The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-1

June 28, 2020, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2016 Wolf Pack case five men were cleared of rape as no evidence of violence" (para 1). "According to Amnesty International, only nine of 31 European countries have laws that define rape based on the absence of consent, instead defining it by other measures such as whether violence or the threat of violence was used- as is still the case in Spain" (para 14).
June 28, 2020, 5:16 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"A substantial share of men in the U.S. (455) say men face a lot or some pressure to join in when other men talk about women in a sexual way. Four-in-ten men perceive similar societal pressure on men to have many sexual partners. In both cases, Millennnial men are more likely than older men to say such pressures exist. About six-in-ten Millennial men (61%), for example, say there is societal pressure on men to have many sexual partners, a view shared by only about a third or fewer men in older generations" (para 9).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Although the law prohibits such practices, police officers reportedly tortured, beat, raped, and otherwise abused suspects" (3). "The same mid-term report highlighted rapes by police officers. In the first half of the year there were 51 cases reported, allegedly committed by both on-duty and off-duty officers. According to the report, Gauteng had the highest number of officers allegedly involved in rapes, with 15 cases registered" (3). "In July police investigated a gang rape after a group of men dressed in police uniforms attacked a woman at gunpoint in Johannesburg. No arrests were made. Investigations were ongoing" (3). "Rape, including spousal rape, is illegal and remained a serious and pervasive problem"...more
June 1, 2020, 12:53 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Denmark has the highest rape numbers in Europe and masks a pervasive rape culture with its outward social liberalism, Amnesty International has claimed" (para1). "Amnesty believe this is flawed legislation and helps in the spreading of gender stereotypes which has resulted in impunity for rapists" (para 8). "Experts believe that Danish law assumes consent in cases of 'involuntary paralysis' or 'freezing' which victims of sexual assault can experience. The Danish government recently set up a panel to put forward proposals that could help victims. But Amnesty said this fell short of anything significant and bolder steps were needed." (16-18).
May 31, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The rate of sexual violence in attacks against women does not diminish . Women are trying to protect themselves against this violence in their own way. Sexual violence takes place mostly in public areas, on the streets and in public transport. At least 142 of the women were exposed to sexual violence in public areas, particularly by men they did not recognize" (para 37). "A woman has been subjected to sexual harassment and abuse by her father for 10 years since she was 15 years old. In November, the father's letter of love to his daughter was found by the mother and as a result of her delation the father...more
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Government Decision No. 463-2013 amending GD 831-2000, Enabling Regulation for the Law to Prevent, Punish and Eradicate Domestic Violence, established that the National Coordination Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence and Violence against Women (CONAPREVI) will operate in coordination with the Ministry of the Interior (MINGOB), through the Office of the Third Vice-Minister in charge of Violence and Crime Prevention. It also expanded coverage by including the Secretariat against Sexual Violence, Exploitation and Trafficking in Persons (SVET) and the Office for the Defence of Indigenous Women (DEMI), which is being relaunched in view of the importance attached to it at the highest level of Governmen" (10). "Despite progress made...more
May 6, 2020, 8:40 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape of men and women and spousal rape, and the government handled rape cases as a judicial priority. Penalties for conviction of rape range from five years’ to life imprisonment with fines of 500,000 to one million Rwandan francs ($592 to $1,183). Penalties for conviction of spousal rape range from two months’ to life imprisonment with fines of 100,000 to 300,000 Rwandan francs ($118 to $355)." (35).
April 30, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Last week, a 22-year-old Dutch journalist was gang-raped in Tahrir Square and had to undergo surgery for severe injuries. The assault reminds us yet again of an often overlooked aspect of the Egyptian revolution. When Egyptians overthrew their dictator in 2011, one of the first celebratory acts in Tahrir Square included the gang beating and sexual assault of American journalist Lara Logan, who, like the Dutch journalist, landed in the hospital. The Logan rape has always been portrayed as another unfortunate byproduct of mob violence. In fact, it was much more than that. It was a warning shot fired by men whose political beliefs are founded on a common pillar:...more
April 28, 2020, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"People pointing to female indecency to explain sexual assaults on them may have a lot in common with men in Saudi Arabia. In a country where women must cover most of their body in public, the majority of males say women provoke molestation with makeup." (para 1). "This opinion seems to dominate society in the ultraconservative kingdom. A new opinion poll showed that 86.5 percent of men blame mascara and eye liner for the rise in molestation cases in public places, reports the Emirates 24/7 news website." (para 2).
