The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-LAW-1

April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Amayesh cardholders had access to primary education and received primary health care, including vaccinations, prenatal care, maternal and child health, and family planning from the Ministry of Health. They also benefited from a universal basic health insurance package for hospitalization and paraclinical services (medicine, doctor’s visits, radiology, etc.) similar to Iranian citizens, and those with qualifying 'special diseases' got comprehensive coverage" (27).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, LDS-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The law prohibits subjecting a child to any social or customary practice that is harmful to health or general development. Prohibited practices included child trafficking, forced labor, early and forced marriage or betrothal, and use of children as security for loans or other debts" (para 97).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The government did not provide protection against the expulsion or forcible return of vulnerable refugees and asylum seekers, especially North Korean and Kachin refugees. The government continued to consider all North Koreans as ”economic migrants” rather than refugees or asylum seekers and forcibly returned many of them to North Korea. The government continued to prevent UNHCR from having access to North Korean or Burmese refugees. Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common. The government continued to deny UNHCR permission to operate along its borders with Burma. It denied UN officials all access to the Kokang refugees living in...more
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The government operated two shelters for SGBV victims, victims of trafficking in persons, and others in need of protection, and established two hotlines for citizens to report SGBV-related crimes" (22).
March 22, 2019, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"In the period under review, further measures were introduced for the benefit of domestic workers. In 2015, the Ministerial Committee on the Employment of Aliens changed the basic criteria for the employment of migrant workers, giving them the right to request a release-paper from their first day of employment. Previously, a release-paper could not be given to foreign workers before they had completed their first three months of employment with the first employer. This change has reduced the potential for exploitation, since migrant workers can immediately leave unsuitable employers, and has assisted in better-matching domestic workers and employers." (31).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The government funded 42 Foreign Workers Support Centers nationwide, a call center that provided foreign workers with counseling services in 15 languages, Korean language and cultural programs, shelter, and free health-care services. MOEL continued programs for foreign workers, including free legal advice, counseling, translation services, health checkups in their native language, and the establishment of several human rights protection centers for foreigners" (30).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, LDS-LAW-1

"AFCF president claimed 300 young women, who initially went to Saudi Arabia to perform white-collar employment, were instead used for menial labor and denied the right to terminate their employment. Local and international organizations helped repatriate 21 girls; others who wished to return home were in the process of repatriation. In its response to the complaints, the Mauritanian government characterized the situation as allowable under a labor agreement between Mauritania and Saudi Arabia and stated the victims should file a legal complaint with the Mauritanian Ministry of Justice, which had an office for that purpose" (page 28).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Law No. 15 of 2017 concerning domestic workers, which provides legal protection for such workers in line with the International Labour Organization (ILO) Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189) and other relevant international norms" (10). "Law No. 1 of 2017 amending certain provisions of Law No. 21 of 2015, which regulates the entry and exit of migrant workers, concerning the freedom of individuals to leave the State" (10). "The Government believes firmly in the integral role of civil society organizations in raising awareness to address stereotypes of women. Here, we draw attention to the awareness-raising and educational services provided by the Aman Center, which is part of the Qatar Social...more
March 1, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte on Sunday said the temporary ban on Filipinos going to work in Kuwait is now permanent, intensifying a diplomatic standoff over the treatment of migrant workers in the Gulf nation. Mr Duterte in February imposed a prohibition on workers heading to Kuwait following the murder of a Filipina maid whose body was found stuffed in a freezer in the Gulf state" (para 1-2).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Act No. 68 of 2015 on domestic workers, strengthening the rights of women domestic workers and providing them with social and legal protection and health care" (pg. 2).
Jan. 11, 2019, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-LAW-1

"Recently, Minister Athukorala told media that the Foreign Employment Act would be amended soon to add several requirements to facilitate migrant workers, especially for those who work in the Mid-Eastern countries" (para 7).
Jan. 7, 2019, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

