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Latest items for LRW-LAW-4

Feb. 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"On 17 March 2006, the Constitutional Court upheld the unconstitutionality action filed by the Human Rights Procurator concerning article 200 of the Criminal Code, which stipulated that, in cases of rape, indecent assault, sexual abuse or abduction, the perpetrator’s criminal liability or, as applicable, the penalty would be extinguished by the lawful marriage of the victim and the offender. In compliance with the Constitutional Court’s ruling, that article has been repealed. Article 45 of the Sexual Violence, Exploitation and Human Trafficking Act states that the crime of rape is an actionable offence and that forgiveness expressed by the aggrieved party or by the aggrieved party’s representative does not extinguish the...more
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim has withdrawn a bill that pardons men convicted of sex with underage girls if they have married them" (para 1). 'The bill, part of a package of amendments to the legal system, was sent back for further work just hours before a final vote in parliament. Critics said it would legitimise statutory rape and encourage the practice of taking child brides'" (para 2, 4).
Jan. 5, 2019, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"On 25 March 2018, the President’s decision to repeal Article 308 by Executive Order was published in the Palestinian Official Gazette. This is a great step towards equality and securing the dignity and rights of women and girls" (para 28). Article 308 exempts rape perpetrators from punishment if they marry the rape victim (CEM - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 4, 2019, 10:40 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"On 16 August, 2017 Lebanon's parliament voted for the full repeal of Article 522 of the Penal Code. Going forward rapists and other sexual abusers who marry their victims will no longer enjoy impunity for their crimes" (para 34).
Jan. 4, 2019, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Peru, Uruguay
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"[In] Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Peru, Uruguay –A rapist can no longer avoid punishment by marrying the victim" (para 11).
Jan. 4, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Egypt repealed Article 291 in 1999, while Morocco repealed Article 475 in 2014, two years after a 16-year-old girl killed herself after being forced to marry her rapist" (para 5). This law absolved rape perpetrators if they married their victim (CEM - CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The penal code states that if a man has consensual sex with a female minor, he can avoid legal consequences by marrying the victim" (page 19).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The new law raised the age of consent to 16 and removed a clause in the legal code that allowed the court to drop the charges of sex with a minor if the perpetrator agreed to marry the victim, with the approval of her parents" (page 24).
Nov. 7, 2018, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4

"A bill which would allow men accused of raping underage girls to be cleared if they marry the girl has been preliminarily backed by Turkish MPs. The bill would pardon men only if they had sex without "force or threat" and if they married the victim" (para. 1 - 2).
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"On March 14, 2018, the Palestinian president, Mahmoud Abbas, signed Law no. 5 of 2018, which repealed article 308 of the 1960 Penal Code enforced in the West Bank. Based on an assessment by the head of a women’s shelter, the law had allowed alleged rapists to escape prosecution and could allow convicted rapists to avoid imprisonment if they married their victims. The new law also amended article 99 to prohibit judges from reducing sentences for serious crimes, such as the murder of women and children" (para 2). "'The Palestinian Authority has finally closed disturbing colonial-era and other loopholes that could allow rapists to escape punishment if they married their...more
Oct. 12, 2018, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The cabinet recommended a series of legal amendments, to be approved by President Mahmoud Abbas, which include canceling or amending laws that allowed rapists to marry their victims in order to avoid punishment and prison" (para 7).
Oct. 12, 2018, 2:15 p.m.
Countries: Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“'Other countries in the region that still have provisions that could allow rapists to go free by marrying victims, including Algeria, Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, and Syria, also should repeal them' (para 3)".
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The law allows authorities to drop a rape case if the perpetrator marries the victim" (234). "The penalties include fines and imprisonment. The law provides relief from penalties if unmarried participants marry" (para 250)
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Academics and women’s rights activists maintained that the measure within the law that allows for offenders younger than 18 years to avoid prosecution by choosing to marry their victim constituted a violation of women’s rights" (35).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved, since the consideration in 2006 of the fifth periodic report of the State party (CEDAW/C/THA/CO/5), in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following: ...to provide for the prosecution and punishment for rape of a minor, even if a court grants permission for the perpetrator to marry the victim" (1-2). "However, it remains concerned that, under section 277 (5) of the Criminal Code, the court may use its discretion to reduce the sentence of the offender and that girls as young as 13 years of age who are sexually abused can still be legally married to the perpetrator" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"A man may avoid punishment by marrying (before he is sentenced) the person he raped" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The July 2014 penal code no longer allows charges for rape to be dropped when the perpetrator marries the victim" (14).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"An amendment to the family code disallows rapists’ exoneration through marriage to their victims. Prior to 2014, rapists could avoid punishment by marrying the victim. Nonetheless, numerous articles of the penal code pertaining to rape perpetuate unequal treatment for women and provide insufficient protection, despite 2009 revisions to the family law" (27).
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, DV-LAW-1