April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The HRMMU’s report Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Ukraine, which covered the period from March 2014 to the end of January, stated, 'The majority of documented cases of conflict-related sexual violence happened when people, both men and women, were detained by either government forces or armed groups.' It noted that cases of sexual violence were generally underreported due to trauma suffered by victims, stigma associated with sexual violence, and fear of reprisals. According to the report, 'beatings and electrocutions on the genitals, rapes, threats of rape and forced nudity were used as methods of torture and ill- treatment to punish, humiliate, or extract confessions.' In its December 2016 report, the HRMMU...more
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"According to reports, security services committed rape and other forms of violence against women and girls, often with impunity." (6). "Boko Haram engaged in widespread sexual violence against women and girls." (19). ""Reports indicated government officials, security forces, and others committed sexual exploitation--including sex trafficking--and such exploitation was a major concern in state-run IDP camps, informal camps, and local communities in and around Maiduguri, the Borno State capital, and across the Northeast. “Gatekeepers” in control of some IDP camps, at times in collusion with police officers and soldiers, reportedly forced women and girls to provide sex acts in exchange for food and services in the camps; in July 2016 an...more
April 19, 2020, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: IMSTD-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Fifty-eight percent of women believe that a wife is justified in refusing to have sexual intercourse if she knows her husband has sex with other women. Similarly, 59% of women believe that a wife is justified in asking her husband to use a condom if she knows that her husband has an STI. The corresponding proportions among male respondents are 74% and 83%" (276-277). "To assess the ability of a woman to negotiate sexual relations, currently married women were asked whether they can say no to their husband if they do not want to have sexual intercourse and whether they can ask their husband to use a condom. More than...more
April 3, 2020, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"This isn’t the first time that social media has changed the outcome of abuse cases that would likely have otherwise gone ignored. In one high-profile assault case in May 2011, a school principal in the southwestern municipality of Chongqing was eventually found guilty of sexually assaulting a teacher after forcing her to drink 16 cups of liquor. A reporter from the Chongqing Evening News published the local police station’s initial response that rape might not have been committed because of the use of a condom" (para 8).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Although rape was frequent, prosecutions were rare" (37). "As in previous years, the government did not effectively enforce the 2006 Women’s Protection Act. The act brought the crime of rape under the jurisdiction of criminal rather than Islamic courts" (38). "The law requires a victim to complain directly to a sessions court, which is considered a trial court for heinous offenses. After recording the victim’s statement, the sessions court judge officially lodges a complaint, after which police may then make arrests. NGOs reported the procedure created barriers for rape victims who could not afford to travel to or access the courts. Rape was a severely underreported crime" (38). "According to...more
March 30, 2020, 8:50 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Last year, this led to a gang of men who attacked an 18-year-old woman getting acquitted of gang rape - which in turn prompted a panel of legal experts to recommend the law be tightened to define any non-consensual sexual act as 'assault' or 'rape'" (para 28).
March 30, 2020, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"But in a report released last week, Amnesty International warned that Denmark also has 'widespread sexual violence' and systemic problems in how it deals with rape" (para 3). "That same year, only 890 rapes were reported to the police, of which 535 led to prosecutions, and 94 ended in convictions" (para 6). "Speaking to Amnesty, victims said they often found 'the reporting process and its aftermath immensely traumatising', either because they were not believed, they were interrogated by officers, or, in one case, important evidence that was later needed at trial was allegedly not properly collected" (para 7). "Some believe the Scandinavian country's image as a progressive utopia has actually...more
March 29, 2020, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

""One-quarter of ever-married women each reported that their husbands are jealous or angry if they talk with other men (26%) or insist on knowing where they are at all times (24%). About one in twenty ever-married women said that their husbands/partners do not permit them to meet with their female friends (6%), frequently accuse them of being unfaithful (5%), or try to limit their contact with their families (4%). Only 6% of ever-married women reported that their husbands display three or more of the specified behaviours and 62% say that they display none of them" (222). Controlling behaviors by husbands/partners may suggest the existence of societal norms that perpetuate rape...more
March 25, 2020, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The country’s legal system struggled to address the woman’s complaint. Gogoi first chaired a special session of the Supreme Court where he publicly denounced the woman and the allegations. Then the court set up an informal committee of three judges to examine the allegations" (para 3). "On Monday, the court announced that the panel had found no substance to the woman’s allegations and that its report would remain secret" (para 4). "Gogoi’s accuser said in a statement that she was 'disappointed and dejected' by the panel’s conclusion and feared reprisals against her and her family" (para 6). "The Washington Post and other news outlets are withholding the woman’s name because...more
March 24, 2020, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Central African Rep
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"'I was working out in the fields when it happened,' one girl who said she’d been sexually assaulted by a Ugandan soldier told The New York Times in an interview. 'The man came behind me without me noticing. He grabbed me. Then he raped me in the field.' She was 13 years old at the time, she said, and she became pregnant. Her parents went to the nearby Ugandan military base to report the crime, she said. Ugandan officers said that the soldier had already left the country but that they would 'bring him to justice and put him in prison,' said the girl. She is now 15 and says...more
