The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-LAW-1

April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Fiji Revenue and Customs Authority issues a letter containing a person’s tax identification number (TIN) and women can use this letter to open a new bank account, acquire a bank loan, enter into hire purchase credits and agreement. The Consumer Credit Act 1999 regulates consumer credit agreements and related mortgages, guarantees, sale contracts and insurance contracts, leases and hire purchase agreements. Any aggrieved party to a credit agreement may seek redress in a court of law or the small claims tribunal for amounts up to F$5,000" (33).
April 20, 2018, 1:18 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with appreciation the increases in grants for the advancement of rural women, innovation excellence awards and training for rural professionals. It expresses its concern, however, that, notwithstanding the provisions of Law No. 35/2011 on shared ownership of agricultural enterprises, more than 70 per cent of the owners are men" (10).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Act No. 034-2009/AN of 16 June 2009 on rural land tenure, which inter alia establishes the principle of gender equality with regard to access to land in rural areas" (11). "The following special measures are in progress: 1) Establishment of the Unit of Support for Women’s Entrepreneurship, with a CFAF 5 billion line of credit from the Burkina Faso Fund for Social and Economic Development of (FBDES), to provide women entrepreneurs with access to credit at acceptable terms; 2) In 2014, establishment in the Burkina Faso Financing and Interbank Guarantee Company (SOFIGIB) of a CFAF 500 million fund earmarked for guaranteeing loans to women entrepreneurs" (15). "On 15 May 2008, ...more
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Furthermore, the State does not discriminate between men and women in respect of the right to obtain bank loans and mortgages, when the conditions are met" (28). "Furthermore, they do not restrict the legal capacity of women on grounds of marriage or ties of kinship. Accordingly, if a woman attains the legal age of majority, she is competent to exercise all the rights and carry out all the legal transactions for which provision is made in the Civil Code and other laws in force. She is also competent to administer her property and possessions, as well as her personal affairs, without the imposition of restriction, limitation or impediment in regard ...more
April 5, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the creation, in 2008, of the National Observatory for Women in Agriculture and Rural Areas by the Ministry of Agriculture. The Committee notes with concern, however, the lack of updated and disaggregated data on the participation of women in the agricultural sector. It remains concerned about the exclusion of women agricultural seasonal workers from the protection of the Labour Code and the limited initiatives to increase women’s access to rural entrepreneurship through technical assistance, microcredit facilities and bank accounts" (pg 11).
April 4, 2018, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Land Law, which provides for the issuance of land-use certificates in the name of both spouses, in 2013" (2). "The Committee welcomes the fact that the Land Law (2013) provides for the issuance of land-use certificates in the name of both spouses, but remains concerned that, in practice, male-only certificates are often issued and that mediation of disputes tends to favour men over women" (11).
March 30, 2018, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The property rights enshrined in the Hindu Succession Act of 1956 (as amended in 2005) testimonies the liberal progressive approach of Indian political system by placing female property rights at par with their male counterparts" (109).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The right to access bank loans is still in force and Burundian women always have access to credit on an equal footing with men" (6). "There are no longer any barriers to granting loans to a married woman; and so on" (13). "Right of access to bank loans remains unaltered and women enjoy the same access to credit as men" (24). "Regarding access to loans, as underscored in the previous report, 'With respect to bank loans, Burundian women enjoy this right on an equal footing with men. Since the previous report, the number of loans granted to women has increased, and the nature of the loans has extended to commercial ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2005 of the State party’s combined initial, second and third periodic reports (CEDAW/C/GMB/1-3) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: (a) Domestic Violence Act, in 2013; (b) Sexual Offences Act, in 2013; (c) Women’s Act, in 2010; (d) Legal Aid Act, in 2008; (e) Trafficking in Persons Act, in 2007" (page 1-2) (Coder comment: the 2010 Women's act includes provisions for equality in employment, access to education, and property ownership - ARR). "The Committee welcomes the initiatives taken by the State party to promote the economic empowerment of women, such as the provision of microcredits, ...more
March 17, 2018, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"During the reporting period, the Act on the Financial System for Promotion of Development was approved, giving rise to the National Development Bank of El Salvador, which administers the Programme of Guarantees for businesswomen and women entrepreneurs who are attended to at the locations of Women’s City. As of 31 August 2014, it had granted a total of 563 credits for an average amount of $556.49 per credit. In October 2014, the Bank launched its Women’s Bank programme (Programa Banca Mujer) aimed at promoting economic development and financial inclusion for Salvadoran women entrepreneurs by three avenues: credit lines, guarantees for training, and technical assistance. The Solidarity Fund for Micro-enterprise Families ...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: CL-DATA-1, LO-LAW-1, LBHO-LAW-2

