The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-2

Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Some observers believed cultural and traditional factors prevented women from participating in political life to the same extent as men" (page 34).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"Women and minorities generally participated in the political system without formal restriction, although significant cultural and social barriers largely excluded women from decision-making positions" (Pg 42).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"It further notes with concern that women are excluded from full participation in traditional political functions" (9).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Tradition and relative socioeconomic disadvantage limited the participation of women, some castes, and some ethnic groups in the political process, including as elected officials. The larger political parties had associated women’s wings, youth wings, trade unions, and social organizations. Women, youth, and minorities complained that party leaders, mostly upper-caste men from the central hills, prohibited meaningful political participation despite the existence of certain quotas for participation" (Pg 22).
July 18, 2019, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Article 7: Elimination of discrimination against women in the political and public life. The aforementioned case of the RPO, 1972 and as well as the enactment of the Union Parishad Act (amended), 2010 and the Upazilla (sub-district) Act (amended), 2014 demonstrate the government’s commitment in this regard. However, what could be a legitimate criticism is its actual implementation or more precisely, the way these laws are implemented. Given the current politically intolerant climate in Bangladesh which endures for the best part of the last four decades of the country’s history, the deepening of grassroots governance with more women leaders remains a very long-term goal indeed" (14).
July 18, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3, GIC-LAW-1

"Representation of women in public life, however, was very low. Women constituted 10 percent of members of parliament, and there were no female ministers. Only 13 percent of sub-cabinetlevel government state secretaries were women. In May 2016 the UN Working Group on the Issue of Discrimination against Women in Law and in Practice, in a statement following an official visit, noted 'pervasive and severe gender stereotyping of women which undoubtedly contributed to their low level of political participation.' The working group expressed concern over 'some public officials who legitimize and justify the low representation of women in politics'" (Pg 23).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"it remains concerned that female candidates face gender stereotypes in the media and among politicians" (7).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Cultural and traditional factors, however, reduced women’s political participation compared to that of men. Women remained underrepresented at all levels of government, but their political participation continued to improve" (Pg 23).
July 13, 2019, 12:03 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Sudanese women have always been the first enemy of the regime’s political religious fundamentalism… Meriem is vice president of The National Umma Party (a political party opposing the regime)" (1).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"In 2016, the Royal School of Administration, in collaboration with the MCS, MoI and MoWA, provided a special 100-hour training course for 80 female leaders (Secretary and Under Secretary of States) on three reform areas of Public Administration, Decentralization and De-concentration, Public Finance and related policies of the government" (21). "Gender has been mainstreamed in the National Program for Sub-National Democratic Development 2010–2019 and the three-year Implementation Plans (IP3) by emphasizing gender equality and women’s empowerment in local governance through equal participation and access for women and men in leadership and decision-making positions. Through the NCDD’s Social Accountability Framework, which aims to strengthen the demand for good governance at the...more
July 8, 2019, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, GP-DATA-3

"Legal status and rights under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws are the same for men and women. The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and the National Women’s Committee promoted the legal rights of women. Women historically have held leadership positions across all sectors of society, although they were not as prevalent as men, and cultural and religious practices limited their effectiveness. The government provided little data that could be used to determine whether women experienced discrimination in access to employment or credit or were paid less for substantially similar work. The labor code prohibits women from working in many industries open to men" (Pg 29).more
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, about the delay in the adoption of the bill, and that, 20 years after the introduction of quotas for elections, the representation of women in the parliament and in other areas, including ministerial positions, remains low" (8).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"In January 2017 RMPCV conducted, in partnership with ICIEG, a workshop on Parity Mechanisms for Women’s Political Participation, gathering Parliamentarians, the Alliance of Women of Santiago (women politically engaged at local level), civil society leaders, enabling in depth analysis of the issue. A commitment declaration was signed (Declaration of Rui Vaz) for the formulation, adoption and implementation of a Parity Law: it was presented and discussed with political parties and the country’s highest authorities. Another result of the workshop was an Advocacy Action Plan for Gender Parity in Cabo Verde (2017–2019), which is being implemented jointly by RMPCV and ICIEG" (17).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, GP-DATA-1