“In the absence of identity documents, children born in Malaysia to irregular and migrant workers have no access to public education, affordable healthcare and other welfare services and are particularly prone to become victims of trafficking for sale and sexual exploitation, child forced labour, including forced begging" (para 7).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"In 2013, the Lao Government adopted the Amended Law on Labour which has 2 new articles on protection of migrant women workers: Article 66 provides that the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare has the duty to administer Lao labour working abroad in cooperation with the relevant agencies. In cases where it is deemed necessary, the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, may recommend to the government to appoint a representative for the administration of labour to be attached to the embassy or consulate general of the Lao PDR in a foreign country for the purposes of undertaking administrative duties, protection of,...more
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The National Committee for Human Rights has worked to establish the unit to receive complaints, including women’s complaints in general and the complaints of domestic workers who are subjected to violence. The unit sees to it that justice is done for women and ensures the rehabilitation of women, including foreign workers" (Pg 14). "The Sultanate’s initial national report stated that Oman is largely free of human trafficking and the exploitation of women in prostitution. The Sultanate is continuing efforts to counter such problems, which appear from time to time due to illegal immigration. It strengthened procedures for granting work or visit permits to preclude the importation of women for trafficking...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with satisfaction the enactment of legislation improving the working conditions of domestic workers, with regard to their minimum wage, right to take public holidays and maternity leave, and bill No. 8292-13, which aims at regulating the weekly maximum hours of work" (7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"...the judiciary issued a series of instructions aimed at guaranteeing access to justice for migrant people. These recommendations include alternative ways of accrediting identity, together with inter-agency coordination measures, with to overcoming obstacles that face migrants and to guarantee access to justice...Moreover, in partnership with international organizations, a radial campaign was held and posters were placed to enable migrants, particularly women, to gain knowledge of its scope and thus enhance their access to justice without fear that their undocumented or irregular migratory status would be an obstacle for protection of their rights" (11). "In the same period, the judiciary issued circular 220-14, of 23 September 2014 to guarantee effective access...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"In an attempt to protect women from trafficking and abuse, the government maintained a minimum age for women traveling overseas for domestic employment, although the government lowered the minimum age from 30 to 24 in April. NGOs viewed the age ban as discriminator" (31).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"There were no known shelters specifically for victims of domestic violence, although a permanent shelter for domestic workers could house up to 400 victims. The Public Authority for Manpower operated the shelter, and, as of August, according to a government source, the shelter housed 340 victims and received approximately 200 victims per month. International and national organizations had relatively open access to workers residing in the shelter and reported adequate living conditions; however, observers accused male guards of abusing and sexually harassing some of the women" (23).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption, in 2010, of the amended Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995 (Republic Act No. 10022) to protect migrant workers working in the State party. It is concerned, however, at the widespread exploitation and abuse of Filipina migrant workers working abroad, in particular as domestic workers, and the insufficient support provided to reintegrate those who return. The Committee also notes that the protection of migrant workers under ASEAN migration policies does not cover unskilled migrants, who constitute the majority of Filipina migrant workers" (page 11).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-LAW-1, GEW-LAW-1

"As of 2008, in Act No. 18250 on migration, the crimes of human trafficking and migrant smuggling of migrants were for the first time classified using the definitions established by the United Nations’ Palermo Protocol. Article 80 of the Act extends to complainants, victims, relatives and witnesses in cases of human trafficking the provisions established on the participation of victims in judicial proceedings and the compensation provided for by Act No. 18026 on war crimes and crimes against humanity" (page 20).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The Migrant Exploitation Prevention Strategy is aimed at ensuring the fair treatment of all migrant workers. Interventions include education of migrant employees and employers of migrants through communication campaigns and the provision of targeted employment guides (including the aged care sector which has a particularly high proportion of migrant women workers). The guides include information on employment rights, employee responsibilities, health and safety, and communication issues in the workplace. The Labour Inspectorate and Immigration New Zealand’s compliance operations enforce and prosecute breaches of minimum employment standards such as minimum wage and holiday entitlements and offences under the Immigration Act 2009. In 2015 the Government passed the Immigration Amendment Act 2015...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"We should not overlook the protection affirmed by the Kuwaiti legislature under the Penal Code, no. 16 (1960, amended) to ensure the fight against trafficking in persons and protect the rights of those who fall victim to this crime while on Kuwaiti territory. The Penal Code is replete with stipulations and provisions specifically designed to provide an umbrella of protection for workers’ rights and freedoms. Of these provisions, we might draw attention to articles nos. 186, 187, 190, 191, 192, 193 and 194. Furthermore, article 49 of Act no. 31 (1970), amending the Kuwaiti Penal Code, no. 16 (1960), outlaws all forms of coercion or exploitation of person or the...more
March 9, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Djibouti, India, Niger, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Uganda, Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-LAW-1

