The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"There were significant cultural barriers to women’s participation in politics. Prior to 2004, no woman held a cabinet position, and there have been only four female ministers since then. During the year one woman served in the cabinet. Only four of 128 members of parliament were women, and all were close relatives of previous male members. With a few notable exceptions, leadership of political parties effectively excluded women, limiting their opportunities for high office" (Pg 25).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Initiatives exist to improve the representation of women in Parliament, such as the 50:50 Parliament’s #AskHerToStand campaign, which aims to address the gender imbalance in Parliament and VOTE 100 Parliament’s project to mark the 2018 centenary of some women getting the vote, amongst other key anniversaries. The Government has also created a £5 million fund in England, and other funds in the Devolved Administrations, to celebrate the centenary of women’s suffrage. The fund will create a legacy for the future by educating young people about democracy, and inspiring women to engage in politics at all levels... Scottish Government has provided funding to the women’s organisation Engender to collaborate with other...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concerns: (d) The lack of progress in implementing the Committee’s previous concluding observations about gender parity in executive posts (CEDAW/C/CRI/ CO/5-6, para. 25); (e) The delay in the adoption of bill No. 18719 to combat political harassment and/or political violence against women" (7-8).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Participation of Women and Minorities: Although there were no legal impediments to participation by minorities or indigenous persons in government, no indigenous persons or members of minorities served as a governor or in the cabinet, legislature, or Supreme Court" (page 17).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

The Committee reiterates its concern about the limited institutional capacity of the national machinery for the advancement of women, and regrets the lack of participation by women in the Women’s Affairs Committee, in which only one of the five participating parliamentarians is a woman" (pg. 5).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee remains concerned that women, including women from disadvantaged and marginalized groups, remain significantly underrepresented in all areas of political and public life, in both elected and appointed posts" (9). "It is also concerned that the lengthy delays in the adoption of the regulations to implement Decree No. 54-2016, to establish electoral quotas of 50 per cent of women candidates, may have a negative impact on their effective application, in particular concerning the internal elections of political parties currently under way and the effective inclusion of women in national elections (...) It is concerned, however, that women, especially in rural and peasant farmer communities, face repression, discrimination and violence...more
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The lack of measures to tackle discrimination by ultra-Orthodox political parties, namely Yahadut Hatorah and Shas, whose regulations bar women from being appointed as members or from being candidates and therefore elected to the parliament or municipal and regional councils, and at the State Attorney’s opinion that there is no legal basis for invalidating those regulations or for excluding those parties from participating in elections, even though party statutes should not be allowed to derogate from the Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty and the Basic Law: the Knesset" (pg. 11).
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Oghassabian said there is a 'huge responsibility and role to play for men because they are the main obstacles' to women’s participation in politics, which is often due to sexist attitudes. Victoria El-Khoury Zwein, a potential candidate with a new party called 'Sabaa', meaning seven in Arabic, agreed that a “patriarchal society” is holding Lebanon back. Parties have no political will to involve women, as they see them in stereotypical roles connected only to family, she said" (Para 8-10).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s participation in student politics as potential candidates for elective offices was low and frowned upon, as was women’s activism. A man residing in a mixed hall said that women who engaged in student politics " are probably... those feminists. Those who believe in women’s emancipation. But anybody who is oriented towards getting married, having a family, settling down, definitely, the man will not want it" (para 11). "The reasons given for women’s ostensible apathy were astounding: for example, their 'fragility,' 'lack of courage,' 'inferiority complex,' 'keeping malice,' 'being more controversial.” These traits were opposed to 'men’s boldness,' 'self-confidence,' and 'strong heart.' The resignation of many women to their marginalisation...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Other human rights problems included . . . societal obstacles to the full economic and political participation of women" (page 1). "Women continued to be politically active but also faced societal barriers to their political participation" (page 14).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Women continued to be politically active but faced societal barriers to their political participation" (page 19). "Women faced societal rather than statutory barriers to their economic and political participation" (page 23).
Dec. 13, 2018, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"More importantly, we want to raise our serious concern over the lack of transparency and consultation with women in regard to the substantive provisions of the National Unity Government Agreement that was signed between President Ashraf Ghani and Mr. Abdullah Abdullah" (3) Women absent from political consultation (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is further concerned that young women who aspire to political office are discouraged by the lack of maternity leave for parliamentarians" (page 9).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s participation fell in positions within the central government but remained somewhat high on the SCJ, and especially in prosecutorial positions. At the local level, in community associations and on city councils, women had less representation" (9).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women's Leadership: Kuki: Women in Kuki communities are prohibited from taking leadership positions in village/community affairs (For example, women are not allowed to be the leaders of village administrative body, cultural leaders, etc)" (page 32).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Chair of the Central Elections Committee Salim Jubran cautioned the chairpersons of all political parties against issuing calls prohibiting women from standing for election. His statement followed an appeal that cited multiple incidents of threatening speech, including an ultra-Orthodox rabbi who stated that a woman who stood for election would lose her livelihood and have her children expelled from religious schools" (para 115). "Women faced significant cultural barriers in political parties representing conservative religious movements and the Arab minority, although elections during the year resulted in two female Knesset members represented on the Joint List" (para 117)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"Traditional attitudes sometimes hindered women from holding high office or playing active roles in political life, although there were no legal restrictions on the participation of women or minorities in politics" (page 24).
