The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MAAO-PRACTICE-1

Sept. 11, 2017, 6:36 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"Among Afghan families, menstruation is a shameful secret. It is almost never discussed, even between mother and daughter, and girls often start their menses without understanding what is happening to them. Masculinity, on the other hand, is celebrated — male circumcision is a time for family parties" (para 2). "Fatima was 12 when her period started. The fear, shame and guilt are still raw and she struggles to describe her experiences. The older women in Fatima’s family warned her to never discuss the issue. All she needed to know was that her period was unclean, while anything related to her vagina was taboo" (para 3). "Afghan women’s entrance into adulthood ...more
March 14, 2017, 9:58 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"Aniva is known in Malawi as a 'hyena' man — someone hired by families to have sex with girls after their first menstruation" (para 2). "Why would people pay a man to have sex with young girls and women? According to Stewart, the practice is viewed as a way to ritually cleanse girls after their first period, usually within a three-day window. Some families tell girls they will get infections if they don't have sex with a 'hyena,' says Stewart" (para 6-7).
Feb. 1, 2017, 5:43 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"Social pressures, include an expectation in some communities, especially traditionally marginalized ones, that girls should marry soon after they begin menstruating, or even before. This makes child marriage not only accepted but expected in some communities. Lack of access to information about sexual and reproductive health, and access to contraceptive supplies, puts children at risk of a rushed marriage in response to, or in fear of, extramarital pregnancy" (para 12).
Feb. 1, 2017, 5:29 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"In some remote southern regions of Malawi, it's traditional for girls to be made to have sex with a paid sex worker known as a 'hyena' once they reach puberty. The act is not seen by village elders as rape, but as a form of ritual 'cleansing'" (para 1). "An hour's drive down the road, I'm introduced to Fagisi, Chrissie and Phelia, women in their 50s and custodians of the initiation traditions in their village. It's their job to organise the adolescent girls into camps each year, teaching them about their duties as wives and how to please a man sexually. The 'sexual cleansing' with the hyena is the final ...more
Feb. 29, 2016, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Ukraine
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

""No there are no specific rituals, observances, or celebrations at the onset of menarche." Natalya Bochkor" (1)
Aug. 13, 2015, 7:04 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"Girls as young as eight in Mozambique and Zambia are forced to go to camps or initiation ceremonies where they are shown how to please a man in bed in order to prepare them for married life, activists said at an international conference on ending child marriage. These sexual initiations begin once menstruation starts and sometimes involve sticks being inserted inside the girls, Persilia Muianga of international aid agency World Vision said. She added that some mothers force young daughters to sleep with a man in the belief this can bring on menstruation. Anglican priest Jackson Jones Katete said initiations in Zambia happen among girls between the ages of eight ...more
Aug. 13, 2015, 7:01 p.m.
Countries: Mozambique
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"Girls as young as eight in Mozambique and Zambia are forced to go to camps or initiation ceremonies where they are shown how to please a man in bed in order to prepare them for married life, activists said at an international conference on ending child marriage. These sexual initiations begin once menstruation starts and sometimes involve sticks being inserted inside the girls, Persilia Muianga of international aid agency World Vision said. She added that some mothers force young daughters to sleep with a man in the belief this can bring on menstruation. Anglican priest Jackson Jones Katete said initiations in Zambia happen among girls between the ages of eight ...more
June 25, 2015, 3:49 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"There are no common celebrations for the menarche".
Oct. 16, 2014, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"When Peninah Mamayi got her period last January, she was scared, confused and embarrassed. But like thousands of other girls in the developing world who experience menarche having no idea what menstruation is, Mamayi, who lives with her sister-in-law in a village in Tororo, eastern Uganda, kept quiet. 'When I went to the toilet I had blood on my knickers,' she told IPS. 'I was wondering what was coming out and I was so scared I ran inside the house and stayed there crying. I just used rags. I feared telling anybody'" (para. 1-3). "Breaking the culture of silence around menstruation is the aim of a new book, Understanding and ...more
Aug. 19, 2014, 12:20 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

“When a girl in India gets her first period, everyone tells her that she is impure because th eblood flowing out of her is dirty,' Chanam told IPS. 'So, she grows up convinced that this is a shameful thing that she must not discuss. The first challenge of an educator is to have the girl overcome this sense of shame and fear. Everything else comes after that,' added Chanam, who also runs a web-based campaign called ‘Breaking the Silence’ that encourages both women and men to openly discuss the issue" (para. 18-19)
June 7, 2013, 8:06 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"In Koppal, an impoverished district in Karnataka, virginity is for sale. When girls dedicated in local temples under the illegal devadasi system hit puberty, their virginity is auctioned off to the highest bidder. Traditionally girls in this district in south India undergo an 11-day purification ceremony following the onset of menstruation. The ‘first maturity’ ceremony, as they call it in Koppal, marks the transition into womanhood. Bheemakka, who doesn’t have a surname because she doesn’t know who her father is, went through the puberty ritual in March, but she wasn’t sold. The 11-year-old’s mother and grandmother are both devadasis, which means female servants of god. They were dedicated to the ...more
April 3, 2013, 4:28 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Yemen
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-1

"In the very poorest communities, for example in rural Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Yemen and Tanzania, thousands of little girls have been forcibly married, often before they reach the menarche, and widowed before they reach adulthood. They will have suffered much, physically and psychologically, prematurely pregnant, and giving birth long before their bodies are ready for such events. They have been denied a childhood. With no one to protect them, their futures are bleak as they bear the triple disabilities of gender, marital status, and being underage" (para 4)
March 19, 2013, 2:56 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"The girls, whose names I’ve changed here for the sake of their privacy, were also told: when you menstruate, don’t cook food because you will pollute it. Don’t touch idols because you will defile them. Don’t handle pickles because they will go rotten with your touch" (para 2)
Sept. 16, 2011, 1:48 p.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MAAO-PRACTICE-1

"No, there aren’t any rites, except for those practiced by the indigenous communities, such as enclosing the girls for some days or making special dances when they first menstruate. The mother gives the girl the “faldilla” (skirt) to start using it, and from then on it is understood that the girl can be ask in marriage."