The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LBHO-PRACTICE-3

April 15, 2019, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women, however, suffered political violence, which ranged from harassment for voting against party lines to receiving death threats for their political participation" (p. 20).
April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"[Macau] There were no laws or practices preventing women or members of minorities from voting, running for office, serving as election monitors, or otherwise participating in political life on the same basis as men or nonminority citizens" (page 132).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process" (32). "Although senior political and social leaders often came from among veterans of the predominantly male IDF officer corps, women participated widely in politics, including in leadership positions" (32). "Women faced significant cultural barriers in political parties representing conservative religious movements and the Arab minority, although the 2015 elections resulted in two female Arab MKs from the Joint List winning seats" (32).
April 5, 2019, 6:49 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"According to a report from the Association of Female Mayors and Councilwomen of Bolivia (Acobol), 20 councilors reported suffering from political harassment and acts of violence by their colleagues between January and May" (p. 18).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, VOTE-PRACTICE-1

"Cultural and traditional gender bias and lower levels of literacy, education, and economic empowerment prevented women from participating in the political process to the same extent as men" (para 72).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-LAW-1

"Women and minorities generally participated in the political system without formal restriction, although significant cultural and social barriers largely excluded women from decision-making positions" (para 175).
March 20, 2019, 7:36 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Voters elected the first indigenous woman to the House of Representatives in 2016" (p. 10).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-1, LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"No laws limit participation of women or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Voters elected a record number of women in the October 2016 elections, although very few subsequently won leadership positions as ministers or parliamentary committee presidents" (page 23).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Traditional societal practices continued to limit women’s participation in politics and activities outside the home and community, including the need to have a male escort or permission to work. These factors, in addition to an education and experience gap, likely contributed to the central government’s male-dominated composition" (23). "Women active in government and politics continued to face threats and violence and were the targets of attacks by the Taliban and other insurgent groups" (23).
March 1, 2019, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

""I listened to a chorus of mainly men, and mainly older men, mansplaining my job to me on the public airwaves," McDonald told an Irish late-night TV show. "I have a problem with people who have never run for public office, or who have never been in politics, telling me how to do my job or assuming I wouldn't be capable."" (para 7).
Feb. 21, 2019, 8:07 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

""I listened to a chorus of mainly men, and mainly older men, mansplaining my job to me on the public airwaves," McDonald told an Irish late-night TV show. "I have a problem with people who have never run for public office, or who have never been in politics, telling me how to do my job or assuming I wouldn't be capable."" (para 7).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-DATA-1, GP-DATA-1

"There were significant cultural barriers to women’s participation in politics. Prior to 2004, no woman held a cabinet position, and there have been only four female ministers since then. During the year one woman served in the cabinet. Only four of 128 members of parliament were women, and all were close relatives of previous male members. With a few notable exceptions, leadership of political parties effectively excluded women, limiting their opportunities for high office" (Pg 25).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Initiatives exist to improve the representation of women in Parliament, such as the 50:50 Parliament’s #AskHerToStand campaign, which aims to address the gender imbalance in Parliament and VOTE 100 Parliament’s project to mark the 2018 centenary of some women getting the vote, amongst other key anniversaries. The Government has also created a £5 million fund in England, and other funds in the Devolved Administrations, to celebrate the centenary of women’s suffrage. The fund will create a legacy for the future by educating young people about democracy, and inspiring women to engage in politics at all levels... Scottish Government has provided funding to the women’s organisation Engender to collaborate with other...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concerns: (d) The lack of progress in implementing the Committee’s previous concluding observations about gender parity in executive posts (CEDAW/C/CRI/ CO/5-6, para. 25); (e) The delay in the adoption of bill No. 18719 to combat political harassment and/or political violence against women" (7-8).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Participation of Women and Minorities: Although there were no legal impediments to participation by minorities or indigenous persons in government, no indigenous persons or members of minorities served as a governor or in the cabinet, legislature, or Supreme Court" (page 17).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

