The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

Jan. 1, 2021, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“Under the law, [sex] offenders face jail terms of between six months and five years and fines of up to 5,000 Egyptian pounds (approximately $312). The lengthier jail sentences are reserved for offenses involving multiple perpetrators, offenders who are in a position of authority over the complainant and those carrying weapons. But while the law has been commended by the United Nations as “encouraging,” it has also been criticized by some women's rights campaigners and groups such as Nazra for Feminist Studies as falling short of international rights standards” (para. 18).
Jan. 1, 2021, 12:54 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“The governor of Nigeria's Kaduna state has signed a law saying men convicted of rape will face surgical castration. Anyone raping a child under age 14 will face the death penalty under the new legislation.It follows public anger over a recent increase of rapes amid Covid-19 restrictions, which prompted the nation's state governors to declare a state of emergency” (para. 1-3). “Kaduna state's new law is the strictest against rape in Nigeria, Africa's most populous country” (para. 7). “The state's newly amended penal code also says a person convicted of raping someone over age 14 will face life imprisonment.The previous law carried a maximum penalty of 21 years' imprisonment for...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Ms. Aziz said that most of the child rape and abuse victims come from small towns or villages, and their cases do not usually catch fire on social media. Officials generally do not visit them either, she said, and perpetrators are often quietly released after public outrage has subsided — lending a sense of impunity after the crimes" (para 7). Those charged can be released without finishing their sentences (CAT - CODER COMMENT).
Dec. 23, 2020, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1

“The law in the West African nation had carried a maximum penalty of 15 years, with no minimum sentencing requirement. Advocates say one man convicted of raping a 13-year-old served only 24 hours last year” (para 11).
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"[W]hile rape was illegal and could attract a sentence of up to ten years, men’s violence against women received the lightest of prison terms" (6-7).
Dec. 17, 2020, 6 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“The Indonesian president, Joko Widodo, signed a decree on Wednesday authorizing chemical castration for convicted child sex offenders and requiring those released on parole to wear electronic monitoring devices” (para. 1). “The new punishment comes in response to the brutal gang rape and murder in April of a 14-year-old girl on her way home on the island of Sumatra. Seven teenage boys were each sentenced to 10 years in prison for the crime, which prompted national outrage and revived previous calls for chemical castration as a punishment against child sex offenders” (para. 2) “He also increased the jail sentences for child sex offenders to a maximum of 20 years from...more
Dec. 7, 2020, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

“Indonesia is the first Southeast Asian country to use chemical castration on sex offenders. Others include ­Russia, Poland, South Korea and some U.S. states” (para 9).
Dec. 7, 2020, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

“Indonesia is the first Southeast Asian country to use chemical castration on sex offenders. Others include ­Russia, Poland, South Korea and some U.S. states” (para 9).
Dec. 7, 2020, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

“Indonesia is the first Southeast Asian country to use chemical castration on sex offenders. Others include ­Russia, Poland, South Korea and some U.S. states” (para 9).
Dec. 7, 2020, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

“Indonesia is the first Southeast Asian country to use chemical castration on sex offenders. Others include ­Russia, Poland, South Korea and some U.S. states” (para 9).
Dec. 7, 2020, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“Paedophiles can be chemically castrated or executed under tough new laws passed by the Indonesian parliament” (para 1). “Repeat offenders and those who abuse family members face 10 to 20 years jail and courts can also order their chemical castration and tagging with a microchip” (para 2). “Those [paedophiles] who murder their victims or leave them with permanent physical or psychological trauma, or give them a sexually transmitted disease, can be execute[d]” (para 3). “Australian man Robert Andrew Fiddes Ellis, who is on trial for the alleged sexual abuse of at least 11 girls ­between the ages of eight and 17 in Bali, will be spared as the laws are...more
Dec. 7, 2020, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar has said that the treatment of alleged rape victims should be investigated by the government. He added that there was ‘no doubt’ over the fact that the victim is never to blame as nobody asks to be raped” (para 12-13).
Dec. 5, 2020, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“Five men who gang-raped a 15-year-old girl have today been sentenced to death in Bangladesh, just days after the country approved capital punishment for rape cases” (para 1). “‘All five were found guilty and have been sentenced to death,’ Ahmed told AFP. It marks the first conviction since the government of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina this week introduced the death penalty for rape. Gang-rape already carried the death sentence, but rape by a single offender had previously been punishable only by life imprisonment” (para 4-6). “In response, the country's cabinet this week approved an increase in the maximum punishment in rape cases to death from life imprisonment” (para 10).more
Nov. 24, 2020, 10:56 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

“In September, the governor of Nigeria's Kaduna state signed a law saying men convicted of rape would be subjected to surgical castration - with those found guilty of raping a child under the age of 14 facing the death penalty” (para 2). “The [Kaduna] state's newly amended penal code also says a person convicted of raping someone over age 14 will face life imprisonment. The previous law carried a maximum penalty of 21 years' imprisonment for the rape of an adult and life imprisonment for the rape of a child. A woman convicted of rape of a child under 14 faces the removal of her Fallopian tubes” (para 13-15).more
Nov. 24, 2020, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“The president declared that those who sexually assault minors will face life in prison” (para 3). “The current law carries a maximum penalty of 15 years, and very few cases have been prosecuted” (para 4).
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, ATC-DATA-5