"The Committee notes with appreciation the introduction of temporary special measures to accelerate women’s political participation, but remains concerned that no other temporary special measures have been introduced as part of a necessary strategy to accelerate the achievement of substantive equality of women and men in all areas of the Convention in which women are underrepresented or disadvantaged, including with regard to access to land and higher education and to the increased feminization of poverty. The Committee encourages the State party to use temporary special measures, in accordance with article 4 (1) of the Convention and the Committee’s general recommendation No. 25 on the subject, as a necessary component of ...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned that the State party retains the doctrine of marital power, which divests women of legal capacity to administer property and to sue without the consent of their husbands when they are married out of community of property where marital power has not been excluded and which might in some cases extend to the marital power of the husband’s family. The State party should repeal the doctrine of marital power in order to ensure full compliance with article 15 of the Convention so that women have identical legal capacity to that of men to be able to conclude contracts and to administer property, as well as to ...more
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Uncultivated Land Distribution Law is intended to grant individuals of both sexes land, which they develop, reclaim and exploit for agricultural and livestock production" (47). "The legal capacity of women and their rights to conclude contracts and to acquire and administer property are guarenteed by the Islamic Sharia and laws in effect in the Kingdom...An adult woman has full financial independence and liability. She may dispose of movable and immovable property, administer her financial affairs, engage in all commervial and economic activities, conclude sale and purchase contracts, lease, mortage, bequeath and gift directly. She is free to obtain government financing for commercial enterprises, open accounts with banks, obtain financing ...more
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"Numerous public policies are being implemented to economically empower women, as well as ventures and productive projects for the entry of more women in the labor market. In 2016 the Program 'Women PYME' was launched, directed toward micro, small and medium formal businesses led by women, operated by INMUJERES, National Finance and the National Institute of Entrepreneurs, to offer commercial financing up to five million pesos, with preferential interest rates, elimination or reduction of guarantees for other credit products, in addition to access to tools for strengthening the business. There are institutional mechanisms for the financing of women's productive projects: the National Program for Financing Microenterprises and Rural Women; this ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Government recognizes that inclusive development rest on ensuring equality of opportunity in work. The government’s vision for development includes employment creation as a key factor based on knowledge and innovation economy. The main state banks, the Bank of Ceylon, Peoples’ Bank and the Regional Development Bank have given loans to over 130,000 women entrepreneurs across the country" (20). "Funds have been allocated for a self-loan scheme for women in 2014 Budget enabling women to obtain a loan up to Rs. 250,000 for self-employment. A number of micro credit programmes have been introduced for women by the Government through state banks who may not have earlier been involved in market ...more
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In 2011, 30 per cent of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises with loans in the national financial system were run by women. In 2013, the country granted 6,492 loans to micro, small and medium-sized enterprises led by women, corresponding to 31.73 per cent of loans granted in that year, up slightly from the 2011 level" (28). "Although support provided to women by the national banking system is significant, which includes credit lines that are specific for women (for example, Banco Nacional’s Banca Mujer credit line), there is still a gender gap in access to business credits: for every loan obtained by women, 2.15 are granted to men" (29). "With the ...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Government of Kenya through the Treasury has to date (2014) allocated Kshs. 4.5 billion (USD 50.6 Million) of WEF. These funds have benefitted 864,920 women who have borrowed over Kshs. 4.5 billion (USD 50.6 Million) while over 404,800 women have been trained on business management skills, sensitization and registration of 52 Savings and Credit Co-operatives (SACCOs), use of mobile phone loan repayment, partnership with private-public non-state actors. The loan repayments have been impressive at 89 per cent group loan and 99.8 per cent through financial intermediaries largely due to business skills trainings afforded to loanees before any monetary advancement i.e., financial literacy. To broaden the reach to a majority ...more
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In addition to the above projects and programmes, many microfinance institutions are involved in the empowerment of women in that they receive savings deposits and, especially, extend credit — as women, because of their poverty, generally lack the collateral to obtain a bank loan" (pg 27). "The mapping conducted by the Ministry of Finance outlines the situation of 79 microfinance institutions countrywide, thus facilitating access to credit for women belonging to women’s associations" (pg 28).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"In this respect, the UNWomen Programme “Women’s Economic Empowerment through Increasing Employability in the Republic of Moldova” is focused on improving the local services, creation of Joint Information and Services Bureau, capacity building of the relevant institutions in their provision, and improvement of the regulatory and legislative framework" (Pg 40). "According to the national legislation, women and men have equal rights to land ownership, access to insurance programs, medical services, educational programs, creation and participation in agricultural cooperatives, development of entrepreneurial activities, etc. There are no legal restrictions and differences regarding rural and urban areas" (Pg 40-41). "For the purpose of developing a new regulatory framework governing land relations, the ...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since its consideration in 2011 of the State party's initial report in undertaking legislative reform, in particular the adoption of the following...Civil Transactions Law, in 2013, granting women legal capacity equal to that of men in respect of all civil transactions, including bank loans and real estate mortgages" (1-2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of Royal Decree No. 29/2013, which grants women legal capacity equal to that of men in respect of all civil transactions, as well as the measures to promote women’s entrepreneurship" (15).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The relevant laws, such as Law No. 1 (1996) on ownership of flats, apartments and shops, do not discriminate between men and women" (55). "The law does not discriminate between women and men with respect to bank loans and mortgages. Under such laws, men and women have equal legal capacity to perform bank transactions, open bank accounts, make deposits, borrow, and obtain mortgages, credit facilities and various other types of credit. Women are subject to the same restrictions, conditions and interest rates that are set for men, and do not have to meet any special requirements. Legislation governing the financial sector outside of the banks in Palestine treats women and ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, noon
Countries: Chile
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about the persistence of legislation which discriminates against women with regard to the administration of marital property and reiterates its concern that legal reform in this regard has been pending since 1995 (CEDAW/C/CHI/CO/4, para. 9)" (10).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Discrimination Act entered into force on 1 January 2009 and replaced 7 former laws against discrimination, including the Equal Opportunities Act (1991:433). The purpose of the Discrimination Act is to combat discrimination and in other ways promote equal rights and opportunities regardless of sex, transgender identity or expression, ethnicity, religion or other belief, disability, sexual orientation or age. The Discrimination Act provides more comprehensive protection from discrimination than the previous discrimination legislation. Prohibitions against discrimination apply to the following areas of society: working life; education; labour market policy activities and employment services not under public contract; starting or running a business; professional recognition; membership of an employees’ organisation, employers’ ...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the legal framework providing for equitable access to land, resources and information, and the minimum 30 percent quota of State-managed agricultural land plots reserved for women. However, the Committee is concerned that this framework is insufficiently implemented due to the low level of awareness of these rights by women, that it fails to mainstream gender equality into its programming and that it has not been formulated and implemented with the full participation of rural women. The Committee is further concerned that No mechanisms exist for women to file complaints about discrimination in their access, ownership, utilization and inheritance of land [and] Women have been disproportionately impacted by ...more
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, AFE-LAW-1

