The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MABFC-DATA-2

Nov. 10, 2017, 1:02 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"Obtaining accurate information regarding reproductive rights was difficult. The country’s initial report to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, submitted in 2002, claimed 'family planning is mapped out by individual families in view of their actual circumstances and in compliance with laws, regulations, morality, and customs…women have the decision of the spacing of children in view of their own wish, health condition, and the like. But usually the spacing of children is determined by the discussion between the wife and the husband.' Independent sources were not able to substantiate this claim"(13)
Nov. 3, 2017, 10:47 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"Fatima left her husband in June 2015 and, at the time of the interview, was applying for a divorce while staying in a private shelter. Her 14-year-old son was living with her family and her 4-year-old son was still with her husband. She wanted to have her children with her"(7)."Khadija (pseudonym), 23, married in 2011 [this report was published in 2016] and lived with her husband in Oujda. At the time of the interview, she had a 7-month-old son and was pregnant"(8)."Shayma (pseudonym), 38, lived in Salé with her husband and three children. She married him when she was in her late 20s"(9)
Jan. 26, 2017, 2:18 p.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"The increase in marriage during the war was accompanied by a substantial drop in marital fertility across all age groups other than adolescents. This suggests that a larger number of married women were using contraception both to space births and to stop childbearing. The increased use of birth control within marriage was certainly facilitated by the wider availability of family planning information and services following the regime change in 2003" (17).
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:08 p.m.
Countries: Lesotho
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Birth intervals continue to increase in Lesotho. The median birth interval has grown from 42.4 months in 2004 to 45.8 months in 2014” (71). “The median birth interval in Lesotho is 45.8 months. Eleven percent of all children in Lesotho are born within 24 months of a previous birth (Table 5.5 and Figure 5.4). Short birth intervals place newborns and their mothers at increased health risk” (73). “Birth intervals have increased modestly over the last decade in Lesotho, with the median interval growing by about 3 months between 2004 and 2014 (from 42.4 to 45.8 months). The proportion of children born too soon—after an interval of less than 24 months—has ...more
Oct. 8, 2016, 4:07 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Birth intervals are generally long in Bangladesh, with a median interval of 52 months. The median interval increased from 47 months in 2011. The proportion of women with a birth interval of less than 36 months declined from 32 percent in 2011 to 29 percent in 2014” (49). “The percentage of women who have never given birth is quite low (less than 2.5 percent) among all women age 35-44, indicating that childbearing among Bangladeshi women is nearly universal” (56). “Birth intervals are generally long in Bangladesh, with a median interval of 52 months. Lengthy breastfeeding and a long period of postpartum amenorrhea are likely to contribute to the relatively high ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 4:05 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Table 5.5 shows that 7 percent of births are less than 18 months apart and 23 percent have an interval of less than two years. Two in five births (39 percent) take place 24-35 months after the previous birth, and 20 percent occur 36-47 months after the previous birth” (72). “The median birth interval is 31.7 months, roughly the same as the median interval in the 2008 NDHS (31.4 months). Thirty-nine percent of all nonfirst births occur at least 36 months after the previous birth” (72). “The median number of months since the preceding birth increases markedly with age, from 26.3 months among mothers age 15-19 to 37.7 months among ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:55 p.m.
