The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-2

Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Thirteen years ago, Theresa Kachindamoto could not have conceived of ever leaving her job of 27 years as a secretary at a city college in Zomba, another district in Southern Malawi. She had no desire to return home to Monkey Bay, a stunning cluster of mountains in Dedza District around Lake Malawi. Although she had the blood of chiefs - Malawi's traditional authority figures - running through her veins, as the youngest of 12 siblings, a woman, and a mother of five, Kachindamoto never expected to become a senior chief to the more than 900,000 people. But when the chiefs called, she says, they told her to pack her bags...more
Dec. 13, 2018, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"More importantly, we want to raise our serious concern over the lack of transparency and consultation with women in regard to the substantive provisions of the National Unity Government Agreement that was signed between President Ashraf Ghani and Mr. Abdullah Abdullah" (3). "During the election campaign, President Ashraf Ghani and Mr. Abdullah Abdullah both promised to uplift the status of the women population. However, both of them had also left the women out of the information and consultation loops while negotiating on the provisions of the National Unity Government agreement" (4).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Women are not protected by anti-discrimination laws in Burma and certain laws, regulations, and policies directly and indirectly discriminate against women. Differential treatment is premised on the notion that women require 'protection' or that they are not suited for certain positions, especially decision-making roles" (page 4).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"Traditional attitudes sometimes hindered women from holding high office or playing active roles in political life, although there were no legal restrictions on the participation of women or minorities in politics" (page 24).
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"During the 2014 election cycle, the KPU enforced the rule, and all major parties abided by it. The number of women in parliament fell after the 2014 elections, however, from 18 to 17 percent of DPR seats and from 27 to 13 percent of DPD seats" (para 117)
Oct. 17, 2018, 2:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Traditionally, the major political parties scout out their potential candidates. And typically, says Debbie Walsh, director of the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University, men are sought after more than women" (para 3).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Religious leaders have openly urged their congregations not to vote for women" (para 3). "'Men in Sri Lanka have for too long dominated politics, and they are now, I think, experiencing delayed shock and denial,' said Chulani Kodikara, a researcher and doctoral candidate at the University of Edinburgh. 'I think the backlash is manifesting in many different ways — from parties not taking the quota too seriously, and therefore not giving sufficient nominations to women at the ward level, to some political leaders telling voters not to vote for women and some Muslim religious leaders trying to make a theological argument against women coming into politics,' Ms. Kodikara said (para...more
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee remains concerned at the persistence in political discourse, in the media and in society of deep-rooted patriarchal attitudes and discriminatory stereotypes concerning the roles and responsibilities of women and men in the family, which perpetuate women’s subordination within the family and society and are reflected in, among other things, women’s educational and professional choices, their limited participation in political and public life, their unequal participation in the labour market and their unequal status in family relations. The Committee recalls that such discriminatory stereotypes are also root causes of violence against women and expresses concern that, to date, the State party has not taken sustained measures to modify or...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Abdel Rahim told Al-Monitor, 'We hope a woman can fill the position of president or prime minister for the first time in the elections that will be held in 2019,' while saying that the patriarchal view that still prevails is preventing her from becoming the first woman to head the Tunis municipality" (para. 4). "Iman al-Amer, a winning candidate for Nidaa Tunis in the Manouba governorate municipality of Bordj El Amri, where Nidaa Tunis got the most the votes, attributed the increasing representation of women in the municipal elections to the Tunisian people's awareness of the importance of females in political life" (para. 13).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The political leadership and the Government have encouraged the political participation of women in Parliament. They seek to strengthen the presence of women despite the outcomes of the democratic electoral process. Only one woman obtained a seat in the Consultative Council for the 2011-2015 term and one for the 2016-2019 term. Given the low participation of women in Parliament as a result of the elections, royal orders were issued to appoint 15 women to the Council of State, so that women represent 18 per cent of the members of the Council. This exceptional measure is an opportunity to ensure the voice and participation of women in the Council. While orders...more
Sept. 12, 2018, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Earlier this month (may, 2018), Lebanon voted in parliamentary elections to fill seats based on a new system of proportional representation... Women occupied six of the 128 seats. This small number looks even smaller when one takes into account that there were 111 female candidates out of 976 total. These figures indicate how difficult it is for women to become legislative representatives and decision-makers... The May 6 election showed ... that women do want to take part in national decision-making, but when they set out to do so, they find obstacles in their way" (para. 1 - 2 ). "It has become commonplace to see a small number of women...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"It regrets that the persistence of patriarchal attitudes and stereotypes and the lack of temporary special measures continue to impede women’s participation in Parliament and in decision-making positions at the State and municip levels, including indigenous women" (6).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Traditional attitudes regarding male dominance and customary familial roles hampered women’s participation in political life" (8).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

