The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-1

April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign agricultural workers, construction workers, and nursing care workers--particularly women--were among the most vulnerable to conditions of forced labor, including in particular nonpayment or withholding of wages. In December 2016 the government passed a resolution to issue permits directly to Palestinian workers rather than Israeli employers in the construction industry" (48).
March 29, 2019, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, IRP-PRACTICE-2

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits non-Liberian citizens from obtaining work permits when Liberian citizens are available to perform the labor; however, this law was generally not enforced. Refugees seeking employment in the formal sector need a work permit from the Ministry of Labor, but UNHCR paid the requisite fee" (18).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Exploitation of women and girls, mainly in the form of forced labour in households, has increased since 2012, in particular within the au pair system" (12).
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"There were an estimated 100,000 North Korean citizens working as overseas laborers, primarily in Russia and China. Workers were also reportedly present in the following countries during the year: Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Burma, Cambodia, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Guinea, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Laos, Libya, Mali, Malaysia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Oman, Poland, Qatar, Senegal, Singapore, South Sudan, Tanzania, Taiwan, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Yemen, and Zambia. Reports suggested some countries took steps to reduce the number of North Korean workers in their countries during the year" (25).
March 7, 2019, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Slavery-like practices, which typically flowed from ancestral master-slave relationships and involved both adults and children, continued throughout the year. Former slaves and their descendants remained in a dependent status in part due to a lack of marketable skills, poverty, and persistent drought. Such practices occurred primarily in areas where educational levels were generally low or a barter economy still prevailed, and in urban centers, including Nouakchott, where domestic servitude was relatively common. The practices commonly occurred where there was a need for workers to herd livestock, tend fields, and do other manual or household labor. Some former slaves and descendants of slaves were forced or had no other viable option...more
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Slavery-like practices, which typically flowed from ancestral master-slave relationships and involved both adults and children, continued throughout the year. Former slaves and their descendants remained in a dependent status in part due to a lack of marketable skills, poverty, and persistent drought. Such practices occurred primarily in areas where educational levels were generally low or a barter economy still prevailed, and in urban centers, including Nouakchott, where domestic servitude was relatively common. The practices commonly occurred where there was a need for workers to herd livestock, tend fields, and do other manual or household labor. Some former slaves and descendants of slaves were forced or had no other viable option...more
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The State has signed 36 bilateral conventions and 5 memorandums of understanding with labour-sending States in order to provide legal protection to migrant workers prior to recruitment" (28) Treaties signifies a large influx of migrants from 'labour-sending States (AMG-CODER COMMENT).
March 1, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-DATA-1

