The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-1

Feb. 15, 2020, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Within this framework, the Court of Cassation stressed that the consent to sexual acts between spouses or partners is essential: should it fail, the conduct will be of a penal relevance (Sect. III, 36962/2007). By Law Decree 93/2013, it has been acknowledged further the seriousness of sexual violence as manifestation of dominion within relationships or as a stalking tool, following the end of a relationship. Moreover, it should be stressed the equalization between conducts perpetrated during the relationship to those ones at the end of it. The above Law Decree has also set aside the requirement of “legal” separation, envisaging the increased penalty regardless of the status between partners." (para...more
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The law criminalizes rape and the use of threats or violence to claim a 'marital right to intercourse.' While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces" (27).
Feb. 5, 2020, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Awareness-raising activities to combat harmful traditional practices are carried out in all departments. Emphasis is placed on practices such as: (i) those related to sexuality (sexual violence, early initiation of sexual behaviour) (...)" (11)
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:06 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"While taking note of the State party’s efforts to combat gender-based violence, the Committee is concerned at reports on the continuing incidents of gender-based violence, in particular domestic violence, incest and rape, including marital rape, the low number of complaints, investigations, prosecutions and convictions for such cases, and insufficient legal protections for victims. Furthermore, the Committee expresses its concern at the requirement of the victim’s complaint in the Penal Code in order to prosecute crimes of sexual violence." (9). "In light of previous recommendations made by the Committee (para. 25) and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW/C/JPN/CO/6, paras. 31-34), the State party should strengthen its efforts...more
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not enforce the law against rape effectively" (28) "Muhamasheen women were particularly vulnerable to rape and other abuse because of the general impunity for attackers due to the women’s low-caste status" (33),
Jan. 29, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"However, Japan is also making proactive efforts concerning all forms of violence against women, including domestic violence and gender-based violence." (45). "As one of the preventive measures, in the first instance, efforts concerning violence against women, including raising awareness, are further strengthened through the “Campaign for Eliminating of Violence against Women” (November 12 to 25 every year), in coordination/cooperation with the State, local governments, women’s groups, and other related groups, in order to eradicate violence against women, such as violence by a spouse, etc., sexual crimes, prostitution, trafficking in persons, sexual harassment, and stalking activities." (45). "From the perspective of preventing persons from becoming the perpetrators or victims of violence...more
Jan. 22, 2020, 11:18 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"While the law criminalises rape, victims often withdraw charges due to compensation from the accused, family pressure or threats, according to the 2018 U.S. State Department human rights report on Namibia" (para 14).
Jan. 22, 2020, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Naripokkho, a top women rights organisation, held rally near its office at Dhanmondi 5/A in Dhaka with the slogan 'No more sexual assault.' Protesters expressing solidarity to the countrywide event staged an hour-long sit-in programme in front of Naripokkho’s office from 4pm. Rowshon Ara, coordinator of the event, said their protests came in the wake of an upward trend on violence, especially sexual, against women. 'Rapes and other forms of sexual abuse are on the rise across the country. We need to wage a mass demonstration to fight such criminal acts,' she told Dhaka Tribune. 'If we can stage a coordinated demonstration, we can help reduce violence against women,' added...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"the United Nations documented reports of an April 17 sexual assault on a 21-year-old woman who was beaten and raped at gunpoint by three uniformed men in North Galkayo; their affiliation was not known. The police opened an investigation, but no arrests were made." (14-15). "Increased reports of sexual and gender-based violence accompanied increased displacement, including reports of incidents committed by various armed groups and security personnel." (24). "The law criminalizes rape, providing penalties of five to 15 years in prison for violations. Military court sentences for rape included death. The government did not effectively enforce the law. There are no federal laws against spousal violence, including rape, although in...more
Jan. 8, 2020, 12:17 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Hundreds of children and teenagers took to the streets of the Paraguayan capital Asuncion on Sunday, to protest against the impunity surrounding cases of sexual abuse and rapes in the country. They tried to convince the population to join their struggle, performing street theater, songs, holding drawings and banners that read 'Don't be indifferent, children are victims of abuses and the State would not do anything'" (para 1-2). "On March last year, the death of a 14-year-old rape victim during childbirth put the spotlight on the country’s high levels of sexual violence against girls and its strict abortion law. But the outrage was never translated into policies" (para 6).more
Dec. 21, 2019, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The violence against Indigenous girls and women, experts say, is deeply rooted in Canada’s history.From the 1870s until 1996, Canada forced thousands of Indigenous children to go to residential schools in an effort to suppress their language and culture. Many faced physical, sexual and mental abuse" (para 14-15).
