The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-PRACTICE-1

June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Campaigners argue Saudi Arabia profoundly discriminates against women – with women’s marital rights being effectively non-existent and marital rape not explicitly defined as a crime" (para 15).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law does not explicitly recognize spousal rape, and authorities seldom prosecuted it. Victims often sought to deal with the rape within the family or were pressured to do so, and many victims did not report spousal rape due to fear of retribution or loss of economic support" (Pg 16).
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The issue sparked a renewed wave of outrage in February after an 11-year-old girl, identified under the pseudonym Raha, was repeatedly raped after being forced to marry a man 40 years her senior who already had a wife and seven children" (para 6).
May 15, 2019, 7:58 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Charges for spousal rape under the penal code and the domestic violence law were rare" (25).
May 13, 2019, 12:07 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Jenny Teeson accused her husband of drugging and raping her while she slept two years ago. The Minnesota woman found videos of the incident on her computer, according to the Star Tribune newspaper. However, when the couple went to court, Teeson's husband agreed to a plea deal, was convicted of invading her privacy and received only a 45-day jail sentence. That's because until Thursday, a statute in Minnesota law referenced 'the voluntary relationship defense' for criminal sexual conduct crimes that essentially allowed for marital rape. The statute protected people from prosecution if the sexual misconduct they committed was against a partner in an 'ongoing, voluntary relationship.' Gov. Tim Walz made...more
May 12, 2019, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law. Most persons convicted received prison sentences of five to 12 years" (11).
May 11, 2019, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape (including spousal rape), domestic abuse, incest, and indecent assault were significant problems; there was a large increase in the reported number of rape cases this year, due at least in part to greater awareness that a spouse can be charged with rape of his/her partner" (15).
May 9, 2019, 3:46 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The issue sparked a renewed wave of outrage in February after an 11-year-old girl, identified under the pseudonym Raha, was repeatedly raped after being forced to marry a man 40 years her senior who already had a wife and seven children" (para 6).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"While the law criminalizes sexual offenses, including rape and spousal rape, these crimes remained widespread problems. Spousal rape received less attention than physical violence against women. Almost a quarter of married women who had experienced domestic violence reported sexual violence, while 8 percent reported both physical and sexual violence" (33).
April 24, 2019, 8:54 a.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is punishable by up to 40 years in prison. The government did not enforce the law effectively. Advocates believed that only a small percentage of rape victims reported their attacks because of fear of reprisal from their attackers or humiliation in court" (page 21).
April 12, 2019, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

[Hong Kong] "The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and police enforced the law effectively. Through June police received 41 allegations of rape and 504 of indecent assault" (page 113).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively enforced rape laws" (36).
April 8, 2019, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government generally enforced the law when the victim chose to press charges and the cases were not settled out of court through mediation" (p. 10).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGOs, many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases. NGOs reported that local police officers sometimes refused to respond to rape or domestic violence calls unless the victim’s life was directly threatened" (46).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government generally enforced the law effectively, and convicted rapists routinely received prison sentences" (para 81).
March 22, 2019, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (8).
March 15, 2019, 11:35 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law does not specifically criminalize spousal rape, but it can be prosecuted under related statutes that cover assault and domestic violence. Police, however, were frequently reluctant to intervene in what they considered domestic matters" (8).
March 7, 2019, 8:01 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The judicial branch generally enforced the law" (10).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government regularly enforced the law, convicting 22 and sentencing two perpetrators to death. Nevertheless, as in years past, wealthy rape suspects reportedly avoided prosecution or, if prosecuted, avoided prison. Families of the victim commonly reached an agreement with the perpetrator for monetary compensation" (page 16).
March 6, 2019, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Belize
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Challenges to the wider justice system generally resulted in poor conviction rates for rape" (12).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape and provides a penalty of five to 20 years’ imprisonment for offenders, but the government did not enforce the law effectively. Rape was a widespread problem. Authorities prosecuted only a small percentage of rape cases since victims seldom reported rapes due to societal pressure, particularly because attackers were frequently close relatives. No law specifically prohibits spousal rape, but law enforcement officials stated criminal laws against rape apply to spousal rape. Police and judicial authorities were willing to pursue rape cases but stopped if parties reached an agreement prior to trial. Information on convictions was not available" (page 20).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, but as in previous years, the government failed to enforce the law effectively and rape cases were underreported. Penalties for conviction of sexual assault range from three to eight years’ imprisonment. Prosecutors rarely brought rape cases to court. Statistics on the number of cases or convictions during the year were not available. Police generally regarded spousal rape as an administrative offense. While the law specifically prohibits domestic violence and spousal abuse, violence against women and girls remained a significant problem, yet was underreported. Penalties for domestic violence convictions ranged from fines to 15 years’ imprisonment, the latter if abuse resulted in death. HRW catalogued...more
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the absence of legislation criminalizing all forms of gender-based violence against women, such as kidnapping, marital rape and sexual harassment" (pg. 7).
Jan. 29, 2019, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Shelter staff do not usually consider marital rape as a form of violence, and women rarely go to shelters due to marital rape in the first place .Violence could sometimes reach the level of torture by electric shocks at the hands of the husband or family (father, mother, or siblings)" (Para 20).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Although prohibited by law, rape, including spousal rape, remained a serious problem. The government generally enforced the law against rape. The penal code does not address spousal rape" (page 16).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The law prohibits violence against women, but human rights organizations claimed the government did not effectively enforce it. The law prohibits sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of imprisonment for attempted sexual violation from two to 10 years, and for rape or actual sexual violation for not less than 12 years. The government did not effectively or fully enforce these laws or protect victims, who often waited days or weeks to report incidents due to embarrassment or fear of reprisals, hindering effective prosecution of assailants" (page 54). "Courts regularly issued restraining orders to protect victims, but human rights organizations reported police rarely enforced them effectively. Women’s associations...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"Spousal rape is… prosecuted as a misdemeanor" (13).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5

"Dowry System: Dawei: In four townships of Tanintharyi Region (Tavoy/Dawei, Laung Lon, Thayetchaung and Yebyu townships). Dowry system in place for marriage with most dowries ranging from 5 to 15 million Kyat. A higher dowry is fetched for women from wealthy families, property owners, university graduates, government civil servants or teachers. Perception of wedded women as “property” that is “bought” for a dowry. As a result women have little say in who they marry and there is a perception that the man can do anything he wants to his wife including domestic violence. Source: Tavoyan Women’s Union (TWU). Kuki: According to Kuki tradition, dowry is given in the form of...more
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively enforced rape laws. The government reported that in 2014 police opened 219 cases of spousal rape" (para 137)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"There were anecdotal reports of police and judicial reluctance to act on reports of rape, particularly in spousal rape cases" (page 27-28).