The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-LAW-1

Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Supreme Court has ruled that the rabbinical courts must apply certain civil laws such as those guarenteeing equal property rights to women and those protecting personal privacy" (12).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3

"Fifty-four percent of women age 15-49 own a house and 48% own land alone or jointly with someone else. Similarly, 56% of men own a house and 49% own land alone or jointly" (241). "In Myanmar, there are no differences between women and men with respect to ownership of a house or land. More than half of women (54%) and men (56%) age 15-49 own a house alone or jointly with someone else, and almost half of women (48%) and men (49%) own land alone or jointly. However, men are more likely than women to own both a house and land alone" (243).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings and established the necessity of a minimum age and mutual consent in marriage, as well as codifying women’s rights to work, move, open bank accounts, and start businesses" (para 3).
Jan. 8, 2018, 9:50 a.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"It also advocates repealing laws that limit women's access to common goods, such as the controversial Mining Law and Seeds Law" (para 13).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The law prohibits discrimination based on gender, and women enjoyed the same legal status and rights as men under family, labor, property, and inheritance law. The law recognizes joint property in marriages"(17)
Dec. 17, 2017, 8:32 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Several times, the mother tried to get loans from different financial institutions but she faced a lot of barriers" (para 4). The specific barriers are not described, however, it appears to not be necessarily legal barriers because later in the article the daughters do secure a loan (AA-CODER COMMENT). “'After a few months, we got our first loan of LE.500,' said Yasmin" (para 5).
Dec. 15, 2017, 10:34 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The dispossession of old women continues despite laws that, on paper, protect them from predatory in-laws" (para 5). "The laws restraining in-laws only apply to women who can prove that they were married. But as many as 80% of marriages in the countryside are 'customary' and not registered in writing anywhere, so widows going to court to enforce their rights end up having to ask their in-laws to confirm that they were indeed married" (para 6). "Solving the problem is not a question of passing new legislation but of extending the rule of written laws" (para 8).
Dec. 5, 2017, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: SMES-DATA-1, SMES-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, NGOFW-DATA-3

"Agricultural work on the land of female-headed households, which generally suffer from chronic shortage of labor, is supported by Ethiopia’s cash-for-work Productive Safety Net Programme (Holmes and Jones 2010, p. 14)"(58)
Dec. 5, 2017, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Other members of the household (especially girls and the elderly) may be recruited to undertake a greater part of the housework as women benefiting from a microcredit program spend more time on their businesses. This is illustrated by a survey of 121 women benefiting from the Small Farmers Development Program (SFDP)—launched by the Government of Indonesia in the early 1990s—when their answers were compared to those of a control group of 94 women. The responses showed that the program, which targeted not only women in poor agricultural families but also those active in fishing, home industry, and trading, allowed women beneficiaries to command more contributions from other members of the ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 1:10 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3, DTCP-LAW-1

"Women have been denied equal inheritance rights to property in several countries. A study of inheritance laws in six countries in South Asia found that women’s inheritance rights are severely restricted by laws and customs that govern family and social relations. Formal laws sometimes discriminate indirectly, by deferring to customary or religious laws. Discrimination is particularly notable in Pakistan and northwestern India, but these are by no means the only regions of concern"(25)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Bhutan is traditionally matrilineal with daughters inheriting land and other assets from their mothers, and children being treated equally in inheritance laws"(25)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"A recent study in Ecuador found that due to its community property regime and equal inheritance practices, the gender gap in asset ownership is almost absent (Deere and Diaz 2011)"(26)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In Nepal, for example, the first census in 2001 to collect sex-disaggregated ownership data representative of the national level showed that in only 10% of male-headed households were women recognized with some ownership of land. In 22% of female-headed households women owned land, while in 14.9% of the total number of households women owned land (Dabadi 2009). The picture has improved slightly, in part thanks to reform in 2006 of the regulation of inheritance of land and land ownership. Introduction in 2006 of a tax rebate—rising from 10% in 2006 to 25% in 2009—if land is registered in a woman’s name also helped (Singh Shresta 2010)"(24)
Nov. 30, 2017, 12:02 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1

"Though the Marriage Law gave women the right to land within the household unit and the Agrarian Reform Law granted men and women equal rights to land in general, in much of rural PRC customary practices prevail. Sons, rather than widows or daughters, continue to be considered the natural heirs of land (OECD 2010, p. 25)"(25)
Nov. 29, 2017, 4:11 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, GP-DATA-5

