The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

June 19, 2019, 8:49 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Insufficient resources allocated to the prevention of such violence and to victim support services, including shelters" (6).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"According to the Aurat Foundation and others, prosecutions of reported rapes were rare. Police and NGOs reported individuals involved in other types of disputes sometimes filed false rape charges, reducing the ability of police to identify legitimate cases and proceed with prosecution. NGOs reported police were at times implicated in rape cases. NGOs also alleged police sometimes abused or threatened victims, demanding they drop charges, especially when police received bribes from suspected perpetrators or the perpetrators were influential community leaders. Some police demanded bribes from victims before registering rape charges, and investigations were sometimes superficial. While the use of post-rape medical testing increased during the year, medical personnel in many...more
June 17, 2019, 3:53 p.m.
Countries: Iceland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Committee calls upon the State party...To step up its efforts to prosecute and convict perpetrators of rape and sexual violence against women, and analyse and address the causes of the high number of acquittals in sexual violence cases...To adopt, without delay, a national plan against sexual and domestic violence that takes into account the specific needs and vulnerabilities of migrant women and women with disabilities, and provide adequate human and financial support to expand to all police districts the cross-cutting approach of the Reykjavik Metropolitan Police to combating domestic violence." (para 20).
June 17, 2019, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1, LRCM-LAW-2

"The law criminalizes rape with penalties of up to 15 years in prison but does not criminalize spousal rape. The government generally enforced the law when individuals reported cases, but there were indications that many victims did not report rape because of cultural and societal factors. During the year police charged 159 individuals with rape or attempted rape. Foreign nationals working as domestic employees occasionally reported that their sponsors or employees of labor recruitment agencies had sexually abused them. According to diplomatic observers, police investigations resulted in few rape convictions" (Pg 13-14).
June 17, 2019, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The guardianship system makes it almost impossible for victims of domestic violence or sexual abuse to seek justice or protection because the police often insist that women and girls obtain their guardian’s authorisation to file complaints even if the complaint concerns the guardian" (para 16). "Saudi women and migrant domestic workers who report abuse, including rape, sometimes face counter-accusations, leaving them open to criminal prosecution, according to a Human Rights Watch report" (24).
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGO Lawyers Collective noted the length of trials, lack of victim support, and inadequate protection of witnesses and victims remained major concerns. Doctors continued to carry out the invasive 'two-finger test' to speculate on sexual history, despite the Supreme Court’s holding that the test violated a victim’s right to privacy. In 2015 the government introduced new guidelines for health professionals for medical examinations of victims of sexual violence. It included provisions regarding consent of the victim during various stages of examination, which some NGOs claimed was an improvement to recording incidents" (37-38).
June 14, 2019, 2:55 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Societal pressure and the stigma associated with rape reduced the percentage of rapes reported and the penalties imposed for conviction. Sentences for persons convicted of rape and sexual assault were inconsistent and often minor. In the Northeast Boko Haram continued to abduct women and girls, subjecting them to sexual violence and forcing them into domestic and sexual slavery, sometimes under the guise of forced marriage" (Pg 32).
June 12, 2019, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRW-DATA-1

"Rape was a widespread problem. It is punishable by 10 to 30 years in prison, depending on the circumstances and age of the victim. Most rape cases went unreported due to victims’ fear or shame. According to the prime minister, surveys in 2010 on gender-based violence showed that at some point in their lives 43.2 percent of women nationwide had experienced physical violence, and 28.3 percent experienced sexual violence" (Pg 16).
June 11, 2019, 11:54 a.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law defines rape in broad terms and allows for the prosecution of spousal rape. The courts tried numerous cases of rape during the year, and the government generally enforced court sentences providing between five and 45 years’ imprisonment for those convicted. Between January and July, police received reports of 565 rapes. Women’s groups and NGOs believed the actual prevalence of rape was higher, with only a small fraction of cases prosecuted and fewer still resulting in conviction. Factors hampering rape prosecutions included limited police capacity and the withdrawal of allegations by alleged victims after the filing of charges. Many rape cases are heard by traditional authorities rather than in...more
June 10, 2019, 6:59 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The outcry prompted Iran’s Welfare Organization to relocate Raha to one of its centers, who declared the marriage illegal because it had taken place without the consent of a local court" (para 7).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The FPD actively investigated cases, but gave preference to mediation, and some activists reported pressure against taking physical abuse cases to court. Spousal abuse is technically grounds for divorce, but husbands claimed religious authority to strike their wives. Observers noted while judges generally supported a woman’s claim of abuse in court, due to societal and familial pressure, as well as fears of violence such as honor killings, few women sought legal remedies" (30).
June 7, 2019, 2:07 p.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Police emergency line (132) is now the main line used for GBV information and reporting, available 24 hours a day and free of charge for both landline and cell phone calls. In 2015 trainings were conducted for 25 police officers, as well as for the Criminal Police and the Armed Forces" (11). "The NPCSVCA (2017–2019), coordinated by ICCA, proposes measures to be implemented by the MoE: (i) the inclusion of sexual education in pre-school, in a self-protection perspective, (ii) the development of a continuous training program for teachers on the prevention, identification and management of sexual violence, and (iii) the establishment of a compulsory notification system of cases for...more
June 7, 2019, 11:46 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"UNAMA documented consistent patterns countrywide of women routinely subjected to pressure by authorities, family members and perpetrators to withdraw their criminal cases and consent to resolving these issues through mediation. Such patterns highlight the underlying imbalance of power relations in Afghan society, which place women in a subordinate position and which is perpetuated in the mediation of cases of violence against women, irrespective of whether State or non-State actors manage the mediation process. Thus, the use of mediation, which presumes in theory that both parties have equal bargaining power, is unsuitable for the resolution of criminal offences of violence against women, and does not offer women the necessary robust legal...more
June 4, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-PRACTICE-2