"The Committee is concerned at the low representation of women in political and public life, in decision-making positions, in particular in the State Duma and the Federal Council, in ministerial positions and in the diplomatic service, owing to persistent traditional and patriarchal attitudes, the lack of adequate measures, including temporary special measures, and insufficient capacity-building and campaign funding for potential women candidates, which impede the effective participation of women in political life" (7).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee commends the State party on the consistently high rate of representation of women in political and public life and welcomes the work on gender mainstreaming of the Sami parliament" (9).
May 13, 2019, 2:21 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Federal Equality Act (2015) and Act on the Equal Participation of Women and Men in Leadership Positions (2015)" (2). "The Committee welcomes the measures adopted by the State party to advance the participation of women in political and public life. Nevertheless, it remains concerned that structural barriers to and discriminatory stereotypes relating to women’s engagement in political and public life continue to exclude women from decision-making positions in both elected and appointed positions in public office and within political parties, the judiciary and academia" (11).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Cultural beliefs restricted participation of most indigenous women in political life" (14).
May 9, 2019, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Table 1 shows comparative data from five selected countries. Guyana’s political empowerment ranking was strong at 28 among 135 countries in 2011, but slowly declined to its lowest at 37 among 145 countries in 2015. Among its Latin America and Caribbean neighbours, Guyana ranks first at 66 for political empowerment, but in its overall gender gap index in 2015, Guyana follows Trinidad and Tobago" (10). Table 1 in page 10 shows the a comparative perspective for political empowerment Rank for Guyana, Brazil, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela. Brazil was ranked 114 out of 135 un 2011, 72 out of 135 in 2012, 68 out of 136 in 2013, 74...more
May 2, 2019, 3 p.m.
Countries: Brazil, Suriname, Trinidad/Tobago, Venezuela
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

Table 1 in page 10 shows the a comparative perspective for political empowerment Rank for Guyana, Brazil, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and Venezuela. Brazil was ranked 114 out of 135 un 2011, 72 out of 135 in 2012, 68 out of 136 in 2013, 74 out of 142 in 2014, 89 out of 145 in 2015. It's overall rank is 85. Guyana was ranked 28 out of 135 in 2011, 32 out of 135 in 2012, 33 out of 136 in 2013, 34 out of 142 in 2014, 37 out of 145 in 2015. It's overall rank is 66. Suriname was ranked 95 out of 135 in 2011, 107 out...more
April 29, 2019, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"More than 1000 young female activists have been supported to run for the upcoming Local Councils elections in the frame of Women’s Voices Project supported by Fund for Gender Equality – UN Women. The project was launched in in April 2015 seeking to build the capacities and a network of more than 1000 young women leaders from all Egypt’s 27 governorates to promote women’s political participation in the local councils as a candidate and a voter preparing a generation of young women leaders" (14).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Structural barriers and gender bias with regard to the realization of women’s engagement in political and public life continue to exclude women from decision-making positions in both elected and appointed positions in public office, political parties, the judiciary, academic institutions and public broadcasting corporations" (11).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Some observers believed that traditional and cultural factors limited the participation of women" (29). These factors are not presented in the report (CCS-CODER COMMENT). "Women’s rights organizations noted the cabinet minister positions occupied by women were less influential." (29). "In 2016 Joice Mujuru became the sole female leader of a mainstream opposition party, first forming the Zimbabwe People First political party and later the National People’s Party" (30). NGOs noted that young women were mostly excluded from decision-making structures and processes in all political parties" (30).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes that the main reasons for the low representation of women in political life relate to gender stereotypes, lower educational levels and lack of financial resources, which incidentally are also the main reasons for their unhappiness under the State party’s gross national happiness index. The Committee is concerned that, notwithstanding efforts to enhance functional literacy among female candidates running for local government positions, their representation remains low" (7).
April 15, 2019, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women, however, suffered political violence, which ranged from harassment for voting against party lines to receiving death threats for their political participation" (p. 20).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

"Although senior political and social leaders often came from among veterans of the predominantly male IDF officer corps, women participated widely in politics, including in leadership positions" (32). "Women faced significant cultural barriers in political parties representing conservative religious movements and the Arab minority, although the 2015 elections resulted in two female Arab MKs from the Joint List winning seats" (32).
April 4, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'It is unattractive for women to express strong opinions in public' 23% agreed and 73% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 28% of men and 17% of women agreed and 67% of men and 80% of women disagreed (13).
April 4, 2019, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'It is unattractive for women to express strong opinions in public' 39% agreed and 57% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 41% of men and 38% of women agreed and 55% of men and 59% of women disagreed (13).
April 4, 2019, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'It is unattractive for women to express strong opinions in public' 10% agreed and 84% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 10% of men and 10% of women agreed and 84% of men and 85% of women disagreed (5).
April 4, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'It is unattractive for women to express strong opinions in public' 10% agreed and 84% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 10% of men and 10% of women agreed and 84% of men and 85% of women disagreed (5).
April 4, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2

Regarding the question 'It is unattractive for women to express strong opinions in public' 30% agreed and 64% disagreed. Disaggregated by gender, 33% of men and 26% of women agreed and 61% of men and 67% of women disagreed (9).