The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

July 18, 2018, 8:36 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"From January to June, the DSWD provided shelter, counseling, and health services to 66 female victims of rape" (25). "Several cities ran crisis centers for abused women and children" (28).
July 18, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The Ministry of Gender, Children, Social Welfare, and Disabilities conducted public education campaigns to combat domestic violence and rape" (15).
July 17, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"A judge may order a trial closed to the media in the interest of national security, to protect the privacy of the plaintiff in a sexual assault case, or prevent interested parties outside the court from destroying evidence" (6). The opportunity to have a trial not be public may encourage women to report more (AA-CODER COMMENT). "According to NGO reports, many families preferred to settle rape allegations through informal community courts or privately through financial remuneration rather than through the formal judicial system...Increasing numbers of victims sought assistance from human rights organizations, especially in cases that resulted in HIV infection" (14).
July 17, 2018, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Reporting of rape increased, in part due to improved awareness, according to NGOs. For rape cases that were reported, police and the courts were responsive, and the government instituted a fast-track court system for hearing cases of rape, human trafficking, and other violent crimes" (26).
June 28, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"1800RESPECT––national sexual assault, family and domestic violence counselling services––is a free confidential telephone and online counselling, information and referral service to help anyone who has experienced, or is at risk of sexual assault or domestic and family violence" (M).
June 28, 2018, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2, DV-LAW-2

"The Committee expresses deep concern about: . . . (d) The impunity for perpetrators of such violence and the reluctance of girls who are victims of sexual violence to report cases of abuse to the police because of the stigma surrounding it; (e) The insufficient protection, support and rehabilitation services available to women and girls who are victims of violence" (page 7).
June 26, 2018, 8:46 p.m.
Countries: Jamaica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Bureau of Women’s Affairs (BWA) in the Office of the Prime Minister believed the true incidence was significantly higher than these statistics indicated, given the problem of underreporting due to fear of stigma, retribution, or further violence" (11). "The JCF Center for Investigation of Sexual Offenses and Child Abuse (CISOCA) comprised a multidisciplinary team, which included police officers, social workers, and counselors from the Victim Support Unit, that handled sex crimes and offered integrated services, including providing legal information. CISOCA officers received tailored training on sexual offense investigations" (11).
June 26, 2018, 8:45 p.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

""The law prohibits sexual harassment, but women who experienced it remained reluctant to approach police or other institutions because of lack of confidence that authorities would respond and because of the perceived stigma associated with making such matters public" (13). The stigma surrounding reporting sexual harassment would logically also be associated with reporting domestic violence and rape as well (AA-CODER COMMENT).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Violence has significant impacts on the physical and mental health of women. The health system includes activity to prevent, identify and treat family and sexual violence, which women experience at disproportionately higher rates than men. The Health Promotion Agency undertakes health promotion activities that seek to address risk and protective factors for violence, including information and campaigns around alcohol (a risk factor) and improving mental well-being (a protective factor). Women 16 years and over are universally screened for family violence in the following DHB community and hospital services: mental health, alcohol and other drug, paediatrics, maternity, sexual health and emergency departments. Children under 16 years are screened in child health...more
June 25, 2018, 8:56 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government operated 63 justice centers and 53 Thuthuzela Care Centers (TCCs) that provided legal assistance to victims of gender-based violence to expedite legal processes, reduce caseloads, and alleviate overcrowding in prisons, but serious delays continued" (14-15). "In most cases attackers were acquaintances or family members of the victim, which contributed to a reluctance to press charges, as did a poor security climate and societal attitudes" (31). "The Department of Justice operated 36 dedicated sexual-offense courts throughout the country. Sexual-offense courts included facilities such as private waiting rooms, court preparation rooms, and closed-circuit television rooms for victims, all in an attempt to provide additional privacy and prevent secondary victimization. Although...more
June 21, 2018, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned about the persistence of multiple barriers impeding women and girls from obtaining access to justice and effective remedies for violations of their rights, in particular for rural women, indigenous women, women belonging to ethnic and religious minority groups, and women with disabilities. Such barriers include: (a) Social and cultural stigma, which deter women and girls from registering their complaints, in particular with regard to sexual and gender-based violence; (b) Limited legal literacy and access to information on remedies that are available; (c) Lack of gender sensitivity in the justice system, including negative attitudes of law enforcement officials towards women denouncing violations of their rights, leading to...more
June 12, 2018, 7:20 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Consequently, most violence against women goes unreported, with victims fearing further victimization at the hands of the police" (para 5). "Police often refuse to register rape complaints by women, particularly if the complaint implicates an officer" (para 7).
