The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Religious, cultural, and traditional practices and ideas prevented women from proportional participation in political office" (33-34).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"No laws prevent women or minority members from voting, running for office, or serving as electoral monitors, but cultural and traditional practices inhibited women’s ability to do so" (Pg 27-28).
June 13, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The constitution, however, requires a high school education for all elected officials, which had the unintended effect of disqualifying many female candidates from running for office" (p.15).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Meaningful participation by women at the national and local levels, even when elected, is sometimes constrained by traditional attitudes and stereotypes" (p. 10).
May 30, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee notes with appreciation that the two major political parties have made concerted efforts to increase the representation of women. It is concerned, however, that women remain significantly underrepresented at the decision-making level in Parliament, in the Government and in the diplomatic service, owing to patriarchal attitudes, a lack of effective measures such as statutory quotas or a parity system for political appointments, limited access to political networks and insufficient capacity-building for women on political leadership skills" (7).
May 16, 2019, 3:27 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"We [also] have women as candidates of the next elections [in 2016], but it’s very difficult for women to have enough means to carry out a campaign. This is where we come up against the problem between what is said and what can be done. The organizations say, "Well women you should run for offices" and the women say, "but we don’t have the means – how can this come about if we don’t have the finances?" We are sensitizing the political parties so that they will put women on their list of electoral candidates as they promise, but they don’t carry them out. They don’t give equal assistance to...more
May 15, 2019, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit the participation of women and members of ethnic minorities in the political process, but cultural traditions limited women’s role in politics and government" (23).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Cultural beliefs restricted participation of most indigenous women in political life" (14).
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Legally women and minorities can vote and participate in political life on the same basis as men and nonminority citizens, although women faced significant social and cultural barriers in both the West Bank and Gaza" (101). "Hamas generally excluded women from leadership positions in the de facto ministries in Gaza" (101).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Women remained largely underrepresented in local and national politics, and men overwhelmingly held most senior positions in the public sector. Some observers believed that traditional and cultural factors limited the participation of women" (29). "According to a credible NGO, there were no official reports of rape being used as a political weapon during the year, but female political leaders were targeted physically or through threats and intimidation. On August 6, MDC-T supporters reportedly attacked MDC-T vice president Thokozani Khupe at MDC-T’s Bulawayo provincial headquarters, accusing her of convening an unsanctioned meeting. In...more
April 15, 2019, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women, however, suffered political violence, which ranged from harassment for voting against party lines to receiving death threats for their political participation" (p. 20).
April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"[Macau] There were no laws or practices preventing women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as election monitors, or otherwise participating in political life on the same basis as men or nonminority citizens" (page 132).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process" (32). "Although senior political and social leaders often came from among veterans of the predominantly male IDF officer corps, women participated widely in politics, including in leadership positions" (32). "Women faced significant cultural barriers in political parties representing conservative religious movements and the Arab minority, although the 2015 elections resulted in two female Arab MKs from the Joint List winning seats" (32).
April 5, 2019, 6:49 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"According to a report from the Association of Female Mayors and Councilwomen of Bolivia (Acobol), 20 councilors reported suffering from political harassment and acts of violence by their colleagues between January and May" (p. 18).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Cultural and traditional gender bias and lower levels of literacy, education, and economic empowerment prevented women from participating in the political process to the same extent as men" (para 72).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"Women and minorities generally participated in the political system without formal restriction, although significant cultural and social barriers largely excluded women from decision-making positions" (para 175).
March 20, 2019, 7:36 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Voters elected the first indigenous woman to the House of Representatives in 2016" (p. 10).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Voters elected a record number of women in the October 2016 elections, although very few subsequently won leadership positions as ministers or parliamentary committee presidents" (page 23).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Traditional societal practices continued to limit women’s participation in politics and activities outside the home and community, including the need to have a male escort or permission to work. These factors, in addition to an education and experience gap, likely contributed to the central government’s male-dominated composition" (23). "Women active in government and politics continued to face threats and violence and were the targets of attacks by the Taliban and other insurgent groups" (23).
March 1, 2019, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

