The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-LAW-1

Aug. 31, 2017, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"While welcoming the recognition of marital rape as a sexual offence, CEDAW noted with concern that, under the Sexual Offences Act, marital rape was recognized as a crime only after the issuance of a decree of divorce, a separation order or a separation agreement, or where the husband was subject to a non-molestation order" (7)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:31 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Although women can invoke articles on assault and battery in the penal code in order to initiate legal action against abusive husbands, the grounds for divorce under the family code do not include marital violence" (1)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"A woman, unless her husband agrees, can obtain a divorce only by petitioning a court on the basis of certain types of harm or prejudice specified in the law. In the process she is likely to face a series of legal and procedural obstacles" (p 29)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:19 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"In another case before the Tirana courts, a woman with two children who was very traumatised by domestic violence had initiated divorce proceedings" (p 209)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:18 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"'Few women are prepared to bring such prosecutions. They are psychologically tired of dealing with the court, and with their problems, and they just don't want to deal with it any more. They have to do all the work to get a divorce or prosecution: the burden lies entirely on the woman in such cases. She has to go to every state structure, there is no help for her in trying to prove such a case. The object of the draft law is to make it easier for her in this process, and to ensure a government response to the perpetrator'" (p 204)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:16 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Women are regularly imprisoned for refusing to marry, for running away from their husbands, and for 'adultery' when they are raped" (p 4)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:15 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The issue of marital rape is never considered or reported, since women have no choice in terms of consenting to sexual intercourse with their spouse" (21)
Aug. 3, 2017, 5:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, ATDW-PRACTICE-1, CUST-LAW-1

"According to The Times (U.K.), which received a leaked copy of the law last Friday, the law requires women to grant sex to their husbands every fourth night unless they are ill, restricts a woman to the home unless her husband allows her to leave, legalizes child marriage by setting the marriageable age at first menstruation, and grants child custody rights to fathers and grandfathers before mothers" (para 3)
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"There were no known reports of a woman accusing her husband of rape during the year" (24).
Feb. 10, 2017, 5:18 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"1965 Sweden passes a law against rape in marriage" (4).
Jan. 24, 2017, 11:25 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Islamic courts staffed by male and female officials offered counseling to married couples in domestic violence cases. Officials did not encourage wives to reconcile with flagrantly abusive spouses, and Islamic courts recognized assault as grounds for divorce" (14).
Jan. 4, 2017, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, DMW-PRACTICE-1

“Spousal abuse is technically grounds for divorce, but husbands claimed religious authority to strike their wives. Observers noted that, while judges generally supported a woman’s claim of abuse in court, due to societal and familial pressure, as well as fears of violence such as honor killings, few women sought legal remedies” (29).
Dec. 9, 2016, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Although no specific statute defines spousal rape as illegal, the Supreme Court acknowledged marital rape as illegal in 2013" (15).
Nov. 8, 2016, 10:25 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Upon release from detention or checkpoints, and after house raids, women are often alienated from their families and viewed as “unfit” for marriage, and in some instances divorced or killed, because family members believe they were raped. The fear of sexual violence and its consequences is also a trigger in the displacement of many families" (2).
Sept. 23, 2016, 8:52 a.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, ATDW-LAW-5

"Article 375. Rape. (1) Any man who penetrates the vagina of a woman with his penis —(a) without her consent; or (b) with or without her consent, when she is under 14 years of age, shall be guilty of an offence…(4) No man shall be guilty of an offence under subsection (1) against his wife, who is not under 13 years of age, except where at the time of the offence: (a) his wife was living apart from him — (i) under an interim judgment of divorce not made final or a decree nisi for divorce not made absolute; (ii) under an interim judgment of nullity not made final or ...more
Aug. 23, 2016, 8:29 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, on the other hand, is widely overlooked. Rarely acted upon unless the victim dies, even then the crime is not treated as murder, and the minimum sentence is only five years—less than the domestic violence cases that lead to death, because rape is considered a sexual violation rather than a violent act. Because of the stigma of public confrontations, rape is rarely reported. Spousal rape is not specifically recognized as a crime" (1085-1086)
July 27, 2016, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

“Rape is illegal, but the law does not protect against spousal rape, except if the couple is separating, in the process of divorce, or if there is a restraining order in place. The maximum penalty for an initial rape conviction is seven years; the maximum for subsequent rape convictions is life imprisonment. In practice, however, the maximum sentence was 14 years’ imprisonment” (13).
July 26, 2016, 9:53 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Marital rape is included in the Sexual Offenses Act only for cases of legal separation. However, the Bureau of Gender Affairs submitted proposed amendments in 2013 which are currently before Cabinet for consideration which extend the definition of rape to include de facto separation" (9)
June 7, 2016, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

