The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 15, 2018, 3:35 p.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Last week, a 14-year-old girl in Paraguay died during childbirth. She became pregnant after she was raped by a 37-year-old man" (para 1). "In 2015, a 10-year-old girl in Paraguay became pregnant after she was raped by her stepfather" (para 5). "Every day in Paraguay four girls suffer sexual violence, and two girls under age 15 give birth, according to data from the Ministry of Health" (para 7).
Sept. 14, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-3

"In the past, a victim's family could force them to marry their rapist to avoid being shamed" (para 2). This quote is referring to the self-declared republic of Somaliland, not Somalia (KYK-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Media reports of violence against women and rape were common. Most rape and abuse cases reported in the media involved minors, and attackers usually knew their victims" (18)."The courts have the power to detain perpetrators, although most were released pending sentencing and allowed to return to the communities of their victims" (20).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"A woman who was forced to marry her rapist when she was 11 has helped inspire the Florida Senate pass a bill that would end child marriage in the state" (para 1). "Johnson was raped at age 8 by a church bishop in Tampa...Later, her mother's husband and a church deacon, Alfonsa Tolbert, did the same" (para 3).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The successful prosecution of rape cases was difficult because the law requires a medical certificate and, as in all criminal cases, requires either the active cooperation of the victim or a third-party witness to the crime. Police and prosecutors may not pursue a case on their own, even with independent physical evidence. Consequently, a rapist could avoid punishment if the victim withdrew the complaint" (24).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Victims of such crimes seldom recognise the abuse they suffer as unlawful because they have been groomed from a young age. Sanghera said: 'Nowhere in their psyche do they own the abuse as a criminal offence. They are not thought of as slaves but if you have not consented to that marriage – you will be raped in that relationship – that is sexual slavery'" (para. 25).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"NGOs complained of a delay of justice caused by judicial inaction and widespread impunity, especially regarding family and domestic violence and sexual abuse" (8). The government failed to enforce the law effectively, however, leading to widespread impunity and increased violence" (20). "Several NGOs reported sexual exploitation of young girls was common, as was the prevalence of older men (including foreigners) who exploited young girls under the guise of providing them support" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government enforced the law effectively" (14).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:14 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Earlier in the day, the city police commissioner, Praveen Sood, said officers had seen images from 45 CCTV cameras and had enough evidence to begin an investigation" (para 4). Since the police are collecting evidence and pushing forward investigations, it appears that they are attempting to enforce laws against assault and rape (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:07 a.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"According to Vella, the Sicilian prosecutor, violence against Nigerian prostitutes is rarely investigated, because 'the tendency, here in Italy, has been to not look at criminal organizations as long as they’re committing crimes only against non-Italians.' One consequence, he said, is that Nigerian gangs have spent at least fifteen years 'collecting vast sums of money, arming themselves,' and exploiting underage girls with impunity" (para 115).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape, including spousal rape, and the government generally enforced the law" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"According to MOJ, the average prosecution rate for rape and sexual assault over the past five years was approximately 45 percent, and the average conviction rate of cases prosecuted was approximately 89 percent" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities were reportedly ineffective at protecting refugees from sexual and gender-based violence. UNHCR worked with local authorities as well as camp residents in Nyarugusu to strengthen coordination and their ability to address problems of violence--including sexual violence--against minorities. UNHCR reported the most frequent crimes were domestic violence and abuse, physical aggression, sexual abuse, and intimidation within both family units and the broader refugee community. The government investigated, prosecuted, and punished perpetrators of abuses in the camp; local authorities handled most cases of refugees involved in crime and abuse outside the camp" (15). "Many who appeared in court were set free because of corruption in the judicial system, lack of evidence,...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape is illegal, although the government did not always enforce the law effectively" (34). "Police showed reluctance to investigate abuse cases, and rules of evidence made prosecution of child abuse difficult" (39).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In sharia courts, which are primarily responsible for civil matters between Muslims, the extremely high burden of proof for a rape case contributed to a low conviction rate" (21). "Authorities arrested some individuals who were victims of sexual assault for engaging in sexual relations outside of marriage; authorities usually commuted prison sentences or fined the victims for other less serious offenses" (23).