The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-PRACTICE-1

June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Many tribal land systems, including in Bihar, deny tribal women the right to own land" (42).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1

"Women generally remained marginalized. No laws prohibit women from owning land, but customary land tenure systems allowed only men to own land, with women gaining access to land only via marriage or family. Many customary practices also did not recognize a woman’s right to inherit her husband’s property, and many widows became destitute when their in-laws took virtually all the deceased husband’s property" (Pg 36).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1, IIP-PRACTICE-1, IAD-PRACTICE-1, IAD-LAW-1, ATFPA-PRACTICE-2

"Although the constitution provides for equal legal status and rights regardless of gender, women do not have the same rights as men under family law, which customary courts usually adjudicate. In customary law legal rights as head of household typically apply only to men. Customary law does not consider a divorced or widowed woman, even with children, to be a head of household. Traditional and religious beliefs resulted in discrimination in education, employment (see section 7.d.), owning or managing a business, credit, and property rights. Discrimination was worse in rural areas, where women helped with subsistence farming and did most of the childrearing, cooking, water- and wood-gathering, and other work....more
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Women’s rights advocates indicated that in rural areas women often forfeited land and property rights to their husbands in divorce proceedings. Rural contract law and laws protecting women’s rights stipulate that women enjoy equal rights in cases of land management, but experts asserted this was rarely the case due to the complexity of the law and difficulties in its implementation" (57).
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, LO-PRACTICE-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits gender-based discrimination, including employment discrimination. Women nonetheless experienced discrimination in such areas as obtaining credit, salary level, owning and managing businesses, education, and housing (see section 7.d.)" (Pg 15).
June 11, 2019, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The law also provides for the same legal status and rights for women as for men; however, women reported that it was more difficult for them to qualify for credit and to own a business" (12)
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Government of Mozambique elected the access to micro-finance for women as one of the strategic actions to reduce poverty, especially female poverty, the access to general financial services that currently cover a bit more than 10% of the total population, mainly in urban areas. For that the following actions need to be carried out: (...) b) 195 associations were assisted within the implementation scope of the micro finance projects and rotational credit and this benefited 3,448 members, where 1,726 were men and 1,722 women in Niassa and Manica provinces; In 2003, 17,053 people, 13,195 men and 3,857 (22.6%) women benefited from the District Development Fund (FDD), whereas 16,964 people...more
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"In terms of gender equality, the Special Regime establishes that in situations of jointly owned property, acquired during marriage or de facto union, the name of the spouse/partner whose name is not mentioned in property documents be referenced in the land cadastre and registry. Nonetheless, in informal de facto unions, a very common situation in Cabo Verde, this requires formal recognition of the union, which dependents on the will of both partners. In most cases of jointly owned property with only one name on documents, it is the man’s name that is stated, which means women, in particular those in non-formalized de facto unions, are in a weaker position, due...more
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"By traditional law, which applies to the vast majority of women, a husband legally may restrict his wife’s freedom to work and may control her earnings" (p. 13).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"They experienced discrimination in areas such as employment, credit, pay, owning or managing businesses, education, and housing" (38). "Cultural barriers also restricted the exercise of women’s property rights. In most rural areas, social norms largely prevented women from owning land" (48).
May 21, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Montenegro (115).
May 21, 2019, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is prohibited in access to credit in Mongolia (115).
May 21, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Mozambique (116).
May 21, 2019, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is prohibited in access to credit in Morocco (116).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Myanmar (117).
May 20, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Namibia (117).
May 20, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is prohibited in access to credit in the Netherlands (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Nepal (118).
May 18, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is prohibited in access to credit in Nicaragua (119).
May 18, 2019, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in New Zealand (119).
May 17, 2019, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Nigeria (120).
May 17, 2019, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Niger (120).
May 16, 2019, 5:06 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Oman (121).
May 16, 2019, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Norway (121).
May 16, 2019, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Pakistan (122).
May 16, 2019, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Papua New Guinea (123).
May 16, 2019, 2:01 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Panama (123).
May 16, 2019, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Under Kyrgyzstan family code, women and men have equal property rights in marriage, with couples signing a contract stating the division of property between them. But in unregistered marriages, there is no such contract and women lose out on these benefits" (para 2). “Some of the most problematic consequences of unregistered marriages are the rights of women to property..." (para 4).
May 15, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Peru (124).
May 15, 2019, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

Discrimination based on marital status is not prohibited in access to credit in Paraguay (124).