The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape and the use of threats or violence to claim a marital right to intercourse'" (27).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, but it does not criminalize spousal rape because the law states a woman may not refuse sexual relations with her husband" (28). "The law does not define statutory rape and does not impose an age limit for consensual sex" (31).
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"A person who, through assault or intimidation, forcibly commits an indecent act upon a male or female of not less than thirteen years of age shall be punished by imprisonment with work for not less than 6 months but not more than 10 years. The same shall apply to a person who commits an indecent act upon a male or female under thirteen years of age... A person who, through assault or intimidation, forcibly commits sexual intercourse with a female of not less than thirteen years of age commits the crime of rape and shall be punished by imprisonment with work for a definite term of not less than 3...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, providing penalties of five to 15 years in prison for violations. Military court sentences for rape included death. The government did not effectively enforce the law. There are no federal laws against spousal violence, including rape..." (31). "Domestic and sexual violence against women remained serious problems despite the provisional federal constitution provision prohibiting any form of violence against women. While both sharia and customary law address the resolution of family disputes, women were not included in the decision-making process." (32). "There is no statutory rape law or minimum age for consensual sex." (35).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Justice was a long time coming for the young Spanish woman gang-raped during the Pamplona bull runs in 2016. On Friday, the Supreme Court in Madrid overturned a lower court's verdict and found the five men who attacked her guilty of rape rather than sexual abuse, and raised their sentences from nine to 15 years in prison" (para. 1). "According to Amnesty International, three-quarters of EU member states, including Spain, legally recognise an assault as rape only when physical violence, threats or coercion are involved. A victim must have demonstrated resistance" (para. 2).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Amendment IX to the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China approved in August 2015 strengthened protection of women, especially of girls under the age of 14, and specified harsher punishments for the crimes of raping girls under the age of 14 and abducting and trafficking in women and children" (para. 41).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal" (17). "The law prohibits sexual intercourse with children younger than 15" (19).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, prescribing criminal penalties of 15 to 25 years’ imprisonment, or life imprisonment for cases of rape involving armed abduction. Spousal rape is not illegal. The government did not effectively enforce the law. Civil society organizations reported police pressure not to pursue charges." (42). "The government prioritized efforts to address sexual harassment. The penal code defines sexual harassment as a crime, with penalties including fines and sentences of six months to five years’ imprisonment if convicted. Media and NGOs reported that sexual harassment by police was also a problem, and the potential for further harassment further discouraged women from filing complaints." (42). "On July 30, a Cairo...more
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits rape of men or women, it does not recognize spousal rape as a crime" (18). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 18 years" (20).
Oct. 22, 2019, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In February 2015, an amendment to Artice 149 of the Criminal Code changed the definition of rape and added Article 151 (3) to criminalize the offense of sexual harassment. Under the new definition of rape, rape victim could no longer be prosecuted for adultery." (pg 41). "There is no minimum age for consensual sex or statutory rape law." (pg 44).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal… The law does not address spousal rape" (20). "The minimum age of sexual consent is 18" (21).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal" (25). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 12. The statutory rape law criminalizes sex with minors under 12 and sex with a child under 18 involving force, threat, or intimidation" (28).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal, but the government did not effectively enforce the law" (23). "The law prescribes five to 10 years in prison for violators. According to a local women’s group, however, penalties actually imposed for rape ranged from as few as several months’ imprisonment to rarely more than three years" (23). "NGOs and women’s advocacy groups reported rape, especially spousal rape, was common. Domestic violence against women, including rape and beatings, was widespread but rarely reported" (23). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 18" (25).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality. The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (page 39). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18 for...more
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape regardless of age or gender is illegal and punishable if convicted by five to 10 years’ imprisonment or up to 15 years if the victim is younger than 15" (page 9).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is a criminal offense under sharia with a wide range of penalties from flogging to execution" (40).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape and sexual violence carry basic penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment. The law establishes 15 years as the minimum age for consensual sex" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape and sexual violence, which carry a penalty of five to 25 years in prison" (p. 14).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 years" (p. 18).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of women but not spousal rape" (p. 14).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum age of consensual sex is 15" (p. 18).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape and domestic violence" (p. 16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Authorities only occasionally prosecuted perpetrators of sexual violence. The judicial system did not provide consistent and predictable recourse or legal protection, and traditional legal systems were subject to ethnic variations" (page 12). "Rape is prohibited and punishable by imprisonment" (page 15). "The law prohibits sexual relations with girls under age 14, even if married, but authorities rarely enforced the ban" (page 17).
July 21, 2019, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Last December, Magufuli pardoned two child rapists who raped 10 primary school children, after serving 13 years of their life sentences" (para 19).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is a felony, subject to punishment by at least 15 years in prison, but the government did not enforce the law" (Pg 44).
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"There is a statutory rape law prohibiting sex with a person under age 16" (p. 9).
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides penalties for conviction of two to 12 years in prison" (p. 8).
July 19, 2019, 4:56 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"It is further concerned that marital rape is not specifically criminalized and that no definition of statutory rape exists in the State party’s legislation owing to the absence of a legal minimum age of sexual consent" (7).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of two to 10 years’ imprisonment for conviction of attempted sexual violation and at least 12 years’ imprisonment for conviction of rape or sexual violation" (page 49). "By law, if the victim of abuse is between ages 12 and 18, molestation results in a three-to-eight-year prison sentence, sexual abuse in an eight-to-15-year sentence, and rape in a sentence of at least 16 years. If the victim is younger than 12, molestation results in a minimum five-year prison sentence, sexual abuse in a minimum 10-year sentence, and rape in a minimum 18-year sentence" (page 52). "The age of consent...more
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"In July parliament passed the new criminal code that will not come into effect until 2018. In the meantime the existing law requires prison sentences for rape that vary between five and 15 years depending on the victim’s age. The law also mandates five years’ additional imprisonment in the case of gang rape, rape of pregnant women, or rape of a woman with disabilities. The victim’s compensation depends on the degree of mental and physical abuse. Under the 2015 Act to Amend Some Nepal Acts to Maintain Gender Equality and End Gender-Based Violence, the sentence for marital rape is three to five years’ imprisonment and the statute of limitations for...more