The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

Feb. 21, 2019, 8:18 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Samira is the only one of some 20 women involved in the incident who has taken the matter to court. None of the other women has returned to the square." (para 22)
Feb. 17, 2019, 3:48 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"CONAPREVI, in coordination with the Ministry of Public Health and Welfare and other public and private sector institutions, has drawn up a protocol for the care of victims and survivors (2009), which is used for the provision of support to female survivors of sexual violence. It includes arrangements for comprehensive care services, prophylactic measures to prevent contagion of sexually transmitted diseases and emergency contraceptive means. The benchmark for these procedures, with regard both to deceased and to surviving victims, is the Istanbul Protocol" (15). "The Ministry of Public Health and Welfare initially implemented the protocol for the care of victims of sexual violence at five of the country’s hospitals (located...more
Feb. 17, 2019, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Most women athletes are too frightened to speak publicly about alleged abuse by coaches and sporting officials" (para 3). "Sayed Alireza Aqazada, the secretary general of the federation, whose president Keramuddin Karim is among the accused, repeated previous denials. The women's stories aren't true, he said. No sexual harassment had ever been carried out against any female player" (para 8). "She says she almost lost hope of anything being done about it after she started to document abuse by two coaches. She took her findings to the Afghan Football Federation several years ago. 'Instead of removing them or punishing them', she said, 'they were promoted'" (para 14-15). "She says that...more
Feb. 15, 2019, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"KWRO is a registered London-based, national charity (1104550) founded in 2002, run by and representing women and girls from Middle Eastern, North African and Afghan communities at risk of “honour” based violence, forced marriage, child marriage, FGM, spouse abandonment and domestic violence." (para. 1). "There’s a dominant idea among my clients that husbands are allowed to have sex with their wife when they want to and women should not say no. Many come to us not identifying that they have been raped. They have been led to believe that their husband has the rights to their body." (para. 16). "Religious arbitrators regularly tell them it’s their Islamic duty to please...more
Feb. 14, 2019, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Mauritius
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Rape was widespread, but most victims chose not to report or file charges against their attackers due to cultural pressures, fear of retaliation, and the lengthy court process" (para 54).
Feb. 12, 2019, 8:23 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Comprehensive System for Supporting Victims of Crime is aimed at providing specialized multidisciplinary assistance to the victims of crime, abuse of power and violence; to claim compensation for the harm suffered; and to empower and lend resilience to the victim as well as to prevent re-victimization. Through the Victim Care Centre, seven support modules and six mobile units working in coordination with the district municipal authorities offer the following services: (a)Legal guidance to victims throughout the court proceedings in the case of sexual offences and family violence, including supporting the victim in handling legal procedures; (b)Twelve self-help and restorative justice groups have been set up and are functioning; (c)Provision...more
Feb. 8, 2019, 4:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Authorities prosecuted only a small percentage of rape cases since victims seldom reported rapes due to societal pressure, particularly because attackers were frequently close relatives" (page 20).
Feb. 7, 2019, 3:47 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law criminalizes rape. While the government effectively enforced the law, its interpretation by religious courts precluded full implementation of civil law in all provinces. Rape and domestic violence were underreported. The minimum prison sentence for a person convicted of rape is five years, or seven years for raping a minor. According to the penal code, the state would not prosecute a rapist and would nullify his conviction if the rapist married his victim. The law does not criminalize spousal rape. According to the domestic NGO KAFA (Enough Violence and Exploitation), 80 percent of domestic-violence victims the NGO assisted suffered spousal rape" (Pg 27). "The Women’s Affairs Division in the...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Many crimes against women went unreported due to psychological pressure, economic dependence, cultural traditions, fear of stigma, and apathy among law enforcement officers. There were also reports of spouses retaliating against women who reported abuse. Several local NGOs provided services to victims of domestic violence, including legal, medical, and psychological assistance, a crisis hotline, shelters, and prevention programs. Organizations assisting battered women also lobbied to streamline the legal process for obtaining protection orders. The government provided offices to the Sezim Shelter for victims of domestic abuse and paid its expenses. According to the shelter, its hotline received 546 telephone calls during the first six months of the year. Women made...more
Feb. 6, 2019, 2:48 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, NGOFW-DATA-1