Further, the occurrence of marital rape during cohabitation is not a ground for divorce. Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act 1955, section 27 of the Special Marriage Act 1954 and section 10 of the Indian Divorce Act 1869 lay down the grounds based on which the wife can present a petition for divorce in the relevant Court of law, cruelty being one of them. It is true that marital rape can come under the scope of cruelty if it has been accompanied by physical abuse, but if the case involved rape by the husband wherein the consent was obtained by the threat of hurt, which in a non-marital relationship ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

""Rape is sufficient grounds for divorce. 1) Divorce is not illegal in Ukraine. People are free to divorce whomever they wish. If a man wished to divorce his wife because another man raped her, he could freely do so. It would be possibly be encouraged, since the women are not always seen as blameless in most rape situations. They are often told they asked for it, and not defended well here. It is shameful to talk about. 2) A woman could also freely divorce her husband if he raped her, but it is unlikely that she would do so. Most domestic violence situations in Ukraine go unreported. Law enforcement often ...more
Jan. 14, 2016, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The authorities in Bahrain offer women no protection from their sexually abusive husbands. Only in cases of physical injury will the courts grant a divorce. For those who bear no physical marks, victims of sexual abuse feel helpless, as marital rape is not penalized Bahrain" (7).
Aug. 17, 2015, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"The Committee is concerned about: 1) The existence of discriminatory provisions in the 1987 Family Code, including on the need for women to gain authorization from their husband for any legal act (arts. 448-450); the husband being the head of the household (art. 353); the choice of the place of residence resting with the husband (art. 454); the application of a broader definition of adultery to women than to men (art. 467); the woman’s duty to obey her husband (art. 444)" (12-13)
July 31, 2015, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

“Divorce, which is the termination of marriage, is available to both husband and wife on three grounds which include adultery, desertion and cruelty. This is provided for by Section 5 (a), (b) and (c) of The Matrimonial Causes Act, Cap 102 of The Laws of Sierra Leone, 1960. Section 5 (c) gives women alone (not men) additional grounds to petition for divorce which include the husband being guilty of rape, sodomy or bestiality. Section 5 (c) provides as follows ‘… and by the wife on the ground that her husband has, since the celebration of the marriage, been guilty of rape, sodomy or bestiality.’ This additional provision puts women on ...more
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"A woman cannot ask for divorce. I have never heard of any cases of women who asked for divorces. Divorce depends on the man".
April 28, 2015, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"There is no law on marital rape. A man cannot rape his wife under Sierra Leone laws, it does not exist" (para 18)
April 24, 2015, 9:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"Marital rape is an especially tricky issue. According to the law, a husband can be a perpetrator of rape: marital rape is illegal. In practice, the courts have not convicted a single person of this crime in a so-called 'normal' marriage. The courts have convicted some men of marital rape during the divorce process (when the couple is separated) or in cases of forced marriage. However, we know that in so-called 'normal' marriages there are many of these cases. It is kind of a controversial issue. There is a low level of public discussion, and also a division of opinion - some say it is a crime, others say it ...more
Nov. 12, 2014, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"A fourth bill, the Domestic Violence Bill, 2007, to repeal the old Domestic Violence Act, provides for greater protection for victims of domestic violence. This comprehensive bill not only covers the regular fisticuffs and vicious attacks against women and children (primarily), it also covers ... poisoning your spouse, cruelty to children, and marital rape (forcing sex on your wife)" (para. 13).
Nov. 6, 2014, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

"46. Every person who commits rape or marital rape shall on conviction on indictment be imprisoned for a term which shall not be less than eight years but which may extend to imprisonment for life” (page 57). “65.-(1) Where a person is convicted on more than one occasion of a sexual offence as defined in subsection (2) below, the court shall, in addition to the penalties prescribed for such offence, order that such person - (a) undergo mandatory counselling and receive such medical or psychiatric treatment as the court may consider appropriate having regard to the facts of the case; and (b) shall not change his residence without prior notification ...more
Jan. 19, 2013, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1

“Although there is no specific statute that defines spousal rape as illegal, the courts have established a precedent by convicting spouses in such cases” (13)
Sept. 25, 2012, 11:21 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-DATA-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"In Guinea, 60 percent of women found it permissible to be beaten for refusing to have sex with their spouses" (83)