The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime punishable by 8 to 10 years' imprisonment; however, men who killed, sexually assaulted, or committed other crimes against women were unlikely to be brought to trial. The law allows a convicted rapist to escape punishment if he marries his victim or if the victim marries a third person and does not request or require an investigation or criminal proceedings" (p 168)
Aug. 31, 2017, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"In its report entitled Profil de l'égalité des sexes : Cameroun (mars 2002), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) indicated that, in Cameroon, [CIDA English version] "domestic violence against women is common" (Canada Mar. 2002). Quoting women's rights advocates, this report also indicated that, in Cameroon, [CIDA English version] 'the law does not impose effective penalties on men who commit acts of domestic violence. There are no gender-specific assault laws, despite the fact that women were the predominant victims of domestic violence. Spousal abuse is not a legal ground for divorce'" (p 1)
Aug. 31, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, as sexual assault, and the government enforced the law effectively" (p 68)
Aug. 31, 2017, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, although it does not specifically prohibit spousal rape. Rape is punishable by imprisonment with hard labor, but the law does not specify a minimum sentence. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (p 210)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:52 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law" (p 80)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law. The law prescribes five to 10 years in prison for violators. However, according to local women's groups, the penalties for rape could be as little as several months and rarely more than three years' imprisonment, despite what the law says" (p 84)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape and provides for prison terms of five to 10 years, and the government enforced this law. Claims were most frequently brought against child rapists. A life sentence can be imposed in cases of gang rape if the rapists are related to or hold positions of authority over the victim, or if the victim is under 15 years of age. The law does not specifically penalize spousal rape" (p 221)
Aug. 30, 2017, 10:33 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (p 56)
May 24, 2017, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and is punishable by up to 8 years' imprisonment. The law treats sex with a minor under the age of 12 as nonconsensual; however, limited investigative resources and an inadequate judicial system prevented prosecution of most cases. Police were reluctant to prosecute these cases because of the low level of forensic capabilities. The Organization of Angolan Woman has a shelter that offers special services for rape victims"
March 24, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides a penalty of two to 15 years in prison for violations. The government effectively enforced these provisions" (14).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law against spousal rape was difficult to enforce effectively, as many did not consider spousal rape a crime and failed to report it" (20).
March 3, 2017, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence, and the government enforced the law effectively" (10).
Feb. 23, 2017, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Its proposed bill is seen as a response to the rejected Punjab Women Protection bill for abused women. The [Council of Islamic Ideology] shunned it as 'un-Islamic' and wrote its own bill, which includes the recommendation for the light beating. 'A husband should be allowed to lightly beat his wife if she defies his commands and refuses to dress up as per his desires; turns down demand of intercourse without any religious excuse or does not take bath after intercourse or menstrual periods,' Pakistan's Express-Tribune newspaper cited the proposal as saying" (para 4-5).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, DLB-DATA-1

"Mamata, married as child, had no idea what to expect. She was looking forward to the wedding and wearing her gold embroidered sari and the music of the event, but was completely unprepared for what lay in store. Her husband would beat her, drink, have sex when he liked. She did everything in the household and raised two sons. When he died, she was shunned by society. Her life was effectively over at the age of 17. Her father said that it is better to have a husband that beat her than a widow for a daughter. It is just the way it is there. You are born in your ...more
Jan. 18, 2017, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, as sexual assault, and the government enforced the law effectively" (11).
Jan. 11, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Charges for spousal rape under the penal code and the domestic violence law were rare" (21).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

“The law makes rape, including spousal rape, illegal with a penalty of three to 10 years in jail. The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and the cases were not settled out of court through mediation” (10).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