Oct. 31, 2018, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Boldrini, who is the speaker of the Italian Parliament and the country’s highest-ranking woman politician, gets a level of harassment that even her critics say is extreme — and even by Italian standards. Many of them are sexist and threatening comments on Facebook, but they’ve been so relentless since she took office in 2013 that she began posting the names of her harassers on her own page. “Death to Boldrini” has been scrawled on city walls across Italy, and she is closely guarded by a heavy security detail" (para. 2) It shows how difficult is to be elected and it can discourage women. JSM - Coder comment.
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"When the country goes to the polls on Saturday, a quarter of the 56,000 candidates will be women. In the process of running, many have faced abuse that includes sexual assault, intimidation and character assassination. Religious leaders have openly urged their congregations not to vote for women" (para 3). "The female candidates are confronting not only the society’s conservative beliefs, but also deeply entrenched structures of their own parties that often set them up for failure. And widespread abusive behavior against the new candidates has been chilling — though some activists have credited the authorities with being more alert and responsive than usual, possibly preventing outright violence in some cases"...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia’s social conservatives launched a vitriolic social media campaign warning of moral decay if women were elected. “I say: it is forbidden for Muslim women to participate,” one cleric with 161,000 Twitter followers, Abdulrahman Bin Nasser Al-Barrak, wrote in a fatwa, warning of “consequences in the afterlife” for those who took part" (para 15).
Sept. 15, 2018, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"'It’s not surprising the number is so low when we know the impact of institutionalised inequalities,' said Talat Yaqoob, co-founder of Women 50:50. “While we have sexism in the media, poor childcare, and the majority of care work being done by women, the number will remain low" (para 5). "Part of the problem is the culture we have within councils. Many councillors are part-time and require another job on top of that. If you add in unpaid care, or caring responsibilites, that’s a lot for women to carry" (para 9).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Conservative websites have speculated that the legal marriage was to her brother for the purpose of committing immigration fraud. Omar declined interviews during the media maelstrom this summer, instead releasing a statement saying there was no immigration fraud, but a more conventional story about trouble in her relationship with Hirsi, which has since resolved itself. Omar said the district has rallied around her in the face of the scrutiny. She said her family has remained steadfastly with her, and alleged the marriage story was a “political con” meant to derail the progress of the kinds of people she will represent, including the Somali-American community" (para 8-10).
Sept. 12, 2018, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"It has become commonplace to see a small number of women in Lebanon's parliament, but since the civil war ended (in 1992), they have been under-represented in the chamber. In elections in 2009, four out of the 12 female candidates took seats, suggesting that Lebanese women are not yet perceived as intrinsic party members. Although the number of female candidates running this year overshadowed those of previous years, women continue to have little legislative access" (para. 7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In an effort to raise the profile of the problem of political harassment, the Municipal Coordination Platform for Gender Equity undertook a process that culminated in the Draft Law to prevent and sanction political harassment against women at the local level. This was taken up by the Inter-agency Commission consisting of the Office of the Ombudsperson of the Republic, INAMU, the TSE, which prepared the Draft Law to Prevent, sanction and Eradicate Political Violence against Women" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Although traditional attitudes and societal roles continued to limit women’s participation in politics, women served in various roles in public office" (13-14).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws, cultural practices, or traditions prevent women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life" (12).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“The National Women’s Political Caucus (NWPC) is a multi-partisan, grassroots organization dedicated to increasing the number of women who run for office and who are elected or appointed into leadership positions (National Women’s Political Caucus 2015). The NWPC has state and local chapters that work with women in their communities to provide institutional support by recruiting women to run for office, endorsing women candidates, helping them raise campaign contributions, and providing them with campaign trainings” (18) (These things work against practices or customs that keep women from holding office - RNP CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“Research suggests that women generally win elected office at similar rates as men (Dolan 2004), but fewer women run for office (Lawless and Fox 2008). Other studies emphasize the barriers women face nearly every step of the way (Baer and Hartmann 2014). Women are less likely than men to decide to run on their own and need to be recruited to run for office (Sanbonmatsu, Carroll, and Walsh 2009; Carroll and Sanbonmatsu 2013), yet women are much less likely than men to be encouraged to run (Lawless and Fox 2010) and to have access to networks of political leaders who could help them get elected (Goetz 2007). For some women,...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“In 2014, there were 23 national and 47 state or local PACs or donor networks that either gave money primarily to women candidates or had a primarily female donor base” (18) (These things work against practices or customs that keep women from holding office - RNP CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"[The Committee] notes that barriers to the participation of women in political and public life include widespread illiteracy, a lack of autonomy in keeping official household documents and the lower social status of women manifested in their inability either to obtain the necessary identification documents or to vote because of a lack of permission to do so" (page 9).