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Latest items for LRCM-LAW-2

Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"In particular we mention addition of new definitions in the Criminal Code by Law no.167, such as: rape, committed against a family member (Article 171(2) b2), violent actions of sexual nature, committed against a family member (Article 172(2) b2), be punished by imprisonment from 5 to 12 years. Article 2011 Domestic Violence was added to the Criminal Code. By adopting these provisions the state recognizes the criminal nature of domestic crimes" (Pg 14).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee remains concerned about...the obligation imposed on a woman to obey her husband, including sexually" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"In addition, that legislation places coercion of a wife outside the scope of criminalization. In other words, it permits marital rape" (11). "However, the draft’s provisions still exclude marital rape from the scope of criminalization, except in cases of intercourse that goes against nature without the wife’s consent. In such cases, the husband is penalized by imprisonment or a fine" (11).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"For a description of the special types of crime called gross violation of integrity and gross violation of a woman’s integrity, see Sweden’s fifth report. Violation of integrity crimes have recently been evaluated. The investigation shows that the introduction of these crimes led to a general increase in the penal value of repeat offending in close relationships. On 1 July 2013 the minimum penalty for these crimes was increased and the scope of their application was widened in order to further strengthen the protection in penal law against repeated violations by closely related persons. Today violation of integrity crimes cover various types of violent crimes, crimes against liberty and peace, ...more
Feb. 2, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (8).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee is […] concerned that Law No. 061-2015/CNT on preventing violence against women and girls is not fully operational and there is no timeline for […] amending article 14(2) which fails to criminalize marital rape unless it is committed repeatedly or when a partner is physically unable to engage in sexual intercourse, and which is only sanctioned with a fine," (5).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The absence of specific legislation to eliminate gender-based violence against women in all settings, including a definition of such violence, and to criminalize marital rape" (Pg 8).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred" (34-35).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, LRCM-LAW-2, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the existence of a bill to combat domestic violence (on which drafting began in 2007) and the assurances given by the State party’s delegation that it is currently under consideration by the chambers of the parliament. Nevertheless, the Committee is deeply concerned about the slow process of adopting specific legislation that would eliminate violence against women in all settings and include a definition of violence and provisions on remedies and sanctions. The Committee reiterates its concern that several provisions of the Penal Code condone acts of violence against women by exempting perpetrators from punishment. In particular, it regrets that the Penal Code excludes marital rape, that article ...more
Jan. 9, 2018, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal and punishable by 12 to 20 years of imprisonment, but the law does not address spousal rape" (para 6).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"In 2015, Amnesty International called on the Tunisian government to pass laws recognizing martial rape" (para 4).
Dec. 28, 2017, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"A great majority of the child marriages involve girls and adult men. Such a sexual relationship would often violate statutory rape laws, but marriage sometimes makes it legal" (para 10).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with prison terms of five to 10 years, or eight to 10 years under aggravating circumstances, such as use of a weapon"(16)
Dec. 20, 2017, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes marital rape, ends impunity for rapists who marry their victims and also criminalizes sexual harassment, with either imprisonment or financial penalty as the consequence. The penalty for these transgressions largely appears to be imprisonment for differing degrees of time (with increased severity if the victim is a family member), rather than a protective measure, such as a restraining order" (para 4).
Dec. 20, 2017, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"While the bill includes protective measures, such as removing abusers from the home and forbidding contact with the victim, it does not address other aspects of spousal abuse, such as marital rape" (para 10).
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The marriage will be observed for five years and if there is no physical violence then there will be no punishment" (para 5) (Coder comment: If marital rape is not considered physical violence, it will not be prosecuted - ARR).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Iranian laws that oblige women to provide sex to their husband at demand, legalise, promote and are sexual violence" (para 6). "Article 1105 of the Civil Code of Iran states: ‘In relations between husband and wife; the position of the head of the family is the exclusive right of the husband'" (para 6). "This includes Article 1108 of the Civil Code, which states: ‘If the wife refuses to fulfil the duties of a wife without legitimate excuse, she will not be entitled to the cost of maintenance'" (para 6).
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Human Rights Watch urged the Moroccan government to improve these pending bills...The bills should... criminalize rape by a spouse"(3)."Human Rights Watch recommended...The bills should clearly define 'domestic violence,' and criminalize marital rape. In line with UN standards, it should include former spouses and individuals in non-marital intimate relationships, among other categories, as well as married cohabiting spouses"(10)
Oct. 20, 2017, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, AOM-LAW-1

"Yemeni law does not set a legal age for marriage, nor does it criminalize marital rape" (para 11).
Oct. 19, 2017, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Marital rape is not a crime in India and the government has said its criminalisation could destabalise marriages and make men vulnerable to harassment by their wives" (para 4).
Oct. 10, 2017, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Domestic violence was only made illegal in 2015, though the legislation failed to cover sex crimes. Marital rape is still legal" (para 9).
Sept. 28, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"From Lebanon where a rapist can escape punishment if he marries his victim to India where rape within marriage is legal, bad laws are underpinning a global 'epidemic of sexual violence', legal experts said on Monday" (para 1).
Sept. 28, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Ghana, Lesotho, Oman, Singapore, Sri Lanka
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Marital rape is permitted by law in at least 10 of the countries studied by campaign group Equality Now, including Ghana, Lesotho, Oman, Singapore and Sri Lanka" (para 3).
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 31, 2017, 9 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Spousal rape and domestic abuse are not recognized as separate crimes. A case of spousal rape could be prosecuted as 'rape,' 'causing injury,' or 'indecent assault,' but such charges were rare" (p 161)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee further notes the ongoing efforts at the State level to reform its legislation, policies and procedures in order to ensure better protection of human rights, including the right not to be subjected to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, in particular the adoption of: ...The Law on Prevention of Domestic Violence Protection of Victims, in 2005, including criminalization of marital rape" (2)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, which is punishable by up to 20 years' imprisonment, but does not specifically prohibit spousal rape" (p 129)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape is a crime. Although there were prosecutions during the reporting period; no official statistics were available on the number of rapes during the year. Article 417 of the Penal Code punishes rape with five to 10 years' imprisonment. Human rights associations reported that rape occurs frequently. There is no explicit mention of spousal rape in the law, and there have been no recent court cases" (p 60)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:52 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1

"Rape was a crime, although there were no statistics on rape. There is no explicit discussion of spousal rape in the law, and there have been no recent court cases" (p 75)