"The Committee expresses particular concern at: . . . (d) The lack of information on the time frame for the adoption of the bill on the prevention and protection of violence against women and the use of traditional justice mechanisms, which often perpetuate gender-based violence against women, such as that requiring a victim of rape to marry the perpetrator" (page 7-8).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, LRW-LAW-4, AOM-PRACTICE-1

"Extramarital community with a minor: Article 216: 1) An adult person who lives in an extramarital community with a minor, shall be punished by an imprisonment sentence of three months to three years. 2) A parent, adoptive parent or a guardian who enables a minor to live in an extramarital community with another person or incites him/her into it shall be punished by a penalty referred to in Paragraph 1 of this Article. 3) If an act as of Paragraph 2 of this Article is done by force, threat, or for gain, the perpetrator shall be punished by an imprisonment sentence of six months to five years. 4) If a...more
May 1, 2018, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain, Kuwait, Libya, Syria
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Many women reject the law [absolving rapists of punishment if they agree to marry their victim], which also exists in Bahrain, Kuwait, Libya and Syria" (para 11).
May 1, 2018, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Morocco overhauled its law [absolving rapists of punishment if they agree to marry their victim] in 2014 following the suicide of a 16-year-old girl and the attempted suicide of a 15-year-old, both of whom were forced to marry their rapists" (para 5).
May 1, 2018, 2:09 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Egypt repealed its law [absolving rapists of punishment if they agreed to marry their victims] in 1999" (para 5).
May 1, 2018, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Iraqi women are ramping up pressure to abolish a law that lets rapists off the hook if they marry their victims, after Tunisia, Jordan and Lebanon scrapped similar articles last year" (para 1).
May 1, 2018, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Iraqi women are ramping up pressure to abolish a law that lets rapists off the hook if they marry their victims" (para 1).
April 10, 2018, 4:23 p.m.
Countries: Mongolia
Variables: LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-4

"The Committee notes with appreciation the adoption in 2015 of the revised Criminal Code, which criminalizes domestic violence and other forms of violence, such as stalking, threats and sexual exploitation, against women and girls, including those belonging to sexual minorities, and appreciates that perpetrators can no longer avoid penalties by reconciling with victims. It also notes that the revised bill on combating domestic violence contains an expanded definition of domestic violence. The Committee remains concerned, however, at the delay in the adoption of the bill" (Pg 5).
April 4, 2018, 11:24 a.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Bahrain and several other countries in the region are in the process of revoking such articles [allowing rapists to evade punishment if they marry their victims]" (para 4).
April 4, 2018, 11:22 a.m.
Countries: Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Tunisia, Jordan and Lebanon repealed similar 'marry your rapist' provisions in 2017" (para 4).
April 4, 2018, 11:21 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Through Article 398 of Iraq’s Penal Code No. 111 of 1969, which effectively encourages this practice, Sabiha, a once energetic and highly motivated woman, was re-victimized while her rapist escaped all punishment by marrying her" (para 2). "Last year, Parliamentarian Intisar Aljubory submitted a proposal to repeal Article 398 supported by 66 of her fellow MPs. Moreover, in October 2017, the coalition sent a letter to the Iraqi Speaker of the House demanding repeal of Article 398. However, it is still pending" (para 4).