The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

Jan. 10, 2018, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Ms. Khaleghi’s troubles began some weeks after her election victory, when she was disqualified without explanation by the powerful Guardian Council, a 12-member group that includes six clerics appointed by the country’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. That was, at the very least, surprising, because the council had screened her extensively before the vote, just as it does all candidates, and had proclaimed her fit" (para 10).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In August, journalist Carmen Boyd, a critic of the government’s treatment of journalists and former employee in the Martinelli administration, claimed vandals broke into her car and stole documents and records of former officials who were part of the movement to remove President Varela. In December, Boyd fell victim to another act of vandalism where only her car’s window was broken after she and other members of the Democratic Change political party criticized the government during a press conference. Boyd claimed the government was responsible for both incidents"(9)."Women participated in political life on the same basis as men"(13). For the last election the overall voter turnout was 10% (ENB-Coder Comment)more
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Since 2002, the government...has gradually opened the punblic sphere to veiled women... The first veiled judge appeared in court in 2015" (para 5).
Dec. 2, 2017, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Another problem women face in local elections is that the system is not based on proportionality. The full list either wins or loses...She added, 'If the list containing women fails, women can't reach the municipality.' Yet according to Decree-Law No. 118 of 1977, these elections should be of the majority plurinominal type and not a list system like the parliamentary elections" (para 8-9). "Ghosseini told Al-Monitor it was a real challenge for a woman at that time. 'The electoral list was prepared by compromise with the families and political forces of Baakline. It was not so easy for me to find a place as a woman. The support of Jumblatt ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:22 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, SEGI-PRACTICE-1, LR-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-DATA-1

"Where discriminatory social norms exist, they can be displaced only by the requirements of equal treatment imposed under legislation providing women be fully informed about their rights and of the advantages of asserting them. Yet, the illiteracy of many poor rural women, their almost complete lack of legal literacy, and language barriers make achievement of these goals difficult"(25-26)
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"The constitution states that 'women hold equal social status and rights with men'; however, few women reached high levels of the party or the government"(13)
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"She [Fatima Imam] addresses the challenges facing Nubian women, foremost among them the issue of genital mutilation, women's weak position in political affairs and the absence of a Nubian feminist movement in the public space, as well as the Islamization of society through the imposition of abayas (loose overgarments) on women"(para 18)
Oct. 24, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Canada, France, United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In my further research, I have found that comparable reports are rife in Western democracies as well. A Canadian parliamentary staffer suffered PTSD and attempted suicide following sexual assault by her bosses. A British lawmaker received over 600 rape threats in one night. French women legislators and political leaders revealed a multitude of incidents of harassment, assault and rape in their political workplaces" (para 10).
Oct. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"And just last week, during the #MeToo surge, over 140 women leaders in Californian politics — including nearly a quarter of all the women currently holding seats in Sacramento — reported that during their political careers they experienced, witnessed or worked with women who were groped, propositioned, or otherwise harassed" (para 11).
Oct. 16, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women usually lack the political clout and money to get nominated by the main players in primaries, where voters choose party candidates, often amid violent clashes. 'Apart from the physical violence we suffer during campaigns, we are also subjected to a lot of emotional abuse,' said Laboso. Female candidates often hire bodyguards after threats of rape and beatings, sexual slurs or curses from elders for violating tradition" (16-18).
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"As part of Women's Voices Program funded by UN Women- Fund for Gender Equality; the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights (ECWR) cooperated with Radio Sawt El Arab to launch the radio program titled 'She& Her Sisters'. This program aims to support the Egyptian women and discuss the issues that affect the society in general and women in particular such as the political empowerment for women and their participation in the local councils and the parliament"(para 1)
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The organization’s [Amnesty International] research reveals that since January 2016 more than a dozen women’s rights activists in Tehran have been summoned for long, intensive interrogations by the Revolutionary Guards, and threatened with imprisonment on national security-related charges. Many had been involved in a campaign launched in October 2015, which advocated for increased representation of women in Iran’s February 2016 parliamentary election"(para 2)."Amnesty International understands that the interrogations focused, in particular, on two local initiatives: a website called 'Feminist School', which posts reports and articles on issues related to feminist theories and practices and the state of women’s rights in Iran and globally; and the Campaign to Change the Masculine ...more
Aug. 29, 2017, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"During the political primaries in April, Ann Kanyi, who was vying for her party’s nomination for the Tetu parliamentary seat in Kenya’s Aug. 8 general election, was dragged from her car and brutally beaten by four unidentified masked men wielding metal bars and a gun. During the assault, one of them demanded she quit politics. She was not the only woman physically attacked during the primaries after wading into the testosterone-fueled arena of Kenyan politics: Other female candidates were robbed by men armed with machetes and batons, had their motorcades attacked and supporters killed, and were beaten and threatened with public stripping. None of this was coincidental. It’s all part ...more
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6, ASR-DATA-1

