The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Although domestic workers are included within the labor law in the private sector, under section on contracts and holidays, the Ministry of Labor have no specific mechanisms to ensure and monitor the application of the law. The unified tripartite labor contract issued by the Labor Market Regulatory Authority is applied only to workers coming through recruitment agencies. The Association for the Protection of Migrant Workers’ report (2016), indicated that (70%) came to the Associations shelter, did not sign work contracts with the employers. The same report revealed continuing physical, psychological and sexual violations against domestic workers. Such violations have not been considered under the Anti-Trafficking Law for seven years since...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-DATA-1

"Jordan hosted around 70,000 migrant domestic workers in 2019, mostly from the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia" (para 16).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Women from Asia and neighboring African countries were recruited for legitimate work in South Africa, where some were subjected to domestic servitude or forced labor in the service sector" (36).
March 19, 2020, 2:24 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

“Since very few women migrate for jobs, migration is doing little to alleviate the high female unemployment rate. Only 35 percent of migrants are female and most leave for reasons like marriage or family reunification.”
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"On 5 June 2015, ISTAT released the follow-up survey, the results of which are to be widely disseminated also among migrant women. Carried it out in 2014 on a sample of 24.000 women aged 16-70, ISTAT indicates, the most affected foreign women are from: Romania, Ukraine, Albania, Morocco, Moldavia and China." (para 50).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"But Mr. Sasvin Dominguez remains suspended in sadness…His other daughters remain trapped [in Guatemala] and there is no money to move them. Besides, he says, the journey north, even if they could afford it, is far too dangerous for three young women and a toddler to take on their own. His only hope, he says, is asylum" (para 92-93).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution states no work may be compulsory except by virtue of a law. Government did not effectively enforce the prohibition. Employers subjected male and female persons (including citizens) from South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Africa to forced labor in domestic service, construction, cleaning, begging, and other sectors. The government worked with NGOs to provide some assistance to victims of human trafficking, including forced labor." (53).
Aug. 29, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Relatives often send girls via middlemen to work in harsh conditions in domestic servitude" (218).
Aug. 22, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Experts noted the sustained economic downturn resulted in Equatoguineans in urban centers replacing some foreign domestic servants with children from rural areas in Equatorial Guinea, who they then subject to forced labor" (194).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers in rural areas sell children in markets for use in cattle or camel herding. In some cases, military or local government officials exploit child herders in forced labor. Traffickers subject some rural Chadian girls who travel to larger towns in search of work to child sex trafficking or domestic servitude" (146).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1:40 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Observers report traffickers primarily exploit CAR nationals within the country, and transport a smaller number of victims between CAR andCameroon, Chad, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, or South Sudan. Traffickers—including transient merchants, herders, and armed groups—subject children to domestic servitude, commercial sexual exploitation, as well as forced labor in agriculture, artisanal gold and diamond mines, shops, and street vending within CAR" (145).
Aug. 8, 2019, 6:36 a.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers exploit children in domestic servitude and child sex trafficking via prostitution in private homes, guesthouses, and entertainment establishments; they frequently experience nonpayment of wages and verbal and physical abuse" (131)
July 24, 2019, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Some victims of sex trafficking and some women who migrate to Australia for arranged or forced marriages are exploited by their husbands or families in domestic servitude" (85).
July 23, 2019, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Traffickers exploit Angolan women and children in domestic servitude and sex trafficking in South Africa, Namibia, and European countries, including the Netherlands and Portugal" (76).
July 23, 2019, 3:34 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Irregular migrants from Asia are employed as domestic workers by wealthy families and vulnerable to domestic servitude" (72).
July 23, 2019, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Afghan women and girls are subjected to sex trafficking and domestic servitude primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, and India, including through forced marriage" (69).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The main international destinations for Cambodian migrants are Malaysia, Thailand and the Republic of Korea. In late 2011, Cambodia introduced a ban on domestic workers to Malaysia, sharply reducing migration outflows. From 2013 2017, 77,42 documented Cambodian female migrant workers (38.8 per cent of 199,097 workers) were deployed abroad to four countries (Malaysia, Thailand, Japan and Singapore) through 77 registered PRAs with the MoLVT and under the Employment Permit System with the Republic of Korea" (20). "In 2014, the MoLVT received 79 complaints from 635 (243 female) migrant workers, of which 22 cases involved recruitment agencies. A total of 42 cases were resolved, 36 were still in process and one...more
July 8, 2019, 12:38 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Nevertheless, it continues to be concerned (CEDAW/C/BDI/CO/4, para. 27) about the lack of a coordinated and effective response by the State party to the increasing number of women and girls being trafficked out of the country for purposes of domestic servitude and sexual slavery" (8).
June 25, 2019, 9:19 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The persistence of domestic child labour, and the exposure of girls, through this practice, to employment conditions that hinder their full development, amount to labour exploitation and expose them to physical, psychological and sexual abuse" (10).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"During the year dozens of domestic workers from the Philippines, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka sought shelter at their countries’ embassies in Amman. Through June the government-run shelter for victims of trafficking assisted 120 victims of trafficking, including workers from Bangladesh and the Philippines" (46) Sexual exploitation implies female laborers (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
May 28, 2019, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"(c) The limited capacity of central and regional labour inspectorates to combat gender discrimination, in particular against women facing intersecting forms of discrimination, such as Roma women and refugee and migrant women, notwithstanding the recent appointment of 16 labour inspectors" (7).
May 27, 2019, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The lack of information provided to the Committee on the participation of women of migrant origin in the labour market and on the labour exploitation of ethnic minority women, who are frequently subjected to longer working hours" (10). "The fact that women domestic workers still do not enjoy full social and labour protection owing to the provisions of the Home Services Regulations that are currently in force" (11)
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs alleged that employers subjected men and women to forced labor in construction, restaurant work, waste management, commercial fishing, car washes, and agriculture, as well as in private homes as domestic servants" (16).
April 27, 2019, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the efforts of the State party to facilitate the integration of migrants, especially Muslim women, as well as ethnic minority women, including Roma and related groups, Traveller women and undocumented women: Nevertheless, it notes with concern that: (a) Migrant women and minority women continue to be at risk of intersecting forms of discrimination in political life, education, employment and health care;" (16).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign agricultural workers, construction workers, and nursing care workers--particularly women--were among the most vulnerable to conditions of forced labor, including in particular nonpayment or withholding of wages. In December 2016 the government passed a resolution to issue permits directly to Palestinian workers rather than Israeli employers in the construction industry" (48).
March 29, 2019, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits non-Liberian citizens from obtaining work permits when Liberian citizens are available to perform the labor; however, this law was generally not enforced. Refugees seeking employment in the formal sector need a work permit from the Ministry of Labor, but UNHCR paid the requisite fee" (18).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Exploitation of women and girls, mainly in the form of forced labour in households, has increased since 2012, in particular within the au pair system" (12).
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"There were an estimated 100,000 North Korean citizens working as overseas laborers, primarily in Russia and China. Workers were also reportedly present in the following countries during the year: Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Burma, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Laos, Libya, Mali, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, Senegal, Singapore, South Sudan, Tanzania, Taiwan, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Yemen, and Zambia. Reports suggested some countries took steps to reduce the number of North Korean workers in their countries during the year" (25).