The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 3, 2018, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"The law provides women with property rights equal to those of men, but women frequently waived these rights by signing over the equivalent of powers of attorney to their husbands" (32).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The law recognizes a woman’s right to own property, but very few women did so because of patriarchal inheritance rights under customary practice" (34). "The United Kingdom Department for International Development’s 2011 Gender and Social Exclusion Analysis Report reported that women experienced extensive economic discrimination, including in access to employment, credit, pay, and owning or managing businesses" (35).
Aug. 1, 2018, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"While the law allows women to own property, social and religious barriers strongly discouraged women’s ownership of land, a primary source of collateral in the banking system. The threat of criminal bankruptcy and fear of the conditions in prisons contributed to extremely low rates of women accessing commercial credit" (40-41).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Lack of collateral has historically limited women’s access to credit, which has restricted women’s business ownership. Despite improvements in access to bank loans and small credit cooperatives, such factors continued to hinder women’s participation in business" (23).
July 23, 2018, 11:52 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"Although the law does not prohibit women from owning or inheriting land, tradition generally barred women from land ownership" (11).
July 20, 2018, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Traditions of sharia also significantly disadvantage women in family, property, and inheritance law and in the judicial system generally" (17).
July 18, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"More than half--52 percent--of full-time farmers were women, but they had limited access to agricultural extension services, training, and credit" (17).
July 17, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"In some regions, particularly the northern provinces, women had limited access to the formal judicial system for enforcement of rights provided under the civil code and instead relied on customary law to settle disputes. Women typically have no rights to inherit land under customary law...Enforcement of laws that protect women’s rights to land ownership was poor" (16).
July 17, 2018, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Preventing women from obtaining citizenship documentation precludes their access to the courts and thus their ability to make legal claims to land and other property, leaving the husband or male relatives free to stake their own claims" (20). "Discrimination was most common in rural areas where religious and cultural traditions, lack of education, and ignorance of the law remained severe impediments to the exercise of basic rights, such as the right to vote or to hold property in a woman’s name...The law grants women equal shares of their parents’ inheritance and the right to keep their property after marriage, but many women were not aware of their rights, and others...more
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The limited access of rural women to land title and ownership (only 11.6 per cent of all women are land owners) and their lack of participation in decision-making processes concerning the use of land and means of production" (page 12).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the measures taken by the State party to reduce poverty and ensure social protection, including a social cash transfer scheme and the adoption of a national social welfare policy. It is, nevertheless, concerned that those measures are not adapted to the specific needs of women and that women have limited access to financial assistance and credit. The Committee is also concerned at the limited support for women’s entrepreneurial activities, which are mainly confined to the informal sector without access to the wider economic growth" (page 13). "The Committee is, however, concerned at the disadvantaged position of women in rural and remote areas, who form the majority of...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against women remained a serious problem despite legal equality in family, labor, property, inheritance, nationality, divorce, and child custody matters. Women experienced economic discrimination in wages (see section 7.d.), extension of credit, and ownership of land. Traditional patrilineal authorities, such as a chief or a council of elders, administered many rural areas. Some traditional authorities refused to grant land tenure to women, a precondition for access to housing subsidies. Women may challenge traditional land tenure decisions in national courts, but access to legal counsel was costly" (33).
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to reduce poverty through access to loans and credit, such as the establishment of the Women’s Empowerment Fund in 2012. However, it is concerned at reports of mismanagement of the Fund and of the low number of women who have benefited from it" (12).
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee is concerned about] discrimination against rural women in relation to property rights" (13)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution and law provide that men and women enjoy the same legal status and rights under family, labor, property, and inheritance law and in the judicial system. Men and women have an equal right to obtain a bank loan, but women often encountered significant restrictions," (55).
May 30, 2018, 7:55 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"A study by the Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce (2016) on Women Agribusiness Entrepreneurs revealed that fewer women smallholder farmers meet the banking sector’s stringent borrowing requirements, and women are more likely to operate informally" (Para 7).
May 29, 2018, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"While the law accords women equal legal rights, including the right to own property, most women were limited to customary family roles that prevented them from taking more active responsibility in economic and political life" (11).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to relocate some villagers to accommodate land concessions given to development projects and continued to relocate highland farmers, mostly from ethnic minority groups, to lowland areas under its plan to provide better access to roads and health and education services, and to end opium production and slash-and-burn agriculture. While there were no reports the government forcibly relocated villagers for development purposes, there were frequent reports of individuals displaced by government projects. Although resettlement plans called for compensating farmers for lost land and providing resettlement assistance, in many cases villagers considered the assistance insufficient. Moreover, in some areas farmland allotted to relocated villagers was poor and unsuited for...more
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned about...the low percentage of female entrepreneurs compared with male entrepreneurs" (10).
