The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-2

Aug. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

“Once they [domestic workers] arrive in Oman, new employers often seize their passports so that they cannot depart when they want, ultimately, denying them their freedom of movement. They are made subject to excessive working hours, sleep deprivation and starvation. Many suffer from verbal or sexual abuse. All too often, the money they work so hard for is denied to them. According to a report by Human Rights Watch, a great number of female migrant domestic workers fall prey to such abusive employment, and become Oman’s modern-day slaves” (para 2-4). “The country’s visa sponsorship system, known as kafala, … make migrant workers highly vulnerable to exploitation. The kafala creates an ...more
June 13, 2017, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"This week, the Mission For Migrant Workers (MFMW) charity released findings from a survey of more than 3,000 domestic helpers in Hong Kong, which found that 43% of those surveyed are not provided with their own bedroom - with some reporting that they are forced to sleep in areas such as toilets, storage rooms or on the roof. This practice is against Hong Kong government guidelines which say that domestic helpers should be provided with ‘suitable accommodation and with reasonable privacy.’ Another study by Students Against Fees and Exploitation (SAFE) at the University of Hong Kong found that more than 70% of domestic helper recruitment agencies in Hong Kong are ...more
May 1, 2017, 3:07 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Foreign Manpower Management Division assisted female domestic workers and operated a hotline to receive complaints" (32). "Under the penal code, any employer of a female domestic worker or a member of the employer’s family, if convicted of certain offenses against the worker such as causing hurt or insulting the modesty of the worker, is liable to a penalty that is one and one-half times the usual penalty. Nevertheless, there were regular reports of employers arrested for abuse or mistreatment of such workers" (33).
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Instability in the country and lack of government oversight made human trafficking a profitable enterprise. Conditions on boats departing for Europe were poor, and human smugglers abandoned many migrants in international waters with insufficient food and water. Migrants reported some human smugglers were Libyan nationals, but officials did little to curb the departures or hold smugglers accountable for crimes against migrants" (20).
March 16, 2017, 1:47 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"We were keenly aware of how violence against women is subsumed in the generic crimes of this humanitarian crisis, and we were also aware of the invisibility of female refugees in the media" (para 2). "In 2014, investigators uncovered a vast corruption scheme at Mineo. Organized crime groups had infiltrated the camp’s administration, and authorities arrested a local mafia leader. When I asked the director about reported occurrences of trafficking in the camps, he said that in the past there had been several cases that may have involved people from the camp but that camp management worked with police to prevent future incidents. Near the camp, however, is a blatant ...more
Feb. 23, 2017, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Women in domestic service and the industrial manufacturing sector for export industry, particularly in the export processing zones, faced exploitation, mistreatment, verbal abuse, threats, sexual harassment, and generally poor work conditions" (30).
Feb. 1, 2017, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Among them are two sisters, Prabhati and Shashi Das. They have come from a village at the end of a road, a place so conservative that the single time they went to a movie theater, their male cousins and uncles created a human chain around them, their big hands linked, to protect them from any contact with outside men. They are, as far as they know, the first unmarried women who have ever migrated from the village to work. Neighbors in the village are waiting to see what happens. The nasty ones say, with obvious relish, it will end badly. They whisper about migrant workers whose eyes were removed by ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 4 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Almost one quarter (23%) of Thai citizens living close to the Myanmar border reported that they had seen a situation where a local employer had migrant children under 18 years of age working in dangerous conditions. Nearly one in ten Thais living near the Laos or Cambodia border reported the same (9% and 9% respectively). Among all Thai citizens who had witnessed children or youth working in dangerous conditions for a local employer, just 10% had reported it or spoken to someone who might assist the child or youth. In the Thai communities bordering Myanmar and Cambodia, approximately one fifth of Thai citizens surveyed knew of an employer forcing migrants ...more
Jan. 26, 2017, 4 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In all four countries, more than 40% of the participants mentioned at least one negative experience during their migration for work, with children and youth from Laos (70%) reporting the most. Negative experiences included excessive hours of work, debt, withholding wages, assault and dangerous conditions. Dangerous work (frequently construction work) was the most commonly reported negative experience among children and young people in all four countries (Cambodia 38%; Laos 57%; Myanmar 30%; and Vietnam 28%). Engaging in dangerous work was also reported by migrant mothers from all four countries (Cambodia 37%; Laos 50%; Myanmar 52%; and Vietnam 16%). Dangerous work, notably in construction, was the most commonly reported negative experience ...more
Jan. 25, 2017, 9:40 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

