The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Gender-based violence against women is largely underreported because of the victims’ fear of stigma, retaliation and women’s economic dependence on the perpetrator, as well as their lack of awareness of their rights and how to claim them" (6)."There is a lack of information on long-term shelters and relocation schemes for victims of gender-based violence, and the Isange One Stop Centres are being established at the district level only, which compels many victims to travel long distances to reach them;" (6).
March 30, 2020, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Along with Norway, Sweden and Finland, rape complainants have access to free legal representation" (para 29).
March 30, 2020, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Along with Norway, Sweden and Finland, rape complainants have access to free legal representation" (para 29).
March 30, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Along with Norway, Sweden and Finland, rape complainants have access to free legal representation" (para 29).
March 30, 2020, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The National Danish Police have told BBC News that they are striving to improve how they deal with people reporting rape, and that they are working to new guidelines that were drawn up in 2016" (para 8). "In some respects, Denmark is ahead of other countries on the continent. Along with Norway, Sweden and Finland, rape complainants have access to free legal representation" (para 29). "They add that many of the services set up to support people who have experienced violence - such as rape clinics and counselling - are either explicitly or implicitly promoted towards cisgender women" (para 33). "In response, the Danish National Police say they are committed...more
March 25, 2020, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Women who allege harassment have been targeted by defamation suits in the past" (para 11). "On paper, India has robust laws against sexual harassment in the workplace. Legislation passed in 2013 mandates that every company with more than 10 employees must have an internal complaints committee — headed by a female employee and including an external member — to address such allegations" (para 13). "If an internal committee finds an allegation to be true, it can demand an apology for the victim, impose a fine or even fire the accused. But in practice, such committees don’t often function as they were intended" (para 14).
Jan. 22, 2020, 11:18 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Hundreds of women have spoken out about sexual harassment and abuse in Namibia, sparking what activists on Friday said was one of Africa's first major #MeToo movements. In the past fortnight more than 200 cases of sexual violence have been reported to the Namibian Women's Lawyers Association (NWLA), which is providing free legal advice to victims" (para 1-2). "Merja Iileka, one of the movement's activists told the Thomson Reuters Foundation... 'We're slowly lifting the veil on this culture of silence. And we are encouraging each other to put aside the shame and the stigma, which is what we've been exposed to growing up with our mothers, sisters, aunts, generations before...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The provisional federal constitution states that workers, particularly women, shall have a special right of protection from sexual abuse and discrimination. Nevertheless, sexual harassment was believed to be widespread." (33).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"If any positive can come from such a horrendous attack, it is that the public reaction to the case has sparked an extraordinary cultural movement. Since the outcome of the first trial, hundreds of thousands of Spanish women have taken to the streets in protest. On International Women's Day this year, a whole year after the initial ruling, record numbers joined mass demonstrations, marches and strikes" (para 4). "Bars were distributing cardboard fans that read No es no (No is no) and offered a number to call in case of sexual assault" (para 5).
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Each year, thousands of cases are not properly investigated, and in 2017, 23 shelters for victims of domestic violence were closed in Brazil due to budget cuts" ( para 10).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In 2013, the 11 women filed a lawsuit in a Canadian court for their rape during the eviction, despite fear of repression. 'They often say that whoever files a lawsuit against these people is threatened with assassination, so that's a fear that we carried,' she said" (para 38-39).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Social Solidarity supported eight women’s shelters. The Interior Ministry includes a unit responsible for combating sexual and gender-based violence." (42). "The government prioritized efforts to address sexual harassment. The penal code defines sexual harassment as a crime, with penalties including fines and sentences of six months to five years’ imprisonment if convicted. Media and NGOs reported that sexual harassment by police was also a problem, and the potential for further harassment further discouraged women from filing complaints." (42).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Victims of rape and other forms of sexual violence faced major obstacles in seeking legal justice, as well as access to protective services, such as women’s shelters" (18).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government did not enforce the law effectively, in part due to reluctance of victims and their families to report rape" (20).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Department of Social Welfare and Development provided shelter, counseling, and health services to female survivors of rape" (25). "The PNP and the Department of Social Welfare both maintained help desks to assist survivors of violence against women and encourage reporting. With the assistance of NGOs, the CHR, and the Philippine Commission on Women, law enforcement officers continued to receive gender sensitivity training to deal with victims of sexual crimes and domestic violence. The PNP maintained a women and children’s unit with 1,918 desks throughout the country to deal with abuse cases... 4,576 officers were assigned to the desks nationwide, almost 98 percent of them women" (26).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality. The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (page 39). "Most survivors of rape did not pursue formal legal...more
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Due to these legal and social penalties, authorities brought few cases to trial. The government did not maintain public records on prosecutions, convictions, or punishments" (40).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Rape victims had access to shelters and counseling offered by NGOs and government-funded programs" (p. 15).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea

