The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-PRACTICE-1

Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with prison terms of five to 10 years, or eight to 10 years under aggravating circumstances, such as use of a weapon. The government generally implemented criminal aspects of the law better than protection aspects of the law"(16)."NGOs reported that many women were reluctant to report rapes due to fear of retaliation, inadequate response, and social stigma"(16)
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"This includes Article 1108 of the Civil Code, which states: ‘If the wife refuses to fulfil the duties of a wife without legitimate excuse, she will not be entitled to the cost of maintenance.’ Supported by this law, men can resort to violence to force women to satisfy their sexual urges. This enforcement measure can be a powerful protection for men who consider rape as their legal right and engage in sexual violence against their own wife. Furthermore, in many cases a wife’s refusal to engage in sexual activity at the demand of her husband can be accompanied by physical violence and beating" (para 6).
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"She [Jihan] said her husband raped her repeatedly. 'He forced me [to have sex], even if I refused.' She said he beat her every few days, once banging her head on the kitchen sink and causing a gash that required stitchesWhen she went to the local police station for help, she said 'They [police] said to me, "It’s your husband. We can’t do anything. Go to court." Even when I had bruises.' In April 2015, she said, he beat and choked her until she lost consciousness. 'I woke up and found myself on the street in my pajamas,' she said. 'I went to the police. They said, "We can do ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Brazil

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime punishable by 8 to 10 years' imprisonment; however, men who killed, sexually assaulted, or committed other crimes against women were unlikely to be brought to trial. The law allows a convicted rapist to escape punishment if he marries his victim or if the victim marries a third person and does not request or require an investigation or criminal proceedings" (p 168)
Aug. 31, 2017, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon

"In its report entitled Profil de l'égalité des sexes : Cameroun (mars 2002), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) indicated that, in Cameroon, [CIDA English version] "domestic violence against women is common" (Canada Mar. 2002). Quoting women's rights advocates, this report also indicated that, in Cameroon, [CIDA English version] 'the law does not impose effective penalties on men who commit acts of domestic violence. There are no gender-specific assault laws, despite the fact that women were the predominant victims of domestic violence. Spousal abuse is not a legal ground for divorce'" (p 1)
Aug. 31, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Canada

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, as sexual assault, and the government enforced the law effectively" (p 68)
Aug. 31, 2017, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep

"The law prohibits rape, although it does not specifically prohibit spousal rape. Rape is punishable by imprisonment with hard labor, but the law does not specify a minimum sentence. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (p 210)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:52 p.m.
Countries: Congo

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law" (p 80)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Congo

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law. The law prescribes five to 10 years in prison for violators. However, according to local women's groups, the penalties for rape could be as little as several months and rarely more than three years' imprisonment, despite what the law says" (p 84)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape and provides for prison terms of five to 10 years, and the government enforced this law. Claims were most frequently brought against child rapists. A life sentence can be imposed in cases of gang rape if the rapists are related to or hold positions of authority over the victim, or if the victim is under 15 years of age. The law does not specifically penalize spousal rape" (p 221)
Aug. 30, 2017, 10:33 p.m.
Countries: Finland

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (p 56)
May 24, 2017, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and is punishable by up to 8 years' imprisonment. The law treats sex with a minor under the age of 12 as nonconsensual; however, limited investigative resources and an inadequate judicial system prevented prosecution of most cases. Police were reluctant to prosecute these cases because of the low level of forensic capabilities. The Organization of Angolan Woman has a shelter that offers special services for rape victims"
March 24, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides a penalty of two to 15 years in prison for violations. The government effectively enforced these provisions" (14).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law against spousal rape was difficult to enforce effectively, as many did not consider spousal rape a crime and failed to report it" (20).
March 3, 2017, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Finland

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence, and the government enforced the law effectively" (10).
Feb. 23, 2017, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan

"Its proposed bill is seen as a response to the rejected Punjab Women Protection bill for abused women. The [Council of Islamic Ideology] shunned it as 'un-Islamic' and wrote its own bill, which includes the recommendation for the light beating. 'A husband should be allowed to lightly beat his wife if she defies his commands and refuses to dress up as per his desires; turns down demand of intercourse without any religious excuse or does not take bath after intercourse or menstrual periods,' Pakistan's Express-Tribune newspaper cited the proposal as saying" (para 4-5).
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:38 p.m.
Countries: Nepal