"The council's report said criminal penalties for sexual offences in Finland were 'very low' in comparison with other signatories to the Council of Europe's Istanbul Convention, which sets standards for its members" (para 10).
Sept. 20, 2020, 7:10 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, MURDER-LAW-1

"PNG imposes the death penalty for serious crimes such as murder…and rape amongst others, although authorities have not carried out any executions since 1954" (para 2).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:22 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"In August, the parliament amended the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act 2012, introducing the capital punishment for aggravated penetrative sexual assault of anyone under 18 years, and increased the penalty for other sexual offenses. This was despite concerns raised by child rights groups that it could lead to a decrease in police complaints because in nearly 95 percent of reported cases, the perpetrator is known to the victim, in positions of authority, or family members" (para. 30).
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

“In Afghanistan, the response to women who flee abusive husbands and rapists is to jail them. Up to 600 women are currently imprisoned for these ‘moral crimes.’ Any woman who flees is essentially charged with adultery” (para 6).
June 28, 2020, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"It would increase jail penalties for work-related sexual harassment up to two years and make catcalling a criminal offence" (para 5). "Aggravating factors such as physical violence or the use of drugs to incapacitate the victim would carry heavier sentences. Such cases would be heard by special judges in courts dedicated to sexual crimes, as is already done with crimes relating to gender violence" (para 16).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The minimum sentence for rape is 10 years in prison for the first offense. Under certain circumstances, such as second or third offenses, multiple rapes, gang rapes, or the rape of a minor or a person with disabilities, conviction results in a minimum sentence of life imprisonment (25 years), unless substantial and compelling circumstances exist to justify a lesser sentence. Perpetrators with previous rape convictions and perpetrators aware of being HIV positive at the time of the rape also face a minimum sentence of life imprisonment, unless substantial and compelling circumstances exist to justify a lesser sentence" (23). "The Department of Justice operated 57 dedicated sexual-offenses courts throughout the country....more
May 6, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for conviction of rape range from five years’ to life imprisonment with fines of 500,000 to one million Rwandan francs ($592 to $1,183). Penalties for conviction of spousal rape range from two months’ to life imprisonment with fines of 100,000 to 300,000 Rwandan francs ($118 to $355)." (35).
April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Sexual assault and rape continued to be significant problems." (36-37). "The law puts sexual harassment in the same category as discrimination and sets penalties from a fine up to three years in prison, but women’s rights groups asserted there was no effective mechanism to protect against sexual harassment." (38).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, but it remained widespread. Sentences for persons convicted of rape and sexual assault were inconsistent and often minor. The VAPP provides penalties for conviction ranging from 12 years to life imprisonment for offenders older than 14 and a maximum of 14 years’ imprisonment for all others. It also provides for a public register of convicted sexual offenders and appointment of protection officers at the local government level to coordinate with courts and provide for victims to receive various forms of assistance (e.g., medical, psychosocial, legal, rehabilitative, reintegrative) provided by the VAPP. The act also includes provisions to protect the identity of rape victims and a provision...more
March 25, 2020, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Ramani will soon be questioned in court. Akbar appeared in court this week and repeatedly answered “I don’t recall” to key questions posed during cross-examination by Ramani’s lawyer. If Akbar wins the case, Ramani can be jailed for two years" (para 10).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor" (27). "On August 16, parliament repealed the article of the penal code that freed rapists from prosecution and nullified their convictions if they married their victims" (28).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The punishment for rape is imprisonment for up to 25 years" (28).
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Furthermore, regarding cases of violence against women, etc. reported to the police through consultations, etc., if the case violates penal laws and regulations, an arrest or any other appropriate measures are carried out. In addition, even if the case does not violate any penal laws and regulations, appropriate measures are taken to prevent damage, including providing crime prevention guidance and giving out warnings to the other party as needed. Moreover, such cases which can be handled appropriately by an organization other than the police are smoothly taken over by the appropriate organization. In this manner, the police handle cases proactively from the standpoint of victims." (46). "A person who, through...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In December 2016 a 14-year-old girl was gang raped, stabbed, and beaten by six males between 13 and 16 years of age in Galdogob district in Puntland. A second girl was also beaten in the incident. The perpetrators were sentenced by the local sharia court to fines between $1,750 and $4,600 each, 100 to 200 lashes, and five to 10 years in prison each. Observers noted the prison sentences would have likely been much higher if convicted under the sexual offenses law rather than sharia." (32). "Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages. Al-Shabaab sentenced persons to death for rape." (32).
Jan. 2, 2020, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Kazakhstan... permits the chemical castration of sex offenders" (para 18).