The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

Nov. 10, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: LRW-PRACTICE-3, LRW-LAW-4, MARR-LAW-1

"Under sustained pressure from Arab women’s groups, Lebanon has followed in the footsteps of Jordan and other Arab countries in repealing a law that gives rapists amnesty from prosecution if they marry their victims" (p 1)
Nov. 6, 2017, 4:04 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The number of child marriages has been falling, but every state in America still allows underage girls to marry, typically with the consent of parents, a judge or both. Twenty-seven states do not even set a minimum age by statute, according to the Tahirih Justice Center’s Forced Marriage Initiative" (para 9). "In New Hampshire, a girl scout named Cassandra Levesque learned that girls in her state could marry at 13" (para 11). "New Jersey lawmakers passed a bill that would make their state the first in the country to ban marriages of people under 18, but Gov. Chris Christie this month blocked the legislation. New York legislators are considering a ...more
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:51 p.m.
Countries: Zimbabwe
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Zimbabwe is yet to come up with laws to criminalize child marriages despite last year’s court ruling that outlawed the practice by striking out section 22(1) of the Marriage Act which allowed under-aged marriage in contravention of section 78(1) of the Constitution which sets 18 years as the minimum age" (para 18).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:49 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"The parliament of Chad in December last year adopted a reform of its penal code which raises the legal marriage age from 16 to 18. Chadian President Idriss Deby also promulgated a law that punishes any person party to the marriage of a minor by 5 to 10 years prison sentence and a fine of 500,000 to 5 million FCFA (750 to 7,500 euros)" (para 16-17).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:43 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"This year, Malawi joined the likes of Gambia and Tanzania to ban child marriage after it raised the legal marriage age to 18...Former Gambian President Yahya Jammeh prohibited the practice which is now punishable by twenty years imprisonment" (para 12-14).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:41 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"This year, Malawi joined the likes of Gambia and Tanzania to ban child marriage after it raised the legal marriage age to 18. Perpetrators of child marriages in Malawi commit an offense punishable by five years imprisonment and a fine of about $143" (para 12-13).
Nov. 2, 2017, 4:32 p.m.
Countries: Tanzania
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Tanzania’s Attorney General George Masaju has appealed against a July 2016 ruling by the High Court raising the marriage age for girls from 15 to 18. The court struck out the Sections 13 and 17 of the Law of Marriage Act that allowed girls to marry at the age of 14 and 15, and then 18 years for boys after it was petitioned by girls’ rights advocate Rebeca Gyumi" (para 1-2). "The outdated law allowed girls to marry at the age of fourteen with the consent of the court, and from the age of fifteen with the consent of their parents" (para 7). "In Tanzania, a court ruled as unconstitutional ...more
Oct. 30, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"the Egyptian Child Law bans marriage for girls under 18" (para 4). "'Egypt’s personal status law does not criminalize customary marriages of underage girls. All it does is prevent registration of a marriage for girls under 18, in terms of documentation, without [expressly] banning the marriage of girls under 18'" (para 13). "As for efforts to address the spreading phenomenon, Egyptian Minister of Health and Population Ahmed Emad el-Din said Oct. 12 that the National Population Council was in the process of preparing a bill to outlaw child marriage, in cooperation with the Ministry of Justice, the Public Prosecution and the National Council for Women" (para 16).
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:51 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"'Right now there is no national minimum age of marriage in the United States. Virginia passed legislation recently which has won some headlines talking about how it is one of the first states to pass this age of 18 minimum for young women who are looking to get married and young men'" (1). This from an interview with Gayle Tzemach Lemmon at 1:36 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Oct. 27, 2017, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A few things became clear through my reporting [on child marriage in the United States]: 1) This was happening across communities and across the country. 2) No one knew what to do about it; no law prevented the practice, but a patchwork of strategies involving communities and the courts had begun to evolve in fighting it" (para 10). "Advocates I had met back in 2012 and 2013 had taken their fight to the statehouse and begun to lobby and to push to change state laws, since age of marriage laws in the United States are decided at the state level. In the case of Virginia, a new law establishing 18 ...more
Oct. 20, 2017, 10:45 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"Malawi set the pace this year by banning child marriage – a traditional practice that has seen half the country’s girls end up as child brides. One female chief took it upon herself to annul over 300 child marriages and asked them to return to school" (para 8).
Oct. 19, 2017, 12:09 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Marriages in India are considered to involve a child if the woman is below 18 or the man younger than 21. Men both above and below the legal age may marry child brides" (para 12).
Oct. 11, 2017, 3:22 p.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"While Malaysian civil law sets the minimum age of marriage at 18, the law is riddled with exceptions. Girls 16 and older can marry with permission of their state’s chief minister. For Muslims, Islamic law sets a 16-year minimum age for girls and permits even earlier marriages, with no apparent minimum, with the permission of a syariah court" (para 8-10).
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:25 p.m.
Countries: Jordan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Although it's illegal to get married under 18 in Jordan, the practice is increasingly common among Syrian refugees.In 2015, 35% of all Jordan marriages involved a minor, up from 18% in 2012, according to the Jordanian Higher Population Council, citing statistics from the Chief Islamic Justice Department. But religious judges in Jordan may authorize marriages involving children as young as 15, provided they believe the child’s best interests are taken into account"(para 7)."Nariman’s sister, Busra, 14, said she didn’t want to get married, but when her father asked her to say yes to a boy who spotted her in school, she was afraid to say no. On what would have ...more
Sept. 22, 2017, 4:24 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Omaima Hoshan [living in a refugee camp in Jordan since 2012 but originally from Syria], 14, wasn’t really aware of early marriage until her best friend dropped out of school in the fifth grade. Omaima was very concerned. Her friend was an excellent student — the best in their class — and had always dreamed about becoming a doctor, so why would she leave school? Omaima learned from the teacher that her friend had married her 18-year-old cousin under pressure from her father. The girl hadn’t even turned 13 yet. Omaima never saw her again.From that day, Omaima noticed more girls leaving school as young as 12, 13 or 14 ...more
Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 31, 2017, 9:34 a.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Allegations of forced marriages have increased more than 600 per cent since it was criminalised in 2013" (para 1). "The Melbourne man is likely to become the first person to be convicted under federal forced-marriage laws which came into effect in 2013, the Herald Sun reported" (para 12-13).
Aug. 30, 2017, 2:41 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"There are organizations that are trying to stop child marriages since it was outlawed in the eighties" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 6:32 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT). "Local authorities have discovered his plans to marry a child. So they’re going to have to hold the wedding ceremony in secret" (1). This is a quote from the narrator at 19:26 (TPJ - CODER COMMENT).
Aug. 10, 2017, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law states that a male person above the age of 18 contracting a child marriage shall be liable to imprisonment up to a maximum period of one month and or with a fine up to Rs. 1000. The law provides punishment for the male parents or guardian of the child. Furthermore, whoever performs, conduct or directs a child marriage can also be punished with simple imprisonment extending up to one month, or fine extending up to Rs.1000 or both, unless he proves that he had reason to believe that the marriage was not a child marriage" (10). "In March 2015, The Punjab Assembly enacted the Punjab Child Marriage Restraint ...more
Aug. 3, 2017, 10:24 a.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"The betrothal of children, by which is meant an agreement between the fathers for the marriage of their young children, is socially and legally unacceptable and is not practiced at all in Omani society, unless a girl below the age of 18 is reckoned to be a child. Omani law stipulates that 16 is the age of consent. (CEDAW State Party Report, July 2010)"
July 31, 2017, 3:24 p.m.
Countries: Georgia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, RISW-PRACTICE-1

