The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Legislation in force penalizes anyone who marries or conducts a marriage ceremony for a girl under 15 years of age, or abets the conduct of such a marriage ceremony, with imprisonment of up to 2 years" (23). "The sharia justice system has taken a number of measures to prevent women from being exploited for prostitution. Those measures include Circular No. 40/2004 which was issued to protect women from falling victim to sexual exploitation after marrying men residing abroad. In such cases, judges and marriage officiants must verify that the bride has given her consent without coercion and is over the age of 18" (24). "The personal status codes in force ...more
Feb. 7, 2018, 10:37 a.m.
Countries: Sweden
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The implementation of the various action plans in the area of men’s violence against women adopted by the Government since 2007 (at a cost of almost SEK 2 billion (ca EUR 200 million)) has resulted in a substantially higher level of ambition in work to prevent and combat men’s violence against women" (page 11) (Coder Comment: see footnote 1: “Action plan to stop and prevent young people being married against their will (Communication 2009/19:229) - ARR). "On 1 July 2014 several laws were amended to strengthen the protection against forced marriage and child marriage. For more information see article 16" (page 13). "Since the start of the century the Government ...more
Jan. 31, 2018, 6:14 p.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee [...] notes with concern [...] the extremely high rate of child marriage, with 92 percent of girls between 15 and 19 years in rural areas married before reaching the age of 18. Furthermore, the scope of article 376 of the Criminal Code prohibiting child and forced marriage is restricted to civil marriages and not those conducted pursuant to traditional or religious law, under which most child and forced marriages are administered, "(6).
Jan. 23, 2018, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Nevertheless, the Committee notes with concern the absence of gender- based criteria and legal advice to apply provisions under the new Civil and Commercial Code (art. 440), allowing the marriage of persons under 18 years of age based on the authorization of judicial authorities" (17).
Jan. 15, 2018, 9:10 a.m.
Countries: Iraq
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"One of the proposed amendments could allow child marriages of girls at age nine" (para 2).
Jan. 11, 2018, 9:53 a.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"While in Tanzania Child Marriage is Legal where girls are allowed to get married at 14 years under parents consent and 15 years legally while boys are to marry at 18 years according to the Law of Marriage Act 1971" (para 4).
Jan. 8, 2018, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Since 1956, the Code of Personal Status (CSP), granted equality in divorce proceedings and established the necessity of a minimum age and mutual consent in marriage" (para 3). "An administrative order dating back to 1973 forbade Muslim Tunisian women from marrying non-Muslims (though Tunisian men were not subject to this restriction)" (para 4). "in mid-September of this year, Essebsi revoked the 1973 administrative order and gave women the right to marry outside of the Muslim faith" (para 5).
Dec. 28, 2017, 4:06 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Child marriage is illegal in India, but it is deeply rooted and accepted in society, and remains widespread in parts of the country" (para 2).
Dec. 14, 2017, 10:13 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Though baad is a criminal offense under the Afghan Penal Code, the law only protects widows and women above the age of 18 – cold comfort for the high number of adolescent women who are hurt and endangered by the practice. Despite being partially criminalized for almost 40 years, Human Rights Watch found through interviews that many women and Jirga members were not even aware of the law" (para 10).
Dec. 13, 2017, 11:35 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Provincial assemblies, meanwhile, have made some strides in bringing about legislation ensuring justice for women — including the Sindh Early Marriage Restraint Act, 2013" (para 4).
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The UN body said it was concerned about child sexual exploitation and abuse committed under the Iranian law which allows for a marriage between the 'father and adopted child, paving a path for sexual abuse of children.' In its recommendations, the committee urged to ensure that those responsible for the approval of forced and child marriage, including judges, parents, guardians, religious or traditional leaders are held accountable" (para 6). "In a submission to the UN CRC, JFI [Justice for Iran] had urged the committee to take appropriate measures against the discriminatory laws and practices of child marriage and compulsory veiling of children in Iran. Many JFI recommendations were adopted by ...more
Nov. 30, 2017, 6:12 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Provincial assemblies, meanwhile, have made some strides in bringing about legislation ensuring justice for women — including the Sindh Early Marriage Restraint Act, 2013" (para 3). The Sindh Early Marriage Restraint Act prohibits child marriage and punishes violators with imprisonment (CODER COMMENT-BCT).
Nov. 30, 2017, 4:53 p.m.
Countries: Belgium
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Belgium is one of the first EU countries to have specifically criminalized forced marriage" (para 10).