"Mamata, married as child, had no idea what to expect. She was looking forward to the wedding and wearing her gold embroidered sari and the music of the event, but was completely unprepared for what lay in store. Her husband would beat her, drink, have sex when he liked. She did everything in the household and raised two sons. When he died, she was shunned by society. Her life was effectively over at the age of 17. Her father said that it is better to have a husband that beat her than a widow for a daughter. It is just the way it is there. You are born in your ...more
Jan. 18, 2017, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Canada

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, as sexual assault, and the government enforced the law effectively" (11).
Jan. 11, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Charges for spousal rape under the penal code and the domestic violence law were rare" (21).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Portugal

“The law makes rape, including spousal rape, illegal with a penalty of three to 10 years in jail. The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and the cases were not settled out of court through mediation” (10).
Jan. 3, 2017, 8:24 p.m.
Countries: Malta

“Rape, including spousal rape, is a criminal offense, and the government effectively prosecuted such crimes” (9).
Dec. 29, 2016, 12:21 p.m.
Countries: Bulgaria
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"While authorities could prosecute spousal rape under the general rape statute, they rarely did so" (20).
Nov. 8, 2016, 10:26 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Moreover, Syrian law does not recognize spousal rape. Syria’s penal code facilitates impunity for rape and reinforces familial and cultural pressures on women and girls to marry their rapists. Rapists may escape punishment if they marry their victims, and spousal rape is not criminalized" (1-2).
Aug. 24, 2016, 3:16 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"'A girl's parents may be offered two, three or five cows by the husband's family to derail the case,' she says. 'And because life is hard for these people, they often take the money'" (para 39).
Aug. 23, 2016, 8:29 a.m.
Countries: Serbia

"Rape, on the other hand, is widely overlooked. Rarely acted upon unless the victim dies, even then the crime is not treated as murder, and the minimum sentence is only five years—less than the domestic violence cases that lead to death, because rape is considered a sexual violation rather than a violent act. Because of the stigma of public confrontations, rape is rarely reported. Spousal rape is not specifically recognized as a crime" (1085-1086)
Aug. 13, 2016, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Algeria

“Rape, both spousal and nonspousal, occurred. The law criminalizes nonspousal rape but does not address spousal rape. Prison sentences for nonspousal rape range from one to five years, and authorities generally enforced the law. Many women did not report incidents of rape because of societal and family pressures” (29).
Aug. 12, 2016, 10:08 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

“Marital rape is not acknowledged since many tribes believe that a woman gets married primarily to offer sex to her husband. It is difficult to estimate the magni- tude of this problem since the majority of cases go unreported. The few defilement cases reported to the police are quickly withdrawn by relatives of young women and girls, who prefer to settle them out of court. The problem is compounded by the lack of relevant laws with which to charge offenders. Legal authorities also lack the technical competence to handle some of the cases” (29).
Aug. 12, 2016, 10:01 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

“According to NGO reporting, the incidence of unreported rape was high. Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not enforce the law effectively. Penalties included imprisonment, but convictions were very rare, and there were no known convictions under this law during the year. A 2000 study by a credible local NGO's found approximately 330 cases of rape in Nouakchott. Of the 330 cases, 140 had been reported as rape to medical staff. The remaining 190 had not been reported as rape, but the NGO concluded that the cases fit the medical profile for violent sexual assault. The study added that 46 percent of these 330 assaults were ...more
Aug. 12, 2016, 9:52 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania

“Marital rape in Lithuania has not yet been recognized as a crime. According to the data, taken from the doctoral thesis, Sexual violence and its effects on woman‘s reproductive health, written in 2004 by a gynaecologist Kornelija Mačiulienė, from 20 % to 50 % of women are raped at home. 35 % of them do not report on this kind of violence, because women are ashamed and prefer suffering alone to public shame or still believe that husbands have their conjugal rights” (1).