The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 29, 2020, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The council's group of experts on action against violence against women and domestic violence 'strongly encouraged' swift action in its first report on the country" (para 3). "The problem with this approach is that it does not fully capture the realities of women experiencing sexual violence and how they respond to threat (ie flight, fight, freeze, flop or befriend)'" (para 5). "In response to a series of high-profile cases where lax penalties imposed on offenders caused an outcry, the Finnish ministry of justice has recently established a working group to recommend on required reforms by the end of May 2020" (para 7). "Calls for change were amplified last year when...more
Sept. 27, 2020, 4:17 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In June, the Supreme Court convicted five men for the gang rape of a woman in Pamplona in 2016, overruling a lower court's 2018 conviction of the men on lesser charges, and sentenced them to 15 years' imprisonment. In November, a Barcelona court convicted a different group of men on lesser charges of abuse, rather than rape, because no violence or intimidation had been used because the 14-year-old victim was unconscious" (para 5).
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:54 p.m.
Countries: Netherlands

“X and Y v. the Netherlands (no. 8978/80) (26 March 1985): A girl with a mental handicap (the second applicant) was raped, in the home for children with mental disabilities where she lived, the day after her sixteenth birthday (which was the age of consent for sexual intercourse in the Netherlands) by a relative of the person in charge. She was traumatised by the experience but deemed unfit to sign an official complaint given her low mental age. Her father (the first applicant) signed in her place, but proceedings were not brought against the perpetrator because the girl had to make the complaint herself. The domestic courts recognised that there...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 10:53 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia

“E.S. and Others v. Slovakia (application no. 8227/04) (15 September 2009): In 2001 the applicant left her husband and lodged a criminal complaint against him for ill-treating her and her children and sexually abusing one of their daughters. He was convicted of violence and sexual abuse two years later. Her request for her husband to be ordered to leave their home was dismissed, however, the court finding that it did not have the power to restrict her husband’s access to the property (she could only end the tenancy when divorced). The applicant and her children were therefore forced to move away from their friends and family. The Court found that...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:36 p.m.
Countries: Moldova

“I.G. v. the Republic of Moldova (no. 53519/07) (15 May 2012): The applicant alleged that, at the age of fourteen, she had been raped by an acquaintance (a twenty-three-year-old man who lived in the same neighbourhood as the applicant’s grandmother, whom she visited often). She complained in particular that the authorities had not investigated her allegations effectively. The Court held that the investigation of the applicant’s case had fallen short of the requirements inherent in the State’s positive obligations to effectively investigate and punish all forms of rape and sexual abuse, in violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention” (6). “I.P. v. the Republic...more
Sept. 26, 2020, 4:35 p.m.
Countries: Belgium

“B.V. v. Belgium (no. 61030/08) (2 May 2017): The applicant complained in particular that a full and comprehensive investigation had not been carried out and that she had not had an effective remedy by which to raise complaints of rape and indecent assault by a work colleague. The Court held that there had been a procedural violation of Article 3 (prohibition of inhuman or degrading treatment) of the Convention. It found in particular that the applicant’s allegations were arguable and could therefore be regarded as complaints of treatment breaching Article 3 of the Convention. Accordingly, in view of the State’s obligation to carry out an effective investigation, the authorities should,...more
Sept. 14, 2020, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Colombia

"In the southwestern municipality of Tumaco, where sexual violence, including by armed groups, is pervasive, women face an array of obstacles in ensuring protection and accountability" (para 42).
Sept. 13, 2020, 9:32 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In June, the government amended the criminal code to define rape as sex without consent, following widespread criticism of a draft bill that had failed to do so" (para 10).
Sept. 11, 2020, 9:58 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Legal gaps and lack of political will continue to mar accountability for sexual violence, especially for victims from minority communities. A statute of limitations of one year on rape and sexual violence allegations prevents many cases from being brought to justice" (para 13). "Despite numerous protests, the government failed to adopt policies to protect and provide justice for women and girls, especially those from minority communities, who faced rape and sexual violence. Instead, numerous cases are mishandled by authorities, including that of a 15-year-old Dalit girl from Mahottari, in southeast Nepal, whose rape and murder at the end on 2018 the police refused to register during 2019" (para 14). "Crimes,...more
Sept. 4, 2020, 5:11 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

