The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

Jan. 10, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"While in South Sudan, the Commission interviewed a rape survivor whose case was mediated by village elders who ordered the perpetrator to pay compensation of a goat and a small sum of money. For many women this sort of informal mediation system is the only justice system available" (para 4).
Jan. 10, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In the past year in Japan, we’ve made some progress. In July, our lower house of parliament (where just 10.1 percent of seats are held by women) amended the law pertaining to sexual assault to increase minimum sentences from three to five years, recognize male victims and widen the definition of what constitutes rape. But we need to keep pushing for more change...To establish a case, victims need to prove 'violence and intimidation,' something that is virtually impossible" (para 34).
Jan. 9, 2018, 12:36 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal and punishable by 12 to 20 years of imprisonment" (para 6).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with prison terms of five to 10 years, or eight to 10 years under aggravating circumstances, such as use of a weapon"(16)."The law against gender violence stipulates stiff penalties for harassment and both physical and emotional abuse and provides for prison terms of up to 30 years for murder"(16)."The law prohibits sexual harassment in cases of established employer-employee relations in the public and private sectors and in teacher-student relations.Violators face a maximum three-year prison sentence. The extent of the problem was difficult to determine, because convictions for sexual harassment were rare, and pre-employment sexual harassment was not actionable"(17)."The law prohibits consensual sex between ...more
Dec. 20, 2017, 11:56 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The draft law was approved in July 2016, though it has yet to go into effect. Its provisions include prohibiting all forms of violence against women (physical, psychological, sexual or economic), and issuing prison sentences or financial penalties should the law be broken. The law criminalizes marital rape, ends impunity for rapists who marry their victims and also criminalizes sexual harassment, with either imprisonment or financial penalty as the consequence. The penalty for these transgressions largely appears to be imprisonment for differing degrees of time (with increased severity if the victim is a family member), rather than a protective measure, such as a restraining order" (para 4).more
Dec. 7, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"So why not observe these marriages for five years and keep the men out of jail to keep the sanctity of the marriage? This issue, Kesir claimed, was brought to their attention by a mother of two who ran off with a man when she was 14. She had two children, and their father is in jail for 8 years. Kesir referred to the couple as man and wife, which makes one wonder when they legally got married and when these children were born. Why was this illegal situation not caught when the first baby was born? Kesir claimed that his main concern was to help the father, who was ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"'When such a law becomes a reality, people like me will feel that [the bill has] restored [our] rights,' said Shaimaa Ghazal, the mother of a 5-year-old girl whose attempted rape and subsequent murder in 2013 shocked Egypt and gave rise to repeated calls for tougher action against rapists. Despite the horrific nature of the crime, the rapists were only sentenced to 15 years in prison" (para 15).
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:26 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Many Egyptians are hoping that a new bill, set to come before parliament in two months, will put a stop to a surge in rapes throughout the country. The bill, prepared by the National Council for Women (NCW), a state-run agency that seeks to defend women's rights, would authorize the death penalty for rapists — a first in Egypt" (para 1). "According to the bill proposed by Khalil and his colleagues, if the rape victim is under 18 or has a mental or psychological disorder, the rapist will be sentenced to death. However, if the rape victim is over 18, the rapist will be sentenced to death or life in ...more
Nov. 27, 2017, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sexual abuse without coercion is an offense punishable of a maximum sentence of five years in prison. A rape conviction carries a maximum prison sentence of 15 years, or 20 years when the victim is under 15 years old" (para 22).
Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"According to the KINU 2015 white paper, the 2012 revision of the country’s criminal code indicated a sentence reduction for rape and domestic violence"(12)."The law states that a man who has sexual intercourse with a girl under age 15 shall be 'punished gravely.' There was no reporting on whether the government upheld this law"(14)
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"In view of the challenges of cultural practices that violate the rights of women and girls in many African communities, a Kenyan Cultural elder from the Njuri Ncheke Meru Community Benjamin Mugambi castigated accomplices to retrogressive practices that continue to entrap vulnerable indigenous communities to continued violations.'It is wrong for families to encourage this kind of practice by paying the “hyenas” to persist the violation. When parents give away their children to be sexually violated then this is a criminal act that is punishable by law and must be fully condemned'"(para 15-16)
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"As the first case [a man with HIV who knowingly sexually violated around 104 women] to be tried under the Malawi Gender Equality Act 2013, observers affirm that the sentence [he was sentenced to two years] should have been higher to deter potential offenders and to bar communities from persisting with the practice"(para 5)."Malawi’s Gender Equality At [Act] 2013 states that the criminal offence of sexual violation attracts a fine of 1 Million Malawi kwacha (Approx. $1200) or face a jail term of a maximum 5 years"(para 11)."'It is a disgrace that in our communities we still perpetuate this kind of violation to our women and girls. It is time ...more
Sept. 21, 2017, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Noemi's story isn't unusual. Across America, there are state laws that don't protect women who became pregnant through rape from being forced to share their children with their rapists"(para 6). According to the infographic, New Mexico, Wyoming, North Dakota, Minnesota, Mississippi, Alabama, and Maryland do not have state laws protecting rape victims from custody fights (ENB-Coder Comment)."Her attacker was charged with first-degree sexual assault but was able to plead to a lesser charge of third-degree sexual assault. Under Nebraska law, Noemi could terminate her attacker's parental rights if he'd been convicted of sexual assault in the first degree. But because he was convicted of third-degree assault, his parental rights were ...more
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“The legislation is being introduced as the country opens up after half a century of military rule, and includes new laws to … make gang-rape punishable by death” (para 3).
Aug. 9, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The lawyers tried to persuade the court that the sex was consensual and that he should be given only 100 lashes as punishment, Bahram said. Judge Sulaiman Rasouli rejected that argument because it would mean lashing the girl too and treating her as an adulterer rather than a rape victim, according to news reports" (para 28). "The court sentenced the mullah to the maximum 20-year sentence" (para 33).
Aug. 7, 2017, 5:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Hungary, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Senegal, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Zambia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