May 2, 2018, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"As Leta Hong Fincher reports, in the top real estate markets of Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, ‘only 30 per cent of marital home deeds include the woman’s name, even though over 70 per cent of women contribute to the marital home purchase’. Given that real estate is a major source of new wealth for Chinese, women are in a losing game" (para 12).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party, including the Action Plan for Women Entrepreneurs and the Guarantee Fund, to increase the number of women entrepreneurs who own or manage businesses. The Committee also welcomes the 2014 amendment of the Law on Social Assistance and Social Services which provides for social assistance to be paid directly to women. Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the limited implementation of those laws and policies, in particular at the local level and as regards women and girls belonging to disadvantaged or marginalized groups. The Committee is concerned at the improper implementation of the practice of the Agency for the Legalization, Urban...more
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Persisting social and cultural constraints, especially in rural areas, prevent women from owning and inheriting land" (15). "Most women work in the informal sector, including petty trade, agricultural-, livestock- and forest-product processing and marketing, hairdressing and weaving. That sector is characterized by women’s considerable vulnerability because of limited access to credit and unstable income" (32). "Although under Burkina Faso legislation they are allowed access to land, women in practice are confronted with challenges related mainly to land title possession and verification. Wildland is in fact subject to both customary and modern law, with customs unfavourable to women carrying more weight" (33).
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the adoption of a substrategy on promoting women’s economic opportunities and leadership in 2014, but it remains concerned at the persistence of poverty among women, in particular in rural areas and among female-headed households, as well as at women’s limited access to property, financial credit and mortgages. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of targeted measures to ensure that older women and women with disabilities can participate in decision-making in and benefit from the implementation of development projects" (Pg 10).
April 4, 2018, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the efforts made by the State party to build the capacity of the judiciary on gender equality, but is concerned: (a) That the frequent use of reconciliation and mediation for dispute resolution, including in cases of domestic violence and property disputes, favours men over women and hinders women’s access to justice and remedies" (3). "The Committee welcomes the fact that the Land Law (2013) provides for the issuance of land-use certificates in the name of both spouses, but remains concerned that, in practice, male-only certificates are often issued and that mediation of disputes tends to favour men over women" (11).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"That women’s economic empowerment has not been sufficiently mainstreamed within the overall poverty reduction and development strategies of the State party and that women’s access to credit, including microcredit, remains insufficient" (12). "That traditional inheritance systems continue to exclude women from land ownership" (14).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar

"The Committee is concerned that most women, especially in rural areas, have limited or no access to training opportunities, financial credit and loans, including to steady income, pension and social security schemes, in the State party. It is also concerned that single women heads of households, in particular in rural areas, are more at risk of poverty. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Repeal all legislation that discriminates against women’s economic empowerment; (b) Adopt measures to ensure equal access for women and men to training opportunities, such as vocational training and financial resources, including income-generating opportunities, credit and loans, pension and social benefits schemes; (c) Conduct capacity-building programmes...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to improve the living conditions of rural women, but remains concerned about: (a) Rural women’s limited access to land titles and ownership owing to the lack of identification documents to demonstrate land ownership and lack of knowledge of the regulations and procedures for obtaining land titles" (11).
March 28, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"That women are often unable to exercise their rights to an equal share in marital property owing to the transfer of such property to the families of the husband or other third parties" (10).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Regarding access to loans, as underscored in the previous report, 'With respect to bank loans, Burundian women enjoy this right on an equal footing with men. Since the previous report, the number of loans granted to women has increased, and the nature of the loans has extended to commercial and home loans.' Overall, given the country’s poverty, there is no widespread access to loans. The development of banking services is still incipient. They reach approximately 3.7% of the adult population. That affects everybody, rural women in particular" (28). "In that connection, and bearing in mind the difficulty women have in accessing loans" (28). "Another objective pursued in the SFGP II...more
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts towards poverty eradication in rural areas, including increasing the old age pension for persons aged 60 and above. It is concerned, however, at women’s limited access to land and the lack of information on rural women’s access to microfinance and microcredit schemes. The Committee is particularly concerned at reports of land grabbing by relatives of deceased spouses and the impact on women in rural areas. The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To adopt specific measures aimed at facilitating women’s access to land, in particular in rural areas; (b) To collect information on and promote rural women’s access to microfinance and microcredit...more