The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-3

Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"According to law, without the perpetrator’s confession, the rape survivor must provide four male witnesses to the crime" (29). "Women also faced unequal treatment in courts, where the testimony of a woman equals half that of a man’s" (30).
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"In relation to measures taken to eliminate all forms of violence against women, including domestic and sexual violence, the system of victim participation in trial procedures was put into force in 2008 following the previous review. The said system is one that, based on a decision of the court, enables the victims of certain crimes, including domestic violence cases and sexual crimes, to attend court on the trial dates and to directly ask questions of the accused. The number of cases in which the victims participated in 2009 was 403, involving 571 persons. 24 of such persons were allowed to be accompanied by another person to alleviate their psychological burden,...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"A victim must have demonstrated resistance, but, in this case, the terrified woman appears frozen in a video clip of the 30-minute attack. The defence argued she was consenting and so the lesser charge was applied" (para. 2). "In the first trial, messages on the wolf pack's WhatsApp chat, in which the men explicitly talked of purchasing date-rape drugs, were deemed inadmissible by the court, whereas photos taken from the victim's social media, showing her having fun in the months following the attack, were allowed. She was painted as a precocious seductress" (para. 3).
Dec. 14, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-PRACTICE-1

"Her family in Uttarakhand is aware of the abuse she is suffering but they do not have the money to escalate a police report they have lodged. Because they live in a different state to where the crime took place they have to pay the police to investigate it" (para 20).
Oct. 22, 2019, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"In certain probate trials, the testimony of women is not considered equivalent to that of men; the testimony of two women is required. In other civil trials, the testimony of a woman equals that of a man." (pg 43).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRW-LAW-3, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality. The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (page 39).
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-3

"The law permits prosecution of rape only when reported by the victim, which observers noted was rare due to victims’ fear of social stigma and retribution" (p. 8).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"Courts gave reduced sentences to some men found guilty of committing violence against women, citing good behavior during the trial or “provocation” by women as an extenuating circumstance of the crime, and in some cases dismissed rape charges if the suspect married the victim. For example, in August a court reduced the life imprisonment sentence of Kadri Tekin to 15 years for his conviction of the 2011 murder of his wife due to “good conduct" (page 50).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"Most trials are public; however, the court may order a closed trial, particularly in cases involving national security, the royal family, children, or sexual abuse" (page 9).
July 8, 2019, 9:30 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"The law allows the common practice of using a woman’s sexual history to defend men accused of rape" (page 14).
July 2, 2019, 12:52 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

"In certain probate trials, the testimony of women is not considered equivalent to that of men; the testimony of two women is required. In other civil trials, the testimony of a woman equals that of a man" (Pg 66).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, MURDER-LAW-1

"By law “honor” killings are punishable, but the penal code provides a lenient sentence for conviction of killing a spouse caught in the act of adultery, whether male or female" (p. 29).
June 21, 2019, 12:48 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

"Rape is a criminal offense under sharia with a wide range of penalties from flogging to execution. The law does not recognize spousal rape as a crime. The government enforced the law based on its interpretation of sharia, and courts often punished victims as well as perpetrators for illegal “mixing of genders,” even when there was no conviction for rape. Victims also had to prove that the rape was committed, and women’s testimony in court is worth half the weight of that of a man. Consequently, due to these legal and social penalties, authorities brought few cases to trial. The government did not maintain public records on prosecutions, convictions, or...more
June 20, 2019, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

"Women may attend court proceedings and represent themselves, but a male relative generally represented them. In some cases a woman’s testimony is deemed half that of a man’s, and in some cases a female witness is not accepted at all" (p. 16).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

"In some personal status cases, such as divorce, a woman’s testimony is equal to half that of a man" (Pg 15).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

"Sharia courts usually accorded the testimony of women and non-Muslims less weight than that of men. Under common law, women and members of other groups could testify in civil or criminal proceedings and give testimony that carried the same weight as testimony of other witnesses. Some sharia court judges allowed different evidentiary requirements to prove adultery or fornication for male and female defendants. Pregnancy, for example, was admissible evidence of a woman’s adultery or fornication in some sharia courts. In contrast sharia courts could convict men only if they confessed or there was eyewitness testimony regarding their crime. Sharia courts, however, provided women with certain benefits, including increased access to...more
June 2, 2019, 7:22 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"Amendments to the Sexual Assault Crime Prevention Act went into effect stipulating that experts will assist in questioning and appear in court as witnesses when rape victims are minors or mentally disabled, and authorize the use of oneway mirrors, video conferencing, or other practices to protect victims during questioning and at trial" (p. 11).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-LAW-3

"According to law without the perpetrator’s confession, the rape survivor must provide four male witnesses to the crime" (35). "Women also faced unequal treatment in courts, where the testimony of a woman equals half that of a man’s. Female parties in court proceedings such as divorce and other family law cases normally deputized male relatives to speak on their behalf, although they have the option to speak for themselves" (38).
May 21, 2019, 9:35 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (115).
May 21, 2019, 8:59 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (115).
May 21, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (116).
May 21, 2019, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (116).
May 21, 2019, 10:09 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (117).
May 20, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (117).
May 20, 2019, 1:57 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (118).
May 20, 2019, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (118).
May 18, 2019, 7:50 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (119).
May 18, 2019, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (119).
May 17, 2019, 2:02 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (120).
May 17, 2019, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LRW-LAW-3, DV-LAW-3

A woman's testimony carries the same evidentiary weight in court as a man's (120).