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Latest items for MARR-LAW-2

March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that homosexual acts are criminalized in the State party and that “aggravated homosexuality” carries sentences of up to life imprisonment. It also notes with concern acts of incitement to hatred against lesbian, bisexual and transgender women in the State party and the arbitrary detention of women perceived to be lesbian. The Committee urges the State party to repeal the provisions of the Criminal Code on “unnatural offences” and “aggravated homosexuality”, end the arbitrary detention of lesbians and provide them with effective protection from violence and discrimination and provide appropriate training to law enforcement officials" (page 11).
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"It takes note that, since 2007, the Constitutional Court has issued rulings which guarantee the rights of same-sex couples in the State party, such as ruling C-577 (2011). However, the Committee notes barriers to its implementation" (Pg 13).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"However, the reservation expressed by Niger regarding article 16(c) still applies, insofar as both during marriage and at its dissolution, the spouses have neither the same rights nor the same responsibilities. The same applies to paragraphs (g) and (e) regarding the spacing of children and related issues such as access to the information, education and and means to enable women to exercise that right, on the one hand, and equality in personal rights with regard to the choice of family name, a profession or an occupation, on the other hand" (pg 29).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The personal status codes in force among both Muslims and Christians share several general principles that are applicable when it comes marriage issues. The most important are as follows…marriage may be contracted only between a man and a woman" (66).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation, and there was societal discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, which often led to denial of employment opportunities (see section 7.d)"(24)."The country does not recognize any relationship between LGBTI partners in terms of health care, parental rights, property rights, or any publicly provided services"(25)
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The committee, which is made up of 18 independent experts . . . asked Iran to decriminalize same sex relations" (para 4).
Oct. 1, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

Same-sex marriage was legalized in Germany in June 2017.
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. ... in the United States it estimated that in the last few years approximately 25 percent of special needs adoption and 5 percent of adoptions were by single parents" (para 16).
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. In the United Kingdom 10 percent of all adoptions between 2012 and 2013 were done by single persons" (para 16).
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

Article 18: The de facto union of those who have the legal capacity to acquire it, with the requirements of uniqueness (meaning that neither of the cohabiting couple is cohabiting in another union) and stability and recognized by the competent court, shall retain all the same effects of legal marriage. If the relationship is stable but not unique, because one of them had a legally valid previous marriage, the union will take full effect by acting in good faith and for the children of the union. Article 22: In any civil, criminal or administrative proceeding where the existence of marriage cannot be proven, the following shall serve as evidence of ...more
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LO-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-2

