The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

July 17, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws, cultural practices, or traditions prevent women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life" (12).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

". . . de facto, intersecting discrimination against Uruguayan women of African descent persists and can be seen in the disproportionate level of educational exclusion, early pregnancies, lower salaries, more disadvantageous incorporation into the workforce and lower levels of public and political participation" (page 3).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee regrets that, notwithstanding the constitutional two-thirds gender rule and the presidential decree on affirmative action of 2006, gender parity has not been achieved for elected or appointed offices. It is concerned about barriers that prevent women from participating in political and public life on an equal basis with men, including threats and violence at all levels of political and public life" (8)
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"There was discrimination against women with respect to employment and occupation (see section 7.d.) and were underrepresented in most levels of government leadership" (18).
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is further concerned that no measures have been taken to encourage women to participate in political life and that the State party attributes the low representation of women to their own choice, their preoccupation with multiple roles, high costs of the electoral campaigns and the lack of confidence of political parties in the ability of women to garner votes" (6).
May 31, 2018, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"As Lebanon heads to the polls on Sunday, a record number of women will contest parliamentary seats. There are currently only four women MPs in Lebanon, barely 3 percent of the country’s 184-member parliament, but the 86 women candidates running this cycle hope to change that. A prior attempt to legislate a 30 percent gender quota as part of a new electoral law failed last year, and many of the women running are listed as independents, in part because traditional parties will not place women in viable positions on their candidate lists. Nevertheless, these women remain undaunted: 'We believe we are a catalyst for change in this country,' said Kholoud...more
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is further concerned that no measures have been taken to encourage women to participate in political life and that the State party attributes the low representation of women to their own choice, their preoccupation with multiple roles, high costs of the electoral campaigns and the lack of confidence of political parties in the ability of women to garner votes" (6).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about reports that women human rights defenders and politically active women are frequently subjected to repression, harassment, violence, threats of sexual assault, forced institutionalization or threats of institutionalization and deprivation or threats of deprivation of their parental rights. The Committee is concerned that such alleged repressive measures may discourage the participation of women in public discourse and marginalize their voices" (pg 4).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"It also notes with concern that women in politics are often targets of ridicule and harassment because of their gender and are faced with negative cultural attitudes and gender stereotypes on the part of political parties, the media and voters" (8).
April 29, 2018, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission reported a seven percent rise in violent assaults against women — from 1,394 to 2,579 — in the last two years in Afghanistan. But these statistics can mean that women are more empowered to report violence, not necessarily that the number of incidents are growing, said Horia Mosadiq, Afghanistan’s researcher for Amnesty International. “We know for sure that there’s more fear,” Mosadiq said. “But some of the systemic use of violence and attacks against women’s rights activists and women in public offices by Taliban have always been our concern'" (Para 10).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The mixed attitude of political parties towards promoting women’s political rights is a major obstacle to a meaningful participation of women in managing political party activities...That situation is due to the following causes: 1) Women’s financial dependence on men; 2) Women’s social role, which stands in the way of their full participation in political life; 3) Social and cultural prejudices" (20). "In the area of women’s participation in decision-making, considerable efforts are made, including the adoption of the Act establishing quotas for legislative and municipal elections. Admittedly, use of the quota system to increase women’s participation in political life has not produced the expected results. The Government, however, engages in...more
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"That women in the State party continue to face persistent barriers to gain access to decision-making positions, including discrimination in recruitment, discriminatory stereotypes and attitudes towards women’s participation in political and public life, little support from political parties and families and low levels of confidence" (8).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"While noting the slight increase in the number of women elected as heads of mahalla, the Committee remains concerned at the low percentage of women in political and public life, in particular in decision-making positions, including the decline of women’s representation in the Oliy Majlis (from 22 to 16 per cent), notwithstanding the 30 per cent quota for women candidates on party lists, and in the public administration (27 per cent), the civil service (19 per cent), the judiciary (13 per cent) and the diplomatic service (only 3 per cent of ambass adors are women), owing to persistent traditional and patriarchal attitudes, the lack of effective temporary special measures and...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee welcomes the adoption, since the consideration in 1994 of the State party’s second periodic report (CEDAW/C/SEN/2), of the following legislative measures: . . . (b) Law No. 2010-11 of 28 May 2010 on parity between women and men in entirely or partially elective bodies . . . The Committee also notes with appreciation the adoption of a second national action plan to accelerate the elimination of female genital mutilation, covering the period 2010-2015, and the establishment of a national observatory for parity in 2011" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 2010-11 of 28 May 2010 on parity between women and men in entirely or...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned that, notwithstanding the constitutional provision that sets a goal of achieving at least 30 per cent representation of women in Parliament, women remain underrepresented at decision-making levels, including in Parliament, the judiciary and the diplomatic service. The Committee is particularly concerned that the quota for the appointment of women to Parliament from the four regions of the State party has not been implemented, allegedly owing to the lack of enabling legislation. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the impact of the tinkhundla electoral system, which bans political parties, on the political participation of women. The Committee recommends that the State party...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"From 2014 to 2016, the TEPJF resolved challenges surrounding gender parity in the nomination of candidates for the integration of bodies of popular, federal, state and municipal representation; its resolutions gave rise to six laws on gender parity in candidacies between women and men for elected office. The FEPADE, from 2013 to 2016, registered 335 verifications of complaints of political violence against women, and also implemented the systems FEPADETEL and FEPADENET to receive complaints. The INE has the National Registry System for pre-candidacies and Candidacies, as well as for Independent Candidacies, for federal as well as local elections; the system generates reports of gender parity. In 2014, the Observatory of...