Countries: Namibia
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Table 4.7 shows that the overall median birth interval for Namibia is 42.3 months. In the five years preceding the survey 13 percent of children were born within 24 months after a preceding birth, 26 percent were born 2 to 3 years after their older sibling, and 42 percent were born 4 years or more after a preceding birth” (47). “The shortest birth intervals are observed among children born to women age 15-19 (24.7 months) and children whose preceding sibling died (30.4 months)” (47). “Birth intervals are longest for children born to women with higher than secondary education (47.6 months)” (47). “The median birth interval is 10 months longer in ...more
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Ghanaian women are amenorrhoeic for a median of 8.4 months, abstain for a median of 5.9 months, and are insusceptible to pregnancy for a median of 10.4 months” (59). “More than 1 in 10 non-first births (13 percent) occur after too short an interval following a preceding birth (less than 24 months)” (59). “The median birth interval in Ghana is 39 months, a slight decrease from the median of 40 months reported in the 2008 GDHS. More than 1 in 10 non-first births (13 percent) occur after too short an interval (less than 24 months) following a preceding birth” (65). “The median number of months since a preceding birth increases ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:55 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Table 5.5 shows that 7 percent of births are less than 18 months apart and 23 percent have an interval of less than two years. Two in five births (39 percent) take place 24-35 months after the previous birth, and 20 percent occur 36-47 months after the previous birth” (72). “The median birth interval is 31.7 months, roughly the same as the median interval in the 2008 NDHS (31.4 months). Thirty-nine percent of all nonfirst births occur at least 36 months after the previous birth” (72). “The median number of months since the preceding birth increases markedly with age, from 26.3 months among mothers age 15-19 to 37.7 months among ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:50 a.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Half of births occur within three years of a previous birth, with 18 percent occurring within 24 months” (xxi). “Half of births occur within three years of a previous birth, with 18 percent occurring within 24 months” (65). “Eighteen percent of Kenyan children are born less than 24 months after a previous birth. The most common birth interval category is 24-35 months (32 percent), while the least common birth interval is 7-17 months (7 percent)” (71). “The median birth interval is 36.3 months, a slight increase from 33.1 months in the 2008-09 KDHS. The median birth interval increases with the age of the mother, is longer for children whose preceding ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:47 a.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Table 5.5 shows that 7 percent of births are less than 18 months apart and 23 percent have an interval of less than two years. Two in five births (39 percent) take place 24-35 months after the previous birth, and 20 percent occur 36-47 months after the previous birth” (72). “The median birth interval is 31.7 months, roughly the same as the median interval in the 2008 NDHS (31.4 months). Thirty-nine percent of all nonfirst births occur at least 36 months after the previous birth” (72). “The median number of months since the preceding birth increases markedly with age, from 26.3 months among mothers age 15-19 to 37.7 months among ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:46 a.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Ten percent of women and 6 percent of men are living together with their partners, 3 percent of women and 4 percent of men are divorced or separated, and 6 percent of women and 1 percent of men are widowed” (27). “Data in Table 4.6 show that about 5 percent of births are less than 18 months apart and 16 percent have an interval of less than two years. Three in ten births are born 24-35 months after the previous birth, and 31 percent are at least three years apart” (54). “The median birth interval in Swaziland is 37.9 months. The median number of months since a preceding birth increases ...more
Sept. 12, 2016, 3:45 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“In the Philippines, the median interval between births is 35 months (Table 5.6). While 24 percent of births occur five or more years after a previous birth, a similar proportion, one in four non-first births, occurs within two years of a previous birth” (46). “Younger women have shorter birth intervals than older women. The median birth interval is 28 months for women age 20-29 and 51 months for women age 40 and older. There is a decreasing relationship between birth order and median birth interval, from 36 months for second and third births to 35 months for fourth through sixth births, and to 31 months for higher-order births (Figure 5.3)” ...more
Aug. 23, 2016, 5:13 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, AOM-PRACTICE-1, MABFC-DATA-1, MABFC-DATA-2, BR-DATA-1

"Early and mostly arranged marriages, frequent and early pregnancies are also important problems that are still seriously affecting women Turkey, especially those in rural areas"(para 16)
July 27, 2016, 10:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Birth intervals are generally long in Bangladesh, with a median interval of 47 months” (66). “Birth intervals are slightly longer in urban (55 months) than in rural (46 months) areas. There are marked differences in median birth intervals by administrative divisions. The median birth interval is longest in Khulna (61 months) and shortest in Sylhet (38 months)” (66). “The birth interval increases from 45 months among women with no education to 49 months among women with an incomplete secondary education and to 56 months among those with a complete secondary education or higher” (66). “Similarly, the median birth interval for the highest wealth quintile is nearly 5 years (57 months), ...more
July 27, 2016, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Half of all non-first births occurred at least 36 months after the previous birth, while 17 percent occurred less than 24 months after” (63). “The median duration of postpartum insusceptibility to pregnancy is 18.0 months among women with a recent birth” (63). “The median length of birth interval in Sierra Leone is 36.0 months, which is roughly the same as the median interval in the 2008 SLDHS (36.2 months)” (68). “The table further shows that 5 percent of non-first births occur after an interval of less than 18 months, and 12 percent are born after an interval of 18-23 months. One in three births (34 percent) occurs 24-35 months after ...more
May 3, 2016, 11:32 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"At the same time, the age of the mother at the time of birth of her children is rising: the proportion of children born of a mother aged under 25 is now only 10.9%" (6).
