the National Assembly (36.6 per cent) following the recent elections. It also notes with appreciation the high representation of women in the Government (32.3 per cent)" (page 9).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"Government has an aspirational goal of 45 per cent participation of women on State sector boards. As at December 2015, women made up 43.4 per cent of State sector boards and committees. This is a significant increase on 41.7 per cent in 2014. In 2015, 51.4 per cent of ministerial appointments to boards were women" (page 13).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee regrets that, notwithstanding the constitutional two-thirds gender rule and the presidential decree on affirmative action of 2006, gender parity has not been achieved for elected or appointed offices. It is concerned about barriers that prevent women from participating in political and public life on an equal basis with men, including threats and violence at all levels of political and public life" (8)
May 15, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to ensure substantive equality of women and men by, among other things, seeking to implement the national gender policy through its strategic implementation framework and plan, which set the objective of having a 35 per cent quota for women occupying appointed and elected positions. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned: That the 35 per cent quota and other measures, including the 'Community Services, Women and Youth Employment” and “Growing Girls and Women in Nigeria' projects, lack a legislative basis that would ensure their enforcement" (6). "The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to improve women’s participation in political life, including through the trust fund...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to increase the participation of women in political and public life, including an increase in the number of women in the parliament. It is concerned, however, that women remain significantly underrepresented at the decision-making levels in the parliament and that they are concentrated in the public administration at the middle and lower levels only" (pg 8).