The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Last year, Malawi's parliament passed a law forbidding marriage before the age of 18" (para 10). "Realising that she couldn't change the traditionally set mentality of parents, Kachindamoto instead changed the law. She got her 50 sub-chiefs to sign an agreement to abolish early marriage under customary law, and annul any existing unions in her area of authority...She then drew community members, the clergy, local committees and charities together to pass a bylaw that banned early marriage under the civil law" (para 32-35).
Dec. 14, 2018, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Senior Chief Inkosi Kachindamoto annulled over 300 marriages, thereby applying the country’s new laws regarding child marriage. In April, President Peter Mutharika signed into a law a ban on child marriage, setting the minimum age requirement for marriage in the country at 18" (para 2).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"If an adult who has sexual relations with a minor between ages 15 and 18, the penalty is between three months and four years in prison. An adult who has sexual relations with a minor under age 15 is liable to a penalty ranging from eight to 30 years in prison" (p. 21).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"If an adult who has sexual relations with a minor between ages 15 and 18, the penalty is between three months and four years in prison. An adult who has sexual relations with a minor under age 15 is liable to a penalty ranging from eight to 30 years in prison" (p. 21).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by law, the practice of kidnapping women and girls for forced marriage continued in some remote areas. The law prescribes a prison sentence of eight to 10 years for kidnapping. A person who voluntarily releases an abductee is absolved of criminal responsibility if, in this action, he/she did not commit another offense. . . . If a complaint is filed, the government is obliged to take action on it but rarely did so" (page 28-29).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law states that a virgin woman or girl wishing to wed needs the consent of her father or grandfather or the court’s permission, even if she is over the age of 18" (para 155)
Oct. 5, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forcing someone to marry against their will is a criminal offence that carries a maximum sentence of seven years. A forced marriage is defined as one in which one or both spouses do not consent to the union, and violence, threats or any other form of coercion are involved" (14-15).
Oct. 4, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, MARR-LAW-1

"From now on, someone who abuses a woman on the street can be sentenced to six months in prison while someone who forces a minor into marriage can get one year" (para 5).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Further, she wanted the Anti-FGM Board, a body created to help eradicate FGM/C and early marriage, also declared unconstitutional" (para. 2).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"[The Constitution] states: Men and women of full legal age shall have the right, upon their consent, to marry and to found a family freely, without any discrimination and they shall have equal rights and duties as to all family affairs" (4). "According to the NCCE minimum age for marriage is 18 years for both sexes.18 It was 15 years for women and 18 years for men in the Ethiopian Civil Code of 1960. This was amended by Proclamation No. 2/1991 to 18 years of age for both sexes and the same age is maintained in the NCCE" (5). "The Constitution of Eritrea is very explicit in this regard and...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-1

"Legal guardians can marry off girls below 13 and boys before 15 years of age pending a judge’s approval" (para 4).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The legislature has addressed shortcomings in the application of the Personal Status Law by amending it to ensure women’s optimal obtainment of their rights. An example is the refusal of a woman’s guardian to marry her off. Royal Decree No. 55/2010 permits a woman to resort directly to the sharia court chamber in the Supreme Court if her guardian refuses to marry her off. A woman may also appeal a judgment directly to his Majesty the Sultan. During 2010-2015, 263 such cases were admitted (see annex 3 — Number of legal actions concerning refusal to marry off a woman registered with the sharia court)" (Pg 7). "According to the Judicial...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriage is a criminal offence under the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, including taking someone abroad or into the UK for such a purpose. But lawyers have argued the offence should come under the Modern Slavery Act 2015 to make the penalties more severe, while it also allows for criminals to be ordered to pay compensation to their victims. United Nations advisor Parosha Chandran added there had been ‘no proper legal consideration’ of the element of slavery in a forced marriage" (para 19-21). "The Birmingham case was just the second conviction of forced marriage in the UK since 2014 and the first to include evidence from a...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:46 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Muslim girls under the minimum legal marriage age of 16 can wed with the consent of the Shariah court and their parents. Muslim men in Malaysia can marry four wives" (para. 3).