"Georgia is trying to comply with human rights protection requirements from the European Union by abolishing provisions that allow child marriage. Until recently, there was a provision that allowed such marriages in 'special circumstances' with the consent of a court. That was struck down in January" (para 4).
July 28, 2017, 1:32 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The Children's Act 1998 Section 14. Right to refuse betrothal and marriage. 1) No person shall force a child: a) to be betrothed; b) to be the subject of a dowry transaction; or c) to be married. 2) The minimum age of marriage of whatever kind shall be eighteen years"
July 28, 2017, 8:31 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Pakistan has outlawed child marriage and toughened penalties for those guilty of the crime in an effort to crack down on the practice...The legislation passed by the National Assembly, or lower house of parliament, on Monday, also bans forced marriage involving women from minority groups. Under the new law, offenders will face a minimum of five years in prison and may serve up to 10 years. They also face a fine of up to 1 million rupees ($9,547). Before the change in law, offenders faced a minimum of three years in prison and a fine of 500,000 rupees" (para 1-4).
July 26, 2017, 1:03 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Child marriage is prohibited in Turkey. Since 2001, the Civil Code has a specific clause outlawing forced as well as underage marriage, by which the legal consenting age is stated to be 18 for men and women" (para 6).
July 15, 2017, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

¨In a country with one of the highest rates of child marriage in the world, Chief Theresa Kachindamoto is dismantling child marriage—about 850 unions in three years, according to Al Jazeera and more than 300 in one month, according to UN Women.Malawi recently passed a law making marriage under the age of 18 illegal, but in many villages, custom supersedes law. The backlash was immediate, with some telling Kachindamoto she had no right to overturn tradition. She’s ignored the death threats, and is instead lobbying the government to increase marriageable age to 21¨(para 1-2)
July 5, 2017, 4:22 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"This step comes after the adoption of the domestic violence law in April 2014 that guarantees more protection for women and children from violence in a household. But organizations still ask for this law to be changed to improve protection for women, as well as a regulation against early marriage" (para 10).
June 22, 2017, 12:06 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A new Bangledeshi law that lets children be married could effectively reduce the minimum age of marriages to zero, according to campaign group Girls Not Brides. Last week [March 2017] legislators amended the country's marriage laws to let under-18s wed in 'special cases' for 'the greater good of the adolescent' and with parental and court consent. Girls Not Brides has criticised the new rules saying the provision does not define 'special cases' or 'greater good' - leaving the law open to interpretation, or to legitimise statutory rape. In a statement released on Wednesday, the group said the consent provision would also not prevent children being forced into marriage. The statement ...more
June 21, 2017, 3:23 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Under the New York law, judges will be given guidelines to help them decide whether a prospective bride or groom is entering a marriage freely at age 17" (p 11)
June 20, 2017, 6:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Crimes Legislation Amendment (Slavery, Slavery-like Conditions and People Trafficking) Act 2012, was passed through parliament in 2013. It makes forced marriage a crime punishable by a jail sentence of four to seven years" (p 17-18)
June 14, 2017, 10:31 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"A new provision in the Child Marriage Restraint Act, which dates to 1929, allows girls under the age of 18 to marry in some circumstances" (para 2).