The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-DATA-1

Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1

"Rape was a crime, although there were no statistics on rape. There is no explicit discussion of spousal rape in the law, and there have been no recent court cases" (p 75)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:39 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"The mentality of Azerbaijanis does not encourage complaints about marital rape, such complaints are often considered to shame the family. From 2003 to 2004 there was only one complaint of marital rape in the Women’s Crisis Center. Similarly, there was also only one complaint to the Family Crisis Center about marital rape during 2004" (22)
Aug. 31, 2017, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1, DV-DATA-1

"Violence against women and girls in Nicaragua has been described by U.N. Women as a 'national epidemic.' Nearly half of all reported incidents of violence against women take place in the home, mostly rape and domestic violence at the hands of relatives, husbands and boyfriends, according to 2017 government figures" (9-10).
Aug. 30, 2017, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1

"Rape is a crime; however, it was unclear whether spousal rape is illegal. There was no specific information available on the prevalence of rape in the country. The government responded to reports of rape by encouraging the perpetrator to marry the victim" (p 114)
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"when he wants sex, I have to give it to him. I tell him I don’t like it, then he says, ‘if you stay in my house, you have to give it to me’. He grabs me all of a sudden when I am sleeping. Then, he attacks me" (1). This is a quote from a child bride at 9:54 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 9, 2017, 8:04 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"Nearly one-quarter of women surveyed in 2013 reported having had sex with their husband against their will, and according to an earlier UNFPA study, only 2 per cent of women who suffer domestic violence in the country reach out to police, lawyers and other service providers"(para 8)
Aug. 5, 2017, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"However, research conducted by UNICEF found that 19 out of 55 women (35%) had been raped or otherwise sexually abused by their husbands" (22)
Aug. 5, 2017, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1

"On the issue of marital rape, [CRLP/ACAFEJ English version] 'legal opinion in Cameroon appears to be divided, and case law reflects a cautious attitude' (ibid.). According to the Centre for Reproductive Law and Policy (CRLP) and the Association of Women Jurists of Cameroon (Association camerounaise des femmes juristes, ACAFEJ): [CRLP/ACAFEJ English version] Domestic violence – both physical and emotional – is common in Cameroon. This practice is encouraged by judges' acceptance of the principle that a man has 'disciplinary rights' over his wife. Factors leading to violence include a wife's refusal to have sexual relations and a husband's alcoholism" (para 1-3)
Aug. 5, 2017, 9:42 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"Reports had further shown that around 80 % of Afghani women were affected by domestic violence, acts which the authorities saw as legitimate and therefore did not prosecute" (13). This, and considering that women must obey their husbands' sexual demands,suggests that it is likely that marital rape is not uncommon (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 5, 2017, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"According to an old Iranian saying: "Women should sacrifice themselves and tolerate." That's how many if not most women deal with domestic violence. Shala Lahiji is the director of Roshangaran, a prominent publisher of women's books in Tehran. She is an active defender of women's rights and says in many cases, abuse of women is seen as normal" (para 5-6). This, coupled with the fact that marital rape is not illegal in Iran, suggests that marital rape is not uncommon in Iran (MAD - CODER COMMENT). "Women's rights activists say the relatively high number of runaway girls and the rising number of women who commit suicide suggests domestic violence may ...more
March 2, 2017, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1, CL-PRACTICE-1

"She met women who had paid as much as £25,000 in dowry before being abandoned, women raped by their new husbands, some who were used to have a child and then abandoned and others left in India to act as carers and domestic slaves for their in-laws" (para 19).
March 2, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1, DV-DATA-1

"According to a study on domestic violence published Nov. 25 by the Cairo-based Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics: 1.One out of four Egyptian married women are physically abused by their husbands. 2.More than 30% of Egyptian married women have been subjected to physical, sexual or psychological violence at the hands of their husbands. 3.Of married women who reached high school or higher levels of education, 25% are subjected to physical, sexual or psychological abuse. 4.Of married women who did not complete their primary education, 39.5% are abused by their husbands. According to the agency, the rate of violence against women in Upper Egypt is much higher than the ...more
March 1, 2017, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"Peruvians took to the streets en masse to reject violence against women, in what was seen as a major new step in awareness-raising in the country that ranks third in the world in terms of domestic sexual violence" (para 1). "According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), Peru is in second place in Latin America in terms of gender-based killings, and in a multi-country study on sexual intimate partner violence, it ranked third" (para 6).
Jan. 25, 2017, 9:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1, DV-DATA-1