"There was no immediate response from Kuwait, where around 262,000 Filipinos are employed - nearly 60 percent of them as domestic workers, according to the Philippines' foreign department" (para 6).
March 1, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"There was no immediate response from Kuwait, where around 262,000 Filipinos are employed - nearly 60 percent of them as domestic workers, according to the Philippines' foreign department" (para 7).
Feb. 23, 2019, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"With regard to measures to suppress trafficking in women, a national committee on combating human trafficking and migrant smuggling has been established within the Ministry of Internal Affairs. A draft anti-human trafficking law has also been drawn up, and the Ministry has organized awareness-raising campaigns and produced an action plan to combat human trafficking" (7).
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"There were nearly 35,000 migrant workers in the country, mainly from Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, China, and Madagascar. Additionally, Malagasy women reportedly transited the country while traveling to other countries, where employers subjected them to forced labor conditions" (para 85).
Feb. 12, 2019, 8:23 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Some of the most important achievements in the period 2008-2010 were: (d) In 2008, the National Institute for Migration distributed 4593 copies of the migrants’ passbook and 4594 copies of the preventive guide for migrant women" (78). This is referring to the State of Chihuahua (CCS-CODER COMMENT).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits all forms of forced or compulsory labor, but forced labor occurred. The law prohibits the contractual use of persons without their consent, and penalties include a fine and hard labor. Penalties increase to 20 years’ imprisonment if a person under age 15 is involved. According to NGOs the judiciary was reluctant to act in forced labor cases. The government made little effort during the year to prevent or eliminate forced labor. Following a September 2014 national conference on the artisanal mining sector, the government launched a commission that met twice monthly to craft measures to combat better violations in the sector, including forced labor. Most adult forced...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Families living in the interior sometimes sent young women and children to stay with relatives in Monrovia or other cities with the promise that the relatives would assist the women and children to pursue educational or other opportunities. In some instances these women and children were forced to work as street vendors, domestic servants, or beggars. Young women and children also were subject to forced labor on rubber plantations and in gold mines, rock-crushing quarries, and alluvial diamond mines. Forced labor continued despite efforts by NGOs and other organizations to eliminate the practice" (Pg 24).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"It nevertheless remains concerned about: (e) The lack of information about the workplace inspections of private households to monitor working conditions of women domestic workers, including migrant workers" (9). "The Committee notes that male and female asylum seekers are entitled to work in the State party after having been recognized as such. Nevertheless, it is concerned at: (a) Intersecting forms of discrimination against migrant women, in particular those in an irregular situation" (12).
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Jonalyn left her home in the Philippines and traveled to the Middle East to work as a domestic worker for a family in Lebanon. For nearly a year, Jonalyn suffered severe psychological and physical torture at the hands of her employers. She was imprisoned in solitary confinement for 10 days and was threatened constantly with death. She endured both physical and sexual abuse. Her employer poured chlorine-based detergent over Jonalyn’s body and open wounds, and subjected her to electric shocks using a stun-gun. Jonalyn eventually came into contact with the Caritas Lebanon Migrant Center (CLMC), an organisation that runs a safe house for migrant workers who have suffered abuse by...more
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Jonalyn left her home in the Philippines and traveled to the Middle East to work as a domestic worker for a family in Lebanon. For nearly a year, Jonalyn suffered severe psychological and physical torture at the hands of her employers. She was imprisoned in solitary confinement for 10 days and was threatened constantly with death. She endured both physical and sexual abuse. Her employer poured chlorine-based detergent over Jonalyn’s body and open wounds, and subjected her to electric shocks using a stun-gun. Jonalyn eventually came into contact with the Caritas Lebanon Migrant Center (CLMC), an organisation that runs a safe house for migrant workers who have suffered abuse by...more
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso, France
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Diane is a 30-year-old woman from Burkina Faso who was kept for two years as a domestic slave in the Paris apartment of an affluent family from West Africa, after having been trafficked from her home country to France. She was not free to go out of the flat, except to take the family’s children to school, and was only given leftovers to eat. She was insulted and threatened on a regular basis. After two years of this treatment Diane eventually drew up the courage to escape from the house while running an errand for her employers. A few days later she came into contact with CCEM, an NGO in...more
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Trafficking in Persons Act (2011) and the establishment of a counter-trafficking unit, but is concerned that the State party remains a source, transit and destination country for trafficking. The Committee is particularly concerned at: (a) The prevalence of trafficking in women and girls for purposes of labour and sexual exploitation" (page 7).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Trafficking remains prevalent in Burma and Burma remains 'a source country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and for women and children subjected to sex trafficking.'" (page 7).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not effectively enforce applicable laws against forced labor, and such practices continued to occur, particularly forced child labor, including forced begging by children in Quranic schools (see sections 6 and 7.c.). Some children in these schools (“daaras”) were kept in conditions of servitude, being forced to work daily, generally in street begging, and had to meet a daily quota for money (or sometimes sugar or rice) to their teachers. Despite some increased effort, enforcement and awareness of antitrafficking and forced labor laws remained poor across sectors. There were no public data on arrests, prosecutions, or convictions for forced begging. There were no reports of victims being removed...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign migrant workers, particularly construction workers, security guards, cleaners, handymen, and domestic workers, were subjected to forced labor, confiscation of travel and identity documents, restrictions on movement and communications, physical abuse, sexual harassment and rape, withholding of wages, and forced overtime. There were cases of employers withholding travel documents, stopping payment on contracts, and preventing foreign employees from leaving the work site" (para 295)
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The migration of young women out of Benin City began in the nineteen-eighties, when Edo women—fed up with repression, domestic chores, and a lack of economic opportunities—travelled to Europe by airplane, with fake documents. Many ended up doing sex work on the streets of major cities—London, Paris, Madrid, Athens, Rome" (para 18).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2

"Unscrupulous employers subjected women from rural communities and impoverished urban centers to domestic servitude, forced begging, and forced labor in small factories" (37-38).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned: ...That most women in the agricultural and informal sectors, older women and minority women have limited access to full social protection and have limited access to training opportunities and financial resources, such as formal credits through bank loans, income and pension and social security schemes, compared with men" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Thousands of persons were subjected to conditions of forced labor, mainly in mining, forestry, agriculture, brick making, and domestic service...women were most often found working under conditions of domestic servitude" (29-30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Many boys worked as vendors, and young girls in urban areas often worked outside of their families as domestic servants, receiving low or no wages" (26).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1

"Reports indicated that persons recruited girls in rural areas for domestic labor and then forced them into domestic servitude" (20).