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"For example, on June 17, authorities arrested a commander and seven members of the Tornado volunteer battalion, charging them with the kidnapping, unlawful detention, rape, and torture of local residents of government-controlled territory in the Luhansk Oblast" (4). "Women reported attempted rape and sexual abuse at the hands of separatists. Women IDPs who left separatist control reported they fled principally because they feared they or their children would be sexually abused" (19).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government enforced the law effectively in reported cases. Courts in some cases imposed the maximum punishment for rape" (15). "In January the Foreign and Commonwealth Office reported widespread sexual abuse of children on the island of St. Helena. Its report had found a culture of acceptance of child abuse and alleged a number of serial child sex offenders and serial victims lived on the island. Sexual maturity, rather than age of consent, was the de facto basis in determining what was acceptable for sexual relations on the island" (17). In child sexual abuse cases, it is logical to estimate that roughly half or more of these case involve girls...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"...police frequently were reluctant to intervene in what they considered domestic matters" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: Vietnam
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government enforced the law, and convicted rapists received harsh sentences" (43). This is particularly in regards to the sexual exploitation of children under the age of 18 (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Police sometimes did not act on reported rape cases if the perpetrators were aligned with ZANU-PF or if the rape was used as a political tool against non-ZANU-PF members, as occurred during the 2008 election. Unlike the 2008 elections, which resulted in numerous cases of politically motivated gang rapes, there were very few reports of rape used as a political weapon during the 2013 elections period...Although police referred the majority of reported rapes of women and men who received services from the rape centers for prosecution, very few were prosecuted" (32). "Most of the substantive calls concerned sexual and physical abuse, generally inflicted by a relative or someone who lived...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government effectively prosecuted individuals accused of such crimes [rape]" (14).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"Rape, including spousal rape, and domestic violence are illegal, and the government enforced the law effectively" (10).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:29 a.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"On June 28, a police officer at the Linden Police Station in Johannesburg allegedly raped a woman detained overnight for fraud. IPID arrested the police officer, and a judge denied him bail. The investigation continued at year’s end" (5). "Watchdog groups estimated the true conviction rate for crimes reported was as low as 10 percent. According to fiscal year statistics for 2014-15, prosecutors obtained only 1,043 life sentences for 739 individuals, including 780 life sentences for crimes against women and children, despite recording more than 17,000 murders and more than 53,000 sexual assaults during the year; both crimes carry a possible life sentence. Inadequate collection of evidence at crime scenes,...more
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not provide sufficient resources to enforce laws designed to protect children from sexual abuse, child labor, and neglect. The 2014 Family Protection Act, which criminalized domestic violence including violence against children, lacked public awareness and enforcement. Child sexual and physical abuse remained significant problems" (11-12).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:28 a.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government enforced the law against rape, but victims generally feared social stigma and underreported the crime" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The legal system allows village chiefs to negotiate the payment of compensation in lieu of trials for rapists" (15). "Gangs used rape and violence against women as part of initiation" (15). "Prison sentences were imposed on those convicted of rape, but few rapists were apprehended or prosecuted. The willingness of some communities to settle rape cases through material compensation rather than criminal prosecution made the crime difficult to combat" (15).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"For rape cases that were reported, police and the courts were responsive, and the government instituted a fast-track court system for hearing cases of rape, human trafficking, and other violent crimes. Between July 2014 and July 2015, 981 cases of rape and 562 cases of attempted rape were filed with police, compared with 912 cases of rape and 414 cases of attempted rape in the previous year, according to the Women and Children Service Directorate (WCSD) of the Nepal Police" (26).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Police selectively investigated cases; among the minority brought to trial, successful prosecutions were rare" (26).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities prosecuted officers accused of involvement in serious crimes such as robbery, murder, or rape" (5). "The government generally enforced the law effectively, and convicted rapists routinely received prison sentences" (15). "In a few traditional communities, girls as young as 10 were forced to have sexual relations with older men as part of such initiation rites" (16).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:21 a.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities rarely enforced the law" (16). "Child abuse was a problem, including the rape of babies and toddlers...Government efforts to combat child rape were limited, focusing primarily on child protection networks, which addressed the needs of victims and helped raise public awareness" (18).