"The law protects women’s property rights in common-law marriages" (12).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The constitution states that the state shall promote matrimony as a union between a man and a woman; however, it does not define marriage to be exclusively between a man and woman" (35).
Feb. 13, 2017, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: Austria, Germany
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Germany recognises civil unions but not same-sex marriages, and has limited adoption rights for gay couples. (Angela Merkel, the chancellor, periodically faces embarrassing questions about this.) The situation in Austria is similar" (para 9).
Feb. 13, 2017, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"On May 11th the Italian parliament approved a law recognising same-sex civil unions, with 372 voting in favour, 51 against and 99 abstaining" (para 1). "The new law grants same-sex couples many of the same rights as married heterosexual couples. Partners in a civil union can apply for public housing as couples. (The law also makes this right available to unmarried heterosexual couples.) They can also inherit their partners’ pensions. Property inheritance rules will be the same as for married couples" (para 2). "But the new law falls well short of giving gay couples the same rights as heterosexual ones. To ensure passage in the Senate, the original version was ...more
Feb. 2, 2017, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"In April President Bachelet signed into law legislation recognizing civil unions of LGBTI persons. The measure, which went into effect on October 22, extends legal protections, including rights to inheritance and to health and pension benefits" (17).
Nov. 15, 2016, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Prior to this latest decision, Paragraph 5 of Article 230 of the Turkish Criminal Code dictated a sentence of two to six months in prison for individuals who lived together after a religious wedding without a civil marriage. In the same article, Paragraph 6 also gave two to six months' imprisonment to an individual (typically an imam) who carried out a religious wedding ceremony without verifying a civil marriage with official documents.But while last week’s decision annuls the above paragraphs by a majority 12-4 vote, the Constitutional Court had unanimously ruled the opposite in a 1999 case appealed by the Bursa Criminal Court. At the time, the court confirmed that ...more
Nov. 10, 2016, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Consensual same-sex sexual activity is illegal, but the law was not enforced" (32).
Aug. 30, 2016, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Article 316. Within the respective rights and duties of spouses as enshrined in the Code, the wife must obey her husband, and the husband must protect his wife" (para 2)
Aug. 5, 2016, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Under article 40 of the Constitution, any individual has the right to marry a person of the opposite sex of his or her choice and to found a family" (20).
July 19, 2016, 3:56 p.m.
Countries: Trinidad/Tobago
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"The Cohabitational Relationships Act, 1998 (confers rights and obligations to common-law spouses with respect to interests in property and maintenance);" (12) "In recognition of the high prevalence of common law unions, the Cohabitational Relationships Act, 1998 was enacted to enforce the rights of common law spouses. Prior to this enactment, it was estimated that no fewer than 40,724 people lived in common law unions, without protection of their rights. Under this Act, common law spouses living in a cohabitational relationship for not less than five (5) years or who have a child arising out of that relationship, have the right to make an application for maintenance and adjustment of property, ...more
July 18, 2016, 9:16 p.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"A major advance was achieved in 2004 with the passing of a new family law which guaranteed equality of the sexes in marriage" (232).
May 15, 2016, 7:55 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Religious rules and custom law are not a source of our family law. The criteria applied for the purpose of legal typology of families are the grounds for establishment and the scope of relatives included. According to the grounds for establishment, there are three types of families: the ones stemming from matrimony, the ones not stemming from matrimony and adoptive ones. A family stemming from matrimony is established by children being born in marriage, as legally regulated union of man and woman. Such a family is composed of the spouses and their offspring. A family not stemming from matrimony represents a factual union between man and woman in which children ...more
April 4, 2016, 7:21 a.m.
Countries: Israel
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"On November 21, 2006, the Supreme Court handed down a landmark decision concerning the rights of same-sex couples. It held that a wedding certificate from a foreign country in which same-sex marriages are recognized, could allow the couple to be registered as married by the Ministry of the Interior. Five gay couples who held wedding ceremonies abroad petitioned to the Supreme Court following the Ministry of the Interior’s refusal to register them as married...The Supreme Court determined that the Ministry of the Interior must not discriminate against same-sex couples who hold a wedding certificate from a foreign country that permits same-sex marriages. Nevertheless, the Supreme Court notes that by doing ...more
March 14, 2016, 7:56 p.m.
Countries: Kyrgyzstan
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"But as Azattyk has reported, the consequences for women without official marriage documents can be devastating if one day their husband abandons them." (28)
Jan. 27, 2016, 10:40 a.m.
Countries: Canada
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"Canada legally recognized same-sex marriage in 2005 with the Civil Marriage Act. Since 2006, the number of same-sex married couples has increased nearly three-fold" (54).
Jan. 15, 2016, 6:33 p.m.
Countries: Sri Lanka
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"The Committee is further concerned that the criminalization of same-sex relationship results in women being completely excluded from legal protection. It is also concerned about the information that the law enforcement officers are allowed to arbitrarily detain them" (5)
Jan. 8, 2016, 1:36 p.m.
Countries: Lebanon
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The vast majority of marriages in Lebanon go through religious courts, following a law from the era of the French mandate. This makes it difficult for civil unions to be enacted or mixed sect and religous marriages to be validated" (4). "Receiving a civil status for the marriage will also allow partners to register their child with the state without submitting a sect. Those unable to register their marriages cannot have their children legally recognised by the authorities. This ultimately means that they cannot obtain official documents that are needed for work, housing and travel. In the eyes of the state, they do not exist" (12-14).
Jan. 2, 2016, 10:22 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Though laws governing surrogacy have yet to be passed, the government outlined its position in an affidavit placed before the Supreme Court on Oct. 28. It said India 'does not support commercial surrogacy and the scope of surrogacy is limited to Indian married infertile couples only, and not to foreigners.' A previous order had already barred gay and unmarried couples and single people from hiring surrogates"(para 7). While this law does not answer the question of whether same sex couples can adopt children, it does state an inability to hire a surrogate. If same sex couples are not allowed to hire a surrogate it is possible their ability to adopt ...more
Nov. 26, 2015, 12:32 a.m.
Countries: Solomon Islands
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"None of the legislation governing family law recognises de facto relationship rights (including same sex couples) on the same basis as marriage" (84)
Oct. 22, 2015, 5:01 p.m.
Countries: Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"If a man and a woman have de facto marital relations, for that situation to be recognized as legal marital relations, the marriage must be registered with the civil registry office. Otherwise, such relations will not be recognized under the law as the relations of husband and wife, and thus will not entail the established rights and responsibilities of spouses" (32)