"'In the Maasai community, we have no female doctors, teachers, journalists or any other position in the government because of this practice,' says Ole Lelein Kanunga, a Maasai man leading the campaign against female genital mutilation. 'But since 2013, we said there will be no such practice in this community of Maasai'"(para 4)
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Some of the imams were immediately receptive to Afghani’s ideas. But with others, some issues proved very difficult. 'Women’s political participation was the hardest thing,' she says. 'Even ... now, some of the imams are not on the same page as [us]'"(para 16)."Katharina Hild, a former team leader at the German Society for International Cooperation, worked closely with Afghani, training women who served on local councils. According to Ms. Hild, Afghani 'knows exactly how to find the best leverage for women’s rights.... Before the project, the women had no clear idea what it means to be a local councilor, but after an intense training program managed by NECDO they were ...more
Aug. 4, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"'Traitor.' 'Too much make-up.' 'Dressed as a woman but a hawkish man.' These are some of the comments that have been flung in what has become one of the most negative campaigns of recent years in Japan. Ms Koike's lead in the polls has annoyed Liberal Democrat Party grandees, with former Tokyo governor Shintaro Ishihara, the father of the local LDP federation chairman, telling voters: 'We cannot leave Tokyo to a woman with too much make-up.' Her supporters were disgusted by what they called a sexist remark, but after decades in Japan's male-dominated political theatre, Ms Koike laughed it off: 'I am used to it'" (para 8-11).
July 15, 2017, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

¨Malawi recently passed a law making marriage under the age of 18 illegal, but in many villages, custom supersedes law. The backlash was immediate, with some telling Kachindamoto she had no right to overturn tradition. She’s ignored the death threats, and is instead lobbying the government to increase marriageable age to 21¨(para 2).¨Before Kachindamoto became leader of over 900,000 people in the Dedza district near Lake Malawi, she worked as a secretary at a college in a neighboring district. After 27 years, the elders summoned her home to become chief—despite being the youngest of 12 siblings, they decided she was best suited because she was ´good with people,´ Kachindamoto told ...more
July 7, 2017, 5:53 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

