The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-DATA-1

June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"[The Committee] is, however, concerned at: (a) The persistence of trafficking in and sexual exploitation of women and girls in the country, and reports of trafficking in girls for domestic work and sexual exploitation" (page 8).
June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Reports indicated that persons recruited girls in rural areas for domestic labor and then forced them into domestic servitude. In 2010 the ILO estimated that more than 26,000 children worked as vendors, agricultural and commercial laborers, domestic helpers, and prostitutes, among other forms of employment" (20).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"New Zealand is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and has one of the highest rates of immigration in the world. Almost one in four people in New Zealand was born overseas. In 2014/15 women were issued . . . 44 per cent of work visas" (page 8).
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"On average, those who have themselves immigrated participate less in the labour market than the rest of the population. Altogether, immigrant women had an average employment rate that was nearly nine percentage points lower than the rate for women in the rest of the population in 2014 , compared to 4 per cent for immigrant men" (16).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"When the departures for foreign employment are considered from 1995 onwards, it is seen that the share of females is gradually decreasing and the share of departures of male workers is increasing. Departures of female workers have decreased during 2013 by 14.64 per cent and male workers have increased by 21.45 per cent. On the other hand, the departures of housemaids, who are mostly vulnerable to ill-treatments and un-protective situations, has decreased by 18.33 per cent in 2013.This shows a transition from female dominance in departures for foreign employment in mid-1990 to male dominance by 2013" (31).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Cases of women being offered jobs abroad and instead ending up as slaves (including sexual slaves) have been in the increase in Kenya" (19).
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, IRP-DATA-2

"There were anecdotal reports that Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"While precise data are lacking, UNRISD estimates that by 2002 there were at least 1.3 million foreign women working in the major labor-importing countries in East and Southeast Asia, including Japan, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. These women constituted a high proportion of the total immigrant labor force in some of these countries (UNRISD 2005, p.115)"(23)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999). Female migrants formed threequarters of those migrating from Sri Lanka, and over half of those migrating from the Philippines in recent years (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development [UNRISD] 2005). They often become part of heavily segmented employment markets (Salazar Parrenas 2001)"(22-23)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999)"(22)
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999)"(22)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:37 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-DATA-1

"In countries such as Malaysia and Sri Lanka, young women in particular out-migrate to urban centers to work at transnational production sites or free trade zones. Well-documented tensions are often created between the traditional values of the peasant society from which the women originate and the values at industrial sites where they work (Ong 1987)"(22)."Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia)"(22)
Nov. 29, 2017, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999). Female migrants formed threequarters of those migrating from Sri Lanka, and over half of those migrating from the Philippines in recent years (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development [UNRISD] 2005). They often become part of heavily segmented employment markets (Salazar Parrenas 2001)"(22-23)
Nov. 7, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4

"Conservative traditions once meant it was not acceptable for Tajik women to work to earn a living, but the situation has changed. Huge numbers of Tajik men travel to Russia as labour migrants each year, leaving many jobs to be filled by women [in Tajikistan]"(para 4)
Nov. 7, 2017, 11 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Conservative traditions once meant it was not acceptable for Tajik women to work to earn a living, but the situation has changed. Huge numbers of Tajik men travel to Russia as labour migrants each year, leaving many jobs to be filled by women"(para 4). This data point is for male migrant labor (ENB-Coder Comment)
Nov. 7, 2017, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Climate change is making an already tough life even harder for many of the estimated 20 million people now crammed into heaving greater Dhaka. Its population continues to grow at nearly 5 percent a year as migrants - many of whom have lost their farms to worsening erosion, storms and sea-level rise - flood in seeking new work"(para 5)
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Starting when the twins were 4 months old, he would from time to time take the children and kick her {Elham} out of the house, she said. She would intermittently take work as a domestic worker to have somewhere to stay"(7)
Aug. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

“In order to escape poverty and support their families back home, thousands of domestic workers from South and South-East Asia migrate to Oman with the promise of stable employment in local households” (para 1). “The kafala creates an ‘unbreakable’ tie between the migrant worker and their employer, which means that the migrant worker’s visa is directly conditioned by the employer. … At least 130,000 migrant domestic workers are affected by the kafala system” (para 6-7).
June 13, 2017, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: China, Indonesia, Philippines
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Two-thirds of Hong Kong's helpers are mothers themselves, who feel forced to leave their young children at home so they can work abroad and send money back, to give their families a better future" (p 5)
June 13, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia, Philippines
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"[There are] approximately 330,000 domestic helpers from the Philippines and Indonesia who left their homes to find work in Hong Kong" (p 3)
June 5, 2017, 6 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-DATA-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"300,000 Syrian children in Lebanon are still out of school, with the majority of them working as child slaves for about 30p an hour in unbearable conditions" (p 6)
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"From January to October 2014, the ministry received 112 salary claims involving female domestic workers" (32). "The great majority of the approximately 227,100 female domestic workers (mainly from the Philippines and Indonesia) worked under clearly outlined contracts" (32). "According to an NGO, which surveyed 195 foreign domestic workers from July 2013 to October 2014, about six in 10 foreign domestic workers do not get a weekly day off in practice" (33).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"While accurate statistics for children working in indentured domestic servitude (referred to as 'restaveks') did not exist, authorities estimated that there were between 250,000 and 500,000 such children, the majority of whom were girls" (28). "An estimated 225,000 children worked as restaveks in urban areas of the country. Most restaveks were girls between the ages of five and 17 years" (37).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"An estimated 39,000 children, primarily indigenous girls, worked as domestic servants and were often vulnerable to physical and sexual abuse" (28).
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"After six months on the job, when the government incentives are paid out, around half the trainees brought in by Gram Tarang return to their villages. Only 40 percent stay longer than a year" (para 62)
Jan. 26, 2017, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Cambodian and Laos children and youth travelled for work (20% and 19%, respectively) more than their counterparts from Myanmar (11%) and Vietnam (9%). The majority of children and youth from Cambodia and Laos who migrated for work went to another country (83% and 71%), while child and youth migrants from Vietnam were most likely to travel to another province within their own country (77%) and youth from Myanmar were most likely to travel to another village or town in their home province (60%). Among children and youth from Cambodia and Myanmar who migrated for work, approximately half were female and half were male. In contrast, nearly two thirds of Lao...more
Jan. 25, 2017, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

" More than 130,000 women have left their home countries to work in Oman as migrant domestic workers, cooking, cleaning and caring for children while living in their employers’ homes" (para 1). "According to official Omani data, about a quarter of Omani families have a domestic worker, but this figure could be far higher as lots of people hire undocumented workers" (para 2).
Jan. 9, 2017, 9:25 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LDS-DATA-1

"Between 17,000 and 22,000 immigrants, mostly from the Economic Community of West African States, were working in the country. Most were men, but the number of immigrant women recently increased" (18).