The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

Feb. 22, 2019, 8:57 a.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties range from three to 10 years in prison. Rape of a victim under 14 years of age is punishable by 10 to 25 years in prison" (18).
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is 20 years’ imprisonment, with a fine not exceeding 200,000 rupees ($5,651)" (para 54). "Any person found guilty of statutory rape may face a sentence of up to 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine not exceeding 100,000 rupees ($2,826)" (para 64).
Feb. 14, 2019, 10:48 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape or sexual assault of a person known to be a minor is punishable by up to 15 years’ imprisonment. Sexual acts between a person older than 18 and a person known to be younger than 16 carry penalties of up to five years imprisonment" (37).
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape and provides a penalty of five to 20 years’ imprisonment for offenders, but the government did not enforce the law effectively. Rape was a widespread problem. Authorities prosecuted only a small percentage of rape cases since victims seldom reported rapes due to societal pressure, particularly because attackers were frequently close relatives. No law specifically prohibits spousal rape, but law enforcement officials stated criminal laws against rape apply to spousal rape. Police and judicial authorities were willing to pursue rape cases but stopped if parties reached an agreement prior to trial" (page 20).
Feb. 7, 2019, 7:20 a.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The new legislation would increase the maximum sentence for statutory rape - sexual activity with a minor - and introduce new punishments for forced rape of a child" (para. 2). "Finnish lawmakers also agreed to urgently introduce tougher measures against foreign-born criminals, such as revoking citizenship from convicted sexual offenders with a foreign background" (para. 7).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-1

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, but as in previous years, the government failed to enforce the law effectively and rape cases were underreported. Penalties for conviction of sexual assault range from three to eight years’ imprisonment. Prosecutors rarely brought rape cases to court. Statistics on the number of cases or convictions during the year were not available. Police generally regarded spousal rape as an administrative offense" (Pg 23-24).
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law’s definition of rape does not specifically criminalize spousal rape. First-degree rape--defined as rape involving a minor, rape that results in serious injury or disability, or rape committed with the use of a deadly weapon--is punishable by up to life imprisonment. Second-degree rape, defined as rape committed without the aggravating circumstances enumerated above, is punishable by up to 10 years in prison. Defendants accused of first-degree rape may be denied bail if evidence presented at arraignment meets certain evidentiary standards" (Pg 14).
Feb. 4, 2019, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape or forcible sexual assault and establishes penalties for violations ranging from three years to life in prison. The law also criminalizes spousal rape" (Pg 28).
Feb. 1, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and provides penalties of up to 10 years in prison for rape or sexual assault. If the victim is a minor under age 18, the sentences range from three years to 15 years in prison . . . For sexual abuse of a minor, the law sets the maximum sentences at imprisonment of up to three years or penalty fee. For cases involving intercourse, authorities can increase the sentence 10 years (page 21). "The minimum age of consent is 14 when married and 16 when not married. While there is a statutory rape law for those under 14, the maximum penalty is a...more
Jan. 10, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, SMPP-LAW-1