¨MADRID — Teresa Rodríguez, the leader of the far-left Podemos Party in the southern region of Andalusia, was visiting an exhibition in the Chamber of Commerce of Seville when she ran into a member of the group she had never met before. In no time, the man, Manuel Muñoz Medina, pushed up against her and simulated kissing her on the mouth — before handing her his business card.Ms. Rodríguez, 35, said she was too upset and shocked to react at the time, just before Christmas. But she then took to social media and started legal action this year. Mr. Muñoz Medina, 72, later apologized for his behavior, saying he had ...more
June 20, 2017, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"[Ana Brnabić’s, the first woman and first lesbian to be Serbia’s Prime Minister,] appointment was hailed by rights groups as historic for the staunchly conservative Balkan country. But it was blasted by pro-Russian nationalists and traditionalists. 'Ana Brnabic is not my prime minister,' nationalist official Dragan Markovic-Palma told the private Beta news agency. Earlier he said he would not approve anyone for the post who does not have at least two children. The conservative Dveri group, close to the Serbian Orthodox Church, said Brnabic was obviously appointed under Western pressure" (p 15-19)
June 14, 2017, 11:32 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“The sexist treatment of women candidates and elected officials may dissuade women from running for political office, or may influence a voter’s likelihood of supporting a female candidate…In one survey of 800 likely voters nationwide, both female and male participants who heard sexist attacks by media on a hypothetical female candidate were less likely to vote for her than the control group that heard a non-sexist attack on the candidate. There was also backlash against the male candidate for issuing sexist attacks; however, the female candidate endured the greatest toll on her favorability and the likelihood that a voter might vote for her. When the female candidate or a surrogate ...more
June 14, 2017, 11:28 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“Campaigning-while-female is relatively common; one study of women candidates and elective officials found that approximately nine in ten (88 percent) participants said women’s campaign experiences are different from men’s…The most notorious example of campaigning-while-female came about during the 2008 presidential election, when Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton and Republican Vice Presidential nominee Sarah Palin were often portrayed as the ‘bitch’ and the ‘ditz’…This sexist treatment is most commonly associated with media coverage, but women also receive it from constituents, donors, peers and colleagues, and political party operatives and leaders” (14)
June 14, 2017, 11:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“In a recent report, Shifting Gears: How Women Navigate the Road to Higher Office…Political Parity, a program of the Hunt Alternatives Fund, has identified the barriers women face in seeking political office, especially in attempting to move to higher political office (such as governorships and positions in the U.S. Congress). The report uses the analogy of the ‘driver’ and ‘the road’ to describe the debate in the political science field about whether women are holding themselves back because they have less ambition…One study on the ‘driver’ side attributes the underrepresentation of women in higher office to a gender gap in political ambition…The study analyzed data from a survey of 4,000 ...more
June 14, 2017, 11:27 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“Research suggests that women generally win elected office at similar rates as men…but fewer women run for office…Other studies emphasize the barriers women face nearly every step of the way... Women are less likely than men to decide to run on their own and need to be recruited to run for office…yet women are much less likely than men to be encouraged to run…and to have access to networks of political leaders who could help them get elected…For some women, the lack of supportive policies for working families in the United States—such as subsidized child care and paid maternity and caregiving leaves—may be a deterrent to running for elected office. ...more
May 19, 2017, 8:54 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Harvard-educated Fadumo Dayib has said she wants to be Somalia’s first female president so as to challenge a restrictive status quo that holds back women. The mother of four in June told BBC that she had received death threats, but that nothing would stop her" (para 10).
March 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women suffer from discrimination flowing from traditional practices, particularly in rural areas, that discouraged them from participating in political life on the same basis as me" (8).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"The law protects the rights of women and minorities to vote, run for office, serve as electoral monitors, and otherwise participate in political life; however, traditional and cultural practices limited the political participation of women and members of indigenous groups" (11).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women held seven of 65 seats in the National Assembly, and there were three women in the 23-member cabinet...Custom and traditional societal discrimination resulted in a secondary role for women in public life" (16).
Feb. 3, 2017, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"During the March 2014 legislative elections, two persons who were allegedly not of Afro-Colombian descent, Maria del Socorro Bustamante and Moises Orozco Vicuna, were elected to the two seats in the house of representatives reserved for representatives of Afro-Colombian communities. Legal challenges following the election kept the individuals from assuming their seats" (34).
Jan. 31, 2017, 11:27 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Ziada herself ran for Parliament in 2011, under the ticket of the centrist and secular Justice Party, though she did not win a seat. Even within her liberal party, Ziada was told she could not be listed first because the country was not yet ready for female candidates" (para 7). "While Egypt recently swore in 26 female judges, many women still face hurdles in their applications...Quotas do not work if there are not qualified candidates...out of nearly 40 million female citizens, only a few hundred were educated and qualified enough to do so (para 13-14).
Jan. 30, 2017, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"In 2014, women are denied notary positions in the Ministry of Justice with the justification that notary licenses are within the general judicial competency in which women are ineligible by law" (para 23).