The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, but there is no provision criminalizing spousal rape" (para 54). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 years" (para 64).
Feb. 14, 2019, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape or sexual assault of a person known to be a minor is punishable by up to 15 years’ imprisonment. . . The minimum age for consensual sex is 16" (37).
Feb. 12, 2019, 8:23 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, GEW-LAW-1

"The main reforms proposed under the initiative include: (iv) The Military Prosecution Service will be given greater powers to order the protection of witnesses, victims, judges, magistrates, military prosecutors and members of the police in general. The functions of the Military Judicial Police will include: (...) Helping victims or injured parties and protecting witnesses in cases of offences against freedom and sexual security" (21).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape and provides a penalty of five to 20 years’ imprisonment for offenders, but the government did not enforce the law effectively. . . . No law specifically prohibits spousal rape, but law enforcement officials stated criminal laws against rape apply to spousal rape" (page 20). "The country has a statutory rape law that defines 18 as the minimum age for consensual sex. The law, which was inconsistent with the legal minimum marriage age of 15 for girls, was not enforced" (page 23-24).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27).
Feb. 7, 2019, 7:20 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

In 2018, the need for consent ahead of sexual intercourse in law was introduced. (JSM - Coder comment).
Feb. 7, 2019, 7:20 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Finland has moved to change its laws on sexual assault and automatically classify sex with a child and sex without consent as rape… It would also enshrine the need for consent ahead of sexual intercourse in law" (para.1 - 3).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:33 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence. Rape convictions carry a minimum sentence of 10 years’ imprisonment. When informed, police and the judiciary generally enforced the law promptly and effectively; nevertheless, sexual assault and rape were commonplace" (Pg 16).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, but as in previous years, the government failed to enforce the law effectively and rape cases were underreported. Penalties for conviction of sexual assault range from three to eight years’ imprisonment. Prosecutors rarely brought rape cases to court. Statistics on the number of cases or convictions during the year were not available. Police generally regarded spousal rape as an administrative offense" (Pg 23-24).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

" Rape is illegal, but the government did not enforce the law effectively, and rape remained a serious and pervasive problem...The law’s definition of rape does not specifically criminalize spousal rape. First-degree rape--defined as rape involving a minor, rape that results in serious injury or disability, or rape committed with the use of a deadly weapon--is punishable by up to life imprisonment. Second-degree rape, defined as rape committed without the aggravating circumstances enumerated above, is punishable by up to 10 years in prison. Defendants accused of first-degree rape may be denied bail if evidence presented at arraignment meets certain evidentiary standards" (Pg 14).
Feb. 4, 2019, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape or forcible sexual assault and establishes penalties for violations ranging from three years to life in prison. The law also criminalizes spousal rape" (Pg 28).
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Act No. 9406 of 24 October 2016 strengthening the legal protection of girls and adolescent women against gender-based violence and abusive relationships, which criminalizes sexual relations with girls under 15 years of age and prohibits marriage under 18 years of age" (1). "Amendments to the Domestic Violence Act (Act No. 7586), defining the crime of abuse, and amendments to the Criminalization of Violence against Women Act (Act No. 8589), expanding protection orders in cases of sexual abuse and assistance and legal advice for victims, in 2011" (2).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and provides penalties of up to 10 years in prison for rape or sexual assault. If the victim is a minor under age 18, the sentences range from three years to 15 years in prison . . . For sexual abuse of a minor, the law sets the maximum sentences at imprisonment of up to three years or penalty fee. For cases involving intercourse, authorities can increase the sentence 10 years" (page 21). "The minimum age of consent is 14 when married and 16 when not married. While there is a statutory rape law for those under 14, the maximum penalty is a...more
Jan. 21, 2019, 9:18 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In 2016, Germany eased the prosecution of rape by changing the definition of rape. Since then, verbal or nonverbal resistance is enough. Before, victims had to proof that they physically resisted (verbally was not enough) or that they were unable to do so (because some gave you drugs for example – being in a state of shock was not enough). In this new law, threatening people to have sex is now also a criminal offense as well as sexual harassment that takes the form of physical contact. Both could not be prosecuted before" (Para 3-4).
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Cladem’s study of 14 countries, Child Mothers. Forced Child Pregnancy and Motherhood in Latin America and the Caribbean, underscores that according to the laws in this region, all births to girls under the age of 14 are legally the result of rape or statutory rape" (para. 8).
Jan. 17, 2019, 3:10 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Cladem’s study of 14 countries, Child Mothers. Forced Child Pregnancy and Motherhood in Latin America and the Caribbean, underscores that according to the laws in this region, all births to girls under the age of 14 are legally the result of rape or statutory rape" (para. 8).
Jan. 10, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, SMPP-LAW-1