Dec. 21, 2019, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In one horrific recent case, 11-year-old Daria Lukyanenko, from Odessa region, was killed after she 'fought back' against an alleged rape attempt by a family friend Nikolay Tarasov, 22. Her body was found after a six day search in a village cesspool, and the man was detained for attempted rape and murder. Hundreds attended her funeral and the suspect's mother Maria publicly 'disowned' her son. Earlier armed police intervened after his family home was besieged by angry locals" (para 8-11).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"For prosecutors, judges and even defense lawyers in Guatemala, the case exemplifies the national scourge…motivated by a deep-seated sense of ownership over women and their place in relationships" (para 6). "…most women are killed by lovers, family members, husbands or partners--men angered by women acting independently, enraged by jealousy or, like Gehovany, driven by a deeply ingrained sense of control over women's lives. 'Men end up thinking they can dispose of women as they wish,' said Adriana Quinones, the United Nations Women's country representative in Guatemala" (para 28-29). "His youngest daughter...had resigned herself to voluntary confinement....In town, some residents openly blamed Lubia for what happened. Even her own aunts did"...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Justice was a long time coming for the young Spanish woman gang-raped during the Pamplona bull runs in 2016. On Friday, the Supreme Court in Madrid overturned a lower court's verdict and found the five men who attacked her guilty of rape rather than sexual abuse, and raised their sentences from nine to 15 years in prison" (para. 1). "The men called themselves la manada (the wolf pack) and their case revealed gaping holes in the Spanish legal system's approach to sexual violence. According to Amnesty International, three-quarters of EU member states, including Spain, legally recognise an assault as rape only when physical violence, threats or coercion are involved. A...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:36 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The demonstrations come three years after the notorious gang-rape of a woman at the running of the bulls festival in Pamplona and amid the trial of seven men accused of raping a 14-year-old girl in Catalonia. 'This has been a summer dominated by barbarity, murders, rapes, assault, paedophilia and gang attacks,' said the protests' organisers, Feminist Emergency. 'The gender-based violence of the summer has led to the worst figures in more than a decade'" (para 5-7). "Spain's acting prime minister, socialist party leader Pedro Sanchez, tweeted his support for Friday's protests. 'Tonight will be purple,' he said. 'The streets of our country will fill with light against sexist violence because...more
Dec. 14, 2019, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Little did she know that barely a month into her marriage she would also be expected to act as a wife for two of her husband's other brothers and, when she refused, would be raped and assaulted" (para 3).
Dec. 8, 2019, 5:14 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"'This is a major public health issue and these types of behaviours must be stopped,' Louise Mannheimer, the head of the Swedish Public Health Agency's sexual health unit said" (para. 8).
Dec. 7, 2019, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In January, campaigners condemned the arrest of five pregnant pupils in the Tandahimba district, on the Mozambique border, saying that the men who impregnated them should be arrested instead" (para. 6).
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The shocking figures have led campaigners to claim that rape is being 'effectively decriminalised' in Britain" (para 3). "The percentage of reports which lead to a conviction in rape cases is much lower than many other types of crime" (para 4). "Campaigners believe the CPS has become more reluctant to bring cases in the aftermath of a series of collapsed trials in recent years. They say the CPS had begun ditching so-called 'weak' cases in order to improve notoriously low rape conviction rates" (para 10-11). "Andrea Simon, from End Violence Against Women Coalition, added: 'These numbers represent real women subjected to rape, a crime which does enormous harm, who are...more
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"On January 17, 2007, police, military and private security guards forcibly evicted the residents of Lote 8, El Estor, to clear the land for nickel mining, at that time for Canadian company Hudbay Minerals. The men of the community were in the fields, and the women at home. Eleven women, including Margarita Caal Caal, have now come forward to say they were raped during the forced eviction" (para 35-36).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Reported techniques included beatings with fists, whips, rifle butts, and other objects; prolonged suspension by the limbs from a ceiling or door; electric shocks; sexual assault; and attacks by dogs." (6). "Media, NGOs, and UNHCR staff reported multiple cases of attacks against refugees, particularly women and children. According to UNHCR, refugees sometimes reported harassment, sexual harassment, and discrimination. Refugee women and girls, particularly sub- Saharan Africans, faced the greatest risk of societal, sexual, and gender-based violence." (32). "The law prohibits rape, prescribing criminal penalties of 15 to 25 years’ imprisonment, or life imprisonment for cases of rape involving armed abduction. Spousal rape is not illegal. The government did not effectively...more
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Attorneys who represented rape survivors said that authorities were reasonably responsive to cases involving the rape of minors, as the law is clear and judicial measures exist to deal with such cases. Due to the lack of clear legal or administrative structures to deal with such cases, however, authorities frequently dropped or did not pursue cases when the offender was also a minor or the survivor was an adult" (19).
