The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LO-PRACTICE-1

Aug. 30, 2017, 5:51 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Banks in Turkey offer 'Credits for Entrepreneurs' under different terms to women, which aim at contributing to the attainment of a higher status by women. These credits for entrepreneurship granted to women by banks aim to support women entrepreneurs who do not have any activity or own a place, who desire to open a business for goods or services production or professional services or commercial activities, who do or don’t have a certificate pertaining to the desired business field, who have enough knowledge or experience but lack the sufficient amount of capital. With these credits, women who want to set up their own business, yet encounter security-related problems are provided ...more
Aug. 30, 2017, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Few women own land. In the traditional economy, women, youth, and the servant class are not landowners. Decisions on and-use are generally determined by men and the elderly. In 1983, an attempt to reform land tenureship was not widespread" (para 1). "Women have difficulty accessing credit from formal banking institutions as they do not own land and other collateral. Women's access to credit is primarily through traditional savings groups; data collection is needed on these groups" (para 5)
Aug. 30, 2017, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"With regards to the Ministry of Gender and Family’s micro credit loan scheme, a total of 60 loans had been disbursed to the women in Male’ since the scheme was initiated in 2000. A further 35 loans will be disbursed to island women by the end of September 2006"
Aug. 30, 2017, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

“In urban areas where many women manage or own businesses or hold management positions in state industries, there is relatively little societal discrimination against women"
Aug. 30, 2017, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

“Women were promoted less frequently than men were and were less likely to own or manage businesses”
Aug. 30, 2017, 5:21 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

“Women were promoted less frequently than men and were less likely to own or manage businesses"
Aug. 30, 2017, 5:18 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Women were promoted less frequently than men and were less likely to own or manage businesses"
Aug. 30, 2017, 5:15 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Women were promoted less frequently than men, and were less likely to own or manage businesses"
Aug. 30, 2017, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Funding provisions to guarantee women’s land transactions. Several projects have been funded under Law 215 of 1992 on female entrepreneurship. However, funding remains limited and procedures are complex and costly. Only 17 percent of the applications under Law 215 obtain access to funds [FAO and Cotula, 2002]"
Aug. 30, 2017, 4:59 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

“Few Sudanese women are land owners, in spite of their significant participation in food production...46.4% of the farms are owned by women. However, when the government introduced the system of farm registration, only 10% of the gardens were registered in women’s names!” (89)
Aug. 30, 2017, 4:54 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Although the law does not specifically prohibit gender discrimination, it provides for protection of women’s rights to equal access to education, employment, and property. Nevertheless, societal pressures and customs, especially in rural areas, inhibited their full exercise of these rights, particularly with respect to marriage and inheritance"
Aug. 30, 2017, 4:52 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The National Women's Movement, the most active women's rights NGO, continued assisting women in launching small home-based businesses, such as sewing and vegetable growing, and provided general legal help. The Women's Business Group advocated for business opportunities for women"
Aug. 30, 2017, 4:45 p.m.
Countries: Suriname
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about the situation of rural women, in particular the indigenous Amerindians and the Maroons, in the coastal plain and in the interior of Suriname, who are disadvantaged by poor infrastructure, limited markets, obstacles in availability and accessibility of agricultural land and agricultural credit" (65)
Aug. 30, 2017, 4:37 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"'Business Development Centres' (İŞGEM) were founded by KOSGEB within the scope of Privatization Social Support Project with the aim of supporting small-scale entrepreneurs and facilitating their course of business establishment and thus improving their means to enlarge their businesses. Among those setting up their own business via İŞGEMs, which enable them to overcome the stage of establishment and to grow further by providing counselling support, access to financial resources, business quarters on favourable terms, common office equipment and office services, 33.18% are women"
Aug. 30, 2017, 4:21 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

The chart shows that percentage of female land and agricultural ownership in 2010 was 27.7%. This data is from Eurostat. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 30, 2017, 4:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

