The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"According to the KINU 2015 white paper, the 2012 revision of the country’s criminal code indicated a sentence reduction for rape and domestic violence"(12)."The law states that a man who has sexual intercourse with a girl under age 15 shall be 'punished gravely.' There was no reporting on whether the government upheld this law"(14)
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:21 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"In view of the challenges of cultural practices that violate the rights of women and girls in many African communities, a Kenyan Cultural elder from the Njuri Ncheke Meru Community Benjamin Mugambi castigated accomplices to retrogressive practices that continue to entrap vulnerable indigenous communities to continued violations.'It is wrong for families to encourage this kind of practice by paying the “hyenas” to persist the violation. When parents give away their children to be sexually violated then this is a criminal act that is punishable by law and must be fully condemned'"(para 15-16)
Sept. 29, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"As the first case [a man with HIV who knowingly sexually violated around 104 women] to be tried under the Malawi Gender Equality Act 2013, observers affirm that the sentence [he was sentenced to two years] should have been higher to deter potential offenders and to bar communities from persisting with the practice"(para 5)."Malawi’s Gender Equality At [Act] 2013 states that the criminal offence of sexual violation attracts a fine of 1 Million Malawi kwacha (Approx. $1200) or face a jail term of a maximum 5 years"(para 11)."'It is a disgrace that in our communities we still perpetuate this kind of violation to our women and girls. It is time ...more
Sept. 21, 2017, 5:35 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Noemi's story isn't unusual. Across America, there are state laws that don't protect women who became pregnant through rape from being forced to share their children with their rapists"(para 6). According to the infographic, New Mexico, Wyoming, North Dakota, Minnesota, Mississippi, Alabama, and Maryland do not have state laws protecting rape victims from custody fights (ENB-Coder Comment)."Her attacker was charged with first-degree sexual assault but was able to plead to a lesser charge of third-degree sexual assault. Under Nebraska law, Noemi could terminate her attacker's parental rights if he'd been convicted of sexual assault in the first degree. But because he was convicted of third-degree assault, his parental rights were ...more
Aug. 24, 2017, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

“The legislation is being introduced as the country opens up after half a century of military rule, and includes new laws to … make gang-rape punishable by death” (para 3).
Aug. 9, 2017, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The lawyers tried to persuade the court that the sex was consensual and that he should be given only 100 lashes as punishment, Bahram said. Judge Sulaiman Rasouli rejected that argument because it would mean lashing the girl too and treating her as an adulterer rather than a rape victim, according to news reports" (para 28). "The court sentenced the mullah to the maximum 20-year sentence" (para 33).
Aug. 7, 2017, 5:12 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Rep, Congo, Cote D'Ivoire, D R Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Hungary, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Libya, Lithuania, Madagascar, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Senegal, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Zambia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

The table, based upon the UN Women Progress of the World's Women: In Pursuit of Justice report, indicates that Afghanistan does not have laws against marital rape (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 7, 2017, 5:12 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Brazil, Burundi, Canada, France, Greece, Malaysia, Malta, Namibia, New Zealand, Rwanda, Slovakia, Turkey, Vietnam, Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

