The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Allegations of forced marriages have increased more than 600 per cent since it was criminalised in 2013" (para 1). "The Melbourne man is likely to become the first person to be convicted under federal forced-marriage laws which came into effect in 2013, the Herald Sun reported" (para 12-13).
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"There are organizations that are trying to stop child marriages since it was outlawed in the eighties" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 6:32 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "Local authorities have discovered his plans to marry a child. So they’re going to have to hold the wedding ceremony in secret" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 19:26 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 10, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law states that a male person above the age of 18 contracting a child marriage shall be liable to imprisonment up to a maximum period of one month and or with a fine up to Rs. 1000. The law provides punishment for the male parents or guardian of the child. Furthermore, whoever performs, conduct or directs a child marriage can also be punished with simple imprisonment extending up to one month, or fine extending up to Rs.1000 or both, unless he proves that he had reason to believe that the marriage was not a child marriage" (10). "In March 2015, The Punjab Assembly enacted the Punjab Child Marriage Restraint ...more
Aug. 3, 2017, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The betrothal of children, by which is meant an agreement between the fathers for the marriage of their young children, is socially and legally unacceptable and is not practiced at all in Omani society, unless a girl below the age of 18 is reckoned to be a child. Omani law stipulates that 16 is the age of consent. (CEDAW State Party Report, July 2010)"
July 31, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Georgia is trying to comply with human rights protection requirements from the European Union by abolishing provisions that allow child marriage. Until recently, there was a provision that allowed such marriages in 'special circumstances' with the consent of a court. That was struck down in January" (para 4).
July 28, 2017, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The Children's Act 1998 Section 14. Right to refuse betrothal and marriage. 1) No person shall force a child: a) to be betrothed; b) to be the subject of a dowry transaction; or c) to be married. 2) The minimum age of marriage of whatever kind shall be eighteen years"
July 28, 2017, 8:31 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Pakistan has outlawed child marriage and toughened penalties for those guilty of the crime in an effort to crack down on the practice...The legislation passed by the National Assembly, or lower house of parliament, on Monday, also bans forced marriage involving women from minority groups. Under the new law, offenders will face a minimum of five years in prison and may serve up to 10 years. They also face a fine of up to 1 million rupees ($9,547). Before the change in law, offenders faced a minimum of three years in prison and a fine of 500,000 rupees" (para 1-4).
July 26, 2017, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Child marriage is prohibited in Turkey. Since 2001, the Civil Code has a specific clause outlawing forced as well as underage marriage, by which the legal consenting age is stated to be 18 for men and women" (para 6).
July 15, 2017, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

¨In a country with one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world, Chief Theresa Kachindamoto is dismantling child marriage—about 850 unions in three years, according to Al Jazeera and more than 300 in one month, according to UN Women.Malawi recently passed a law making marriage under the age of 18 illegal, but in many villages, custom supersedes law. The backlash was immediate, with some telling Kachindamoto she had no right to overturn tradition. She’s ignored the death threats, and is instead lobbying the government to increase marriageable age to 21¨(para 1-2)
July 5, 2017, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"This step comes after the adoption of the domestic violence law in April 2014 that guarantees more protection for women and children from violence in a household. But organizations still ask for this law to be changed to improve protection for women, as well as a regulation against early marriage" (para 10).
June 22, 2017, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A new Bangledeshi law that lets children be married could effectively reduce the minimum age of marriages to zero, according to campaign group Girls Not Brides. Last week [March 2017] legislators amended the country's marriage laws to let under-18s wed in 'special cases' for 'the greater good of the adolescent' and with parental and court consent. Girls Not Brides has criticised the new rules saying the provision does not define 'special cases' or 'greater good' - leaving the law open to interpretation, or to legitimise statutory rape. In a statement released on Wednesday, the group said the consent provision would also not prevent children being forced into marriage. The statement ...more
June 21, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Under the New York law, judges will be given guidelines to help them decide whether a prospective bride or groom is entering a marriage freely at age 17" (p 11)
June 20, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like Conditions and People Trafficking) Act 2012, was passed through parliament in 2013. It makes forced marriage a crime punishable by a jail sentence of four to seven years" (p 17-18)
June 14, 2017, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"A new provision in the Child Marriage Restraint Act, which dates to 1929, allows girls under the age of 18 to marry in some circumstances" (para 2).
