The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Domestic violence and rape cases are not reconcilable under The Crimes Decree and Criminal Procedure Decree. The misuse of cultural practices such as bulubulu (traditional reconciliation practices) to force reconciliation has been eradicated by training in gender competence of police officers, prosecutors, judges and magistrates. This means that the traditional practice of reconciliation and forgiveness ceremony cannot be forced onto victims of rape or domestic violence cases. The judiciary has received intensive training to ensure that reconciliation which is forced on to victims of sexual offences is not used to persuade the court to impose non-custodial sentences. The police have a no-drop policy which means that police officer have no ...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The underreporting of gender-based violence to the police and the low prosecution and conviction rates, resulting in impunity for the perpetrators" (Pg 9).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-2

"The Committee is concerned: (a) That there is no legislation specifically criminalizing violence against women, in particular child and/or forced marriage and marital rape, and that there is no comprehensive policy framework to address such violence; (b) That gender-based violence against women in the domestic sphere is not considered by courts in child custody or visitation decisions, thus forcing women to continue to face their abusers, and risking further exposing their children to violence; (c) That domestic and sexual violence appear to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity; (d) That cases of violence against women continue to be underreported, owing to an apparent lack ...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Furthermore, the Government has inserted into the Criminal Code (Law No.1/05 of 22 April 2009, revising the Criminal Code) clause that severely punish trafficking in women and girls. Involved are above all offences against public morals (les bonnes mœurs, Articles 538 to 565): ...indecent assault, and rape (for rape, the sentences established cannot be reduced, cannot prescribe due to any statute of limitation, and cannot be included in an amnesty or pardoned" (15).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the adoption in 2013 of the Domestic Violence Act and the Sexual Offences Act, but is concerned that violence against women remains widespread. It is particularly concerned about: (a) The lack of criminalization of marital rape and the unclear provisions in the Domestic Violence Act relating to the definition of “aggravated” domestic violence and allowing for out-of-court settlements, which often do not take into account women’s best interests; (b) The insufficient implementation of the Domestic Violence Act and the Sexual Offences Act owing, for example, to a lack of resources and the absence of regulations, guidelines and effective reporting mechanisms; (c) The lack of support for women ...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is a sentence of only five to seven years if the victim is under 15. If the victim is between the ages of 15 and 18, and the rapist is one of her legitimate or illegitimate ancestors, he is punished by a sentence of 3 to 15 years" (11). "By contrast, the proposed draft penal code raises the penalty for rapists to 20 years, and life imprisonment if the victim was under 18 or unable to resist due to impairment or disability" (11).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"For a description of the special types of crime called gross violation of integrity and gross violation of a woman’s integrity, see Sweden’s fifth report. Violation of integrity crimes have recently been evaluated. The investigation shows that the introduction of these crimes led to a general increase in the penal value of repeat offending in close relationships. On 1 July 2013 the minimum penalty for these crimes was increased and the scope of their application was widened in order to further strengthen the protection in penal law against repeated violations by closely related persons. Today violation of integrity crimes cover various types of violent crimes, crimes against liberty and peace, ...more
Feb. 2, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The maximum penalty is 20 years’ imprisonment; however, indefinite detention may occur in cases where the parole board, during its annual review, believes the prisoner poses a continuing threat to society" (8).
Jan. 30, 2018, 6:23 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The laws of individual states and territories provide the penalties for rape. Maximum penalties range from 12 years’ to life imprisonment, depending on the jurisdiction and aggravating factors" (14). "The law prohibits citizens and residents from engaging in, facilitating, or benefiting from sexual activity with children overseas who are younger than 16 years and provides for a maximum sentence of 17 years’ imprisonment for violations...Maximum penalties for violations vary across jurisdictions. Defenses include reasonable grounds for believing the alleged victim was older than the legal age of consent and situations in which the two persons are close in age" (17).
Jan. 25, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law specifies penalties for conviction of rape or forcible sexual assault ranging from four years’ imprisonment to the death penalty, as well as fines, depending on such factors as age of the victim, severity of the assault, use of a weapon, multiple assailants, and physical and mental condition of the victim afterward. The amount of the fine depends on the severity of injury to the victim and generally varies from 8,000 to 40,000 baht ($220 to $1,110). The law also provides that any individual convicted twice for the same type of criminal rape within three years may receive increased penalties for recidivism" (35). "The law imposes a jail term ...more
Jan. 10, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"While in South Sudan, the Commission interviewed a rape survivor whose case was mediated by village elders who ordered the perpetrator to pay compensation of a goat and a small sum of money. For many women this sort of informal mediation system is the only justice system available" (para 4).
Jan. 10, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In the past year in Japan, we’ve made some progress. In July, our lower house of parliament (where just 10.1 percent of seats are held by women) amended the law pertaining to sexual assault to increase minimum sentences from three to five years, recognize male victims and widen the definition of what constitutes rape. But we need to keep pushing for more change...To establish a case, victims need to prove 'violence and intimidation,' something that is virtually impossible" (para 34).