The table, based upon the UN Women Progress of the World's Women: In Pursuit of Justice report, indicates that Afghanistan does not have laws against marital rape (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 7, 2017, 5:12 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Brazil, Burundi, Canada, France, Greece, Malaysia, Malta, Namibia, New Zealand, Rwanda, Slovakia, Turkey, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

The table, based upon the UN Women Progress of the World's Women: In Pursuit of Justice report, indicates that Afghanistan does have laws against marital rape (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 7, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In California, legislators have proposed several bills meant to prevent short sentences for sexual assaults, including one that would require a mandatory-minimum term for anyone convicted of sexually assaulting an intoxicated or unconscious person"(para 3)."Under California law, most instances of rape are punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence of three to eight years. However, for certain kinds of sexual assault, judges can opt out of the mandatory punishment. If a defendant did not use physical force, a judge may have him serve some of that time as probation.Of course, Mr. Turner had no need to use such force. The victim was blacked out, unable to resist. California legislators are correct ...more
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that the Ministry of Justice established a committee to review the Penal Code in order to address various issues, including:...raising the low penalties for sex crimes" (6)
May 5, 2017, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape and sexual violence, which carry a penalty of five to 25 years in prison" (17).
April 26, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (16).
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty in the kingdom is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years, a fine not exceeding 78,000 euros ($85,800), or both" (12).
April 6, 2017, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law specifically criminalizes rape but does not recognize spousal rape as a distinct crime. The government enforced the law. Criminal penalties range from probation to life imprisonment, depending on the nature of the crime, the age of the victim, the criminal history of the offender, and the dependence of the victim on the offender" (15). "State police can initiate proceedings against a sexual abuser without receiving a complaint if the victim is a minor (younger than age 16)" (17).
March 28, 2017, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape carries a maximum penalty of 16 years in prison. Judges typically imposed sentences of two to three years" (9).
March 24, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides a penalty of two to 15 years in prison for violations" (14). "Sexual relations with a child younger than 15 is punishable by a prison term of up to eight years, or up to 18 years in the case of the death of the child" (17).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is a minimum of 10 years of forced labor, increasing to a mandatory 15 years if the survivor was less than 16 years old or if the rapist was a person of authority. In the case of gang rape, the maximum penalty is lifelong forced labor" (23-24).
March 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides penalties for conviction of two to six years in prison; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law" (9). "The rape law carries a penalty of two to six years in prison" (12).
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"A judge has discretion to issue a sentence of any length in a rape conviction, depending upon the circumstances and severity of the act committed. The norm appeared to be a sentence of five to 10 years’ imprisonment" (10). "By law, anyone who has sexual relations with a child under 16 years old may be found guilty of a felony and imprisoned for life" (12).
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is punishable by five to 10 years in prison. The penalty increases to 20 years’ imprisonment if the rape is committed against a pregnant woman, a gun is used, an accomplice is involved, or the rape involves incest" (20). "Punishment if convicted of sex with a child under age 15 is three to 10 years in prison and a fine of up to two million GNF ($282)" (24).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and sets penalties between five and 50 years in prison" (14). "The law provides sentences ranging from 13 to 24 years in prison, depending on the victim’s age, for engaging in sex with a minor. The minimum age of consensual sex is 18" (18).