The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-2

April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign agricultural workers, construction workers, and nursing care workers--particularly women--were among the most vulnerable to conditions of forced labor, including in particular nonpayment or withholding of wages. In December 2016 the government passed a resolution to issue permits directly to Palestinian workers rather than Israeli employers in the construction industry" (48).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43). "Migrant female workers were particularly vulnerable to sexual violence" (page 51).
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Migrant workers were particularly vulnerable to exploitation, worked in unacceptable conditions, and were frequently forced to accept low wages to repay their debts with employment agencies" (33).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Many migrant workers face discrimination and difficult working conditions. The maximum length of stay under the EPS is four years and 10 months, just under the five years needed to apply for permanent residency. Some NGOs and civil society groups asserted this explicitly excludes foreign workers from permanent residence or citizenship eligibility. Amnesty International’s 2015-16 report stated the terms of the EPS make it extremely difficult for migrant workers to seek alternative employment even if they experience exploitation or abuse by their employer" (28). "Other NGOs reported foreign laborers sometimes faced physical abuse and exploitation by employers in the form of longer working hours and lower wages than their local...more
March 11, 2019, 12:40 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Switzerland is a primary (as opposed to a transit) destination for women being trafficked into the sex trade. Victims originate mainly from Central and Eastern Europe, but also from Thailand, Nigeria, China, Brazil, Cameroon, the Dominican Republic and Morocco" (para 5).
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Hamad Medical Foundation has adopted a number of policies to combat the problem of violence against women. They require medical professionals to report suspected cases of violence, including sexual harassment, sexual assault, illegitimate pregnancy and violence against vulnerable groups, domestic workers and pregnant women" (25).
March 1, 2019, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte on Sunday said the temporary ban on Filipinos going to work in Kuwait is now permanent, intensifying a diplomatic standoff over the treatment of migrant workers in the Gulf nation. Mr Duterte in February imposed a prohibition on workers heading to Kuwait following the murder of a Filipina maid whose body was found stuffed in a freezer in the Gulf state" (para 1-2). "Mr Duterte lashed out at Kuwait in February, alleging Arab employers routinely rape Filipina workers, force them to work 21 hours a day and feed them scraps" (para 13).
March 1, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Mr Duterte lashed out at Kuwait in February, alleging Arab employers routinely rape Filipina workers, force them to work 21 hours a day and feed them scraps" (para 13). "Mr Duterte in February imposed a prohibition on workers heading to Kuwait following the murder of a Filipina maid whose body was found stuffed in a freezer in the Gulf state" (para 2).
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Trade unionists reported cases of forced labor during the year among migrant workers involving passport confiscation, underpayment of wages, substandard living conditions, lack of clearly defined work titles, denial of meal allowances, and deportation. . . Additionally, Malagasy women reportedly transited the country while traveling to other countries, where employers subjected them to forced labor conditions" (para 84).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The fact that women migrant workers remain vulnerable to abuse, sexual harassment and forced labour" (pg. 10). "Legal gaps in Act No. 68 of 2015 regarding the effective protection of domestic workers from abuse, exploitation and violence, including: the lack of labour inspection mechanisms; weak penalties imposed on labour recruitment firms for abusive practices; the tying of the immigration status of the domestic workers to one employer or sponsor, and the requirement for the Ministry of the Interior to deport an “absconding” worker; the absence of sanctions applied to employers for withholding the passports of domestic workers or failing to provide adequate housing, food, medical expenses, daily breaks or weekly...more
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Diane is a 30-year-old woman from Burkina Faso who was kept for two years as a domestic slave in the Paris apartment of an affluent family from West Africa, after having been trafficked from her home country to France. She was not free to go out of the flat, except to take the family’s children to school, and was only given leftovers to eat. She was insulted and threatened on a regular basis. After two years of this treatment Diane eventually drew up the courage to escape from the house while running an errand for her employers. A few days later she came into contact with CCEM, an NGO in...more
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Jonalyn left her home in the Philippines and traveled to the Middle East to work as a domestic worker for a family in Lebanon. For nearly a year, Jonalyn suffered severe psychological and physical torture at the hands of her employers. She was imprisoned in solitary confinement for 10 days and was threatened constantly with death. She endured both physical and sexual abuse. Her employer poured chlorine-based detergent over Jonalyn’s body and open wounds, and subjected her to electric shocks using a stun-gun. Jonalyn eventually came into contact with the Caritas Lebanon Migrant Center (CLMC), an organisation that runs a safe house for migrant workers who have suffered abuse by...more
Jan. 11, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Government had filed an appeal before the Riyad Court in Saudi Arabia, on behalf of the Sri Lankan female domestic worker, who was recently sentenced to be stoned to death after being found guilty of having a clandestine affair, Foreign Employment Ministry said" (para 1).
Jan. 11, 2019, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-LAW-1

