The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-2

Sept. 29, 2020, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, ATC-DATA-5

"The council's report said criminal penalties for sexual offences in Finland were 'very low' in comparison with other signatories to the Council of Europe's Istanbul Convention, which sets standards for its members" (para 10).
Sept. 20, 2020, 7:10 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, MURDER-LAW-1

"PNG imposes the death penalty for serious crimes such as murder…and rape amongst others, although authorities have not carried out any executions since 1954" (para 2).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:22 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"In August, the parliament amended the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act 2012, introducing the capital punishment for aggravated penetrative sexual assault of anyone under 18 years, and increased the penalty for other sexual offenses. This was despite concerns raised by child rights groups that it could lead to a decrease in police complaints because in nearly 95 percent of reported cases, the perpetrator is known to the victim, in positions of authority, or family members" (para. 30).
Aug. 10, 2020, 3:08 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

“In Afghanistan, the response to women who flee abusive husbands and rapists is to jail them. Up to 600 women are currently imprisoned for these ‘moral crimes.’ Any woman who flees is essentially charged with adultery” (para 6).
June 28, 2020, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"It would increase jail penalties for work-related sexual harassment up to two years and make catcalling a criminal offence" (para 5). "Aggravating factors such as physical violence or the use of drugs to incapacitate the victim would carry heavier sentences. Such cases would be heard by special judges in courts dedicated to sexual crimes, as is already done with crimes relating to gender violence" (para 16).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The minimum sentence for rape is 10 years in prison for the first offense. Under certain circumstances, such as second or third offenses, multiple rapes, gang rapes, or the rape of a minor or a person with disabilities, conviction results in a minimum sentence of life imprisonment (25 years), unless substantial and compelling circumstances exist to justify a lesser sentence. Perpetrators with previous rape convictions and perpetrators aware of being HIV positive at the time of the rape also face a minimum sentence of life imprisonment, unless substantial and compelling circumstances exist to justify a lesser sentence" (23). "The Department of Justice operated 57 dedicated sexual-offenses courts throughout the country....more
May 6, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Penalties for conviction of rape range from five years’ to life imprisonment with fines of 500,000 to one million Rwandan francs ($592 to $1,183). Penalties for conviction of spousal rape range from two months’ to life imprisonment with fines of 100,000 to 300,000 Rwandan francs ($118 to $355)." (35).
April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is three to 15 years’ imprisonment. Sexual assault and rape continued to be significant problems." (36-37). "The law puts sexual harassment in the same category as discrimination and sets penalties from a fine up to three years in prison, but women’s rights groups asserted there was no effective mechanism to protect against sexual harassment." (38).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, but it remained widespread. Sentences for persons convicted of rape and sexual assault were inconsistent and often minor. The VAPP provides penalties for conviction ranging from 12 years to life imprisonment for offenders older than 14 and a maximum of 14 years’ imprisonment for all others. It also provides for a public register of convicted sexual offenders and appointment of protection officers at the local government level to coordinate with courts and provide for victims to receive various forms of assistance (e.g., medical, psychosocial, legal, rehabilitative, reintegrative) provided by the VAPP. The act also includes provisions to protect the identity of rape victims and a provision...more
March 25, 2020, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Ramani will soon be questioned in court. Akbar appeared in court this week and repeatedly answered “I don’t recall” to key questions posed during cross-examination by Ramani’s lawyer. If Akbar wins the case, Ramani can be jailed for two years" (para 10).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor" (27). "On August 16, parliament repealed the article of the penal code that freed rapists from prosecution and nullified their convictions if they married their victims" (28).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The punishment for rape is imprisonment for up to 25 years" (28).
