The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

April 9, 2019, 12:57 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The legal minimum age of marriage for girls is 13, but girls as young as nine years old may be married with permission from the court and their fathers. (37).
April 5, 2019, 8:26 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forcing a UK citizen into marriage anywhere in the world is a criminal offense in England and Wales" (p. 17).
March 29, 2019, 5:33 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: TRAFF-LAW-1, LDS-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The law prohibits subjecting a child to any social or customary practice that is harmful to health or general development. Prohibited practices included child trafficking, forced labor, early and forced marriage or betrothal, and use of children as security for loans or other debts" (para 97).
March 25, 2019, 2:20 p.m.
Countries: Liberia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The 2011 National Children’s Act sets the marriage age for all persons at 18, while the Domestic Relations Act sets the minimum marriage age at 21 for men and 18 for women. The Equal Rights of the Traditional Marriage Act of 1998 permits a girl to marry at age 16" (25).
March 19, 2019, 7:13 a.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriages are illegal, invalid, and punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment" (p. 19).
March 18, 2019, 2:22 p.m.
Countries: South Korea
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The minimum legal age for men and women to marry is 18. There were no reported cases of forced marriage" (20).
March 18, 2019, 7:25 a.m.
Countries: France
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law provides for the prosecution of forced marriage cases, even when the marriage occurred abroad" (p. 19).
March 14, 2019, 3:31 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: INFIB-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party to combat harmful practices within its territory and abroad, including the adoption of legislation specifically criminalizing child and/or forced marriage and female genital mutilation and the comprehensive, periodically renewed action plan, which can be characterized as a good practice, to combat those harmful practices and crimes in the name of so called honour. It also welcomes the fact that the State party was one of the first countries to criminalize hate speech, including online sexual hate speech and online revenge porn" (6).
March 12, 2019, 12:43 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law provides that the minimum age for marriage is 18 years old for men and 17 years old for women" (20).
March 11, 2019, 11:13 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriage and early marriage are considered crimes (…) girls. Forced marriage or bride kidnapping of minor girls are considered crimes and are punished under article 122 of the Criminal Code (art. 125 — Sexual relations with a minor, and art. 126 — Kidnapping)" (19). "The parties getting married must confirm their consent not only in writing, but also at the marriage registration ceremony. This requirement is one of the conditions for the protection of human rights in cases of coercion and bride theft, which are criminal offences" (41). "There is no provision in domestic legislation for the betrothal of children, which is in violation of the Code. No case...more
March 8, 2019, 7:07 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law prohibits forced marriage and provides penalties of up to five years in prison or violations" (p. 16).
March 6, 2019, 7:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The EVAW law criminalizes 22 acts of violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance" (26). "The law criminalizes forced, underage, and 'baad' marriages (the practice of settlying disputes in which the culprit's family trades a girl to the victim's family) and interference with a woman's right to choose her spouse" (27). "Under the EVAW law, those who arrange forced or underage marriages are subject to imprisonment for not less than two years, but implementation of the law was limited" (29). "By law a marriage contract requires verification that the bride is 16 years of age (or 15 with the permission of...more
March 1, 2019, 11:52 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

