The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
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Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

Oct. 5, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forcing someone to marry against their will is a criminal offence that carries a maximum sentence of seven years. A forced marriage is defined as one in which one or both spouses do not consent to the union, and violence, threats or any other form of coercion are involved" (14-15).
Oct. 4, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, MARR-LAW-1

"From now on, someone who abuses a woman on the street can be sentenced to six months in prison while someone who forces a minor into marriage can get one year" (para 5).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Further, she wanted the Anti-FGM Board, a body created to help eradicate FGM/C and early marriage, also declared unconstitutional" (para. 2).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"[The Constitution] states: Men and women of full legal age shall have the right, upon their consent, to marry and to found a family freely, without any discrimination and they shall have equal rights and duties as to all family affairs" (4). "According to the NCCE minimum age for marriage is 18 years for both sexes.18 It was 15 years for women and 18 years for men in the Ethiopian Civil Code of 1960. This was amended by Proclamation No. 2/1991 to 18 years of age for both sexes and the same age is maintained in the NCCE" (5). "The Constitution of Eritrea is very explicit in this regard and...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-1

"Legal guardians can marry off girls below 13 and boys before 15 years of age pending a judge’s approval" (para 4).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The legislature has addressed shortcomings in the application of the Personal Status Law by amending it to ensure women’s optimal obtainment of their rights. An example is the refusal of a woman’s guardian to marry her off. Royal Decree No. 55/2010 permits a woman to resort directly to the sharia court chamber in the Supreme Court if her guardian refuses to marry her off. A woman may also appeal a judgment directly to his Majesty the Sultan. During 2010-2015, 263 such cases were admitted (see annex 3 — Number of legal actions concerning refusal to marry off a woman registered with the sharia court)" (Pg 7). "According to the Judicial...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriage is a criminal offence under the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, including taking someone abroad or into the UK for such a purpose. But lawyers have argued the offence should come under the Modern Slavery Act 2015 to make the penalties more severe, while it also allows for criminals to be ordered to pay compensation to their victims. United Nations advisor Parosha Chandran added there had been ‘no proper legal consideration’ of the element of slavery in a forced marriage" (para 19-21). "The Birmingham case was just the second conviction of forced marriage in the UK since 2014 and the first to include evidence from a...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:46 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Muslim girls under the minimum legal marriage age of 16 can wed with the consent of the Shariah court and their parents. Muslim men in Malaysia can marry four wives" (para. 3).
Sept. 12, 2018, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Norway approved a law banning all child marriage on Tuesday (22/05/2018) ...The Nordic country has a minimum age of 18, but allows 16- and 17-year-olds to marry with parental consent and permission from the county governor" (Par. 1, 2). "The law will also ban Norwegians from marrying abroad if either party is under 18" (Par. 14).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"While forced marriage is among the acts prohibited under human trafficking EU law adopted by Britain in 2013, the legal provision has not translated to policy" (para. 17). "There have been just two convictions for forced marriage since it was criminalised in 2014" (para. 21).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A reform of the penal code approved in January categorizes forced marriage as a crime punishable by from six months to three years and six months in prison. Forced marriage carries similar penalties that, until now, the law categorized as coercion...In December 2014 the Catalan regional government, the regional police, and other local institutions approved a protocol to fight against forced marriage in the province of Girona. The protocol, which is the first of its kind in the country, holistically emphasizes the prevention, detection, assistance, reporting, monitoring, and protection of the victims" (14).
Sept. 6, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law against forced conversion [passed by the Sindh Assembly] is a good attempt to halt the first case scenario by criminalising forced conversions, and providing protection to its victims. It declares that people under the age of 18 could not be registered as having converted until they reached the age of majority — this to bring conversions in line with the legal age of marriage in Sindh (also 18)" (para 4). The first case referred to in this quote is women being kidnapped and forced into marriage under the guise of conversion to Islam (MAD - CODER COMMENT). "A forced conversion followed by a prompt marriage may be frowned...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"During the year forcing a UK citizen into marriage anywhere in the world became a criminal offense in England and Wales. The new law provides for a maximum prison sentence of seven years" (17). "In Scotland the law provides for protection against forced marriage without free and full consent and for protecting persons who have been forced into marriage without such consent" (17-18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law prohibits forced marriage and provides for penalties of up to five years in prison, and denies permission to enter the country to visa applicants suspected of involvement in a forced marriage. Victims of forced marriage already residing in the country may remain and may change their marital status from “married” to “single” without a requirement to record a divorce" (15). "Forcing a person to marry is punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Social, economic, and cultural values promoted the practice of early and forced marriages, especially common in the Dalit and Madhesi communities. The law sets penalties for violations according to the age of the girls involved in child marriage. The penalty includes both a prison sentence and fine, with the fees collected going to the girl involved. The civil code provides that the government must take action whenever a case of child marriage is filed with authorities" (33).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"The contradictions between the provisions of the Magna Carta of Women and those of the Code of Muslim Personal Laws and customary laws applicable to Muslim and indigenous communities, which provide for unequal relations between husband and wife, including harmful practices such as polygamy and child and forced marriage, as well as unequal practices with respect to inheritance" (page 15).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In the case of criminal act entering into illegal marriage a more serious form is envisaged if another person is forced or threatened to enter into marriage" (page 12). "Amendments to the Criminal Code from 2013 introduced a number of new solutions. In the case of criminal act Concluding a void marriage from the Article 214 a graver form of offence is defined in the case that a person is by force or threat compelled to conclude marriage. In the case of criminal act Extramarital community with a minor from the Article 216 a graver form is supplemented by a qualificatory circumstance when the offence was committed by the use...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"New Zealand takes the issue of forced marriage and underage marriage very seriously. Forced marriage is unlawful in that a marriage without consent can be voided. Underage marriage is also unlawful. The Government may consider strengthening legislation as part of its review of family violence legislation . . . Government agencies are committed to a collective response, should victims of forced or underage marriage come forward" (page 43). "New Zealand law prohibits marriage under the age of 16. A person aged 16 or 17 years requires consent from his or her parents or from the Family Court before the Registrar can issue a marriage licence. Only the marrying couple can...more
June 16, 2018, 2:29 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The mother, who cannot be named for legal reasons to protect the identity of the victim, was convicted of deceiving the victim to go to Pakistan, in order to enter into a false marriage, forced marriage and perjury, after she later lied about the incident in the High Court" (para 7). "Opening the case, prosecutor Deborah Gould said the victim was 'a young girl who has been let down badly by her mother, whose love and attention she craves'. As the verdicts were read, the defendant appeared shocked and was remanded in custody for sentencing on Wednesday, as her daughter watched from the public gallery Judge Patrick Thomas QC told...more
May 13, 2018, 6:48 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-1, LRW-LAW-1, LRW-LAW-2, LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, IAW-LAW-1, DV-PRACTICE-1, DV-LAW-1, DV-LAW-2