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Furthermore, regarding cases of violence against women, etc. reported to the police through consultations, etc., if the case violates penal laws and regulations, an arrest or any other appropriate measures are carried out. In addition, even if the case does not violate any penal laws and regulations, appropriate measures are taken to prevent damage, including providing crime prevention guidance and giving out warnings to the other party as needed. Moreover, such cases which can be handled appropriately by an organization other than the police are smoothly taken over by the appropriate organization. In this manner, the police handle cases proactively from the standpoint of victims." (46). "A person who, through...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"In December 2016 a 14-year-old girl was gang raped, stabbed, and beaten by six males between 13 and 16 years of age in Galdogob district in Puntland. A second girl was also beaten in the incident. The perpetrators were sentenced by the local sharia court to fines between $1,750 and $4,600 each, 100 to 200 lashes, and five to 10 years in prison each. Observers noted the prison sentences would have likely been much higher if convicted under the sexual offenses law rather than sharia." (32). "Al-Shabaab also committed sexual violence, including through forced marriages. Al-Shabaab sentenced persons to death for rape." (32).
Jan. 2, 2020, 4:29 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Kazakhstan... permits the chemical castration of sex offenders" (para 18).
Dec. 21, 2019, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Paedophiles will be chemically castrated by an injection under sweeping new laws in Ukraine. The chemical process 'involves the forced injection of anti-androgen drugs consisting of chemicals that should reduce libido and sexual activity', Ukraine's national news agency said. The legislation will apply to men between 18 and 65 who are found guilty of raping or sexually abusing minors, and could affect thousands of people a year" (para 1-3). "Under the new laws, Ukraine is also to set up a public register of paedophiles jailed for child rape and sexual abuse of minors. Such criminals will be monitored for life by police after release from jail. In another move, the...more
Nov. 14, 2019, 1:30 p.m.
Countries: Poland
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and punishable by up to 12 years in prison" (17). "The penalty for statutory rape ranges from two to 12 years’ imprisonment" (19).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The penalty for rape is a minimum of 10 years of forced labor. In the case of gang rape, the maximum penalty is lifelong forced labor. Actual sentences were often less rigorous. The criminal code excuses a husband who kills his wife or her partner found engaging in an act of adultery in his home, but a wife who kills her husband under similar circumstances is subject to prosecution" (18).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is illegal and punishable by 12 to 20 years’ imprisonment and additional fines if convicted" (20).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal, with penalties ranging from 12 to 40 years’ imprisonment with pardon or parole possible only after 30 years’ imprisonment. Conviction can also result in a lifetime ban from political office. Penalties for forcible sexual assault range from six to 12 years’ imprisonment, but difficulty in obtaining convictions remained a challenge for effective enforcement" (25). "The maximum penalty for child rape is 40 years in prison plus a lifetime ban from political office" (28).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The law prescribes five to 10 years in prison for violators. According to a local women’s group, however, penalties actually imposed for rape ranged from as few as several months’ imprisonment to rarely more than three years" (23). "The maximum penalty for sex with a minor is five years’ imprisonment and a fine of 10 million CFA francs ($17,667)" (25).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRW-LAW-3, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality. The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (page 39).
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape regardless of age or gender is illegal and punishable if convicted by five to 10 years’ imprisonment or up to 15 years if the victim is younger than 15" (page 9).
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is a criminal offense under sharia with a wide range of penalties from flogging to execution" (40).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape and sexual violence carry basic penalties of five to 10 years’ imprisonment. The law establishes 15 years as the minimum age for consensual sex" (p. 16).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2

"The law prohibits rape and sexual violence, which carry a penalty of five to 25 years in prison" (p. 14).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"The minimum age for consensual sex is 16 years, and defilement is punishable by imprisonment for seven to 25 years" (p. 18).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Convicted rapists may be punished with prison sentences ranging from five to 25 years, while indecent assault is a misdemeanor subject to a minimum term of imprisonment of six months" (p. 15).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Punishment if convicted of sex with a child under age 15 is three to 10 years in prison and a fine of up to two million GNF ($220)" (p. 18).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-LAW-2

"Rape is punishable by five to 20 years in prison" (p. 16).