"Victims reported less than 1 percent of these crimes to police due to custom, fear of stigmatization and reprisal, and lack of cooperation from investigating police or gendarmes" (p. 16).
July 20, 2019, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Observers of the refugee crisis reported women, men, and community leaders consistently identified sexual violence as a primary reason their families fled the country. The COI reported rape was widespread, and government and progovernment forces used rape to terrorize and punish women, men, and children perceived as associated with the opposition (see section 1.g. for additional information, including on abuses committed by extremist groups). The COI concluded that underreporting and delayed reporting of sexual violence was endemic, rendering an assessment of its magnitude difficult. Reports by the SNHR, HRW, and other NGOs included interviews with female former prisoners, who reported that rape by guards and security forces was common in...more
July 19, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Guinea-Bissau
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-3

"The law permits prosecution of rape only when reported by the victim, which observers noted was rare due to victims’ fear of social stigma and retribution" (p. 8).
July 19, 2019, 12:46 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Women’s NGOs asserted there were not enough shelters to meet the needs of the increasing numbers of women applying for assistance and that shelter staff did not provide adequate care and services" (page 49).
July 19, 2019, 12:22 p.m.
Countries: Nepal

"The Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers’ 2011 standard operating procedure for prevention of and response to GBV has led to the establishment of service centers in 17 districts, rehabilitation centers in eight districts, and hospital-based one-stop crisis management centers in 17 districts to provide treatment, protection, and psychosocial and legal support for survivors of GBV. Gender experts say the standard operating procedure has led to improved coordination among police, NHRC, National Women’s Commission, chief district officers, local authorities, community mediation centers, and NGOs working to address violence against women and girls" (Pg 26).
July 19, 2019, 9:48 a.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government ran integrated service centers for women and children (P2TPA) in all 34 provinces and approximately 242 districts, which provided counseling and support services to victims of violence. The larger provincial service centers provided more comprehensive psychosocial services, while the quality of support at the district-level centers varied. Women living in rural areas or districts where no such center was established had difficulty receiving support services and some centers were only open for six hours a day and not the required 24 hours. Nationwide, police operated 'special crisis rooms' or 'women’s desks' where female officers received reports from female and child victims of sexual assault and trafficking and where...more
July 18, 2019, 10:36 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"However, the Committee notes with concern: (b) The underreporting of violence against women by victims, the low numbers of prosecutions and convictions of perpetrators and the limited application of protection orders by the police, in particular in cases of sexual violence; (c) The lack of a coordinated system for preventive measures and victim assistance, including the provision of shelters and legal, medical and psychological assistance, in cases of gender-based violence against women" (5).
July 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Singapore
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The underreporting of cases of gender based violence against women, including domestic and sexual violence, owing to stigma and to the lack of understanding of gender based violence among both the population at large and law enforcement officials" (5).
July 17, 2019, 2:14 p.m.
Countries: Cameroon

"The law criminalizes rape of men and women and provides penalties of between five and 10 years’ imprisonment for convicted rapists. Police and courts, however, rarely investigated or prosecuted rape cases, especially since victims often did not report them. The law does not address spousal rape" (Pg 26).
July 15, 2019, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Thailand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs asserted that rape was a serious problem, and noted a measure in the law allows offenders younger than 18 to avoid prosecution by choosing to marry their victim. They also maintained that victims underreported rapes and domestic assaults, in part due to a lack of understanding by authorities that impeded effective implementation of the law regarding violence against women. According to NGOs the government underfunded agencies tasked with addressing the problem, and victims often perceived police as incapable of bringing perpetrators to justice" (page 28).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Human Rights Watch reported there were five shelters for abused women in Port Moresby, which were often full and had to refuse women in need of counseling and shelter. The situation was worse outside the capital, where small community organizations or individuals with little access to funds and counseling resources maintained the shelters" (p. 18).
July 13, 2019, 9:51 p.m.
Countries: Burundi
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Credible observers stated many women were reluctant to report rape, in part due to fear of reprisal" (p. 34).