The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-1

April 3, 2020, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"One of the ruling Chinese Communist Party’s founding principles, after all, is that women and men are equal, and recent changes in legislation introduced harsher penalties for rapists and child abusers. In December 2015, China’s legislature passed a omestic violence law, although it does not directly address sexual violence" (para 4).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is a criminal offense, with punishment that ranges from a minimum of 10 to 25 years in prison and a fine to the death penalty. The penalty for gang rape is death or life imprisonment" (37). " In 2016 Parliament passed a new antirape law that provides for collection of DNA evidence and includes nondisclosure of a rape victim’s name, the right to legal representation of rape victims, and enhanced penalties for rape of victims with mental or physical disabilities" (37). "In 2016 the government updated its definition of statutory rape and expanded the previous definition, which was sexual intercourse with a girl younger than 16, to include boys"...more
March 30, 2020, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Spain has yet to change its rape laws, but it's in the process of doing so now. Under its current law a complainant needs to prove there was violence or intimidation in order for their case to be treated as a 'rape'" (para 27).
March 30, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"And Sweden, Denmark's neighbour and the top country in the EU's Gender Equality Index, only brought in a consent-based law last July" (para 26).
March 30, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Of those, Germany only changed to a consent-based definition [of rape] in 2016. Victims also used to have to prove that they physically resisted their rapists, but this was repealed that year too" (para 25).
March 30, 2020, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Crucially, it [the Danish law] defines rape as involving force or a threat of violence, rather than on whether or not there was consent. For this reason, the Danish National Police Guidelines say that officers should ask rape complainants about 'resistance to the perpetrator' - that is, whether or not they tried to physically fight them off" (para 15-16). "Denmark isn't the only European country to have drawn criticism for having a force-based definition of rape. According to another recent report from Amnesty released in November, out of 31 European countries they looked into, only eight have consent-based definitions of rape" (para 23). "Denmark only fully criminalised spousal rape in...more
March 4, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Adopted in 2009, the Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW) law criminalized practices which are harmful to women such as physical abuse and sexual assault." (7).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape and the use of threats or violence to claim a marital right to intercourse'" (27).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, but it does not criminalize spousal rape because the law states a woman may not refuse sexual relations with her husband" (28). "The law does not define statutory rape and does not impose an age limit for consensual sex" (31).
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"A person who, through assault or intimidation, forcibly commits an indecent act upon a male or female of not less than thirteen years of age shall be punished by imprisonment with work for not less than 6 months but not more than 10 years. The same shall apply to a person who commits an indecent act upon a male or female under thirteen years of age... A person who, through assault or intimidation, forcibly commits sexual intercourse with a female of not less than thirteen years of age commits the crime of rape and shall be punished by imprisonment with work for a definite term of not less than 3...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, providing penalties of five to 15 years in prison for violations. Military court sentences for rape included death. The government did not effectively enforce the law. There are no federal laws against spousal violence, including rape..." (31). "Domestic and sexual violence against women remained serious problems despite the provisional federal constitution provision prohibiting any form of violence against women. While both sharia and customary law address the resolution of family disputes, women were not included in the decision-making process." (32). "There is no statutory rape law or minimum age for consensual sex." (35).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Justice was a long time coming for the young Spanish woman gang-raped during the Pamplona bull runs in 2016. On Friday, the Supreme Court in Madrid overturned a lower court's verdict and found the five men who attacked her guilty of rape rather than sexual abuse, and raised their sentences from nine to 15 years in prison" (para. 1). "According to Amnesty International, three-quarters of EU member states, including Spain, legally recognise an assault as rape only when physical violence, threats or coercion are involved. A victim must have demonstrated resistance" (para. 2).
Dec. 8, 2019, 8:28 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, TRAFF-LAW-1

"The Amendment IX to the Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China approved in August 2015 strengthened protection of women, especially of girls under the age of 14, and specified harsher punishments for the crimes of raping girls under the age of 14 and abducting and trafficking in women and children" (para. 41).
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal" (17). "The law prohibits sexual intercourse with children younger than 15" (19).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law prohibits rape, prescribing criminal penalties of 15 to 25 years’ imprisonment, or life imprisonment for cases of rape involving armed abduction. Spousal rape is not illegal. The government did not effectively enforce the law. Civil society organizations reported police pressure not to pursue charges." (42). "The government prioritized efforts to address sexual harassment. The penal code defines sexual harassment as a crime, with penalties including fines and sentences of six months to five years’ imprisonment if convicted. Media and NGOs reported that sexual harassment by police was also a problem, and the potential for further harassment further discouraged women from filing complaints." (42). "On July 30, a Cairo...more
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"While the law prohibits rape of men or women, it does not recognize spousal rape as a crime" (18). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 18 years" (20).
Oct. 22, 2019, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"In February 2015, an amendment to Artice 149 of the Criminal Code changed the definition of rape and added Article 151 (3) to criminalize the offense of sexual harassment. Under the new definition of rape, rape victim could no longer be prosecuted for adultery." (pg 41). "There is no minimum age for consensual sex or statutory rape law." (pg 44).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal… The law does not address spousal rape" (20). "The minimum age of sexual consent is 18" (21).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal" (25). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 12. The statutory rape law criminalizes sex with minors under 12 and sex with a child under 18 involving force, threat, or intimidation" (28).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Rape is illegal, but the government did not effectively enforce the law" (23). "The law prescribes five to 10 years in prison for violators. According to a local women’s group, however, penalties actually imposed for rape ranged from as few as several months’ imprisonment to rarely more than three years" (23). "NGOs and women’s advocacy groups reported rape, especially spousal rape, was common. Domestic violence against women, including rape and beatings, was widespread but rarely reported" (23). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 18" (25).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality. The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (page 39). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 18 for...more
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape regardless of age or gender is illegal and punishable if convicted by five to 10 years’ imprisonment or up to 15 years if the victim is younger than 15" (page 9).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is a criminal offense under sharia with a wide range of penalties from flogging to execution" (40).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape and sexual violence carry basic penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment. The law establishes 15 years as the minimum age for consensual sex" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape and sexual violence, which carry a penalty of five to 25 years in prison" (p. 14).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 years" (p. 18).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape of women but not spousal rape" (p. 14).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"The minimum age of consensual sex is 15" (p. 18).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape and domestic violence" (p. 16).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LRW-LAW-1

"Authorities only occasionally prosecuted perpetrators of sexual violence. The judicial system did not provide consistent and predictable recourse or legal protection, and traditional legal systems were subject to ethnic variations" (page 12). "Rape is prohibited and punishable by imprisonment" (page 15). "The law prohibits sexual relations with girls under age 14, even if married, but authorities rarely enforced the ban" (page 17).