The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-1

June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"It notes the delays in delivering justice for and the payment of reparations to women who were victims of sexual violence during the internal conflict" (2). "The insufficient capacity of law enforcement officials to investigate and prosecute cases and the resulting high level of impunity for perpetrators of gender-based violence against women, often owing to corruption, the lack of independence of the judiciary or the influence that powerful non-State actors exert on judges, including through assassinations and threats of violence" (4)."Pervasiveness of gender-based violence against women and girls in the State party, including the alarming and increasing rates of femicide, hate crimes against lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex...more
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape is a criminal offense, with punishment that ranges from a minimum of 10 to 25 years in prison and a fine to the death penalty. The penalty for gang rape is death or life imprisonment, but sentences, when they occurred, were often less severe. Although rape was frequent, prosecutions were rare. According to data presented by the Ministry of Interior to the senate in 2014, there had been no rape convictions in the country during previous years. Media reported at least one rape conviction in October, with the accused reportedly receiving a 12-year prison sentence. As in previous years, the government did not effectively enforce the 2006 Women’s Protection...more
June 17, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"As in years past, wealthy rape suspects reportedly avoided prosecution or, if prosecuted, avoided prison. Families of the victim commonly reached an agreement with the perpetrator for monetary compensation.. Female slaves, both women and girls, were routinely subjected to rape by their masters and forced to bear their children. These victims were vulnerable to sharia against extramarital sex that can incur harsh punishments. There were cases in the past where female slaves attempted to prosecute their master" (p. 17).
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee is, however, concerned about...The lack of a legal analysis of the high number of acquittals in sexual violence cases…The absence of a national action plan against sexual and domestic violence that would take into account the specific needs and vulnerabilities of migrant women and women with disabilities" (para 19).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape with penalties of up to 15 years in prison but does not criminalize spousal rape. The government generally enforced the law when individuals reported cases, but there were indications that many victims did not report rape because of cultural and societal factors. During the year police charged 159 individuals with rape or attempted rape. Foreign nationals working as domestic employees occasionally reported that their sponsors or employees of labor recruitment agencies had sexually abused them. According to diplomatic observers, police investigations resulted in few rape convictions" (Pg 13-14).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"'Families often blame the girl if her father or brother raped her,' said Ms Almayouf. 'It would be her own fault. The woman gets the blame most of the time. If you are raped they look for the reason you got raped. But it is taboo to talk about rape'" (para 9). "The guardianship system makes it almost impossible for victims of domestic violence or sexual abuse to seek justice or protection because the police often insist that women and girls obtain their guardian’s authorisation to file complaints even if the complaint concerns the guardian" (para 16).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The most significant human rights issues included... lack of criminal investigations or accountability for cases related to rape, domestic violence, dowry-related deaths, honor killings, sexual harassment; and discrimination against women and girls remained serious problems" (1). "There were continued reports that police raped female and male detainees. The government authorized the NHRC to investigate rape cases involving police officers. By law the NHRC may also request information about cases involving the army and paramilitary forces, but it has no mandate to investigate those cases. NGOs claimed the NHRC underestimated the number of rapes committed in police custody. Some rape victims were unwilling to report crimes due to social stigma and...more
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Large-scale abductions by the group continued. According to nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), between November 2014 and February, Boko Haram abducted more than 500 women and 1,000 children from one local government area in Borno State alone. The group subjected many abducted women and girls to sexual and gender-based violence, including forced marriages and rape" (Pg 2). "Women and girls abducted by Boko Haram were subjected to physical and psychological abuse; forced labor; forced marriage; forced religious conversions; forced participation in military operations; and sexual abuse, including rape" (Pg 17). "Rape remained widespread. According to a study published in February, almost 20 percent of college students surveyed reported at least one incident...more
June 13, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, PRN-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against girls and women--including defilement, rape, marriages of girls under age 18, and prostitution--was a major problem affecting female asylum seekers and refugees in camps and among those residing independently, especially in urban areas. Gender inequality, economic dependence on men, and impunity of perpetrators were among the factors contributing to abuse" (p. 13).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1

"Rape was a widespread problem. It is punishable by 10 to 30 years in prison, depending on the circumstances and age of the victim. Most rape cases went unreported due to victims’ fear or shame. According to the prime minister, surveys in 2010 on gender-based violence showed that at some point in their lives 43.2 percent of women nationwide had experienced physical violence, and 28.3 percent experienced sexual violence" (Pg 16).
June 11, 2019, 12:13 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Of the reported cases, most allegations of rape were closed through private settlement rather than prosecution. Some persons convicted of rape were executed" (52). "Activists expressed concerns that rape was underreported, especially within the ethnic minority community, and that conviction rates were low, according to a South China Morning Post report [in Hong Kong]" (125).
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-DATA-1

