The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-LAW-4

July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The law further stipulates that if the rapist marries the victim, the rapist receives no punishment. The victim’s family sometimes agreed to this arrangement to avoid the social stigma attached to rape" (Pg 44).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Courts gave reduced sentences to some men found guilty of committing violence against women, citing good behavior during the trial or “provocation” by women as an extenuating circumstance of the crime, and in some cases dismissed rape charges if the suspect married the victim" (page 50).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"NGOs asserted that rape was a serious problem, and noted a measure in the law allows offenders younger than 18 to avoid prosecution by choosing to marry their victim. They also maintained that victims underreported rapes and domestic assaults, in part due to a lack of understanding by authorities that impeded effective implementation of the law regarding violence against women" (page 28).
July 7, 2019, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The penal code does not allow victims to drop charges for rape if they marry the perpetrator" (p. 14).
July 1, 2019, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"NGOs reported that law enforcement agencies used mediation as means to dismiss rape cases, including forcing the victim to marry her rapist to ensure that he avoided prosecution" (p. 27).
July 1, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"Rape is illegal, although the criminal code allows an alleged rapist to marry his victim to avoid punishment" (p. 29).
July 1, 2019, 6:30 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"A provision of the penal code allows an adult accused of “corruption of a minor” to avoid prosecution if he subsequently marries his victim and if the crime did not involve violence, threats, or fraud" (p. 26).
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, MARR-LAW-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, AOM-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-2

