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Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"The Committee notes with appreciation the adoption in 2015 of the revised Criminal Code, which criminalizes domestic violence and other forms of violence, such as stalking, threats and sexual exploitation, against women and girls, including those belonging to sexual minorities, and appreciates that perpetrators can no longer avoid penalties by reconciling with victims. It also notes that the revised bill on combating domestic violence contains an expanded definition of domestic violence. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the delay in the adoption of the bill" (Pg 5).
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes Law No. 83/2015, aimed at implementing provisions of the Istanbul Convention, but remains concerned that, despite the improvements, the legislation of the State party is not fully in compliance with the provisions of the Istanbul Convention, given that it does not cover all forms of non-consensual sexual acts" (page 6).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Law against Domestic Violence (Law No. 7/2010) of 3 May 2010 which criminalizes domestic violence, including sexual violence, 'even within a marriage'" (2). Sexual violence would include rape and sexual assault (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"...the State party’s efforts to combat female genital mutilation, such as the adoption of the Rape Law" (7).
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Furthermore, the Government has inserted into the Criminal Code (Law No.1/05 of 22 April 2009, revising the Criminal Code) clause that severely punish trafficking in women and girls. Involved are above all offences against public morals (les bonnes mœurs, Articles 538 to 565): ...indecent assault, and rape (for rape, the sentences established cannot be reduced, cannot prescribe due to any statute of limitation, and cannot be included in an amnesty or pardoned" (15).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Committee commends the State party for establishing a high-level strategic inter-ministerial committee on domestic violence and violence in general in 2008, but is concerned that most of the proposals made by the Cabinet at a special meeting held on 20 February 2014, such as introducing a witness protection programme for gender-based violence cases, have not been implemented. The Committee is also concerned that the Correctional Service Act (No. 9 of 2012), the Criminal Procedure Act (sects. 60-62) and the Combating of Rape Act (No. 8 of 2000) (sect. 3), which have a bearing on efforts to curb violence against women in the State party, have not been amended to ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Similarly, Islamic defenders of the practice of child marriage point out that it is, like all Muslim marriages, a two-part process: a marriage contract is first completed and accepted, and at some subsequent, unspecified time, the consummation of the marriage takes place. The implication here is that the age of the girlchild might be as young as 13 years (solar calendar) or 9 years and 8 months (lunar calendar) old, but this is not necessarily the age of consummation of the marriage: this was the format followed by the Prophet Muhammad in his marriage to 6-year old Aisha. However, there is no particular intervention or monitoring specified to make sure ...more
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the adoption, since the consideration in 1994 of the State party’s second periodic report (CEDAW/C/SEN/2), of the following legislative measures: . . . (d) Law No. 99-05 of 29 January 1999 amending the Penal Code to criminalize the crimes of rape, female genital mutilation, assault and battery, and incest" (page 2). "The Committee welcomes the measures adopted to address violence against women, including the adoption of the above-mentioned Law No. 99-05 of 29 January 1999 and of Ministerial Decree No. 10545 of 10 December 2008 establishing a review committee on violence against women. The Committee also welcomes the establishment of listening centres for women who are victims ...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1

"While noting the efforts to enact the bill on sexual offences and domestic violence, which was passed by Parliament and the Senate, the Committee is deeply concerned that the bill lapsed because it did not receive royal assent. The Committee is also concerned that, according to the National Surveillance System on Violence, Abuse and Exploitation, the prevalence of violence against women and girls is high, as is the rate of abduction of young girls, often perpetrated by persons known to the victims. The Committee is also concerned at the low level of reporting of violence against women, owing to a culture of silence and impunity, and at the lack of ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"All cases of involuntary sexual activity must be covered by criminal legislation. This legislation and its enforcement must afford genuine, effective protection against involuntary sexual activity. The wording of the current penal provision relating to rape specifies the different instances of non-consensual sexual activity. The provision applies both to any person who engages in sexual activity by means of violence or threats and to any person who engages in sexual activity with someone who is unconscious or incapable for any other reason of resisting the act. Under the provision, use of force is not a requirement for sexual activity to be seen as involuntary" (11).
March 8, 2018, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"It fails to provide a definition of sexual harassment, in a country where an estimated 60 percent of men consider that provocative dress legitimizes sexual harassment" (para 23).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The federal penal code (CPF) considers: i) the crime of rape and its punishment, including statutory rape, marital rape, and rape of concubines. ii) it does not include injuries, nor "honor" killings, nor the crime of adultery; no federal entity classifies honor killings, and only Jalisco and Durango classify adultery" (page 6). "The SCJN has issued nine acting protocols for justice providers, highlighting the protocol for judgment with a gendered perspective, and the acting protocol for justice providers in cases involving sexual orientation or gender identity. Additionally, it pushed forward the adoption of the Iberoamerican performance protocol to improve access to justice for persons and groups in vulnerable conditions; there ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"All acts of violence against women are criminalized" (10). "As has been stated in previous Reports, Sexual Harassment was criminalized as an offence under the Penal Code in 1995" (21).
