The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-LAW-2

Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, but there is no provision criminalizing spousal rape" (para 54).
Feb. 14, 2019, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape in general but does not include separate provisions on marital rape" (35).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape and provides a penalty of five to 20 years’ imprisonment for offenders, but the government did not enforce the law effectively. Rape was a widespread problem. . . . No law specifically prohibits spousal rape, but law enforcement officials stated criminal laws against rape apply to spousal rape" (page 20).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape. In April 2014 parliament passed legislation for the...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. Rape convictions carry a minimum sentence of 10 years’ imprisonment. When informed, police and the judiciary generally enforced the law promptly and effectively; nevertheless, sexual assault and rape were commonplace" (Pg 16).
Feb. 4, 2019, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape or forcible sexual assault and establishes penalties for violations ranging from three years to life in prison. The law also criminalizes spousal rape" (Pg 28).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and provides penalties of up to 10 years in prison for rape or sexual assault. If the victim is a minor under age 18, the sentences range from three years to 15 years in prison" (page 21).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the absence of legislation criminalizing all forms of gender-based violence against women, such as kidnapping, marital rape and sexual harassment" (pg. 7).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro, Papua New Guinea, Serbia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"[In] India, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Serbia and Montenegro, Tonga –Marital rape is now a crime" (para 13).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Forced sex within marriage means any act by a husband to have sexual intercourse with his wife by using force, coercion, threats when the wife does not want to have sex or is in situation when she is not ready to have sex….Article 79 stipulates that any individual who forces his own wife to have sex will be imprisoned from three months to one year or punished without deprivation of liberty and will be fined from 300,000 Kip to 1,000,000 Kip. In cases where forced sex caused serious injury the punishment will be one year to five years imprisonment and will be fined from 1,000,000 Kip to 5,000,000 Kip. The...more
Jan. 4, 2019, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"[In] India, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Serbia and Montenegro, Tonga –Marital rape is now a crime" (para 13). "Malaysia added a new provision in 2007 to the Penal Code which criminalizes a husband who 'causes hurt or fear of death or hurt to his wife' in order to have sex with her, which is a positive step toward addressing marital rape. However, it did not delete the exception for 'sexual intercourse by a man with his own wife' in the provision on rape and does not criminalize the act of rape itself committed by a man against his wife. This does not afford women full protection against marital rape" (para...more
Jan. 4, 2019, 9:49 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"[In] India, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Serbia and Montenegro, Tonga –Marital rape is now a crime" (para 13). "Although India’s domestic violence law of 2006 gives women the option to bring a civil case for marital rape, India continues to exempt marital rape from its criminal law" (para 26). "On 11 October, 2017, the Indian Supreme Court ruled that part of the Indian Penal Code which excused marital rape of minors between the ages of 15-18, was unconstitutional. Going forward, a man will be considered guilty of rape if he has intercourse with a wife who is under the age of 18. However, the exception for marital rape of adult...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Although prohibited by law, rape, including spousal rape, remained a serious problem. The government generally enforced the law against rape. The penal code does not address spousal rape" (page 16).
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law excludes marital rape if the female is above 13" (25).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Spousal rape is implicitly covered by the gender-based violence law; penalties for conviction range from one to five years’ imprisonment" (10).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of imprisonment for attempted sexual violation from two to 10 years, and for rape or actual sexual violation for not less than 12 years . . . Spousal rape is a criminal offense, and the law also provides criminal penalties for crimes such as assault, wrongful imprisonment, or threats. Despite these measures, the number of killings and other forms of violence against women remained high" (page 54, 56).
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Spousal rape is illegal and prosecuted as a misdemeanor" (13).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"Burma has an inadequate legal framework to protect female victims of violence. Since the transition to a quasi-civilian government in 2011, the Government has promised to enact a comprehensive PoVAW Law. No PoVAW Law has been passed, though for years draft laws have circulated within the Government. No draft law has been made available publicly for comment and the failure to prioritize passage of protections for women encourages repeat offenders, and deprives victims of confidence in the legal system. This failure is notable since the Government has amended, passed or revoked approximately 200 laws since 2011, including legislation to protect foreign investors and to curtail women’s rights to choose a...more
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape but does not specifically address spousal rape" (para 107)
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Marital rape is not criminalized" (7).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape. The punishment for rape, including spousal rape, ranges from three to 15 years’ imprisonment" (page 27).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, which is punishable by five to 10 years’ imprisonment. . . . The law does not address spousal rape" (page 14).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Spousal rape is not a crime unless the wife is younger than 13 years" (37-38).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law considers sex within marriage consensual by definition and, therefore, does not address spousal rape, including in cases of forced marriage" (para 147)
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Marital rape is not a specific criminal offence under the penal code, but is covered under 'forcing sexual intercourse' in legislation on domestic violence and can be punished with criminal penalties" (para 144)
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape was a serious and pervasive societal problem. The law criminalizes all forms of rape, including spousal rape" (para 100)
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law did not always adequately protect rape victims. The law criminalizes rape (but not spousal rape) and permits a maximum sentence of life imprisonment if the victim dies" (para 234). "The law in the IKR makes domestic violence, including physical and psychological abuse, threats of violence, and spousal rape, a crime" (para 241)
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Sudanese law allows children to be married from the age of ten, and marital rape is not a crime" (para 15).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Laws that came into effect in 2014 regarding sexual harassment and sexual offenses criminalized spousal rape and gender discrimination in workplaces, including in educational institutions and service providers such as hospitals" (17).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal" (24).