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Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-2

Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Domestic workers, especially migrant female domestic workers, were sometimes trapped in forced servitude, in which employers used threats, intimidation, and in some cases sexual violence to prevent them from leaving" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"However, the Committee expresses concern at the continuing precarious situation of domestic workers, in particular migrant women, the lack of implementation of the legal framework and the insufficient monitoring of their working conditions" (7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"...it was detected that the fact that a person lacks documents considered appropriate by the judicial authorities, is a major obstacle for migrant persons to be able to gain access to legal mechanisms to protect their basic fundamental rights. This problem is all the more serious when it involves issues as sensitive as domestic violence and alimony, where women are the main victims" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports employers raped or sexually assaulted foreign domestic workers" (21). "Some employers subjected domestic workers to physical, sexual, and emotional abuse; in a few cases, such abuse led to death. Local newspapers reported on court cases involving violence committed against maids and other domestic workers. For example, in July the Abu Dhabi criminal court convicted a husband and wife of enslaving and killing their maid" (30).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Women employed as domestic workers were particularly vulnerable to forced labor" (24). "In September a woman was awarded nearly 184,000 pounds ($276,000) compensation in one of the UK’s first claims of caste discrimination. Permila Tirkey was recruited from India, based on her low caste in Hindu society, and kept in domestic servitude by her employers in Milton Keynes. Tirkey alleged that her employers forced her to work 18 hours per day, seven days a week for 11 pence ($0.17) per hour. The Legal Aid Agency initially refused to fund her representation for 17 months on the grounds that her case was not of 'sufficient importance or seriousness' and that it...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes that internal and cross-border migration has rapidly increased in recent years. In that context, the Committee is concerned: (a) That internal migrant workers, including women and girls, face barriers in gaining access to basic social services guaranteed to all Vietnamese citizens; (b) That migrant women and girls, especially women domestic workers, are at a high risk of sexual and labour exploitation; (c) That women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers for international marriage; (d) That migrant women who are victims of exploitation and violence face barriers in filing complaints and gaining access to justice" (9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Another UN-funded report on social protection for women and girls noted that female migrants working in nonofficial sectors had difficulties accessing standard housing. These women resided in temporary accommodations that were unsafe and lacked basic services" (41).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports of isolated cases of forced labor involving children and women, primarily in domestic and agricultural labor. Migrant women and girls were subjected to domestic servitude and forced labor in the services sector" (49).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In some cases sponsors sexually harassed and mistreated foreign domestic servants. In a 2014 report, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women expressed 'deep concern' at the 'high prevalence of domestic and sexual violence against women and girls, including women migrant domestic workers.' Most domestic servants did not press charges due to fear of losing their jobs. In 2014 the QFPSR reported 28 cases of sexual harassment. When the domestic employees brought harassment to the attention of authorities, the employees were occasionally deported, and the government did not file charges against the employer" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In an attempt to protect women from trafficking and abuse, the government maintained a minimum age for women traveling overseas for domestic employment, although the government lowered the minimum age from 30 to 24 in April. NGOs viewed the age ban as discriminatory. In May 2014 the government also suspended the issuance of exit permits for all domestic workers, the vast majority of whom were women, but it was in the process of lifting this suspension as of late September. Although reliable data was not available, local migrant worker rights organizations asserted that these two restrictions did not prevent trafficking or abuse but forced women to seek irregular channels to...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Women and girls from rural areas, as well as migrant workers from bordering countries, were lured to cities with promises of employment or education and continued to be exploited in domestic servitude and sex trafficking" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Employers often abused and raped young rural girls working as housekeepers in the capital. If they left their work, employers typically did not pay them, so many remained rather than return empty-handed to their families and villages" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Female domestic workers were particularly vulnerable to sexual abuse" (33). "Domestic workers were at particular risk of discrimination or abuse due to the isolated home environment in which they worked" (34). "Some domestic workers did not have the ability to remove themselves from an unhealthy or unsafe situation without endangering their employment. There were reports of domestic workers’ committing or attempting to commit suicide due to desperation over abuse, including sexual violence, or poor working conditions. Several embassies with large domestic worker populations in the country have met with varying degrees of success in pressing the government to prosecute serious cases of domestic worker abuse. One embassy stated that it...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:17 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs expressed continued concern over...the lack of a mechanism to provide safe living quarters for migrant women experiencing domestic violence" (12).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee . . . is concerned, however, at the widespread exploitation and abuse of Filipina migrant workers working abroad, in particular as domestic workers, and the insufficient support provided to reintegrate those who return" (page 11). "The Committee is concerned: (a) That Muslim women, indigenous women, women with disabilities, women migrant workers working and returning from abroad, internally displaced persons and lesbian, bisexual and transgender women face a heightened risk of violence, exploitation and abuse, as well as discrimination in political and public life, marriage and family relations, employment, education, access to justice and health care" (page 13).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes the establishment of institutional committees in the Ministry of the Interior and the National Women’s Institute to tackle trafficking in persons and the development of a national plan of action in that regard, in addition to guidelines on protecting and assisting victims of trafficking. The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) The State party being both a transit and a destination country for trafficking in persons, especially women and girls; (b) The lack of information on the measures taken to identify, prevent and bring prosecutions in cases of trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitation and on the number of prosecutions and convictions in cases of trafficking"...more
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-LAW-1, GEW-LAW-1

