The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-2

June 28, 2020, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The draft law, which faces months of debate in parliament, seeks to establish specialized courts for dealing with sexual offences and round-the-clock recovery centres for victims" (para 4). "Aggravating factors such as physical violence or the use of drugs to incapacitate the victim would carry heavier sentences. Such cases would be heard by special judges in courts dedicated to sexual crimes, as is already done with crimes relating to gender violence" (para 16).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In the first year of implementation of the project, Cooperation Agreements were signed between the Provincial Secretariat for Health and 66 medical institutions and three-day trainings were provided to 387 health care professionals; Centres for Victims of Sexual Violence were piloted in Zrenjanin and Novi Sad (out of a total of 7 — one in each District); the Manual for Improving the Coordinated Response by Competent Services to Violence against Women was prepared; three-day trainings were provided to 155 professionals; and numerous media campaigns and websites were designed" (19).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In most cases attackers were acquaintances or family members of the victim, which contributed to a reluctance to press charges, as did a poor security climate and societal attitudes" (23). "Prosecutors chose not to prosecute many cases due to insufficient evidence. Poor police training, insufficient forensic lab capacity, a lack of trauma counseling for victim witnesses, and overburdened courts contributed to the low conviction rate" (24). "The Department of Justice operated 57 dedicated sexual-offenses courts throughout the country. Although judges in rape cases generally followed statutory sentencing guidelines, women’s advocacy groups criticized judges for using criteria such as the victim’s behavior or relationship to the rapist as a basis for...more
June 5, 2020, 1:19 p.m.
Countries: Papua New Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Thirty-five percent of women who have ever experienced physical or sexual violence have sought help, while 13% have never sought help but have told someone about the violence. Thirty-nine percent of women who have experienced any type of physical or sexual violence have not sought help or told anyone about the violence (Table 16.17). Women who have experienced both physical and sexual violence (43%) are more likely to seek help than women who have experienced only sexual violence (18%) (Figure 16.4)" (297). "Patterns by background characteristics: 1) Younger women age 15-19 (24%) are less likely to seek help to stop violence than women age 20 and above (33%-39%). 2) The...more
June 1, 2020, 12:53 a.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The country's reputation for gender equality belies their 'insidious culture of victim blaming,' Amnesty International Secretary General Kumi Naidoo said" (para 2). "'Failure to recognise this in law leaves women exposed to sexual violence and fuels a dangerous culture of victim blaming and impunity reinforced by myths and stereotypes which pervade Danish society: from playground to locker room, police station to witness stand.' Mr Naidoo's organisation point to what they say are deeply entrenched biases within the justice system and the fear of not being believed which causes an under-reporting of rape" (para 10-11). "Amnesty said that many of the women were met with dismissive attitudes, victim blaming, and prejudice"...more
May 31, 2020, 11:11 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

