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Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The mixed attitude of political parties towards promoting women’s political rights is a major obstacle to a meaningful participation of women in managing political party activities...That situation is due to the following causes: 1) Women’s financial dependence on men; 2) Women’s social role, which stands in the way of their full participation in political life; 3) Social and cultural prejudices" (20). "In the area of women’s participation in decision-making, considerable efforts are made, including the adoption of the Act establishing quotas for legislative and municipal elections. Admittedly, use of the quota system to increase women’s participation in political life has not produced the expected results. The Government, however, engages in ...more
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"That women in the State party continue to face persistent barriers to gain access to decision-making positions, including discrimination in recruitment, discriminatory stereotypes and attitudes towards women’s participation in political and public life, little support from political parties and families and low levels of confidence" (8).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"While noting the slight increase in the number of women elected as heads of mahalla, the Committee remains concerned at the low percentage of women in political and public life, in particular in decision-making positions, including the decline of women’s representation in the Oliy Majlis (from 22 to 16 per cent), notwithstanding the 30 per cent quota for women candidates on party lists, and in the public administration (27 per cent), the civil service (19 per cent), the judiciary (13 per cent) and the diplomatic service (only 3 per cent of ambass adors are women), owing to persistent traditional and patriarchal attitudes, the lack of effective temporary special measures and ...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee welcomes the adoption, since the consideration in 1994 of the State party’s second periodic report (CEDAW/C/SEN/2), of the following legislative measures: . . . (b) Law No. 2010-11 of 28 May 2010 on parity between women and men in entirely or partially elective bodies . . . The Committee also notes with appreciation the adoption of a second national action plan to accelerate the elimination of female genital mutilation, covering the period 2010-2015, and the establishment of a national observatory for parity in 2011" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 2010-11 of 28 May 2010 on parity between women and men in entirely or ...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned that, notwithstanding the constitutional provision that sets a goal of achieving at least 30 per cent representation of women in Parliament, women remain underrepresented at decision-making levels, including in Parliament, the judiciary and the diplomatic service. The Committee is particularly concerned that the quota for the appointment of women to Parliament from the four regions of the State party has not been implemented, allegedly owing to the lack of enabling legislation. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the impact of the tinkhundla electoral system, which bans political parties, on the political participation of women. The Committee recommends that the State party ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"From 2014 to 2016, the TEPJF resolved challenges surrounding gender parity in the nomination of candidates for the integration of bodies of popular, federal, state and municipal representation; its resolutions gave rise to six laws on gender parity in candidacies between women and men for elected office. The FEPADE, from 2013 to 2016, registered 335 verifications of complaints of political violence against women, and also implemented the systems FEPADETEL and FEPADENET to receive complaints. The INE has the National Registry System for pre-candidacies and Candidacies, as well as for Independent Candidacies, for federal as well as local elections; the system generates reports of gender parity. In 2014, the Observatory of ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In an effort to raise the profile of the problem of political harassment, the Municipal Coordination Platform for Gender Equity undertook a process that culminated in the Draft Law to prevent and sanction political harassment against women at the local level. This was taken up by the Inter-agency Commission consisting of the Office of the Ombudsperson of the Republic, INAMU, the TSE, which prepared the Draft Law to Prevent, sanction and Eradicate Political Violence against Women" (22).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Context of women’s underrepresentation: In Kenya, a number of factors block women’s level of participation in politics as pointed out in Women’s Manifesto (2010): Men dominate the political stage and set the rules of the political game and women lack confidence in vying for political leadership; Political life is organized according to male norms and values which set the standards through which political achievement is judged. These often emphasize aggression and long hours spent outside the family set-up; short changing of women during political party nominations; the nature of the electoral system and environment, which may not be favourable to women candidates. Similarly, issues such as inability to utilize women’s ...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Despite the above-mentioned efforts, it is clear that there are still challenges to women’s participation in political and public life. The difficulties flow from the persistence of unequal relations, non compliance with gender equity provisions, women’s low educational level, ineffective enforcement of the provisions of the quota legislation, sociocultural constraints, women’s meagre resources (especially financial), the underrepresentation of women in political parties’ offices, women’s placement on electoral lists, and a lack of support and encouragement for women in politics" (pg 10).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In the Republic of Moldova there are not any female political prisoners, there were not documented cases of discrimination against women for participation in political activity, in women's organizations" (Pg 23).
