The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-LAW-2

Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The article stipulating that prosecution for criminal acts of rape or sexual intercourse with a helpless person shall be taken by a private action, if that act is done to a spouse, has been erased. Taking into account the recommendations of international and non-governmental organizations, the reason for this change is the fact that that provision put into unequal position a spouse who is a victim of these criminal acts in relation to the other victims" (page 12).
Aug. 6, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

“marital rape is not specifically criminalized in the Penal Code” (6)
Aug. 3, 2018, 9:20 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to life imprisonment, but the courts often imposed considerably shorter sentences" (13).
Aug. 3, 2018, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, making it punishable by a prison term of eight to 14 years" (30).
Aug. 3, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"While the law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, the law was not effectively enforced, and rape remained a widespread problem" (31).
Aug. 1, 2018, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Spousal rape is not illegal" (37).
July 26, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape but does not address spousal rape" (16).
July 24, 2018, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, spousal rape, and domestic violence" (15).
July 24, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law provides for life imprisonment for persons convicted of rape, including spousal rape during periods of legal separation" (20).
July 23, 2018, 11:52 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Although rape is a crime with a maximum penalty of life imprisonment, the law does not specifically cite spousal rape" (10).
July 23, 2018, 11:04 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The penal code does not address spousal rape" (21).
July 20, 2018, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, but not spousal rape" (15).
July 19, 2018, 6:24 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape but does not explicitly address spousal rape. The courts may use a law against 'forced sex with a materially dependent person' as grounds to prosecute spousal rape. Under the law authorities can detain a person for up to five days for offenses related to domestic violence and spousal abuse" (38). "While the law prohibits coercing a “materially dependent person” to have sexual intercourse, legal experts stated that safeguards against harassment were inadequate" (40).
July 19, 2018, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"...spousal rape is not a crime" (23).
July 19, 2018, 12:55 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"No law specifically prohibits spousal rape, which authorities do not commonly recognize or prosecute" (16).
July 18, 2018, 8:36 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal" (24).
July 18, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Marriage, Divorce, and Family Relations Act enacted in April explicitly introduced the concept of spousal rape, but the act does not prescribe specific penalties and only applies to legally separated spouses. Spousal rape may be prosecuted under the rape provisions of the penal code." (15).
July 17, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence, but it was not effectively enforced" (14).
July 17, 2018, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The victim’s compensation depends on the degree of mental and physical abuse. In October the president signed into law the Bill to Amend Some Nepal Acts to Maintain Gender Equality and End Gender-Based Violence, which increased the sentence for marital rape from three to six months’ imprisonment to three to five years’ imprisonment" (25-26).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee remains concerned, however, about: . . . the lack of legal recognition of certain forms of violence against women, including femicide and marital rape" (page 7).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"In 2012, proposals were made by CNCLVD and the Integral System of Protection of Childhood and Adolescence against Violence (SIPIAV) for a draft study on the Code of Criminal Procedure and the Penal Code, which contained a proposal to penalize rape in marriage or cohabitation with or without a judicial declaration, as well as advances regarding domestic violence, sexual harassment and sexual abuse, while constraints based on gender stereotypes were to be eliminated in criminal matters. The draft Penal Code was tabled in the House of Representatives in December 2014, but as a result of strong institutional pressure and representations by feminist and women’s organizations, it was decided to refer...more
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee expresses deep concern about: . . . (c) The lack of specific provisions on domestic violence, including marital rape, in the Penal Code" (page 7).
June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes spousal rape only under the following conditions: when spouses have separated or begun proceedings to dissolve the marriage; when the husband is under a court order not to molest or cohabit with his wife; or when the husband knows he suffers from a sexually transmitted infection" (11).
June 26, 2018, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Laws against spousal rape were inadequate…" (1). "In the 2013 edition of its publication Barometer of Rape in Europe, the international NGO European Women’s Lobby criticized the absence of a law specifically criminalizing marital rape; the absence of statistics about the incidence of spousal rape made it difficult to determine how common this form of domestic violence was" (13).
June 25, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (7).
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a statutory offense" (14).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal but remained a serious and pervasive problem" (30).
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved, since the consideration in 2006 of the fifth periodic report of the State party (CEDAW/C/THA/CO/5), in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following: … Criminal Code Amendment Acts, in 2007, inter alia, to criminalize marital rape and broaden the definition of rape and sexual assault..." (1-2).
June 14, 2018, 5:52 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence are illegal, and the government enforced the law effectively" (10).
June 7, 2018, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence" (9).