The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRCM-PRACTICE-2

Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"One in five Malawian girls is a victim of sexual violence, as is one in seven boys, according to the UN Children's Fund, UNICEF. Its survey found that most abusers are people that children trust and are related to, such as uncles, stepfathers and fathers" (para 24). "Some traditions promote sexual abuse within the family. If a girl's aunt or older sister falls sick, she can be sent to look after the household, and in some cases will be expected to have sex with her uncle or step-brother, according to one organisation working in the area, which asked to remain unnamed as Malawian authorities are not fond of such traditions...more
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"Incest involving children remained a problem, although official statistics were incomplete, and prosecutions remained minimal" (page 61).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-LAW-3

"The minimum age of consensual sex is 18. Due to social pressures and fear of embarrassment, incest remained taboo and often went unreported and unpunished" (page 18).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-DATA-2

"Noura Hussein, 19, was forced to marry her cousin, and when she refused to consummate the marriage, she says he called his family to help him rape her" (para 2).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"Kahtera states that: 'One day I locked myself in my room and telephoned the police. They arrested him [father who repeated raped her] at 1pm but he was back home by 4pm'" (1:18). "Subtitle states: 'After years of attempting to seek justice her father is finally in custody pending trial'" (1:34). "Kahtera reports according to the subtitles that: 'The judge acused me of lying' despite the signs of pregnancy" (2:19). It appears the judge is not keen on declaring that incest has actually occured and seeks to blame the victim instead (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"Victims reported few cases of rape due to social stigma and societal perceptions that rape was simply a 'fact of life' that could not be challenged. A lack of services for rape victims also discouraged reporting. Victims reported even fewer cases of spousal rape because of fear of losing economic support, fear of reprisal, lack of awareness that spousal rape was a crime, police reluctance to be involved in domestic disputes, and bureaucratic hurdles. Most rural citizens were unfamiliar with laws against domestic violence and sexual offenses. Chiefs of local jurisdictions usually handled gender-based violence in trials applying customary law" (31-32).
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is deeply concerned that...families frequently hide cases of incest out of shame and that the Civil Code prohibits registrars from recording declarations of birth of a child resulting from incest" (7).
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"While noting the establishment of a special police unit to prevent domestic violence and crimes against children, the Committee is concerned that there is only one State-run shelter for victims of violence. The Committee is also concerned that women and girls with disabilities do not have access to shelters for victims of violence or to adequate assistance and victim support services, and that there is no training for officers, social workers or medical personnel on the specific needs and vulnerabilities of women with disabilities who are victims of violence" (Pg 5).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with prison terms of five to 10 years, or eight to 10 years under aggravating circumstances, such as use of a weapon. The government generally implemented criminal aspects of the law better than protection aspects of the law"(16)
Dec. 20, 2017, 7:42 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"One woman said that she has been locked up for a year inside the house after her mother learned that her father had raped her over three years. She now needs to be treated for depression as a result of the psychological damage she endured (para 3).
Nov. 27, 2017, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-DATA-2

"But when we address the issue of incest, Iranians strongly condemn and discourage this practice. This is why in cases involving incest, with very few exceptions, families hide the incident in order to preserve their honour. Therefore it is not possible to find accurate statistics of such incidents" (para 6).
Jan. 4, 2017, 1:13 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-2

“Authorities referred children who had suffered abuse to the relevant community and government services in coordination with stakeholders, including police, schools, and social service agencies. UNICEF reported that response by school professionals, police, and social workers to reported cases of violence against children was often inadequate due to cultural inclinations to avoid interfering in family affairs” (39).
Jan. 3, 2017, 9:59 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-DATA-2

“Abuse and neglect of children and adolescents were problems. Children and adolescents were victims of rape and molestation, and girls were impregnated by family members. The SDH oversaw a program that established nationwide strategies for combating child sexual abuse and best practices for treating victims” (15).
June 26, 2016, 1:06 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

Marital rape is not explicitly criminalized but a wife, or partner, is able to file a complaint (109).
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"There are eleven rape crisis centers throughout the country working to provide emotional support, practical advice, and other support for victims including the maintenance of hotlines, and the provision of educational services" (39).
March 3, 2016, 11:33 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is concerned that, under the Penal Code, the crime of sexual violence is prosecuted only upon complaint by the victim and is still considered to be a crime against morality. The Committee further remains concerned that the penalty for rape remains low and that incest and marital rape are not defined explicitly as crimes under the Penal Code. The Committee urges the State party to eliminate in its Penal Code the requirement of the victim’s complaint in order to prosecute crimes of sexual violence and to define sexual crimes as crimes involving violations of women’s rights to bodily security and integrity, to increase the penalty for rape and...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

