The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-LAW-1

April 22, 2019, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The penal code does not address spousal rape" (p. 23).
April 20, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape, with penalties of six to eight years in prison" (p. 13).
April 20, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape" (p. 11)
April 19, 2019, 10:23 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape" (p. 16).
April 18, 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes the physical abuse of women (including by family members), provides for the prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women, and helps shield abused women from publicity" (P. 13).
April 17, 2019, 9:19 a.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men or women, and the criminal code’s definition of rape may apply to spousal rape, at the judge’s discretion" (p.23).
April 15, 2019, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes all forms of rape of men or women, including spousal rape. The government considers rape a crime of public concern, and the state prosecutes rapists even if victims do not press charges" (p. 23).
April 9, 2019, 7:26 a.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (p. 10).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The law does not explicitly address spousal rape" (p. 9).
April 2, 2019, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is punishable by up to 15 years’ imprisonment" (p. 10).
March 29, 2019, 4:03 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The ACWF reported that approximately one-quarter of the 400,000 divorces registered each year were the result of family violence" (page 51-52) (Coder comment: The document notes that the definition of family violence here includes marital rape - ARR)..
March 21, 2019, 3:11 p.m.
Countries: Hungary
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal. Under the law the definition of rape is based on the use of force or coercion and not on the lack of consent" (34).
March 6, 2019, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-1

"The criminal code criminalizes rape of men or women, including spousal rape" (12).
March 6, 2019, 6:01 a.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"Rape of men and women, including spousal rape, is a crime" (p. 14).
March 5, 2019, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Rape, including marital rape, is a criminal offense, as are most forms of domestic violence. (…) Marital rape does not have a minimum penalty, but the maximum penalty is five years’ imprisonment" (22).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, but as in previous years, the government failed to enforce the law effectively and rape cases were underreported. Penalties for conviction of sexual assault range from three to eight years’ imprisonment. Prosecutors rarely brought rape cases to court. Statistics on the number of cases or convictions during the year were not available. Police generally regarded spousal rape as an administrative offense" (Pg 23-24).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Rape of men or women, including spousal rape, is illegal, and the government prosecuted such cases. A convicted rapist may receive 10 to 30 years in prison" (9).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"A woman who was forced to marry her rapist when she was 11" (para 1). "Her marriage to Tolbert lasted for six years and she ended up with six children by the age of 17. She then filed for divorce" (para 10). She was presumably raped throughout her marriage. Even though she was forced to marry her rapist by the consent of her mother, she was able to leave it once she was mature enough to recognize her options (KYK - CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco

"Physical abuse was legal grounds for divorce, although few women reported such abuse to authorities. Domestic violence mediation generally occurred within the family. Women choosing legal action generally preferred pursuing divorce in family courts rather than criminal prosecutions" (27).
Aug. 10, 2018, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The Committee notes with concern the impact of intersecting forms of discrimination on disadvantaged and marginalized groups of women in the State party. In particular, the Committee is concerned about: (a) The persisting segregation of Roma in separate settlements, including by constructing walls and other physical separations, the limited access of Roma women to land tenure, the reports of frequent violent raids by the police on Roma settlements, resulting in casualties and the displacement of residents, including women and children, and the lack of investigation into the excessive use of force and misconduct by the police; (b) The heightened risk of violence, labour exploitation and racially motivated acts faced by...more
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal, and the law provides the same punishment for a relative, including the spouse, who commits rape as for a nonrelative. Rape victims may act as full legal parties in criminal cases brought against alleged assailants and may seek compensation as part of a court verdict without initiating a separate civil action," (52).
May 30, 2018, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The act of marital rape is not criminalised in Sudanese law, so a husband is allowed to force his wife to have sex against her will" (Para 9).
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The CRC . . . urged the Iranian government to 'to increase the legal age of marriage to 18 years and criminalize marital rape'" (para 2).
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Jihan said her husband abused her from the outset of the marriage...her husband raped her repeatedly. 'He forced me [to have sex], even if I refused.' She said he beat her every few days, once banging her head on the kitchen sink and causing a gash that required stitches"(5). Jihan said she wanted a divorce but her father would not give her the marriage certificate required for the divorce application because he said women didn't get divorced in his family (ENB-Coder Comment)."She [Fatima] said her husband started abusing her after six years of marriage...He also raped her frequently, she said. 'He forced me to have sex with him and do...more
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"While welcoming the recognition of marital rape as a sexual offence, CEDAW noted with concern that, under the Sexual Offences Act, marital rape was recognized as a crime only after the issuance of a decree of divorce, a separation order or a separation agreement, or where the husband was subject to a non-molestation order" (7)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:31 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Although women can invoke articles on assault and battery in the penal code in order to initiate legal action against abusive husbands, the grounds for divorce under the family code do not include marital violence" (1)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"A woman, unless her husband agrees, can obtain a divorce only by petitioning a court on the basis of certain types of harm or prejudice specified in the law. In the process she is likely to face a series of legal and procedural obstacles" (p 29)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:19 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"In another case before the Tirana courts, a woman with two children who was very traumatised by domestic violence had initiated divorce proceedings" (p 209)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:18 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"'Few women are prepared to bring such prosecutions. They are psychologically tired of dealing with the court, and with their problems, and they just don't want to deal with it any more. They have to do all the work to get a divorce or prosecution: the burden lies entirely on the woman in such cases. She has to go to every state structure, there is no help for her in trying to prove such a case. The object of the draft law is to make it easier for her in this process, and to ensure a government response to the perpetrator'" (p 204)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Women are regularly imprisoned for refusing to marry, for running away from their husbands, and for 'adultery' when they are raped" (p 4)