May 1, 2016, 2:08 p.m.
Countries: Rwanda
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Table 4.6 shows that a relatively low 9 percent of births occur less than 18 months after the preceding birth and that 13 percent of children are born 18 to 24 months after the birth of the preceding sibling, or a total of 22 percent of births with a birth interval of less than 24 months. However, a large proportion of births (38 percent) occur between 24 and 36 months after the preceding birth, and about 41 percent occur 36 or more months after the birth of the older sibling” (30). “The median duration of the birth intervals in Rwanda is nearly three years (32.5 months), which means that half ...more
April 30, 2016, 2:05 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Results from the 2007 IDHS indicate that half of births occurred 54.6 months after the previous birth, and 57 percent of births were occurred 48 months or more after the previous birth” (xxiv). “About 6 percent of births are less than 18 months apart and 13 percent have an interval of less than two years. Seventeen percent of births are born 24-35 months after the previous birth, and 70 percent are at least three years apart” (54). “The overall median birth interval is 54.6 months, a slight increase from the 2002-2003 IDHS, which was 54.2 months” (54). “The median number of months since the preceding birth increases substantially with age, ...more
April 27, 2016, 7:31 p.m.
Countries: Zambia
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“More than half of births (53 percent) occur within three years of a previous birth, with 16 percent occurring within 2 years after another birth” (67). “The median birth interval in Zambia is 35 months, a small increase from 34 months in 2007. The median number of months since a preceding birth increases significantly with age, from 25 months among mothers age 15-19 to 40 months among mothers age 40-49” (72). “The median birth interval is 7 months shorter among births in which the previous sibling is dead than among births in which the previous sibling is alive (28 months and 35 months, respectively)” (73). “According to the 2013-14 ZDHS ...more
April 27, 2016, 9:05 a.m.
Countries: Sierra Leone
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“In Sierra Leone, only 18 percent of births occur within 24 months of a previous birth” (xxiii). “The interval between births is relatively long; the median interval is 36 months” (xxiii). “The overall median birth interval in Sierra Leone is 36.2 months, 12.2 months higher than the birth interval of 24 months recommended in the National Population Policy” (58). “The data indicate that the longest birth intervals occur among women with secondary or higher education (45.9 months) and women in households in the highest wealth quintile (44.7 months)” (58). “Urban women have longer birth intervals than their rural counterparts (40.1 and 35.3 months, respectively). Looking at regions, the shortest birth ...more
April 26, 2016, 2:17 p.m.
