The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In the case of criminal act entering into illegal marriage a more serious form is envisaged if another person is forced or threatened to enter into marriage" (page 12). "Amendments to the Criminal Code from 2013 introduced a number of new solutions. In the case of criminal act Concluding a void marriage from the Article 214 a graver form of offence is defined in the case that a person is by force or threat compelled to conclude marriage. In the case of criminal act Extramarital community with a minor from the Article 216 a graver form is supplemented by a qualificatory circumstance when the offence was committed by the use...more
July 24, 2018, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"During the year forcing a UK citizen into marriage anywhere in the world became a criminal offense in England and Wales. The new law provides for a maximum prison sentence of seven years" (17). "In Scotland the law provides for protection against forced marriage without free and full consent and for protecting persons who have been forced into marriage without such consent" (17-18).
July 17, 2018, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Social, economic, and cultural values promoted the practice of early and forced marriages, especially common in the Dalit and Madhesi communities. The law sets penalties for violations according to the age of the girls involved in child marriage. The penalty includes both a prison sentence and fine, with the fees collected going to the girl involved. The civil code provides that the government must take action whenever a case of child marriage is filed with authorities" (33).
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"New Zealand takes the issue of forced marriage and underage marriage very seriously. Forced marriage is unlawful in that a marriage without consent can be voided. Underage marriage is also unlawful. The Government may consider strengthening legislation as part of its review of family violence legislation . . . Government agencies are committed to a collective response, should victims of forced or underage marriage come forward" (page 43). "New Zealand law prohibits marriage under the age of 16. A person aged 16 or 17 years requires consent from his or her parents or from the Family Court before the Registrar can issue a marriage licence. Only the marrying couple can...more
June 25, 2018, 8:57 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law prohibits forced marriage and provides for penalties of up to five years in prison, and denies permission to enter the country to visa applicants suspected of involvement in a forced marriage. Victims of forced marriage already residing in the country may remain and may change their marital status from “married” to “single” without a requirement to record a divorce" (15). "Forcing a person to marry is punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment" (17).
June 16, 2018, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The mother, who cannot be named for legal reasons to protect the identity of the victim, was convicted of deceiving the victim to go to Pakistan, in order to enter into a false marriage, forced marriage and perjury, after she later lied about the incident in the High Court" (para 7). "Opening the case, prosecutor Deborah Gould said the victim was 'a young girl who has been let down badly by her mother, whose love and attention she craves'. As the verdicts were read, the defendant appeared shocked and was remanded in custody for sentencing on Wednesday, as her daughter watched from the public gallery Judge Patrick Thomas QC told...more
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the criminalization of child and/or forced marriage" (13).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Australian Government has taken a strong stance on child, early and forced marriage, including by introducing comprehensive offences in the Commonwealth Criminal Code Act 1995. The Australian Federal Police has specialised teams to investigate forced marriage. These work in close collaboration with state and territory police" (Pg 22).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Pursuant to the Marriage Act, Cap 50, marriage in Fiji shall be the voluntary union of one man to one woman to the exclusion of all other and solemnized by either the registrar general, district registrar, registered marriage officer and registered church minister" (40).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Federal Act on Measures against Forced Marriages, in 2013" (Pg 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, intersex genital mutilation, child marriage and forced marriage" (Pg 7).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"Amendments to the Criminal Code (Laws No. 44/2013 and No. 23/2012) criminalizing domestic violence, marital rape, sexual abuse and harassment, forced marriage and other forms of gender-based violence" (Pg 2).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriage is prohibited under article 376 of the Criminal Code" (16).
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In June 2013, the Afghan Parliament considered and rejected a measure that would have made it illegal for men to marry girls under the age of 16. Opponents believed the measure went against Islamic principles" (Pg 12).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In Kuwait, marital issues are regulated by the Personal Status Act. This gives a woman the right to choose a husband and conclude a marriage contract only with her consent. A woman’s choice of husband is established in law and a father may not compel his daughter to marry. It is explicitly stipulated in the Personal Status Act that the right of choice and consent are limited to the two contracting parties only (the husband and wife)" (30).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s combined second to fifth periodic reports (CEDAW/C/MDG/5) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: (a) Law to combat trafficking in persons, which criminalizes forced marriage, among other forms of exploitation, in 2014" (page 1). "The Committee is concerned: (a) That there is no legislation specifically criminalizing violence against women, in particular child and/or forced marriage and marital rape, and that there is no comprehensive policy framework to address such violence; . . . The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To adopt legislation to criminalize all acts of violence...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more
March 19, 2018, 2:54 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Recent legal changes in Civil Law (Article 1041, amended in 1982, and later in 2000) to allow a guardian himself to marry a female child who has not yet attained puberty is an excellent example of what Iran considers careful custodianship by a guardian," (11).
