The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The underreporting of gender-based violence to the police and the low prosecution and conviction rates, resulting in impunity for the perpetrators" (Pg 9). "The insufficient number of shelters available to provide specific support services for victims and the limited time frame during which victims can avail themselves of these services; the disparities between cantons in terms of funding and regulating shelters, and the lack of support to non-governmental organizations providing assistance to victims; and the lack of support available when women leave the shelters in terms of covering daily living expenses, childcare and so forth" (Pg 9).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The low rate of reporting of cases of gender-based violence against women owing to women’s limited access to legal aid services, especially in rural and remote areas, as well as the absence of hotline services for women who are victims of such violence" (Pg 6). "The insufficient number of shelters for women who are victims of gender-based violence and the restrictive criteria for admission to such shelters, as well as the lack of medical and psychological rehabilitation services for women" (Pg 6).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso

"Note should also be made of the following activities: 1) Legal and social counselling centres, which in 2012 referred 83 women victims of violence to the Bobo-Dioulasso court of major jurisdiction; 2) Legal assistance and support for 60 women victims of violence, under the Joint Programme to Combat Violence against Women and Girls (PC/VEFF), 2008-2010, in three pilot regions (Hauts Bassins, Sahel and Centre); 3) Creation by the Ministry for the Advancement of Women and Gender Equality of a care service and toll-free helpline for gender-based violence victims, staffed with police officers who provide victim support" (16).
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee is gravely concerned at the State party’s restrictive interpretation of sharia law and at the adverse impact on women’s human rights of the recently adopted Sharia Penal Code Order 2013, which, under its third phase of implementation, will impose the death penalty by stoning for several 'crimes', in particular adultery and extramarital relations ( zina). While noting that the same penalties apply to women and men, the Committee is seriously concerned that women are disproportionately affected by punishment for 'crimes' involving sex, and are at a higher risk of being convicted of adultery and extramarital relations, owing to discriminatory investigative policies and provisions on the weighing of evidence. ...more
April 4, 2018, 11:54 p.m.
Countries: Portugal
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

". . . The Committee is also concerned about the lack of crisis centres and emergency services for victims of rape, as well as the absence of standard protocols for hospital staff and police officers on gender-sensitive ways to deal with victims of rape. . . . The Committee recommends that the State party: . . . (b) Establish crisis centres and emergency services for victims of rape and raise the awareness of hospital staff and police officers about the assistance required in such cases, as well as establish standard protocols dealing with victims of rape" (page 6).
April 4, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: East Timor
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The limited medical, psychological and legal assistance provided to women who are victims of violence and the lack of adequate shelters" (6). This lack of support could serve as a taboo against reporting incidences (CODER COMMENT-BCT). "The Committee is, however, concerned that survivors of that sexual violence continue to experience social stigma and ostracism, resulting in feelings of shame, and have limited access to medical, psychological, reproductive and mental health services or treatment" (7). Fear of social stigma and ostracism would be a serious barrier to reporting incidences of rape and sexual assault (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar

"The Committee is concerned: (a) That there is no legislation specifically criminalizing violence against women, in particular child and/or forced marriage and marital rape, and that there is no comprehensive policy framework to address such violence; (b) That gender-based violence against women in the domestic sphere is not considered by courts in child custody or visitation decisions, thus forcing women to continue to face their abusers, and risking further exposing their children to violence; (c) That domestic and sexual violence appear to be socially legitimized and accompanied by a culture of silence and impunity; (d) That cases of violence against women continue to be underreported, owing to an apparent lack ...more
April 2, 2018, 8:19 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee recommends that the State party...Ensure that cases of violence against women, including domestic violence, are under no circumstances referred to any alternative dispute resolution procedures" (6). "the Committee is nevertheless concerned about...(f)The lack of sufficient forensic medical personnel to examine women who are victims of violence; (g) The insufficient support for victims of violence, including legal assistance, medical treatment, psychological counselling services and shelters" (6).
March 30, 2018, 5:08 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to improve its institutional and policy framework aimed at accelerating the elimination of discrimination against women and promoting gender equality, such as the adoption or establishment of the following: ...(c) Criminal Court “E” in Montserrado County mandated to hear cases of rape and other forms of sexual violence; (d) Sexual and gender-based violence crimes unit within the prosecution system" (2). "The inadequate number of shelters and the inaccessibility of existing shelters for most women and girls in most counties" (8).
March 21, 2018, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: Namibia