" More than 130,000 women have left their home countries to work in Oman as migrant domestic workers, cooking, cleaning and caring for children while living in their employers’ homes. But behind closed doors, many of these women are beaten, starved, and forced to work up to 21 hours in a day" (para 1). "Does Oman also operate a kafala system like other Gulf states? Yes. This ties migrant workers’ visas to their employer, who is their sponsor. Workers cannot change jobs or employers without the permission of their sponsor. If a worker is threatened, beaten or even starved and flees her employer, she can be charged with 'absconding' for ...more
Jan. 20, 2017, 3:20 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Employers subjected men, women, and children to forced domestic, agricultural, mining, sales, and restaurant labor, as well as sexual exploitation" (28).
Jan. 10, 2017, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to increase sanctions for trafficking offences through the Child Rights and Sexual Offences Acts. However, it notes with concern that the State party remains a source, transit and destination country for women and children trafficked for purposes of sexual exploitation and forced labour. It is also concerned about the reported high incidence of internal trafficking of women and girls from rural areas" (7)
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

“Legal and societal discrimination against persons of Palestinian origin remained widespread. The government restricted labor rights and local and international human rights organizations reported frequent abuse of foreign domestic workers” (1). “The governors may prolong detentions; some migrants were administratively detained for several months without charges. Governors used this provision widely, including to incarcerate women allegedly to protect them from becoming potential victims of honor crimes, although the detainees posed no threat to public safety” (8). “On December 16, UNHCR and Human Rights Watch reported that the government rounded up more than 800 Sudanese nationals in front of UNHCR offices in Amman. As many as 80 percent of this group ...more
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

“Employers exploited foreign nationals in agriculture, construction, prostitution, and domestic service. The low number of investigations into forced or compulsory labor, particularly involving human trafficking for sexual exploitation, was insufficient to deter violations” (49).
Jan. 3, 2017, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

“Cases of forced labor were also reported in the garment industry in the city of Sao Paulo; the victims were often from neighboring countries, particularly Bolivia, Peru, and Paraguay, while others came from Haiti and China” (24). “Sub-standard working conditions of Bolivian immigrants in the garment industry continued, principally in the city of Sao Paulo. Immigrants from Paraguay, Peru, China, and South Korea were also reported to be working in forced labor situations in the garment industry” (27).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

“Lengthy delays in the judicial system and inadequate government programs for integrating migrants were the most significant human rights problem. Other problems included violence against women, child abuse, trafficking in persons, societal racial discrimination, forced labor, and substandard work conditions for irregular migrants. The government took steps to investigate, prosecute, and punish officials who committed abuses, whether in security services or elsewhere in the government” (1). “Authorities reported that undocumented migrants and asylum-seekers spent an average of two months in detention. As of September, two persons were in closed centers. Usually within less than two weeks after their detention, authorities moved “vulnerable individuals,” such as children, pregnant women, elderly persons, ...more
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

“Migrants and refugees lived in often inadequate or substandard shelters for extended periods and were vulnerable to forced labor and other abuses; unaccompanied minors were particularly at risk” (1). “Forced labor occurred during the year. Workers were subjected to debt bondage in construction, domestic service, hotels, restaurants, and agriculture, especially in the south. Chinese men and women were forced to work in textile factories, and persons with disabilities from Romania and Albania were coerced into begging” (20). “On June 5, police arrested seven recruiters of migrant day laborers in Reggio Calabria on charges of labor exploitation and employment of irregular workers. The laborers had been subjected to humiliating treatment and ...more
Dec. 12, 2016, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Boys and girls were subjected to forced begging and involuntary domestic servitude in forced marriages. In the case of Romani children, family members or organized criminal groups were responsible for both subjecting girls and boys to forced begging and domestic servitude in forced marriages" (29).
Nov. 21, 2016, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Forced labor of both Belizean and foreign women occurred in bars and nightclubs. Migrant men and women were at risk for forced labor in agriculture, fishing, and in the service sector, including restaurants and shops, particularly among the South Asian and Chinese communities" (20).
Nov. 17, 2016, 4:20 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Of vital importance were the following resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers . . . on additional measures to implement in 2012 and 2013 the Convention concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour and the Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, both of which were ratified by the Republic of Uzbekistan (2012)" (2-3). "all territorial administrations and the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection have “hotlines” on which one can obtain free legal advice for protection of the rights and interests of persons who have been subjected to forced or slave labour (there were more than 420 such calls over nine ...more
Nov. 7, 2016, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports of domestic violence against women and children. Despite government efforts at reform, the rights of foreign workers, particularly domestic workers, continued to be restricted, leaving them vulnerable to labor abuses and human trafficking" (2). "The labor law covers foreign workers, except domestic workers, but enforcement was lax, and cases of debt bondage were common. There were also reports forced labor practices occurred among domestic workers and others working in the informal sector; labor laws did not protect most of these workers. In 2012 the government amended the labor law to provide domestic workers the right to see their terms of employment" (38). "In many cases employers withheld ...more
Sept. 27, 2016, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

