The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-LAW-1

April 6, 2021, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Nolmongen was among the first residents of Umoja, which was founded in 1990 as a refuge for Samburu women who have suffered sexual assault and been cast out and stripped of any claims to their property or children, as well as those fleeing child marriage or female genital mutilation (FGM). Today, the women are on the brink of being granted the title deed to a tract of grazing land by the county government - a right they never would have had outside the village - and are motivating nearby communities to also start giving land rights to women (para 5-6). "Kenya's constitution states that all women have equal rights to...more
April 2, 2021, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"While Afghanistan's laws give women equal rights to own land and property, ignorance, weak law enforcement, and social norms have combined to deprive Afghan women of their property rights" (para 5). "The Ministry of Urban Development and Land (MUDL) – formerly ARAZI – has been improving land administration and promoting better access to registration services, especially for women" (para 7). "This effort has been supported initially by the UN Habitat's City for All Program, and subsequently through the Afghanistan Land Administration System Project (ALASP) financed by the World Bank and the Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF). So far MUDL has issued 34,370 Occupancy Certificates (OC) and more than half include...more
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LO-LAW-1

“In rural Honduras, land is regarded as belonging to men, and separation in most cases means that women lose any claims to it” (pp. 16).
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LO-LAW-1

“Public policies on urban housing and titling programmes often focus on equal access for women-headed households. In Dakar (Senegal) and Ekurhuleni (South Africa), the proportion of women heads among those allocated plots is approximately the same as their share of all households, and they are more likely than men to complete the titling process. But it is generally overlooked that even married or cohabiting women are likely to lack joint legal ownership, making women more vulnerable to losing their home, as well as potentially limiting their decision-making on its use and management” (pp. 20).
Feb. 26, 2021, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LO-LAW-1

In Dakar (Senegal) and Ekurhuleni (South Africa), the proportion of women heads among those allocated plots is approximately the same as their share of all households, and they are more likely than men to complete the titling process. But it is generally overlooked that even married or cohabiting women are likely to lack joint legal ownership, making women more vulnerable to losing their home, as well as potentially limiting their decision-making on its use and management” (pp. 20).
Feb. 9, 2021, 12:21 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LO-LAW-1, PW-PRACTICE-3

"Women married in polygamous customary relationships before the introduction of laws recognising customary marriages in 1998 will officially and finally receive the same rights as women in customary marriages concluded after 1998... An interim order was made which had the effect that wives – and not only husbands – in polygamous customary marriages entered into before the commencement of the act would enjoy joint and equal ownership, management and control over marital property in respect of house property and family property. Each spouse in a polygamous customary marriage would also retain exclusive rights to her or his personal property. This was a necessary departure from customary law as it applied...more
Jan. 29, 2021, 5:45 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, MURDER-LAW-1, UVAW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

“Mexico does have a powerful law in place, the General Law on Women’s Access to a Life Free of Violence, which was passed in 2007. The law provided sweeping measures to 'prevent, treat, punish, and eradicate violence against women,' defined as including psychological, physical, economic, patrimonial (involving violation of women’s property rights), and sexual violence; it also defined femicide as a hate crime targeting women. But as too many cases have demonstrated, the mandate is not enough” (para 12).
Dec. 21, 2020, 11:43 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LO-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"Women also enjoy the same legal status, claim to titles, access to education, the right to practice professions, and the right to inherit property as men" (para 1).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LO-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

“That impact goes even further. A study in Ghana showed that when women own a larger share of the household’s land, families allocate a larger proportion of the household budget to food. . .” (para 9).
Dec. 10, 2020, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-LAW-1, NGOFW-PRACTICE-1, NGOFW-DATA-1

“The amount of land required to help a family is not large. India has seen great success boosting family nutrition by providing families with small plots of land. . . Landesa, the global development non-profit where I serve as a land tenure specialist, worked with the governments of several Indian states to design and implement programs that identify poor landless families and give them small plots of government-owned or government-purchased land. So far, eleven state across India have allocated 210,613 of these plots to poor families” (para 6).
Dec. 3, 2020, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LO-LAW-1

“Customary Land Management Act No. 33, in 2013, ensur[es]…that women’s rights to customary land are not alienated” (1).
Oct. 6, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The representatives called on the special rapporteur to…monitor and encourage the enactment of laws which strengthen women's access to land and marital property" (para 16).
Sept. 15, 2020, 2:32 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"The legislature in July passed new laws on marriage and inheritance that establish co-ownership of martial property. The laws also give a widow the right to one- quarter of the husband’s estate, with the remaining three-quarters going to the children. Under the old law, widows often received nothing" (para 27).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-1, MARR-PRACTICE-7, MARR-LAW-3

