The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal and carries a maximum penalty of 25 years’ imprisonment" (11). "The law criminalizes sexual relations by an adult with a child--male or female--under the age of 16 and provides for penalties ranging from 15 years to life imprisonment" (11). "Sexual relations by an adult with a child under the age of 16 is punishable by up to life imprisonment. The law provides for a Sex Offenders Registry, which the Department of Corrections administers" (14).
June 26, 2018, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Convicted rapists generally received prison sentences of three to five years" (13).
June 25, 2018, 9 p.m.
Countries: Luxembourg
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for violations range from five to 10 years’ imprisonment" (7).
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for rape range from one to ten years in prison" (14). "The maximum penalty for statutory rape is imprisonment for 10 years" (17).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Instead of juries, the law requires that a panel of lay assessors and a magistrate hear cases involving murder, rape, robbery, indecent assault, and assault leading to serious bodily harm" (15). "The minimum sentence for rape is 10 years in prison for the first offense. Under certain circumstances, such as second or third offenses, multiple rapes, gang rapes, or the rape of a minor or a person with disabilities, conviction results in a minimum sentence of life imprisonment (25 years), unless substantial and compelling circumstances exist to justify a lesser sentence. Perpetrators with previous rape convictions and perpetrators aware of being HIV positive at the time of the rape also...more
June 14, 2018, 5:52 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Cases of a sensitive nature, including those involving children, rape, and national security, may be closed to the public" (4). "The law stipulates more severe penalties for repeated crimes and for cases in which the perpetrator had a close relationship with the victim. Penalties range from two to 10 years in prison" (10).
June 12, 2018, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"An advisor counsels Kahtera and the subtitle states the following: 'We need to prove that it was rape and not consensual intercourse, otherwise they are going to charge you for illegal sex'" (1:14). While there are laws, it appears that part of the evidence must include proof that the encounter was not concensual in order to find fault with the attacker (AA-CODER COMMENT).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the adoption in 2012 of Law No. 6284 on the Prevention of Violence against Women and the Protection of the Family. It notes with concern, however, that the law does not criminalize domestic violence as such, and includes no provision relating to the prosecution or punishment of perpetrators . . . lenient judgments are given to perpetrators of sexual violence, including those found guilty of the rape of girls, and reduced sentences are imposed owing to the perpetrator’s 'good behaviour' during trial" (page 8-9).
June 7, 2018, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law establishes the punishment for rape as not less than five years’ imprisonment, and courts usually sentenced individuals convicted of rape to five to 10 years in prison" (10). "Persons who engage in sex with children under 14 face sentences of three to 10 years in prison. Those who engage in sex with minors between 14 and 16 receive a mandatory prison sentence of three to seven years. Solicitors of sex with minors over 16 but under 18 face up to one year in prison or hard labor or a fine of up to NT$3 million ($92,900)" (12).
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a crime punishable by imprisonment ranging from 15 years to life. The legal system allows village chiefs to negotiate the payment of compensation in lieu of trials for rapists" (15). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16. The maximum penalty for violators is 25 years’ imprisonment or, if the victim is under age 12, life imprisonment" (18). "In 2013 the government also passed laws to reactivate the death penalty and apply it to more crimes, including murder, rape, and robbery" (20).
June 5, 2018, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties range from five to 20 years’ imprisonment...Authorities generally enforced the law effectively. Conviction rates for rape were low for first-time offenders, but sentences were robust for repeat offenders" (20). "In cases where a victim is under 10, there is a mandatory sentence of at least 10 years’ imprisonment; if the victim is between the ages of 10 and 13, up to 10 years’ imprisonment. If the victim is between ages 13 and 15, the court determines the length of imprisonment" (24).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is three to six years’ imprisonment for a single offender and four to 10 years if a group of persons commits the crime or the assailant had prior convictions for sexual assault. Violations are punishable by eight to 15 years in prison if the victim was between the ages of 14 and 18 and by 12 to 20 years in prison if the victim died or was under 14," (52).
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for statutory rape is 15 years’ imprisonment, which can be increased, depending on the age of the victim and relationship to the accused" (19).
May 29, 2018, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The maximum penalty for rape is life imprisonment" (9). "The maximum penalty for sexual relations with a girl under age 13 is life imprisonment, and for sexual relations with a girl above age 12 but under age 15, the penalty is five years’ imprisonment. Consent is not a permissible defense under either of these provisions; however, in the latter case, reasonable belief that the victim was 15 or older is a permissible defense" (12).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sentences are significantly longer and may include capital punishment if the victim is younger than 18 years or is seriously injured or killed. Rape cases tried in court generally resulted in convictions with sentences ranging from three years’ imprisonment to execution" (19).
May 29, 2018, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Most persons convicted received prison sentences of five to 12 years" (11). "The law criminalizes engaging in, or attempting to engage in, a sexual act with a child younger than 17. The maximum sentence in such cases is five years in prison, which can increase to 10 years if the accused is a person in authority, such as a parent or teacher. The law additionally proscribes any person from engaging in, or attempting to engage in, a sexual act with a juvenile younger than 15; the maximum sentence is life imprisonment" (13).
