The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-PRACTICE-1

April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the establishment of a special police unit to prevent domestic violence and crimes against children, the Committee is concerned that there is only one State-run shelter for victims of violence" (Pg 5).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal

". . . Furthermore, the Committee is concerned that marital rape is rarely prosecuted as a specific crime, in most cases being prosecuted as a form of domestic violence. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Take the measures necessary to adequately address sexual violence in its laws and policies and to ensure that all forms of non-consensual sexual acts are included in the definition of rape under the Penal Code; (b) Establish crisis centres and emergency services for victims of rape and raise the awareness of hospital staff and police officers about the assistance required in such cases, as well as establish standard protocols dealing with victims of ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran

"Child brides who seek family or legal protections from sexual abuse by husbands—often much older than themselves—seldom see redress of their circumstances, and often wind up being treated harshly by the courts," (3).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso

"The Committee draws attention to the link between women’s low status within the family and society, their lower educational attainment, higher rates of poverty, and the high levels of gender-based violence perpetrated against them, in particular, sexual and domestic violence. It remains concerned that such violence appears to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity and that victims have limited means of assistance, protection or redress," (5).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred. Police arrested suspects in 60 percent of cases from January to mid-September" (34-35).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Nonetheless, the Committee is concerned about the institutional, procedural and practical barriers faced by women in gaining access to justice, such as...Women’s limited access to information about their rights under the Convention, as well as about legal remedies available to women who are victims of gender-based violence, including marital rape" (4-5).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with prison terms of five to 10 years, or eight to 10 years under aggravating circumstances, such as use of a weapon. The government generally implemented criminal aspects of the law better than protection aspects of the law"(16)."NGOs reported that many women were reluctant to report rapes due to fear of retaliation, inadequate response, and social stigma"(16)
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"This includes Article 1108 of the Civil Code, which states: ‘If the wife refuses to fulfil the duties of a wife without legitimate excuse, she will not be entitled to the cost of maintenance.’ Supported by this law, men can resort to violence to force women to satisfy their sexual urges. This enforcement measure can be a powerful protection for men who consider rape as their legal right and engage in sexual violence against their own wife. Furthermore, in many cases a wife’s refusal to engage in sexual activity at the demand of her husband can be accompanied by physical violence and beating" (para 6).
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"She [Jihan] said her husband raped her repeatedly. 'He forced me [to have sex], even if I refused.' She said he beat her every few days, once banging her head on the kitchen sink and causing a gash that required stitchesWhen she went to the local police station for help, she said 'They [police] said to me, "It’s your husband. We can’t do anything. Go to court." Even when I had bruises.' In April 2015, she said, he beat and choked her until she lost consciousness. 'I woke up and found myself on the street in my pajamas,' she said. 'I went to the police. They said, "We can do ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Brazil

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime punishable by 8 to 10 years' imprisonment; however, men who killed, sexually assaulted, or committed other crimes against women were unlikely to be brought to trial. The law allows a convicted rapist to escape punishment if he marries his victim or if the victim marries a third person and does not request or require an investigation or criminal proceedings" (p 168)
Aug. 31, 2017, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon

"In its report entitled Profil de l'égalité des sexes : Cameroun (mars 2002), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) indicated that, in Cameroon, [CIDA English version] "domestic violence against women is common" (Canada Mar. 2002). Quoting women's rights advocates, this report also indicated that, in Cameroon, [CIDA English version] 'the law does not impose effective penalties on men who commit acts of domestic violence. There are no gender-specific assault laws, despite the fact that women were the predominant victims of domestic violence. Spousal abuse is not a legal ground for divorce'" (p 1)
Aug. 31, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Canada

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, as sexual assault, and the government enforced the law effectively" (p 68)
Aug. 31, 2017, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep

"The law prohibits rape, although it does not specifically prohibit spousal rape. Rape is punishable by imprisonment with hard labor, but the law does not specify a minimum sentence. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (p 210)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:52 p.m.
Countries: Congo

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law" (p 80)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Congo

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law. The law prescribes five to 10 years in prison for violators. However, according to local women's groups, the penalties for rape could be as little as several months and rarely more than three years' imprisonment, despite what the law says" (p 84)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape and provides for prison terms of five to 10 years, and the government enforced this law. Claims were most frequently brought against child rapists. A life sentence can be imposed in cases of gang rape if the rapists are related to or hold positions of authority over the victim, or if the victim is under 15 years of age. The law does not specifically penalize spousal rape" (p 221)
Aug. 30, 2017, 10:33 p.m.
Countries: Finland

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (p 56)
May 24, 2017, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and is punishable by up to 8 years' imprisonment. The law treats sex with a minor under the age of 12 as nonconsensual; however, limited investigative resources and an inadequate judicial system prevented prosecution of most cases. Police were reluctant to prosecute these cases because of the low level of forensic capabilities. The Organization of Angolan Woman has a shelter that offers special services for rape victims"
March 24, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides a penalty of two to 15 years in prison for violations. The government effectively enforced these provisions" (14).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law against spousal rape was difficult to enforce effectively, as many did not consider spousal rape a crime and failed to report it" (20).
March 3, 2017, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Finland

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence, and the government enforced the law effectively" (10).
Feb. 23, 2017, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan

"Its proposed bill is seen as a response to the rejected Punjab Women Protection bill for abused women. The [Council of Islamic Ideology] shunned it as 'un-Islamic' and wrote its own bill, which includes the recommendation for the light beating. 'A husband should be allowed to lightly beat his wife if she defies his commands and refuses to dress up as per his desires; turns down demand of intercourse without any religious excuse or does not take bath after intercourse or menstrual periods,' Pakistan's Express-Tribune newspaper cited the proposal as saying" (para 4-5).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Nepal

"Mamata, married as child, had no idea what to expect. She was looking forward to the wedding and wearing her gold embroidered sari and the music of the event, but was completely unprepared for what lay in store. Her husband would beat her, drink, have sex when he liked. She did everything in the household and raised two sons. When he died, she was shunned by society. Her life was effectively over at the age of 17. Her father said that it is better to have a husband that beat her than a widow for a daughter. It is just the way it is there. You are born in your ...more
Jan. 18, 2017, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Canada

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, as sexual assault, and the government enforced the law effectively" (11).
Jan. 11, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Charges for spousal rape under the penal code and the domestic violence law were rare" (21).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Portugal

“The law makes rape, including spousal rape, illegal with a penalty of three to 10 years in jail. The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and the cases were not settled out of court through mediation” (10).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta

“Rape, including spousal rape, is a criminal offense, and the government effectively prosecuted such crimes” (9).
Dec. 29, 2016, 12:21 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"While authorities could prosecute spousal rape under the general rape statute, they rarely did so" (20).