The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-LAW-2

Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRW-LAW-3, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality. The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (page 39).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not recognize spousal rape as a crime" (40).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically define spousal rape, but the criminal code covers spousal rape and spousal sexual violence under the crime of rape and sexual violence" (p.14).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of women but not spousal rape" (p. 14).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not address spousal rape" (p. 16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically address spousal rape" (page 15).
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides penalties for conviction of two to 12 years in prison" (p. 8).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of two to 10 years’ imprisonment for conviction of attempted sexual violation and at least 12 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape or sexual violation . . . The law covers all women and requires police and local authorities to grant various levels of protection and support services to survivors of violence or those at risk of violence. It also requires government services, such as shelter and temporary financial support, for victims and provides for family courts to impose sanctions on perpetrators. According to press reports, as of September 11, the MOFSP reported 300 women changed their identities...more
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"In July parliament passed the new criminal code that will not come into effect until 2018. In the meantime the existing law requires prison sentences for rape that vary between five and 15 years depending on the victim’s age. The law also mandates five years’ additional imprisonment in the case of gang rape, rape of pregnant women, or rape of a woman with disabilities. The victim’s compensation depends on the degree of mental and physical abuse. Under the 2015 Act to Amend Some Nepal Acts to Maintain Gender Equality and End Gender-Based Violence, the sentence for marital rape is three to five years’ imprisonment and the statute of limitations for...more
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The legal definition of rape covers only forced penetration of sexual organs, and filing a case requires corroboration and a witness. Rape is punishable by four to 14 years in prison. While the government imprisoned perpetrators of rape and attempted rape, sentences were often light, and many convicted rapists received the minimum sentence. Marital rape is not a specific criminal offense under the penal code, but it is covered under 'forced sexual intercourse' in national legislation on domestic violence, and it can be punished with criminal penalties. Reliable nationwide statistics on the incidence of rape continued to be unavailable, although in June 2016, the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment announced the...more
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee remains concerned about… The lack of legislative reforms made since the previous review, in 2011, to effectively criminalize… marital rape and ensure that the definition of rape includes any non consensual sexual act" (5).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal, although the government did not always enforce the law effectively. The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred. The law specifies penalties for conviction of rape or forcible sexual assault ranging from four years’ imprisonment to the death penalty as well as fines" (page 28).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Spousal rape is not illegal and was widespread;, police generally considered it a domestic issue outside its jurisdiction" (p. 12).
July 14, 2019, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not expressly address spousal rape" (p. 28).
July 14, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not criminalize spousal rape and explicitly states that sexual intercourse by a man with his wife is not rape, as long as she is not younger than 14 years (15 years if she is ethnic Chinese)" (p. 15).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime punishable by imprisonment ranging from 15 years to life" (p. 17).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, with penalties of up to 30 years’ imprisonment" (p. 34).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not specifically criminalize spousal rape" (p. 18).
July 11, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Estonia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and physical abuse, including domestic violence. The penalty for rape, including spousal rape, is imprisonment for up to 15 years" (p. 9).
July 11, 2019, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Marital rape is not criminalized in the State party unless the victim is a child bride under 13 years of age" (5).
July 9, 2019, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is punishable by up to 40 years in prison. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (page 22).
July 9, 2019, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The Anti-Gender-based Violence Act of 2010 criminalizes spousal rape, and the penal code criminalizes domestic violence between spouses and among family members living in one home. The law provides for prosecution of most GBV crimes, and penalties for conviction of assault range from a fine to 25 years in prison, depending on the severity of injury and whether a weapon was used during the assault. The law requires medical reports prepared by certified practitioners for the prosecution of cases of violence against women (and also against men), but there were few certified practitioners in rural areas. The law provides for protection orders for victims of domestic and gender violence, and...more
July 8, 2019, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, which is punishable by life imprisonment or the death penalty. The penal code defines rape as “unlawful carnal knowledge of a woman or a girl.” Men accused of raping men are tried under section 145(a) of the penal code that prohibits “carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature.” The law also criminalizes domestic violence and provides up to two years’ imprisonment for conviction" (Pg 26).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not address spousal rape" (page 14).
July 7, 2019, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"Rape, including marital rape, is a criminal offense, as are most forms of domestic violence" (p. 23)
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence" (p. 14).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The punishment for rape, including spousal rape, ranges from three to 15 years’ imprisonment" (p. 32).
July 3, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime. Penalties for rape and assault depend on the age of the victim. For rape of an adult, the prison term is three to 10 years. The law includes provisions on sexual assault and sexual harassment and makes the criminalization of spousal rape explicit" (page 17).
July 2, 2019, 7:58 a.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The maximum penalty for rape, regardless of gender, including spousal rape, is 15 years in prison" (P. 19).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not address spousal rape" (p. 29).