The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for LRW-LAW-4

Sept. 6, 2017, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Bahrain’s Parliament voted last year to repeal a similar law (in which rapists can go free if they marry the victim). But the executive branch balked, saying the marriage loophole should be revoked only in rape cases involving multiple perpetrators" (p 9)
Sept. 6, 2017, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The Philippines, a predominantly Catholic country, still has a marry-your-rapist loophole, according to an 82-country survey by Equality Now, a women’s rights group" (p 8)
Sept. 6, 2017, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In 2014, Morocco repealed a provision that allowed convicted rapists to evade punishment by marrying their victims" (p 3)
Sept. 6, 2017, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4

"The laws were built around patriarchal attitudes that link a family’s honor directly to a woman’s chastity; the marriage option is aimed at shielding the victim’s family from ‘the scandal,’ as one victim’s brother put it in an interview" (p 2)
Sept. 1, 2017, 1:17 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“The penal code also allows rapists to escape prosecution if they marry their victims, leading to horrifying cases of abuse, particularly in conservative country areas where families pressure girls to marry their attackers to avoid the social opprobrium and reduced marriage prospects for those known to no longer be virgins” (para 20).
July 26, 2017, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In November 2016, the Turkish government had tabled a bill which proposed that men previously convicted of child abuse could be exonerated if they married the girl...After a public outcry from the AKP’s own women organization, President Erdoğan intervened and stopped the bill" (para 5).
July 5, 2017, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Egypt repealed Article 291 in 1999, while Morocco repealed Article 475 in 2014, two years after a 16-year-old girl killed herself after being forced to marry her rapist" (para 6). Article 291 in Egypt and Article 475 in Morocco were laws that allowed rapists to avoid punishment if they agreed to marry their victims (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
July 5, 2017, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"The Lebanese parliament’s Administration and Justice Committee agreed Dec. 7 to abolish Article 522 of the penal code, which allows rapists to avoid prosecution if they marry their victims. The committee is currently discussing a draft law that will be presented later on to parliament, and it is considering amending articles 503-522 about misdemeanors and honor violations, by adding penalties and forcing stricter punishments" (para 1). "'Article 522 is from the French mandate,' Soulayma Mardam-Bey, the communications officer for ABAAD, told Al-Monitor. 'It provides that in the event of a regular marriage between the perpetrator of a rape and his victim, all proceedings against him shall be suspended and, if ...more
July 5, 2017, 9:53 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"In March 2012, Amina Filali, a 16-year-old Moroccan girl, committed suicide after she was forced to marry her rapist. According to reports, she had been attacked while walking down the street in her hometown of Larache. When her father reported the rape, the prosecutor suggested that Filali and her rapist get married, in accordance with a law that allows an alleged rapist to avoid jail time by marrying his victim. The penal code, known as Article 475, was instituted as a means of protecting a rape victim’s honor, according to women’s right activists. In conservative parts of Morocco...Two years later, following public outcry over Filali’s death, the Moroccan parliament abolished ...more
July 5, 2017, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"courts can let rapists walk free if they marry their victims. Alia Awada of gender-equality campaigners ABAAD wants Lebanon to abolish the law, saying that, far from protecting a survivor’s honor, it treats them like a criminal" (p 1)
June 12, 2017, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"Under the Child Marriage Restraint Bill 2017, parents or guardians can get a court order to allow children to be married if it is in their 'best interests.' There is no minimum age for when these special considerations can apply, nor any definition of what 'best interests' could mean, but human rights groups are concerned the law could lead to rape victims or impregnated minors being married to their abusers" (para 3-4).
April 6, 2017, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"By law in order to avoid a 25-year prison sentence a convicted rapist has the option to marry the victim--provided her family consents--regardless of the wishes of the victim" (24).
March 20, 2017, 10:43 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

The Gambian Penal Code does not exempt a rapist from charges if he marries the victim (HRS-CODER COMMENT).
March 20, 2017, 10:38 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

The 2009 Criminal Law of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea does exempt a rapist from charges if he marries the victim (HRS-CODER COMMENT).
March 20, 2017, 10:30 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“Palestinian Penal Code No. 16 of 1961: Article 308. Halting prosecution and Resumption of the right to prosecute. (1) Legal proceedings shall be stopped against the perpetrator of one of the crimes included in this chapter [including rape, kidnapping and statutory rape] if a valid marriage is contracted between the offender and his victim. If a sentence has been passed in the case, the sentence against the convicted person shall be suspended. (2) If the marriage ends in the woman being divorced for no legitimate reason, the Public Prosecutor shall re-assume the right to prosecute the case and to execute the sentence within three years after the time the crime ...more
March 20, 2017, 10:26 p.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“It was also worth noting that I found many Latin American countries that have rape marriage laws including: Nicaragua’s Article 196” (para 7).
March 20, 2017, 10:23 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

