The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"When the country goes to the polls on Saturday, a quarter of the 56,000 candidates will be women. In the process of running, many have faced abuse that includes sexual assault, intimidation and character assassination. Religious leaders have openly urged their congregations not to vote for women" (para 3). "The female candidates are confronting not only the society’s conservative beliefs, but also deeply entrenched structures of their own parties that often set them up for failure. And widespread abusive behavior against the new candidates has been chilling — though some activists have credited the authorities with being more alert and responsive than usual, possibly preventing outright violence in some cases"...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia’s social conservatives launched a vitriolic social media campaign warning of moral decay if women were elected. “I say: it is forbidden for Muslim women to participate,” one cleric with 161,000 Twitter followers, Abdulrahman Bin Nasser Al-Barrak, wrote in a fatwa, warning of “consequences in the afterlife” for those who took part" (para 15).
Sept. 15, 2018, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"'It’s not surprising the number is so low when we know the impact of institutionalised inequalities,' said Talat Yaqoob, co-founder of Women 50:50. “While we have sexism in the media, poor childcare, and the majority of care work being done by women, the number will remain low" (para 5). "Part of the problem is the culture we have within councils. Many councillors are part-time and require another job on top of that. If you add in unpaid care, or caring responsibilites, that’s a lot for women to carry" (para 9).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Conservative websites have speculated that the legal marriage was to her brother for the purpose of committing immigration fraud. Omar declined interviews during the media maelstrom this summer, instead releasing a statement saying there was no immigration fraud, but a more conventional story about trouble in her relationship with Hirsi, which has since resolved itself. Omar said the district has rallied around her in the face of the scrutiny. She said her family has remained steadfastly with her, and alleged the marriage story was a “political con” meant to derail the progress of the kinds of people she will represent, including the Somali-American community" (para 8-10).
Sept. 12, 2018, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"It has become commonplace to see a small number of women in Lebanon's parliament, but since the civil war ended (in 1992), they have been under-represented in the chamber. In elections in 2009, four out of the 12 female candidates took seats, suggesting that Lebanese women are not yet perceived as intrinsic party members. Although the number of female candidates running this year overshadowed those of previous years, women continue to have little legislative access" (para. 7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In an effort to raise the profile of the problem of political harassment, the Municipal Coordination Platform for Gender Equity undertook a process that culminated in the Draft Law to prevent and sanction political harassment against women at the local level. This was taken up by the Inter-agency Commission consisting of the Office of the Ombudsperson of the Republic, INAMU, the TSE, which prepared the Draft Law to Prevent, sanction and Eradicate Political Violence against Women" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Although traditional attitudes and societal roles continued to limit women’s participation in politics, women served in various roles in public office" (13-14).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws, cultural practices, or traditions prevent women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life" (12).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“The National Women’s Political Caucus (NWPC) is a multi-partisan, grassroots organization dedicated to increasing the number of women who run for office and who are elected or appointed into leadership positions (National Women’s Political Caucus 2015). The NWPC has state and local chapters that work with women in their communities to provide institutional support by recruiting women to run for office, endorsing women candidates, helping them raise campaign contributions, and providing them with campaign trainings” (18) (These things work against practices or customs that keep women from holding office - RNP CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“Research suggests that women generally win elected office at similar rates as men (Dolan 2004), but fewer women run for office (Lawless and Fox 2008). Other studies emphasize the barriers women face nearly every step of the way (Baer and Hartmann 2014). Women are less likely than men to decide to run on their own and need to be recruited to run for office (Sanbonmatsu, Carroll, and Walsh 2009; Carroll and Sanbonmatsu 2013), yet women are much less likely than men to be encouraged to run (Lawless and Fox 2010) and to have access to networks of political leaders who could help them get elected (Goetz 2007). For some women,...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“In 2014, there were 23 national and 47 state or local PACs or donor networks that either gave money primarily to women candidates or had a primarily female donor base” (18) (These things work against practices or customs that keep women from holding office - RNP CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"[The Committee] notes that barriers to the participation of women in political and public life include widespread illiteracy, a lack of autonomy in keeping official household documents and the lower social status of women manifested in their inability either to obtain the necessary identification documents or to vote because of a lack of permission to do so" (page 9).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee remains concerned, however, at: . . . (c) The lack of information on the representation of women with disabilities and ethnic minority women, such as Rohingya Muslim women, in decision-making positions" (page 10).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

". . . de facto, intersecting discrimination against Uruguayan women of African descent persists and can be seen in the disproportionate level of educational exclusion, early pregnancies, lower salaries, more disadvantageous incorporation into the workforce and lower levels of public and political participation" (page 3).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee regrets that, notwithstanding the constitutional two-thirds gender rule and the presidential decree on affirmative action of 2006, gender parity has not been achieved for elected or appointed offices. It is concerned about barriers that prevent women from participating in political and public life on an equal basis with men, including threats and violence at all levels of political and public life" (8)
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"There was discrimination against women with respect to employment and occupation (see section 7.d.) and were underrepresented in most levels of government leadership" (18).
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is further concerned that no measures have been taken to encourage women to participate in political life and that the State party attributes the low representation of women to their own choice, their preoccupation with multiple roles, high costs of the electoral campaigns and the lack of confidence of political parties in the ability of women to garner votes" (6).