“women, including women belonging to minorities, continue to be underrepresented in public and political life” (9)
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

“women’s participation in political life is additionally hampered by widespread patriarchal attitudes, as well as the rather limited public dialogue and media coverage on women’s political participation” (9)
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Bias and stereotypical views exclude women from leadership roles, career progression and employment opportunities" (page 53).
June 8, 2018, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The result (election of the first female prime minister) a vote for a more inclusive and transparent kind of leadership for Barbados" (para 4). "I think that there was some hurt in the society (from the election of the first female prime minister) in respect of some of the decisions that had to be made" (para 11).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"The Committee is concerned about the low participation of women at all levels of decision-making, both national and local, including within the Government and the parliament, which is below the global average and has even decreased following the elections of November 2015, and among the judiciary and civil service, and the lack of specific steps to address the underlying causes, including prevailing social and cultural attitudes" (page 13).
May 31, 2018, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"As Lebanon heads to the polls on Sunday, a record number of women will contest parliamentary seats. There are currently only four women MPs in Lebanon, barely 3 percent of the country’s 184-member parliament, but the 86 women candidates running this cycle hope to change that. A prior attempt to legislate a 30 percent gender quota as part of a new electoral law failed last year, and many of the women running are listed as independents, in part because traditional parties will not place women in viable positions on their candidate lists. Nevertheless, these women remain undaunted: 'We believe we are a catalyst for change in this country,' said Kholoud...more
May 4, 2018, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, GP-DATA-1

"It’s only on the surface that South Korea has made strides toward equality for women. The first female president currently leads the nation" (pp 7)
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Structural barriers and gender bias with regard to the realization of women’s engagement in political and public life continue to exclude women from decision-making positions in both elected and appointed positions in public office, political parties, the judiciary, academic institutions and public broadcasting corporations" (Pg 11).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"A recent survey indicates that women are not interested in contesting elections even if given an opportunity and that politics is an area which is better suited for men" (18).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"According to the Global Gender Gap Report (2013), women make up some 54 per cent of the voting population in Kenya, which certainly should provide a platform from which more women can reach elected positions without the need of an Affirmative Action in order to be at par with their male counterparts. However, women accounted for only 46 per cent of voters who actually turned out in the 2013 election. Kenyan women continue to fair dismally in the male dominated political arena. Similarly, in the March 4th, 2013 general elections, none of the 47 counties voted in at least 10 women where up to 18 counties did not elect any...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"In this respect we note that over the years there have been some initiatives to promote the representation of gender quotas in party documents, in the election process. The deadlock in this respect is determined by different approaches of the concerned subject, the persistence of gender stereotypes on the women’s political leadership" (Pg 9). If quotas for women's participation in government are not being reached, it would imply that the stereotype concerning women is that they are not good political leaders (EJ-Coder Comment).
Feb. 10, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Every discussion about women’s participation in politics or their empowerment ends with an unbeatable argument brought by families that politics is a man’s job" (Para 6).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about the persistence of stereotypes that discriminate against women in the State party, as reflected by exclusive decision-making by men in both the public and private spheres and women’s relegation to a reproductive role," (5).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the initiatives undertaken by the State party to encourage women’s participation in leadership positions. It regrets, however, that, their high levels of education and economic empowerment notwithstanding, women continue to be underrepresented in political and public life, in particular in the parliament and local councils and in decision-making positions" (pg 7). The underrepresentation of women implies that society does not consider them to be good political leaders' (EJ-Coder Comment).
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Those who watch TV are more likely to say political leadership positions should be equal for both men and women (48.6 percent) compared to those who don’t watch TV (30.9 percent)" (para 10). "Pashtuns are less likely to support gender equality in political leadership positions (32.7 percent), than are Hazaras (57.1 percent)" (para 12). Figure 2 (Support for Women’s Rights by Gender) shows that 51% of women say that political leadership positions should be equal for men and women, while just 34% percent of men agree. Figure 1 (Acceptable Employment Venues for Women, By Education Attainment) shows that among those with no education, government offices are considered acceptable employment for...more
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: CLCC-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-DATA-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"Women participated in political life on the same basis as men"(13)
Dec. 2, 2017, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"We have to change mentalities [that men are better in politics] by a constant presence in every election..." (para 12).