The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

Sept. 14, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rapists now stand to face up to 30 years in prison" (para 3).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"A man may be convicted of rape in the absence of a confession only if there are two male witnesses or four female witnesses willing to testify. In the case of a child, the burden of proof is lower" (17-18). "The Child Sexual Abuse (Special Provisions) Act prohibits child prostitution and the use, procurement, or provision of a child (below age 18) for the production of pornography or for pornographic performance. The crime is punishable by imprisonment between 15 and 25 years" (21).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law provides for three to 10 years’ imprisonment for rape and two to seven years’ imprisonment for sexual assault. The sentence for rape increases from five to 18 years if there are aggravating circumstances. For sexual assault with aggravating circumstances, the sentence is three to 15 years" (24). "The new criminal code provides one- to 10-year prison sentences for persons convicted of sexual acts with minors, depending on the circumstances and the child’s age. Any sexual act with a minor 13 to 15 years of age is punishable by a one- to five-year prison sentence. A sexual act with a minor under 13 years of age is punishable by...more
Sept. 12, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison. Gang rape or rape of a minor or an invalid is punishable by up to 15 years in prison. Sexual assault is punishable by six months to eight years in prison" (para 102)
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is six to 12 years in prison" (10). "The penalty for sexual abuse and assault of children under the age of 13 is imprisonment from two to 15 years, depending on the nature of the crime. Individuals who contact children under the age of 13 through the internet for the purpose of sexual exploitation face imprisonment of one to three years...The law defines nonconsensual sexual abuse as sexual acts committed against persons under 16 years old, and it provides from two to 15 years in prison, depending on the circumstances" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sentences for those convicted of rape range from eight to 12 years, or 15 years in cases of aggravated rape" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"An advisor counsels Kahtera and the subtitle states the following: 'We need to prove that it was rape and not consensual intercourse, otherwise they are going to charge you for illegal sex'" (1:14). While there are laws, it appears that part of the evidence must include proof that the encounter was not concensual in order to find fault with the attacker (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The laws of individual states and territories provide the penalties for rape. Maximum penalties range from 12 years’ to life imprisonment, depending on the jurisdiction and aggravating factors" (14). "The law prohibits citizens and residents from engaging in, facilitating, or benefiting from sexual activity with children overseas who are younger than 16 years and provides for a maximum sentence of 17 years’ imprisonment for violations...Maximum penalties for violations vary across jurisdictions. Defenses include reasonable grounds for believing the alleged victim was older than the legal age of consent and situations in which the two persons are close in age" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Prosecutors interpreted forcible to mean evidence of force and/or physical resistance by the victim is necessary to consider a sexual encounter to be rape" (14). "The penalty for statutory rape is not less than three years’ imprisonment with mandatory labor, and the law was enforced" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:06 a.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Prosecutors interpreted forcible to mean evidence of force and/or physical resistance by the victim is necessary to consider a sexual encounter to be rape" (14). "The penalty for statutory rape is not less than three years’ imprisonment with mandatory labor, and the law was enforced" (17).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The maximum penalty is 20 years’ imprisonment; however, indefinite detention may occur in cases where the parole board, during its annual review, believes the prisoner poses a continuing threat to society" (8).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is two to 21 years in prison, depending on the severity of the assault, the age of the victim, and the circumstances in which the crime occurred. Very few cases resulted in a sentence longer than three years and four months in prison" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, with penalties ranging from 12 to 40 years’ imprisonment with pardon or parole possible only after 30 years’ imprisonment. Conviction can also result in a lifetime ban from political office. Penalties for forcible sexual assault range from six to 12 years’ imprisonment" (24). "The maximum penalty for child rape is 40 years in prison plus a lifetime ban from political office" (28).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law establishes the punishment for rape as not less than five years’ imprisonment, and courts usually sentenced individuals convicted of rape to five to 10 years in prison" (10). "Persons who engage in sex with children under 14 face sentences of three to 10 years in prison. Those who engage in sex with minors between 14 and 16 receive a mandatory prison sentence of three to seven years. Solicitors of sex with minors over 16 but under 18 face up to one year in prison or hard labor or a fine of up to NT$3 million ($92,900)" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law provides for life imprisonment for persons convicted of rape, including spousal rape during periods of legal separation" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law specifies penalties for conviction of rape or forcible sexual assault ranging from four years’ imprisonment to the death penalty, as well as fines, depending on such factors as age of the victim, severity of the assault, use of a weapon, multiple assailants, and physical and mental condition of the victim afterward. The amount of the fine depends on the severity of injury to the victim and generally varies from 8,000 to 40,000 baht ($220 to $1,110). The law also provides that any individual convicted twice for the same type of criminal rape within three years may receive increased penalties for recidivism" (35). "The law imposes a jail term...