"As of 2008, in Act No. 18250 on migration, the crimes of human trafficking and migrant smuggling of migrants were for the first time classified using the definitions established by the United Nations’ Palermo Protocol. Article 80 of the Act extends to complainants, victims, relatives and witnesses in cases of human trafficking the provisions established on the participation of victims in judicial proceedings and the compensation provided for by Act No. 18026 on war crimes and crimes against humanity" (page 20).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"[The Committee] is, however, concerned at: (a) The persistence of trafficking in and sexual exploitation of women and girls in the country, and reports of trafficking in girls for domestic work and sexual exploitation" (page 8).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The New Zealand Customs Service and Immigration New Zealand use an intelligence-led approach incorporating electronic (pre arrival ATS-G) and trained officer profiling techniques to identify potential trafficking victims arriving in New Zealand. There are a number of specific profiles used, the most important being: the sex industry, horticulture, fishing and labour joining the Christchurch rebuild. Profiling is designed to identify persons coming to work in New Zealand without work visas — the lack of a work visa makes these individuals vulnerable to exploitation" (page 46-47). "Migrant and refugee women face specific disadvantages, including access to support and services, transportation, isolation and language barriers" (page 52).
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"While welcoming the protective measures taken by the State party for women who migrate from Sri Lanka, the Committee remains concerned that these women remain vulnerable to illegal employment agencies, and that many work in exploitative situations and experience violence and abuse at the hands of their employers" (9).
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"While welcoming the protective measures taken by the State party for women who migrate from Sri Lanka, the Committee remains concerned that these women remain vulnerable to illegal employment agencies, and that many work in exploitative situations and experience violence and abuse at the hands of their employers" (9).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"That the legislative amendment to Royal Legislative Decree No.16/2012 excluded migrants in irregular situations from universal health coverage and had a disproportionate impact on migrant women because it deprived them of free access to sexual and reproductive health services. It therefore represented an opportunity lost to identify victims of gender-based violence and trafficking and to provide support to victims of sexual violence" (9-10).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

The Committee is concerned at the precarious working conditions of women domestic workers, including women migrant workers abroad, and their heightened risk of being exposed to abuse and trafficking for sexual and labour exploitation. The Committee is also concerned that women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers and face barriers in filing complaints and gaining access to justice. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ratify the Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), of the International Labour Organization; (b) Ensure that women domestic workers, including women migrant workers, have access to social protection and other employment -related benefits; (c) Effectively regulate and...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-LAW-3, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of Law No. 2005-06 of 10 May 2005 on combating trafficking in persons and similar practices and the protection of victims and of a national plan to combat trafficking in persons, in particular women and children, in 2009. It is concerned, however, about: (a) The absence of a clear definition of trafficking in persons in the national legislative framework; (b) The lack of data on the extent of trafficking in women and girls to, from and transiting through the State party; (c) Cases of trafficking of women and girls who are domestic workers, 'Internet brides' and women and girls subjected to forced labour, sexual exploitation,...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-3, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, IRP-PRACTICE-4, IRP-LAW-2

"While welcoming the adoption of the People Trafficking and People Smuggling (Prohibition) Act in 2009, the Committee remains concerned that the State party is a country of origin, transit and destination for trafficked women and girls, mainly for sexual exploitation and domestic labour. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of data on the extent of trafficking in persons and at the absence of specific programmes to raise awareness of the existence of a national referral mechanism on human trafficking in the State party. It is further concerned that the prohibition of prostitution under the Crimes Act does not criminalize the demand for prostitution. The Committee is also concerned...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Since 2012, exploitation of women or girls in households has increased, particularly within the au pair system. Among au pairs believed to have been exploited, exploitation was in the form of forced labour. Reports concerning au pairs subjected to forced labour have increased. The system is controversial, partly due to claims that Norwegian families abuse the system to acquire underpaid domestic help, particularly from the Philippines. As a result, the Au Pair Centre — On Equal Terms was opened in January 2013. The centre is a place where both au pairs and host families can find information and advice, and the primary aim is to strengthen legal protection of au...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Cases of women being offered jobs abroad and instead ending up as slaves (including sexual slaves) have been in the increase in Kenya. The countries into which women are mostly trafficked to the Middle East. Women are often lured into these countries with the promises of well-paying jobs and a better quality of life. However, they are often subjected to difficult working conditions (often, not the types of jobs that they were promised), lack of freedom (their passports and other identification documents are often confiscated); lack of adequate pay for the work that they are expected to do. As a result of these problems, the Kenyan Government, in June 2012,...more
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"However, in these circumstances, we find discrimination against women regarding the right to free choice of profession and employment, since in the countries of destination; migrants are employed to ENES works (avoided by the national workers, except the very poor). Migrant women are given the most vulnerable jobs. They get '3D jobs' - dirty, dangerous, degrading, in miserable, dangerous, degrading conditions. Many women migrant workers, particularly those in the domestic sector and leisure, are subject to various forms of abuse, such as non-observance of the terms of employment, sub-standard working and living conditions, restricted freedom of movement, physical, sexual or psychological abuse. Men enjoy better employment opportunities, from unskilled to...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) The fact that these measures have proved insufficient to ensure respect for the human rights of women migrant domestic workers, as evidenced by their exposure to economic and physical abuse and exploitation and the persistence of practices such as the confiscation of passports by employers and the apparent persistence of the de facto kafalah system, which further increase their risk of exploitation and make it difficult for them to change employers, even in cases of abuse; (b) The limited protection provided by Ministerial Decree No. 1/2011 concerning the issuance of regulations on the recruitment of non-Omani workers, the exclusion of domestic workers from...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee...is concerned, however, about: (a) The continued labour exploitation faced by women migrant workers, in particular those in irregular situations working in the agricultural sector or as domestic workers, as well as women who are victims of sexual exploitation on agricultural farms; (b) The systematic failure of employers to comply with rules on occupational safety and minimum living conditions, and the lack of effective labour inspections; (c) The absence of clear and effective procedures enabling women migrant workers to complain about abusive working conditions, including in relation to outstanding pay; (d) Difficulties for women migrant workers in gaining access to basic social services, in particular those provided by local...more