"The Sexual and Gender-based Crimes Unit continued to coordinate with Court E and to collaborate with NGOs and international donors to increase public awareness of sexual and gender-based violence issues; these efforts, according to the government and NGOs, led to increased reporting of rape. Despite increased reporting, however, human rights groups claimed the true prevalence of rape was still higher than reported, since many cases go unreported. The government runs a shelter for sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) victims and victims of trafficking in persons, and established two hotlines for citizens to report SGBV-related crimes. The Sexual Pathways Referral program, a combined initiative of the government and NGOs, improved access...more
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"UK Government has adopted a “third-party model” so that women do not have to describe the details of their ordeal to a Government official but, instead, can talk to healthcare professionals, a social worker or an approved rape charity. This third party will then relay the relevant information to Government officials to ease the burden on the woman" (31). "Scottish Government has made available £1.85m over three years to Rape Crisis Scotland to safeguard the existing National Sexual Violence Prevention Co-ordinator post to expand capacity of the existing network of 14 rape crisis centres across Scotland" (33). "A 24-hour Domestic and Sexual Violence Helpline is in operation" (37).more
Feb. 4, 2019, 11:55 a.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

Rape remained a problem, and there were no specific government rape prevention activities. During the first seven months of the year, prosecutors initiated 125 criminal cases of rape, a 23 percent decrease from 2014. Of these cases authorities dismissed 21 cases and forwarded 35 to the courts for trial; the rest of the cases remained under investigation or awaited an indictment. According to NGOs many rapes were unreported due to social stigma and a lengthy and often corrupt judicial process. The NGO La Strada noted that victims did not report rapes due to possible derogatory treatment based on past cases when perpetrators bribed police, prosecutors, and judges for a favorable...more
Feb. 3, 2019, 9:09 p.m.
Countries: Costa Rica
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Amendments to the Domestic Violence Act (Act No. 7586), defining the crime of abuse, and amendments to the Criminalization of Violence against Women Act (Act No. 8589), expanding protection orders in cases of sexual abuse and assistance and legal advice for victims, in 2011" (2).
Feb. 1, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: El Salvador
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"After she was charged with attempted murder, her stepfather visited her in hospital, threatening to kill her, her siblings and her mother if she reported the abuse. Another patient overheard and told a nurse, who called the police. At first, prosecutors accused Cortez of inventing the abuse to justify her crime, until a DNA test confirmed the baby’s paternity. Her stepfather was eventually detained, but has not been charged with any crime. During her 17-month pre-trial detention, Cortez was denied access to psychological support and never allowed to hold her baby daughter" (para 17-19).
Feb. 1, 2019, 2:36 p.m.
Countries: Ethiopia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Overall, only 23% of women age 15-49 who have ever experienced any type of physical or sexual violence by anyone have sought help. Notably, 66% have never sought help nor told anyone about the violence. Women who have experienced both physical and sexual violence are more likely to have sought help (27%) than women who have experienced only sexual violence (7%) or only physical violence (23%) (Table 15.17). Among women who have experienced physical or sexual violence and sought help, the most common source for help was neighbours (34%). Other common sources were the woman’s own family (31%), and her husband’s/partner’s family (14%). Only 8% of women seek help from...more
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

Gender bias on the part of police officers who discourage women from filing complaints about domestic and sexual violence and the lack of trust that women have in public authorities and in the effectiveness of the protection provided by them (pg. 7). "The commitee is particularly concerned about the social stigma faced by women who are victims of rape" (pg. 7).
Jan. 29, 2019, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"this study was conducted in light of the implementation of the National Strategy for Combating Violence against Women (NSVAW), launched by the National Council for Women (NCW) on 7 May 2015. NSVAW addressed, under the 3rd heading, the subject of shelters, and claimed "providing adequate shelters for Women subjected to Violence" as one of its objectives. As NSVAW addresses increasing the number of shelters in the country,it is necessary to document and evaluate the extent of preparedness of already existing shelters to receive and empower Women Survivors,so that discussions regarding increasing the number of shelters can be realistic and meaningful" (Para 2). "The study relied mainly on personal interviews. The...more
Jan. 21, 2019, 9:18 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, SEGI-PRACTICE-1

"The most interesting thing was the public/media attention the new law received – which stimulated awareness and probably also lowered barriers to report an offence" (Para 5). This is in reference to the 2016 change to laws regarding rape and sexual assault (EJ - Coder Comment).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, WAM-PRACTICE-1