“‘Under their influence, a person does not know what he is doing. We had a case of a teenager who turned first-time sexual offender under the influence of liquor served to him by his friends. But sexual abuse cases come occasionally to hospitals as families prefer to be silent on them,’ she says” (para 17-18).
Sept. 2, 2020, 6:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Afghanistan’s attorney general indicted the Afghan Football Federation (AFF) president, Keramudddin Karim, on multiple counts of rape, sexual assault, and harassment of female players dating to 2017. FIFA, football’s global governing body, issued a lifetime ban on Karim, and fined him 1 million Swiss francs (about US$1 million). However, as of October, Karim, a former governor, had not been arrested" (para 13).
Sept. 2, 2020, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"More than 55,000 schools girls in Tanzania have been expelled from school over the last decade as a result of the ban yet Tanzania continues to hold the unenviable reputation of having one of the highest rates of sexual violence in sub-Saharan Africa" (para 3). "This is so much that in December 2017 President John Magufuli pardoned two paedophiles and renewed calls to have pregnant school girls arrested before he later invited the paedophiles to the Tanzania State House. The two had been convicted of sexually assaulting 10 children among them girls, aged between 6 and 8" (para 6). "Many sexual violence cases are settled outside of the country’s justice...more
Aug. 31, 2020, 6:10 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala

"In March 2017, 41 adolescent girls were killed in a fire in the Hogar Seguro government-run shelter. Fifty-six girls had been locked up for the night in a space that could safely hold only 11, without access to water or a restroom, following a protest against the poor living conditions and treatment received in the shelter—including reports of sexual violence stretching back years. After at least six hours in those conditions, one of the girls set a mattress on fire so police officers on guard would let them out—but the police waited nine minutes before opening the door. Three public officials were due to stand trial in February 2019 for...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

“The Northern Territory state government passed new laws fully decrimialising sex work…The landmark Sex Industry Bill 2019 allows the industry to operate within existing laws applicable to other fields… Feminist Legal Clinic principal solicitor Anna Kerr described the proposal as 'abhorrent'. 'This is a rapists' charter, at odds with the criminal law of ¬sexual assault, which rightly provides no recourse or punishment for withdrawal of sexual consent,' Ms Kerr told The Australian…The new bill allows sex workers to withdraw consent without being liable for breach of contract but clients who pay upfront must be reimbursed under contract law. 'Empowering men to sue women who withdraw consent to sexual acts legitimises...more
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

“For the last 16 years we’ve been living in a state of war in the east of our country. It’s a war of aggression with neighbouring countries. There are national armed groups and there are foreign groups who pillage our region…It’s women’s bodies who are used as battlefields in this war...Thousands of women are raped with atrocious violence, children are recruited and young women are detained as sexual slaves by the armed groups” (para 3-5). “There are lots of resolutions that have been adopted by the UN. There are lots of accords that have been signed too. We’ve also now got a UN mission in our country. But what are...more
Aug. 24, 2020, 11:37 a.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"'Most of Lesbians in Angola are through out of their house, when their family found out their sexual orientation. Some prefer not to disclose to their families and drink and use drugs to take their frustration away. Family is for sure one for the main issues. Daily discrimination on the street is a still a reality that many lesbians face, living with the risks of been raped and constantly threaten. As consequences, we pretend not to be lesbians to maintaining the family financial support, choosing only to come out as soon as we get our financial independence' Testimony from Chris" (3).
Aug. 19, 2020, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: Yemen

"Victims of sexual violence in Yemen are highly stigmatized, meaning vast underreporting is likely" (para 26).
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-4

"They also called for a removal of the exemption of penalties for rape of married Muslim girls above the age of 12" (para 20).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:22 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"High profile rape cases during the year, including against a BJP leader, highlighted how women seeking justice face significant barriers, including police refusal to register cases, victim blaming, intimidation and violence, and lack of witness protection. The accused leader was arrested in September after widespread condemnation, including on social media. In April, a sexual harassment complaint against the sitting chief justice of the Supreme Court illustrated similar challenges. Other women who complained against powerful men also became vulnerable to criminal defamation cases" (para. 28-29).
Aug. 13, 2020, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Protests erupted across Japan this year after a string of rape cases resulted in acquittals. Japan’s rape law requires that prosecutors prove that violence or intimidation was involved, or that the victim was 'incapable of resistance.' In one case, a court acquitted a father accused of raping his 19-year-old daughter, although the court recognized that the sex was non-consensual and that he had been physically and sexually abusing the victim since she was younger" (para. 7).
Aug. 13, 2020, 5:50 p.m.
Countries: South Korea

