The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

March 13, 2021, 4:47 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee notes the various measures taken by the Government to prohibit forced marriage, including the enactment of the Forced Marriage (Civil Protection) Act (2007)" (8).
Feb. 23, 2021, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, CBMC-DATA-1

"Social stigma around pre-marital relationships and pregnancy is another factor. The research indicates two in five adolescent girls drop out due to pregnancy or child, early and forced marriage, again much higher than the global average" (para 11).
Jan. 31, 2021, 3:04 p.m.
Countries: Australia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriage (FM) was criminalised in Australia in 2013. In 2016-2017, the Australian Federal Police (AFP) received 70 referrals of forced marriage. To date there have been no prosecutions" (17). "CALD women experience higher levels of violence than the general population. CALD women are more likely to experience abuse by extended family members, abuse related to their immigration status, dowry demands and forced marriage. The family violence provisions in the Migration Regulations only protect some women from deportation if they leave a violent relationship. Women on certain temporary visas, including temporary work visas, business or student visas cannot access the family violence provisions and are thus subject to deportation if...more
Jan. 31, 2021, 1:58 p.m.
Countries: Angola
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

“Forced marriage is considered a crime under Act No. 25/11 of 14 July, the Domestic Violence Act” (pp. 25).
Jan. 8, 2021, 2:16 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

“Forced marriage was criminalised under the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014. This came into force on 16 June 2014” (para. 3).
Jan. 1, 2021, 2:26 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"While Pakistan law requires that a woman consent to her partner, the law is rarely enforced and many women are unaware of that right" (para 6).
Dec. 20, 2020, 6:53 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriages are legally prohibited" (4).
Nov. 24, 2020, 3:59 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

“In 2017, Pakistan's government tried to crack down on child marriage by imposing prison sentences up to 10 years for offenders” (para 17).
Sept. 26, 2020, 7:38 p.m.
Countries: Qatar
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law provides that women can only marry if a male guardian approves" (para 12).
Sept. 26, 2020, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, DSFMF-LAW-1

"Under the penal code, sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery and sex between unmarried persons, is criminalized, as are same-sex relations between men which are punishable by up to seven years in prison" (para 20).
Sept. 14, 2020, 6:34 p.m.
Countries: Bahrain
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Article 28 (a) requires the women’s guardians’ approval of the marriage, which is discriminatory and contradicts with article 16 (1) (b) of the convention despite Bahrain’s reservations. The law, both sections (Gaa’fary and Sunni schools), should stipulate women’s free and total agreement for consummation of marriage" (2)
Aug. 16, 2020, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The government agreed to revise the 1951 Muslim Marriage and Divorce Act. Activists said that the amended law should make 18 the minimum age of marriage, without exception, and that women should not have to obtain a guardian's permission to get married" (para 20).
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:32 p.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

“On February 27, the Swiss Parliament is scheduled to debate a series of proposals to crack down on Muslim forced marriages in Switzerland. There are an estimated 17,000 forced marriages in Switzerland; one-third of the victims are between the ages of 13 and 18, according to a ground-breaking study of the problem conducted in 2006. The proposals being considered include: amending the Swiss Penal Code to make forced marriage a criminal offense; outlawing the marriages of minors; reviewing all future requests for marriage to ensure that no one is being married against her will; and mandating the deportation of any immigrants found to guilty of forcing someone to marry against...more
Aug. 10, 2020, 5:10 p.m.
Countries: Azerbaijan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Accordingly, the Criminal Code was emended and early marriages and forced marriages are now prohibited and considered as a crime prosecuted under the Criminal Code of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Sanctions to those offences have been increased. Research studies have been carried out and raising awareness initiatives have been undertaken" (2).
Aug. 8, 2020, 6:27 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Article 326 of the penal code allows a person who abducts a minor to escape prosecution if he marries his victim" (para 16).
June 23, 2020, 5:49 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"New criminal offences have been introduced in the Criminal Code, including: female genital mutilation; stalking; sexual harassment; and forced marriage" (20). "Amendments to the Criminal Code of 23 November 2016 introduced the crime of forced marriage" (41).
June 19, 2020, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: South Africa
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Parental or judicial consent to marry is required for individuals younger than 18. Nevertheless, the traditional practice of “ukuthwala,” the arranged marriage of girls as young as age 12 to older men, occurred in remote villages in Western Cape, Eastern Cape, and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. In 2015 the president promulgated the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill that prohibits nonconsensual ukuthwala and classifies it as a trafficking offense" (27).
May 31, 2020, 4:27 p.m.
Countries: North Korea
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Family Law provides that citizens shall have the rights to marry freely (art. 8). The Law on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Women provides that women have the rights to free marriage (art. 45)" (37).
May 7, 2020, 7:27 p.m.
Countries: Nigeria
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"This article was amended on 6 September to reflect the fact that child marriage is not illegal as such under Nigerian law but is covered under the Child Rights Act, a federal bill which competes with state and customary law and has not been enacted in 13 of Nigeria's 36 states." (para 26).
April 9, 2020, 8:06 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1