“Saudi Arabia has signed a number of bilateral agreements with the countries of origin of female domestic workers. The agreements serve the interests of all parties and prevent the exploitation and violation of the rights of female domestic workers. They have been concluded with India, Niger, Uganda, Djibouti, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Sri Lanka” (32).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Under the regulations, an employer may not assign a domestic worker to perform work that is not agreed in the contract or that endangers the worker's health or harms his/her dignity; nor may the worker be assigned to work for a third party. The regulations require the employer to: pay the worker the agreed wage at the end of each month without delay, with written documentation of the worker's receipt of the monthly wage; provide appropriate housing for the domestic worker; provide a daily rest and weekly break for the worker as agreed by the two parties; provide paid sick leave in the event of an illness; provide paid leave...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Legal and policy developments in the area of foreign employment seek to minimize the potential for trafficking. Statutory provisions contained in the Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign Employment Act while ensuring that foreign employment is regulated, also address prevention of trafficking. For instance, all foreign employment agencies are required to be licensed and, non-compliance thereof is a penal offence. (sec. 24) Recruitment cannot be done without the approval of the Sri Lanka Bureau of Foreign Employment (SLBFE) (sec.37). The contract between the employer abroad and the local employee is required to be certified by the SLBFE and the certified contract must be registered with the Ministry of Labour of the...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"Generally, Moldovan migrants benefit to a very limited extent of health insurance, pay for time not worked (sick leave, rest) or social security at work. The vast majority of migrants have weekly rest days. But the situation differs greatly depending on the country in which migrants work" (Pg 33).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the efforts made by the State party to combat trafficking in persons, including the issuance of decrees to protect domestic workers from exploitation or trafficking and the provision of a temporary shelter, social and psychological programmes and legal aid to victims" (8-9). "The lack of systematically organized rehabilitation and reintegration measures, including access to counselling, medical treatment, psychological support and redress, including compensation, for victims of trafficking, in particular with regard to migrant women and women domestic workers" (9). "The Committee notes with appreciation the measures adopted by the State party to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers, such as the issuance of a unified...more
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures adopted by the State party to protect the rights of women migrant domestic workers, such as issuing unified standard contracts, placing such workers under the provisions of the Labour Code, regulating employment agencies, adopting a law criminalizing trafficking in persons, increasing the number of labour inspectors, setting up a hotline and establishing shelters for victims of abuse and exploitation" (Pg 14).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The committee notes with concern...The lack of harmonization of provincial and federal legislation criminalizing trafficking in persons for purposes of forced labour and forced prostitution, which causes delays in prosecuting and sentencing traffickers" (8).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LDS-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the commitment expressed by the State party’s delegation to adopting legislation that will confer rights and legal protection to domestic workers. Nevertheless, the Committee is concerned about the limited scope of application to domestic workers of Law No. 36/2012 governing labour in the private sector, given the many cases of violence, abuse and exploitation experienced by women migrant workers who are mainly employed as domestic workers in the State party. The Committee commends the State party for the adoption of decision No. 79 (2009), aimed at reforming the sponsorship system, but is concerned that conditions in employment contracts set by employers could undermine the purpose of the...more