The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-1

Feb. 6, 2019, 7:03 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A parliamentary motion banning child marriage in Iran has been rejected by Majles (parliament)" (para. 1). "The Islamic Republic’s civil code stipulates that the legal age of marriage in Iran is thirteen for girls and fifteen for boys. However, the civil code allows girls as young as nine to marry with the consent of their father or the permission of a judge" (para. 12).
Feb. 6, 2019, 3:14 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by law, the practice of kidnapping women and girls for forced marriage continued. According to NGOs Kyz Korgon and the Women’s Support Center, an average of at least 32 women and girls were kidnapped daily. Previous independent studies estimated that as many as 50 percent of all marriages in the country involved bride kidnapping" (Pg 24)."Although illegal, the practice of bride kidnapping continued (see section 6, Women). The kidnapping of underage brides remained underreported" (Pg 27).
Feb. 4, 2019, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Forced Marriage etc. (Protection and Jurisdiction) Scotland Act… made it a criminal offence to force a person into marriage" (35).
Jan. 29, 2019, 2:53 p.m.
Countries: Kuwait
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The Committee is particularly concerned about the legalization of child marriage" (pg. 3). "The Committee is particularly concerned about the non-imposition of criminal charges against a kidnapper and rapist who marries his victim with the consent of her guardian" (pg. 4). "Exceptions to the prohibition of child marriage, given that the legal age of marriage remains 15 years for girls" (pg. 13).
Jan. 14, 2019, 5:54 p.m.
Countries: Algeria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-5

"During the conflict, the children were born as the offspring of consensual yet invalid marriages—contracted solely through a reading of the Fatiha, the first chapter of the Qur’an—or in circumstances of a forced union or rape" (Para 3).
Jan. 5, 2019, 10:25 a.m.
Countries: Laos
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"It is forbidden to force or hinder another individual’s marriage" (Pg 37).
Jan. 3, 2019, 1:23 p.m.
Countries: Saudi Arabia
Variables: CLCW-PRACTICE-1, CLCW-LAW-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-LAW-1, AFE-PRACTICE-1

"[Saudi Arabia] also has a law stating that all women must have a male guardian, typically a husband, father or brother, who gives them permission to study, travel abroad or marry" (para 9).
Dec. 14, 2018, 9:45 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Last year, Malawi's parliament passed a law forbidding marriage before the age of 18" (para 10). "Realising that she couldn't change the traditionally set mentality of parents, Kachindamoto instead changed the law. She got her 50 sub-chiefs to sign an agreement to abolish early marriage under customary law, and annul any existing unions in her area of authority...She then drew community members, the clergy, local committees and charities together to pass a bylaw that banned early marriage under the civil law" (para 32-35).
Dec. 14, 2018, 5:46 p.m.
Countries: Malawi
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Senior Chief Inkosi Kachindamoto annulled over 300 marriages, thereby applying the country’s new laws regarding child marriage. In April, President Peter Mutharika signed into a law a ban on child marriage, setting the minimum age requirement for marriage in the country at 18" (para 2).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"If an adult who has sexual relations with a minor between ages 15 and 18, the penalty is between three months and four years in prison. An adult who has sexual relations with a minor under age 15 is liable to a penalty ranging from eight to 30 years in prison" (p. 21).
Nov. 28, 2018, 12:58 p.m.
Countries: Mexico
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"If an adult who has sexual relations with a minor between ages 15 and 18, the penalty is between three months and four years in prison. An adult who has sexual relations with a minor under age 15 is liable to a penalty ranging from eight to 30 years in prison" (p. 21).
Nov. 2, 2018, 9:21 a.m.
Countries: Kazakhstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Although prohibited by law, the practice of kidnapping women and girls for forced marriage continued in some remote areas. The law prescribes a prison sentence of eight to 10 years for kidnapping. A person who voluntarily releases an abductee is absolved of criminal responsibility if, in this action, he/she did not commit another offense. . . . If a complaint is filed, the government is obliged to take action on it but rarely did so" (page 28-29).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law states that a virgin woman or girl wishing to wed needs the consent of her father or grandfather or the court’s permission, even if she is over the age of 18" (para 155)
Oct. 5, 2018, 12:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forcing someone to marry against their will is a criminal offence that carries a maximum sentence of seven years. A forced marriage is defined as one in which one or both spouses do not consent to the union, and violence, threats or any other form of coercion are involved" (14-15).
Oct. 4, 2018, 1:01 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: LRW-LAW-2, MARR-LAW-1

"From now on, someone who abuses a woman on the street can be sentenced to six months in prison while someone who forces a minor into marriage can get one year" (para 5).
Oct. 3, 2018, 1:14 p.m.
Countries: Kenya
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Further, she wanted the Anti-FGM Board, a body created to help eradicate FGM/C and early marriage, also declared unconstitutional" (para. 2).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"[The Constitution] states: Men and women of full legal age shall have the right, upon their consent, to marry and to found a family freely, without any discrimination and they shall have equal rights and duties as to all family affairs" (4). "According to the NCCE minimum age for marriage is 18 years for both sexes.18 It was 15 years for women and 18 years for men in the Ethiopian Civil Code of 1960. This was amended by Proclamation No. 2/1991 to 18 years of age for both sexes and the same age is maintained in the NCCE" (5). "The Constitution of Eritrea is very explicit in this regard and...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 9:47 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-DATA-1