" It has been seen in 2018 that despite all the pressures women notify that they have been subjected to violence and reach to more people, trying to find a solution. Particularly in the last days of December, 3 women tried to make their voice heard on Twitter. Since the necessary measures are not taken or taken as missing, women are trying to be protected by using social media as a tool and they are not staying silent" (para 41).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"With a view to preventing practices of prostitution, rape and other acts of affront to women’s dignity, explanatory notes on the Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women and the Criminal Law, as well as programmes for educational purposes, circulars and notifications were formulated to sensitize the general public on the harmful effects of such acts. Health institutions were also involved in preparing IEC materials in that regard and carried out education campaigns" (13).
May 21, 2020, 8:43 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Given the paucity of centres specifically designed to shelter women victims of sexual violence, exploitation and human trafficking, ‘Temporary Specialized Shelters Programmes’ were designed, implemented, coordinated and monitored with a view to providing comprehensive care to victims of violence and sexual offences. Three such centres specializing in handling cases of sexual violence and trafficking are currently being run by SVET. Within that same framework, 23 departmental networks against sexual violence, exploitation, and trafficking in persons were implemented in 11 departments to develop guidelines, procedures, contents and activities for preventing and combating sexual violence, exploitation and trafficking in persons and raising awareness about them, The National Committee for Disaster Reduction (CONRED)...more
April 30, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Rape victims almost never go to the hospital and certainly not the police. There are no medical protocols for rape, and police treat female victims as prostitutes" (para 14).
April 28, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The HRMMU’s report Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Ukraine, which covered the period from March 2014 to the end of January, stated, 'The majority of documented cases of conflict-related sexual violence happened when people, both men and women, were detained by either government forces or armed groups.' It noted that cases of sexual violence were generally underreported due to trauma suffered by victims, stigma associated with sexual violence, and fear of reprisals." (18).
April 24, 2020, 9:25 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"NGOs reported having insufficient resources available to IDP victims of sexual and gender-based violence, who had limited access to safe, confidential psychosocial counseling and medical services or safe spaces. Women and girls abducted by Boko Haram, as well as the babies born as a result of rape during their captivity, faced stigmatization and community isolation." (27).
April 4, 2020, 8:45 a.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Gender-based violence against women is largely underreported because of the victims’ fear of stigma, retaliation and women’s economic dependence on the perpetrator, as well as their lack of awareness of their rights and how to claim them" (6)."There is a lack of information on long-term shelters and relocation schemes for victims of gender-based violence, and the Isange One Stop Centres are being established at the district level only, which compels many victims to travel long distances to reach them;" (6).
March 30, 2020, 8:55 p.m.
Countries: Finland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Along with Norway, Sweden and Finland, rape complainants have access to free legal representation" (para 29).
March 30, 2020, 8:54 p.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Along with Norway, Sweden and Finland, rape complainants have access to free legal representation" (para 29).
March 30, 2020, 8:53 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Along with Norway, Sweden and Finland, rape complainants have access to free legal representation" (para 29).
March 30, 2020, 8:35 p.m.
Countries: Denmark
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The National Danish Police have told BBC News that they are striving to improve how they deal with people reporting rape, and that they are working to new guidelines that were drawn up in 2016" (para 8). "In some respects, Denmark is ahead of other countries on the continent. Along with Norway, Sweden and Finland, rape complainants have access to free legal representation" (para 29). "They add that many of the services set up to support people who have experienced violence - such as rape clinics and counselling - are either explicitly or implicitly promoted towards cisgender women" (para 33). "In response, the Danish National Police say they are committed...more
March 25, 2020, 4:50 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Women who allege harassment have been targeted by defamation suits in the past" (para 11). "On paper, India has robust laws against sexual harassment in the workplace. Legislation passed in 2013 mandates that every company with more than 10 employees must have an internal complaints committee — headed by a female employee and including an external member — to address such allegations" (para 13). "If an internal committee finds an allegation to be true, it can demand an apology for the victim, impose a fine or even fire the accused. But in practice, such committees don’t often function as they were intended" (para 14).
Jan. 22, 2020, 11:18 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Hundreds of women have spoken out about sexual harassment and abuse in Namibia, sparking what activists on Friday said was one of Africa's first major #MeToo movements. In the past fortnight more than 200 cases of sexual violence have been reported to the Namibian Women's Lawyers Association (NWLA), which is providing free legal advice to victims" (para 1-2). "Merja Iileka, one of the movement's activists told the Thomson Reuters Foundation... 'We're slowly lifting the veil on this culture of silence. And we are encouraging each other to put aside the shame and the stigma, which is what we've been exposed to growing up with our mothers, sisters, aunts, generations before...more
Jan. 13, 2020, 8:20 p.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The provisional federal constitution states that workers, particularly women, shall have a special right of protection from sexual abuse and discrimination. Nevertheless, sexual harassment was believed to be widespread." (33).
Dec. 14, 2019, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"If any positive can come from such a horrendous attack, it is that the public reaction to the case has sparked an extraordinary cultural movement. Since the outcome of the first trial, hundreds of thousands of Spanish women have taken to the streets in protest. On International Women's Day this year, a whole year after the initial ruling, record numbers joined mass demonstrations, marches and strikes" (para 4). "Bars were distributing cardboard fans that read No es no (No is no) and offered a number to call in case of sexual assault" (para 5).
Dec. 6, 2019, 2:23 p.m.
Countries: Brazil
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Each year, thousands of cases are not properly investigated, and in 2017, 23 shelters for victims of domestic violence were closed in Brazil due to budget cuts" ( para 10).
Dec. 6, 2019, 1:53 p.m.
Countries: Guatemala
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"In 2013, the 11 women filed a lawsuit in a Canadian court for their rape during the eviction, despite fear of repression. 'They often say that whoever files a lawsuit against these people is threatened with assassination, so that's a fear that we carried,' she said" (para 38-39).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Ministry of Social Solidarity supported eight women’s shelters. The Interior Ministry includes a unit responsible for combating sexual and gender-based violence." (42). "The government prioritized efforts to address sexual harassment. The penal code defines sexual harassment as a crime, with penalties including fines and sentences of six months to five years’ imprisonment if convicted. Media and NGOs reported that sexual harassment by police was also a problem, and the potential for further harassment further discouraged women from filing complaints." (42).
Oct. 25, 2019, 9:36 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Victims of rape and other forms of sexual violence faced major obstacles in seeking legal justice, as well as access to protective services, such as women’s shelters" (18).
Oct. 22, 2019, 1:55 p.m.
Countries: Equatorial Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The government did not enforce the law effectively, in part due to reluctance of victims and their families to report rape" (20).
Oct. 1, 2019, 2:44 p.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The Department of Social Welfare and Development provided shelter, counseling, and health services to female survivors of rape" (25). "The PNP and the Department of Social Welfare both maintained help desks to assist survivors of violence against women and encourage reporting. With the assistance of NGOs, the CHR, and the Philippine Commission on Women, law enforcement officers continued to receive gender sensitivity training to deal with victims of sexual crimes and domestic violence. The PNP maintained a women and children’s unit with 1,918 desks throughout the country to deal with abuse cases... 4,576 officers were assigned to the desks nationwide, almost 98 percent of them women" (26).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality. The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (page 39). "Most survivors of rape did not pursue formal legal...more
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Due to these legal and social penalties, authorities brought few cases to trial. The government did not maintain public records on prosecutions, convictions, or punishments" (40).
July 30, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Slovakia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2

"Rape victims had access to shelters and counseling offered by NGOs and government-funded programs" (p. 15).
July 29, 2019, 8:26 p.m.
Countries: Guinea
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-2, DV-PRACTICE-2

"Victims reported less than 1 percent of these crimes to police due to custom, fear of stigmatization and reprisal, and lack of cooperation from investigating police or gendarmes" (p. 16).