The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

Dec. 13, 2018, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"More importantly, we want to raise our serious concern over the lack of transparency and consultation with women in regard to the substantive provisions of the National Unity Government Agreement that was signed between President Ashraf Ghani and Mr. Abdullah Abdullah" (3) Women absent from political consultation (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is further concerned that young women who aspire to political office are discouraged by the lack of maternity leave for parliamentarians" (page 9).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s participation fell in positions within the central government but remained somewhat high on the SCJ, and especially in prosecutorial positions. At the local level, in community associations and on city councils, women had less representation" (9).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women's Leadership: Kuki: Women in Kuki communities are prohibited from taking leadership positions in village/community affairs (For example, women are not allowed to be the leaders of village administrative body, cultural leaders, etc)" (page 32).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Chair of the Central Elections Committee Salim Jubran cautioned the chairpersons of all political parties against issuing calls prohibiting women from standing for election. His statement followed an appeal that cited multiple incidents of threatening speech, including an ultra-Orthodox rabbi who stated that a woman who stood for election would lose her livelihood and have her children expelled from religious schools" (para 115). "Women faced significant cultural barriers in political parties representing conservative religious movements and the Arab minority, although elections during the year resulted in two female Knesset members represented on the Joint List" (para 117)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"Traditional attitudes sometimes hindered women from holding high office or playing active roles in political life, although there were no legal restrictions on the participation of women or minorities in politics" (page 24).
Oct. 31, 2018, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Boldrini, who is the speaker of the Italian Parliament and the country’s highest-ranking woman politician, gets a level of harassment that even her critics say is extreme — and even by Italian standards. Many of them are sexist and threatening comments on Facebook, but they’ve been so relentless since she took office in 2013 that she began posting the names of her harassers on her own page. “Death to Boldrini” has been scrawled on city walls across Italy, and she is closely guarded by a heavy security detail" (para. 2) It shows how difficult is to be elected and it can discourage women. JSM - Coder comment.
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"When the country goes to the polls on Saturday, a quarter of the 56,000 candidates will be women. In the process of running, many have faced abuse that includes sexual assault, intimidation and character assassination. Religious leaders have openly urged their congregations not to vote for women" (para 3). "The female candidates are confronting not only the society’s conservative beliefs, but also deeply entrenched structures of their own parties that often set them up for failure. And widespread abusive behavior against the new candidates has been chilling — though some activists have credited the authorities with being more alert and responsive than usual, possibly preventing outright violence in some cases"...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia’s social conservatives launched a vitriolic social media campaign warning of moral decay if women were elected. “I say: it is forbidden for Muslim women to participate,” one cleric with 161,000 Twitter followers, Abdulrahman Bin Nasser Al-Barrak, wrote in a fatwa, warning of “consequences in the afterlife” for those who took part" (para 15).
Sept. 15, 2018, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"'It’s not surprising the number is so low when we know the impact of institutionalised inequalities,' said Talat Yaqoob, co-founder of Women 50:50. “While we have sexism in the media, poor childcare, and the majority of care work being done by women, the number will remain low" (para 5). "Part of the problem is the culture we have within councils. Many councillors are part-time and require another job on top of that. If you add in unpaid care, or caring responsibilites, that’s a lot for women to carry" (para 9).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Conservative websites have speculated that the legal marriage was to her brother for the purpose of committing immigration fraud. Omar declined interviews during the media maelstrom this summer, instead releasing a statement saying there was no immigration fraud, but a more conventional story about trouble in her relationship with Hirsi, which has since resolved itself. Omar said the district has rallied around her in the face of the scrutiny. She said her family has remained steadfastly with her, and alleged the marriage story was a “political con” meant to derail the progress of the kinds of people she will represent, including the Somali-American community" (para 8-10).
Sept. 12, 2018, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"It has become commonplace to see a small number of women in Lebanon's parliament, but since the civil war ended (in 1992), they have been under-represented in the chamber. In elections in 2009, four out of the 12 female candidates took seats, suggesting that Lebanese women are not yet perceived as intrinsic party members. Although the number of female candidates running this year overshadowed those of previous years, women continue to have little legislative access" (para. 7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"In an effort to raise the profile of the problem of political harassment, the Municipal Coordination Platform for Gender Equity undertook a process that culminated in the Draft Law to prevent and sanction political harassment against women at the local level. This was taken up by the Inter-agency Commission consisting of the Office of the Ombudsperson of the Republic, INAMU, the TSE, which prepared the Draft Law to Prevent, sanction and Eradicate Political Violence against Women" (22).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Although traditional attitudes and societal roles continued to limit women’s participation in politics, women served in various roles in public office" (13-14).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws, cultural practices, or traditions prevent women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as electoral monitors, or otherwise participating in political life" (12).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“The National Women’s Political Caucus (NWPC) is a multi-partisan, grassroots organization dedicated to increasing the number of women who run for office and who are elected or appointed into leadership positions (National Women’s Political Caucus 2015). The NWPC has state and local chapters that work with women in their communities to provide institutional support by recruiting women to run for office, endorsing women candidates, helping them raise campaign contributions, and providing them with campaign trainings” (18) (These things work against practices or customs that keep women from holding office - RNP CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“Research suggests that women generally win elected office at similar rates as men (Dolan 2004), but fewer women run for office (Lawless and Fox 2008). Other studies emphasize the barriers women face nearly every step of the way (Baer and Hartmann 2014). Women are less likely than men to decide to run on their own and need to be recruited to run for office (Sanbonmatsu, Carroll, and Walsh 2009; Carroll and Sanbonmatsu 2013), yet women are much less likely than men to be encouraged to run (Lawless and Fox 2010) and to have access to networks of political leaders who could help them get elected (Goetz 2007). For some women,...more
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

