The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LDS-PRACTICE-2

Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Trade unionists reported cases of forced labor during the year among migrant workers involving passport confiscation, underpayment of wages, substandard living conditions, lack of clearly defined work titles, denial of meal allowances, and deportation. . . Additionally, Malagasy women reportedly transited the country while traveling to other countries, where employers subjected them to forced labor conditions" (para 84).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The fact that women migrant workers remain vulnerable to abuse, sexual harassment and forced labour" (pg. 10). "Legal gaps in Act No. 68 of 2015 regarding the effective protection of domestic workers from abuse, exploitation and violence, including: the lack of labour inspection mechanisms; weak penalties imposed on labour recruitment firms for abusive practices; the tying of the immigration status of the domestic workers to one employer or sponsor, and the requirement for the Ministry of the Interior to deport an “absconding” worker; the absence of sanctions applied to employers for withholding the passports of domestic workers or failing to provide adequate housing, food, medical expenses, daily breaks or weekly...more
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Diane is a 30-year-old woman from Burkina Faso who was kept for two years as a domestic slave in the Paris apartment of an affluent family from West Africa, after having been trafficked from her home country to France. She was not free to go out of the flat, except to take the family’s children to school, and was only given leftovers to eat. She was insulted and threatened on a regular basis. After two years of this treatment Diane eventually drew up the courage to escape from the house while running an errand for her employers. A few days later she came into contact with CCEM, an NGO in...more
Jan. 23, 2019, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Jonalyn left her home in the Philippines and traveled to the Middle East to work as a domestic worker for a family in Lebanon. For nearly a year, Jonalyn suffered severe psychological and physical torture at the hands of her employers. She was imprisoned in solitary confinement for 10 days and was threatened constantly with death. She endured both physical and sexual abuse. Her employer poured chlorine-based detergent over Jonalyn’s body and open wounds, and subjected her to electric shocks using a stun-gun. Jonalyn eventually came into contact with the Caritas Lebanon Migrant Center (CLMC), an organisation that runs a safe house for migrant workers who have suffered abuse by...more
Jan. 11, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Government had filed an appeal before the Riyad Court in Saudi Arabia, on behalf of the Sri Lankan female domestic worker, who was recently sentenced to be stoned to death after being found guilty of having a clandestine affair, Foreign Employment Ministry said" (para 1).
Jan. 11, 2019, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-LAW-1

"Recently, Minister Athukorala told media that the Foreign Employment Act would be amended soon to add several requirements to facilitate migrant workers, especially for those who work in the Mid-Eastern countries" (para 7).
Jan. 7, 2019, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In the absence of identity documents, children born in Malaysia to irregular and migrant workers have no access to public education, affordable healthcare and other welfare services and are particularly prone to become victims of trafficking for sale and sexual exploitation, child forced labour, including forced begging" (para 7).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Migrants from China, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Nigeria, and Guinea may receive low wages and work without contracts, creating vulnerabilities to forced labor... There were incidents of child labor in domestic service and in family agricultural efforts, often working long hours in dangerous conditions, and at times experiencing physical and sexual abuse, indicators of forced labor" (15).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:49 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