June 10, 2018, 8:24 a.m.
Countries: Peru
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"During the Miss Peru pageant last year, a contestant, Alessandra Bonelli, said on television that her personal trainer had sedated and raped her in 2015. Ms. Bonelli reported the attack but said in a recent interview that investigators “made me feel guilty for what happened.” She said she had voluntarily accepted a glass of whiskey that, without her knowledge, contained a muscle relaxant. Making matters worse, it took two years to complete a DNA test on her underwear, according to documents filed in the case. The tests showed that the semen on the garment was almost undoubtedly the trainer’s and the case is now pending. 'Most people here don’t even...more
June 9, 2018, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"[The Committee] is also concerned about underreporting by victims, owing to, among other things, law enforcement and medical staff illegally charging victims for reporting forms, especially in the case of disadvantaged groups of women and women in informal settlements, and the low prosecution rate in cases of gender-based violence against women" (6)
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is furthermore concerned about: . . . (b) The pervasive underreporting of gender-based violence against refugee women, including sexual violence, and the limited availability of specialized services" (page 3). " . . . protection orders are rarely implemented and are insufficiently monitored, with such failure often resulting in prolonged gender-based violence against women or the killing of the women concerned; . . . violence is considerably underreported owing to stigmatization, fear of reprisals, economic dependence on the perpetrator, legal illiteracy, language barriers and/or lack of trust in the law enforcement authorities; . . . inadequate assistance and remedies are offered to women seeking to escape violent relationships, reflected,...more
June 7, 2018, 5:24 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Many victims did not report the crime for fear of social stigmatization..." (9). "The law provides protection for rape survivors. Rape trials are not open to the public unless the victim consents. The law permits a charge of rape even if the victim chooses not to press charges" (10). All of these legal provisions may make it more likely that a rape victim will report, however, its effectiveness as compared to the influence of social stigma has not be reported (AA-CODER COMMENT) "The law requires all cities and counties to establish violence prevention and control centers to address domestic and sexual violence, child abuse, and elder abuse. These centers provided...more
June 6, 2018, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Due to stigma, fear of retribution, and limited trust in authorities, this figure was likely underreported" (15). "Widespread sexual violence was also committed by police and the unresponsiveness of authorities to complaints of sexual or intimate-partner violence deterred reporting of such crimes" (15).
June 5, 2018, 6:03 p.m.
Countries: Greece
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"In December the General Secretariat for Gender Equality (GSGE) reported that its hotline for female victims of violence received more than 18,000 calls from March 2011 to December 2014. The government and NGOs made medical, psychological, social, and legal support available to rape survivors. EKKA operated a hotline that provided referrals and psychological counseling for individuals in need of help. The government operated 21 shelters for victims of violence and 25 counseling and support services centers. The GSGE also oversaw 15 separate centers in each governing region" (20).
June 3, 2018, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"According to NGOs many women did not report rape or other violence, especially when committed by spouses, due to social stigma and the lack of government support," (52).
