The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-PRACTICE-1

Oct. 3, 2018, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Rights lawyer Azza Soliman told Al-Monitor. 'Under khul, a woman is required to give up her legal financial rights...'" (para. 13).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"...women often experienced discrimination in employment, credit, and pay equity for similar work, as well as in owning and managing businesses (see section 7.d.)...Authorities often discriminated in property matters against poor women who lacked birth certificates or identity cards" (22).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Several times, the mother tried to get loans from different financial institutions but she faced a lot of barriers" (para 4). The specific barriers are not described, however, it appears to not be necessarily legal barriers because later in the article the daughters do secure a loan (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Lack of collateral has historically limited women’s access to credit, which has restricted women’s business ownership. Despite improvements in access to bank loans and small credit cooperatives, such factors continued to hinder women’s participation in business" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to reduce poverty through access to loans and credit, such as the establishment of the Women’s Empowerment Fund in 2012. However, it is concerned at reports of mismanagement of the Fund and of the low number of women who have benefited from it" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"Although the law does not prohibit women from owning or inheriting land, tradition generally barred women from land ownership" (11).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"The law provides women with property rights equal to those of men, but women frequently waived these rights by signing over the equivalent of powers of attorney to their husbands" (32).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the efforts made by the State party to build the capacity of the judiciary on gender equality, but is concerned: (a) That the frequent use of reconciliation and mediation for dispute resolution, including in cases of domestic violence and property disputes, favours men over women and hinders women’s access to justice and remedies" (3). "The Committee welcomes the fact that the Land Law (2013) provides for the issuance of land-use certificates in the name of both spouses, but remains concerned that, in practice, male-only certificates are often issued and that mediation of disputes tends to favour men over women" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The law recognizes a woman’s right to own property, but very few women did so because of patriarchal inheritance rights under customary practice" (34). "The United Kingdom Department for International Development’s 2011 Gender and Social Exclusion Analysis Report reported that women experienced extensive economic discrimination, including in access to employment, credit, pay, and owning or managing businesses" (35).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Discrimination against women remained a serious problem despite legal equality in family, labor, property, inheritance, nationality, divorce, and child custody matters. Women experienced economic discrimination in wages (see section 7.d.), extension of credit, and ownership of land. Traditional patrilineal authorities, such as a chief or a council of elders, administered many rural areas. Some traditional authorities refused to grant land tenure to women, a precondition for access to housing subsidies. Women may challenge traditional land tenure decisions in national courts, but access to legal counsel was costly" (33).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1, LO-LAW-1

"While the law accords women equal legal rights, including the right to own property, most women were limited to customary family roles that prevented them from taking more active responsibility in economic and political life" (11).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Traditions of sharia also significantly disadvantage women in family, property, and inheritance law and in the judicial system generally" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Preventing women from obtaining citizenship documentation precludes their access to the courts and thus their ability to make legal claims to land and other property, leaving the husband or male relatives free to stake their own claims" (20). "Discrimination was most common in rural areas where religious and cultural traditions, lack of education, and ignorance of the law remained severe impediments to the exercise of basic rights, such as the right to vote or to hold property in a woman’s name...The law grants women equal shares of their parents’ inheritance and the right to keep their property after marriage, but many women were not aware of their rights, and others...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"In some regions, particularly the northern provinces, women had limited access to the formal judicial system for enforcement of rights provided under the civil code and instead relied on customary law to settle disputes. Women typically have no rights to inherit land under customary law...Enforcement of laws that protect women’s rights to land ownership was poor" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"According to the law, women are entitled to a one-third share of inherited property. While ministry decrees carry the force of law, implementation met considerable resistance from men in certain areas of the country. Despite lobbying by women’s NGOs, enforcement of these property laws remained inconsistent" (29). "There were few legal obstacles to women’s participation in business and other economic activities. According to some entrepreneurs and NGOs, however, women had difficulty accessing credit and owning and managing businesses" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"More than half--52 percent--of full-time farmers were women, but they had limited access to agricultural extension services, training, and credit" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The government continued to relocate some villagers to accommodate land concessions given to development projects and continued to relocate highland farmers, mostly from ethnic minority groups, to lowland areas under its plan to provide better access to roads and health and education services, and to end opium production and slash-and-burn agriculture. While there were no reports the government forcibly relocated villagers for development purposes, there were frequent reports of individuals displaced by government projects. Although resettlement plans called for compensating farmers for lost land and providing resettlement assistance, in many cases villagers considered the assistance insufficient. Moreover, in some areas farmland allotted to relocated villagers was poor and unsuited for...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:16 a.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"While the law allows women to own property, social and religious barriers strongly discouraged women’s ownership of land, a primary source of collateral in the banking system. The threat of criminal bankruptcy and fear of the conditions in prisons contributed to extremely low rates of women accessing commercial credit" (40-41).
Aug. 31, 2018, 11:40 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: CWC-DATA-2, LO-PRACTICE-1

