The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

Jan. 1, 2021, 5:59 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

“’To date, Egypt has no comprehensive law criminalizing sexual violence,' lamented Fatemah Khafagy, a prominent women's rights advocate. 'Rights advocates have been calling for a holistic approach to the problem rather than scattered provisions within the Penal Code stipulating penalties for offenders. A comprehensive law would spell out preventative and protective measures such as training of prosecutors and judges, sexual education being incorporated in the school curriculum and services provided to survivors such as shelters,' she told Al-Monitor” (para. 19). “Mozn Hassan, a women's rights campaigner and Founder of Nazra, echoed Khafagy's call for a comprehensive law, adding that political will is needed for such a law to pass. “Women...more
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"In the aftermath of Irma and Maria, storms fueled by the climate crisis, many victims of intimate partner violence were left without support during a period of extreme stress. Emergency help lines were down, three of the island’s eight domestic violence shelters closed, and people were stranded without cellphone service or vehicles. Even when women were able to reach the police, in some cases officers refused to take reports; abuse survivors were reportedly told that they were busy attending to the emergency at hand" (para 21).
Jan. 1, 2021, 3:52 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"In the aftermath of Irma and Maria, storms fueled by the climate crisis, many victims of intimate partner violence were left without support during a period of extreme stress. Emergency help lines were down, three of the island’s eight domestic violence shelters closed, and people were stranded without cellphone service or vehicles. Even when women were able to reach the police, in some cases officers refused to take reports; abuse survivors were reportedly told that they were busy attending to the emergency at hand" (para 21).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:57 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"And police see NGOs like Agape as preventing the flow of money into their pockets" (para 33). "'There can be no secrets in the villages.' So says Paulo Kuyi, who is fighting the ground war against child marriage in the nearby town of Muchambi. The 53-year-old activist acts as a primitive early warning system for the NGO Agape, which in turn tips off the local police force....it is common knowledge that Kuyi is the one reporting cases of child marriage to the police. Resentful of the potential loss of income that marrying off their daughters can generate, villagers have threatened to lock the activist in his hut and burn it...more
Dec. 24, 2020, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Victims are often treated as criminals or blamed for the assaults" (para 5). "[T]he police chief also appeared to blame the woman for the crime, questioning why she had been traveling late at night without an adult male companion, and why she had not checked to see that her car had enough fuel for the journey" (para 14).
Dec. 23, 2020, 8:58 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

“But months later the girl's case has shown just how difficult combating sexual violence can be: Her father objected to the rape being tried in court, requiring police to issue a restraining order so she could continue receiving medical treatment. No court date has been set, not even a prosecutor chosen” (para 4). “The child's lawyer Fatmata Sorie said the man who committed the crime - believed to be a 28-year-old male relative - still walks free” (para 6).
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Somehow, we have people who see rape as fun—a team bonding game for the 'sexually potent male club.' This is why you have police talking about rape victims overreacting to 'a little fun' that resulted from them provoking their rapists. They do not seem unfamiliar with the idea of a group of men having 'fun' with a woman they pick up. This is how women get accused of provoking men by 'flaunting their sexuality,' and men simply 'misunderstanding'" (para 11). Law enforcement acting like this can be a deterrent to reporting sexual assault and rape (CAT - CODER COMMENT). "After facing intimidation to withdraw the case, scant police protection, and...more
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:47 p.m.
Countries: Libya
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Anecdotal evidence provided by Libyan activists has not been investigated thoroughly, nor has there been investigation into reports that opposition and community leaders called for the destruction of evidence or forced victims to marry so as to hide public shame. Activists worry that rape victims are doubly victimized by being forced into silence and marriage" (4).
Dec. 23, 2020, 2:28 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Even though it’s so common — more than half of all adults in my generation of Indians have experienced some form of child sexual abuse — few survivors discuss their experiences, because of the Indian family’s insistence on silence. That silence transferred the shame of the abuser’s act onto the child and onto the family; it is powerful and crippling, and it actively enables abuse. The silence around marital rape is strengthened when the Indian social and legal system refuses even to acknowledge that it exists; for an abuser, and for a rapist, these silences are enabling" (para 28).
Dec. 7, 2020, 10:23 a.m.
Countries: Ireland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