"As in this case, judges can allow marriage of minors under Moroccan law, and completely disregard the rights of the child and her vulnerability to abuse. Requiring a woman or girl to marry her rapist means that his violence is exonerated and her abuse continues… Morocco ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1993. Article 16(b) of CEDAW calls on States parties to take all appropriate measures to ensure, between men and women, '[t]he same right freely to choose a spouse and to enter into marriage only with their free and full consent.' In addition, Article 16(2) states, '[t]he betrothal and the ...more
March 20, 2017, 10:17 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“The provision in rape law which ends criminal prosecution in the event of marriage between the offender and the victim was abolished in Mexico in 1991, Colombia in 1997, Peru in 1999, and Ethiopia in 2005.”
March 20, 2017, 10:15 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“The Maltese Constitution declares that ‘the State shall promote the equal right of men and women’ and ‘eliminate all forms of discrimination between the sexes.’ However, Maltese law reduces the penalties for abduction if the kidnapper states he will marry his victim. If he then marries his victim, he is exempt from punishment.”
March 20, 2017, 9:53 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“A Malaysian man who raped a 14-year-old girl avoided being thrown in jail after he married the young victim, sparking calls from angry activists for legal reforms on Thursday. A court in the Malaysian state of Sarawak on Borneo island ruled last week there was 'no necessity to proceed further with this case' following evidence that the two were married, the Borneo Post news website reported… In 2013, a man who raped a 12-year-old girl avoided prison after he married her, provoking an outcry among rights groups. However, the following year a high court sentenced the father-of-four to 12 years in jail… This is not the first time that a ...more
March 20, 2017, 9:48 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

Ethiopia repealed the rape-marriage law in 2005. However, marriage by abduction is still common. “Several countries, such as Costa Rica, Guatemala, Peru and Uruguay, with a similar law to Morocco’s, exempting rapists from punishment by marriage, have been amending them over the last several years. Ethiopia, for example, repealed its law in 2005 following Equality Now’s campaign on the issue and the advocacy of the Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association... The provision in rape law which ends criminal prosecution in the event of marriage between the offender and the victim was abolished in Mexico in 1991, Colombia in 1997, Peru in 1999, and Ethiopia in 2005. On 9 May 2005, the ...more
March 20, 2017, 9:46 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“The provision in rape law which ends criminal prosecution in the event of marriage between the offender and the victim was abolished in Mexico in 1991, Colombia in 1997, Peru in 1999, and Ethiopia in 2005.”
March 20, 2017, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“Thus, between the ages of 12 and 15 or 16, the adolescent girl is given over to marriage, generally to an older man and under specific terms. If she is insubordinate or reluctant to marry him, physical force, assault, even rape is used to force her to accept the husband. 'The woman owes obedience and faithfulness to her husband'—this expresses the conception of woman as an object of alliance between social groups. Under customary law, the woman has practically no rights; because she is regarded as belonging to the weaker sex, she is always under the authority of a father, a husband, a brother, or a son… There is a ...more
March 20, 2017, 9:24 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

“Several countries, such as Costa Rica, Guatemala, Peru and Uruguay, with a similar law to Morocco’s exempting rapists from punishment by marriage have been amending them over the last several years. Ethiopia, for example, repealed its law in 2005 following Equality Now’s campaign on the issue and the advocacy of the Ethiopian Women Lawyers Association. A very similar law in Argentina, Article 132 of the Penal Code, highlighted in Equality Now’s report – Words and Deeds – Holding Governments Accountable in the Beijing +15 Review Process – is expected to be repealed shortly by the Argentine National Congress. Morocco should do the same, setting an example for other countries in ...more
March 9, 2017, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

There is no provision in the 2003 Cape Verde Penal Code for the exemption of charges against a rapist if he marries his victim. (ML-CODER COMMENT)
March 9, 2017, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

Under the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act (2008) of Zimbabwe's Penal Code, there is no provision for marital exemption for rape. (ML-CODER COMMENT)
March 9, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

Under Zambia's 2010 Penal Code, there is no law allowing rapists to be exempt from punishment by marrying their victims. (ML-CODER COMMENT)
March 9, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

Under Vietnam's 1999 Penal Code, there is no provision for marital exemption for rape. (ML-CODER COMMENT)
March 9, 2017, 11:15 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

Under 18 U.S. Code 2242 on sexual abuse, there is no law allowing marital exemption for rape. (ML-CODER COMMENT)
March 9, 2017, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-LAW-4

In the United Kingdom's Penal Code (amended in 2008), there is no provision for marital exemption for rape. (ML-CODER COMMENT)