"The Committee notes the State party’s legislative and policy measures to combat violence against women, such as the enforcement of the Combating of Domestic Violence Act (No. 4 of 2003) and the adoption of the National Plan of Action on Gender-based Violence (2012-2016). The Committee is concerned, however, at the high prevalence of violence against women and girls, such as rape and murder, committed by intimate partners. The Committee is also concerned at the low rate of prosecution of perpetrators of violence against women and the frequent withdrawal of cases by women who are victims of violence. It is further concerned that, notwithstanding the State party’s efforts to establish shelters ...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia

"The Committee notes the adoption in 2013 of the Domestic Violence Act and the Sexual Offences Act, but is concerned that violence against women remains widespread. It is particularly concerned about: (a) The lack of criminalization of marital rape and the unclear provisions in the Domestic Violence Act relating to the definition of “aggravated” domestic violence and allowing for out-of-court settlements, which often do not take into account women’s best interests; (b) The insufficient implementation of the Domestic Violence Act and the Sexual Offences Act owing, for example, to a lack of resources and the absence of regulations, guidelines and effective reporting mechanisms; (c) The lack of support for women ...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran

"Child brides who seek family or legal protections from sexual abuse by husbands—often much older than themselves—seldom see redress of their circumstances, and often wind up being treated harshly by the courts," (3).
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The lack of adequate protection measures for women victims of genderbased violence, including sexual violence, as well as for witnesses and their families and communities, and the lack of an effective specific system of protection for Afro-Colombian and indigenous women victims of violence" (Pg 5).
March 16, 2018, 8:51 a.m.
Countries: Turkey

"The Family and Social Policies Ministry, which oversees women’s issues, counts 143 shelters with total capacity for 3,444 women and children, underserving a country with a population of 80 million people" (para 9). "lawyer Canan Arin said courts have reduced the period for restraining orders, the pact’s key introduction, to one month from six, forcing women to continuously renew them" (para 10). "Measures to reduce violence against women include training police and opening centers to provide legal and medical support to victims" (para 20).
March 15, 2018, 9:31 a.m.
Countries: Paraguay

"In addition, the law creates a standardized system to collect data on gender-based violence and provides support for survivors, including free legal assistance, skills training, and access to shelters" (para 1).
March 14, 2018, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Senegal

"The Committee welcomes the establishment, in the framework of the justice sector programme, of justice houses, information offices and counselling centres, but remains concerned about: (a) Persisting barriers faced by women in effectively gaining access to justice, including legal illiteracy, stigmatization of victims, stigmatization of women fighting for their rights, fear of reprisals, difficulties in gaining access to justice infrastructure, difficulties in producing evidence and the limited number of female police officers, especially in rural and peri-urban areas; (b) The limited protection offered by the free legal aid system for women without sufficient means; (c) The lack of cases in which discrimination has been invoked, showing the limited efficiency of ...more
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1