June 12, 2017, 9:11 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Girls under the age of 18 can be married off by their parents in undefined special circumstances under a new Bangladesh law passed this week. The Bangladesh Parliament approved the new legislation by a voice vote Monday. It allows exceptions to the minimum marriage age, currently set at 18 for women and 21 for men. Under the Child Marriage Restraint Bill 2017, parents or guardians can get a court order to allow children to be married if it is in their 'best interests'. There is no minimum age for when these special considerations can apply, nor any definition of what 'best interests' could mean, but human rights groups are concerned ...more
June 11, 2017, 12:01 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"U.S. lawmakers are strongly at odds with U.S. foreign policy. The U.S. Global Strategy to Empower Adolescent Girls, released last year [2016] by the State Department, lists reducing child, early and forced marriage as a key goal. The strategy includes harsh words about marriage before 18, declaring it a ‘human rights abuse’ that ‘produces devastating repercussions for a girl’s life, effectively ending her childhood’ by forcing her ‘into adulthood and motherhood before she is physically and mentally mature’" (p 7)
June 11, 2017, 12:01 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"...some state lawmakers have resisted passing legislation to end child marriage — because they wrongly fear that such measures might unlawfully stifle religious freedom or because they cling to the notion that marriage is the best solution for a teen pregnancy" (p 6)
June 11, 2017, 12:01 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Ending child marriage should be simple. Every state can pass the legislation I’ve helped write to eliminate exceptions that allow marriage before age 18 — or set the marriage age higher than 18, in states where the age of majority is higher. New Jersey is the closest state to doing this, with a bill advancing in the legislature that would end all marriage before 18. Massachusetts recently introduced a similar bill. But when Virginia passed a bill last year to end child marriage, legislators added an exception for emancipated minors as young as 16, even though the devastating effects of marriage before 18 do not disappear when a girl is ...more
May 22, 2017, 7:10 a.m.
Countries: Gambia, Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, ATC-DATA-5, RISW-PRACTICE-1

“Sierra Leone also became the 15th African country to join the African Union campaign to end ‘child marriage’ in August. (The Gambia and Tanzania ruled to ban 'child marriage' in July)” (para 7).
May 18, 2017, 7:34 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Pakistani lawmakers had to withdraw a bill aimed at curbing the practice of child marriage after a prominent religious body declared the legislation un-Islamic. The bill, which proposed raising the marriage age for females from 16 to 18, also called for harsher penalties for those who would arrange marriages involving children" (para 1-2).
March 23, 2017, 9:12 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Bangladesh will be taking a step backwards in efforts to end child marriage if parliament approves changes to a law which would permit girls below 18 to be married in 'special cases', a global alliance of charities said on Thursday...Statements made by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina suggest exceptions would apply in instances of accidental pregnancy, or where a marriage would help to protect a girl's 'honour' and the family's reputation in this largely conservative society" (para 1-7).
March 23, 2017, 8:44 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"The Court considered whether by permitting girls under the age of 18 to marry by third party consent, Sections 13 and 17 of the Marriage Act CAP R.E. 2002 (Marriage Act) violate the right to equality, the right to expression and receipt of information as provided for under Articles 12, 13, 18 and 21 of the Constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania 1977 (Constitution). The Court held that the differential treatment of girls and boys by the impugned provisions, which permitted the girl-child to marry underage with the consent of a third party (such as a parent or guardian) was discriminatory and infringed the right to equality. The Court ...more
March 9, 2017, 12:50 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"Forced child marriage, while illegal, remained a problem" (16).
March 8, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriages are illegal, invalid, and punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment" (18). "Forced marriages are invalid and illegal--punishable by a prison sentence of up to five years" (20).
March 7, 2017, 6:57 p.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"By way of a regional comparison, Islamic authorities in neighboring Kazakhstan have as recently as last year issued orders for mosques to desist from performing religious marriage rites without a state-issued marriage certificate, but many have reportedly flouted that edict" (para 6).
March 7, 2017, 6:54 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Lawmakers in Kyrgyzstan have provoked outrage in some quarters by rejecting proposals to change the criminal code that would have outlawed the religious consecration of marriage rites for minors" (para 1). "In addition to being patently illegal, women and young girls forced into marriages or subjected to bride-kidnapping are at a high risk of committing suicide. Kidnapping and then forcing minors into marriages is already subject to penalties of up to seven years in jail, but the provision backed by Salyanova would have tightened this proscription further. Salyanova’s bill was supported by 44 MPs and opposed by 61" (para 8-10).
March 7, 2017, 10:54 a.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The constitution states, 'marriage shall be based on the free and full consent of the intended parties,' although in many villages, girls reportedly were forced to marry at a young age" (23).
March 3, 2017, 5:03 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In the series, viewers also meet Lina, a twenty-one year old American college student born in Yemen, but raised in Modesto, California. During a school break, her father took her to Yemen for what he said was a visit to her sick grandmother. But not long after her arrival, he introduced her to the man she would have to marry. She tried everything to avoid the marriage, including reaching out to the U.S. Embassy, but she found everyone was powerless to help, including her own American government, which found itself bound by local laws" (para 3).
March 3, 2017, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"According to the Tahirih Justice Center, only nine states have criminal statutes on forced marriage – and no prosecutions have developed as a result. In the past year, four states have taken steps to pass legislation to end child marriage following a New York Times op-ed that brought national attention to 'America’s Child-Marriage Problem.' New York was the first state to introduce a bill to end child marriage in November 2015, followed by Virginia, Maryland, and New Jersey. While the bills died in New York and Maryland, and legislative action is ongoing in New Jersey, the bill was signed into law in Virginia in March 2016. According to the nonprofit ...more