The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for LRW-PRACTICE-3

July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The government enforced the law based on its interpretation of sharia, and courts often punished victims as well as perpetrators for illegal “mixing of genders,” even when there was no conviction for rape. Victims also had to prove that the rape was committed, and women’s testimony in court is, in most cases, worth half the weight of that of a man" (40).
June 28, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The law does not prohibit domestic violence. Violence against women, including spousal abuse, was common, although there were no reliable statistics on its prevalence. Women were often reluctant to file a formal complaint, and police seldom intervened in domestic disputes. According to NGOs some women reported that police tried to charge them SSP 20 (seven dollars) when they attempted to file the criminal complaint of rape or abuse. While the official form is not mandatory, police often told women they needed to complete it prior to receiving medical treatment. Statistics were not available on the number of abusers prosecuted, convicted, or punished. Families of rape victims encouraged marriage to the...more
June 20, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, LRCM-LAW-1, IIP-LAW-1

"A particularly glaring example is the Shia Personal Status Law, signed by President Karzai in 2009, which includes provisions that strip Shia Afghan women of the women's rights enshrined in Afghanistan's constitution. The law gives a husband the right to withdraw basic maintenance from his wife, including food, if she refuses to obey his sexual demands. It grants guardianship of children exclusively to their fathers and grandfathers. It requires women to get permission from their husbands to work. It also effectively allows a rapist to avoid prosecution by paying 'blood money' to a girl who was injured because of the rape" (6).
June 19, 2019, 1:33 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Informal justice systems lacking institutionalized legal protections continued, especially in rural areas, and often resulted in human rights abuses. Feudal landlords and other community leaders in Sindh and Punjab, and tribal leaders in Pashtun and Baloch areas, at times held local council meetings (known as panchayats or jirgas), in defiance of the established legal system. Such councils settled feuds and imposed tribal penalties, including fines, imprisonment, and sometimes the death penalty. These councils often sentenced women to violent punishment or death for so-called honor-related crimes. In Pashtun areas, primarily in FATA, such councils were held under FCR guidelines. Assistant political agents, supported by tribal elders of their choosing, are legally...more
June 14, 2019, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Police officers sometimes worked to reconcile rape victims and their attackers, in some cases encouraging female rape victims to marry their attackers" (37).
June 8, 2019, 1:59 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"There were no reported instances of forced marriage as an alternative to a potential honor killing during the year, although NGOs noted that many cases of forced marriage occurred shortly after an accusation of rape due to family and societal pressure before any formal trial began. Observers noted that if a woman marries her rapist, according to customary belief, her family members do not need to kill her to 'preserve the family’s honor'" (31)
May 28, 2019, 5:40 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"By law authorities can prosecute rape victims on charges of fornication if authorities do not charge a perpetrator" (35). "The law states that authorities should execute a man if convicted of killing a woman. The penal code, however, allows leniency for persons guilty of committing an 'honor' killing or violently assaulting or killing a woman for perceived 'immodest' or 'defiant' behavior" (35). "Cases of 'honor' killing--the murder of a daughter or sister who 'shamed' the family--occurred, particularly in rural areas. Most cases of honor killing went unreported, and authorities investigated very few instances. There have been reports that family members murdered both male and female victims of rape or sexual...more
May 22, 2019, 10:55 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"She further said the government's reasoning that these special circumstance marriages may reduce the stigma placed on girls who are raped or sexually assaulted was unfounded. 'Marrying a girl off to her rapist or to a hooligan who sexually harasses her will definitely lower her dowry, but it will do nothing to guarantee a better life for her. If anything, her husband will use and abuse her further and throw her out. This will increase the stigma and destroy her life,' she said" (Para 10-11).
April 25, 2019, 8:30 a.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"In some instances family members forced a girl to marry a man based on the mere suspicion that the two had had sexual intercourse. This cultural practice even applied in cases of rape, and the study found numerous instances in which families concealed rape by facilitating the marriage between rapist and victim" (38).
April 11, 2019, 8:01 a.m.
Countries: Ecuador
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"A Plan International study cited the testimony of public officials who reported that in many cases sexual aggressors compensated violence with payment or exchange of animals, but in some cases victims were forced to marry the aggressors" (p. 24).
March 21, 2019, 11:12 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The law further stipulates that, if the rapist marries the victim, the rapist receives no punishment. The victim’s family sometimes agreed to this arrangement to avoid the social stigma attached to rape" (para 185).
March 7, 2019, 11:23 a.m.
Countries: Mauritania
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-2

"Human rights activists and lawyers reported that rape victims were stigmatized, persecuted, and even imprisoned. Since rape is often associated with the concept of adultery, judges could, in theory, accuse the victim of fornication under sharia, hold the victim responsible for the rape, and imprison her. There were no reports that this provision or interpretation of the law was enforced" (page 16-17).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

The Committee is particularly concerned about the non-imposition of criminal charges against a kidnapper and rapist who marries his victim with the consent of her guardian (pg. 4). "The fact that a kidnapper and rapist who marries his victim with the consent of her guardian is exempted from criminal charges" (pg. 7).
Jan. 9, 2019, 8:30 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"This bill sparked a rare thing here: cross-party opposition. The AKP MPs who proposed it insisted it would not pardon rapists or sexual abusers and was simply intended to exonerate men who marry underage girls apparently with consent. However, critics said that in patriarchal Turkey, a young girl would feel unable to give consent and so the bill would have legitimised rape and encouraged child brides. When conservative, usually pro-government, women spoke out against it - including the president's wife - the bill was doomed to failure. Child marriage is a problem here. Former President Abdullah Gul famously married when he was 30 and his wife 15. But women's groups...more
Jan. 4, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"'Through this campaign, we want the repeal of Article 522, to emphasize that rape is a crime and as such must be punished, and to insist on the fact that it is the right of every woman to refuse to marry her rapist and that it is necessary to put an end to the stigmatization. Some women are actually forced by their family to marry their rapist for a question of honor,' Mardam-Bey explained" (para 3).
Nov. 26, 2018, 4:14 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, DSFMF-PRACTICE-4

