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Latest items for MARR-LAW-2

Nov. 30, 2018, 1:43 p.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Consensual same-sex sexual activity is illegal under the law" (30).
Oct. 25, 2018, 10:20 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Consensual same-sex sexual activity remains illegal under the penal code, which contains a provision against 'unnatural offenses' with a penalty of a maximum of 10 years’ imprisonment and a fine or 'transportation for life.' Laws against 'unnatural offenses' apply equally to both men and women" (44).
Oct. 22, 2018, 9:31 p.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The law provides for the death penalty for murder, as well as 'attempts against the security of the state,' 'outrage against high-ranking officials,' 'enmity towards God' ('moharebeh'), 'corruption on earth' ('fisad fil-arz'), rape, adultery, drug possession and trafficking, recidivist alcohol use, consensual same-sex sexual activity" (para 8). "In his October 27 report to the UN General Assembly, Ahmed Shaheed, the UN special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran, reported that the penal code retained the death penalty for consensual same-sex sexual activity although authorities reportedly had not carried out any executions during the year" (para 10). "The law criminalizes consensual same-sex sexual activity,...more
Oct. 19, 2018, 7:59 p.m.
Countries: Indonesia
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The law does not address heterosexual acts between women and boys, but it prohibits same-sex acts between adults and minors" (para 167). With same-sex acts prohibited, it is higly unlikely that same-sex unions are legal (MAD - CODER COMMENT). "In Aceh the local government implemented a new sharia criminal code that imposes a penalty of 100 strokes of the cane for homosexual acts (see section 1.c.)" (para 182)
Sept. 26, 2018, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Spain
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"After Spain became the first overwhelmingly Catholic nation to legalize same-sex marriage, in 2005" (para. 12).
Sept. 26, 2018, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Uruguay
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Same-sex marriage and civil unions are legal in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Uruguay, and several Mexican states" (para. 2).
Sept. 26, 2018, 3:03 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"In recent years, a rights revolution in Latin America has wiped out all remaining laws criminalizing homosexuality; the last of such laws to fall was Panama’s, in 2008" (para. 2).
Sept. 26, 2018, 3:01 p.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

The Argentine Senate "in 2010 made Argentina the first Latin American country to legalize same-sex marriage with identical rights to heterosexual marriage" (para. 1).
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:41 a.m.
Countries: Eritrea
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The NCCE has re-institued co-habitation with fundamental changes to the approach adopted under the Civel Code of Ethipia of 1960" (8). The primary requirement for this type of marriage is its solemnization before an officer of civil status empowered to conduct such a public function. A man and a woman should appear before a civil status officer and give their consent to conclude marriage. Additional requirement to celebrate a civil marriage is a minimum of continuous six months residence of one of the future spouses or his parents or ascendants in the commune" (9). "Art. 520. - Religious Marriage: A religious marriage shall take place when a man and a...more
Sept. 26, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Argentina
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Though Argentina became the first Latin American country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2010, it remains strongly influenced by the Catholic Church and by the pope, who was formerly the archbishop of Buenos Aires" (9).
Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"There were no changes in the Conceptual Framework for National Family Policy, adopted by the parliament and ruled unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court in 2011. The court found that the framework’s definition of 'family'--applying only to arrangements involving marriage--was too narrow. Human rights groups expressed concern that the framework could bring into question the legal status of unmarried couples with children, single-parent families, and same-sex couples with children and could deny legal protection to children born out of wedlock. As of September 1, there were no reports that authorities invoked the framework’s definitions to the detriment of such persons" (6).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"An estimated 122,000 same-sex couples are raising children under the age of 18 in the United States. Married same-sex couples are considerably more likely to be raising children than unmarried same-sex couples (27 percent compared with 15 percent)" (175)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"While same-sex couples are less likely to be raising children than different-sex couples, same sex couples are nearly three times as likely to be raising an adopted or foster child (4.0 percent compared with 1.4 percent; Gates 2015). Still, the majority of children of same-sex couples are biologically related to one of their parents (61 percent, compared with 90 percent of children of different-sex couples)" (175)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

