The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

April 22, 2019, 7:33 a.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Additionally, female victims of rape or other sexual crimes faced the possibility of prosecution for consensual sex outside marriage instead of receiving assistance from authorities" (p. 24).
April 18, 2019, 8:38 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The Department of Equal Opportunity operated a hotline for victims of violence seeking immediate assistance and temporary shelter. The department also operated a hotline for victims of stalking. From January to November 31, the hotline received 29,939 calls" (p. 13).
April 16, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Bhutan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee also commends the State party for adopting the Penal Code (Amendment) Act in 2011, which increases the penalties for the crime of rape, and for extending the establishment of women and child protection units or desks to more districts" (5).
April 15, 2019, 9:10 p.m.
Countries: Honduras
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"In cooperation with the UN Development Program, the government operated consolidated reporting centers in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula where women could report crimes, seek medical and psychological attention, and receive other services. These reporting centers were in addition to the 298 government-operated women’s offices--one in each municipality--that provided a wide array of services to women, focusing on education, personal finance, health, social and political participation, environmental stewardship, and prevention of gender-based violence" (p. 23).
April 10, 2019, 8:03 p.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law provides for the right to a fair public trial, and an independent judiciary generally enforced this right. Exceptions to the right for a public trial include national security concerns, protection of the interest of a minor or an individual requiring special protection, and safeguarding the identity of an accuser or defendant in a sex-offense case" (13). "Women from certain Orthodox Jewish, Muslim, Bedouin, and Druze communities faced significant social pressure not to report rape or domestic abuse. The government stated that awareness and the perceived legitimacy of reporting and investigating rape and domestic violence were especially difficult in these communities" (36). "The Authority for the Advancement of the...more
April 10, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In September 2016 the government announced it would allocate NZ$130 million ($95 million) to support victims and prevent sexual violence. The package of measures includes more than 60 new police officers, tougher penalties for breaching protection orders, and “family violence” being marked on offenders’ records for life. Victims’ programs include a new crisis response scheme for victims in the 72 hours after a sexual assault; programs to reduce harmful sexual behavior, offending, and reoffending; programs focusing on adults who pose a risk to children; and services for male survivors of sexual abuse" (p. 8).
April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Most rape victims likely did not report the crime because they feared retaliation or punishment for having been raped, including charges of indecency, immoral behavior, or adultery, the last of which carries the death penalty. Rape victims also feared societal reprisal or ostracism" (33).
April 8, 2019, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Activists continued to complain that the burden of proof in rape cases was too heavy and discouraged victims from reporting acts of rape and authorities from prosecuting them. The government did not respond formally to these concerns.. The government helped finance the Women’s Shelter, the Counseling and Information Center for Survivors of Sexual Violence, the rape crisis center of the national hospital, and other organizations that assisted victims of domestic or gender-based violence. In addition the government assisted immigrant women in abusive relationships, offering emergency accommodation, counseling, and information on legal rights" (p. 9).
April 5, 2019, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Violence against women, including rape and domestic abuse, remained a serious problem but was underreported. Among the reasons cited for failure to report abuse were pressure from male relatives, fear of reprisals, feelings of shame, and cultural taboos on discussion of such matters" (9).
April 5, 2019, 8:26 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law also provides for injunctive relief, personal protection orders, and protective exclusion orders (similar to restraining orders) for female victims of violence" (p. 15).
April 1, 2019, 7:43 a.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law... protects the privacy and safety of the victim making the charge of rape or domestic violence" (p. 9).
March 31, 2019, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Russia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"While members of the medical profession assisted assault survivors and sometimes helped confirm an assault or rape, doctors were often reluctant to provide testimony in court" (46). "According to Human Rights Watch, in December 2016 three men attacked and forced a transgender woman from Uzbekistan into a car where they gang-raped her. The perpetrators filmed it and extorted money from her by threatening to publish the video. In May a court in Murmansk found the men guilty of extortion with the use of violence and sentenced them to four years in prison. They were not charged with rape, but the court did recognize it as a hate crime on the...more
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Police continued to train officers on internal investigations, victims’ rights, sexual abuse, domestic violence, and trafficking in persons" (para 27). "Data on the prevalence of rape or spousal rape, prosecutions, and convictions were unavailable; however, press reporting of rape and defilement arrests and convictions were an almost daily occurrence" (para 82). "The Ministry of Gender, Children, Disability, and Social Welfare conducted public education campaigns to combat domestic violence and rape" (para 82). "Police support units provided limited shelter for some abuse victims" (para 83). "Child abuse remained a serious problem. The press regularly reported cases of sexual abuse of children, including arrests for rape, incest, sodomy, and defilement" (para 96).more
March 27, 2019, 6:35 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The government and NGOs operated 24-hour hotlines, counseling centers, and shelters for female survivors of violence. The royal family supported a variety of NGOs that worked to improve conditions and services at shelters and to assist families afflicted with domestic violence" (p. 10).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"A November 2016 special report of the secretary general reported only one allegation of sexual exploitation and abuse that took place in 2016 (by a police officer from Zimbabwe). Not all allegations were reported, however, and despite concerted efforts to oppose the practice, UNMIL’s CDU was aware of continued exploitation by personnel who frequented prostitutes" (3). "The government operated two shelters for SGBV victims, victims of trafficking in persons, and others in need of protection, and established two hotlines for citizens to report SGBV-related crimes" (22). "The Sexual Pathways Referral program, a combined initiative of the government and NGOs, improved access to medical, psychosocial, legal, and counseling assistance for victims....more
March 22, 2019, 9:38 a.m.