“My name is Julienne Lusenge and I’m an activist for women’s rights in the DRC…[The] Family Code says that a married woman is basically a minor. At the age of 55 today I can’t own any property. I can’t own a house, I can’t even own a dog or a car. First I have to ask my husband for permission. He can then sign to say, yes she has bought it. So we’re working to get rid of all that from our Family Code” (para 2, 12).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:27 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-LAW-1

“ENSS [Ekal Nari Shakti Sangathan] state coordinator Nirmal Chandel said, ‘There are no integrated official statistics on the strength of single women and lack of property rights for women in paternal property in tribal areas, appropriate medical facilities and besides absence of concrete definition for the group of ‘single women’ which have forced the estimated 3 lakh [three hundred thousand] to list out this charter of demands for the special dispensation’” (para 2).
June 23, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women’s status is determined by the scope of their civil rights. Under current legislation, women and men have equal legal personality, in other words the ability to own, use and dispose of property, to conclude contracts and to exercise other civil rights" (6).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"All women enjoy, on the basis of equality with men, the rights to ownership, which constitutes the very basis of all civil rights. Women are accorded rights to conclude, in their own names, contracts for purchase or sale, bank deposit, life or property insurance, trust or loan in accordance with the Civil Law" (37).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In that framework, FONTIERRAS determined that in the period between 2012 and 2025 women may be beneficiaries in the articles of incorporation of legal persons, as envisaged at article 3 (b) and (c). For its part, article 20 provides, ‘Guatemalan men and women peasant farmers, shall be beneficiaries, whether considered individually or having organized to gain access to land and agricultural/livestock, forestry, and hydro-biological production. In the framework of its projects it shall stimulate the participation of women peasant farmers both individually and collectively organized.’ Accordingly, it has facilitated access to land through its programmes ‘Access to land purchases and productive development’ and ‘Land regularization’. The names of both spouses...more
April 22, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"This is partly because cultural, religious and traditional values in Lebanon undermine women’s economic independence and contribute to their economic marginalization and dependence on husbands, and partly because Lebanese personal status laws do not recognize a wife’s economic and non-economic contributions to the marriage, including the value of her unpaid domestic labor, or the concept of marital property" (96).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Law No. 43/2013 of 16 June 2013 governing land in Rwanda, which prohibits discrimination based on sex in relation to access to land" (2).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-4, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1

"By law women may own property, but they often ceded control of it to male relatives due to cultural reasons and family pressure" (29).
Feb. 11, 2020, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Constitution provides for the right for men and women to own property individually or jointly. There is need for increased awareness of equal rights to property countrywide and establishment of institutions responsible for implementing land laws. Land tribunals which are already established by law could be used to decentralise the operations of the Administrator General." (para. 12-13).
Feb. 7, 2020, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, POLY-LAW-2

"Laws related to marriage, ownership and inheritance rights remain ineffective because they often conflict with predominant social practices. For example, although the Constitution prohibits bigamy, polygamous marriages are very common in the southern region. Only the first wife is given the right to place her name beside her husband's on land registration and certification forms, while the right to land ownership for polygamous wives remains marginalized" (para 19)
Feb. 5, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Only 11% of women and 16% of men have a bank account that they use" (pg 269).
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Women did not have the same rights as men and experienced systematic subordination to men, despite provisions in the federal constitution prohibiting such discrimination. Women experienced discrimination in credit, education, politics, and housing." (33).
Dec. 31, 2019, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In the most significant reforms to Chinese land laws in more than 15 years, the Chinese government adopted several new amendments to its 2002 Rural Land Contracting Law (RLCL) late last year that will help strengthen the land rights of 240 million Chinese farm households. The amended RLCL includes key provisions that protect and strengthen women’s land rights, and responds positively to shifting demographic trends as China’s farming communities undergo rapid urbanization" (para. 1-2). "The new law strengthens and reaffirms the rights of rural households to use, manage, and leverage their land in four important ways. For the first time, women’s names will be registered on land certificates. Previously, only...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The state protects the rights and interests of rural women in relation to land. China is a large agricultural country, and women living in rural areas account for about 70 percent of the total agricultural labor force. While forging ahead with deeper all-round reform and promoting village-level self-government in rural areas, the state has implemented and improved laws and policies on protecting the land rights of women in rural areas, established various systems for managing rural collective funds, assets and resources, corrected any village regulations and folk conventions for villagers that are in conflict with statutory regulations and the principle of gender equality, so as to ensure that women in...more
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:17 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Land titles of farmers who kill themselves in an Indian state will be given to their widows, according to a government order, granting inheritance equality in a nation where their property rights are often denied" (para. 1).