"Legal guardians can marry off girls below 13 and boys before 15 years of age pending a judge’s approval" (para 4).
Sept. 21, 2018, 5:23 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The legislature has addressed shortcomings in the application of the Personal Status Law by amending it to ensure women’s optimal obtainment of their rights. An example is the refusal of a woman’s guardian to marry her off. Royal Decree No. 55/2010 permits a woman to resort directly to the sharia court chamber in the Supreme Court if her guardian refuses to marry her off. A woman may also appeal a judgment directly to his Majesty the Sultan. During 2010-2015, 263 such cases were admitted (see annex 3 — Number of legal actions concerning refusal to marry off a woman registered with the sharia court)" (Pg 7). "According to the Judicial...more
Sept. 14, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Forced marriage is a criminal offence under the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014, including taking someone abroad or into the UK for such a purpose. But lawyers have argued the offence should come under the Modern Slavery Act 2015 to make the penalties more severe, while it also allows for criminals to be ordered to pay compensation to their victims. United Nations advisor Parosha Chandran added there had been ‘no proper legal consideration’ of the element of slavery in a forced marriage" (para 19-21). "The Birmingham case was just the second conviction of forced marriage in the UK since 2014 and the first to include evidence from a...more
Sept. 13, 2018, 7:46 a.m.
Countries: Malaysia
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, AOM-LAW-1

"Muslim girls under the minimum legal marriage age of 16 can wed with the consent of the Shariah court and their parents. Muslim men in Malaysia can marry four wives" (para. 3).
Sept. 12, 2018, 5:17 p.m.
Countries: Norway
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Norway approved a law banning all child marriage on Tuesday (22/05/2018) ...The Nordic country has a minimum age of 18, but allows 16- and 17-year-olds to marry with parental consent and permission from the county governor" (Par. 1, 2). "The law will also ban Norwegians from marrying abroad if either party is under 18" (Par. 14).
Sept. 10, 2018, 9:57 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"While forced marriage is among the acts prohibited under human trafficking EU law adopted by Britain in 2013, the legal provision has not translated to policy" (para. 17). "There have been just two convictions for forced marriage since it was criminalised in 2014" (para. 21).
Sept. 10, 2018, 5:07 a.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"A reform of the penal code approved in January categorizes forced marriage as a crime punishable by from six months to three years and six months in prison. Forced marriage carries similar penalties that, until now, the law categorized as coercion...In December 2014 the Catalan regional government, the regional police, and other local institutions approved a protocol to fight against forced marriage in the province of Girona. The protocol, which is the first of its kind in the country, holistically emphasizes the prevention, detection, assistance, reporting, monitoring, and protection of the victims" (14).
Sept. 6, 2018, 9:17 p.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law against forced conversion [passed by the Sindh Assembly] is a good attempt to halt the first case scenario by criminalising forced conversions, and providing protection to its victims. It declares that people under the age of 18 could not be registered as having converted until they reached the age of majority — this to bring conversions in line with the legal age of marriage in Sindh (also 18)" (para 4). The first case referred to in this quote is women being kidnapped and forced into marriage under the guise of conversion to Islam (MAD - CODER COMMENT). "A forced conversion followed by a prompt marriage may be frowned...more
Sept. 5, 2018, 9:44 a.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"During the year forcing a UK citizen into marriage anywhere in the world became a criminal offense in England and Wales. The new law provides for a maximum prison sentence of seven years" (17). "In Scotland the law provides for protection against forced marriage without free and full consent and for protecting persons who have been forced into marriage without such consent" (17-18).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:30 a.m.
Countries: Switzerland
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"The law prohibits forced marriage and provides for penalties of up to five years in prison, and denies permission to enter the country to visa applicants suspected of involvement in a forced marriage. Victims of forced marriage already residing in the country may remain and may change their marital status from “married” to “single” without a requirement to record a divorce" (15). "Forcing a person to marry is punishable by up to five years’ imprisonment" (17).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:26 a.m.
Countries: Nepal
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"Social, economic, and cultural values promoted the practice of early and forced marriages, especially common in the Dalit and Madhesi communities. The law sets penalties for violations according to the age of the girls involved in child marriage. The penalty includes both a prison sentence and fine, with the fees collected going to the girl involved. The civil code provides that the government must take action whenever a case of child marriage is filed with authorities" (33).
Aug. 20, 2018, 11:08 a.m.
Countries: Philippines
Variables: MARR-LAW-1, IAW-PRACTICE-1, PW-LAW-1

"The contradictions between the provisions of the Magna Carta of Women and those of the Code of Muslim Personal Laws and customary laws applicable to Muslim and indigenous communities, which provide for unequal relations between husband and wife, including harmful practices such as polygamy and child and forced marriage, as well as unequal practices with respect to inheritance" (page 15).
Aug. 15, 2018, 9:40 a.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-LAW-1

"In the case of criminal act entering into illegal marriage a more serious form is envisaged if another person is forced or threatened to enter into marriage" (page 12). "Amendments to the Criminal Code from 2013 introduced a number of new solutions. In the case of criminal act Concluding a void marriage from the Article 214 a graver form of offence is defined in the case that a person is by force or threat compelled to conclude marriage. In the case of criminal act Extramarital community with a minor from the Article 216 a graver form is supplemented by a qualificatory circumstance when the offence was committed by the use...more