"The law provided for the same legal status and rights for women as for men, including under laws related to family, labor, property, nationality, and inheritance, as well as employment, credit, pay, owning and/or managing businesses, education, and housing" (15).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the fact that the Rural Land Act (No. 26.727 of 2011) provides for the protection of family farming and biodiversity and that women have equal rights as men to access land, enter into contracts and administer assets" (14).
Jan. 17, 2018, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"The Supreme Court has ruled that the rabbinical courts must apply certain civil laws such as those guarenteeing equal property rights to women and those protecting personal privacy" (12).
Jan. 8, 2018, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LO-LAW-1, LO-DATA-3

"Fifty-four percent of women age 15-49 own a house and 48% own land alone or jointly with someone else. Similarly, 56% of men own a house and 49% own land alone or jointly" (241). "In Myanmar, there are no differences between women and men with respect to ownership of a house or land. More than half of women (54%) and men (56%) age 15-49 own a house alone or jointly with someone else, and almost half of women (48%) and men (49%) own land alone or jointly. However, men are more likely than women to own both a house and land alone" (243).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LO-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings and established the necessity of a minimum age and mutual consent in marriage, as well as codifying women’s rights to work, move, open bank accounts, and start businesses" (para 3).
Jan. 8, 2018, 9:50 a.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LO-LAW-1

"It also advocates repealing laws that limit women's access to common goods, such as the controversial Mining Law and Seeds Law" (para 13).