"The #MeToo movement also continued to gain ground in 2019, reaching political elites and entertainment stars. On January 23, Ahn Tae-gun, a former senior prosecutor, was sentenced for two years for sexually harassing Seo Ji-hyun, a junior colleague who publicly accused him in 2018 and helped fuel the nascent #MeToo movement in the country. On February 1, the Seoul High Court sentenced Ahn Hee-jung, a prominent politician in South Chungcheong province who had been considered a possible presidential candidate, to three-and-a-half years in prison for raping his former secretary, Kim Ji-eun" (para. 5).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania

"The criminalization of consensual adult sexual relations outside marriage likely deters girls and women from reporting assaults, because they can find themselves charged if the judiciary views the sexual act in question as consensual" (para 23).
Aug. 11, 2020, 7:11 p.m.
Countries: India

“As for daughters, they are most often considered liabilities, for whom families have to pay substantial wedding dowries, while protecting their chastity becomes a major concern in the face of rampant sexual violence and rape, besides fearing the possibility of voluntary pre-marital sex – all of which are considered as factors that bring ‘shame’ upon the family” (para 9).
Aug. 10, 2020, 4 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2018, the UN Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) expressed concern for persistent patterns of 'generalized' violence against women, including sexual violence. Despite this, Mexican laws do not adequately protect women and girls against domestic and sexual violence. Some provisions, including those that make the severity of punishments for some sexual offenses contingent upon the 'chastity' of the victim, contradict international standards" (para 17).
Aug. 10, 2020, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

“‘In too many cases, however, this only creates an opportunity for offenders to prey upon young, sexually ignorant minors, knowing they can later claim it was consensual to sidestep any legal repercussions.’ A Weibo account run by the Chinese #MeToo activist Zhou Xiaoxuan and her friends published a statement on Wednesday saying minors were much more easily abused in a system that ascribed the power of consent at such a young age, when ‘they have very few ways to protect themselves in the first place.’ ‘Most of the time they don’t know how to retain the evidence and must report the case in the first place,’ it said. ‘Secondly, girls...more
Aug. 8, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Fear of prosecution drives some women and girls to have illegal, unsafe abortions and impedes access to services for survivors of sexual violence" (para 19).
Aug. 2, 2020, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Women are disproportionately impacted as pregnancy serves as evidence of extramarital sex and women who report rape can find themselves prosecuted for consensual sex instead" (para 19).
July 28, 2020, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"While the rates of sexual violence are high, it is widely recognised that there is extensive underreporting of sexual violence. The Australian Centre for the Study on Sexual Assault found that high non-reporting rates make it extremely difficult to estimate the prevalence of sexual assault. There is no single data source in relation to the extent of sexual assault and abus. The criminal justice system remains the primary institution for responding to sexual violence offences, yet it must improve to provide accessto justice for victims/survivors. As such, reforms have been made to sexual assault law and policy to redress some of the shortcomings of the system to improve the situation...more
July 14, 2020, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Police are 'systematically' dropping rape investigations were victims have refused to give officers access to data such as texts, calls, photographs and videos from their mobile phones, a campaign group has today warned. Big Brother Watch says data from Freedom of Information requests shows that in 100 per cent of cases where a rape victim has refused what it calls a 'digital strip search', detectives have dropped the case" (para 1-2). "Big Brother Watch Director Silkie Carlo today warned victims were 'being systematically denied justice if they defend their data rights'" (para 6). "She said: 'Victims of no other crime are expected to surrender their digital lives to such speculation...more
July 12, 2020, 1:11 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Moreover, as in many other countries around the world, sexual violence survivors in Bosnia still deal with additional stigmas in their communities. They also have little legal protection. Following the closure of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in December 2017, the war crimes trials were left to the national courts in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, and Croatia. It all went downhill from there. Rape and sexual assault cases were transferred to lower courts. “There have been cases when the surviving victim was a witness in the city where she survived sexual abuse and where her family members were killed. Witnesses have to meet the perpetrators’ relatives on...more