The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-PRACTICE-1

April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

[Hong Kong] "The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and police enforced the law effectively. Through June police received 41 allegations of rape and 504 of indecent assault" (page 113).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel

"The government effectively enforced rape laws" (36).
April 8, 2019, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Portugal

"The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and the cases were not settled out of court through mediation" (p. 10).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGOs, many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases. NGOs reported that local police officers sometimes refused to respond to rape or domestic violence calls unless the victim’s life was directly threatened" (46).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government generally enforced the law effectively, and convicted rapists routinely received prison sentences" (para 81).
March 22, 2019, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (8).
March 15, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law does not specifically criminalize spousal rape, but it can be prosecuted under related statutes that cover assault and domestic violence. Police, however, were frequently reluctant to intervene in what they considered domestic matters" (8).
March 7, 2019, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica

"The judicial branch generally enforced the law" (10).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government regularly enforced the law, convicting 22 and sentencing two perpetrators to death. Nevertheless, as in years past, wealthy rape suspects reportedly avoided prosecution or, if prosecuted, avoided prison. Families of the victim commonly reached an agreement with the perpetrator for monetary compensation" (page 16).
March 6, 2019, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Challenges to the wider justice system generally resulted in poor conviction rates for rape" (12).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape and provides a penalty of five to 20 years’ imprisonment for offenders, but the government did not enforce the law effectively. Rape was a widespread problem. Authorities prosecuted only a small percentage of rape cases since victims seldom reported rapes due to societal pressure, particularly because attackers were frequently close relatives. No law specifically prohibits spousal rape, but law enforcement officials stated criminal laws against rape apply to spousal rape. Police and judicial authorities were willing to pursue rape cases but stopped if parties reached an agreement prior to trial. Information on convictions was not available" (page 20).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, but as in previous years, the government failed to enforce the law effectively and rape cases were underreported. Penalties for conviction of sexual assault range from three to eight years’ imprisonment. Prosecutors rarely brought rape cases to court. Statistics on the number of cases or convictions during the year were not available. Police generally regarded spousal rape as an administrative offense. While the law specifically prohibits domestic violence and spousal abuse, violence against women and girls remained a significant problem, yet was underreported. Penalties for domestic violence convictions ranged from fines to 15 years’ imprisonment, the latter if abuse resulted in death. HRW catalogued...more
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the absence of legislation criminalizing all forms of gender-based violence against women, such as kidnapping, marital rape and sexual harassment" (pg. 7).
Jan. 29, 2019, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Shelter staff do not usually consider marital rape as a form of violence, and women rarely go to shelters due to marital rape in the first place .Violence could sometimes reach the level of torture by electric shocks at the hands of the husband or family (father, mother, or siblings)" (Para 20).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia

"Although prohibited by law, rape, including spousal rape, remained a serious problem. The government generally enforced the law against rape. The penal code does not address spousal rape" (page 16).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, but human rights organizations claimed the government did not effectively enforce it. The law prohibits sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of imprisonment for attempted sexual violation from two to 10 years, and for rape or actual sexual violation for not less than 12 years. The government did not effectively or fully enforce these laws or protect victims, who often waited days or weeks to report incidents due to embarrassment or fear of reprisals, hindering effective prosecution of assailants" (page 54). "Courts regularly issued restraining orders to protect victims, but human rights organizations reported police rarely enforced them effectively. Women’s associations...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Spousal rape is… prosecuted as a misdemeanor" (13).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar

"Dowry System: Dawei: In four townships of Tanintharyi Region (Tavoy/Dawei, Laung Lon, Thayetchaung and Yebyu townships). Dowry system in place for marriage with most dowries ranging from 5 to 15 million Kyat. A higher dowry is fetched for women from wealthy families, property owners, university graduates, government civil servants or teachers. Perception of wedded women as “property” that is “bought” for a dowry. As a result women have little say in who they marry and there is a perception that the man can do anything he wants to his wife including domestic violence. Source: Tavoyan Women’s Union (TWU). Kuki: According to Kuki tradition, dowry is given in the form of...more
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively enforced rape laws. The government reported that in 2014 police opened 219 cases of spousal rape" (para 137)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports of police and judicial reluctance to act on reports of rape, particularly in spousal rape cases" (page 27-28).
Oct. 24, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan

"Spousal physical abuse continues in all classes of the society. Even today, Pakistani women struggle to prove that there is such a thing as marital rape. Such issues have not found their way in mainstream debates on media despite the media being dubbed as free and vibrant" (para. 3).
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The 1960 Penal Code in the West Bank excludes marital rape. 'If a married woman says that her husband raped her, according to the penal code and the sharia courts, this is not a crime,' Salhieh said. 'But if she has marks of the assault, we then investigate it as physical abuse instead of rape.' The penalties for physical assault that causes minor injuries are much lower than for rape, though" (para 50).
Oct. 4, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Prosecuting spousal violence is still difficult, although the national council for human rights CNDH has urged an amendment to the legislation in this sense" (para 5).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"A Sudanese teenager sentenced to death for killing her husband after he allegedly raped her, has spoken about her horrific ordeal for the first time" (para 1). Miss Hussein claims her husband's family tore her clothes off and held her down while her the 35-year-old brutally raped her. When her husband tried to force himself on her again the following day, she says she managed to get hold of a knife and stabbed him to death in self-defence" (para 3-4). "Nine days later, after continuously refusing to have sex with her husband, Miss Hussein said his relatives came over and she was ordered into the bedroom. 'I said no, so...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Support group Karma Nirvana revealed it took almost 9,000 calls about forced marriages in 2017... The charity says women brought to the UK from abroad are often unable to speak English and have no money or family and thus are threatened with deportation unless they comply. Cases they have dealt with include a 17-year-old girl from north England who was forced to marry an abusive middle-aged man just one day after meeting him. She was raped daily..." (para 3, 12-14). "Ms Angel, who changed her name to protect her family, told the Guardian she was forced to marry a man with learning difficulties in Liverpool and was treated by her...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred. Police arrested suspects in 60 percent of cases from January to mid-September" (34-35).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"While the law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, the law was not effectively enforced, and rape remained a widespread problem. Sexual offenses, including rape, are punishable by lengthy prison sentences, although women’s organizations stated that the sentences of those convicted were inconsistent. Rape victims seldom received protection in court" (31). "Police sometimes did not act on reported rape cases if the perpetrators were aligned with ZANU-PF or if the rape was used as a political tool against non-ZANU-PF members, as occurred during the 2008 election. Unlike the 2008 elections, which resulted in numerous cases of politically motivated gang rapes, there were very few reports of rape used as a political...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively prosecuted individuals accused of such crimes [marital rape]" (14).