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women in politics are often targets of sexist attacks and harassment because of their gender and face negative cultural attitudes and gender stereotypes within political parties and the media and among voters" (10).
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In comparison with the situation reported in 2011, the use of a disrespectful and stereotyped language referring to women, both in public statements reported by media and in institutional events, has been remarkably increasing. In conjunction with the increased number of women holding political top positions, the women who since 2011 have been holding important institutional roles have been the target of hate and sexist speech by both the public opinion and their own colleagues. Only for imposing the respect for the Italian language and the gender-sensitive male/female declension of the nouns referring to institutional roles, the President of the Chamber, Laura Boldrini, suffered violent online attacks32 and received a ...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"For political parties, the number of women declines the higher we go in the party hierarchy. We rarely find women in the highest leadership circles, especially of the biggest parties on the Palestinian political scene. Their role within parties is generally limited to stereotypical community and humanitarian activities. The parties have no policies or mechanisms to promote women’s participation. Law No. 15 (1955) concerning the right of citizens to form political parties, which is in force in the West Bank, has no provisions excluding or restricting women, or differentiating between them and men with respect to exercising such rights or taking part in party activities. According to the latest statistics ...more
Feb. 10, 2018, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Whenever a woman in Uzbekistan wants to continue her career in politics, her ambitions are suppressed by the traditional communities; as a result, there are few empowered women in politics in the country" (Para 1). "As in any traditional societies, the public opinion, upbringing and family play significant role in keeping women away from their rights in Uzbekistan" (Para 5). "In this framework, women themselves become primary promoters of such underestimation of the women`s role in politics of Uzbekistan. Even if a woman wants to be successful in politics and to use the opportunity given by the government, under strong social pressure, she gives the priority to her family rather ...more
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"the Committee remains concerned about...Barriers faced by women in political and public life, such as unequal distribution of child-raising and household tasks between women and men, violence and harassment against women engaged in political life and patriarchal structures within political parties" (10).
Jan. 10, 2018, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Ms. Khaleghi’s troubles began some weeks after her election victory, when she was disqualified without explanation by the powerful Guardian Council, a 12-member group that includes six clerics appointed by the country’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. That was, at the very least, surprising, because the council had screened her extensively before the vote, just as it does all candidates, and had proclaimed her fit" (para 10).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In August, journalist Carmen Boyd, a critic of the government’s treatment of journalists and former employee in the Martinelli administration, claimed vandals broke into her car and stole documents and records of former officials who were part of the movement to remove President Varela. In December, Boyd fell victim to another act of vandalism where only her car’s window was broken after she and other members of the Democratic Change political party criticized the government during a press conference. Boyd claimed the government was responsible for both incidents"(9)."Women participated in political life on the same basis as men"(13). For the last election the overall voter turnout was 10% (ENB-Coder Comment)more
Dec. 13, 2017, 9:18 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Since 2002, the government...has gradually opened the punblic sphere to veiled women... The first veiled judge appeared in court in 2015" (para 5).