“In 2014, there were 23 national and 47 state or local PACs or donor networks that either gave money primarily to women candidates or had a primarily female donor base” (18) (These things work against practices or customs that keep women from holding office - RNP CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"[The Committee] notes that barriers to the participation of women in political and public life include widespread illiteracy, a lack of autonomy in keeping official household documents and the lower social status of women manifested in their inability either to obtain the necessary identification documents or to vote because of a lack of permission to do so" (page 9).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee remains concerned, however, at: . . . (c) The lack of information on the representation of women with disabilities and ethnic minority women, such as Rohingya Muslim women, in decision-making positions" (page 10).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

". . . de facto, intersecting discrimination against Uruguayan women of African descent persists and can be seen in the disproportionate level of educational exclusion, early pregnancies, lower salaries, more disadvantageous incorporation into the workforce and lower levels of public and political participation" (page 3).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee regrets that, notwithstanding the constitutional two-thirds gender rule and the presidential decree on affirmative action of 2006, gender parity has not been achieved for elected or appointed offices. It is concerned about barriers that prevent women from participating in political and public life on an equal basis with men, including threats and violence at all levels of political and public life" (8)
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"There was discrimination against women with respect to employment and occupation (see section 7.d.) and were underrepresented in most levels of government leadership" (18).
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is further concerned that no measures have been taken to encourage women to participate in political life and that the State party attributes the low representation of women to their own choice, their preoccupation with multiple roles, high costs of the electoral campaigns and the lack of confidence of political parties in the ability of women to garner votes" (6).
May 31, 2018, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"As Lebanon heads to the polls on Sunday, a record number of women will contest parliamentary seats. There are currently only four women MPs in Lebanon, barely 3 percent of the country’s 184-member parliament, but the 86 women candidates running this cycle hope to change that. A prior attempt to legislate a 30 percent gender quota as part of a new electoral law failed last year, and many of the women running are listed as independents, in part because traditional parties will not place women in viable positions on their candidate lists. Nevertheless, these women remain undaunted: 'We believe we are a catalyst for change in this country,' said Kholoud...more
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is further concerned that no measures have been taken to encourage women to participate in political life and that the State party attributes the low representation of women to their own choice, their preoccupation with multiple roles, high costs of the electoral campaigns and the lack of confidence of political parties in the ability of women to garner votes" (6).
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about reports that women human rights defenders and politically active women are frequently subjected to repression, harassment, violence, threats of sexual assault, forced institutionalization or threats of institutionalization and deprivation or threats of deprivation of their parental rights. The Committee is concerned that such alleged repressive measures may discourage the participation of women in public discourse and marginalize their voices" (pg 4).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"It also notes with concern that women in politics are often targets of ridicule and harassment because of their gender and are faced with negative cultural attitudes and gender stereotypes on the part of political parties, the media and voters" (8).
April 29, 2018, 7:23 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission reported a seven percent rise in violent assaults against women — from 1,394 to 2,579 — in the last two years in Afghanistan. But these statistics can mean that women are more empowered to report violence, not necessarily that the number of incidents are growing, said Horia Mosadiq, Afghanistan’s researcher for Amnesty International. “We know for sure that there’s more fear,” Mosadiq said. “But some of the systemic use of violence and attacks against women’s rights activists and women in public offices by Taliban have always been our concern'" (Para 10).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The mixed attitude of political parties towards promoting women’s political rights is a major obstacle to a meaningful participation of women in managing political party activities...That situation is due to the following causes: 1) Women’s financial dependence on men; 2) Women’s social role, which stands in the way of their full participation in political life; 3) Social and cultural prejudices" (20). "In the area of women’s participation in decision-making, considerable efforts are made, including the adoption of the Act establishing quotas for legislative and municipal elections. Admittedly, use of the quota system to increase women’s participation in political life has not produced the expected results. The Government, however, engages in...more