Sept. 12, 2018, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Norway approved a law banning all child marriage on Tuesday (22/05/2018) ...The Nordic country has a minimum age of 18, but allows 16- and 17-year-olds to marry with parental consent and permission from the county governor" (Par. 1, 2). "The law will also ban Norwegians from marrying abroad if either party is under 18" (Par. 14).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"While forced marriage is among the acts prohibited under human trafficking EU law adopted by Britain in 2013, the legal provision has not translated to policy" (para. 17). "There have been just two convictions for forced marriage since it was criminalised in 2014" (para. 21).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A reform of the penal code approved in January categorizes forced marriage as a crime punishable by from six months to three years and six months in prison. Forced marriage carries similar penalties that, until now, the law categorized as coercion...In December 2014 the Catalan regional government, the regional police, and other local institutions approved a protocol to fight against forced marriage in the province of Girona. The protocol, which is the first of its kind in the country, holistically emphasizes the prevention, detection, assistance, reporting, monitoring, and protection of the victims" (14).
Sept. 6, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law against forced conversion [passed by the Sindh Assembly] is a good attempt to halt the first case scenario by criminalising forced conversions, and providing protection to its victims. It declares that people under the age of 18 could not be registered as having converted until they reached the age of majority — this to bring conversions in line with the legal age of marriage in Sindh (also 18)" (para 4). The first case referred to in this quote is women being kidnapped and forced into marriage under the guise of conversion to Islam (MAD - CODER COMMENT). "A forced conversion followed by a prompt marriage may be frowned...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"During the year forcing a UK citizen into marriage anywhere in the world became a criminal offense in England and Wales. The new law provides for a maximum prison sentence of seven years" (17). "In Scotland the law provides for protection against forced marriage without free and full consent and for protecting persons who have been forced into marriage without such consent" (17-18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law prohibits forced marriage and provides for penalties of up to five years in prison, and denies permission to enter the country to visa applicants suspected of involvement in a forced marriage. Victims of forced marriage already residing in the country may remain and may change their marital status from “married” to “single” without a requirement to record a divorce" (15). "Forcing a person to marry is punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Social, economic, and cultural values promoted the practice of early and forced marriages, especially common in the Dalit and Madhesi communities. The law sets penalties for violations according to the age of the girls involved in child marriage. The penalty includes both a prison sentence and fine, with the fees collected going to the girl involved. The civil code provides that the government must take action whenever a case of child marriage is filed with authorities" (33).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"The contradictions between the provisions of the Magna Carta of Women and those of the Code of Muslim Personal Laws and customary laws applicable to Muslim and indigenous communities, which provide for unequal relations between husband and wife, including harmful practices such as polygamy and child and forced marriage, as well as unequal practices with respect to inheritance" (page 15).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In the case of criminal act entering into illegal marriage a more serious form is envisaged if another person is forced or threatened to enter into marriage" (page 12). "Amendments to the Criminal Code from 2013 introduced a number of new solutions. In the case of criminal act Concluding a void marriage from the Article 214 a graver form of offence is defined in the case that a person is by force or threat compelled to conclude marriage. In the case of criminal act Extramarital community with a minor from the Article 216 a graver form is supplemented by a qualificatory circumstance when the offence was committed by the use...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"New Zealand takes the issue of forced marriage and underage marriage very seriously. Forced marriage is unlawful in that a marriage without consent can be voided. Underage marriage is also unlawful. The Government may consider strengthening legislation as part of its review of family violence legislation . . . Government agencies are committed to a collective response, should victims of forced or underage marriage come forward" (page 43). "New Zealand law prohibits marriage under the age of 16. A person aged 16 or 17 years requires consent from his or her parents or from the Family Court before the Registrar can issue a marriage licence. Only the marrying couple can...more
June 16, 2018, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The mother, who cannot be named for legal reasons to protect the identity of the victim, was convicted of deceiving the victim to go to Pakistan, in order to enter into a false marriage, forced marriage and perjury, after she later lied about the incident in the High Court" (para 7). "Opening the case, prosecutor Deborah Gould said the victim was 'a young girl who has been let down badly by her mother, whose love and attention she craves'. As the verdicts were read, the defendant appeared shocked and was remanded in custody for sentencing on Wednesday, as her daughter watched from the public gallery Judge Patrick Thomas QC told...more
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the criminalization of child and/or forced marriage" (13).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Australian Government has taken a strong stance on child, early and forced marriage, including by introducing comprehensive offences in the Commonwealth Criminal Code Act 1995. The Australian Federal Police has specialised teams to investigate forced marriage. These work in close collaboration with state and territory police" (Pg 22).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Pursuant to the Marriage Act, Cap 50, marriage in Fiji shall be the voluntary union of one man to one woman to the exclusion of all other and solemnized by either the registrar general, district registrar, registered marriage officer and registered church minister" (40).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Federal Act on Measures against Forced Marriages, in 2013" (Pg 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, intersex genital mutilation, child marriage and forced marriage" (Pg 7).