The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1

"The law criminalizes rape, although the legal definition of rape covers only forced penetration of sexual organs, and filing a case requires corroboration and a witness" (para 144)
Oct. 5, 2018, 5:56 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"While acknowledging the State party’s efforts to respect its obligations under the Convention, the Committee is concerned at the exacerbation of violence against women in certain areas in the regions of Donetsk and Luhansk, as well as in the temporarily occupied Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, since the conflict broke out.1 It is concerned that, notwithstanding the underreporting of cases of sexual violence as a result of stigma and fear of reprisals, among other reasons, there is evidence of many cases of sexual violence in the conflict-affected areas" (Pg 5). "That there is a lack of measures to provide timely and comprehensive assistance to survivors of...more
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:31 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Rape continued to be underreported due to fear of stigma, retribution, and further violence" (para 100)
Oct. 2, 2018, 11:18 a.m.
Countries: Bolivia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Brisa de Angulo was raped repeatedly as a teenager by an adult member of her own family. When she finally mastered the courage to seek help and report the sexual assault, she said her family tried to silence her. 'I was intimidated and blamed by the authorities, my community, and my extended family,' she recalled. 'My extended family tried to silence me in order to maintain the prestige of the family and to prevent other instances of incestuous sexual violence from coming to light, she told Al Jazeera" (para 1-2). "Currently, the Justice Minister Virginia Velasco and the Magistrate Council are introducing a new method for fighting violence against women:...more
Sept. 24, 2018, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Due to social stigma and societal and often familial retribution against both the victim and perpetrator, victims of sexual crimes did not usually report it to authorities or pursue legal remedies. International organizations reported that family-imposed movement restrictions, cultural norms, or stigmatization prohibited or discouraged female victims of sexual crimes from accessing psychosocial support services. Local NGOs in IDP camps in the IKR reported that some Ministry of Health professionals were unwilling to treat sexual assault survivors due to cultural norms, and if they did give care, it was inadequate due to capacity limitations in the health-care sector" (para 234). "In the IKR, three labor ministry-operated women’s shelters provided some...more
Sept. 21, 2018, 6:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The women I spoke with reported feeling too ashamed to confide in their doctors. Often they are treated for emergency medical services in makeshift tents, without privacy or confidentiality to report rape" (para 4).
Sept. 21, 2018, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The women I spoke with reported feeling too ashamed to confide in their doctors. Often they are treated for emergency medical services in makeshift tents, without privacy or confidentiality to report rape" (para 4).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The National Committee for Human Rights has worked to establish the unit to receive complaints, including women’s complaints in general and the complaints of domestic workers who are subjected to violence. The unit sees to it that justice is done for women and ensures the rehabilitation of women, including foreign workers" (Pg 14).
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:45 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Women and girls abused by members of the security forces and vigilante groups... told Human Rights Watch they feel powerless and fear retaliation if they report the abuse. A 17-year-old girl said that just over a year after she fled the frequent Boko Haram attacks in Dikwa, a town 56 miles west of Maiduguri, a policeman approached her for “friendship” in the camp, and then he raped her. 'One day he demanded to have sex with me,' she said. 'I refused but he forced me. It happened just that one time, but soon I realized I was pregnant. When I informed him about my condition, he threatened to shoot and...more
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In recent years, in gang rapes, the rapists have been filming the act, and have later been threatening the victim with dissemination of the video if he or she dares to report the crime. As there is no specific law to force websites to take down videos, and there is a lack of political will, victims are usually silenced, bowing to the demands of the rapists" (para 2). "Gang rape victims, such as the Kasoor gang rape victims, find themselves isolated and hapless; they are treated like outcasts despite being victims of the worst form of abuse" (para 4). "Three men raped her and filmed the crime. The victim is...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs believed most cases remained unreported due to fear of reprisals, losing custody of children, lack of economic independence, insensitivity of police in dealing with victims, absence of regulation in media concerning victims’ privacy, the stigma of being a victim, and low conviction rates" (18). "To streamline the process of reporting abuse against women and children, there were family and children’s centers on every atoll. According to the HRCM, these centers also provided services for neglected children, support for families unable to take of their children, and women with mental illness or disabilities. The Ministry of Law and Gender reported the need to establish residential facilities at family and children’s...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:01 a.m.
Countries: Romania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The publicity surrounding the November 2014 gang rape of a teenager in a rural area revealed a widespread social bias and tendency to stigmatize the victims of rape. As a result a group of NGOs raised the need for better protection for rape victims as well as for the government to provide free, immediate psychological counseling and legal assistance to survivors" (24).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In May, according to the Ministry of the Interior, seven regions and 97 city governments agreed to collaborate in the fight against gender-based violence. Deputy Interior Minister Francisco Martinez, speaking at a signing ceremony in the region of Extremadura, said the initiative sought to help women feel protected by police throughout the country. Local government work would fold into VioGen, a national initiative designed to coordinate local- and national-level efforts to fight gender-based violence and support victims of it" (11-12). The government appears to be working on eliminating potential barriers to reporting for women in cases of gender-based violence. It is yet to be seen how this works in implementation...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:38 a.m.