“Rape Crisis Network said that a maximum of ten per cent of rapes were reported, and one in 40 of these cases the rapists were brought to an appropriate level of justice, Ms Coppinger added” (para 9).
Dec. 5, 2020, 7:19 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

“The sentence was handed down in the country's northern district of Tangail by a special tribunal set up to deal with cases of abuse against women and children” (para 2).
Nov. 30, 2020, 11:28 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"There is a culturally-rooted reluctance to acknowledge gender-based violence. Fear of reprisals from perpetrators and their families, shame, trauma and cultural taboos all prevent women from discussing their experience of violence, particularly sexual assault... Some cultural traditions require a married victim to pay 'compensation' to her husband’s family because of the shame brought on the family" (17).
Nov. 24, 2020, 10:50 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

“‘With this declaration, I have also directed the following: that all government hospitals must provide free medical treatment and certificate to every victim of rape and sexual abuse,’ he said” (para 5). “Thousands of cases [of rape] are unreported because of a culture of silence or indifference, leaving victims traumatised, he said, adding that he wants to increase awareness” (para 7). “He also ordered the creation of a special police division for rape and sexual violence against minors” (para 10).
Nov. 6, 2020, 11:05 a.m.
Countries: Cameroon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

“Cameroonian journalist Comfort Mussa, who initiated a movement to fight sexual harassment and violence against women, said that it was hard for women to speak out” (para 17).
Oct. 22, 2020, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: Armenia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"As such, cases of sexual gender-based violence are investigated as all other criminal cases, with no accent on gender sensitivity or the dynamics of domestic violence, thus perpetuating historical gender discrimination138. Victims are also commonly blamed for the assault or convicted of falsely reporting a crime139. As a result, victims will not report assaults out of fear of being criminally prosecuted themselves. The cases of sexual violence are investigated as all other criminal cases. There are no specific regulations with the accent on gender sensitivity" (42). "In cases of sexual violence, there is a huge problem with the gender sensitivity of the police officers. Victim blaming and accusation in false...more
Oct. 6, 2020, 5:42 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1

"The progressive ruling builds on Eswatini's ongoing law reform process, aimed at promoting and protecting women's and girls' rights that included the passing of the Sexual Offences and Domestic Violence Act of 2018, which provides a framework to curb sexual and gender-based violence in the country" (para 2).
Oct. 1, 2020, 9:54 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Bergehed said most people still thought of rape as an attack by a stranger, but a review of court cases in Sweden showed almost all victims knew their assailant. 'These stereotypes are not helping victims to step forward—it makes them unsure whether they really experienced rape or not,' she added" (para 9-10). "Bergehed said many women also blamed themselves for what happened, particularly if they had frozen and not fought back. Police and courts often query a victim's story if she did not retaliate, but there is growing evidence that many victims experience temporary paralysis when raped. Bergehed said a study by a Swedish emergency clinic for rape victims showed...more
Sept. 29, 2020, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The council's report also highlighted the need to increase the number of female police officers in Finland, the lack of training available to prosecutors and law enforcement officers on intervening in cases involving sexual violence, and the need for more shelters for those suffering abuse in their homes" (para 11). "Anna Blus, Amnesty Interntional's women's rights researcher in Europe, said: 'In many ways, Finland is a model country for gender equality, but its antiquated rape laws are badly failing women. The definition of rape in Finnish law, which is based on physical violence and incapacity, is outdated and discourages survivors from coming forward'" (para 14).
Sept. 2, 2020, 6:55 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In July, following numerous allegations of sexual harassment, coercion, and assault in ministries, the Afghan government formed a special unit within the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) to investigate reports of sexual harassment and assault against women in public institutions" (para 14).
Aug. 26, 2020, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

“My name is Julienne Lusenge and I’m an activist for women’s rights in the DRC…We work all day and night. We have no rest, because each day we have women coming to us who have been attacked and raped. There are so many victims of sexual violence, so many problems of security and human rights violations that we always have victims at our door. So we have to take care of them; we have to take them to the hospital, organise counselling for the women and accompany them at each stage of the pursuit of justice. We help them to find a lawyer and then we pay the legal fees,...more
Aug. 19, 2020, 3:50 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Victims of sexual violence in Yemen are highly stigmatized, meaning vast underreporting is likely" (para 26).
Aug. 12, 2020, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-3

