The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-2

March 6, 2021, 9:44 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Many low-paid migrant domestic workers are at acute risk of labor abuses, forced labor, and human trafficking because of the kafala (visa sponsorship) system in the UAE, which ties migrant workers’ visas to their employers" (para 16).
Feb. 13, 2021, 10:58 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

“J. and Others v. Austria (no. 58216/12) (17 January 2017): This case concerned the Austrian authorities’ investigation into an allegation of human trafficking. The applicants, two Filipino nationals, who had gone to work as maids or au pairs [in] the United Arab Emirates, alleged that their employers had taken their passports away from them and exploited them. They claimed that this treatment had continued during a short stay in Vienna where their employers had taken them and where they had eventually managed to escape. Following a criminal complaint filed by the applicants against their employers in Austria, the authorities found that they did not have jurisdiction over the alleged offences...more
Feb. 13, 2021, 7:40 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

“J. and Others v. Austria (no. 58216/12) (17 January 2017): This case concerned the Austrian authorities’ investigation into an allegation of human trafficking. The applicants, two Filipino nationals, who had gone to work as maids or au pairs [in] the United Arab Emirates, alleged that their employers had taken their passports away from them and exploited them. They claimed that this treatment had continued during a short stay in Vienna where their employers had taken them and where they had eventually managed to escape. Following a criminal complaint filed by the applicants against their employers in Austria, the authorities found that they did not have jurisdiction over the alleged offences...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"CALD women experience higher levels of violence than the general population. CALD women are more likely to experience abuse by extended family members, abuse related to their immigration status, dowry demands and forced marriage. The family violence provisions in the Migration Regulations only protect some women from deportation if they leave a violent relationship. Women on certain temporary visas, including temporary work visas, business or student visas cannot access the family violence provisions and are thus subject to deportation if they leave a violent relationship. It is estimated that without intervention, the cost of violence perpetrated against immigrant and refugee women will reach $4 billion in 2021-22" (23). CALD stands...more
Jan. 18, 2021, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Migrant domestic workers, predominantly women, faced a range of abuses including overwork, forced confinement, non-payment of wages, food deprivation, and psychological, physical, and sexual abuse for which there was little redress" (para 29).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

“‘They were tricked into going to Mali by giving them the impression they were going to get jobs in hotels, for example,’ Okah-Donli told Al Jazeera. ‘Some were actually abducted while going to school.’ ‘There are over one million Nigerian residents in Mali, out of which about 20,000 are trapped into forced prostitution. The conditions are horrible. They are kept in the thick of the forest where they cannot escape and with the ‘madames’ watching over them’” (para 4-6).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

“‘They were tricked into going to Mali by giving them the impression they were going to get jobs in hotels, for example,’ Okah-Donli told Al Jazeera. ‘Some were actually abducted while going to school.’ ‘There are over one million Nigerian residents in Mali, out of which about 20,000 are trapped into forced prostitution. The conditions are horrible. They are kept in the thick of the forest where they cannot escape and with the ‘madames’ watching over them’” (para 4-6).
Aug. 9, 2020, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign migrant workers are subject to labor rights abuses and exploitation through debts owed to recruitment agents, non-payment of wages, restrictions on movement, confiscation of passports, and sometimes physical and sexual abuse. Foreign women employed as domestic workers are particularly vulnerable to abuse. Work permits of migrant workers in Singapore are tied to a particular employer, leaving them vulnerable to exploitation. Foreign domestic workers, who are covered by the Employment of Foreign Manpower Act rather than the Employment Act, are effectively excluded from many key labor protections, such as limits on daily work hours and mandatory days off. Labor laws also discriminate against foreign workers by barring them from organizing...more
Aug. 7, 2020, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Abuses included non-payment of wages, unsafe working conditions, long hours, document confiscation, and physical, verbal and sexual abuse" (para 16).
Aug. 2, 2020, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The UAE's labor law excluded from its protections domestic workers, who faced a range of abuses, including unpaid wages, house confinement, workdays up to 21 hours, and physical and sexual assault by employers" (para 15).
Aug. 2, 2020, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, CWC-DATA-4

