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Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Trafficking in Persons Act (2011) and the establishment of a counter-trafficking unit, but is concerned that the State party remains a source, transit and destination country for trafficking. The Committee is particularly concerned at: (a) The prevalence of trafficking in women and girls for purposes of labour and sexual exploitation" (page 7).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Trafficking remains prevalent in Burma and Burma remains 'a source country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and for women and children subjected to sex trafficking.'" (page 7).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not effectively enforce applicable laws against forced labor, and such practices continued to occur, particularly forced child labor, including forced begging by children in Quranic schools (see sections 6 and 7.c.). Some children in these schools (“daaras”) were kept in conditions of servitude, being forced to work daily, generally in street begging, and had to meet a daily quota for money (or sometimes sugar or rice) to their teachers. Despite some increased effort, enforcement and awareness of antitrafficking and forced labor laws remained poor across sectors. There were no public data on arrests, prosecutions, or convictions for forced begging. There were no reports of victims being removed...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign migrant workers, particularly construction workers, security guards, cleaners, handymen, and domestic workers, were subjected to forced labor, confiscation of travel and identity documents, restrictions on movement and communications, physical abuse, sexual harassment and rape, withholding of wages, and forced overtime. There were cases of employers withholding travel documents, stopping payment on contracts, and preventing foreign employees from leaving the work site" (para 295)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The migration of young women out of Benin City began in the nineteen-eighties, when Edo women—fed up with repression, domestic chores, and a lack of economic opportunities—travelled to Europe by airplane, with fake documents. Many ended up doing sex work on the streets of major cities—London, Paris, Madrid, Athens, Rome" (para 18).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2

"Unscrupulous employers subjected women from rural communities and impoverished urban centers to domestic servitude, forced begging, and forced labor in small factories" (37-38).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned: ...That most women in the agricultural and informal sectors, older women and minority women have limited access to full social protection and have limited access to training opportunities and financial resources, such as formal credits through bank loans, income and pension and social security schemes, compared with men" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Thousands of persons were subjected to conditions of forced labor, mainly in mining, forestry, agriculture, brick making, and domestic service...women were most often found working under conditions of domestic servitude" (29-30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Many boys worked as vendors, and young girls in urban areas often worked outside of their families as domestic servants, receiving low or no wages" (26).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Reports indicated that persons recruited girls in rural areas for domestic labor and then forced them into domestic servitude" (20).
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] notes with concern that girls are exposed to exploitative child labour, including domestic work and begging" (page 10).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The State party remains a source country for trafficking in persons, in particular women and girls, for purposes of sexual and labour exploitation. The Committee is particularly concerned: (a) That women and girls continue to be trafficked to neighbouring and other countries for sexual and labour exploitation" (page 9).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"In addition, the State party has a large proportion of its population working abroad as migrant workers, many of them women" (page 3).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The State party being both a transit and a destination country for trafficking in persons, especially women and girls" (page 8).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"[The Committee] is, however, concerned at: (a) The persistence of trafficking in and sexual exploitation of women and girls in the country, and reports of trafficking in girls for domestic work and sexual exploitation" (page 8).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"New Zealand is one of the most ethnically diverse countries in the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and has one of the highest rates of immigration in the world. Almost one in four people in New Zealand was born overseas. In 2014/15 women were issued 50 per cent of New Zealand residence approvals (permanent migrants), 44 per cent of work visas and 43 per cent of student visas . . . The aged care sector . . . has a particularly high proportion of migrant women workers" (page 8).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Girls, especially, are exploited in the practice known as restavèk whereby children live in servitude in private households, and where they are systematically deprived of family affection and their right to education, subjected to forced labour, exploited without being paid, and exposed to physical, sexual and verbale abuse" (11-12).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned at the precarious working conditions of women domestic workers, including women migrant workers abroad, and their heightened risk of being exposed to abuse and trafficking for sexual and labour exploitation. The Committee is also concerned that women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers and face barriers in filing complaints and gaining access to justice. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ratify the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization; (b) Ensure that women domestic workers, including women migrant workers, have access to social protection and other employment -related benefits; (c) Effectively regulate and...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-4