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the provisions of the Penal Code criminalizing rape" (7).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Penal legislation in force criminalizes rape and other coercive sexual acts committed against women, such as indecent assault, seduction, indecent fondling, abduction, proposing indecent acts or using indecent language" (11). "Palestine has no laws on child prostitution. However, sexually assaulting a child is severely punished" (23).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The sexual crimes reform implemented in 2005 has been evaluated. Certain amendments have been made to the legislation in order to reinforce and sharpen the protection of sexual integrity and sexual self-determination. These amendments entered into force on 1 July 2013. For example, the crime of rape has been widened further. More cases of sexual exploitation will be assessed as rape because the term “helpless state” is being replaced by the term “particularly vulnerable situation”. In addition, the term “serious fear” has been added to the list of examples given in the text of the law. This will make it even clearer that situations in which a victim responds passively ...more
Feb. 2, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (8). " The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than 16 years is liable to imprisonment for up to 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person under 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person under 18. The law also makes it an offense to deal in individuals younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or engagement in ...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The Committee is […] concerned that Law No. 061-2015/CNT on preventing violence against women and girls is not fully operational and there is no timeline for […] amending article 14(2) which fails to criminalize marital rape unless it is committed repeatedly or when a partner is physically unable to engage in sexual intercourse, and which is only sanctioned with a fine," (5).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14). "The legal age for consensual sex is 16 years in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, the Northern Territory, Victoria, and Western Australia and 17 years in Tasmania and South Australia. In Queensland the age of consent for anal sex is 18 years, while the age of consent for all other sexual acts is 16 years" (17).
Jan. 26, 2018, 5:38 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The absence of specific legislation to eliminate gender-based violence against women in all settings, including a definition of such violence, and to criminalize marital rape" (Pg 8).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal, although the government did not always enforce the law effectively. The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred" (34-35). "The law provides for the protection of children from abuse, and laws on rape and abandonment carry harsher penalties if the victim is a child" (39). "If the victim is between ages 13 and 15 years, the penalty for conviction is four to 20 years’ imprisonment and the same range of fines" (39). The age of consent cut-off in Thailand is 15 years old, which is implied in this statement about the age range cut-off for victims of sexual assault and rape (AA-CODER COMMENT).more
Jan. 24, 2018, 6:22 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-1

“Parliament also agreed to raise the age of sexual consent to 16, from 13. The new legislation also enacted fines and jail time for people who employ minors as housemaids; last year, Tunisia ratified a law on human trade. And workplace discrimination is now punishable by a fine of up to $800” (p 13-14)
Jan. 22, 2018, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"One mother claims she was raped while another was aged 17 when she gave birth, which amounts to statutory rape under Haitian law" (para 3).
Jan. 10, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In the past year in Japan, we’ve made some progress. In July, our lower house of parliament (where just 10.1 percent of seats are held by women) amended the law pertaining to sexual assault to increase minimum sentences from three to five years, recognize male victims and widen the definition of what constitutes rape. But we need to keep pushing for more change. The age of consent is still 13" (para 34).
Jan. 9, 2018, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal and punishable by 12 to 20 years of imprisonment" (para 6).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with prison terms of five to 10 years, or eight to 10 years under aggravating circumstances, such as use of a weapon"(16)."The law against gender violence stipulates stiff penalties for harassment and both physical and emotional abuse and provides for prison terms of up to 30 years for murder"(16)."The law prohibits sexual harassment in cases of established employer-employee relations in the public and private sectors and in teacher-student relations.Violators face a maximum three-year prison sentence. The extent of the problem was difficult to determine, because convictions for sexual harassment were rare, and pre-employment sexual harassment was not actionable"(17)."The law prohibits consensual sex between ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In response, the Ministry of Women and Family Affairs in 2014 created a draft bill criminalizing domestic violence. Al-Nahda supported the bill, stating that the party does not view protecting women from injury as contradicting Islamic law. The draft law was approved in July 2016, though it has yet to go into effect. Its provisions include prohibiting all forms of violence against women (physical, psychological, sexual or economic), and issuing prison sentences or financial penalties should the law be broken. The law criminalizes marital rape, ends impunity for rapists who marry their victims and also criminalizes sexual harassment, with either imprisonment or financial penalty as the consequence. The penalty for ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Two ministries — the Ministry of Solidarity, Women, Family and Social Development and the Ministry of Justice and Liberties — created a draft law and placed it before the general secretariat in September 2013. Due to criticism from women’s groups of the inadequacy of the scope of definition and protections provided under the proposed law, Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane placed the law under a direct commission to be revised, and it was presented before the general secretariat yet again in July 2016 . . . Ultimately, the bill passed, though it has yet to go into effect" (para 8-9).
Dec. 17, 2017, 2:46 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"According to a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, such crimes (primarily rapes, molestations and stalking) have skyrocketed by a whopping 60 percent between 2010 and 2011 and 2014 and 2015" (para 4). "Although the Indian Parliament passed a strong anti-rape law while also making human trafficking, acid attacks and stalking stringently punishable, it hasn’t translated into diminishing crimes against women" (para 9). "The three attackers in the 2012 rape were sentenced to death and within months the government passed a bill broadening the definition of sexual offences to include forced penetration by any object, stalking, acid violence and disrobing" (para 13).
Dec. 13, 2017, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Crimes like rape are handled with great sensitivity and various measures have been taken by Delhi Police for the safety of women in the city. Emphasis is given to ensure that all cases of crime against women are investigated by women officers" (para 6). Rape is considered a crime, as indicated by this statement (AA-CODER COMMENT).