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"No legislation has been adopted specifically criminalizing violence against women, including…marital rape" (7).
May 4, 2018, 5:25 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Colleges have come under fire for leniency toward students they find responsible for sexual assault in disciplinary probes. Federal data show that colleges often reprimand or suspend students in such cases, or order them to undergo counseling, rather than expel them" (pp 53)
April 26, 2018, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is two to 21 years in prison, depending on the severity of the assault, the age of the victim, and the circumstances in which the crime occurred. Very few cases resulted in a sentence longer than three years and four months in prison" (10).
April 25, 2018, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is two to 21 years in prison, depending on the severity of the assault, the age of the victim, and the circumstances in which the crime occurred. Very few cases resulted in a sentence longer than three years and four months in prison" (10).
April 25, 2018, 2:40 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Prosecutors interpreted forcible to mean evidence of force and/or physical resistance by the victim is necessary to consider a sexual encounter to be rape" (14). "The penalty for statutory rape is not less than three years’ imprisonment with mandatory labor, and the law was enforced" (17).
April 23, 2018, 7:43 p.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law subjects rapists to two to seven years’ imprisonment. In severe cases of rape, including organized rape, a repeat offense, or extreme harm to a victim, sentences may range from seven to 15 years’ imprisonment. Authorities prosecuted rape cases fully, but the government did not release arrest, prosecution, conviction, or punishment statistics" (38-39). "Penalties for sex with minors between the ages of 16 and 18, depending upon the circumstances, vary from five to 10 years in prison. The penalty for rape of a child between 13 and 16 carries a sentence of imprisonment from seven to 15 years. If the victim becomes pregnant, the rape is incestuous, or the...more
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Domestic violence and rape cases are not reconcilable under The Crimes Decree and Criminal Procedure Decree. The misuse of cultural practices such as bulubulu (traditional reconciliation practices) to force reconciliation has been eradicated by training in gender competence of police officers, prosecutors, judges and magistrates. This means that the traditional practice of reconciliation and forgiveness ceremony cannot be forced onto victims of rape or domestic violence cases. The judiciary has received intensive training to ensure that reconciliation which is forced on to victims of sexual offences is not used to persuade the court to impose non-custodial sentences. The police have a no-drop policy which means that police officer have no...more
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The underreporting of gender-based violence to the police and the low prosecution and conviction rates, resulting in impunity for the perpetrators" (Pg 9).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-2

"The Committee is concerned: (a) That there is no legislation specifically criminalizing violence against women, in particular child and/or forced marriage and marital rape, and that there is no comprehensive policy framework to address such violence; (b) That gender-based violence against women in the domestic sphere is not considered by courts in child custody or visitation decisions, thus forcing women to continue to face their abusers, and risking further exposing their children to violence; (c) That domestic and sexual violence appear to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity; (d) That cases of violence against women continue to be underreported, owing to an apparent lack...more
March 23, 2018, 1:50 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Furthermore, the Government has inserted into the Criminal Code (Law No.1/05 of 22 April 2009, revising the Criminal Code) clause that severely punish trafficking in women and girls. Involved are above all offences against public morals (les bonnes mœurs, Articles 538 to 565): ...indecent assault, and rape (for rape, the sentences established cannot be reduced, cannot prescribe due to any statute of limitation, and cannot be included in an amnesty or pardoned" (15).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-2

"The Committee notes the adoption in 2013 of the Domestic Violence Act and the Sexual Offences Act, but is concerned that violence against women remains widespread. It is particularly concerned about: (a) The lack of criminalization of marital rape and the unclear provisions in the Domestic Violence Act relating to the definition of “aggravated” domestic violence and allowing for out-of-court settlements, which often do not take into account women’s best interests; (b) The insufficient implementation of the Domestic Violence Act and the Sexual Offences Act owing, for example, to a lack of resources and the absence of regulations, guidelines and effective reporting mechanisms; (c) The lack of support for women...more
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is a sentence of only five to seven years if the victim is under 15. If the victim is between the ages of 15 and 18, and the rapist is one of her legitimate or illegitimate ancestors, he is punished by a sentence of 3 to 15 years" (11). "By contrast, the proposed draft penal code raises the penalty for rapists to 20 years, and life imprisonment if the victim was under 18 or unable to resist due to impairment or disability" (11).
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"For a description of the special types of crime called gross violation of integrity and gross violation of a woman’s integrity, see Sweden’s fifth report. Violation of integrity crimes have recently been evaluated. The investigation shows that the introduction of these crimes led to a general increase in the penal value of repeat offending in close relationships. On 1 July 2013 the minimum penalty for these crimes was increased and the scope of their application was widened in order to further strengthen the protection in penal law against repeated violations by closely related persons. Today violation of integrity crimes cover various types of violent crimes, crimes against liberty and peace,...more