Case studies reveal trafficking for forced labor and forced marriage. Kachin women were captured in Burma and in China and trafficked to other provinces of China. When victims were able to call police, they were imprisoned for a few months before being sent to trafficking shelters, government offices, and/or given border passes to return home (page 34-36).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Forced labor occurred in agriculture, street vending, domestic service, the transit of drugs and other illicit items, and other criminal activity. Victims were primarily impoverished men, women, and children in both rural and urban areas (also see section 7.c.)" (para 154)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Foreign migrant workers, particularly construction workers, security guards, cleaners, handymen, and domestic workers, were subjected to forced labor, confiscation of travel and identity documents, restrictions on movement and communications, physical abuse, sexual harassment and rape, withholding of wages, and forced overtime. There were cases of employers withholding travel documents, stopping payment on contracts, and preventing foreign employees from leaving the work site" (para 295)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The National Committee for Human Rights has worked to establish the unit to receive complaints, including women’s complaints in general and the complaints of domestic workers who are subjected to violence. The unit sees to it that justice is done for women and ensures the rehabilitation of women, including foreign workers" (Pg 14). "The Sultanate’s initial national report stated that Oman is largely free of human trafficking and the exploitation of women in prostitution. The Sultanate is continuing efforts to counter such problems, which appear from time to time due to illegal immigration. It strengthened procedures for granting work or visit permits to preclude the importation of women for trafficking...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Domestic workers, especially migrant female domestic workers, were sometimes trapped in forced servitude, in which employers used threats, intimidation, and in some cases sexual violence to prevent them from leaving" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"However, the Committee expresses concern at the continuing precarious situation of domestic workers, in particular migrant women, the lack of implementation of the legal framework and the insufficient monitoring of their working conditions" (7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"...it was detected that the fact that a person lacks documents considered appropriate by the judicial authorities, is a major obstacle for migrant persons to be able to gain access to legal mechanisms to protect their basic fundamental rights. This problem is all the more serious when it involves issues as sensitive as domestic violence and alimony, where women are the main victims" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports employers raped or sexually assaulted foreign domestic workers" (21). "Some employers subjected domestic workers to physical, sexual, and emotional abuse; in a few cases, such abuse led to death. Local newspapers reported on court cases involving violence committed against maids and other domestic workers. For example, in July the Abu Dhabi criminal court convicted a husband and wife of enslaving and killing their maid" (30).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Women employed as domestic workers were particularly vulnerable to forced labor" (24). "In September a woman was awarded nearly 184,000 pounds ($276,000) compensation in one of the UK’s first claims of caste discrimination. Permila Tirkey was recruited from India, based on her low caste in Hindu society, and kept in domestic servitude by her employers in Milton Keynes. Tirkey alleged that her employers forced her to work 18 hours per day, seven days a week for 11 pence ($0.17) per hour. The Legal Aid Agency initially refused to fund her representation for 17 months on the grounds that her case was not of 'sufficient importance or seriousness' and that it...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes that internal and cross-border migration has rapidly increased in recent years. In that context, the Committee is concerned: (a) That internal migrant workers, including women and girls, face barriers in gaining access to basic social services guaranteed to all Vietnamese citizens; (b) That migrant women and girls, especially women domestic workers, are at a high risk of sexual and labour exploitation; (c) That women and girls migrating abroad are often victimized by fraudulent recruitment agencies and brokers for international marriage; (d) That migrant women who are victims of exploitation and violence face barriers in filing complaints and gaining access to justice" (9).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Another UN-funded report on social protection for women and girls noted that female migrants working in nonofficial sectors had difficulties accessing standard housing. These women resided in temporary accommodations that were unsafe and lacked basic services" (41).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"There were reports of isolated cases of forced labor involving children and women, primarily in domestic and agricultural labor. Migrant women and girls were subjected to domestic servitude and forced labor in the services sector" (49).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In some cases sponsors sexually harassed and mistreated foreign domestic servants. In a 2014 report, the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women expressed 'deep concern' at the 'high prevalence of domestic and sexual violence against women and girls, including women migrant domestic workers.' Most domestic servants did not press charges due to fear of losing their jobs. In 2014 the QFPSR reported 28 cases of sexual harassment. When the domestic employees brought harassment to the attention of authorities, the employees were occasionally deported, and the government did not file charges against the employer" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"In an attempt to protect women from trafficking and abuse, the government maintained a minimum age for women traveling overseas for domestic employment, although the government lowered the minimum age from 30 to 24 in April. NGOs viewed the age ban as discriminatory. In May 2014 the government also suspended the issuance of exit permits for all domestic workers, the vast majority of whom were women, but it was in the process of lifting this suspension as of late September. Although reliable data was not available, local migrant worker rights organizations asserted that these two restrictions did not prevent trafficking or abuse but forced women to seek irregular channels to...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Women and girls from rural areas, as well as migrant workers from bordering countries, were lured to cities with promises of employment or education and continued to be exploited in domestic servitude and sex trafficking" (23).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Employers often abused and raped young rural girls working as housekeepers in the capital. If they left their work, employers typically did not pay them, so many remained rather than return empty-handed to their families and villages" (21).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"Female domestic workers were particularly vulnerable to sexual abuse" (33). "Domestic workers were at particular risk of discrimination or abuse due to the isolated home environment in which they worked" (34). "Some domestic workers did not have the ability to remove themselves from an unhealthy or unsafe situation without endangering their employment. There were reports of domestic workers’ committing or attempting to commit suicide due to desperation over abuse, including sexual violence, or poor working conditions. Several embassies with large domestic worker populations in the country have met with varying degrees of success in pressing the government to prosecute serious cases of domestic worker abuse. One embassy stated that it...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:17 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs expressed continued concern over...the lack of a mechanism to provide safe living quarters for migrant women experiencing domestic violence" (12).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee . . . is concerned, however, at the widespread exploitation and abuse of Filipina migrant workers working abroad, in particular as domestic workers, and the insufficient support provided to reintegrate those who return" (page 11). "The Committee is concerned: (a) That Muslim women, indigenous women, women with disabilities, women migrant workers working and returning from abroad, internally displaced persons and lesbian, bisexual and transgender women face a heightened risk of violence, exploitation and abuse, as well as discrimination in political and public life, marriage and family relations, employment, education, access to justice and health care" (page 13).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee notes the establishment of institutional committees in the Ministry of the Interior and the National Women’s Institute to tackle trafficking in persons and the development of a national plan of action in that regard, in addition to guidelines on protecting and assisting victims of trafficking. The Committee is concerned, however, about: (a) The State party being both a transit and a destination country for trafficking in persons, especially women and girls; (b) The lack of information on the measures taken to identify, prevent and bring prosecutions in cases of trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitation and on the number of prosecutions and convictions in cases of trafficking"...more
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-LAW-1, GEW-LAW-1

"As of 2008, in Act No. 18250 on migration, the crimes of human trafficking and migrant smuggling of migrants were for the first time classified using the definitions established by the United Nations’ Palermo Protocol. Article 80 of the Act extends to complainants, victims, relatives and witnesses in cases of human trafficking the provisions established on the participation of victims in judicial proceedings and the compensation provided for by Act No. 18026 on war crimes and crimes against humanity" (page 20).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: TRAFF-DATA-1, LDS-PRACTICE-1, LDS-PRACTICE-2, LDS-DATA-1

"[The Committee] is, however, concerned at: (a) The persistence of trafficking in and sexual exploitation of women and girls in the country, and reports of trafficking in girls for domestic work and sexual exploitation" (page 8).