"Indonesia previously allowed girls of 16 to get married or younger-- with no minimum age-- if their parents requested it" (para 7).
April 1, 2020, 6:28 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The 2011 Prevention of Antiwomen Practices Amendment Act criminalizes and punishes the giving of a woman in marriage to settle a civil or criminal dispute; depriving a woman of her rights to inherit movable or immovable property by deceitful or illegal means; coercing or in any manner compelling a woman to enter into marriage; and compelling, arranging, or facilitating the marriage of a woman with the Quran, including forcing her to take an oath on the Quran to remain unmarried or not to claim her share of an inheritance. Although prohibited by law, these practices continued in some areas" (41).
Feb. 14, 2020, 12:34 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"There is no legal minimum age for marriage, and the government does not perform civil marriages. Instead, religious courts set the marriage age based on confessionally determined personal status law, and minimum ages for marriage differ accordingly" (30).
Jan. 30, 2020, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: Yemen
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law does not address other types of gender-based abuse, such as beatings, forced isolation, imprisonment, and early and forced marriage" (29).
Nov. 7, 2019, 6:16 p.m.
Countries: Egypt
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The legal age of marriage is 18. According to UNICEF 17 percent of girls married before age 18, and 2 percent of girls were married by age 15. According to NCW statistics, nearly 36 percent of marriages in rural areas in the southern part of the country included a partner who was not yet age 18. Families reportedly sometimes forced adolescent girls to marry wealthy foreign men in what were known locally as “tourism” or “summer” marriages for the purpose of sexual exploitation, prostitution, or forced labor." (45).
Sept. 17, 2019, 10:05 p.m.
Countries: China
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Mao famously told women they held up “half the sky” and outlawed arranged marriage and the practice of taking concubines." (para 11).
Sept. 5, 2019, 1:56 p.m.
Countries: Congo
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The penalty for forced marriage between an adult and child is a prison sentence of three months to two years and a fine of 150,000 to 1.5 million CFA francs ($265 to $2,650)" (24, 25).
Aug. 9, 2019, 1 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law on sexual violence criminalizes rape, but the offense was not always reported by victims and the law was not always enforced. Rape was common. The legal definition of rape does not include spousal rape. It also prohibits extrajudicial settlements (for example, a customary fine paid by the perpetrator to the family of the victim) and forced marriage, allows victims of sexual violence to waive appearance in court, and permits closed hearings to protect confidentiality. The minimum penalty prescribed for rape is a prison sentence of five years, and courts regularly imposed such a sentence in rape convictions" (page 39). "While the law prohibits marriage of boys and girls...more
July 31, 2019, 6:50 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law does not specify a minimum age for marriage, although Ministry of Justice guidelines referred marriage applications to sharia courts to determine the validity of a marriage when the bride was under the age of 16. According to some senior religious leaders, girls as young as 10 may marry" (44).
July 30, 2019, 8:55 a.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law makes forcing a child to marry punishable by a fine, one year’s imprisonment, or both" (p. 17).
July 24, 2019, 6:29 p.m.
Countries: Chad
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"The law sets the minimum age for marriage at 18. The law precludes invoking the consent of the minor spouse to justify child marriage and prescribes sentences of five to 10 years’ imprisonment and fines of 500,000 to five million CFA francs ($883 to $8,833) for persons convicted of perpetrating child marriage" (page 17).