Countries: Cambodia
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Thirty-seven percent of births occur within three years of a previous birth; 13 percent occur within 24 months” (67). “In 2014, 13 percent of non-first births in Cambodia occurred less than 24 months after the preceding birth (as compared with 16 percent in 2010 and 18 percent in 2005), with 5 percent occurring less than 18 months after the preceding birth. Sixty-three percent of women gave birth at least 36 months after the previous birth, an improvement over the figure from the 2010 CDHS (58 percent)” (74). “The overall median birth interval was 43.8 months. This means that half of the births in Cambodia occur within 43.8 months of the ...more
April 26, 2016, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“One-fifth of non-first births were born within 24 months of a prior birth, an interval which has been shown to place a child at higher risk of mortality” (39). “Birth intervals during the period were relatively long. About four-fifths of births took place at least two years after a prior birth and more than half of the births took place at least 3 years after a prior birth. The median interval was 36.7 months, which was slightly shorter than the median interval observed at the time of the 2008 EDHS (37.5 months). Overall, one-fifth of non-first births were born too soon after a prior birth, i.e., within 24 months of ...more
April 26, 2016, 2:15 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

“Births in Yemen are too closely spaced; 30 percent occur within 24 months after a previous birth” (41). “The data show that 30 percent of children in Yemen are born after too short an interval (less than 24 months after a preceding birth). This proportion is particularly high for children of young mothers age 15-19, 58 percent of whom are born less than 24 months after a prior birth” (46). “The median birth interval in Yemen is 32 months. The median interval is shorter among births to women under age 30 than among births to older mothers. The length of the birth interval varies by survival status of the previous ...more
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Croatia
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"According to the mother’s age, the majority of births occur between the ages of 25 and 29 (96.5 births per 1,000 women of that age), followed by births between the ages of 30-34 (82.3 births per 1,000 women of that age), and between the ages of 20-24 (54.9 births per 1,000 women of that age)" (53)
Oct. 14, 2015, 11:02 p.m.
Countries: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"The average age of first-time mothers in 2004 was 24.3 years, and in 2007 it was 24.8 years. The average age of mothers giving birth to the second, third and fourth child has increased for one or two years while the average age of mothers giving birth to the fifth child is 34" (78)
Aug. 14, 2015, 3:31 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"With regard to birth spacing, in Colombia there has been an increase in the period between pregnancies, which is currently 48 months, six months longer than in 2005 (42 months). The birth interval increases with the mother’s age: it is 37 months for women aged between 20 and 29 years compared with 66 months for women aged between 30 and 39 years. The death of a child shortens the time before a woman has another child: if the previous child has died, the interval falls to 31 months whereas, if the previous child is still alive, a new birth occurs after 48 months" (121)
Jan. 2, 2015, 7:51 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"According to current fertility rates, women will have 23 percent of their children before reaching age 20, on average. They will have more than half of their children (55 percent) during their twenties, and one-fifth during their thirties" (47). "Birth intervals are generally long in Bangladesh, with a median interval of 44 months...Fifteen percent of children are born after an interval that is considered “too short,” i.e., less than 24 months. The median birth interval is substantially shorter for teenage mothers (25 months). Just under half of births to mothers age 15-19 follow an interval of less than 24 months." (54). "The median birth interval is 18 months shorter when ...more
Jan. 2, 2015, 6:40 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

Table 5.5 Birth intervals. "Birth intervals are generally moderately long in the Kyrgyz Republic, with a median interval of 36 months, indicating that over half of all births follow the recommended birth interval of at least 36 months. Nevertheless, more than one-quarter of births (26 percent) take place less than 24 months after a previous birth. Both of these figures represent a slight improvement since 1997, when the corresponding figures were 32 months and 30 percent. Regional-level data from the 1997 KgDHS are not available except for Bishkek, where 28 percent of births in 1997 were spaced less than 24 months apart, as compared with 24 percent in 2012 (RIOP ...more
Jan. 2, 2015, 2:42 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: MABFC-DATA-2

"Table 5.5 shows the distribution of births in the five years before the survey by the interval since the preceding birth, according to various background and demographic characteristics. The median birth interval in Liberia is 37.4 months. About 16 percent of all children are born after too short an interval (less than 24 months). The median interval is shorter among births to women under age 30 than among births to older mothers. The median birth interval in urban areas (40.9 months) is slightly higher than in rural areas (35.6 months). Among urban areas, the median birth interval is higher in Greater Monrovia (44.2 months) than in other urban areas (37.7 ...more