"There were recurring references to transactional sex and allegations that women students preferred ‘sugar daddies,’ echoing a dominant media focus in Nigeria on the alleged 'immorality' of women undergraduates. Given such views, the residential hall authorities blamed gender-based violence on the victims, holding women responsible for their own sexual harassment because of their 'indecent dressing'" (para 18).
Jan. 9, 2019, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The campaign emphasizes the public’s responsibility to end violence against women. It promotes a 24-hour women’s helpline where survivors of violence can access information about their rights, where and how to seek help and how to report cases. Since the hotline was set up more than a decade ago, it has received more than three million calls. The government hopes the campaign will increase reporting as more people become familiar with the service" (para 2) Hotline for all forms of violence against women, including sexual assault (AMG-CODER COMMENT). "Creating an app to promote the hotline was a necessity for Brazil, which ranks fourth in the world in the number of...more
Jan. 4, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, UVAW-PRACTICE-1

"In 2016, 1,976 young women benefited from the Women and Girls Safe Spaces set up by ABAAD in 2015, which provides psychosocial activities, follow-up and psychological support, legal advice and representation in court, and emergency shelter for women fleeing violence or high-risk situations" (para 6).
Jan. 2, 2019, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Cultural pressures often dissuaded victims from reporting sexual assault . . . Rape remained a taboo and underreported subject. Convictions for sexual violence were far below the number of actual incidents" (page 16). "There were no government public education programs on domestic violence, including rape. Victims received services at two dozen social centers throughout the country. There is a growing demand for services, but social stigma keeps many women from utilizing existing resources" (page 17).
Dec. 21, 2018, 4:39 p.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Rape remained a taboo and cultural pressures often dissuaded victims from reporting sexual assault" (page 22). "In September the Ministry of Social Affairs announced that it organized training for 54 social workers during the year related to the prevention of sexual violence against children, particularly girls" (page 24).
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Japan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Of the women who reported experiencing rape in the Cabinet Office survey, more than two-thirds said they had never told anyone, not even a friend or family member. And barely 4 percent said they had gone to the police" (para 17). "Many Japanese women who have been assaulted 'blame themselves, saying, ‘Oh, it’s probably my fault,’' said Tamie Kaino, a professor emeritus of gender studies at Ochanomizu University. Hisako Tanabe, a rape counselor at the Sexual Assault Relief Center in Tokyo, said that even women who call their hotline and are advised to go to the police often refuse, because they do not expect the police to believe them. 'They...more
Dec. 1, 2018, 2:11 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Although Bosnian courts have, in the past, prosecuted and jailed several war criminals for sexual violence during the war, they have directed victims to pursue compensation claims in expensive civil procedures -- a recourse many victims have avoided because it requires them to reveal their identities" (para 7).
Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"According to human rights monitors, many victims did not report rapes due to lack of access to legal services, social stigma, or fear of further harassment and the legal requirement to furnish witnesses" (25).
Nov. 30, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: Cape Verde
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law calls for establishing several care centers, with financial and management autonomy, but implementation lagged due to inadequate staffing and financial resources" (10). "The government attempted to reduce sexual abuse and violence against children through several programs such as Dial a Complaint, the Children’s Emergency Program, Project Our House, Welcome Centers for Street Children, Project Safe Space, Project Substitute Family, and the creation during 2014 of five ICCA offices. ICCA services, however, were not permanently present on every island, and ICCA employees struggled to meet the needs of the local populations" (11-12).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In collaboration with civil society, the state of Mexico established the country’s first “gender alert” system to collect information to support investigations of gender-based violence. At the national level, there were 72 shelters, of which 34 were operated by civil society organizations, four by private welfare institutions, and 34 by public institutions" (para. 19).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In collaboration with civil society, the state of Mexico established the country’s first “gender alert” system to collect information to support investigations of gender-based violence. At the national level, there were 72 shelters, of which 34 were operated by civil society organizations, four by private welfare institutions, and 34 by public institutions" (para. 19).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law provides for the establishment of prevention-of-violence and monitoring centers to offer economic, psychological, legal, and social assistance. As of December 2015, Ministry of Family and Social Policies (MOFSP) reported there were 135 women’s shelters run by the government (100) or civil society (four) and local administrations (31) and 40 in-take centers (SONIMs) operated by the ministry. The shelters had a capacity of at least 3,375. The MOFSP reported that municipality shelters in the first four months of the year served 804 women and 494 children. Purple Roof alleged that the SONIMs and shelters were insufficient in number and quality of services provided. Purple Roof alleged the SONIMs had...more