The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, although the legal definition of rape covers only forced penetration of sexual organs, and filing a case requires corroboration and a witness" (para 144)
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"On March 14, 2018, the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, signed Law no. 5 of 2018, which repealed article 308 of the 1960 Penal Code enforced in the West Bank. Based on an assessment by the head of a women’s shelter, the law had allowed alleged rapists to escape prosecution and could allow convicted rapists to avoid imprisonment if they married their victims. The new law also amended article 99 to prohibit judges from reducing sentences for serious crimes, such as the murder of women and children" (para 2).
Oct. 12, 2018, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"On February 14, the Moroccan parliament adopted a new law on violence against women that criminalizes harassment, aggression, sexual exploitation or ill treatment of women. In addition, the new law obligates public authorities to take preventive measures and provides new protection mechanisms for survivors" (para 2). "The law includes positive provisions, such as a definition of violence against women 'any act based on gender discrimination that entails physical, psychological, sexual, or economic harm to a woman' and it provides protection and safety orders for violence survivors" (para 4).
Oct. 8, 2018, 3:33 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"An early draft of the bill had said that minors under 15 would be assumed not to have given consent to sex with an older person. But the new law states that sex between an adult and a person of 15 or under can be considered rape if the younger party was judged not competent to give consent. France's highest legal authority, the Conseil d'Etat, had advised that the previous version could be ruled unconstitutional. The legislation will also give underage victims of rape an extra ten years to file complaints, extending the deadline to 30 years from when they turn 18" (para 5-7)
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"That the current definition of rape is outdated and does not include rape committed by force or coercion or caused by fear of violence, duress, detention, psychological oppression or abuse of power and therefore cannot be applied to conflict-related cases" (Pg 5).
Oct. 4, 2018, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Last week, the Swedish parliament passed a law that defines any sex without explicit consent as rape. Under the previous law, prosecutors needed to demonstrate that a perpetrator used force, threats, or was taking advantage of a person’s vulnerable situation in order for a case to qualify as rape... Sweden’s justice minister said the change represents 'modern legislation based on modern relationships'" (para 1).
Oct. 4, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"MPs to approve law 103-13, also known as 'Hakkauoi law', after Family and Solidarity Minister Bassima Hakkaoui who promoted it" (para 1). "The legislation now extends the term violence to acts of aggression and abuse via text messages, vocal messages or photos, sexual exploitation, aggression and abuse in the workplace and harshens punishment in situations like pregnancy or in the event that violence is perpetrated by people who are known to the victim, like colleagues. However, the legislation does not contemplate spousal abuse, a controversial issue in civil society" (para 4). "Article 486 of the Moroccan criminal code punishes sexual violence but is ambiguous in its definition, according to experts"...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape was a serious and pervasive societal problem. The law criminalizes all forms of rape, including spousal rape" (para 100). "The legal age of consent is 18. There is no statutory rape law, but the penalty for rape of a minor under age 12 is 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment and nine to 13 years’ imprisonment if the victim is age 13 or older" (para 117)
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:07 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"France plans to make 15 the age of sexual consent after a public outcry over two cases of sex involving 11-year-old girls, Equality Minister Marlene Schiappa said Monday" (para 1). "Any sexual act by an adult with a child younger than 15 can be prosecuted as a sexual offence under current French law. But prosecutors hoping to charge an offender with rape must prove the sex was forced" (para 4-5).
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law did not always adequately protect rape victims. The law criminalizes rape (but not spousal rape) and permits a maximum sentence of life imprisonment if the victim dies" (para 234). "The law prohibits sexual relations outside marriage, including rape or sexual solicitation that may occur during sexual harassment" (para 250). "Because sex outside marriage is always illegal, the age of consensual sex is effectively the minimum marriage age" (para 263)
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"the Omani Penal Code (promulgated by Royal Decree No. 7/74) contains several articles penalizing rape offenses. Article 218 of the Code states 'Any person who has intercourse with an unmarried female without her consent through coercion, threat or subterfuge, or who abducts a person using the same means with the intent of committing fornication, or who commits fornication with a person under the age of 15 or with a person who has a physical or mental deficiency, shall be punished by imprisonment of 5 to 15 years, even if the act occurs without coercion, threat or subterfuge or if the perpetrator is a parent or guardian of the victim, or...more
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In a so-called Islamic state like Pakistan, rape is a punishable crime, with a zero conviction rate" (para 1).
Sept. 14, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"For the first time in its history, the self-declared republic of Somaliland has passed a bill against rape... Somaliland declared itself independent from Somalia in 1991 but is not internationally recognised as a country. There is still no specific law against rape in Somalia, although it is punishable through a penal code that recognises some sexual offences" (para 1, 4).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law stipulates sentences of up to 25 years in prison for those convicted of sexual offenses against children. If a person is legally married to a minor under sharia, however, none of the offenses specified in the legislation is considered crimes" (20). "The Child Sexual Abuse (Special Provisions) Act prohibits child prostitution and the use, procurement, or provision of a child (below age 18) for the production of pornography or for pornographic performance. The crime is punishable by imprisonment between 15 and 25 years. The act stipulates that a child between ages 13 and 18 involved in a sexual act is deemed not to have given consent, 'unless otherwise...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal" (24). "Any sexual act with a minor 13 to 15 years of age is punishable by a one- to five-year prison sentence. A sexual act with a minor under 13 years of age is punishable by a two- to seven-year prison sentence and deprivation of some rights" (26).