June 1, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government and NGOs provided shelters, counseling, and hotlines for rape victims" (15). "According to an inquiry conducted in 2013 by the Ministry for Social Affairs, Health, and Women’s rights, 83,000 women were victims of rape or attempted rape each year. An estimated 11 percent of them reported the crime. On August 11, the daily Le Figaro published figures showing that the number of reported rapes in France increased by 18 percent from 2010 to 2014, while rape allegations involving children rose by more than 20 percent in the same period. Crimes against women who belong to an ethnic minority were generally underreported as they were less likely to file...more
May 31, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Help seeking: More than half of women (54%) who have experienced physical or sexual violence have sought help. While most women seek help from their families, 9% have sought help from the police" (page 367). "More than half of women (54%) who have experienced physical or sexual violence from anyone have sought help from someone. One third of women (34%) have never sought help or told anyone (Table 17.17). Trends: Among women who have ever experienced physical or sexual violence, the percentage of women who sought help has increased by almost 20% since 2010. Women who have experienced both physical and sexual violence are more likely to seek help (64%)...more
May 29, 2018, 7:52 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Violence against women, including rape and domestic abuse, remained a serious problem but was underreported. Among the reasons cited for the failure to report abuse were pressure from male relatives, fear of reprisals, feelings of shame, and cultural taboos on discussion of such matters" (9). "As part of the police curriculum, officers received specialized training on how to work with rape victims. Police have a Sexual Assault Unit, staffed mostly by female officers, to combat the problem" (9).
May 29, 2018, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The preferred and widely used policy for resolving disputes continues to be the “Harmonious Village Policy” or “No Case Village Policy,” which discouraged villages from referring cases to the formal justice system and provided incentives to village leaders who could resolve legal disputes within Village Mediation Units. Village Mediation Units are an outgrowth of traditional village mediation. TheMinistry of Justice established them as a semiformal mechanism for resolving disputes and providing compensation in civil and criminal cases. Although Village Mediation Units officially do not accept criminal cases, these units frequently handle minor criminal matters including domestic violence cases and other sensitive cases such as family law and divorce where disputants...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is deeply concerned that…the limited access of women and girls to victim assistance and protection, including lack of shelters" (7). "Violence against women is underreported owing to lack of trust in the judges, prosecutors, and police officers, and that mediation and conciliation is excessively resorted to in cases of violence against women" (7).
May 4, 2018, 5:22 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Six in 10 women said it was a common attitude on their campuses that if a woman is sexually assaulted while drunk she is ‘at least somewhat responsible.’ Nearly 6 in 10 women also said it was commonly believed that when women go to parties wearing revealing clothes, they are ‘asking for trouble.’...When posed a hypothetical situation in which they hear that a man is accused of sexually assaulting a woman on campus, about two-thirds of those polled said they generally believe the man is more to blame. About 3 in 10 said both people share blame. Almost none said the woman is more to blame" (pp 47, 49)more
May 4, 2018, 5:21 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"More than 4 in 10 women said it is very or somewhat likely that a woman will be criticized by other students if she reports an assault" (pp 43)
May 4, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Three-fourths of all victims said they told someone about the incident — but only 11 percent told police or college authorities. This finding echoes what experts have long said: Sexual assault is a vastly underreported crime" (pp 42)
May 4, 2018, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Like most who said they had been assaulted, the woman did not report the incident to university officials or police. She said she worried about whether she would ruin the man’s future and wondered what to make of what had happened: Had there been a misunderstanding? Should she have been more vehement in saying no? She remembers clearly crying during the attack. She knew it was rape. But how would others see it?" (pp 16)
April 26, 2018, 3:28 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs remained concerned the country’s narrow definition of rape led to underestimating the magnitude of the problem" (10). "The government had programs to prevent rape and domestic violence and to counsel victims. Public and private organizations operated 45 government-funded shelters and managed five 24-hour crisis hotlines. The Oslo Crisis Center noted consolidatingshelters meant that many women were less likely or unable to seek help, since they would have to travel long distances to do so, especially in the sparsely populated districts in the north of the country. The shelters provided support and counseling for victims and helped them gain access to social services, doctors, lawyers, and housing authorities. Survivors of...more
April 25, 2018, 3:38 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs remained concerned the country’s narrow definition of rape led to underestimating the magnitude of the problem" (10). "The government had programs to prevent rape and domestic violence and to counsel victims. Public and private organizations operated 45 government-funded shelters and managed five 24-hour crisis hotlines. The Oslo Crisis Center noted consolidatingshelters meant that many women were less likely or unable to seek help, since they would have to travel long distances to do so, especially in the sparsely populated districts in the north of the country. The shelters provided support and counseling for victims and helped them gain access to social services, doctors, lawyers, and housing authorities. Survivors of...more