The Qatari Family Act, article 17, provides that “the marriage of a boy under 18 years of age or a girl under 16 years of age shall only be certified with the approval of the guardian, verification of the consent of both parties to the contract, and the approval of the competent judge”. Even where guarantees for conclusion of a marriage contract for a girl under 18, which consist of 'approval of the guardian, verification of the consent of both parties to the contract, and permission and a licence from a competent judge', are met, the behaviour of a minor must be taken into account – whether or not it...more
Feb. 25, 2019, 4:02 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"In 2015, the country passed the Marriage, Divorce and Family Relations Act, raising the age of child marriage to 18 years. But there was a loophole in the constitution – meaning girls as young as 15 could get married with parental consent" (para. 5).
Feb. 23, 2019, 11:34 a.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"With regard to the prohibition of the betrothal and marriage of children, the following provisions of the revised Family Code, in line with article 48 of the Child Protection Act of 2009, have been formalized: Article 352: 'Men and women under the age of 18 years may not enter into marriage'; Article 357: 'Children, even if emancipated, may not enter into marriage'" (13).
Feb. 6, 2019, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A parliamentary motion banning child marriage in Iran has been rejected by Majles (parliament)" (para. 1). "The Islamic Republic’s civil code stipulates that the legal age of marriage in Iran is thirteen for girls and fifteen for boys. However, the civil code allows girls as young as nine to marry with the consent of their father or the permission of a judge" (para. 12).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by law, the practice of kidnapping women and girls for forced marriage continued. According to NGOs Kyz Korgon and the Women’s Support Center, an average of at least 32 women and girls were kidnapped daily. Previous independent studies estimated that as many as 50 percent of all marriages in the country involved bride kidnapping" (Pg 24)."Although illegal, the practice of bride kidnapping continued (see section 6, Women). The kidnapping of underage brides remained underreported" (Pg 27).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Forced Marriage etc. (Protection and Jurisdiction) Scotland Act… made it a criminal offence to force a person into marriage" (35).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the legalization of child marriage" (pg. 3). "The Committee is particularly concerned about the non-imposition of criminal charges against a kidnapper and rapist who marries his victim with the consent of her guardian" (pg. 4). "Exceptions to the prohibition of child marriage, given that the legal age of marriage remains 15 years for girls" (pg. 13).
Jan. 14, 2019, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

"During the conflict, the children were born as the offspring of consensual yet invalid marriages—contracted solely through a reading of the Fatiha, the first chapter of the Qur’an—or in circumstances of a forced union or rape" (Para 3).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"It is forbidden to force or hinder another individual’s marriage" (Pg 37).
Jan. 3, 2019, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"[Saudi Arabia] also has a law stating that all women must have a male guardian, typically a husband, father or brother, who gives them permission to study, travel abroad or marry" (para 9).
Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Last year, Malawi's parliament passed a law forbidding marriage before the age of 18" (para 10). "Realising that she couldn't change the traditionally set mentality of parents, Kachindamoto instead changed the law. She got her 50 sub-chiefs to sign an agreement to abolish early marriage under customary law, and annul any existing unions in her area of authority...She then drew community members, the clergy, local committees and charities together to pass a bylaw that banned early marriage under the civil law" (para 32-35).
Dec. 14, 2018, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Senior Chief Inkosi Kachindamoto annulled over 300 marriages, thereby applying the country’s new laws regarding child marriage. In April, President Peter Mutharika signed into a law a ban on child marriage, setting the minimum age requirement for marriage in the country at 18" (para 2).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"If an adult who has sexual relations with a minor between ages 15 and 18, the penalty is between three months and four years in prison. An adult who has sexual relations with a minor under age 15 is liable to a penalty ranging from eight to 30 years in prison" (p. 21).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"If an adult who has sexual relations with a minor between ages 15 and 18, the penalty is between three months and four years in prison. An adult who has sexual relations with a minor under age 15 is liable to a penalty ranging from eight to 30 years in prison" (p. 21).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by law, the practice of kidnapping women and girls for forced marriage continued in some remote areas. The law prescribes a prison sentence of eight to 10 years for kidnapping. A person who voluntarily releases an abductee is absolved of criminal responsibility if, in this action, he/she did not commit another offense. . . . If a complaint is filed, the government is obliged to take action on it but rarely did so" (page 28-29).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law states that a virgin woman or girl wishing to wed needs the consent of her father or grandfather or the court’s permission, even if she is over the age of 18" (para 155)
Oct. 5, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forcing someone to marry against their will is a criminal offence that carries a maximum sentence of seven years. A forced marriage is defined as one in which one or both spouses do not consent to the union, and violence, threats or any other form of coercion are involved" (14-15).
Oct. 4, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, MARR-LAW-1

"From now on, someone who abuses a woman on the street can be sentenced to six months in prison while someone who forces a minor into marriage can get one year" (para 5).