"Women often acquire land through government land allocation programs. Several countries have implemented land distribution schemes as part of land reform, land rehabilitation programs, or as part of anti-poverty programs. In most cases, however, women were not given equal rights under these schemes, with the male head of household given sole ownership of the land. That was the case, for instance, in the Mahaweli irrigation and resettlement scheme in Sri Lanka, as well in a major land reform initiative in the Indian state of West Bengal in the 1980s (Agarwal 2002)"(27)
Nov. 29, 2017, 1:38 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women have been denied equal inheritance rights to property in several countries. A study of inheritance laws in six countries in South Asia found that women’s inheritance rights are severely restricted by laws and customs that govern family and social relations. Formal laws sometimes discriminate indirectly, by deferring to customary or religious laws. Discrimination is particularly notable in Pakistan and northwestern India, but these are by no means the only regions of concern"(25)."In India, even after amendments introduced in 2005 to the Hindu Succession Act giving women equal rights to their natal family assets, women’s inheritance of property is rare. (The first reform of the Hindu Succession Act in 1956 ...more
Nov. 29, 2017, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Bangladesh, for instance, follows Muslim religious laws for inheritance, which stipulate that a daughter inherits one-half the share of her brother, a wife can claim one-eighth of the property, while a mother gets one-sixth (Ramachandran 2006)"(25)."In the Rural Infrastructure Improvement Project in Bangladesh supported by ADB [Asian Development Bank], women are rewarded financially—partly in cash and partly by transfers to their bank accounts—for maintaining designated segments of rural roads. The program includes training and is linked to income-generating activities, allowing women to graduate from the program after 4 years (ADB 2012, p. 31)"(58)
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Following divorce (after years of living with her husband) women have no right to the assets accumulated during their time together, and under Iranian laws she is not a co-owner of her husband’s assets" (para 10).
Nov. 27, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"On paper, the law is clear: men and women enjoy equal property rights under Afghanistan's 2004 constitution. . . . With evidence of the benefits of women's land ownership clear, the question is: how can the U.S. and Afghan governments, along with multilateral organizations, put laws on the books into action when the law is so often left in the hands of local tribal leaders? USAID tried to tackle this question with the Land Reform in Afghanistan (LARA) project, which ran from 2011 to 2014. The initiative established a Women’s Land Rights Task Force comprised of prominent Afghan men and women as well as civil society to advise project leaders ...more
Oct. 26, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The frail looking 45-year-old woman [widow] has no documents to prove her rights to her husband’s property in the ancient town of Sankhu"(para 3)."She [Lily Thapa, chief of Women for Human Rights] said many widows lacked documents to claim their dead husband’s property"(para 9)."[Lily] Thapa says several discriminatory laws and policies have been amended in recent years. For example, a widow who remarries no longer needs to return her deceased husband’s property"(para 27)
Oct. 18, 2017, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-LAW-1

“'You are allowed to farm, to do any kind of work on that farm, but when it comes to selling the farm, women are given secondary rights,' she said" (24).
Oct. 4, 2017, 12:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"On paper, the law is clear: men and women enjoy equal property rights under Afghanistan's 2004 constitution" (para 1).
Sept. 29, 2017, 8:25 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3

"Although women’s rights and gender equality are written in the constitutions and laws in China, discrimination against women is still prevalent in rural villages. For example, unlike men, married women are deprived of their entitlements; their land is often withdrawn or occupied by others after marriage"(para 2)
Sept. 21, 2017, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women are playing an important part in driving the growth of e-commerce in China, according to a report released by AliResearch, an affiliate of Alibaba Group Holding Ltd"(para 1)."The report showed that the number of women who shopped on Taobao, one of the largest online platforms in China, was more than 200 million. It also found that nearly 6 million women have established their own Taobao shops and 49.4 percent of these women are the owners of their online business"(para 3)
Aug. 30, 2017, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee is especially concerned about the situation of rural women, about their lack of information and of participation in decision-making processes and about their lack of access to health care, social security services, education, justice, clean water, electricity, land and credit facilities" (8)
Aug. 30, 2017, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Can an unmarried woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? Yes"
Aug. 30, 2017, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Can an unmarried woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? Yes"
Aug. 30, 2017, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Can an unmarried woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? Yes"
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Can an unmarried woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man Yes"
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Can an unmarried woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman sign a contract in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman register a business in the same way as a man? Yes. Can an unmarried woman open a bank account in the same way as a man? Yes. Can a married woman open a bank account in the same way as a man Yes"