""I listened to a chorus of mainly men, and mainly older men, mansplaining my job to me on the public airwaves," McDonald told an Irish late-night TV show. "I have a problem with people who have never run for public office, or who have never been in politics, telling me how to do my job or assuming I wouldn't be capable."" (para 7).
Feb. 21, 2019, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

""I listened to a chorus of mainly men, and mainly older men, mansplaining my job to me on the public airwaves," McDonald told an Irish late-night TV show. "I have a problem with people who have never run for public office, or who have never been in politics, telling me how to do my job or assuming I wouldn't be capable."" (para 7).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"There were significant cultural barriers to women’s participation in politics. Prior to 2004, no woman held a cabinet position, and there have been only four female ministers since then. During the year one woman served in the cabinet. Only four of 128 members of parliament were women, and all were close relatives of previous male members. With a few notable exceptions, leadership of political parties effectively excluded women, limiting their opportunities for high office" (Pg 25).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Initiatives exist to improve the representation of women in Parliament, such as the 50:50 Parliament’s #AskHerToStand campaign, which aims to address the gender imbalance in Parliament and VOTE 100 Parliament’s project to mark the 2018 centenary of some women getting the vote, amongst other key anniversaries. The Government has also created a £5 million fund in England, and other funds in the Devolved Administrations, to celebrate the centenary of women’s suffrage. The fund will create a legacy for the future by educating young people about democracy, and inspiring women to engage in politics at all levels... Scottish Government has provided funding to the women’s organisation Engender to collaborate with other...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concerns: (d) The lack of progress in implementing the Committee’s previous concluding observations about gender parity in executive posts (CEDAW/C/CRI/ CO/5-6, para. 25); (e) The delay in the adoption of bill No. 18719 to combat political harassment and/or political violence against women" (7-8).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Participation of Women and Minorities: Although there were no legal impediments to participation by minorities or indigenous persons in government, no indigenous persons or members of minorities served as a governor or in the cabinet, legislature, or Supreme Court" (page 17).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

The Committee reiterates its concern about the limited institutional capacity of the national machinery for the advancement of women, and regrets the lack of participation by women in the Women’s Affairs Committee, in which only one of the five participating parliamentarians is a woman" (pg. 5).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee remains concerned that women, including women from disadvantaged and marginalized groups, remain significantly underrepresented in all areas of political and public life, in both elected and appointed posts" (9). "It is also concerned that the lengthy delays in the adoption of the regulations to implement Decree No. 54-2016, to establish electoral quotas of 50 per cent of women candidates, may have a negative impact on their effective application, in particular concerning the internal elections of political parties currently under way and the effective inclusion of women in national elections (...) It is concerned, however, that women, especially in rural and peasant farmer communities, face repression, discrimination and violence...more
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The lack of measures to tackle discrimination by ultra-Orthodox political parties, namely Yahadut Hatorah and Shas, whose regulations bar women from being appointed as members or from being candidates and therefore elected to the parliament or municipal and regional councils, and at the State Attorney’s opinion that there is no legal basis for invalidating those regulations or for excluding those parties from participating in elections, even though party statutes should not be allowed to derogate from the Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty and the Basic Law: the Knesset" (pg. 11).
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Oghassabian said there is a 'huge responsibility and role to play for men because they are the main obstacles' to women’s participation in politics, which is often due to sexist attitudes. Victoria El-Khoury Zwein, a potential candidate with a new party called 'Sabaa', meaning seven in Arabic, agreed that a “patriarchal society” is holding Lebanon back. Parties have no political will to involve women, as they see them in stereotypical roles connected only to family, she said" (Para 8-10).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s participation in student politics as potential candidates for elective offices was low and frowned upon, as was women’s activism. A man residing in a mixed hall said that women who engaged in student politics " are probably... those feminists. Those who believe in women’s emancipation. But anybody who is oriented towards getting married, having a family, settling down, definitely, the man will not want it" (para 11). "The reasons given for women’s ostensible apathy were astounding: for example, their 'fragility,' 'lack of courage,' 'inferiority complex,' 'keeping malice,' 'being more controversial.” These traits were opposed to 'men’s boldness,' 'self-confidence,' and 'strong heart.' The resignation of many women to their marginalisation...more