The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-PRACTICE-1

June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively prosecuted individuals accused of such crimes [marital rape]" (14).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGOs many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases. NGOs reported that local police officers sometimes refused to respond to rape or domestic violence calls unless the victim’s life was directly threatened. According to NGOs many women did not report rape or other violence, especially when committed by spouses, due to social stigma and the lack of government support," (52).
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned that marital rape is recognized only if a judge has previously acknowledged the separation of the spouses" ( 5).
May 30, 2018, 8:27 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The young woman is being held in solitary confinement and faces execution. Her family denounced her and moved away from their village south of Khartoum, fearing revenge from the deceased husband’s family" (Para 3). This woman killed her husband, who rapped her, and instead of receiving treatment as a victim she is punished and abandoned (EJ - Coder Comment). "Kheder said his client was taken by the groom to an apartment in Khartoum for the honeymoon. Noura refused to have sex with him for four days. On the fifth day, he brought his cousins to the apartment, where they grabbed her, and he aggressively raped her in front of them"...more
May 29, 2018, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law" (11).
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is further concerned that marital rape is recognized only if a judge has previously acknowledged the separation of the spouses" ( 5).
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
April 26, 2018, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law" (10).
April 25, 2018, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law" (10).
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the establishment of a special police unit to prevent domestic violence and crimes against children, the Committee is concerned that there is only one State-run shelter for victims of violence" (Pg 5).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

". . . Furthermore, the Committee is concerned that marital rape is rarely prosecuted as a specific crime, in most cases being prosecuted as a form of domestic violence. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Take the measures necessary to adequately address sexual violence in its laws and policies and to ensure that all forms of non-consensual sexual acts are included in the definition of rape under the Penal Code; (b) Establish crisis centres and emergency services for victims of rape and raise the awareness of hospital staff and police officers about the assistance required in such cases, as well as establish standard protocols dealing with victims of...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Child brides who seek family or legal protections from sexual abuse by husbands—often much older than themselves—seldom see redress of their circumstances, and often wind up being treated harshly by the courts," (3).
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee draws attention to the link between women’s low status within the family and society, their lower educational attainment, higher rates of poverty, and the high levels of gender-based violence perpetrated against them, in particular, sexual and domestic violence. It remains concerned that such violence appears to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity and that victims have limited means of assistance, protection or redress," (5).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred. Police arrested suspects in 60 percent of cases from January to mid-September" (34-35).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Nonetheless, the Committee is concerned about the institutional, procedural and practical barriers faced by women in gaining access to justice, such as...Women’s limited access to information about their rights under the Convention, as well as about legal remedies available to women who are victims of gender-based violence, including marital rape" (4-5).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with prison terms of five to 10 years, or eight to 10 years under aggravating circumstances, such as use of a weapon. The government generally implemented criminal aspects of the law better than protection aspects of the law"(16)."NGOs reported that many women were reluctant to report rapes due to fear of retaliation, inadequate response, and social stigma"(16)
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"This includes Article 1108 of the Civil Code, which states: ‘If the wife refuses to fulfil the duties of a wife without legitimate excuse, she will not be entitled to the cost of maintenance.’ Supported by this law, men can resort to violence to force women to satisfy their sexual urges. This enforcement measure can be a powerful protection for men who consider rape as their legal right and engage in sexual violence against their own wife. Furthermore, in many cases a wife’s refusal to engage in sexual activity at the demand of her husband can be accompanied by physical violence and beating" (para 6).
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"She [Jihan] said her husband raped her repeatedly. 'He forced me [to have sex], even if I refused.' She said he beat her every few days, once banging her head on the kitchen sink and causing a gash that required stitchesWhen she went to the local police station for help, she said 'They [police] said to me, "It’s your husband. We can’t do anything. Go to court." Even when I had bruises.' In April 2015, she said, he beat and choked her until she lost consciousness. 'I woke up and found myself on the street in my pajamas,' she said. 'I went to the police. They said, "We can do...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 31, 2017, 8:51 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime punishable by 8 to 10 years' imprisonment; however, men who killed, sexually assaulted, or committed other crimes against women were unlikely to be brought to trial. The law allows a convicted rapist to escape punishment if he marries his victim or if the victim marries a third person and does not request or require an investigation or criminal proceedings" (p 168)
Aug. 31, 2017, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"In its report entitled Profil de l'égalité des sexes : Cameroun (mars 2002), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) indicated that, in Cameroon, [CIDA English version] "domestic violence against women is common" (Canada Mar. 2002). Quoting women's rights advocates, this report also indicated that, in Cameroon, [CIDA English version] 'the law does not impose effective penalties on men who commit acts of domestic violence. There are no gender-specific assault laws, despite the fact that women were the predominant victims of domestic violence. Spousal abuse is not a legal ground for divorce'" (p 1)
Aug. 31, 2017, 2:06 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, as sexual assault, and the government enforced the law effectively" (p 68)
Aug. 31, 2017, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, although it does not specifically prohibit spousal rape. Rape is punishable by imprisonment with hard labor, but the law does not specify a minimum sentence. The government did not enforce the law effectively" (p 210)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:52 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law" (p 80)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law. The law prescribes five to 10 years in prison for violators. However, according to local women's groups, the penalties for rape could be as little as several months and rarely more than three years' imprisonment, despite what the law says" (p 84)
Aug. 31, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape and provides for prison terms of five to 10 years, and the government enforced this law. Claims were most frequently brought against child rapists. A life sentence can be imposed in cases of gang rape if the rapists are related to or hold positions of authority over the victim, or if the victim is under 15 years of age. The law does not specifically penalize spousal rape" (p 221)
Aug. 30, 2017, 10:33 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (p 56)
May 24, 2017, 3:39 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and is punishable by up to 8 years' imprisonment. The law treats sex with a minor under the age of 12 as nonconsensual; however, limited investigative resources and an inadequate judicial system prevented prosecution of most cases. Police were reluctant to prosecute these cases because of the low level of forensic capabilities. The Organization of Angolan Woman has a shelter that offers special services for rape victims"
March 24, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides a penalty of two to 15 years in prison for violations. The government effectively enforced these provisions" (14).