The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-LAW-1

July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1

"Although property and inheritance laws provide the same legal status and rights for women as for men, family law discriminates against women, and discrimination against and exploitation of women were widespread. Local leaders settled most inheritance disputes in favor of men, according to traditional practice" (page 16).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-1, CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"Women participated in public life and in most professions, including the armed forces, although violence in many regions reduced women’s access to the public sphere. Women and men have equal legal rights in owning or managing land or other property, although cultural and religious norms impeded women’s rights, especially in rural areas. Various sources observed that women constituted a minority of lawyers, university professors, and other professions" (Pg 46).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Secular civil law permits female citizens to own property and other assets, including business properties" (p. 16).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"While women legally have equal access to land, traditional practices made it difficult for women to purchase property in rural areas. Many women had access to land only through their husbands, and the security of their rights depended on maintaining the relationship with their husbands. In addition rural councils--where women often were underrepresented--allocated most land" (page 16).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The constitution prohibits discrimination against citizens based on gender, and gives men and women equal property rights" (p. 24).
July 6, 2019, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"There are no restrictions on women signing contracts, opening bank accounts, or owning property. Women did not experience formal sector economic discrimination in access to employment (see section 7.d.), credit, or managing a business" (Pg 12).
July 3, 2019, 12:27 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"According to the World Bank report, Women, Business, and the Law 2014, women and men have equal ownership rights to property, although women owned significantly less property than men" (Pg 21).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women may own and inherit property and represent themselves in all public and legal matters" (p. 32).
June 26, 2019, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, IAD-LAW-1

"While formal law and sharia provide women the right to own and dispose of property independently, various legal, cultural, and societal barriers often obstructed women from exercising such rights. By law girls and women could inherit only half the amount of property to which their brothers were entitled. A 2010 report from a local women’s organization in Somaliland indicated 75 percent of women did not own livestock, land, or other property. Only 15 to 20 percent received inheritance from male family members" (Pg 35-36).
June 25, 2019, 7:34 a.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"The law provides the same legal status and rights for women and men, including under family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance laws. The law stipulates equal pay for men and women and provides for equal access to credit, pay, owning or managing a business, education, and housing. Despite legal provisions for equal pay, inequities still exist (see section 7.d.)" (Pg 12).
June 25, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law provides for the same legal status and rights for men and women under family, labor, property, and inheritance laws. Although the Employer and Employee Act identifies 'discrimination as any distinction, exclusion or preference, including based on sex,… which has the effect of nullifying or impairing equality of opportunity or treatment in employment or occupation,' the law does not mandate equal remuneration for equal work or prohibit discrimination based on gender" (Pg 20). "All women in the Western (Freetown) Area, which is governed by general law, have a statutory right to own property in their own names, but many women in the provinces, which are governed by customary laws...more
June 24, 2019, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"Women generally have the same legal status and rights as men under family law, property law, employment/labor law, and inheritance laws. The law requires equal pay for equal work or work of equal value. Women experienced discrimination in such areas as employment, credit, pay, owning or managing businesses, education, and housing" (Pg 19-20).
June 22, 2019, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Although women routinely executed contracts and entered into a variety of transactions in their own names, banks often refused personal loans to married women without a male guarantor. The constitution provides for equal access to land and civil law provides for women to register and administer property. Most persons were unaware of this right, however, and customary law forbids women from registering property in their own names" (p. 19).
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Although they may legally own property and are entitled to financial support from their guardian, women have fewer political or social rights than men, and society treated them as unequal members in the political and social spheres" (Pg 38).
June 20, 2019, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The housing law, which governs the government housing system, discriminates against women married to noncitizen men and against divorced women" (p. 15).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Under the law, women--regardless of marital status--have equal property ownership rights as men. The law equalizes the treatment of men and women in receiving free government land for housing" (Pg 15).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Women generally remained marginalized. No laws prohibit women from owning land, but customary land tenure systems allowed only men to own land, with women gaining access to land only via marriage or family. Many customary practices also did not recognize a woman’s right to inherit her husband’s property, and many widows became destitute when their in-laws took virtually all the deceased husband’s property" (Pg 36).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, LO-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The law provides for equality in ownership of property, inheritance rights, access to education, and equal pay for equal work" (56).
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law prohibits gender-based discrimination, including employment discrimination. Women nonetheless experienced discrimination in such areas as obtaining credit, salary level, owning and managing businesses, education, and housing (see section 7.d.) (Pg 15).
June 4, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Civil, but not customary law protects inheritance, succession, and property rights. Civil law defers to customary law that does not permit women or girls to inherit property" (p. 15).
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"By law, women have full legal equality with men, including equal pay, access to loans, the ability to start and own a business, and access to government jobs" (p. 23).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"By traditional law, which applies to the vast majority of women, a husband legally may restrict his wife’s freedom to work and may control her earnings" (p. 13).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"There are no restrictions on women signing contracts, opening bank accounts, or owning property. Women did not experience formal-sector economic discrimination in access to employment, credit, or managing a business" (p. 12).
May 27, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Although the law provides equal property and inheritance rights for women and men, land tenure practices emphasized family and communal land requirements more than individual ownership rights. As a result, authorities often denied women the right to own property, particularly real estate. Many citizens, particularly in rural areas, held to traditional beliefs that did not recognize inheritance rights for women and regarded a woman as property that could be inherited upon her husband’s death" (p. 19).
May 21, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Montenegro can legally sign a contract, register a business, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (115). Discrimination based on gender is not prohibited in access to credit in Montenegro, and neither is discrimination based on marital status (115).
May 21, 2019, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Mongolia can legally sign a contract, register a business, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (115). Discrimination based on gender is prohibited in access to credit in Mongolia, and so is discrimination based on marital status (115).
May 21, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Mozambique can legally sign a contract, register a business, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (116). Discrimination based on gender is not prohibited in access to credit in Mozambique, and neither is discrimination based on marital status (116).
May 21, 2019, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Morocco can legally sign a contract, register a business, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (116). Discrimination based on gender is prohibited in access to credit in Morocco, and so is discrimination based on marital status (116).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Myanmar can legally sign a contract, register a business, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (117). Discrimination based on gender is not prohibited in access to credit in Myanmar, and neither is discrimination based on marital status (117).
May 20, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

A woman in Namibia can legally sign a contract, register a business, and open a bank account in the same way as a man. Men and women have equal ownership rights to immovable property (117). Discrimination based on gender is not prohibited in access to credit in Namibia, and neither is discrimination based on marital status (117).