May 31, 2018, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"As Lebanon heads to the polls on Sunday, a record number of women will contest parliamentary seats. There are currently only four women MPs in Lebanon, barely 3 percent of the country’s 184-member parliament, but the 86 women candidates running this cycle hope to change that. A prior attempt to legislate a 30 percent gender quota as part of a new electoral law failed last year, and many of the women running are listed as independents, in part because traditional parties will not place women in viable positions on their candidate lists. Nevertheless, these women remain undaunted: 'We believe we are a catalyst for change in this country,' said Kholoud...more
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is further concerned that no measures have been taken to encourage women to participate in political life and that the State party attributes the low representation of women to their own choice, their preoccupation with multiple roles, high costs of the electoral campaigns and the lack of confidence of political parties in the ability of women to garner votes" (6).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about reports that women human rights defenders and politically active women are frequently subjected to repression, harassment, violence, threats of sexual assault, forced institutionalization or threats of institutionalization and deprivation or threats of deprivation of their parental rights. The Committee is concerned that such alleged repressive measures may discourage the participation of women in public discourse and marginalize their voices" (pg 4).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"It also notes with concern that women in politics are often targets of ridicule and harassment because of their gender and are faced with negative cultural attitudes and gender stereotypes on the part of political parties, the media and voters" (8).
April 29, 2018, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission reported a seven percent rise in violent assaults against women — from 1,394 to 2,579 — in the last two years in Afghanistan. But these statistics can mean that women are more empowered to report violence, not necessarily that the number of incidents are growing, said Horia Mosadiq, Afghanistan’s researcher for Amnesty International. “We know for sure that there’s more fear,” Mosadiq said. “But some of the systemic use of violence and attacks against women’s rights activists and women in public offices by Taliban have always been our concern'" (Para 10).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The mixed attitude of political parties towards promoting women’s political rights is a major obstacle to a meaningful participation of women in managing political party activities...That situation is due to the following causes: 1) Women’s financial dependence on men; 2) Women’s social role, which stands in the way of their full participation in political life; 3) Social and cultural prejudices" (20). "In the area of women’s participation in decision-making, considerable efforts are made, including the adoption of the Act establishing quotas for legislative and municipal elections. Admittedly, use of the quota system to increase women’s participation in political life has not produced the expected results. The Government, however, engages in...more
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"That women in the State party continue to face persistent barriers to gain access to decision-making positions, including discrimination in recruitment, discriminatory stereotypes and attitudes towards women’s participation in political and public life, little support from political parties and families and low levels of confidence" (8).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"While noting the slight increase in the number of women elected as heads of mahalla, the Committee remains concerned at the low percentage of women in political and public life, in particular in decision-making positions, including the decline of women’s representation in the Oliy Majlis (from 22 to 16 per cent), notwithstanding the 30 per cent quota for women candidates on party lists, and in the public administration (27 per cent), the civil service (19 per cent), the judiciary (13 per cent) and the diplomatic service (only 3 per cent of ambass adors are women), owing to persistent traditional and patriarchal attitudes, the lack of effective temporary special measures and...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee welcomes the adoption, since the consideration in 1994 of the State party’s second periodic report (CEDAW/C/SEN/2), of the following legislative measures: . . . (b) Law No. 2010-11 of 28 May 2010 on parity between women and men in entirely or partially elective bodies . . . The Committee also notes with appreciation the adoption of a second national action plan to accelerate the elimination of female genital mutilation, covering the period 2010-2015, and the establishment of a national observatory for parity in 2011" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 2010-11 of 28 May 2010 on parity between women and men in entirely or...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-2, ATFPA-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned that, notwithstanding the constitutional provision that sets a goal of achieving at least 30 per cent representation of women in Parliament, women remain underrepresented at decision-making levels, including in Parliament, the judiciary and the diplomatic service. The Committee is particularly concerned that the quota for the appointment of women to Parliament from the four regions of the State party has not been implemented, allegedly owing to the lack of enabling legislation. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the impact of the tinkhundla electoral system, which bans political parties, on the political participation of women. The Committee recommends that the State party...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"From 2014 to 2016, the TEPJF resolved challenges surrounding gender parity in the nomination of candidates for the integration of bodies of popular, federal, state and municipal representation; its resolutions gave rise to six laws on gender parity in candidacies between women and men for elected office. The FEPADE, from 2013 to 2016, registered 335 verifications of complaints of political violence against women, and also implemented the systems FEPADETEL and FEPADENET to receive complaints. The INE has the National Registry System for pre-candidacies and Candidacies, as well as for Independent Candidacies, for federal as well as local elections; the system generates reports of gender parity. In 2014, the Observatory of...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Context of women’s underrepresentation: In Kenya, a number of factors block women’s level of participation in politics as pointed out in Women’s Manifesto (2010): Men dominate the political stage and set the rules of the political game and women lack confidence in vying for political leadership; Political life is organized according to male norms and values which set the standards through which political achievement is judged. These often emphasize aggression and long hours spent outside the family set-up; short changing of women during political party nominations; the nature of the electoral system and environment, which may not be favourable to women candidates. Similarly, issues such as inability to utilize women’s...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Despite the above-mentioned efforts, it is clear that there are still challenges to women’s participation in political and public life. The difficulties flow from the persistence of unequal relations, non compliance with gender equity provisions, women’s low educational level, ineffective enforcement of the provisions of the quota legislation, sociocultural constraints, women’s meagre resources (especially financial), the underrepresentation of women in political parties’ offices, women’s placement on electoral lists, and a lack of support and encouragement for women in politics" (pg 10).