“Rape, including spousal rape, is a criminal offense, and the government effectively prosecuted such crimes” (9).
Dec. 29, 2016, 12:21 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"While authorities could prosecute spousal rape under the general rape statute, they rarely did so" (20).
Nov. 8, 2016, 10:26 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Moreover, Syrian law does not recognize spousal rape. Syria’s penal code facilitates impunity for rape and reinforces familial and cultural pressures on women and girls to marry their rapists. Rapists may escape punishment if they marry their victims, and spousal rape is not criminalized" (1-2).
Aug. 24, 2016, 3:16 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"'A girl's parents may be offered two, three or five cows by the husband's family to derail the case,' she says. 'And because life is hard for these people, they often take the money'" (para 39).
Aug. 23, 2016, 8:29 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, on the other hand, is widely overlooked. Rarely acted upon unless the victim dies, even then the crime is not treated as murder, and the minimum sentence is only five years—less than the domestic violence cases that lead to death, because rape is considered a sexual violation rather than a violent act. Because of the stigma of public confrontations, rape is rarely reported. Spousal rape is not specifically recognized as a crime" (1085-1086)
Aug. 13, 2016, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

“Rape, both spousal and nonspousal, occurred. The law criminalizes nonspousal rape but does not address spousal rape. Prison sentences for nonspousal rape range from one to five years, and authorities generally enforced the law. Many women did not report incidents of rape because of societal and family pressures” (29).
Aug. 12, 2016, 10:08 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

“Marital rape is not acknowledged since many tribes believe that a woman gets married primarily to offer sex to her husband. It is difficult to estimate the magni- tude of this problem since the majority of cases go unreported. The few defilement cases reported to the police are quickly withdrawn by relatives of young women and girls, who prefer to settle them out of court. The problem is compounded by the lack of relevant laws with which to charge offenders. Legal authorities also lack the technical competence to handle some of the cases” (29).
Aug. 12, 2016, 10:01 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

“According to NGO reporting, the incidence of unreported rape was high. Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not enforce the law effectively. Penalties included imprisonment, but convictions were very rare, and there were no known convictions under this law during the year. A 2000 study by a credible local NGO's found approximately 330 cases of rape in Nouakchott. Of the 330 cases, 140 had been reported as rape to medical staff. The remaining 190 had not been reported as rape, but the NGO concluded that the cases fit the medical profile for violent sexual assault. The study added that 46 percent of these 330 assaults were ...more
Aug. 12, 2016, 9:52 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-DATA-1

“Marital rape in Lithuania has not yet been recognized as a crime. According to the data, taken from the doctoral thesis, Sexual violence and its effects on woman‘s reproductive health, written in 2004 by a gynaecologist Kornelija Mačiulienė, from 20 % to 50 % of women are raped at home. 35 % of them do not report on this kind of violence, because women are ashamed and prefer suffering alone to public shame or still believe that husbands have their conjugal rights” (1).
Aug. 10, 2016, 6:32 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

“Saudi Arabia’s... new law gives an unspecified “competent” government agency authority to investigate abuse allegations and take steps to ensure the safety of victims of abuse, and it authorizes the agency to refer cases to criminal justice authorities to arrest, prosecute, and convict perpetrators of abuse... “Saudi Arabia has finally banned domestic abuse, but has yet to say which agencies will police the new law,” said Joe Stork, acting Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “Without effective mechanisms to punish domestic abuse, this law is merely ink on paper. ”Prior to adoption of the Law on Protection from Abuse, Saudi criminal justice authorities had no written legal guidelines to ...more
Aug. 10, 2016, 6:15 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

“The first article of the new regulation defines “abuse” as bodily, psychological, or sexual mistreatment, whether against a Saudi citizen or foreign workers. However, the regulation does not make explicit that marital rape is a crime, leaving open the possibility of differing interpretations of criminality. According to prosecutors interviewed, there have been few (if any) cases of marital rape in Saudi courts, either before or after the regulation. Because of the belief that women should be obedient to their husbands, the concept of marital rape does not exist. A wife cannot refuse to have sexual intercourse with her husband; it is part of the marriage contract. In the words of ...more
Aug. 8, 2016, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Cyprus
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-DATA-1

“The institute also says that between 2010 and 2013, 117 rapes were reported – this tallies with police statistics which show an increase in rape and sexual violence on the island… Over seven hundred cases of domestic violence were reported in 2013 alone. The term "domestic violence" refers to acts of violence perpetrated within domestic sphere such as “battering, incest, marital rape.”