“The sun has not yet risen when they arrive at the hostel that will be their new home for the next six months: 137 women in 15 unfurnished rooms … Prabhati and Shashi’s room is being painted, so on the first night 25 of them crowd into two rooms, so tight that one of their roommates stretches out on the kitchen counter. ‘I thought there would be beds,’ murmurs one, and the chaperone from Gram Tarang looks exasperated. ‘They complain, “You could have given us this, you could have given us that,”’ he says. ‘We sweetly explain that it is not possible. They don’t have the bed system in Bangalore’” ...more
Aug. 31, 2016, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In several countries in the Middle East and North Africa region, there have been numerous reports of abuse and exploitation committed by employers against female migrant domestic workers. A new IOM project will provide direct assistance to 150 exploited and highly vulnerable migrant workers in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Syria, with a special focus on female domestic workers. Support services will include the provision of targeted direct assistance such as immediate humanitarian aid, psychosocial assistance, legal aid, and voluntary return and reintegration assistance. The project will also undertake awareness raising at the governmental, community and diaspora level to ensure that the rights of migrants are better protected. ...more
Aug. 31, 2016, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In several countries in the Middle East and North Africa region, there have been numerous reports of abuse and exploitation committed by employers against female migrant domestic workers. A new IOM project will provide direct assistance to 150 exploited and highly vulnerable migrant workers in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Syria, with a special focus on female domestic workers. Support services will include the provision of targeted direct assistance such as immediate humanitarian aid, psychosocial assistance, legal aid, and voluntary return and reintegration assistance. The project will also undertake awareness raising at the governmental, community and diaspora level to ensure that the rights of migrants are better protected. ...more
Aug. 31, 2016, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In several countries in the Middle East and North Africa region, there have been numerous reports of abuse and exploitation committed by employers against female migrant domestic workers. A new IOM project will provide direct assistance to 150 exploited and highly vulnerable migrant workers in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Syria, with a special focus on female domestic workers. Support services will include the provision of targeted direct assistance such as immediate humanitarian aid, psychosocial assistance, legal aid, and voluntary return and reintegration assistance. The project will also undertake awareness raising at the governmental, community and diaspora level to ensure that the rights of migrants are better protected. ...more
Aug. 31, 2016, 8:23 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In several countries in the Middle East and North Africa region, there have been numerous reports of abuse and exploitation committed by employers against female migrant domestic workers. A new IOM project will provide direct assistance to 150 exploited and highly vulnerable migrant workers in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Syria, with a special focus on female domestic workers. Support services will include the provision of targeted direct assistance such as immediate humanitarian aid, psychosocial assistance, legal aid, and voluntary return and reintegration assistance. The project will also undertake awareness raising at the governmental, community and diaspora level to ensure that the rights of migrants are better protected. ...more
Aug. 31, 2016, 8:22 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In several countries in the Middle East and North Africa region, there have been numerous reports of abuse and exploitation committed by employers against female migrant domestic workers. A new IOM project will provide direct assistance to 150 exploited and highly vulnerable migrant workers in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Syria, with a special focus on female domestic workers. Support services will include the provision of targeted direct assistance such as immediate humanitarian aid, psychosocial assistance, legal aid, and voluntary return and reintegration assistance. The project will also undertake awareness raising at the governmental, community and diaspora level to ensure that the rights of migrants are better protected. ...more
Aug. 31, 2016, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In several countries in the Middle East and North Africa region, there have been numerous reports of abuse and exploitation committed by employers against female migrant domestic workers. A new IOM project will provide direct assistance to 150 exploited and highly vulnerable migrant workers in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, and Syria, with a special focus on female domestic workers. Support services will include the provision of targeted direct assistance such as immediate humanitarian aid, psychosocial assistance, legal aid, and voluntary return and reintegration assistance. The project will also undertake awareness raising at the governmental, community and diaspora level to ensure that the rights of migrants are better protected. ...more
July 27, 2016, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Across the country, some 400,000 women, mostly immigrants, work in agriculture, toiling in fields, nurseries and packing plants. Such work is backbreaking and low-paying. But for many of these women, it is also a nightmare of sexual violence. In a 2010 study from the University of California, Santa Cruz, more than 60 percent of the 150 female farmworkers interviewed said they had experienced some form of sexual harassment. In a 2012 report, Human Rights Watch surveyed 52 female farmworkers; nearly all of them had experienced sexual violence, or knew others who had. One woman told investigators that her workplace was called the 'field de calzón,' or 'field of panties.' As ...more
July 20, 2016, 12:30 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In a similar vein, under its Migrant Workers Act of 1995, the Philippines established a fund to enable migrant workers to access legal services in cases of violations or disputes, including with employers" (106).