"The law defines rape in broad terms and allows for the prosecution of spousal rape. The courts tried numerous cases of rape during the year, and the government generally enforced court sentences providing between five and 45 years’ imprisonment for those convicted. Between January and July, police received reports of 565 rapes. Women’s groups and NGOs believed the actual prevalence of rape was higher, with only a small fraction of cases prosecuted and fewer still resulting in conviction. Factors hampering rape prosecutions included limited police capacity and the withdrawal of allegations by alleged victims after the filing of charges. Many rape cases are heard by traditional authorities rather than in...more
June 11, 2019, 9:13 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-2

"Rape and Domestic Violence: These acts are illegal. In most cases the penalty for rape, including spousal rape, is one to 10 years in prison. When the victim is younger than 14, suffers serious bodily injury, or is the victim of several perpetrators, punishment may be more severe. Imposed sentences were generally lenient, the average being three years" (Pg 24).
June 10, 2019, 8:03 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The PNTL’s Vulnerable Persons Units (VPUs) generally handled cases of domestic violence and sexual crimes, but does not have enough staff to provide a significant presence in all areas of the country" (p. 13).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government did not effectively enforce the law against rape, and violence against women was widespread" (30). "In July the rape and killing of a seven-year-old Syrian child generated public anger. The authorities quickly arrested a suspect who confessed to the crimes, and protestors called for the death penalty. In October the Criminal Court convicted the perpetrator of sexual assault and murder and sentenced him to death" (34).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Simultaneously, in support of awareness-raising, several campaign materials were produced and disseminated on radios and television, namely: spots for campaigns STOP GBV and Say no to abuse and sexual violence against children and adolescents; several booklets and leaflets were produced and distributed, including on GBV in dating; the Guide on Abuse and Sexual Violence against Children and Adolescents was updated and re-edited, as well as the booklet The Shared Secret, a story on the importance of reporting such cases; the 2nd edition of the pocket booklet All you need to know about the GBV Law was printed and dissemina" (9).
June 7, 2019, 11:46 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Violence against women – murder, beating, mutilation, child marriage; giving away girls for dispute resolution (baad) and other harmful practices – remain widespread throughout Afghanistan, notwithstanding the Government’s concrete efforts to criminalise these practices2 and establish measures for accountability" (Pg 5).
June 5, 2019, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government enforced the law effectively" (32).
June 4, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"There were reports of forced elopement, a customary practice whereby men abduct and rape girls or women with the intention of forcing them into marriage; no estimate of its prevalence was available. If a perpetrator’s family was wealthy, the victim’s parents often reached a financial settlement rather than report the incident to police" (p. 14).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"An information campaign about date rape drugs was launched in 2012 and extended in 2014. After the 2015 Act Amending the Penal Code entered into force on 1 January 2016, an information campaign was launched in order to make the amended legislation about sexual violence more widely known. This campaign comprised online information material, a social media series, contributions in daily newspapers and posters" (16).
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Because of the lack of police training in collecting evidence associated with sexual assaults, ignorance of the law, and inherent difficulties victims faced in preserving and presenting evidence in court, judges reduced most sexual offense charges to misdemeanors" (p. 14).
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law prohibits rape, but enforcement was weak due to police ineffectiveness, official corruption, and victims’ unwillingness to report cases due to fear of social stigma and retaliation" (p. 13).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, but if reported, the law was often not enforced effectively by authorities" (p. 11).
June 3, 2019, 11:14 a.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1

"There is a strong anti-violence against women law in Senegal, which was passed in 1999. However, there is a lack of enforcement. Many judges often dismiss acts of VAW as lesser offences, or release offenders without condemning them. There is a recent case of a famous journalist accused of rape; and there are compromising texts that many are using to try and discredit the claim of rape, especially because of the accused’s fame and status. Women’s groups however are demanding a broader understanding of rape as the lack of consent, even if there were intimate relations before. Expanding understandings of rape and consent is important, and impunity is a key...more
June 2, 2019, 7:22 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides protection for rape survivors. Rape trials are not open to the public unless the victim consents. The law permits a charge of rape even if the victim chooses not to press charges" (p. 11).
May 28, 2019, 9:34 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The Committee remains concerned at the high prevalence of violence against women, in particular domestic and sexual violence, in the State party and the lack of statistics disaggregated by age, nationality and relationship between the victim and the perpetrator and of studies on its causes and consequences" (5).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The shortcomings relating to investigations and the judicial handling of cases of violence against women, particularly sexual violence, including premature assessments of evidence and shortcomings in securing crime scenes, owing to discriminatory attitudes and stereotypes" (7-8).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government-in-exile could not enforce the law against rape effectively in country" (34). "There were no reliable rape statistics, principally because of social stigma, fear of familial and societal retaliation, and a legal system largely stacked against survivors, which limited willingness to report the crime. Most rape victims did not report the crime due to fear of shaming the family, incurring violent retaliation by the perpetrator or a family member, or facing prosecution" (35). "Muhamasheen women were particularly vulnerable to rape and other abuse because of the general impunity for attackers due to the women’s low-caste status" (43).
May 24, 2019, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"The government operated a children’s support center to provide special care for children who suffered from violence, including sexual violence" (p. 13).
May 24, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1

"Rape cases tried in court generally resulted in convictions with sentences ranging from three years’ imprisonment to execution" (p. 15).