"According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics’ last survey on violence, in 2011, about 37% of women who had been married were subjected to violence at the hands of their husbands. Of those, 58.6% had been verbally and mentally abused at least once; 55.1% had been subjected to economic violence; 54.8% to social violence; 23.5% to physical violence; and 11.8% to sexual violence" (para 7).
Nov. 18, 2016, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"'They [Boko Haram members] married me,' said Hamsatu, 25, a young woman in a black-and-purple head scarf, looking down at the ground. She said she was four months pregnant, that the father was a Boko Haram member and that she had been forced to have sex with other militants who took control of her town.'They chose the ones they wanted to marry,' added Hamsatu, whose full name was not used to protect her identity. 'If anybody shouts, they said they would shoot them.'Women and girls have been given to Boko Haram fighters for 'marriage,' a euphemism for the sexual violence that occurs even when unions are cloaked in religion"(para 3-5)more
Nov. 15, 2016, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"According to a 2014 UN Population Fund study, three out of four women and men between the ages of 18 and 60 claimed they were subjected to some form of domestic violence...and 18 percent of women and 12 percent of men reported their partners sexually abused them" (38).
Nov. 10, 2016, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

"The Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics’ Report on Violence Against Women Survey 2011 stated that 26 percent of women were victims of spousal rape by their current husband at some point in their lives" (23).
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

“Women who are divorced, separated, or widowed are more likely to have experienced sexual violence (15 percent) than currently married women (7 percent) and never-married women (8 percent)” (307). “Among evermarried women, the current husband is the most commonly reported perpetrator of sexual violence (58 percent). The next most common perpetrator is a former husband (22 percent). Among all women, 13 percent have experienced sexual violence perpetrated by a stranger and 10 percent by a friend or acquaintance” (309). “The results show that 14 percent of ever-married women reported having experienced physical violence from their current or most recent husband, 5 percent reported sexual violence, and 19 percent reported emotional ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:55 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

“Women who are divorced, separated, or widowed are more likely to have experienced sexual violence (15 percent) than currently married women (7 percent) and never-married women (8 percent)” (307). “Among evermarried women, the current husband is the most commonly reported perpetrator of sexual violence (58 percent). The next most common perpetrator is a former husband (22 percent). Among all women, 13 percent have experienced sexual violence perpetrated by a stranger and 10 percent by a friend or acquaintance” (309). “The results show that 14 percent of ever-married women reported having experienced physical violence from their current or most recent husband, 5 percent reported sexual violence, and 19 percent reported emotional ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:50 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

“Overall, 39 percent of ever-married women and 9 percent of men age 15-49 report having experienced spousal physical or sexual violence” (xxiv). “Among women and men who have ever experienced spousal violence (physical or sexual), 39 percent and 24 percent, respectively, reported experiencing physical injuries. Forty-four percent of women and 27 percent of men have sought assistance to stop the violence they have experienced” (xxiv). “Overall, 39 percent of ever-married women and 9 percent of men age 15-49 report having experienced spousal physical or sexual violence” (291). “Among women and men who have ever experienced spousal violence (physical or sexual), 39 percent and 24 percent, respectively, reported experiencing physical injuries” ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:47 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

“Women who are divorced, separated, or widowed are more likely to have experienced sexual violence (15 percent) than currently married women (7 percent) and never-married women (8 percent)” (307). “Among evermarried women, the current husband is the most commonly reported perpetrator of sexual violence (58 percent). The next most common perpetrator is a former husband (22 percent). Among all women, 13 percent have experienced sexual violence perpetrated by a stranger and 10 percent by a friend or acquaintance” (309). “The results show that 14 percent of ever-married women reported having experienced physical violence from their current or most recent husband, 5 percent reported sexual violence, and 19 percent reported emotional ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:45 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

