The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-DATA-3

Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3

"Fifty-four percent of women age 15-49 own a house and 48% own land alone or jointly with someone else. Similarly, 56% of men own a house and 49% own land alone or jointly" (241). "In Myanmar, there are no differences between women and men with respect to ownership of a house or land. More than half of women (54%) and men (56%) age 15-49 own a house alone or jointly with someone else, and almost half of women (48%) and men (49%) own land alone or jointly. However, men are more likely than women to own both a house and land alone" (243).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-DATA-3, IAW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and women enjoyed the same legal status and rights as men under family, labor, property, and inheritance law. The law recognizes joint property in marriages"(17)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 8, in 2011, in Ghana, 64% of agricultural land was owned by the individual male, 29% by the individual female, 3% by the principal couple, 0% by all household members, and 4% by another regime (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 8,in 2011 in Karnataka, 70% of agricultural land was owned by the indivual male, 14% was owned by the individual female, 2% was owned by the principal couple, 0% was owned by all household members, and 13% was owned by another regime (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 8, in 2011, in Ecuador, 25% of land was owned by the individual male, 30% by the individual female, 36% by the principal couple, 1% by all household members, and 8% by another regime (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Botswana
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012 about 34% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 28% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 26% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 7% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 30% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 13% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, United Kingdom
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 18% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 17% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 11% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Congo, Indonesia, Vietnam
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 8% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 23% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 6, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-DATA-3

According to Figure 7, in 2012, about 12% of land was owned by women (ENB-Coder Comment)
Dec. 5, 2017, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-DATA-3, GP-DATA-3, NGOFW-DATA-3

"In Nepal, the Hills Leasehold Forestry and Forest Development Project, now completed, took an innovative approach to ensure women’s participation. User rights to forest land were leased to landless men and women. Households allocated land were responsible for rehabilitating the land and entitled to forest produce for 40 years. Recruitment of women group promoters was given special emphasis to mobilize women’s groups for participation in leasehold groups. Training on gender, leadership, basic literacy, and legal rights were provided to women, boosting their participation in the programs. Women participants saved time in collecting forest resources, and saw their active participation as a source of empowerment (World Bank 2009, p. 160)"(27)more
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, NGOFW-DATA-3

"Agricultural work on the land of female-headed households, which generally suffer from chronic shortage of labor, is supported by Ethiopia’s cash-for-work Productive Safety Net Programme (Holmes and Jones 2010, p. 14)"(58)
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"Women have been denied equal inheritance rights to property in several countries. A study of inheritance laws in six countries in South Asia found that women’s inheritance rights are severely restricted by laws and customs that govern family and social relations. Formal laws sometimes discriminate indirectly, by deferring to customary or religious laws. Discrimination is particularly notable in Pakistan and northwestern India, but these are by no means the only regions of concern"(25)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:32 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-DATA-3

"A 2010 survey by the World Bank and IFPRI and by an earlier study of 304 rural households in the Philippines found that women generally join women self-help groups or women’s groups, whereas men tend to socialize in cooperatives or other producers’ organizations. Godquin and Quisumbing summarized their main conclusions Males are more likely to be members of production groups, while females are more likely to participate in civic groups. This may indicate a division of labour within the household or separate spheres of decision making. Men, who are more heavily involved in agricultural production, are indeed more involved in groups related to income generation whereas women, who tend to ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-DATA-3

"Though the Marriage Law gave women the right to land within the household unit and the Agrarian Reform Law granted men and women equal rights to land in general, in much of rural PRC customary practices prevail. Sons, rather than widows or daughters, continue to be considered the natural heirs of land (OECD 2010, p. 25)"(25)."Further, women’s land rights are seldom reflected in land certificates issued to households. One study showed that only 7% of land certificates were in the name of a woman, while 5% were issued to a man and a woman jointly. The remaining land-use certificates were in the name of the husband, father, or father-in-law (Zongmin ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-DATA-3

"Further, a total of 13,841 female headed households benefited from the distribution of quality seeds and subsidized sale of fertilizers"(56)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:37 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-DATA-5, LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-DATA-3

"In the PRC and in India, women accounted for 21% and 24%, respectively, of all fishers and fish farmers in 2008 (FAO 2012b, p. 108). They account for about 10% of the total aquaculture workforce in Malaysia"(42)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:19 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-DATA-3

"In some Asian countries, the share of women in agriculture has remained stable in recent years at 40%–50% of the total agriculture workforce (30% in India). It has even declined in Malaysia and the Philippines. However, it has increased in the PRC (now at about 48%)"(20)."Even when most contracted work is performed by the wife and other family members, it is not unusual for the contract to be signed by the husband, as head of household. This is seen in sugar contract farming in South Africa, vegetable contract farming in the Indian Punjab, and in some cases in the PRC (FAO, IFAD, and WFP 2011, p. 13; Behrman et al. ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:19 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LO-DATA-3

"In some Asian countries, the share of women in agriculture has remained stable in recent years at 40%–50% of the total agriculture workforce (30% in India). It has even declined in Malaysia and the Philippines"(20)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:19 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-DATA-3

"A recent study in Ecuador found that due to its community property regime and equal inheritance practices, the gender gap in asset ownership is almost absent (Deere and Diaz 2011). Indeed, a comparison between Ecuador on the one hand, and India and Ghana, on the other, where the rule is the separation of property, shows the considerable differences in ownership of agricultural land (Figure 8)"(26)."...only 2% of land parcels in [the Indian state of] Karnataka and 3% in Ghana are reported as being owned by the principal couple. In Karnataka, 13% of the plots are reported as owned jointly by people other than the principal couple. These plots are often ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:19 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LO-DATA-3

"Even when most contracted work is performed by the wife and other family members, it is not unusual for the contract to be signed by the husband, as head of household. This is seen in sugar contract farming in South Africa, vegetable contract farming in the Indian Punjab, and in some cases in the PRC (FAO, IFAD, and WFP 2011, p. 13; Behrman et al. 2011, p. 11; Kumar 2006; Meinzen-Dick 2011b)"(37). It is likely that if men sign the contract, the land title is also in their name (ENB-Coder Comment)
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:19 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LO-DATA-3

"In some Asian countries, the share of women in agriculture has remained stable in recent years at 40%–50% of the total agriculture workforce (30% in India). It has even declined in Malaysia and the Philippines"(20)."An oft-cited example is the work by the international NGO Helen Keller International, launched initially in Bangladesh in the 1980s, and expanded later to Cambodia, Nepal, and the Philippines (Ianotti, Cunningham, and Ruel 2009; Meinzen-Dick et al. 2011b). Working together with local partners, Helen Keller International supports women’s production of nutritious food on family plots, with significant reductions in micronutrient deficiencies (vitamin A, iron, and zinc) in the households concerned. In addition to increasing dietary diversity, ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:19 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-DATA-3

"A study in Kenya found that in the horticulture export industry, women comprised fewer than 10% of contracted farmers"(37)