"The criminalization of consensual adult sexual relations outside marriage likely deters girls and women from reporting assaults, because they can find themselves charged if the judiciary views the sexual act in question as consensual" (para 23).
Aug. 8, 2020, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Fear of prosecution drives some women and girls to have illegal, unsafe abortions and impedes access to services for survivors of sexual violence" (para 19). "Since 2017, the government has taken important steps toward tackling school-related gender-based violence, launching public information campaigns, training programs, and a database to document all cases of sexual violence in schools" (para 23).
Aug. 2, 2020, 6:20 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

Women are disproportionately impacted as pregnancy serves as evidence of extramarital sex and women who report rape can find themselves prosecuted for consensual sex instead (para 19).
July 28, 2020, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The two most recent federal budgetsxi have not introduced any substantive funding increases. With greater awareness about DFV and sexual violence, services are experiencing greater demand. For instance, demand for 1800RESPECT has risen by 50% since March 2017. Similarly, other specialist women’s services and specialist housing and homelessness providers are struggling to meet the increasing service demand" (5). "Over the last 40 yearsxiv, specialist women’s services have been established in response to the need for comprehensive and trauma-informed support. Guided by women-centred models of practice, these services include organisations working to address domestic and family violence (including refuges and shelters), sexual assault services and rape crisis centres, and organisations working...more
July 14, 2020, 5:20 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"She said: 'Victims of no other crime are expected to surrender their digital lives to such speculation and scrutiny. Even suspects are spared such extreme intrusion. 'Victims reporting rape to the police want nothing more than to advance investigations and to consent to lawful and proportionate evidence collection." (9-10). "Ms Carlo added: 'The volume of personal data police demand from victims often exceeds the information seized in a property raid. 'But the police insist on an all or nothing approach in which they have to either put their private lives on trial or see rapists walk free.'" (17-18). "Meanwhile victims' groups are warning that police's demands for bulk data are...more
June 28, 2020, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The draft law, which faces months of debate in parliament, seeks to establish specialized courts for dealing with sexual offences and round-the-clock recovery centres for victims" (para 4). "Aggravating factors such as physical violence or the use of drugs to incapacitate the victim would carry heavier sentences. Such cases would be heard by special judges in courts dedicated to sexual crimes, as is already done with crimes relating to gender violence" (para 16).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In the first year of implementation of the project, Cooperation Agreements were signed between the Provincial Secretariat for Health and 66 medical institutions and three-day trainings were provided to 387 health care professionals; Centres for Victims of Sexual Violence were piloted in Zrenjanin and Novi Sad (out of a total of 7 — one in each District); the Manual for Improving the Coordinated Response by Competent Services to Violence against Women was prepared; three-day trainings were provided to 155 professionals; and numerous media campaigns and websites were designed" (19).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In most cases attackers were acquaintances or family members of the victim, which contributed to a reluctance to press charges, as did a poor security climate and societal attitudes" (23). "Prosecutors chose not to prosecute many cases due to insufficient evidence. Poor police training, insufficient forensic lab capacity, a lack of trauma counseling for victim witnesses, and overburdened courts contributed to the low conviction rate" (24). "The Department of Justice operated 57 dedicated sexual-offenses courts throughout the country. Although judges in rape cases generally followed statutory sentencing guidelines, women’s advocacy groups criticized judges for using criteria such as the victim’s behavior or relationship to the rapist as a basis for...more
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Thirty-five percent of women who have ever experienced physical or sexual violence have sought help, while 13% have never sought help but have told someone about the violence. Thirty-nine percent of women who have experienced any type of physical or sexual violence have not sought help or told anyone about the violence (Table 16.17). Women who have experienced both physical and sexual violence (43%) are more likely to seek help than women who have experienced only sexual violence (18%) (Figure 16.4)" (297). "Patterns by background characteristics: 1) Younger women age 15-19 (24%) are less likely to seek help to stop violence than women age 20 and above (33%-39%). 2) The...more