“One-fourth of ever-married women age 15-49 reported ever having experienced emotional, physical, and/or sexual violence from their husbands, and seven percent reported having experienced physical or sexual violence in the past 12 months” (185). “Among ever-married women who experienced physical and/or sexual spousal violence in the 12 months before the survey, 65 percent reported experiencing some type of injury” (185). “Among the ever-married women who have experienced sexual violence, 55 percent report their current husbands/partners as perpetrators, while 30 percent report former husbands/partners as the perpetrators” (192). “In the 2008 NDHS, a higher proportion of ever-married women (61 percent) experiencing sexual violence reported the current husband or partner as a ...more
Aug. 12, 2016, 9:52 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-DATA-1

“Marital rape in Lithuania has not yet been recognized as a crime. According to the data, taken from the doctoral thesis, Sexual violence and its effects on woman‘s reproductive health, written in 2004 by a gynaecologist Kornelija Mačiulienė, from 20 % to 50 % of women are raped at home. 35 % of them do not report on this kind of violence, because women are ashamed and prefer suffering alone to public shame or still believe that husbands have their conjugal rights” (1).
Aug. 12, 2016, 9:43 p.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

“Three in five women (60%) who have ever been in a relationship have experienced either physical or sexual violence (or both) by a husband or intimate partner. More than two in three (68%) experienced emotional violence; more than one in four (28%) was subjected to several forms of control by a husband or partner, more than two in three (69%) experienced at least one form of coercive control, and most of these were living with physical and sexual violence. Most women who are subjected to violence by husbands/partners experience multiple forms of violence. For the 42% of women who experienced physical violence, the violent incident has been followed by rape. ...more
Aug. 8, 2016, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-DATA-1

“The institute also says that between 2010 and 2013, 117 rapes were reported – this tallies with police statistics which show an increase in rape and sexual violence on the island… Over seven hundred cases of domestic violence were reported in 2013 alone. The term "domestic violence" refers to acts of violence perpetrated within domestic sphere such as “battering, incest, marital rape.”
July 27, 2016, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

“Eleven percent of women age 15-49 have ever experienced sexual violence; 5 percent in the past 12 months. Nine percent of men age 15-49 have ever experienced sexual violence; 3 percent in the past 12 months” (265). “Half of ever-married women age 15-49 (51 percent) have experienced physical, sexual, or emotional violence committed by a husband or partner; 34 percent of women experienced spousal violence within the past 12 months” (265). “One-third of ever-married men age 15-49 (33 percent) have experienced physical, sexual, or emotional violence at the hands of a wife or partner; 26 percent of men experienced spousal violence in the past 12 months” (265). “Fourteen percent of ...more
June 6, 2016, 3:37 a.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LRCM-DATA-1

A total of 62 per cent did not know that marital rape was a crime in Hungary. Over 15 per cent of the men thought that a husband forcing his wife to have sex was not rape, compared to over 8 per cent of women.
May 23, 2016, 2:19 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-DATA-1

(Turkish Cyprus) Marital rape is even more common than anticipated, because violence in the family has always existed in both communities in Cyprus. Some cases of marital rape consist of attempts by men to have anal sex with their wives against their will. In most cases, men usually act only in accordance with their egocentric feelings and desires, and do not take into consideration the psychological feelings of their wives. Sometimes, men go to such extents, that woman have no other choice but to complain to the police. However, both the police and the members of the family do their best to avoid going to court. The main reason for ...more
May 23, 2016, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-DATA-1

(Greek Cyprus) Perhaps the most common sexual assault is that perpetrated by husbands on their wives. The author has encounter many such cases, including sexual coercion and abuse. If these cases are reported to the police, they are usually covered up and do not go to the courts for fear of shaming the family and destroying its honor. Many times, the police and family members persuade the wife to keep this within the family and not to press charges. Even cases that are reported are often "struck-off" the record after intervention by family members concerned about the probable effect on family ties and honor.