The Committee reiterates its concern about the limited institutional capacity of the national machinery for the advancement of women, and regrets the lack of participation by women in the Women’s Affairs Committee, in which only one of the five participating parliamentarians is a woman" (pg. 5).
Jan. 28, 2019, 7:32 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee remains concerned that women, including women from disadvantaged and marginalized groups, remain significantly underrepresented in all areas of political and public life, in both elected and appointed posts" (9). "It is also concerned that the lengthy delays in the adoption of the regulations to implement Decree No. 54-2016, to establish electoral quotas of 50 per cent of women candidates, may have a negative impact on their effective application, in particular concerning the internal elections of political parties currently under way and the effective inclusion of women in national elections (...) It is concerned, however, that women, especially in rural and peasant farmer communities, face repression, discrimination and violence...more
Jan. 25, 2019, 9:57 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The lack of measures to tackle discrimination by ultra-Orthodox political parties, namely Yahadut Hatorah and Shas, whose regulations bar women from being appointed as members or from being candidates and therefore elected to the parliament or municipal and regional councils, and at the State Attorney’s opinion that there is no legal basis for invalidating those regulations or for excluding those parties from participating in elections, even though party statutes should not be allowed to derogate from the Basic Law: Human Dignity and Liberty and the Basic Law: the Knesset" (pg. 11).
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Oghassabian said there is a 'huge responsibility and role to play for men because they are the main obstacles' to women’s participation in politics, which is often due to sexist attitudes. Victoria El-Khoury Zwein, a potential candidate with a new party called 'Sabaa', meaning seven in Arabic, agreed that a “patriarchal society” is holding Lebanon back. Parties have no political will to involve women, as they see them in stereotypical roles connected only to family, she said" (Para 8-10).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s participation in student politics as potential candidates for elective offices was low and frowned upon, as was women’s activism. A man residing in a mixed hall said that women who engaged in student politics " are probably... those feminists. Those who believe in women’s emancipation. But anybody who is oriented towards getting married, having a family, settling down, definitely, the man will not want it" (para 11). "The reasons given for women’s ostensible apathy were astounding: for example, their 'fragility,' 'lack of courage,' 'inferiority complex,' 'keeping malice,' 'being more controversial.” These traits were opposed to 'men’s boldness,' 'self-confidence,' and 'strong heart.' The resignation of many women to their marginalisation...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Other human rights problems included . . . societal obstacles to the full economic and political participation of women" (page 1). "Women continued to be politically active but also faced societal barriers to their political participation" (page 14).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"No laws limit participation of women and/or members of minorities in the political process, and they did participate. Women continued to be politically active but faced societal barriers to their political participation" (page 19). "Women faced societal rather than statutory barriers to their economic and political participation" (page 23).
Dec. 13, 2018, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"More importantly, we want to raise our serious concern over the lack of transparency and consultation with women in regard to the substantive provisions of the National Unity Government Agreement that was signed between President Ashraf Ghani and Mr. Abdullah Abdullah" (3) Women absent from political consultation (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is further concerned that young women who aspire to political office are discouraged by the lack of maternity leave for parliamentarians" (page 9).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women’s participation fell in positions within the central government but remained somewhat high on the SCJ, and especially in prosecutorial positions. At the local level, in community associations and on city councils, women had less representation" (9).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Women's Leadership: Kuki: Women in Kuki communities are prohibited from taking leadership positions in village/community affairs (For example, women are not allowed to be the leaders of village administrative body, cultural leaders, etc)" (page 32).
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Chair of the Central Elections Committee Salim Jubran cautioned the chairpersons of all political parties against issuing calls prohibiting women from standing for election. His statement followed an appeal that cited multiple incidents of threatening speech, including an ultra-Orthodox rabbi who stated that a woman who stood for election would lose her livelihood and have her children expelled from religious schools" (para 115). "Women faced significant cultural barriers in political parties representing conservative religious movements and the Arab minority, although elections during the year resulted in two female Knesset members represented on the Joint List" (para 117)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-2, LBHO-PRACTICE-3, LBHO-LAW-1

"Traditional attitudes sometimes hindered women from holding high office or playing active roles in political life, although there were no legal restrictions on the participation of women or minorities in politics" (page 24).
Oct. 31, 2018, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"Boldrini, who is the speaker of the Italian Parliament and the country’s highest-ranking woman politician, gets a level of harassment that even her critics say is extreme — and even by Italian standards. Many of them are sexist and threatening comments on Facebook, but they’ve been so relentless since she took office in 2013 that she began posting the names of her harassers on her own page. “Death to Boldrini” has been scrawled on city walls across Italy, and she is closely guarded by a heavy security detail" (para. 2) It shows how difficult is to be elected and it can discourage women. JSM - Coder comment.
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LBHO-PRACTICE-3

"When the country goes to the polls on Saturday, a quarter of the 56,000 candidates will be women. In the process of running, many have faced abuse that includes sexual assault, intimidation and character assassination. Religious leaders have openly urged their congregations not to vote for women" (para 3). "The female candidates are confronting not only the society’s conservative beliefs, but also deeply entrenched structures of their own parties that often set them up for failure. And widespread abusive behavior against the new candidates has been chilling — though some activists have credited the authorities with being more alert and responsive than usual, possibly preventing outright violence in some cases"...more