Oct. 22, 2019, 6:25 p.m.
Countries: Sudan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights issues included extrajudicial killings; torture, beatings, rape…lack of accountability in cases involving violence against women, including rape and female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C); the use of child soldiers; trafficking in persons." (pg 2). "Security forces, rebel groups, and armed individuals perpetrated sexual violence against women and girls; the abuse was especially prevalent in the conflict areas." (pg 6). "Government forces abused persons detained in connection with armed conflict as well as IDPs suspected of having links to rebel groups. There were continuing reports that government security forces, progovernment and antigovernment militias, and other armed persons raped women and children." (pg 20). "Outside IDP camps and towns,...more
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Military personnel sexually assaulted and beat women, including at checkpoints. Senior government officials took no steps to address such violence and were sometimes implicated in the violence themselves" (3). "The government did not enforce the law effectively, in part due to reluctance of victims and their families to report rape. Even when victims reported rape, police and judicial officials were reluctant to act, particularly if alleged perpetrators were politically connected" (20).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"There continued to be reports of rape and sexual abuse of women in police or protective custody" (25). "The PNP and the Department of Social Welfare both maintained help desks to assist survivors of violence against women and encourage reporting. With the assistance of NGOs, the CHR, and the Philippine Commission on Women, law enforcement officers continued to receive gender sensitivity training to deal with victims of sexual crimes and domestic violence. The PNP maintained a women and children’s unit with 1,918 desks throughout the country to deal with abuse cases... 4,576 officers were assigned to the desks nationwide, almost 98 percent of them women" (26).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"UNHCR reported 20 cases of rape from January through October at a refugee camp in Betou, 16 of which involved rape of a minor. Rape and sexual abuse commonly occurred during the initial flight; many women and girls engaged in survival sex in exchange for protection, material goods, or money. Women often remained with abusive partners who offered protection during the flight and subsequently reported domestic abuse and marital rape. The vast majority of gender-based violence incidents went unreported because complaints could take three or more years before courts examined them" (16). "UNHCR’s protection officers and medical partners provided medical, psychosocial, and legal assistance to victims of gender-based violence, including...more
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality. The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions . . . Crimes of sexual violence were sometimes committed as...more
Aug. 6, 2019, 8:14 a.m.
Countries: Comoros
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"Authorities prosecuted perpetrators if victims filed charges. There were reports that families or village elders settled many allegations of sexual violence informally through traditional means and without recourse to the formal court system" (page 9).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Authorities only occasionally prosecuted perpetrators of sexual violence. The judicial system did not provide consistent and predictable recourse or legal protection, and traditional legal systems were subject to ethnic variations. To fill the void, UNHCR enlisted the support of a local NGO to support the cases of refugees through the judicial process. The DPHR was unable to provide humanitarian escorts consistently due to lack of resources but was generally effective in providing protection inside refugee camps" (page 12). "Rape is prohibited and punishable by imprisonment. Nevertheless, rape--including rape of female refugees--was a problem (see section 2.d.). The law does not specifically address spousal rape. Police often detained alleged perpetrators, but...more
July 21, 2019, 6:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Like everyone in Yemen, women in the country have been severely affected by the war. And as a subgroup of the population, they are vulnerable to gender-based violence. In September 2016, an OXFAM report indicated that women and girls in Yemen have been subjected to violence, abuse and exploitation — including sexual — by the different armed groups since the outbreak of the conflict, particularly at checkpoints" (para 4).