The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-1

Jan. 20, 2018, 3:58 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The migration of young women out of Benin City began in the nineteen-eighties, when Edo women—fed up with repression, domestic chores, and a lack of economic opportunities—travelled to Europe by airplane, with fake documents. Many ended up doing sex work on the streets of major cities—London, Paris, Madrid, Athens, Rome" (para 18).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts through the National Committee to Combat Trafficking in Persons, increased labour inspections, bilateral cooperation with countries of origin and the provision of psychological assistance to and physical protection for victims. The Committee reiterates its concern, however, about the prevalence and extent of trafficking of girls and women into the State party for purposes of forced labour and/or sexual exploitation" (pg 6).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

On July 1, 2002, comprehensive legislation that imposed criminal liability for trafficking in human beings for sexual purposes entered into force in Sweden. On July 1, 2004, in order to be compliant with and implement the United Nations Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, amendments were made to extend criminalization to all forms of trafficking in persons, including trafficking within national borders and for the purpose of, for example, forced labour, war service or exploitation for removal of organs. In 2006, the government appointed an Expert Commission with the task to develop and strengthen the existing anti-trafficking legislation. In April 2008, the government ...more
Dec. 28, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Those who watch TV are less likely to agree with the practice of baad (the practice of giving away a daughter to another party as penalty or payment for an offence); 14.6 percent vs 29.8 percent, respectively" (para 10) (Coder comment - in the practice of baad, the exchanged daughters become either servants or brides - ARR).
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 11:01 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1, CWC-DATA-4, IRP-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2, IRP-DATA-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports that [in Panama] Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced labor of adults or children. The law establishes penalties of 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment for forced labor involving movement (either cross-border or within the country) and six to 10 years’ imprisonment for forced labor not involving movement"(29). "There were anecdotal reports that Chinese citizens were forced to work in grocery stores and laundries in situations of debt bondage, as well as reports that Nicaraguan and Colombian women were subjected to domestic servitude. According to leaders of the Central General Autonomy for Workers, forced labor continued to be a growing problem, particularly in the commercial sex industry"(29-30)
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:37 p.m.
Countries: China, Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, IRP-DATA-1

"During CNN's trip to the border, the government called and told us the police had just rescued five girls as they were about to cross the border with a trafficker. We met the girls, who are just 14 years old. They said they were promised $600 to go to work in China by a neighbor from the same village" (para 26).
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Reducing poverty will help stop women going to China seeking work, another common way traffickers lure victims" (para 25).
Dec. 21, 2017, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Reducing poverty will help stop women going to China seeking work, another common way traffickers lure victims" (para 25).
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:39 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"It’s a problem intertwined with a reluctance to let outsiders into the country. Labor costs are high in Japan, making child care and nannies far beyond the economic reach of many families. Japan has only recently begun relaxing rules on allowing in domestic workers from countries like the Philippines, who could help provide lower-cost child care as they do in Singapore and Hong Kong" (para 8).
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:41 p.m.
Countries: Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"While precise data are lacking, UNRISD estimates that by 2002 there were at least 1.3 million foreign women working in the major labor-importing countries in East and Southeast Asia, including Japan, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand. These women constituted a high proportion of the total immigrant labor force in some of these countries (UNRISD 2005, p.115)"(23)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999). Female migrants formed threequarters of those migrating from Sri Lanka, and over half of those migrating from the Philippines in recent years (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development [UNRISD] 2005). They often become part of heavily segmented employment markets (Salazar Parrenas 2001)"(22-23)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999)"(22)
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999)"(22)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:37 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-DATA-1