"The government had one shelter in Maseru for abused women. The shelter offered psychosocial services but provided help only to women referred to it. The majority of victims were not aware of the shelter. There was no hotline for victims" (p. 14).
June 4, 2019, 4:55 p.m.
Countries: Austria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Furthermore, an additional victim category for highly vulnerable victims was created, including victims whose sexual integrity or right to self-determination might have been violated, who might have been subjected to domestic violence or who are under age. These persons have extended victims’ rights. In particular, they have the right to demand that a person of the same sex conducts the interrogation, if possible. In addition to that, highly vulnerable victims have the right to an adversary interrogation without physical presence of the suspect (this is a mandatory requirement for victims of sexual crimes who are under age). Moreover, they have the right to be immediately and officially informed about the...more
June 4, 2019, 11:11 a.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law prohibits rape, but enforcement was weak due to police ineffectiveness, official corruption, and victims’ unwillingness to report cases due to fear of social stigma and retaliation" (p. 13).
June 3, 2019, 7:47 p.m.
Countries: Turkmenistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"A cultural bias against reporting or acknowledging rape made it difficult to determine the extent of the problem" (p. 22).
June 3, 2019, 11:41 a.m.
Countries: Togo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Police generally did not intervene in abusive situations, and many women were not aware of the formal judicial mechanisms designed to protect them" (p. 11)
June 2, 2019, 7:22 p.m.
Countries: Taiwan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Many victims did not report the crime for fear of social stigmatization, and various NGO and academic studies estimated the total number of sexual assaults was seven to 10 times the number reported to police" (p. 11).
May 30, 2019, 11:13 p.m.
Countries: Uzbekistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Cultural norms discouraged women and their families from speaking openly about rape, and the press rarely reported it" (26).
May 30, 2019, 1:42 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Recalling its general recommendation No. 19 (1992) on violence against women and general recommendation No. 35 (2017) on gender-based violence against women, updating general recommendation No. 19, the Committee recommends that the State party: (d) Provide adequate redress, assistance and protection to women who are victims of gender-based violence by establishing shelters, issuing and enforcing protection orders and enhancing cooperation with non-governmental organizations that provide assistance and rehabilitation to victims" (6).
May 29, 2019, 6:43 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"There was a network of maternity homes, safe houses, and shelters for women and children who were victims of violence. The total capacity of this network was 450 beds. The police academy offered annual training on domestic violence" (p. 12).
May 28, 2019, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"It is also concerned at: (…) The differences between municipalities with regard to the availability and quality of assistance and protection services, including shelters, for women victims of violence, as well as discrimination in the treatment of women belonging to minority groups" (8).
May 28, 2019, 8:37 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Following the consolidation of police districts from 27 to 12 on January 1, all districts had a domestic violence coordinator. Public and private organizations operated 47 government-funded shelters and managed five 24-hour crisis hotlines. The Oslo Crisis Center repeated its claim that the network of shelters was too small. Victims of domestic violence have a right to consult a lawyer free of charge before deciding whether to make a formal complaint. If the government initiates criminal proceedings, the victim is entitled to free assistance from a victim’s advocate" (p. 10).
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"There were no reliable rape statistics, principally because of social stigma, fear of familial and societal retaliation, and a legal system largely stacked against survivors, which limited willingness to report the crime. Most rape victims did not report the crime due to fear of shaming the family, incurring violent retaliation by the perpetrator or a family member, or facing prosecution" (35). "Muhamasheen women were particularly vulnerable to rape and other abuse because of the general impunity for attackers due to the women’s low-caste status" (43).
May 27, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Victims seldom pursued legal action due to shame, fear, or reluctance to take their spouses to court" (p. 16).
May 24, 2019, 4:18 p.m.
Countries: Malta
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"A November report by the European Institute of Gender Equality noted that the rate underreporting of rape exceeds EU averages" (p. 11).
May 21, 2019, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Czech Republic
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs noted in particular the underreporting of violence against women in immigrant communities, where victims often feared losing their immigration status. Some NGOs continued to offer increased social, legal, and psychological services to rape victims" (p. 13).
May 16, 2019, 7:41 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In most areas there were few or no publicly provided women’s shelters, information, support hotlines, and little or no sensitivity training for police. In the absence of shelters, authorities often detained or imprisoned sexual harassment victims for their own protection. Some women, without alternatives, became homeless" (42).
May 16, 2019, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"KWRO is a registered London-based, national charity (1104550) founded in 2002, run by and representing women and girls from Middle Eastern, North African and Afghan communities at risk of “honour” based violence, forced marriage, child marriage, FGM, spouse abandonment and domestic violence." (para. 1). "There’s a dominant idea among my clients that husbands are allowed to have sex with their wife when they want to and women should not say no. Many come to us not identifying that they have been raped. They have been led to believe that their husband has the rights to their body." (para. 16). "Religious arbitrators regularly tell them it’s their Islamic duty to please...more