“the Committee is concerned at the lack of information on specific measures being taken to address the barriers that rural women face in agriculture and land ownership” (14)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: ERBG-PRACTICE-3, LO-PRACTICE-1

“the share of women-owned businesses increased from 26.0 to 28.8 percent [from 2004 to 2015]” (126)
Aug. 28, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption of a strategic framework for combating poverty, the intention of which is to facilitate women’s access to credit, land and equipment. It is concerned, however, about the lack of active participation by women in the design and implementation of these activities and about the discriminatory laws that require women to obey their husbands, thereby restricting their exercise of their economic rights. The Committee notes the severe disruption of women’s livelihoods, including their ability to trade, resulting from the conflict" (page 11). "The Committee . . . notes with concern the disproportionately adverse impact on rural women of the Land Code (2000), under which the application...more
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the State party’s efforts to develop strategies for poverty reduction through income-generating activities and access to microcredit. It is concerned, however, that some customs and traditions affect the social lives of women and their access to economic resources. The Committee is also concerned at the lack of information on the applicability of the Social Security Law (2012) to women in the informal employment sector. It is further concerned at the lack of information on the participation of women in the formulation of economic development plans and at their limited access to credit and loan facilities . . . The Committee notes the State party’s efforts aimed at...more
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned that women living in rural areas are disproportionately affected by poverty and by food and water insecurity as a result of the discrimination that they face in relation to income, to access to land tenure, to extension services and training, and to participation in decision-making. In particular, the Committee is concerned that women benefit significantly less from the outcome of agrarian reforms, depriving them of access to productive resources. Furthermore, it is concerned that land appropriation and the resulting displacement due to extractive industries, development projects and disasters continue to affect rural women disproportionately" (page 12).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The limited access of rural women to land title and ownership (only 11.6 per cent of all women are land owners) and their lack of participation in decision-making processes concerning the use of land and means of production" (page 12).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the measures taken by the State party to reduce poverty and ensure social protection, including a social cash transfer scheme and the adoption of a national social welfare policy. It is, nevertheless, concerned that those measures are not adapted to the specific needs of women and that women have limited access to financial assistance and credit. The Committee is also concerned at the limited support for women’s entrepreneurial activities, which are mainly confined to the informal sector without access to the wider economic growth" (page 13). "The Committee is, however, concerned at the disadvantaged position of women in rural and remote areas, who form the majority of...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee is concerned about] discrimination against rural women in relation to property rights" (13)
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The constitution and law provide that men and women enjoy the same legal status and rights under family, labor, property, and inheritance law and in the judicial system. Men and women have an equal right to obtain a bank loan, but women often encountered significant restrictions," (55).
May 30, 2018, 7:55 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"A study by the Zimbabwe National Chamber of Commerce (2016) on Women Agribusiness Entrepreneurs revealed that fewer women smallholder farmers meet the banking sector’s stringent borrowing requirements, and women are more likely to operate informally" (Para 7).
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned about...the low percentage of female entrepreneurs compared with male entrepreneurs" (10).
May 2, 2018, 9:29 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"As Leta Hong Fincher reports, in the top real estate markets of Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, ‘only 30 per cent of marital home deeds include the woman’s name, even though over 70 per cent of women contribute to the marital home purchase’. Given that real estate is a major source of new wealth for Chinese, women are in a losing game" (para 12).