March 4, 2020, 10:53 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Their offspring automatically become slaves, too. All of Moulkheir’s children were born into slavery. And all were the result of rape by her master" (para 24-26). "The attacks began when she had barely begun to cover her head with a scarf, a Muslim tradition that begins at puberty. The master took Moulkheir out to the goat fields near his home and raped her in front of the animals. Moulkheir had no choice but to endure this torture. She’d convinced herself that her master knew what was best for her — that this was the way it had always been, would always be" (para 27). "Soon, the abuse — directed not...more
Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Within this framework, the Court of Cassation stressed that the consent to sexual acts between spouses or partners is essential: should it fail, the conduct will be of a penal relevance (Sect. III, 36962/2007). By Law Decree 93/2013, it has been acknowledged further the seriousness of sexual violence as manifestation of dominion within relationships or as a stalking tool, following the end of a relationship. Moreover, it should be stressed the equalization between conducts perpetrated during the relationship to those ones at the end of it. The above Law Decree has also set aside the requirement of “legal” separation, envisaging the increased penalty regardless of the status between partners." (para...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape and the use of threats or violence to claim a 'marital right to intercourse.' While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces" (27).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Awareness-raising activities to combat harmful traditional practices are carried out in all departments. Emphasis is placed on practices such as: (i) those related to sexuality (sexual violence, early initiation of sexual behaviour) (...)" (11)
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:06 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"While taking note of the State party’s efforts to combat gender-based violence, the Committee is concerned at reports on the continuing incidents of gender-based violence, in particular domestic violence, incest and rape, including marital rape, the low number of complaints, investigations, prosecutions and convictions for such cases, and insufficient legal protections for victims. Furthermore, the Committee expresses its concern at the requirement of the victim’s complaint in the Penal Code in order to prosecute crimes of sexual violence." (9). "In light of previous recommendations made by the Committee (para. 25) and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW/C/JPN/CO/6, paras. 31-34), the State party should strengthen its efforts...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not enforce the law against rape effectively" (28) "Muhamasheen women were particularly vulnerable to rape and other abuse because of the general impunity for attackers due to the women’s low-caste status" (33),
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"However, Japan is also making proactive efforts concerning all forms of violence against women, including domestic violence and gender-based violence." (45). "As one of the preventive measures, in the first instance, efforts concerning violence against women, including raising awareness, are further strengthened through the “Campaign for Eliminating of Violence against Women” (November 12 to 25 every year), in coordination/cooperation with the State, local governments, women’s groups, and other related groups, in order to eradicate violence against women, such as violence by a spouse, etc., sexual crimes, prostitution, trafficking in persons, sexual harassment, and stalking activities." (45). "From the perspective of preventing persons from becoming the perpetrators or victims of violence...more
Jan. 22, 2020, 11:18 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"While the law criminalises rape, victims often withdraw charges due to compensation from the accused, family pressure or threats, according to the 2018 U.S. State Department human rights report on Namibia" (para 14).
Jan. 22, 2020, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Naripokkho, a top women rights organisation, held rally near its office at Dhanmondi 5/A in Dhaka with the slogan 'No more sexual assault.' Protesters expressing solidarity to the countrywide event staged an hour-long sit-in programme in front of Naripokkho’s office from 4pm. Rowshon Ara, coordinator of the event, said their protests came in the wake of an upward trend on violence, especially sexual, against women. 'Rapes and other forms of sexual abuse are on the rise across the country. We need to wage a mass demonstration to fight such criminal acts,' she told Dhaka Tribune. 'If we can stage a coordinated demonstration, we can help reduce violence against women,' added...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"the United Nations documented reports of an April 17 sexual assault on a 21-year-old woman who was beaten and raped at gunpoint by three uniformed men in North Galkayo; their affiliation was not known. The police opened an investigation, but no arrests were made." (14-15). "Increased reports of sexual and gender-based violence accompanied increased displacement, including reports of incidents committed by various armed groups and security personnel." (24). "The law criminalizes rape, providing penalties of five to 15 years in prison for violations. Military court sentences for rape included death. The government did not effectively enforce the law. There are no federal laws against spousal violence, including rape, although in...more
Jan. 8, 2020, 12:17 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Hundreds of children and teenagers took to the streets of the Paraguayan capital Asuncion on Sunday, to protest against the impunity surrounding cases of sexual abuse and rapes in the country. They tried to convince the population to join their struggle, performing street theater, songs, holding drawings and banners that read 'Don't be indifferent, children are victims of abuses and the State would not do anything'" (para 1-2). "On March last year, the death of a 14-year-old rape victim during childbirth put the spotlight on the country’s high levels of sexual violence against girls and its strict abortion law. But the outrage was never translated into policies" (para 6).more