The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-LAW-2

May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
April 26, 2018, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Norway

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law" (10).
April 25, 2018, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Norway

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law" (10).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits using or threatening violence against women or taking advantage of a person who cannot act in self-defense. It also criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (38).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Amendments to the Criminal Code (Laws No. 44/2013 and No. 23/2012) criminalizing domestic violence, marital rape, sexual abuse and harassment, forced marriage and other forms of gender-based violence" (Pg 2). "The Committee commends the State party on its efforts to combat gender-based violence against women, inter alia by amending the Criminal Code to criminalize gender-based violence and marital rape and conducting public awareness campaigns" (Pg 6).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"marital rape is not criminalized" (Pg 5).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal

". . . Furthermore, the Committee is concerned that marital rape is rarely prosecuted as a specific crime, in most cases being prosecuted as a form of domestic violence. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Take the measures necessary to adequately address sexual violence in its laws and policies and to ensure that all forms of non-consensual sexual acts are included in the definition of rape under the Penal Code; (b) Establish crisis centres and emergency services for victims of rape and raise the awareness of hospital staff and police officers about the assistance required in such cases, as well as establish standard protocols dealing with victims of...more
April 4, 2018, 4:40 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"[The Committee] is concerned about: ...The absence of legal provisions explicitly criminalizing marital rape..." (5).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Law against Domestic Violence (Law No. 7/2010) of 3 May 2010 which criminalizes domestic violence, including sexual violence, 'even within a marriage'" (2). "The absence of legal provisions specifically criminalizing marital rape" (5).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee is concerned: (a) That there is no legislation specifically criminalizing violence against women, in particular child and/or forced marriage and marital rape, and that there is no comprehensive policy framework to address such violence; (b) That gender-based violence against women in the domestic sphere is not considered by courts in child custody or visitation decisions, thus forcing women to continue to face their abusers, and risking further exposing their children to violence; (c) That domestic and sexual violence appear to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity; (d) That cases of violence against women continue to be underreported, owing to an apparent lack...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Similarly, Islamic defenders of the practice of child marriage point out that it is, like all Muslim marriages, a two-part process: a marriage contract is first completed and accepted, and at some subsequent, unspecified time, the consummation of the marriage takes place. The implication here is that the age of the girlchild might be as young as 13 years (solar calendar) or 9 years and 8 months (lunar calendar) old, but this is not necessarily the age of consummation of the marriage: this was the format followed by the Prophet Muhammad in his marriage to 6-year old Aisha. However, there is no particular intervention or monitoring specified to make sure...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the measures adopted to address violence against women, including the adoption of the above-mentioned Law No. 99-05 of 29 January 1999 and of Ministerial Decree No. 10545 of 10 December 2008 establishing a review committee on violence against women. The Committee also welcomes the establishment of listening centres for women who are victims of violence. It remains concerned, however, about: (a) The increase in the rate of sexual violence against women, including rape; (b) The persistence of domestic violence and the limited number of cases of domestic violence reported owing to women’s fear of reporting them because of the potential consequences for their family life, as well...more
March 14, 2018, 3:42 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee remains concerned, however, at...The absence in the State party of a comprehensive law on violence against women and its failure to criminalize marital rape" (8).
March 8, 2018, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law also does not criminalize marital rape" (para 24).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DSFMF-LAW-1

"The federal penal code (CPF) considers: i) the crime of rape and its punishment, including statutory rape, marital rape, and rape of concubines. ii) it does not include injuries, nor "honor" killings, nor the crime of adultery; no federal entity classifies honor killings, and only Jalisco and Durango classify adultery" (page 6).
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Although the act of sexual intercourse without the consent of the wife is by itself not a crime under the existing law, where such an act involves violence to such a degree that the violence amounts to a crime, the act of violence is punishable under the Penal Code. In such an event, relief can also be sought under the Prevention of Domestic Violence Act (DV Act)" (11).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"In particular we mention addition of new definitions in the Criminal Code by Law no.167, such as: rape, committed against a family member (Article 171(2) b2), violent actions of sexual nature, committed against a family member (Article 172(2) b2), be punished by imprisonment from 5 to 12 years. Article 2011 Domestic Violence was added to the Criminal Code. By adopting these provisions the state recognizes the criminal nature of domestic crimes" (Pg 14).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee remains concerned about...the obligation imposed on a woman to obey her husband, including sexually" (17).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"In addition, that legislation places coercion of a wife outside the scope of criminalization. In other words, it permits marital rape" (11). "However, the draft’s provisions still exclude marital rape from the scope of criminalization, except in cases of intercourse that goes against nature without the wife’s consent. In such cases, the husband is penalized by imprisonment or a fine" (11).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"For a description of the special types of crime called gross violation of integrity and gross violation of a woman’s integrity, see Sweden’s fifth report. Violation of integrity crimes have recently been evaluated. The investigation shows that the introduction of these crimes led to a general increase in the penal value of repeat offending in close relationships. On 1 July 2013 the minimum penalty for these crimes was increased and the scope of their application was widened in order to further strengthen the protection in penal law against repeated violations by closely related persons. Today violation of integrity crimes cover various types of violent crimes, crimes against liberty and peace,...more
Feb. 2, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (8).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee is […] concerned that Law No. 061-2015/CNT on preventing violence against women and girls is not fully operational and there is no timeline for […] amending article 14(2) which fails to criminalize marital rape unless it is committed repeatedly or when a partner is physically unable to engage in sexual intercourse, and which is only sanctioned with a fine," (5).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The absence of specific legislation to eliminate gender-based violence against women in all settings, including a definition of such violence, and to criminalize marital rape" (Pg 8).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred" (34-35).
Jan. 20, 2018, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain

"The Committee notes the existence of a bill to combat domestic violence (on which drafting began in 2007) and the assurances given by the State party’s delegation that it is currently under consideration by the chambers of the parliament. Nevertheless, the Committee is deeply concerned about the slow process of adopting specific legislation that would eliminate violence against women in all settings and include a definition of violence and provisions on remedies and sanctions. The Committee reiterates its concern that several provisions of the Penal Code condone acts of violence against women by exempting perpetrators from punishment. In particular, it regrets that the Penal Code excludes marital rape, that article...more
Jan. 9, 2018, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal and punishable by 12 to 20 years of imprisonment, but the law does not address spousal rape" (para 6).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"In 2015, Amnesty International called on the Tunisian government to pass laws recognizing martial rape" (para 4).
Dec. 28, 2017, 4:10 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"A great majority of the child marriages involve girls and adult men. Such a sexual relationship would often violate statutory rape laws, but marriage sometimes makes it legal" (para 10).