Nov. 10, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, MARR-LAW-1

"Under sustained pressure from Arab women’s groups, Lebanon has followed in the footsteps of Jordan and other Arab countries in repealing a law that gives rapists amnesty from prosecution if they marry their victims" (p 1)
Nov. 6, 2017, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The number of child marriages has been falling, but every state in America still allows underage girls to marry, typically with the consent of parents, a judge or both. Twenty-seven states do not even set a minimum age by statute, according to the Tahirih Justice Center’s Forced Marriage Initiative" (para 9). "In New Hampshire, a girl scout named Cassandra Levesque learned that girls in her state could marry at 13" (para 11). "New Jersey lawmakers passed a bill that would make their state the first in the country to ban marriages of people under 18, but Gov. Chris Christie this month blocked the legislation. New York legislators are considering a ...more
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Zimbabwe is yet to come up with laws to criminalize child marriages despite last year’s court ruling that outlawed the practice by striking out section 22(1) of the Marriage Act which allowed under-aged marriage in contravention of section 78(1) of the Constitution which sets 18 years as the minimum age" (para 18).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:49 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"The parliament of Chad in December last year adopted a reform of its penal code which raises the legal marriage age from 16 to 18. Chadian President Idriss Deby also promulgated a law that punishes any person party to the marriage of a minor by 5 to 10 years prison sentence and a fine of 500,000 to 5 million FCFA (750 to 7,500 euros)" (para 16-17).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:43 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"This year, Malawi joined the likes of Gambia and Tanzania to ban child marriage after it raised the legal marriage age to 18...Former Gambian President Yahya Jammeh prohibited the practice which is now punishable by twenty years imprisonment" (para 12-14).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"This year, Malawi joined the likes of Gambia and Tanzania to ban child marriage after it raised the legal marriage age to 18. Perpetrators of child marriages in Malawi commit an offense punishable by five years imprisonment and a fine of about $143" (para 12-13).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Tanzania’s Attorney General George Masaju has appealed against a July 2016 ruling by the High Court raising the marriage age for girls from 15 to 18. The court struck out the Sections 13 and 17 of the Law of Marriage Act that allowed girls to marry at the age of 14 and 15, and then 18 years for boys after it was petitioned by girls’ rights advocate Rebeca Gyumi" (para 1-2). "The outdated law allowed girls to marry at the age of fourteen with the consent of the court, and from the age of fifteen with the consent of their parents" (para 7). "In Tanzania, a court ruled as unconstitutional ...more
Oct. 30, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"the Egyptian Child Law bans marriage for girls under 18" (para 4). "'Egypt’s personal status law does not criminalize customary marriages of underage girls. All it does is prevent registration of a marriage for girls under 18, in terms of documentation, without [expressly] banning the marriage of girls under 18'" (para 13). "As for efforts to address the spreading phenomenon, Egyptian Minister of Health and Population Ahmed Emad el-Din said Oct. 12 that the National Population Council was in the process of preparing a bill to outlaw child marriage, in cooperation with the Ministry of Justice, the Public Prosecution and the National Council for Women" (para 16).
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"'Right now there is no national minimum age of marriage in the United States. Virginia passed legislation recently which has won some headlines talking about how it is one of the first states to pass this age of 18 minimum for young women who are looking to get married and young men'" (1). This from an interview with Gayle Tzemach Lemmon at 1:36 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A few things became clear through my reporting [on child marriage in the United States]: 1) This was happening across communities and across the country. 2) No one knew what to do about it; no law prevented the practice, but a patchwork of strategies involving communities and the courts had begun to evolve in fighting it" (para 10). "Advocates I had met back in 2012 and 2013 had taken their fight to the statehouse and begun to lobby and to push to change state laws, since age of marriage laws in the United States are decided at the state level. In the case of Virginia, a new law establishing 18 ...more
Oct. 20, 2017, 10:45 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"Malawi set the pace this year by banning child marriage – a traditional practice that has seen half the country’s girls end up as child brides. One female chief took it upon herself to annul over 300 child marriages and asked them to return to school" (para 8).
Oct. 19, 2017, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Marriages in India are considered to involve a child if the woman is below 18 or the man younger than 21. Men both above and below the legal age may marry child brides" (para 12).
Oct. 11, 2017, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"While Malaysian civil law sets the minimum age of marriage at 18, the law is riddled with exceptions. Girls 16 and older can marry with permission of their state’s chief minister. For Muslims, Islamic law sets a 16-year minimum age for girls and permits even earlier marriages, with no apparent minimum, with the permission of a syariah court" (para 8-10).
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Although it's illegal to get married under 18 in Jordan, the practice is increasingly common among Syrian refugees.In 2015, 35% of all Jordan marriages involved a minor, up from 18% in 2012, according to the Jordanian Higher Population Council, citing statistics from the Chief Islamic Justice Department. But religious judges in Jordan may authorize marriages involving children as young as 15, provided they believe the child’s best interests are taken into account"(para 7)."Nariman’s sister, Busra, 14, said she didn’t want to get married, but when her father asked her to say yes to a boy who spotted her in school, she was afraid to say no. On what would have ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14 ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Allegations of forced marriages have increased more than 600 per cent since it was criminalised in 2013" (para 1). "The Melbourne man is likely to become the first person to be convicted under federal forced-marriage laws which came into effect in 2013, the Herald Sun reported" (para 12-13).