"In countries such as Malaysia and Sri Lanka, young women in particular out-migrate to urban centers to work at transnational production sites or free trade zones. Well-documented tensions are often created between the traditional values of the peasant society from which the women originate and the values at industrial sites where they work (Ong 1987)"(22)."Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia)"(22)
Nov. 29, 2017, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"Young women from Cambodia, the PRC, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka, as well as other countries in Asia and the Pacific, increasingly migrate to other countries (particularly in the Middle East) to serve as domestic workers, or sometimes as sex workers (especially in Thailand and Malaysia) (Adams and Dickey 1999; Brochmann 1993; Henshall 1999; Mason 1999). Female migrants formed threequarters of those migrating from Sri Lanka, and over half of those migrating from the Philippines in recent years (United Nations Research Institute for Social Development [UNRISD] 2005). They often become part of heavily segmented employment markets (Salazar Parrenas 2001)"(22-23)
Nov. 27, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"On paper, the law is clear: men and women enjoy equal property rights under Afghanistan's 2004 constitution. But on-the-ground reality says otherwise as a combination of tradition and customary laws keep most Afghan women unaware of their land rights and far from owning property. As the Afghan Ministry of Justice estimates, 90 percent of Afghans decide land rights according to customary laws – regulations developed and instituted at the regional and tribal level. For this reason, few Afghan women are able to capitalize on their right to inherit and own property. While customary law varies throughout the country, it typically pressures a woman to relinquish her share of an inheritance ...more
Nov. 7, 2017, 9:21 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Climate change is making an already tough life even harder for many of the estimated 20 million people now crammed into heaving greater Dhaka. Its population continues to grow at nearly 5 percent a year as migrants - many of whom have lost their farms to worsening erosion, storms and sea-level rise - flood in seeking new work"(para 5)."Many slum residents find work at Dhaka's garment factories, earning about $50 per month of 12-hour shifts, or spend their days recycling plastic wrapping in sheds within the slum"(para 21). These data points are not specifically mentioning women but migration and factory work likely affect the women here (ENB-Coder Comment)more
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Starting when the twins were 4 months old, he would from time to time take the children and kick her {Elham] out of the house, she said. She would intermittently take work as a domestic worker to have somewhere to stay"(7)
Aug. 26, 2017, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"In order to protect its nationals from abusive employment, Indonesia has banned migration to Oman, as well as other countries with a similar history of migrant labour abuse" (para 19).
Aug. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

“In order to escape poverty and support their families back home, thousands of domestic workers from South and South-East Asia migrate to Oman with the promise of stable employment in local households” (para 1). “In order to protect its nationals from abusive employment, Indonesia has banned migration to Oman, as well as other countries with a similar history of migrant labour abuse” (para 19).
July 20, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Thousands of people – largely poor, rural women and children – are lured to India's towns and cities each year by traffickers who promise good jobs, but sell them into modern day slavery. Some end up as domestic workers, or forced to work in small industries such as textile workshops, farming or are even pushed into brothels where they are sexually exploited. In many cases, they are not paid or are held in debt bondage. Some go missing, and their families cannot trace them" (para 8-10).
June 23, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

According to data from The World Bank, in 2014, 95.6 percent of Maltese women had an account at a formal financial institution while 97.1 percent of men had one (TPJ – CODER COMMENT). According to data from The World Bank, 21.1 percent of Maltese women reported borrowing money, compared to 19.7 percent of men (TPJ – CODER COMMENT). According to data from The World Bank, 1.2 percent of Maltese women borrowed money to start, operate, or expand a farm or business compared to .7 percent of men (TPJ – CODER COMMENT). According to data from The World Bank, 15.6 percent of women took out a loan in 2011 compared to ...more
June 13, 2017, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"A lack of employment opportunities back home [in the Philippines] means that even those with education and training often cannot find work back home, and many of the jobs that are available pay far less than a domestic worker earns in Hong Kong. This economic disparity forces these women to make an agonizing choice: leave the family and work abroad, or stay at home and risk a lifetime of poverty" (p 7-8)
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"In Aruba forced laborers included Indian men and women working in retail stores, Caribbean and South American women working in domestic service…" (23).
March 28, 2017, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"One source claimed that traffickers subjected women to domestic servitude and sex trafficking through forced marriages" (15).
March 24, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports that men and women, including migrant workers, were subjected to forced labor, typically through debt bondage" (27).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"An estimated 225,000 children worked as restaveks in urban areas of the country. Most restaveks were girls between the ages of five and 17 years...Girls were often placed in domestic servitude in private urban homes by parents who were unable to provide for them, while boys more frequently were exploited for labor on farms. Restaveks who did not run away from families usually remained with them until the age of 14 years" (37).
March 16, 2017, 1:46 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Camp migrants who work in the local area’s lemon and orange groves report their earnings as 15 euros (about $17) a day" (para 6). 20% of the camp residents are women (KH- CODER COMMENT).