"The EVAW law criminalizes violence against women, including rape, battery, or beating; forced marriage; humiliation; intimidation; and deprivation of inheritance, although its implementation remained limited. The law provides for a sentence of 16 to 20 years’ imprisonment for rape. If the act results in the death of the victim, the law provides for a death sentence for the perpetrator. The law provides for imprisonment of up to seven years for the “violation of chastity of a woman...that does not result in adultery (such as sexual touching).” Under the law, rape does not include spousal rape. The law was not widely understood, and some in the public and the religious communities...more
May 5, 2018, 3:12 p.m.
Countries: Slovenia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the criminalization of child and/or forced marriage" (13).
May 4, 2018, 10:03 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Australian Government has taken a strong stance on child, early and forced marriage, including by introducing comprehensive offences in the Commonwealth Criminal Code Act 1995. The Australian Federal Police has specialised teams to investigate forced marriage. These work in close collaboration with state and territory police" (Pg 22).
April 20, 2018, 3:05 p.m.
Countries: Fiji
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Pursuant to the Marriage Act, Cap 50, marriage in Fiji shall be the voluntary union of one man to one woman to the exclusion of all other and solemnized by either the registrar general, district registrar, registered marriage officer and registered church minister" (40).
April 14, 2018, 3:43 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Federal Act on Measures against Forced Marriages, in 2013" (Pg 2). "The Committee welcomes the adoption of legislative and other measures to combat harmful practices, including female genital mutilation, intersex genital mutilation, child marriage and forced marriage" (Pg 7).
April 11, 2018, 9:04 p.m.
Countries: Albania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, DV-LAW-1

"Amendments to the Criminal Code (Laws No. 44/2013 and No. 23/2012) criminalizing domestic violence, marital rape, sexual abuse and harassment, forced marriage and other forms of gender-based violence" (Pg 2).
April 11, 2018, 9:23 a.m.
Countries: Burkina Faso
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriage is prohibited under article 376 of the Criminal Code" (16).
April 7, 2018, 11:12 a.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In June 2013, the Afghan Parliament considered and rejected a measure that would have made it illegal for men to marry girls under the age of 16. Opponents believed the measure went against Islamic principles" (Pg 12).
April 6, 2018, 10:56 a.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In Kuwait, marital issues are regulated by the Personal Status Act. This gives a woman the right to choose a husband and conclude a marriage contract only with her consent. A woman’s choice of husband is established in law and a father may not compel his daughter to marry. It is explicitly stipulated in the Personal Status Act that the right of choice and consent are limited to the two contracting parties only (the husband and wife)" (30).
April 3, 2018, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Madagascar
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee welcomes the progress achieved since the consideration in 2008 of the State party’s combined second to fifth periodic reports (CEDAW/C/MDG/5) in undertaking legislative reforms, in particular the adoption of the following legislation: (a) Law to combat trafficking in persons, which criminalizes forced marriage, among other forms of exploitation, in 2014" (page 1). "The Committee is concerned: (a) That there is no legislation specifically criminalizing violence against women, in particular child and/or forced marriage and marital rape, and that there is no comprehensive policy framework to address such violence; . . . The Committee calls upon the State party: (a) To adopt legislation to criminalize all acts of violence...more
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, CONST-LAW-1

"The Committee notes that many provisions of the Convention have been incorporated into national law through the adoption of relevant legislation, in particular the Women’s Act in 2010. It remains concerned, however, that the legislation does not adequately address female genital mutilation, marital rape or child marriage. It also remains concerned about the constitutional provision under which the prohibition of discrimination does not apply in respect of adoption, marriage, divorce, burial and devolution of property upon death and the fact that these issues are regulated under personal law, which contains discriminatory provisions, some of which are re-enacted in the Women’s Act. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Harmonize...more