Countries: Maldives
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Gender and Family received reports of rape and sexual offenses and conducted social inquiry assessments of cases they submitted to the MPS.The ministry also provides psychological support to victims during MPS investigations" (22).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Victims did not report the vast majority of domestic violence and sexual assault cases. Victims traditionally were reluctant to seek assistance outside the family due to fear of social stigmatization" (para 186).
March 20, 2019, 11:36 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Victims often withdrew charges because they received compensation from the accused; succumbed to family pressure, shame, or threats; or became discouraged at the length of time involved in prosecuting a case" (9). "Centers for abused women and children worked to reduce the trauma suffered by abused children" (12).
March 19, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"During the year approximately 350 women’s shelters operated throughout the country" (p. 17).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Gender Equality and Family funded 38 integrated support centers and 104 smaller counseling centers nationwide for victims of sexual violence called 'sunflower centers,' providing counseling, medical care and therapy, case investigations, and legal assistance" (18).
March 18, 2019, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government sponsored and funded programs for female victims of violence, including shelters, counseling, hotlines, free mobile phones, and a media campaign" (p.17).
March 15, 2019, 1:45 p.m.
Countries: Latvia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"No government shelters were designated specifically for battered and abused women. There was one government-funded victim support hotline and several NGO-managed crisis hotlines; none was dedicated exclusively to rape or assault" (15).
March 15, 2019, 9:33 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"According to local NGOs, survivors did not report the vast majority of sexual assaults to police due to social pressure and the concern that society would most likely hold the victims responsible. Police selectively investigated cases; among the minority brought to trial, successful prosecutions were rare . . . The government funded a number of women’s counseling centers under the Ministry of Solidarity, Women, Family, and Social Development. Statistics provided by the government indicated that in 2016 it provided direct support to 29 women’s counseling centers for female survivors of violence, as well as 48 family mediation centers, as part of a broader effort to support projects benefitting women in...more
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The low level of reported rape cases, a significant proportion of ineffective or inappropriate investigations into rape cases according to a survey conducted by the national criminal police authority in 2015, with similar conclusions drawn in a survey of the prosecution authorities, and the low number of criminal convictions for rape, with a high ratio of acquittals compared with other violent crimes" (7).
March 13, 2019, 7:37 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In 2016, the Attorney General’s Office issued the Sexual Violence Investigation and Prosecution Protocol (Resolution 1774), which helps to ensure greater victim participation in the entire prosecution process and provides officials with tools to perform their duties using due diligence standards, to overcome barriers to the investigation and prosecution of such crimes. A differential approach based on ethnicity and human rights is incorporated into protection programmes for women, while investigative and judicial practice implements legislative progress and the principles and rules of international human rights law and international criminal law (Resolution 1006/2016)" (6). "To implement Act. No 1719/2014 and Act No. 1761/2015, the Attorney General's Office is bringing to bear...more
March 11, 2019, 7:35 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-1

"The law provides for protection of survivors from contact with their abusers. When necessary, authorities helped survivors protect their identities or obtain new identities and homes. Both national and local governments helped fund volunteer groups that provided shelter and other assistance for abused women" (p. 10).
March 7, 2019, 1:47 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"A 2015 Cabinet Office survey (the most recent data) showed that only 4.3 percent of women who suffered forcible sexual intercourse reported the crime to police. Observers attributed women’s reluctance to report rape to a variety of factors, including a lack of victim support, potential secondary victimization through the police response, and court proceedings that lacked understanding for rape victims" (p. 13).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Human rights activists and lawyers reported that rape victims were stigmatized, persecuted, and even imprisoned. Since rape is often associated with the concept of adultery, judges could, in theory, accuse the victim of fornication under sharia, hold the victim responsible for the rape, and imprison her. There were no reports that this provision or interpretation of the law was enforced" (page 16-17). "The Mauritanian Association for the Health of Mothers and Children, which operated a center in Nouakchott for rape victims, provided emergency contraception to victims" (page 19).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Interpretations of sharia also impeded successful prosecution of rape cases" (26). "Women who sought assistance in cases of rape were often subject to virginity tests" (26). "Space at the 29 women’s protection centers across the country was sometimes insufficient, particularly in major urban centers, and shelters remained concentrated in the western, northern, and central regions of the country" (27). "Most women did not seek legal assistance for domestic or sexual abuse because they did not know their rights or because they feared prosecution or being sent back to their family or the perpetrator" (27).
March 6, 2019, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"There were public and private counseling services for victims of domestic violence, rape, and child abuse. The government provided funding for a shelter, for women who had faced violence" (7).