""Yes, these laws are enforced. However, this is such a common problem in Ukraine, especially in the rural villages, and most victims would never mention what happened. It is a very shameful experience to come forward when one has been sexually abused, especially in incest situations. It is highly discouraged and prevented by families, especially in the villages." Lada Usova" (4)
Dec. 31, 2015, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-LAW-3, LRCM-DATA-2

"One of them is 8 years old who was raped by her uncle who was supporting her in the absence of her parents. The perpetrator is now detained in the central prison; however, the family of the survivor is facing threats from other family members who are close to the perpetrator" (para 4)
Dec. 23, 2015, 3:41 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The girl child’s 23-week pregnancy, established about three weeks ago, is the result of repeated sexual abuse allegedly perpetrated by a close relative" (para 2). "It is crucial that the alleged rapist, who has just been arrested, be duly prosecuted" (para 10)
Aug. 17, 2015, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is deeply concerned about: 1) The prevalence, including in areas not affected by conflict, of rape and other forms of sexual violence, incest, sexual harassment and domestic violence, of acts of torture and other ill-treatment of women and girls accused of being witches and of acts of sexual violence against women detainees, including by members of the Congolese National Police; 2) The ineffective implementation of the 2006 law on sexual violence, the 2009 National Strategy against gender-based violence and the zero-tolerance policy on sexual violence; 3) The lack of legal provisions prohibiting domestic violence, including marital rape, and the absence of shelters, counselling and rehabilitation services for victims...more
Aug. 12, 2015, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Interior created the Community Police Department in 2008 and operations began in 2009. This is a civil police service that acts as an intermediary between the security sector (police stations) and community institutions and leaders … To deal with issues that may not make it to a police station (unrecorded crime). This includes crimes occurring within the family, such as molestation, particularly of children, and incest" (12)
Aug. 10, 2015, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"‘In 2013, we forwarded 23 defilement cases to court. Up to now, only two have been concluded. Some perpetrators are still at large while some witnesses have since left Meru,’ she laments. ‘Sometimes the cases are withdrawn in favour of out-of-court settlement since they are family matters. The child’s mother is forced or threatened to sign the letter seeking the withdrawal,’ she [an officer at the Meru Town Police Station] says" (p 14). "‘Jailing perpetrators might not be the solution, because when they come out, they are still a threat to society,’ she [Mrs Leah Wambugu, the administrator of Ripple International Rescue] notes. ‘We cannot even promise these girls that...more
July 31, 2015, 9:26 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Interior created the Community Police Department in 2008 and operations began in 2009. This is a civil police service that acts as an intermediary between the security sector (police stations) and community institutions and leaders … To deal with issues that may not make it to a police station (unrecorded crime). This includes crimes occurring within the family, such as molestation, particularly of children, and incest" (12)
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"There’s something in terms of punishment for incest, but I am not familiar with family laws; there must be something! Even when these things happen you don’t talk about it. It is a tabu".
April 28, 2015, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"There is no law on marital rape. A man cannot rape his wife under Sierra Leone laws, it does not exist" (para 18)
Nov. 18, 2014, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"Marital rape in Congo is still not a prosecutable crime" (para. 26)
Nov. 4, 2013, 9:32 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"In addition to lingering psychological trauma, there’s evidence of widespread and ongoing sexual abuse, including rampant molestation and incest" (13).
Sept. 12, 2013, 9:54 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"The High Court ruled on Wednesday that the girl, whose stepfather is on trial for raping her, had been wrongly convicted by a juvenile court of having premarital sex with another man" (para. 1)
April 25, 2013, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-2

"In 2009, Equality Now, along with our local partner War Against Rape, Lahore (WAR), got involved in a case where a 15-year-old girl (Mariam) was raped by her father. When Mariam’s mother and uncles went to report the case, the police were skeptical that a father could rape his daughter and tried to dissuade Mariam from making a complaint, telling her that it would ruin her father. The father bribed the prosecutor and police to push for a dismissal of the case. The magistrate also granted bail to the father without informing Mariam. Working in conjunction with WAR, Equality Now found a pro bono lawyer to take on Mariam’s case....more
March 15, 2013, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-LAW-2, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, MURDER-PRACTICE-2

The physical integrity of Uruguayan women is not adequately protected, and violence against women remains a problem. In 1995, amendments to the Criminal Code classified domestic violence as a specific crime. More recently (in 2002), the government passed a law on domestic violence, which focuses primarily on the rapid detection and eradication of this type of violence. Uruguay has established courts that specialise in domestic violence, which take precautionary measures before passing cases on to the family courts. The law also requires cases to be referred to the criminal courts, but this happens only in a small percentage of cases. Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime in Uruguay. In...more