"The law provides that every child has the right to protection from early marriage but does not explicitly prohibit marriage before age 18. Child marriage was common. According to the Ministry of Gender, nearly half of all girls and young women between the ages of 15 and 19 were married, and some brides were as young as 12 years old. Early marriage sometimes reflected efforts by men to avoid rape charges, which a married woman cannot bring against her husband. In other cases families of rape victims encouraged marriage to the rapist to avoid public shaming. Many abducted girls, often repeatedly subjected to rape (see section 1.g.), were forced into...more
June 25, 2019, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The penal code allows for a rapist to elude punishment on the condition that he marry his victim and her guardian consents that the perpetrator not be punished" (p. 20).
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"A particularly glaring example is the Shia Personal Status Law, signed by President Karzai in 2009, which includes provisions that strip Shia Afghan women of the women's rights enshrined in Afghanistan's constitution. The law gives a husband the right to withdraw basic maintenance from his wife, including food, if she refuses to obey his sexual demands. It grants guardianship of children exclusively to their fathers and grandfathers. It requires women to get permission from their husbands to work. It also effectively allows a rapist to avoid prosecution by paying 'blood money' to a girl who was injured because of the rape" (6).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"According to the Aurat Foundation and others, prosecutions of reported rapes were rare. Police and NGOs reported individuals involved in other types of disputes sometimes filed false rape charges, reducing the ability of police to identify legitimate cases and proceed with prosecution. NGOs reported police were at times implicated in rape cases. NGOs also alleged police sometimes abused or threatened victims, demanding they drop charges, especially when police received bribes from suspected perpetrators or the perpetrators were influential community leaders. Some police demanded bribes from victims before registering rape charges, and investigations were sometimes superficial. While the use of post-rape medical testing increased during the year, medical personnel in many...more
June 10, 2019, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Revision of the Penal Code (from 2014) — In order to suit its applicability to the current context, considering that the previous one was developed at the end of the XIX century. Although it was not yet promulgated (already approved by the Assembly of the Republic), the following great innovations of this code are: (...) (iii) Not forcing an aggressor to marry the sexually abused woman or child, although the age limit for minors is still to be considered (for cases of sexual violations of minors, only children until the age of 16 years old are considered)" (6).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In August parliament abolished an article of the penal code that exonerated rapists who married their victims" (30).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In most areas there were few or no publicly provided women’s shelters, information, support hotlines, and little or no sensitivity training for police. In the absence of shelters, authorities often detained or imprisoned sexual harassment victims for the
May 7, 2019, 11:16 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"PA law (which applies both in the West Bank and in Gaza) relieves rapists who marry their victim of criminal responsibility" (104).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The law further stipulates that, if the rapist marries the victim, the rapist receives no punishment" (para 185).
Feb. 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"On 17 March 2006, the Constitutional Court upheld the unconstitutionality action filed by the Human Rights Procurator concerning article 200 of the Criminal Code, which stipulated that, in cases of rape, indecent assault, sexual abuse or abduction, the perpetrator’s criminal liability or, as applicable, the penalty would be extinguished by the lawful marriage of the victim and the offender. In compliance with the Constitutional Court’s ruling, that article has been repealed. Article 45 of the Sexual Violence, Exploitation and Human Trafficking Act states that the crime of rape is an actionable offence and that forgiveness expressed by the aggrieved party or by the aggrieved party’s representative does not extinguish the...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim has withdrawn a bill that pardons men convicted of sex with underage girls if they have married them" (para 1). 'The bill, part of a package of amendments to the legal system, was sent back for further work just hours before a final vote in parliament. Critics said it would legitimise statutory rape and encourage the practice of taking child brides'" (para 2, 4).
Jan. 5, 2019, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"On 25 March 2018, the President’s decision to repeal Article 308 by Executive Order was published in the Palestinian Official Gazette. This is a great step towards equality and securing the dignity and rights of women and girls" (para 28). Article 308 exempts rape perpetrators from punishment if they marry the rape victim (CEM - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 4, 2019, 10:40 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"On 16 August, 2017 Lebanon's parliament voted for the full repeal of Article 522 of the Penal Code. Going forward rapists and other sexual abusers who marry their victims will no longer enjoy impunity for their crimes" (para 34).
Jan. 4, 2019, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Peru, Uruguay
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"[In] Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Peru, Uruguay –A rapist can no longer avoid punishment by marrying the victim" (para 11).
Jan. 4, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Egypt repealed Article 291 in 1999, while Morocco repealed Article 475 in 2014, two years after a 16-year-old girl killed herself after being forced to marry her rapist" (para 5). This law absolved rape perpetrators if they married their victim (CEM - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The penal code states that if a man has consensual sex with a female minor, he can avoid legal consequences by marrying the victim" (page 19).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The new law raised the age of consent to 16 and removed a clause in the legal code that allowed the court to drop the charges of sex with a minor if the perpetrator agreed to marry the victim, with the approval of her parents" (page 24).
Nov. 7, 2018, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4

"A bill which would allow men accused of raping underage girls to be cleared if they marry the girl has been preliminarily backed by Turkish MPs. The bill would pardon men only if they had sex without "force or threat" and if they married the victim" (para. 1 - 2).
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"On March 14, 2018, the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, signed Law no. 5 of 2018, which repealed article 308 of the 1960 Penal Code enforced in the West Bank. Based on an assessment by the head of a women’s shelter, the law had allowed alleged rapists to escape prosecution and could allow convicted rapists to avoid imprisonment if they married their victims. The new law also amended article 99 to prohibit judges from reducing sentences for serious crimes, such as the murder of women and children" (para 2). "'The Palestinian Authority has finally closed disturbing colonial-era and other loopholes that could allow rapists to escape punishment if they married their...more
Oct. 12, 2018, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The cabinet recommended a series of legal amendments, to be approved by President Mahmoud Abbas, which include canceling or amending laws that allowed rapists to marry their victims in order to avoid punishment and prison" (para 7).
Oct. 12, 2018, 2:15 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“'Other countries in the region that still have provisions that could allow rapists to go free by marrying victims, including Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, and Syria, also should repeal them' (para 3)".
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The law allows authorities to drop a rape case if the perpetrator marries the victim" (234). "The penalties include fines and imprisonment. The law provides relief from penalties if unmarried participants marry" (para 250)