Countries: Nicaragua
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Many women were reluctant to report abuse due to enforced medical examinations for survivors of rape and other sexual crimes, social stigma, fear of retribution, impunity for perpetrators, and loss of economic security" (20).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In addition, through intersectoral articulation between the judiciary, the Costa Rican Social Security Fund (CCSS) and the Ministry of Public Security, a specialized service model was constructed for women victims of sexual violence. Its objective is to provide immediate and appropriate care to women who have suffered sexual assault...Temporary Care and Shelter Centres for Women (CEEAM) in situations of risk of death and their children, managed and financed by the State, seek alternatives to guarantee such women effective protection" (12).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:15 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"[Delhi Police] formed a squad of plainclothes officers called 'police mitras' (friends of the police) — comprising farmers, homemakers and former Army men — to assist them in the prevention and detection of crime and maintenance of law and order. In another scheme, police chiefs launched their own version of 'Charlie’s Angels' — a specially trained squad of crime-fighting, butt-kicking constables in white kimonos who take on sexual predators across the country. The 40-member women’s squad trained in martial arts guards “vulnerable” landmarks in the city such as schools and metro stations, while undercover as regular citizens" (para 1-2). These initiatives by police are fighting against not only sexual crimes,...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government partially funded women’s shelters, psychosocial services, rape crisis centers, sexual abuse counseling, family-violence victim support networks, and violence prevention services" (8). "The HRC published fact sheets on sexual harassment and made sexual harassment prevention training available to schools, businesses, and government departments on a regular basis" (8). Working on sexual harassment prevention has hopefully a trickle-down affect on also preventing sexual assault; this is evidence of the government working to fight against any taboos against reporting such things (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:02 a.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs remained concerned the country’s narrow definition of rape led to underestimating the magnitude of the problem" (10). "The government had programs to prevent rape and domestic violence and to counsel victims. Public and private organizations operated 45 government-funded shelters and managed five 24-hour crisis hotlines. The Oslo Crisis Center noted consolidatingshelters meant that many women were less likely or unable to seek help, since they would have to travel long distances to do so, especially in the sparsely populated districts in the north of the country. The shelters provided support and counseling for victims and helped them gain access to social services, doctors, lawyers, and housing authorities. Survivors of...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:01 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Consequently, most violence against women goes unreported, with victims fearing further victimization at the hands of the police" (para 5). "Police often refuse to register rape complaints by women, particularly if the complaint implicates an officer" (para 7).
Sept. 5, 2018, 10 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"From January to June, the DSWD provided shelter, counseling, and health services to 66 female victims of rape" (25). "Several cities ran crisis centers for abused women and children" (28).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Many victims did not report the crime for fear of social stigmatization..." (9). "The law provides protection for rape survivors. Rape trials are not open to the public unless the victim consents. The law permits a charge of rape even if the victim chooses not to press charges" (10). All of these legal provisions may make it more likely that a rape victim will report, however, its effectiveness as compared to the influence of social stigma has not be reported (AA-CODER COMMENT) "The law requires all cities and counties to establish violence prevention and control centers to address domestic and sexual violence, child abuse, and elder abuse. These centers provided...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:59 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law stipulates a woman wishing to report a rape must do so at a police station before seeking medical help. Only after obtaining a release form from police may she be admitted to a hospital. This process contributed to medical complications, incomplete forensic evidence, and failure to report rapes. Victims often feared that cases reported to police would be made public" (20). "Cultural, family, and social pressures often prevented women from reporting abuse, including rape and domestic violence, and authorities rarely prosecuted persons who abused women. Persons close to the victims, such as relatives and friends, were most likely to be the perpetrators. Many who appeared in court were...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee remains concerned about the persistence of multiple barriers impeding women and girls from obtaining access to justice and effective remedies for violations of their rights, in particular for rural women, indigenous women, women belonging to ethnic and religious minority groups, and women with disabilities. Such barriers include: (a) Social and cultural stigma, which deter women and girls from registering their complaints, in particular with regard to sexual and gender-based violence; (b) Limited legal literacy and access to information on remedies that are available; (c) Lack of gender sensitivity in the justice system, including negative attitudes of law enforcement officials towards women denouncing violations of their rights, leading to...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:55 a.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) reported that many incidents of rape and other sexual crimes were unreported, partly due to perceived insensitivity of police, exacerbated by a wide cultural acceptance of gender-based violence...Police channeled resources to its Victim and Witness Support Unit in an effort to overcome the public perception of insensitivity...The Domestic Violence Unit and the Rape Crisis Society, two NGOs that received funding from the government, operated a 24-hour hotline for victims of domestic violence. Hotline operators referred callers to NGO-run shelters for female survivors, a rape crisis center, counseling services, support groups, and other assistance providers" (13).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Additionally, female victims of rape or other sexual crimes faced the possibility of prosecution for consensual sex instead of receiving assistance from authorities" (21).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:45 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"La Strada operated a national hotline for victims of violence and sexual harassment. Through September, 683 individuals called the hotline for assistance related to domestic or sexual violence, accounting for 42 percent of all calls...The NGO reported that expanded public awareness campaigns increased the number of requests for assistance it received each year" (39).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The law also provides for injunctive relief, personal protection orders, and protective exclusion orders (similar to restraining orders) for female victims of violence...The government provided shelters, counseling, and other assistance for survivors of rape or violence in the UK and Northern Ireland. It offered free legal aid to battered women who were economically dependent on their abusers" (15).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Vanuatu
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Police reported an increase in the number of cases of violence against women, but most cases, including rape, went unreported because women, particularly in rural areas, were ignorant of their rights or feared further abuse" (10).
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:43 a.m.
Countries: Venezuela
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Cases often were not reported to police due to fear of social stigma and retribution, particularly in light of widespread impunity...Women faced substantial institutional and societal prejudice with respect to reporting rape and domestic violence" (30).
Sept. 4, 2018, 11:28 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The adult rape clinics in public hospitals in Harare and Mutare were run as NGOs and did not receive a substantial amount of financial support from the Ministry of Health. The clinics received referrals from police and NGOs. They administered HIV tests, provided medication for HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, and provided medical services for pregnancy. Although police referred the majority of reported rapes of women and men who received services from the rape centers for prosecution, very few were prosecuted. Private clinics and clinics supported by NGOs and bilateral and multilateral development partners emerged in the past few years to provide medical assistance to survivors of rape. There...more