"Migrant domestic workers, predominantly women, faced a range of abuses including overwork, forced confinement, non-payment of wages, food deprivation, and psychological, physical, and sexual abuse for which there was little redress" (para 29).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: TRAFF-PRACTICE-2, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Women from Asia and neighboring African countries were recruited for legitimate work in South Africa, where some were subjected to domestic servitude or forced labor in the service sector" (36).
May 15, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"There is a lack of systematically organized rehabilitation and reintegration measures, including access to counselling, medical treatment, psychological support and redress, including compensation, for victims of trafficking, in particular for migrant women, who are not entitled to obtain a temporary residence permit unless they cooperate with the police and judicial authorities" (10).
March 4, 2020, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Mauritania . . . the place where [slavery] is arguably more common, more readily accepted and more intractable than anywhere else on Earth" (para 7). This article uses the term slavery to describe labor and domestic servants (MM-CODER COMMENT) "In Mauritania, the shackles of slavery are mental as well as physical" (para 20) "Moulkheir was born a slave in the northern deserts of Mauritania . . . She never was paid for her work. 'I was like an animal living with animals,' she said" (para 22). "Slave masters in Mauritania exercise full ownership over their slaves. They can send them away at will, and it’s common for a master to...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign domestic workers, usually women, often suffered from mistreatment, abuse, and in some cases rape or conditions akin to slavery" (28).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In past years, multiple NGOs reported that criminal smuggling groups built a large number of 'camps' near the Yemen-Saudi border city of Haradh, where militants held migrants for extortion and ransom" (21). "Foreign migrant workers, youth, and female workers typically faced the most exploitative working conditions" (37).
Oct. 22, 2019, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Some domestic workers were believed to work under forced conditions or without pay. Women refugees were especially prone to labor violations." (pg 49).
Sept. 19, 2019, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The woman are then subjected to domestic labour in the mornings and evenings, agricultural and other forms of manual labour during the days, and sexual intercourse with their husband and, on occasion, his male relatives, at night." (para 19).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The labor law and the law against trafficking provide penalties for abuse of such workers" implies prevelence of trafficking of migrant workers (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "During the year hundreds of domestic workers, the majority of whom were female, sought shelter at their embassies, some fleeing sexual abuse or other violence by their employers. Some embassies maintained safe houses for citizens fleeing situations that amounted to bondage. The workers usually sought legal help from embassies and government agencies to obtain end-of-service benefits and exit visas" (54).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned that the State party continues to be a destination and transit country for trafficking in women and girls for purposes of sexual and labour exploitation" (6). "There are ongoing allegations that many women who are migrant domestic workers continue to be exploited and abused by their employers through actions that include non payment of salary, deprivation of food and adequate rest, confiscation of personal items, such as mobile phones and passports, restrictions on freedom of movement and refusal to pay medical expenses, as well as sexual, physical, verbal and psychological abuse" (9).
July 12, 2019, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The second Labour Migration Policy for Cambodia 2015–2018 sets out a framework for effective governance of labour migration, empowerment and protection of the rights of female and male migrant workers, and enhancement of the impact of migration on development. The MoLVT is developing guidelines for the identification and referrals of victims of human trafficking, and has established a Labour Migration Information System (LMIS) with support from partner organizations to collect sex and sector-disaggregated data on the number of Cambodian workers that migrate through regular channels" (17-18). "In 2016, Cambodian embassies in five destination countries intervened in 223 migrant worker cases and arranged for their safe return home to Cambodia. In...more
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned about...The disproportionately high number of migrant women working in “champagne clubs”." (para 23).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Saudi women and migrant domestic workers who report abuse, including rape, sometimes face counter-accusations, leaving them open to criminal prosecution, according to a Human Rights Watch report" (24).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs reported refugees from Syria and foreign migrant workers, including garment workers and domestic workers, were especially vulnerable to gender-based violence, including sexual harassment and sexual assault, in the workplace" (31). "In 2015 the prosecutor general charged a Jordanian woman in Irbid with premeditated murder after she allegedly beat an Indonesian domestic worker in her employ to death. The forensic report showed that the worker died due to brain hemorrhage. The case was pending at year’s end" (45). "During the year dozens of domestic workers from the Philippines, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka sought shelter at their countries’ embassies in Amman. Through June the government-run shelter for victims of trafficking assisted...more
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"UNDOK, a trade union organisation which provides support to undocumented workers, was founded at the end of 2013. The goal of the organisation is to close the existing gap in the support system for victims of labour exploitation. It serves as an interface between relevant consultation centres in the field of asylum and migration law, organisations specialised in the protection of victims of human trafficking, migrant organisations and workers’ organisations" (37).
May 15, 2019, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Officials reported particular difficulties in verifying working conditions and salaries in the informal fishing, agricultural, construction, and domestic sectors. Penalties prescribed under law for forced labor were stringent, including imprisonment and fines. Although the government made efforts to highlight the problem of forced labor domestically, the extent to which these efforts were effective remained unclear" (33-34). "Children from impoverished families were at risk because affluent households used humanitarian pretenses to hire children as domestic workers, only to abuse and exploit them (see section 7.c.). Children were also subjected to forced begging. In September the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training’s director of child labor acknowledged the ministry lacked resources to...more
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs alleged that employers subjected men and women to forced labor in construction, restaurant work, waste management, commercial fishing, car washes, and agriculture, as well as in private homes as domestic servants" (16).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign agricultural workers, construction workers, and nursing care workers--particularly women--were among the most vulnerable to conditions of forced labor, including in particular nonpayment or withholding of wages. In December 2016 the government passed a resolution to issue permits directly to Palestinian workers rather than Israeli employers in the construction industry" (48).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Reports of various exploitation schemes targeting North Korean refugees, such as forced marriages, forced labor, and prostitution, were common" (page 43). "Migrant female workers were particularly vulnerable to sexual violence" (page 51).
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Migrant workers were particularly vulnerable to exploitation, worked in unacceptable conditions, and were frequently forced to accept low wages to repay their debts with employment agencies" (33).