The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-1

July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

". . . (b) Discriminatory provisions in the Criminal Code, including the patriarchal concepts of “honest behaviour”, “virtue” and “public scandal”, which prevent the prosecution of some forms of sexual violence against women; (c) The low number of prosecutions and convictions in cases of violence against women, including in cases of femicide and killings of transgender women, and the delay in prosecuting gender-based violence" (page 7).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Inmujeres carried out an awareness and promotion campaign on Act No. 18561, the Sexual Harassment Act, using posters and leaflets that were distributed country-wide through the good offices of the Institute’s regional standard-bearers on gender, as well as through internal links to the gender mechanisms of the various ministries and public companies, primarily MTSS, including a brochure and a handbook on how to deal with situations of sexual harassment in the workplace. An important set of awareness-raising and training actions were also carried out on legislation and rights" (page 11).
July 6, 2018, 3:13 p.m.
Countries: Cote D'Ivoire
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, GEW-PRACTICE-1

"Criminal gangs, militiamen, police, gendarmes, and rebel forces subject locals to an unrelenting stream of abuses, including banditry, assault, extortion, and the rape of women, girls, and even babies. State institutions tasked with preventing and holding accountable those responsible for the violence have largely failed to act, allowing a dangerous culture of impunity to take hold" (1).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The high prevalence of harmful practices, including . . . the practice of prescribing sex with girls or women with albinism as a cure for HIV" (page 5). "Notwithstanding the steps taken to prevent and combat violence against women, such as the development and implementation of a national plan of action for the prevention and eradication of violence against women and children covering the period 2001-2015 on the mainland and in Zanzibar and the establishment of dedicated desks at major police stations throughout the State party to process cases involving children and women who are victims of abuse, the Committee expresses deep concern about: . . . (b) The lack...more
June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs reported that gang leaders, sometimes including fathers, initiated sex with young girls as a 'right,' and missing children often were fleeing violent situations and sexual abuse" (13).
June 26, 2018, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Convicted rapists generally received prison sentences of three to five years" (13).
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively prosecuted individuals accused of such crimes [rape]" (14).
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"On June 28, a police officer at the Linden Police Station in Johannesburg allegedly raped a woman detained overnight for fraud. IPID arrested the police officer, and a judge denied him bail. The investigation continued at year’s end" (5). "Watchdog groups estimated the true conviction rate for crimes reported was as low as 10 percent. According to fiscal year statistics for 2014-15, prosecutors obtained only 1,043 life sentences for 739 individuals, including 780 life sentences for crimes against women and children, despite recording more than 17,000 murders and more than 53,000 sexual assaults during the year; both crimes carry a possible life sentence. Inadequate collection of evidence at crime scenes,...more
June 14, 2018, 5:52 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence are illegal, and the government enforced the law effectively" (10).
June 10, 2018, 8:24 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"During the Miss Peru pageant last year, a contestant, Alessandra Bonelli, said on television that her personal trainer had sedated and raped her in 2015. Ms. Bonelli reported the attack but said in a recent interview that investigators “made me feel guilty for what happened.” She said she had voluntarily accepted a glass of whiskey that, without her knowledge, contained a muscle relaxant. Making matters worse, it took two years to complete a DNA test on her underwear, according to documents filed in the case. The tests showed that the semen on the garment was almost undoubtedly the trainer’s and the case is now pending. 'Most people here don’t even...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, ABO-PRACTICE-1

"[The Committee] is particularly alarmed by the practice of raping girls, known as “beading”, which is prevalent among the Samburu people and justified as a cultural practice, and its consequences, including unsafe, forced abortions" (5)
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, VOTE-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is concerned about reports of election-related gender-based violence, including of a sexual nature, such as gang rapes, against women during the elections in 2017. It is equally concerned about reports that the majority of perpetrators were police officers or members of other security forces and by the lack of reparation provided to victims. It notes with concern the delays in prosecuting perpetrators and providing redress to the victims of such violence and the State party’s apparent lack of commitment in that regard, notwithstanding the recommendations of the Commission of Inquiry into Post-Election Violence of 2007/2008" (7)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes the adoption in 2012 of Law No. 6284 on the Prevention of Violence against Women and the Protection of the Family. It notes with concern, however, that the law does not criminalize domestic violence as such, and includes no provision relating to the prosecution or punishment of perpetrators. It is also concerned about the persistence of systematic and widespread gender-based violence against women in the State party, including sexual violence, psychological violence and deprivation of access to essential goods, against women in the private sphere, and notes with concern: . . . That protection orders are rarely implemented and are insufficiently monitored, with such failure often resulting...more
June 7, 2018, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"According to MOJ, the average prosecution rate for rape and sexual assault over the past five years was approximately 45 percent, and the average conviction rate of cases prosecuted was approximately 89 percent" (10).
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The legal system allows village chiefs to negotiate the payment of compensation in lieu of trials for rapists" (15). "Gangs used rape and violence against women as part of initiation" (15). "Prison sentences were imposed on those convicted of rape, but few rapists were apprehended or prosecuted. The willingness of some communities to settle rape cases through material compensation rather than criminal prosecution made the crime difficult to combat" (15).
June 5, 2018, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities generally enforced the law effectively. Conviction rates for rape were low for first-time offenders, but sentences were robust for repeat offenders...Data on prosecutions, convictions, and prison sentences for rape and domestic violence crimes were unavailable." (20).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1