"While noting the efforts to enact the bill on sexual offences and domestic violence, which was passed by Parliament and the Senate, the Committee is deeply concerned that the bill lapsed because it did not receive royal assent. The Committee is also concerned that, according to the National Surveillance System on Violence, Abuse and Exploitation, the prevalence of violence against women and girls is high, as is the rate of abduction of young girls, often perpetrated by persons known to the victims. The Committee is also concerned at the low level of reporting of violence against women, owing to a culture of silence and impunity, and at the lack of ...more
March 13, 2018, 10:57 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Government is currently establishing a new web portal on domestic violence and rape for persons exposed to such violence and for the health and social services. The web portal, which will be run by NKVTS, the Norwegian Women’s Public Health Association and other voluntary organizations, is to provide easy access to information about rights and assistance" (9).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Law on Protection from Abuse was promulgated by Royal Decree No. M/52 of 15/11/1434 A.H. (20/09/2013). It is a key part of the national framework for combating various forms of abuse that may be encountered by groups in society. The law is intended to: guarentee protection from abuse of various types; provide assistance and treatment; provide shelter and social, psychological and health care; provide for the adoption of the necessary legal measures to hold accountable and punish perpetrators of abuse; and spread awareness in society of the concept and effects of abuse" (8-9). “Royal Order No. 8382 of 28/10/1429 A.H. (28/10/2008) approving recommendations concerning women’s rights, particularly…(2) Creation of ...more
March 8, 2018, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"There are fewer than 10 shelters in all of Morocco, according to Human Rights Watch, and few receive any government funding" (para 25).
March 7, 2018, 9:50 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The PGR has complaint mechanisms for violence against women, such as Attention PGR (24 hours, 365 days across the country); the new PGR Management Model for the penal accusatory process and the Immediate Care Units. The CONAVIM coordinates the Follow-Up Mechanisms for Cases of Sexual Torture Committed Against Women (appendix 15), installed in 2015" (page 8). "To prevent and attend to violence, the Women's Justice Centers (CJM) were consolidated; they offer complete services: legal counsel, judicial attention and accompaniment, medical and psychological aid, economic and social empowerment, special attention to girls and boys, and direction to shelter homes, hostels and refuges. Between 2013 and 2016 the number increased from 7 ...more
March 7, 2018, 6:52 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The M/WA has implemented the following programmes in line with the Prevention of Domestic Violence Action Plan- 1) infrastructure support services were provided 2) health service providers and law enforcement officers were trained on the DV Act. 3) a shelter was established for victims of Gender Based Violence. The shelter was setup in 2012 and has provided services for nearly 50 women. The Ministry has also allocated funds to put up shelters in the North and East 4) 12 counselling centres in selected districts were established. Counselling services have been extended to grass roots level enabling affected women to access services effectively" (11). "Women and Children’s Police Desks have been ...more
March 7, 2018, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: China
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government bans gender discrimination but does not define what it is. Those who complain risk getting punished. As a result, women who have been sexually harassed rarely file police reports" (para 7).
March 5, 2018, 8:53 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In addition, through intersectoral articulation between the judiciary, the Costa Rican Social Security Fund (CCSS) and the Ministry of Public Security, a specialized service model was constructed for women victims of sexual violence. Its objective is to provide immediate and appropriate care to women who have suffered sexual assault...Temporary Care and Shelter Centres for Women (CEEAM) in situations of risk of death and their children, managed and financed by the State, seek alternatives to guarantee such women effective protection" (12).
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Government repealed Section 38 of the Sexual Offences Act under which women face the risk of being victimized for initiating prosecutions against their abusers as of June 2012. Victims of sexual offences whom majority happen to be women are now able to report cases of sexual violence without fear of criminal sanctions" (9). GBV Hotline 1195 and referral mechanism — toll free line that offers response to GBV victims: This National Domestic Toll Free Short Code was allocated to Health-care Assistance Kenya by Communication Authority of Kenya and launched on 21st February 2013. The Toll free helpline 1195 enhances support for survivors of rape, defilement, FGM and physical assault" ...more
Feb. 16, 2018, 9:12 a.m.
Countries: Oman

"The Committee is concerned that women and girls who are victims of sexual abuse risk facing criminal proceedings if they press charges, since the reporting of rape, if not proved, can be considered a confession of sexual relations outside of marriage (zina), which is criminalized under articles 225 and 226 of the Penal Code" (8).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"[non-governmental women's institutions] provide a range of services, in particular for women victims of violence, including hotlines and safe houses" (7). "Lastly, in 2013, the Cabinet approved the National Referral System for Women Victims of Violence ('Takamul'). That document sets forth principles that, taken as a whole, form the basis for a kind of national contract that clarifies the rights and obligations governing the relationship between providers of medical, social and police services on the one hand, and women victims of violence on the other" (9). "The Ministry of Social Development also meets with women victims of violence, provides them with social, legal and psychological counselling services free of charge ...more
Feb. 13, 2018, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Bolivia

"Brisa de Angulo was raped repeatedly as a teenager by an adult member of her own family. When she finally mastered the courage to seek help and report the sexual assault, she said her family tried to silence her. 'I was intimidated and blamed by the authorities, my community, and my extended family,' she recalled. 'My extended family tried to silence me in order to maintain the prestige of the family and to prevent other instances of incestuous sexual violence from coming to light,' she told Al Jazeera" (para 1-2). "'During my pursuit of justice, my house was stoned and set on fire twice. My life was threatened many times ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Since 2010 the Government has intensified work to prevent and combat rape and other sexual abuse by for instance increasing support for crime victims and by improving and increasing the effectiveness of the handling of rape cases by the justice system" (page 19-20). "In 2013 the former National Board for Youth Affairs was commissioned to carry out a survey of work by voluntary associations to prevent sexual abuse and violations in the activities of voluntary associations. Based on that survey the Board is to highlight good examples of different ways of working and methods and spread this information in existing networks for government agencies and among civil society organisations. A ...more
Feb. 2, 2018, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government partially funded women’s shelters, psychosocial services, rape crisis centers, sexual abuse counseling, family-violence victim support networks, and violence prevention services" (8). "The HRC published fact sheets on sexual harassment and made sexual harassment prevention training available to schools, businesses, and government departments on a regular basis" (8). Working on sexual harassment prevention has hopefully a trickle-down affect on also preventing sexual assault; this is evidence of the government working to fight against any taboos against reporting such things (AA-CODER COMMENT).