"Recently, Minister Athukorala told media that the Foreign Employment Act would be amended soon to add several requirements to facilitate migrant workers, especially for those who work in the Mid-Eastern countries" (para 7).
Jan. 7, 2019, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In the absence of identity documents, children born in Malaysia to irregular and migrant workers have no access to public education, affordable healthcare and other welfare services and are particularly prone to become victims of trafficking for sale and sexual exploitation, child forced labour, including forced begging" (para 7).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Migrants from China, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Nigeria, and Guinea may receive low wages and work without contracts, creating vulnerabilities to forced labor... There were incidents of child labor in domestic service and in family agricultural efforts, often working long hours in dangerous conditions, and at times experiencing physical and sexual abuse, indicators of forced labor" (15).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

Case studies reveal trafficking for forced labor and forced marriage. Kachin women were captured in Burma and in China and trafficked to other provinces of China. When victims were able to call police, they were imprisoned for a few months before being sent to trafficking shelters, government offices, and/or given border passes to return home (page 34-36).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Forced labor occurred in agriculture, street vending, domestic service, the transit of drugs and other illicit items, and other criminal activity. Victims were primarily impoverished men, women, and children in both rural and urban areas (also see section 7.c.)" (para 154)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign migrant workers, particularly construction workers, security guards, cleaners, handymen, and domestic workers, were subjected to forced labor, confiscation of travel and identity documents, restrictions on movement and communications, physical abuse, sexual harassment and rape, withholding of wages, and forced overtime. There were cases of employers withholding travel documents, stopping payment on contracts, and preventing foreign employees from leaving the work site" (para 295)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The National Committee for Human Rights has worked to establish the unit to receive complaints, including women’s complaints in general and the complaints of domestic workers who are subjected to violence. The unit sees to it that justice is done for women and ensures the rehabilitation of women, including foreign workers" (Pg 14). "The Sultanate’s initial national report stated that Oman is largely free of human trafficking and the exploitation of women in prostitution. The Sultanate is continuing efforts to counter such problems, which appear from time to time due to illegal immigration. It strengthened procedures for granting work or visit permits to preclude the importation of women for trafficking...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Domestic workers, especially migrant female domestic workers, were sometimes trapped in forced servitude, in which employers used threats, intimidation, and in some cases sexual violence to prevent them from leaving" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"However, the Committee expresses concern at the continuing precarious situation of domestic workers, in particular migrant women, the lack of implementation of the legal framework and the insufficient monitoring of their working conditions" (7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"...it was detected that the fact that a person lacks documents considered appropriate by the judicial authorities, is a major obstacle for migrant persons to be able to gain access to legal mechanisms to protect their basic fundamental rights. This problem is all the more serious when it involves issues as sensitive as domestic violence and alimony, where women are the main victims" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports employers raped or sexually assaulted foreign domestic workers" (21). "Some employers subjected domestic workers to physical, sexual, and emotional abuse; in a few cases, such abuse led to death. Local newspapers reported on court cases involving violence committed against maids and other domestic workers. For example, in July the Abu Dhabi criminal court convicted a husband and wife of enslaving and killing their maid" (30).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Women employed as domestic workers were particularly vulnerable to forced labor" (24). "In September a woman was awarded nearly 184,000 pounds ($276,000) compensation in one of the UK’s first claims of caste discrimination. Permila Tirkey was recruited from India, based on her low caste in Hindu society, and kept in domestic servitude by her employers in Milton Keynes. Tirkey alleged that her employers forced her to work 18 hours per day, seven days a week for 11 pence ($0.17) per hour. The Legal Aid Agency initially refused to fund her representation for 17 months on the grounds that her case was not of 'sufficient importance or seriousness' and that it...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes that internal and cross-border migration has rapidly increased in recent years. In that context, the Committee is concerned: (a) That internal migrant workers, including women and girls, face barriers in gaining access to basic social services guaranteed to all Vietnamese citizens; (b) That migrant women and girls, especially women domestic workers, are at a high risk of sexual and labour exploitation; (c) That women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers for international marriage; (d) That migrant women who are victims of exploitation and violence face barriers in filing complaints and gaining access to justice" (9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Another UN-funded report on social protection for women and girls noted that female migrants working in nonofficial sectors had difficulties accessing standard housing. These women resided in temporary accommodations that were unsafe and lacked basic services" (41).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports of isolated cases of forced labor involving children and women, primarily in domestic and agricultural labor. Migrant women and girls were subjected to domestic servitude and forced labor in the services sector" (49).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In some cases sponsors sexually harassed and mistreated foreign domestic servants. In a 2014 report, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women expressed 'deep concern' at the 'high prevalence of domestic and sexual violence against women and girls, including women migrant domestic workers.' Most domestic servants did not press charges due to fear of losing their jobs. In 2014 the QFPSR reported 28 cases of sexual harassment. When the domestic employees brought harassment to the attention of authorities, the employees were occasionally deported, and the government did not file charges against the employer" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In an attempt to protect women from trafficking and abuse, the government maintained a minimum age for women traveling overseas for domestic employment, although the government lowered the minimum age from 30 to 24 in April. NGOs viewed the age ban as discriminatory. In May 2014 the government also suspended the issuance of exit permits for all domestic workers, the vast majority of whom were women, but it was in the process of lifting this suspension as of late September. Although reliable data was not available, local migrant worker rights organizations asserted that these two restrictions did not prevent trafficking or abuse but forced women to seek irregular channels to...more