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison. Gang rape or rape of a minor or an invalid is punishable by up to 15 years in prison. Sexual assault is punishable by six months to eight years in prison" (para 102). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 18" (para 116)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law effectively" (10). "The minimum age for consensual sex in the country is 16, according to the revision of the penal code that went into effect July 1" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes spousal and all forms of rape, regardless of the relationship between the victim and the accused" (20). "The law defines statutory rape as sexual relations with children who are 13 or younger" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"An advisor counsels Kahtera and the subtitle states the following: 'We need to prove that it was rape and not consensual intercourse, otherwise they are going to charge you for illegal sex'" (1:14). It appears from this statement that there are laws against rape, but it may be difficult to prove (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14). "The legal age for consensual sex is 16 years in the Australian Capital Territory, New South Wales, the Northern Territory, Victoria, and Western Australia and 17 years in Tasmania and South Australia. In Queensland the age of consent for anal sex is 18 years, while the age of consent for all other sexual acts is 16 years" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"According to a report by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, such crimes (primarily rapes, molestations and stalking) have skyrocketed by a whopping 60 percent between 2010 and 2011 and 2014 and 2015" (para 4). "Although the Indian Parliament passed a strong anti-rape law while also making human trafficking, acid attacks and stalking stringently punishable, it hasn’t translated into diminishing crimes against women" (para 9). "The three attackers in the 2012 rape were sentenced to death and within months the government passed a bill broadening the definition of sexual offences to include forced penetration by any object, stalking, acid violence and disrobing" (para 13).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes all forms of rape involving force against women, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law effectively. The law defines a rapist as “a person who, through assault or intimidation, forcibly commits sexual intercourse with a female of not less than 13 years of age or commits sexual intercourse with a female under 13 years of age" (14). "Statutory rape laws criminalize sexual intercourse with a girl younger than 13, notwithstanding her consent...Additionally, national law and local ordinances comprehensively address sexual abuse of minors, including boy victims. " (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes all forms of rape involving force against women, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law effectively. The law defines a rapist as “a person who, through assault or intimidation, forcibly commits sexual intercourse with a female of not less than 13 years of age or commits sexual intercourse with a female under 13 years of age" (14). "Statutory rape laws criminalize sexual intercourse with a girl younger than 13, notwithstanding her consent...Additionally, national law and local ordinances comprehensively address sexual abuse of minors, including boy victims. " (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (8). " The law provides that any person who has a sexual connection with a person younger than 16 years is liable to imprisonment for up to 10 years. Further, the law makes it an offense punishable by seven years’ imprisonment to assist a person under 18 in providing commercial sexual services; to receive earnings from commercial sexual services provided by a person younger than 18; or to contract for commercial sexual services from, or be a client of, a person under 18. The law also makes it an offense to deal in individuals younger than 18 for sexual exploitation or engagement in...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law" (10). "The age for consensual sex is 16" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal" (24). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 12. The statutory rape law criminalizes sex with minors under 12 and sex with a child under 18 involving force, threat, or intimidation" (28).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence" (9). "The minimum age for engaging in consensual sexual relations is 18" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law provides for life imprisonment for persons convicted of rape, including spousal rape during periods of legal separation. The law stipulates a woman wishing to report a rape must do so at a police station before seeking medical help" (20). "The law provides that sexual intercourse with a child under 18 is rape regardless of consent, unless within a legal marriage. Human rights activists and NGOs stated that the Law of Marriage Act, which provides for marriages of 14-year-old girls, needed amendment to reflect the criminality of sexual intercourse with a child" (25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal, although the government did not always enforce the law effectively. The law permits authorities to prosecute spousal rape, and prosecutions occurred" (34-35). "The law provides for the protection of children from abuse, and laws on rape and abandonment carry harsher penalties if the victim is a child" (39). "If the victim is between ages 13 and 15 years, the penalty for conviction is four to 20 years’ imprisonment and the same range of fines" (39). The age of consent cut-off in Thailand is 15 years old, which is implied in this statement about the age range cut-off for victims of sexual assault and rape (AA-CODER COMMENT).more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved, since the consideration in 2006 of the fifth periodic report of the State party (CEDAW/C/THA/CO/5), in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following: … Criminal Code Amendment Acts, in 2007, inter alia, to criminalize marital rape and broaden the definition of rape and sexual assault and, in 2015, to provide for the prosecution and punishment for rape of a minor, even if a court grants permission for the perpetrator to marry the victim" (1-2). "It also notes that section 277 of the Criminal Code has been revised to ensure that perpetrators of rape of a child under 15 years of age...more