“An FAO study in Syria found the following pattern of ownership among women: land: only 5%” Women's limited control over agricultural resources is a barrier to their access to production credit, equipment and resources” (para 4)
Aug. 30, 2017, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Overall though, women’s land ownership remains very low: in 2006, JICA reported that just 5.3% of agricultural land was owned by women, and that land holdings owned by women were on average smaller than those owned by men"
Aug. 30, 2017, 4 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"With regard to bank loans, mortgages and other forms of financial credit, Spanish women face no restrictions at this time, with the exception of those that apply to all citizens regardless of sex. In 1998 a cooperation agreement was signed with a national bank in order to facilitate soft loans for women wishing to start their own businesses in any field" (96)
Aug. 30, 2017, 4 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The programme called 'De emprendedora a Empresaria' (From Enterprising to Woman Entrepreneur)...are provided to women entrepreneurs and to enterprising women wishing to open a business. It should be pointed out that thanks to this programme, 454 businesses run by women have been created, and approximately 1,400 women have received specialized training, in the period 1996-1997" (72)
Aug. 30, 2017, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Moreover, Law No. 3 of 2007 established joint ownership and that the State must promote new business activities to support economic activities of women in rural areas. However, in practice the effects of the law are very limited...The Instituto de la Mujer (‘Women’s Institute’) has several micro-credit programmes for women. The Convocatoria del Régimen General (‘General Regime’s Call) is one example of government support for promoting women’s entrepreneurship in rural areas. In 2001, 117 programmes were endorsed and 116 in 2002"
Aug. 30, 2017, 3:29 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

“Government officials frequently deny women land grants or housing loans, and prefer to conduct business with a woman's husband or other male relative" (para 37)
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Generally speaking, most of the microcredit institutions’ customers in Haiti are women. These customers work independently (83% women compared to 73% men), mainly in commerce...Access to bank loans is very restricted in Haiti. Generally speaking, women’s living conditions make it impossible for them to fulfil the requirements for such loans. As a result only a few obtain them" (95)
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"The DAI-FINNET database showed in September 2002, for all the microcredit institutions surveyed, that women received more microloans than men (they account for 60% of the clientèle) and that loans averaged 13,500 Gourdes. However the terms for the loans, which carry high interest rates, do not facilitate the social advancement of women nor do they substantially improve their living conditions (DSNCRP 2007)" (98)
Aug. 30, 2017, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"There is limited data available in terms of women’s ownership of property and land in the society in general." This information is from the 2002 Civil Code. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT). "The government reports that women who found businesses, or are active as entrepreneurs, can draw on a system of financial support including low interest lines of credit, subsidised loans and microcredit programmes. It estimates that 56% of self-employed women in the service sector and have taken advantage of these microcredit initiatives, and that women made up 39.2% of all small business loans in 2005." This information is from the 2009 CEDAW. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 30, 2017, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Women can have independent control over their finances and are able to conclude various contracts...At present, no information is available regarding women’s access to bank loans...Women in North Korea are not subject to gender-based discrimination in the realm of financial autonomy" (33)
Aug. 30, 2017, 12:51 p.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"For example, under the 'separation of assets' regime, each spouse remains responsible for his or her own assets. By contrast, under the “joint estate” regime, husbands are the sole administrators of property. This system, which is socially accepted and practised widely, grants women virtually no property rights...Moreover, women are often excluded from the classic banking services because of their low incomes, a practice that effectively denies their legal right to access loans." This information is from CEDAW 2003. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 30, 2017, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Despite the measures taken, the application of article 13 of the CEDAW still faces several difficulties, consisting primarily of women’s lack of full awareness of their entitlement to the family and economic benefits stipulated by legislation. Women also lack knowledge of loan management and investment methods" (298)
Aug. 30, 2017, 11:44 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"Men and women enjoy equal rights to financial services. About 97% of women compared to 98% of men in Austria aged 15 years or older hold bank accounts at a formal financial institution." This information is from the World Bank, 2011. (MLFD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 30, 2017, 10:48 a.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"According to the 2005 official CEDAW report, many women are unaware of their rights and the opportunities available to them as a result of land reform processes that began in the 1990s. Even when they do know their rights, registering a farm is a complex administrative process...Few women apply for loans, however, primarily because they do not understand their rights and the procedures involved"
Aug. 30, 2017, 10:20 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LO-PRACTICE-1

"There is no sign of formal restrictions on women’s access to financial services. The World Bank Development Indicators Database offers some quantitative data on women's access to financial services. In 2011, 97% of men older than 15 had an account at a formal financial institution, compared to 94% of women. Moreover, 17% of women older than 15 received a loan from a financial institution, compared to 23% of men the same age"