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In an effort to raise the profile of the problem of political harassment, the Municipal Coordination Platform for Gender Equity undertook a process that culminated in the Draft Law to prevent and sanction political harassment against women at the local level. This was taken up by the Inter-agency Commission consisting of the Office of the Ombudsperson of the Republic, INAMU, the TSE, which prepared the Draft Law to Prevent, sanction and Eradicate Political Violence against Women" (22).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Context of women’s underrepresentation: In Kenya, a number of factors block women’s level of participation in politics as pointed out in Women’s Manifesto (2010): Men dominate the political stage and set the rules of the political game and women lack confidence in vying for political leadership; Political life is organized according to male norms and values which set the standards through which political achievement is judged. These often emphasize aggression and long hours spent outside the family set-up; short changing of women during political party nominations; the nature of the electoral system and environment, which may not be favourable to women candidates. Similarly, issues such as inability to utilize women’s...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Despite the above-mentioned efforts, it is clear that there are still challenges to women’s participation in political and public life. The difficulties flow from the persistence of unequal relations, non compliance with gender equity provisions, women’s low educational level, ineffective enforcement of the provisions of the quota legislation, sociocultural constraints, women’s meagre resources (especially financial), the underrepresentation of women in political parties’ offices, women’s placement on electoral lists, and a lack of support and encouragement for women in politics" (pg 10).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In the Republic of Moldova there are not any female political prisoners, there were not documented cases of discrimination against women for participation in political activity, in women's organizations" (Pg 23).
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women in politics are often targets of sexist attacks and harassment because of their gender and face negative cultural attitudes and gender stereotypes within political parties and the media and among voters" (10).
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In comparison with the situation reported in 2011, the use of a disrespectful and stereotyped language referring to women, both in public statements reported by media and in institutional events, has been remarkably increasing. In conjunction with the increased number of women holding political top positions, the women who since 2011 have been holding important institutional roles have been the target of hate and sexist speech by both the public opinion and their own colleagues. Only for imposing the respect for the Italian language and the gender-sensitive male/female declension of the nouns referring to institutional roles, the President of the Chamber, Laura Boldrini, suffered violent online attacks32 and received a...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"For political parties, the number of women declines the higher we go in the party hierarchy. We rarely find women in the highest leadership circles, especially of the biggest parties on the Palestinian political scene. Their role within parties is generally limited to stereotypical community and humanitarian activities. The parties have no policies or mechanisms to promote women’s participation. Law No. 15 (1955) concerning the right of citizens to form political parties, which is in force in the West Bank, has no provisions excluding or restricting women, or differentiating between them and men with respect to exercising such rights or taking part in party activities. According to the latest statistics...more
Feb. 10, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Whenever a woman in Uzbekistan wants to continue her career in politics, her ambitions are suppressed by the traditional communities; as a result, there are few empowered women in politics in the country" (Para 1). "As in any traditional societies, the public opinion, upbringing and family play significant role in keeping women away from their rights in Uzbekistan" (Para 5). "In this framework, women themselves become primary promoters of such underestimation of the women`s role in politics of Uzbekistan. Even if a woman wants to be successful in politics and to use the opportunity given by the government, under strong social pressure, she gives the priority to her family rather...more
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"the Committee remains concerned about...Barriers faced by women in political and public life, such as unequal distribution of child-raising and household tasks between women and men, violence and harassment against women engaged in political life and patriarchal structures within political parties" (10).
Jan. 10, 2018, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Ms. Khaleghi’s troubles began some weeks after her election victory, when she was disqualified without explanation by the powerful Guardian Council, a 12-member group that includes six clerics appointed by the country’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. That was, at the very least, surprising, because the council had screened her extensively before the vote, just as it does all candidates, and had proclaimed her fit" (para 10).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In August, journalist Carmen Boyd, a critic of the government’s treatment of journalists and former employee in the Martinelli administration, claimed vandals broke into her car and stole documents and records of former officials who were part of the movement to remove President Varela. In December, Boyd fell victim to another act of vandalism where only her car’s window was broken after she and other members of the Democratic Change political party criticized the government during a press conference. Boyd claimed the government was responsible for both incidents"(9)."Women participated in political life on the same basis as men"(13). For the last election the overall voter turnout was 10% (ENB-Coder Comment)more
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Since 2002, the government...has gradually opened the punblic sphere to veiled women... The first veiled judge appeared in court in 2015" (para 5).
Dec. 2, 2017, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Another problem women face in local elections is that the system is not based on proportionality. The full list either wins or loses...She added, 'If the list containing women fails, women can't reach the municipality.' Yet according to Decree-Law No. 118 of 1977, these elections should be of the majority plurinominal type and not a list system like the parliamentary elections" (para 8-9). "Ghosseini told Al-Monitor it was a real challenge for a woman at that time. 'The electoral list was prepared by compromise with the families and political forces of Baakline. It was not so easy for me to find a place as a woman. The support of Jumblatt...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:22 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, SEGI-PRACTICE-1, LR-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-DATA-1

"Where discriminatory social norms exist, they can be displaced only by the requirements of equal treatment imposed under legislation providing women be fully informed about their rights and of the advantages of asserting them. Yet, the illiteracy of many poor rural women, their almost complete lack of legal literacy, and language barriers make achievement of these goals difficult"(25-26)