Dec. 2, 2017, 2:33 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Another problem women face in local elections is that the system is not based on proportionality. The full list either wins or loses...She added, 'If the list containing women fails, women can't reach the municipality.' Yet according to Decree-Law No. 118 of 1977, these elections should be of the majority plurinominal type and not a list system like the parliamentary elections" (para 8-9). "Ghosseini told Al-Monitor it was a real challenge for a woman at that time. 'The electoral list was prepared by compromise with the families and political forces of Baakline. It was not so easy for me to find a place as a woman. The support of Jumblatt ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:22 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, SEGI-PRACTICE-1, LR-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1, AFE-DATA-1

"Where discriminatory social norms exist, they can be displaced only by the requirements of equal treatment imposed under legislation providing women be fully informed about their rights and of the advantages of asserting them. Yet, the illiteracy of many poor rural women, their almost complete lack of legal literacy, and language barriers make achievement of these goals difficult"(25-26)
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, LBHO-DATA-1

"The constitution states that 'women hold equal social status and rights with men'; however, few women reached high levels of the party or the government"(13)
Oct. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"She [Fatima Imam] addresses the challenges facing Nubian women, foremost among them the issue of genital mutilation, women's weak position in political affairs and the absence of a Nubian feminist movement in the public space, as well as the Islamization of society through the imposition of abayas (loose overgarments) on women"(para 18)
Oct. 24, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: Canada, France, United Kingdom
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In my further research, I have found that comparable reports are rife in Western democracies as well. A Canadian parliamentary staffer suffered PTSD and attempted suicide following sexual assault by her bosses. A British lawmaker received over 600 rape threats in one night. French women legislators and political leaders revealed a multitude of incidents of harassment, assault and rape in their political workplaces" (para 10).
Oct. 24, 2017, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"And just last week, during the #MeToo surge, over 140 women leaders in Californian politics — including nearly a quarter of all the women currently holding seats in Sacramento — reported that during their political careers they experienced, witnessed or worked with women who were groped, propositioned, or otherwise harassed" (para 11).
Oct. 16, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women usually lack the political clout and money to get nominated by the main players in primaries, where voters choose party candidates, often amid violent clashes. 'Apart from the physical violence we suffer during campaigns, we are also subjected to a lot of emotional abuse,' said Laboso. Female candidates often hire bodyguards after threats of rape and beatings, sexual slurs or curses from elders for violating tradition" (16-18).
Sept. 26, 2017, 2 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"As part of Women's Voices Program funded by UN Women- Fund for Gender Equality; the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights (ECWR) cooperated with Radio Sawt El Arab to launch the radio program titled 'She& Her Sisters'. This program aims to support the Egyptian women and discuss the issues that affect the society in general and women in particular such as the political empowerment for women and their participation in the local councils and the parliament"(para 1)
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The organization’s [Amnesty International] research reveals that since January 2016 more than a dozen women’s rights activists in Tehran have been summoned for long, intensive interrogations by the Revolutionary Guards, and threatened with imprisonment on national security-related charges. Many had been involved in a campaign launched in October 2015, which advocated for increased representation of women in Iran’s February 2016 parliamentary election"(para 2)."Amnesty International understands that the interrogations focused, in particular, on two local initiatives: a website called 'Feminist School', which posts reports and articles on issues related to feminist theories and practices and the state of women’s rights in Iran and globally; and the Campaign to Change the Masculine ...more
Aug. 29, 2017, 2:30 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"During the political primaries in April, Ann Kanyi, who was vying for her party’s nomination for the Tetu parliamentary seat in Kenya’s Aug. 8 general election, was dragged from her car and brutally beaten by four unidentified masked men wielding metal bars and a gun. During the assault, one of them demanded she quit politics. She was not the only woman physically attacked during the primaries after wading into the testosterone-fueled arena of Kenyan politics: Other female candidates were robbed by men armed with machetes and batons, had their motorcades attacked and supporters killed, and were beaten and threatened with public stripping. None of this was coincidental. It’s all part ...more
Aug. 15, 2017, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6, ASR-DATA-1

"'In the Maasai community, we have no female doctors, teachers, journalists or any other position in the government because of this practice,' says Ole Lelein Kanunga, a Maasai man leading the campaign against female genital mutilation. 'But since 2013, we said there will be no such practice in this community of Maasai'"(para 4)
Aug. 14, 2017, 1:41 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Some of the imams were immediately receptive to Afghani’s ideas. But with others, some issues proved very difficult. 'Women’s political participation was the hardest thing,' she says. 'Even ... now, some of the imams are not on the same page as [us]'"(para 16)."Katharina Hild, a former team leader at the German Society for International Cooperation, worked closely with Afghani, training women who served on local councils. According to Ms. Hild, Afghani 'knows exactly how to find the best leverage for women’s rights.... Before the project, the women had no clear idea what it means to be a local councilor, but after an intense training program managed by NECDO they were ...more