"According to NGOs many law enforcement personnel and prosecutors did not consider spousal or acquaintance rape a priority and did not encourage reporting or prosecuting such cases. NGOs reported that local police officers sometimes refused to respond to rape or domestic violence calls unless the victim’s life was directly threatened. According to NGOs many women did not report rape or other violence, especially when committed by spouses, due to social stigma and the lack of government support," (52).
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law effectively" (15). "The law criminalizes the statutory rape of minors under the age of 15, the minimum age for consensual sex, and the government generally enforced the law effectively" (19).
June 1, 2018, 10:46 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the State party’s explanation that women were not subjected to violence and discrimination during the last stages of the conflict and in the post-conflict phase, the Committee remains deeply concerned about reports of gross violations of the human rights of women on both sides, particularly of the Tamil minority group, the internally displaced women and the female ex-combatants. The Committee is particularly concerned about reports of sexual violence allegedly perpetrated also by the armed forces, the police and militant groups" (8).
May 31, 2018, 8:39 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Tens of thousands took to the streets across Spain last week to protest the verdict of a sexual assault case in Pamplona, in which five men were acquitted of rape charges and instead found guilty of sexual abuse, a lesser offense in the Spanish legal system. The men, who filmed their gang rape of a teenager on their mobile phones, claimed that the victim’s immobility during the assault proved her consent. Demonstrations lasted three consecutive days, and many activists said the case represented broader challenges women face under the Spanish justice system. The case inspired action across the Atlantic, as hundreds of thousands of Latin American women took to Twitter...more
May 29, 2018, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not provide sufficient resources to enforce laws designed to protect children from sexual abuse, child labor, and neglect. The 2014 Family Protection Act, which criminalized domestic violence including violence against children, lacked public awareness and enforcement. Child sexual and physical abuse remained significant problems" (11-12).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape cases tried in court generally resulted in convictions with sentences ranging from three years’ imprisonment to execution. Rape reportedly was rare, although observers believed underreporting was likely" (19).
May 29, 2018, 7:49 p.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law" (11).
May 29, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"While noting the State party’s explanation that women were not subjected to violence and discrimination during the last stages of the conflict and in the post-conflict phase, the Committee remains deeply concerned about reports of gross violations of the human rights of women on both sides, particularly of the Tamil minority group, the internally displaced women and the female ex-combatants. The Committee is particularly concerned about reports of sexual violence allegedly perpetrated also by the armed forces, the police and militant groups" (8).
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
May 13, 2018, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-PRACTICE-1

"Police and legal officials often charged women with intent to commit zina to justify their arrest and incarceration for social offenses, such as running away from home, rejecting a spouse chosen by her family, fleeing domestic violence or rape, or eloping. Article 130 of the constitution provides that in cases not explicitly covered by the provisions of the constitution or other laws, courts may, in accordance with Hanafi jurisprudence (a school of sharia, or Islamic law) and within the limits set by the constitution, rule in a manner that best attains justice in the case. Although observers stated this provision was widely understood to apply only to civil cases, many...more
May 11, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: Belarus
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee notes with concern the increase in the prevalence of genderbased violence against women, including sexual and psychological violence, and: The absence of legislation that criminalizes gender-based violence specifically, including domestic violence and marital rape" (pg 5).
May 10, 2018, 7:17 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Also important was the repeal of article 132 of the Criminal Code, which maintained the concept of victim-initiated pardon, whereby a female victim of rape could, by marrying her attacker, absolve him from punishment for his crime. This concept was clearly an anachronism in Argentine law that reflected an unacceptable and patriarchal notion of the role of women in society, especially since the offence in question was rape, which is the crudest form of sexual violence and a clear manifestation of an unequal power relationship for which there are no excuses. Through this reform, Argentina complied with the recommendations of both the Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-1

"Domestic and sexual violence appear to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity, as evidenced by low rates of convictions for acts of sexual and other forms of gender-based violence despite the fact that rape remains one of the most frequently reported crimes in the State party" (7).
May 4, 2018, 5:26 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"There was a gender split on another key question: whether it is more unfair for an innocent person to get kicked out of college after a sexual-assault accusation, or for a person who commits a sexual assault to get away with it. Men were divided, with 49 percent seeing expulsion of the innocent as the greater injustice and 42 percent taking the other side. But by a decisive 20-point margin, women viewed it as more unfair for an assailant to go unpunished" (pp 55-56)