"The new code also strengthened other laws related to gender-based violence, including longer jail sentences for rape and criminalizing the practice of secluding menstruating women outside the home" (para 7).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In July, Turkey's constitutional court annulled part of the criminal code which classified all sexual acts with children under 15 as sexual abuse" (para 18).
Jan. 7, 2019, 12:03 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"[The Special Rapportuer] also commended the Government for the steps taken to ensure online safety and stop the spreading of child abuse material through the adoption of the Sexual Offences Against Children Act 2017 and setting up of Special Courts for Sexual Crimes Against Children, the first of its kind in Southeast Asia. She looked forward to receiving data on prosecutions and convictions of sexual crimes against children issued by these courts" (para 9).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Article 4 defines 2 types of rape: forced sex and rape. Forced sex within marriage means any act by a husband to have sexual intercourse with his wife by using force, coercion, threats when the wife does not want to have sex or is in situation when she is not ready to have sex. Rape means the use of force, use of a weapon to threaten, use of anaesthesia drug, use of alcohol or other methods that place women and children in situation that they cannot help themselves, to have sexual relations with women and children. Article 15 defines sexual violence as an act or attempt to act that results...more
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by law, rape, including spousal rape, remained a serious problem. The government generally enforced the law against rape . . . If the victim is under the age of 20, penalties can be more severe (see section 6, Children). Nonconsensual sexual conduct not meeting the definition of rape, such as sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, and molestation, may be prosecuted as “indecent assault,” which is punishable by up to six years in prison, 12 years if the victim is under the age of 18. . . . The sentence is five years in prison for “indecent assault” attempted or committed without violence against a child, which is extended...more
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The most significant human rights issues included . . . lack of adequate enforcement of laws on rape and domestic violence, although the government passed a law during the year designed to deter violence against women and criminalize previously uncovered acts" (page 1). "On June 27, parliament unanimously passed a comprehensive law addressing all forms of gender-based violence, including physical, economic, and social violence. It broadly defines violence against women as 'any restriction denying women equality in the civil, political, economic, social, or cultural domains.' The law, which enjoyed widespread support from both political parties and civil society organizations, adds or updates articles in the Penal Code to meet international...more
Dec. 6, 2018, 12:25 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned: . . . (c) That the Children Act (2012), while raising the minimum age of sexual consent to 18 years and criminalizing contraventions, also introduced exemptions under the Marriage Act, the Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act, the Hindu Marriage Act and the Orisa Marriage Act, thereby legitimizing child marriage" (page 6).
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"But scholars say Japanese women are far less likely to describe nonconsensual sex as rape than women in the West. Japan’s rape laws make no mention of consent, date rape is essentially a foreign concept and education about sexual violence is minimal" (para 10). "Japanese law describes the crime of “quasi-rape” as sexual intercourse with a woman by “taking advantage of loss of consciousness or inability to resist" (para 25). "Over the summer, Parliament passed the first changes to Japan’s sex crime laws in 110 years, expanding the definition of rape to include oral and anal sex and including men as potential victims. Lawmakers also lengthened minimum sentences. But the...more
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape of a female by a male and physical spousal abuse, but the law excludes marital rape if the female is above 13" (25).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape of men and women is a crime" (10). "The criminal code and the law criminalize sexual harassment" (11). "The minimum legal age for consensual sex is 16. Sexual relations with a child under age 14 are considered a public crime and invoke mandatory reporting from anyone who becomes aware of the crime. Between ages 14 and 16, sexual relations are a semipublic crime and may be reported by any involved party (the minor or the minor’s parents or guardians)" (12).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The federal law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and imposes penalties of up to 20 years’ imprisonment. Twenty-three states and the Federal District have laws criminalizing spousal rape" (para. 19). "Federal labor law prohibits sexual harassment and provides for fines from 250 to 5,000 times the minimum daily wage. Sexual harassment is criminalized in 15 of 31 states and the Federal District, and all states have provisions for punishment when the perpetrator is in a position of power" (para. 20).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The federal law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and imposes penalties of up to 20 years’ imprisonment. Twenty-three states and the Federal District have laws criminalizing spousal rape" (para. 19). "Federal labor law prohibits sexual harassment and provides for fines from 250 to 5,000 times the minimum daily wage. Sexual harassment is criminalized in 15 of 31 states and the Federal District, and all states have provisions for punishment when the perpetrator is in a position of power" (para. 20).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Internet law allows the government to prohibit a website or remove content if there is sufficient suspicion that the site is committing any of eight crimes: . . . engaging in obscenity, prostitution, or gambling; encouraging suicide, sexual abuse of children . . . " (page 34). "The law prohibits sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of imprisonment for attempted sexual violation from two to 10 years, and for rape or actual sexual violation for not less than 12 years . . . The law covers all women, regardless of marital status, and provides for police and local authorities to grant various levels of protection and support...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The legal age of consent is 16 for both boys and girls" (14).