March 14, 2018, 12:08 p.m.
Countries: Swaziland
Variables: ERBG-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-LAW-1, IAD-LAW-1

"The Committee also notes with concern that a number of draft laws and policies with an important bearing on women’s rights, such as the bills on marriage, administration of estates, transnational crime, employment, legal aid, sexual offences and domestic violence and the land policy, are pending, with no specific time frame for their adoption" (page 2).
March 9, 2018, 8:49 a.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Child Protection Law was promulgated by Royal Decree No. M/4 of 03/02/1436 A.H. (26/11/2014). The law aims to protect children age 18 and below from abuse and neglect. It defines child abuse or neglect to include causing the interruption of a child’s education, child abuse, harassment or exploitation of a child, use of indecent language that degrades a child’s dignity and discrimination against a child for any ethnic, social or economic reason" (8). The stipulation that one cannot interrupt a child's education could be used to prevent child marriages (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "The issuance of Ministry of Justice Circular No. 13/T/2599 on 13/2/1426 A.H. (10/4/2004). The circular states...more
Feb. 28, 2018, 5:36 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"For the first time in Kenya’s history, the new law defines the institution of Marriage. According to section 3(1) Marriage is defined as a voluntary union between a man and a woman" (37).
Feb. 23, 2018, 8:47 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

"Only marriage concluded by state civil registration service creates rights and obligations between spouses. Art. 11 of the Family Code provides the following conditions for conclusion of marriage: the existence of the mutual, uncorrupted consent, expressed personally and unconditionally by the woman and the man who are getting married, provided that they have reached the age when marriage is allowed. Also, the persons who want to get married shall inform each other about their health condition" (Pg 44).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Legislation in force penalizes anyone who marries or conducts a marriage ceremony for a girl under 15 years of age, or abets the conduct of such a marriage ceremony, with imprisonment of up to 2 years" (23). "The sharia justice system has taken a number of measures to prevent women from being exploited for prostitution. Those measures include Circular No. 40/2004 which was issued to protect women from falling victim to sexual exploitation after marrying men residing abroad. In such cases, judges and marriage officiants must verify that the bride has given her consent without coercion and is over the age of 18" (24). "The personal status codes in force...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The implementation of the various action plans in the area of men’s violence against women adopted by the Government since 2007 (at a cost of almost SEK 2 billion (ca EUR 200 million)) has resulted in a substantially higher level of ambition in work to prevent and combat men’s violence against women" (page 11) (Coder Comment: see footnote 1: “Action plan to stop and prevent young people being married against their will (Communication 2009/19:229) - ARR). "On 1 July 2014 several laws were amended to strengthen the protection against forced marriage and child marriage. For more information see article 16" (page 13). "Since the start of the century the Government...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee [...] notes with concern [...] the extremely high rate of child marriage, with 92 percent of girls between 15 and 19 years in rural areas married before reaching the age of 18. Furthermore, the scope of article 376 of the Criminal Code prohibiting child and forced marriage is restricted to civil marriages and not those conducted pursuant to traditional or religious law, under which most child and forced marriages are administered, "(6).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the absence of gender- based criteria and legal advice to apply provisions under the new Civil and Commercial Code (art. 440), allowing the marriage of persons under 18 years of age based on the authorization of judicial authorities" (17).
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"One of the proposed amendments could allow child marriages of girls at age nine" (para 2).
Jan. 11, 2018, 9:53 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"While in Tanzania Child Marriage is Legal where girls are allowed to get married at 14 years under parents consent and 15 years legally while boys are to marry at 18 years according to the Law of Marriage Act 1971" (para 4).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings and established the necessity of a minimum age and mutual consent in marriage" (para 3). "An administrative order dating back to 1973 forbade Muslim Tunisian women from marrying non-Muslims (though Tunisian men were not subject to this restriction)" (para 4). "in mid-September of this year, Essebsi revoked the 1973 administrative order and gave women the right to marry outside of the Muslim faith" (para 5).
Dec. 28, 2017, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Child marriage is illegal in India, but it is deeply rooted and accepted in society, and remains widespread in parts of the country" (para 2).