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Child Care and Protection Act of 2015, which contains a chapter on combating trafficking in children; the inclusion of human trafficking among the 12 areas of focus in the revised National Gender Policy; and the use of the Prevention of Organized Crime Act of 2004 to combat trafficking in human beings as well as in the first criminal conviction in 2015 involving a case of human trafficking. The Committee is concerned, however, that the State party remains a source and destination country for trafficking in human beings, in particular women and girls, mainly for purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation. The Committee...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-3, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 2005-06 of 10 May 2005 on combating trafficking in persons and similar practices and the protection of victims and of a national plan to combat trafficking in persons, in particular women and children, in 2009. It is concerned, however, about: (a) The absence of a clear definition of trafficking in persons in the national legislative framework; (b) The lack of data on the extent of trafficking in women and girls to, from and transiting through the State party; (c) Cases of trafficking of women and girls who are domestic workers, 'Internet brides' and women and girls subjected to forced labour, sexual exploitation,...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-2

"While welcoming the adoption of the People Trafficking and People Smuggling (Prohibition) Act in 2009, the Committee remains concerned that the State party is a country of origin, transit and destination for trafficked women and girls, mainly for sexual exploitation and domestic labour. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of data on the extent of trafficking in persons and at the absence of specific programmes to raise awareness of the existence of a national referral mechanism on human trafficking in the State party. It is further concerned that the prohibition of prostitution under the Crimes Act does not criminalize the demand for prostitution. The Committee is also concerned...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Since 2012, exploitation of women or girls in households has increased, particularly within the au pair system. Among au pairs believed to have been exploited, exploitation was in the form of forced labour. Reports concerning au pairs subjected to forced labour have increased. The system is controversial, partly due to claims that Norwegian families abuse the system to acquire underpaid domestic help, particularly from the Philippines" (12-13).
March 9, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh, Djibouti, India, Niger, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Uganda, Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-LAW-1

“Saudi Arabia has signed a number of bilateral agreements with the countries of origin of female domestic workers. The agreements serve the interests of all parties and prevent the exploitation and violation of the rights of female domestic workers. They have been concluded with India, Niger, Uganda, Djibouti, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Sri Lanka” (32).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

“Saudi Arabia has signed a number of bilateral agreements with the countries of origin of female domestic workers. The agreements serve the interests of all parties and prevent the exploitation and violation of the rights of female domestic workers. They have been concluded with India, Niger, Uganda, Djibouti, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Sri Lanka” (32).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Kenya has been noted as a source, transit, and destination country for trafficking of men, women, and children. Trafficked Kenyan adults are exploited in involuntary domestic servitude and forced prostitution. Kenyan men, women, and children migrate to the Middle East, other East African nations, and Europe under different circumstances in search of employment, where they are exploited in domestic servitude, massage parlours and brothels, and forced manual labour, including in the construction industry" (19). "Cases of women being offered jobs abroad and instead ending up as slaves (including sexual slaves) have been in the increase in Kenya. The countries into which women are mostly trafficked to the Middle East" (19)....more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"In general, both international instruments and national legislation governing labor migration do not make specific references to gender, as they do not use explicitly such terms as 'wife or husband' instead of 'spouse', 'daughter or son' instead of children, 'man or woman' instead of a migrant. However, indirect factors such as gender stereotypes and gender differences are obvious. For example, while the regulations on the right to stay in the country admit migrants for certain occupations and there is gender segregation in these sectors, migrants admitted as seasonal farm or construction workers are mostly men, as women migrants usually prevail in the service sector. However, in these circumstances, we find...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"It is concerned, however, that the State party remains a destination and transit country for women trafficked predominantly from South and East Asia and East and North Africa for the purposes of forced labour, domestic servitude and, to a lesser extent, sexual exploitation" (9).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts through the National Committee to Combat Trafficking in Persons, increased labour inspections, bilateral cooperation with countries of origin and the provision of psychological assistance to and physical protection for victims. The Committee reiterates its concern, however, about the prevalence and extent of trafficking of girls and women into the State party for purposes of forced labour and/or sexual exploitation" (pg 6).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

On July 1, 2002, comprehensive legislation that imposed criminal liability for trafficking in human beings for sexual purposes entered into force in Sweden. On July 1, 2004, in order to be compliant with and implement the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, amendments were made to extend criminalization to all forms of trafficking in persons, including trafficking within national borders and for the purpose of, for example, forced labour, war service or exploitation for removal of organs. In 2006, the government appointed an Expert Commission with the task to develop and strengthen the existing anti-trafficking legislation. In April 2008, the government...more
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Those who watch TV are less likely to agree with the practice of baad (the practice of giving away a daughter to another party as penalty or payment for an offence); 14.6 percent vs 29.8 percent, respectively" (para 10) (Coder comment - in the practice of baad, the exchanged daughters become either servants or brides - ARR).