Jan. 9, 2018, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal and punishable by 12 to 20 years of imprisonment" (para 6).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with prison terms of five to 10 years, or eight to 10 years under aggravating circumstances, such as use of a weapon"(16)."The law against gender violence stipulates stiff penalties for harassment and both physical and emotional abuse and provides for prison terms of up to 30 years for murder"(16)."The law prohibits sexual harassment in cases of established employer-employee relations in the public and private sectors and in teacher-student relations.Violators face a maximum three-year prison sentence. The extent of the problem was difficult to determine, because convictions for sexual harassment were rare, and pre-employment sexual harassment was not actionable"(17)."The law prohibits consensual sex between ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The draft law was approved in July 2016, though it has yet to go into effect. Its provisions include prohibiting all forms of violence against women (physical, psychological, sexual or economic), and issuing prison sentences or financial penalties should the law be broken. The law criminalizes marital rape, ends impunity for rapists who marry their victims and also criminalizes sexual harassment, with either imprisonment or financial penalty as the consequence. The penalty for these transgressions largely appears to be imprisonment for differing degrees of time (with increased severity if the victim is a family member), rather than a protective measure, such as a restraining order" (para 4).more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"So why not observe these marriages for five years and keep the men out of jail to keep the sanctity of the marriage? This issue, Kesir claimed, was brought to their attention by a mother of two who ran off with a man when she was 14. She had two children, and their father is in jail for 8 years. Kesir referred to the couple as man and wife, which makes one wonder when they legally got married and when these children were born. Why was this illegal situation not caught when the first baby was born? Kesir claimed that his main concern was to help the father, who was ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"'When such a law becomes a reality, people like me will feel that [the bill has] restored [our] rights,' said Shaimaa Ghazal, the mother of a 5-year-old girl whose attempted rape and subsequent murder in 2013 shocked Egypt and gave rise to repeated calls for tougher action against rapists. Despite the horrific nature of the crime, the rapists were only sentenced to 15 years in prison" (para 15).
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Many Egyptians are hoping that a new bill, set to come before parliament in two months, will put a stop to a surge in rapes throughout the country. The bill, prepared by the National Council for Women (NCW), a state-run agency that seeks to defend women's rights, would authorize the death penalty for rapists — a first in Egypt" (para 1). "According to the bill proposed by Khalil and his colleagues, if the rape victim is under 18 or has a mental or psychological disorder, the rapist will be sentenced to death. However, if the rape victim is over 18, the rapist will be sentenced to death or life in ...more
Nov. 27, 2017, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sexual abuse without coercion is an offense punishable of a maximum sentence of five years in prison. A rape conviction carries a maximum prison sentence of 15 years, or 20 years when the victim is under 15 years old" (para 22).
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"According to the KINU 2015 white paper, the 2012 revision of the country’s criminal code indicated a sentence reduction for rape and domestic violence"(12)."The law states that a man who has sexual intercourse with a girl under age 15 shall be 'punished gravely.' There was no reporting on whether the government upheld this law"(14)
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"In view of the challenges of cultural practices that violate the rights of women and girls in many African communities, a Kenyan Cultural elder from the Njuri Ncheke Meru Community Benjamin Mugambi castigated accomplices to retrogressive practices that continue to entrap vulnerable indigenous communities to continued violations.'It is wrong for families to encourage this kind of practice by paying the “hyenas” to persist the violation. When parents give away their children to be sexually violated then this is a criminal act that is punishable by law and must be fully condemned'"(para 15-16)
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"As the first case [a man with HIV who knowingly sexually violated around 104 women] to be tried under the Malawi Gender Equality Act 2013, observers affirm that the sentence [he was sentenced to two years] should have been higher to deter potential offenders and to bar communities from persisting with the practice"(para 5)."Malawi’s Gender Equality At [Act] 2013 states that the criminal offence of sexual violation attracts a fine of 1 Million Malawi kwacha (Approx. $1200) or face a jail term of a maximum 5 years"(para 11)."'It is a disgrace that in our communities we still perpetuate this kind of violation to our women and girls. It is time ...more
Sept. 21, 2017, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Noemi's story isn't unusual. Across America, there are state laws that don't protect women who became pregnant through rape from being forced to share their children with their rapists"(para 6). According to the infographic, New Mexico, Wyoming, North Dakota, Minnesota, Mississippi, Alabama, and Maryland do not have state laws protecting rape victims from custody fights (ENB-Coder Comment)."Her attacker was charged with first-degree sexual assault but was able to plead to a lesser charge of third-degree sexual assault. Under Nebraska law, Noemi could terminate her attacker's parental rights if he'd been convicted of sexual assault in the first degree. But because he was convicted of third-degree assault, his parental rights were ...more
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“The legislation is being introduced as the country opens up after half a century of military rule, and includes new laws to … make gang-rape punishable by death” (para 3).
Aug. 9, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The lawyers tried to persuade the court that the sex was consensual and that he should be given only 100 lashes as punishment, Bahram said. Judge Sulaiman Rasouli rejected that argument because it would mean lashing the girl too and treating her as an adulterer rather than a rape victim, according to news reports" (para 28). "The court sentenced the mullah to the maximum 20-year sentence" (para 33).
Aug. 7, 2017, 5:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Hungary, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Senegal, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Zambia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

The table, based upon the UN Women Progress of the World's Women: In Pursuit of Justice report, indicates that Afghanistan does not have laws against marital rape (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 7, 2017, 5:12 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Brazil, Burundi, Canada, France, Greece, Malaysia, Malta, Namibia, New Zealand, Rwanda, Slovakia, Turkey, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

The table, based upon the UN Women Progress of the World's Women: In Pursuit of Justice report, indicates that Afghanistan does have laws against marital rape (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 7, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In California, legislators have proposed several bills meant to prevent short sentences for sexual assaults, including one that would require a mandatory-minimum term for anyone convicted of sexually assaulting an intoxicated or unconscious person"(para 3)."Under California law, most instances of rape are punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence of three to eight years. However, for certain kinds of sexual assault, judges can opt out of the mandatory punishment. If a defendant did not use physical force, a judge may have him serve some of that time as probation.Of course, Mr. Turner had no need to use such force. The victim was blacked out, unable to resist. California legislators are correct ...more
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that the Ministry of Justice established a committee to review the Penal Code in order to address various issues, including:...raising the low penalties for sex crimes" (6)
May 5, 2017, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape and sexual violence, which carry a penalty of five to 25 years in prison" (17).