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The 2014 Bail Act allows judges to deny bail for up to 120 days for repeat offenders with a prior serious offense or violent crime conviction within the past 10 years. This legislation applies to sexual offenses in which the alleged victim is a child" (6). "Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to life imprisonment, but the courts often imposed considerably shorter sentences" (13). "Sexual penetration of a child is punishable by a maximum of life in prison" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for conviction of sex with children under age 14 is life imprisonment" (24).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The minimum prison sentence for child rape is 10 years. Molesting children under the age of 16 is punishable by imprisonment for up to five years. The same offense committed against a child under 14 is punishable by imprisonment for five to eight years" (41).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The maximum legal penalty for rape is life imprisonment" (15). "The penalties for sexual offenses against children and the commercial sexual exploitation of children range up to life imprisonment. Released persons convicted of sexual offenses must register with police and notify police any time they change their name or address, or travel outside the UK" (18).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Although rape is a crime with a maximum penalty of life imprisonment, the law does not specifically cite spousal rape, and police frequently were reluctant to intervene in what they considered domestic matters" (10). "The law addresses statutory rape, providing a maximum penalty of five years’ imprisonment if the child is older than 12 years but younger than 15 years, or 14 years’ imprisonment if the child is younger than 12 years" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, making it punishable by a prison term of eight to 14 years...The law allows authorities to consider alternative forms of punishment, including work release, for those convicted of various crimes, including rape, if they have completed three-quarters of their sentence" (30). "By law sexual relations with a minor under age 13 or an 'especially vulnerable' person, or with a minor under age 16 when the perpetrator is a relative or guardian, are punishable with a mandatory sentence of 15 to 20 years’ imprisonment" (32).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law subjects rapists to two to seven years’ imprisonment. In severe cases of rape, including organized rape, a repeat offense, or extreme harm to a victim, sentences may range from seven to 15 years’ imprisonment. Authorities prosecuted rape cases fully, but the government did not release arrest, prosecution, conviction, or punishment statistics" (38-39). "Penalties for sex with minors between the ages of 16 and 18, depending upon the circumstances, vary from five to 10 years in prison. The penalty for rape of a child between 13 and 16 carries a sentence of imprisonment from seven to 15 years. If the victim becomes pregnant, the rape is incestuous, or the...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Sexual offenses, including rape, are punishable by lengthy prison sentences..." (31). "Statutory rape, legally defined as sexual intercourse with a child under age 12, carries a fine of $2,000, imprisonment for up to 10 years, or both...A person procuring a child under age 16 for purposes of engaging in unlawful sexual conduct is liable to a fine up to $5,000 or imprisonment of up to 10 years, or both...Persons charged with facilitating the prostitution of a child often were also charged with statutory rape. A parent or guardian who causes or allows a child under age 18 to associate with or become a prostitute may face up to 10 years...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for rape range from one to ten years in prison" (14). "The maximum penalty for statutory rape is imprisonment for 10 years" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Cases of a sensitive nature, including those involving children, rape, and national security, may be closed to the public" (4). "The law stipulates more severe penalties for repeated crimes and for cases in which the perpetrator had a close relationship with the victim. Penalties range from two to 10 years in prison" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Instead of juries, the law requires that a panel of lay assessors and a magistrate hear cases involving murder, rape, robbery, indecent assault, and assault leading to serious bodily harm" (15). "The minimum sentence for rape is 10 years in prison for the first offense. Under certain circumstances, such as second or third offenses, multiple rapes, gang rapes, or the rape of a minor or a person with disabilities, conviction results in a minimum sentence of life imprisonment (25 years), unless substantial and compelling circumstances exist to justify a lesser sentence. Perpetrators with previous rape convictions and perpetrators aware of being HIV positive at the time of the rape also...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The maximum penalty for rape is life imprisonment" (9). "The maximum penalty for sexual relations with a girl under age 13 is life imprisonment, and for sexual relations with a girl above age 12 but under age 15, the penalty is five years’ imprisonment. Consent is not a permissible defense under either of these provisions; however, in the latter case, reasonable belief that the victim was 15 or older is a permissible defense" (12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is life imprisonment, regardless of the age or gender of the victim. If the perpetrator is a relative, teacher, guardian, or caregiver of the victim, the penalty is death" (15). "...the penalty for sexual relations with a person younger than 16 years is life imprisonment. If the individual is the relative, guardian, caretaker, or servant of the victim, the penalty is death" (19).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, with penalties of six to eight years in prison, but enforcement was ineffective" (17). "Statutory rape law stipulates different rape offenses, including rape of a minor younger than 14, with penalties ranging from 25 years to life in prison" (20).