The table, based upon the UN Women Progress of the World's Women: In Pursuit of Justice report, indicates that Afghanistan does have laws against marital rape (MAD - CODER COMMENT)
Aug. 7, 2017, 1:15 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In California, legislators have proposed several bills meant to prevent short sentences for sexual assaults, including one that would require a mandatory-minimum term for anyone convicted of sexually assaulting an intoxicated or unconscious person"(para 3)."Under California law, most instances of rape are punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence of three to eight years. However, for certain kinds of sexual assault, judges can opt out of the mandatory punishment. If a defendant did not use physical force, a judge may have him serve some of that time as probation.Of course, Mr. Turner had no need to use such force. The victim was blacked out, unable to resist. California legislators are correct ...more
July 3, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that the Ministry of Justice established a committee to review the Penal Code in order to address various issues, including:...raising the low penalties for sex crimes" (6)
May 5, 2017, 12:49 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape and sexual violence, which carry a penalty of five to 25 years in prison" (17).
April 26, 2017, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (16).
April 21, 2017, 10:33 a.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty in the kingdom is imprisonment not exceeding 12 years, a fine not exceeding 78,000 euros ($85,800), or both" (12).
April 6, 2017, 11:10 a.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law specifically criminalizes rape but does not recognize spousal rape as a distinct crime. The government enforced the law. Criminal penalties range from probation to life imprisonment, depending on the nature of the crime, the age of the victim, the criminal history of the offender, and the dependence of the victim on the offender" (15). "State police can initiate proceedings against a sexual abuser without receiving a complaint if the victim is a minor (younger than age 16)" (17).
March 28, 2017, 9:15 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape carries a maximum penalty of 16 years in prison. Judges typically imposed sentences of two to three years" (9).
March 24, 2017, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides a penalty of two to 15 years in prison for violations" (14). "Sexual relations with a child younger than 15 is punishable by a prison term of up to eight years, or up to 18 years in the case of the death of the child" (17).
March 24, 2017, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is a minimum of 10 years of forced labor, increasing to a mandatory 15 years if the survivor was less than 16 years old or if the rapist was a person of authority. In the case of gang rape, the maximum penalty is lifelong forced labor" (23-24).
March 21, 2017, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape, including spousal rape, and provides penalties for conviction of two to six years in prison; however, the government did not effectively enforce the law" (9). "The rape law carries a penalty of two to six years in prison" (12).
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"A judge has discretion to issue a sentence of any length in a rape conviction, depending upon the circumstances and severity of the act committed. The norm appeared to be a sentence of five to 10 years’ imprisonment" (10). "By law, anyone who has sexual relations with a child under 16 years old may be found guilty of a felony and imprisoned for life" (12).
March 16, 2017, 11:51 a.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is punishable by five to 10 years in prison. The penalty increases to 20 years’ imprisonment if the rape is committed against a pregnant woman, a gun is used, an accomplice is involved, or the rape involves incest" (20). "Punishment if convicted of sex with a child under age 15 is three to 10 years in prison and a fine of up to two million GNF ($282)" (24).
March 14, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and sets penalties between five and 50 years in prison" (14). "The law provides sentences ranging from 13 to 24 years in prison, depending on the victim’s age, for engaging in sex with a minor. The minimum age of consensual sex is 18" (18).
March 9, 2017, 1:16 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteurs and the Independent Expert on Haiti have also drawn attention to the grave issues of violence [specifically sexual violence] against women and impunity for such acts in Haiti" (1). "[Recommendation:] pass and implement the Draft Law on Violence Against Women; ensuring that reported cases of rape, and abuses of power by public sector and other humanitarian workers are held responsible, and, conversely, that women and girls engaging in survival sex are not punished" (4). This recommendation indicates that perpetratures are currently not being adequately punished for committing sexual violence (KH- CODER COMMENT).
March 9, 2017, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Convicted rapists may be punished with prison sentences ranging from five to 25 years" (13). "The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 years, and defilement is punishable by imprisonment for seven to 25 years" (17).
March 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and provides penalties of up to 15 years in prison" (17). "Officials may temporarily deny abusers access to the household without a court order, put them under a restraining order, or in severe cases, prosecute them for assault or rape, and require them to pay damages. Penalties depend on the nature of the case" (18). "The penalty for rape--up to 15 years in prison--also applies to the rape of children" (20).
March 7, 2017, 4:15 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The clause [in the Punjab Protection of Women against Violence Act 2016] states that if the Court finds a person guilty of committing violence against the aggrieved, the Court can issue a order that requires the perpetrator to 'wear ankle or wrist bracelet GPS tracker for any act of grave violence or likely grave violence which may endanger the life, dignity or reputation of the aggrieved person'" (para 24).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is life imprisonment...The maximum penalty for attempted rape is seven years’ imprisonment" (19). "The penalty for rape is life imprisonment. The penalty for both 'defilement' and 'having carnal knowledge,' is 14 years’ imprisonment" (22).
March 3, 2017, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The law emphasises reconciliation between the parties, and as such it does not criminalise the offence at the outset. However, in the event of a breach of court orders with respect to the female's right to protection, residence or financial wellbeing, the offending male can be punished with one to two years in jail, and a fine of between 200,000 to 500,000 rupees (£1,350-3,400; $1,900-4,800)" (para 12).
March 3, 2017, 9:06 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is punishable by up to four years’ imprisonment. If the offender uses violence, the offense is considered aggravated and the penalty may be more severe. The maximum penalty for rape remains unchanged at six years’ imprisonment. The amendment makes all sexual offenses against adults, except sexual harassment, subject to public prosecution" (10). "Sexual abuse of a child carries a maximum sentence of four years in prison, while aggravated sexual abuse of a child carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison. The law considers intercourse with a minor an aggravated offense with penalties ranging from one to 10 years in prison. The law defines rape of a minor ...more
March 3, 2017, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Gabon
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape and provides penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment for convicted rapists" (14).
March 1, 2017, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, DV-LAW-2

"The Saturday Aug. 13 march in Lima and simultaneous protests held in nearly a dozen other cities and towns around the country, including Cuzco, Arequipa and Libertad, was a reaction to lenient court sentences handed down in cases of femicide – defined as the violent and deliberate killing of a woman – rape and domestic violence. The case that sparked the demonstrations was that of Arlette Contreras, who was beaten in July 2015 by her then boyfriend in the southern city of Ayacucho, Adriano Pozo, in an attack that was caught on hotel cameras. Despite the evidence – the footage of the attack – Pozo, the son of a local ...more