"The new code also strengthened other laws related to gender-based violence, including longer jail sentences for rape and criminalizing the practice of secluding menstruating women outside the home" (para 7).
Jan. 5, 2019, 5:31 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"[In] Pakistan –Discriminatory evidentiary standards applied to proving rape under the Zina Ordinance have been removed" (para 22).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape accompanied by the use or threat of violence or threats with a weapon are punishable by death. For other cases of rape, the prescribed punishment is life imprisonment. If the victim is under the age of 20, penalties can be more severe (see section 6, Children). Nonconsensual sexual conduct not meeting the definition of rape, such as sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, and molestation, may be prosecuted as “indecent assault,” which is punishable by up to six years in prison, 12 years if the victim is under the age of 18. The punishment is extended to life imprisonment if committed with weapons, threats, or detention or in cases where...more
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Anyone who has sexual relations with a girl under age 10 is subject to the death penalty. The new comprehensive law against gender-based violence addresses all forms of gender-based violence. Under previous laws, intercourse with a girl under the age of 15 without the use of violence was punishable by six years in prison; the new law raised the age of consent to 16 and removed a clause in the legal code that allowed the court to drop the charges of sex with a minor if the perpetrator agreed to marry the victim, with the approval of her parents" (page 24).
Dec. 13, 2018, 3:37 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The state prosecutor had originally asked for sentences of more than 20 years each for rape, which in Spain requires a plaintiff to present evidence of specific violence, such as being threatened with a knife or dealt physical blows. But due to a technicality under Spanish law - which demands specific physical evidence to be present - the men could not be convicted of rape, even though the court ruling agreed that the five had assaulted the woman in the doorway of a residential building and recorded it on their mobile phones" (para 4-5).
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"For the first time ever, a Bosnian court has ordered two former Bosnian Serb soldiers who raped a Croat woman during the 1992-1995 war to pay monetary compensation to the victim. The two soldiers -- Bosiljko Markovic and Ostoja Markovic -- were also sentenced to 10 years in prison by the court on Wednesday, according to media reports" (para 1). "The two soldiers were reportedly ordered to pay 26,500 Bosnian marka (approximately $15,200) to the victim" (para 2).
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape can be punished by life imprisonment or the death penalty" (25).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape of men and women is a crime punishable if convicted by eight to 16 years’ imprisonment" (10). "Penalties for conviction include up to one year in prison and a fine equal to up to two years of the perpetrator’s salary" (11).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The federal law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and imposes penalties of up to 20 years’ imprisonment" (para. 19).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The federal law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and imposes penalties of up to 20 years’ imprisonment" (para. 19).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits sexual assault, including rape and spousal rape, with penalties of imprisonment for attempted sexual violation from two to 10 years, and for rape or actual sexual violation for not less than 12 years" (page 54). "Courts often gave reduced sentences to men found guilty of committing violence against women, citing good behavior during the trial or 'provocation' by women as an extenuating circumstance of the crime. For example, on February 17, I.K. received a 20-month reduced sentence for raping a Japanese tourist in 2011 due to his 'respectful attitude in court'" (page 57). "During the year authorities increased penalties for sexual crimes committed against women and children....more
Nov. 16, 2018, 12:39 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In cases of rape involving minors, sentences range from five to 15 years in prison. In extreme cases a person convicted of rape may be imprisoned for life. Spousal rape is illegal and prosecuted as a misdemeanor" (13).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Fear of the military also inhibits survivors. The military has sternly warned that it will “take action based on the rule of law against those who accuse” soldiers and has successfully completed criminal prosecutions against individuals who implicate the military in crimes. Other factors that make victims reluctant to come forward include: harassment and coercion of survivors and their communities, the stigma associated with sexual violence crimes, pressure from family and village elders, and the difficulty of pursuing court proceedings while maintaining a livelihood. In cases where victims do come forward, the military assumes jurisdiction, often offering token payment as compensation reinforcing the notion that a nominal fee provides justice"...more
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"A convicted rapist may receive 10 to 30 years in prison" (9).
Nov. 12, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Kosovo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"By law rape is punishable by two to 15 years in prison and statutory rape (sexual intercourse with a child younger than 16) by five to 20 years" (para 107). "The minimum age of consensual sex is 16. Statutory rape is a criminal offense, which, depending on circumstances and the age of the victim, is punishable by five years to life in prison" (para 128)
Nov. 9, 2018, 11:06 a.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women, as well as the Family Law, which are focused on reconciliation rather than the prosecution of perpetrators of gender-based violence against women" (3). "The Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women, while prohibiting gender-based violence against women, does not provide for victim protection and support measures or for criminal liability of perpetrators" (6). "Penalties for rape are not commensurate with the severity of the crime… In revising the Criminal Code in 2012, the State party reduced the penalties for some forms of rape, including rape of children, rape by a work supervisor and repeated...more
Nov. 3, 2018, 10:36 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is a felony punishable by 16 years in prison, or up to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape under aggravated circumstances or if the perpetrator rapes or commits a sexual offense against a relative" (para 137). "The law prohibits sexual exploitation of a minor and sets a penalty of seven to 20 years in prison for violators, depending on the circumstances. The law prohibits child pornography. The minimum age for consensual sex is 16. Consensual sexual relations with a minor between the ages of 14 and 16 constitute statutory rape punishable by five years’ imprisonment" (para 174)
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The punishment for rape, including spousal rape, ranges from three to 15 years’ imprisonment" (page 27).
Oct. 29, 2018, 8:17 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The case prompted the government to approve the death penalty for the rape of girls under 12, and also increase the prison term for the rape of older girls and women" (para 8).
Oct. 26, 2018, 8:42 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law allows the common practice of using a woman’s sexual history to defend men accused of rape. The law criminalizes assaults and provides for punishment of one to five years in prison and a fine. If the victim is a woman, the prison term and fine are both increased" (page 14).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penal code prohibits sexual harassment and imposes fines or a maximum of one-year’s imprisonment for verbal harassment and a maximum of two years’ imprisonment for physical contact" (38). "The maximum sentence for statutory rape is two years’ imprisonment when the victim is between 12 and 14, and 10 years’ to life imprisonment when the victim is younger than 12" (41).