"Violence against women, including so-called honor killings, remained a significant problem, and child marriage persisted. The government did not effectively protect women, children, members of ethnic and religious minorities, and LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex) persons from abuse, discrimination, and violence" (page 3).
Nov. 16, 2018, 9:46 a.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"In Karen, Kachin and Chin states, women victims of rape or sexual harassment are expelled from their village on the assumption that the village must be “cleansed” of the victims" (page 7).
Nov. 7, 2018, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4

"A bill which would allow men accused of raping underage girls to be cleared if they marry the girl has been preliminarily backed by Turkish MPs. The bill would pardon men only if they had sex without "force or threat" and if they married the victim" (para. 1 - 2).
Oct. 17, 2018, 1:08 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Both Sufan and the Women’s Centre for Legal Aid and Counselling (WCLAC) warned that families may still coerce women and girls who become pregnant to marry the men because of barriers to getting birth certificates for children born out of wedlock and the criminalization of abortion" (para 7). "Randa Siniora, director of WCLAC, warned that families may still try to force women and girls to marry their alleged rapists or men with whom they have had extramarital sex 'unless the authorities provide safe, legal abortions and the registration of children born outside of wedlock'" (para 23). "The head of one shelter for victims of violence said they advised a 22-year-old...more
Sept. 20, 2018, 2:35 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The unavailability of justice is why we see victims attempting public self-immolation" (para 1).
Sept. 14, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Somalia
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-PRACTICE-3

"In the past, a victim's family could force them to marry their rapist to avoid being shamed" (para 2). This quote is referring to the self-declared republic of Somaliland, not Somalia (KYK-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 14, 2018, 9:39 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"A woman who was forced to marry her rapist when she was 11 has helped inspire the Florida Senate pass a bill that would end child marriage in the state" (para 1). "Johnson was raped at age 8 by a church bishop in Tampa...Later, her mother's husband and a church deacon, Alfonsa Tolbert, did the same....her mother at first did not believe her and insisted she was lying...when she became pregnant by Tolbert and needed to leave elementary school to give birth, her mother could no longer deny what had happened. After she gave birth, her mother - pressured by the church - took her to a courthouse to marry...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 10:27 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Kahtera speaking to reports according to subtitles says: 'If the court fails to carry out the sentence me and my children will be at risk, my fathers family will hunt us down'" (2:52). While it is not indicated whether this action is legal or not, it appears that the society is aware that there is danger of a women being killed for speaking out about abuse (AA-CODER COMMENT).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MURDER-PRACTICE-1

"In April the high court of Zurich confirmed the six-year prison sentence of a 51-year-old Kurdish man who incited his former brother-in-law to kill his sister, the man’s ex-wife, and her new partner in an honor killing" (16).
June 8, 2018, 1:24 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about: . . . (b) Reported cases of girls who have been raped or harassed being forced to marry their perpetrators in the name of preserving so-called family 'honour'; . . . The Committee, drawing attention to joint general recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices (2014), recommends that the State party: . . . (b) Take the measures, including awareness-raising efforts and legal amendments, necessary to ensure that no victim of rape or harassment is forced into marriage with the perpetrator" (page 8).more
May 1, 2018, 2:12 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Morocco overhauled its law [absolving rapists of punishment if they agree to marry their victim] in 2014 following the suicide of a 16-year-old girl and the attempted suicide of a 15-year-old, both of whom were forced to marry their rapists" (para 5).
May 1, 2018, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"Women are often forced to marry their rapist to protect family honor and avoid societal shame" (para 9).
April 10, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: United Arab Emirates
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"The Committee is concerned about violence against women resulting from the criminalization of consensual sexual relations between adults outside marriage, under article 356 of the Penal Code, as well as the use of that article to criminalize women in prostitution and women who are victims of trafficking, sexual exploitation and abuse. The Committee is concerned that, in all those cases, women face harsh sentences, such as prison sentences, torture and the death penalty, including inhuman, cruel or degrading punishment in the form of stoning or flogging, and that hundreds of women in the State party are reportedly serving sentences after being convicted of having had sexual intercourse outside of marriage...more
April 7, 2018, 11:16 a.m.
Countries: Brunei
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, MURDER-PRACTICE-1, DTCP-LAW-1

"The Committee is gravely concerned at the State party’s restrictive interpretation of sharia law and at the adverse impact on women’s human rights of the recently adopted Sharia Penal Code Order 2013, which, under its third phase of implementation, will impose the death penalty by stoning for several 'crimes', in particular adultery and extramarital relations ( zina). While noting that the same penalties apply to women and men, the Committee is seriously concerned that women are disproportionately affected by punishment for 'crimes' involving sex, and are at a higher risk of being convicted of adultery and extramarital relations, owing to discriminatory investigative policies and provisions on the weighing of evidence....more
April 4, 2018, 11:21 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3

"One night, while Sabiha, a 32-year-old woman, was working late at her medical laboratory job, the security guard - a relative of hers - raped her. As if that wasn’t traumatic enough, her family and community pressured her into marrying her rapist to remove the stigma they believe her rape placed on her family’s 'honor'...rather than a criminal attack on Sabiha, the rape was seen as an attack on the family’s reputation, which they felt could only be lessened by marrying her off" (para 2).