The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits sexual relations with a child under 18 years of age" (p. 19).
June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal" (p. 17).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape with penalties of up to 15 years in prison but does not criminalize spousal rape. The government generally enforced the law when individuals reported cases, but there were indications that many victims did not report rape because of cultural and societal factors. During the year police charged 159 individuals with rape or attempted rape. Foreign nationals working as domestic employees occasionally reported that their sponsors or employees of labor recruitment agencies had sexually abused them. According to diplomatic observers, police investigations resulted in few rape convictions" (Pg 13-14).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape in most cases, although marital rape is not illegal when the woman is over the age of 15" (37).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"On May 25, the government enacted the Violence Against Persons Prohibition (VAPP) Act. It addresses sexual violence, physical violence, psychological violence, harmful traditional practices, and socioeconomic violence. Under the VAPP, spousal battery, forceful ejection from home, forced financial dependence or economic abuse, harmful widowhood practices, female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), harmful traditional practices, substance attacks (such as acid attacks), political violence, and violence by state actors (especially government security forces) are offenses. Victims and survivors of violence are entitled to comprehensive medical, psychological, social, and legal assistance by accredited service providers and government agencies, with their identities protected during court cases. The act makes the National Agency for the Prohibition of...more
June 13, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum age for consensual sexual relations is 16" (p. 19).
June 13, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape and other sexual offenses, and courts have discretion to sentence convicted rapists to life imprisonment with hard labor" (p. 17).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1

"Rape was a widespread problem. It is punishable by 10 to 30 years in prison, depending on the circumstances and age of the victim. Most rape cases went unreported due to victims’ fear or shame. According to the prime minister, surveys in 2010 on gender-based violence showed that at some point in their lives 43.2 percent of women nationwide had experienced physical violence, and 28.3 percent experienced sexual violence" (Pg 16).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for consensual sex is 14" (58). "The law [in Macau] criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence, but same-sex couples were not covered by the domestic violence law. The government effectively enforced these laws" (102). "The criminal code [in Macau] sets 14 years as the age of sexual consent" (103). "[In Hong Kong] The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape" (125).
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law defines rape in broad terms and allows for the prosecution of spousal rape. The courts tried numerous cases of rape during the year, and the government generally enforced court sentences providing between five and 45 years’ imprisonment for those convicted. Between January and July, police received reports of 565 rapes. Women’s groups and NGOs believed the actual prevalence of rape was higher, with only a small fraction of cases prosecuted and fewer still resulting in conviction. Factors hampering rape prosecutions included limited police capacity and the withdrawal of allegations by alleged victims after the filing of charges. Many rape cases are heard by traditional authorities rather than in...more
June 11, 2019, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Bahamas
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The penalties for rape of a minor are the same as those for rape of an adult. While a victim’s consent is insufficient defense against allegations of statutory rape, it is sufficient defense if the accused had 'reasonable cause to believe that the victim was above 16 years of age,' provided the accused was under age 18" (13). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16" (13).
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape and Domestic Violence: These acts are illegal. In most cases the penalty for rape, including spousal rape, is one to 10 years in prison. When the victim is younger than 14, suffers serious bodily injury, or is the victim of several perpetrators, punishment may be more severe. Imposed sentences were generally lenient, the average being three years" (Pg 24). "The age of sexual consent is 18. There is a statutory rape law. Sexual activity with a juvenile carries a prison sentence of up to three years. Paying a juvenile for sexual activity carries a prison term of three months to five years. Authorities may fine or imprison for one...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Revision of the Penal Code (from 2014) — In order to suit its applicability to the current context, considering that the previous one was developed at the end of the XIX century. Although it was not yet promulgated (already approved by the Assembly of the Republic), the following great innovations of this code are: (...) (ii) Penalization of sex with conscious transmission of diseases; (iii) Not forcing an aggressor to marry the sexually abused woman or child, although the age limit for minors is still to be considered (for cases of sexual violations of minors, only children until the age of 16 years old are considered)" (6).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The age of consent is 14, according to the Penal Code. Some commercial sexual exploitation of children also occurred. The penal code makes sexual conduct by an adult with anyone below the age of 17 a crime, and increases penalties when such conduct involves victims younger than 14" (p. 15).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"Although rape, including marital rape, is a crime punishable by up to 20 years in prison, failures to investigate or prosecute cases of alleged rape and sexual abuse were common" (p. 12).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law strictly prohibits sexual harassment and does not distinguish between sexual assault and sexual harassment. Both carry a minimum prison sentence of four years at hard labor" (31).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, ACR-LAW-1

"The Penal Code was revised (Legislative-decree No. 4/2015, 11 November), typifying genocide, crimes against humanity, exploitation of child prostitution and human trafficking. Additionally, it typified crimes of Unconsented Artificial Procreation (article 152ºA) and increased sentence time for all sexual crimes, including sexual crimes against spouse, ex-spouse or partner, as well as crimes based on sexual orientation; increased the age for the crime of minor sexual abuse (previously considered for 14 to 16-year-old minors and now 14 to 18 years — article 145º). The revision of the Penal Code expanded the possibility of punishment for crimes committed outside of the national territory, including FGM (4º, No. 1, al. d)" (10).more
June 7, 2019, 11:46 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, IRP-LAW-1

"Pursuant to Article 39 (1) (2) of the EVAW Law, the law permits a woman complainant to withdraw her case at any stage of proceedings, with the exception of five acts of violence against women which the State must act on, irrespective of whether a complaint is filed or subsequently withdrawn. These are the crimes of rape, enforced prostitution, publicising the identity of a victim, burning or the use of chemical substances and forced self-immolation or suicide – commonly referred to as the ‘five serious violence against women offences'" (Pg 16).
June 7, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16" (p. 12).
June 7, 2019, 8 a.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape" (p. 10).
June 5, 2019, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal, but criminal law does not specifically address spousal rape" (32). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16. The law classifies sexual intercourse with a juvenile as rape, provided the perpetrator is proven to be aware of the victim’s age" (35).
June 4, 2019, 6:17 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law sets the minimum age for consensual sex at 18" (p. 16).
June 4, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes the rape of women or men, including spousal rape, and domestic violence" (p. 13 - 14).
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape" (p. 13).
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The legal age of consent is 16" (p. 24).
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape" (p. 22).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"While there is no statutory rape law, by law the minimum age of consensual sex is 16 for both boys and girls" (p. 13).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, but if reported, the law was often not enforced effectively by authorities" (p. 11).
June 3, 2019, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1

"There is a strong anti-violence against women law in Senegal, which was passed in 1999. However, there is a lack of enforcement. Many judges often dismiss acts of VAW as lesser offences, or release offenders without condemning them. There is a recent case of a famous journalist accused of rape; and there are compromising texts that many are using to try and discredit the claim of rape, especially because of the accused’s fame and status. Women’s groups however are demanding a broader understanding of rape as the lack of consent, even if there were intimate relations before. Expanding understandings of rape and consent is important, and impunity is a key...more
June 2, 2019, 7:22 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum age for consensual sexual relations is 16" (p. 13)