“In 35 states and the District of Columbia, LGBT parents can petition for joint adoption statewide. In three states—Louisiana, Michigan, and Mississippi—same-sex couples face legal restrictions when petitioning for joint adoption. In 12 states, the status of joint adoption for same-sex couples is uncertain” (175)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

“Six states—California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin—prohibit discrimination against LGBT parents who want to foster a child. One state, Nebraska, restricts fostering by LGBT parents. Forty-three states and the District of Columbia are silent on the issue” (175)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

“More than one-third (35 percent) of women of color in same-sex couples are raising a child under the age of 18, compared with 24 percent of white women in same-sex couples (Gates 2015). Seventy-one percent of same-sex married couples and 81 percent of same-sex unmarried couples raising children under the age of 18 are female” (175)
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The Monogamy Law imposes penalties on unmarried couples who cohabit, and its implementation may have a disproportionate impact on women" (page 15).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Act No. 18.590 of 18 September 2009, providing for adoption by same-sex couples . . . The Committee takes notes of the adoption of Act No. 19.075 of 3 May 2013, authorizing same-sex marriages" (page 2).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Act No. 19075 (2013) provides that the institution of marriage shall not make a distinction 'because of the person’s sex' and authorizes same-sex marriage" (page 36). "Act No. 18246 (2007) on common-law marriage recognizes stable couples that have continuously cohabited for at least five years, in order to guarantee rights within non-matrimonial relationships. Among other things, it extends to them the community property regime (the regime that was regulated by the community property provisions of the marriage contract) once their union is legally recognized. Act No. 18590 (2009) modifies the adoption provisions of the Childhood and Adolescence Code, allowing for adoption by spouses or common-law spouses of the same sex"...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"On April 2013 New Zealand became the thirteenth country to legislate for marriage equality enabling marriages between people 'regardless of their sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity'. The amendment achieves a balance between the right of everyone to marry and be free from discrimination and the right to freedom of religion. The Marriage (Definition of Marriage) Amendment Act 2013 has meant that married same-sex couples are recognized as ‘spouses’ under the Adoption Act 1955 and therefore are eligible to jointly adopt a child. In December 2015 the High Court ruled that same-sex couples could legally adopt children. On 7 March 2016 the Human Rights Review Tribunal (HRRT) released its decision...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"Given that the majority of couples in the State party are comprised of consensual unions, the Committee is also concerned that the bill on the recognition of consensual unions (plaçage) is not included in the legislative agenda, thereby depriving women in the State party of equal rights with men in family relations" (16).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that homosexual acts are criminalized in the State party and that “aggravated homosexuality” carries sentences of up to life imprisonment. It also notes with concern acts of incitement to hatred against lesbian, bisexual and transgender women in the State party and the arbitrary detention of women perceived to be lesbian. The Committee urges the State party to repeal the provisions of the Criminal Code on “unnatural offences” and “aggravated homosexuality”, end the arbitrary detention of lesbians and provide them with effective protection from violence and discrimination and provide appropriate training to law enforcement officials" (page 11).
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"It takes note that, since 2007, the Constitutional Court has issued rulings which guarantee the rights of same-sex couples in the State party, such as ruling C-577 (2011). However, the Committee notes barriers to its implementation" (Pg 13).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"However, the reservation expressed by Niger regarding article 16(c) still applies, insofar as both during marriage and at its dissolution, the spouses have neither the same rights nor the same responsibilities. The same applies to paragraphs (g) and (e) regarding the spacing of children and related issues such as access to the information, education and and means to enable women to exercise that right, on the one hand, and equality in personal rights with regard to the choice of family name, a profession or an occupation, on the other hand" (pg 29).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The personal status codes in force among both Muslims and Christians share several general principles that are applicable when it comes marriage issues. The most important are as follows…marriage may be contracted only between a man and a woman" (66).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation, and there was societal discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, which often led to denial of employment opportunities (see section 7.d)"(24)."The country does not recognize any relationship between LGBTI partners in terms of health care, parental rights, property rights, or any publicly provided services"(25)
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The committee, which is made up of 18 independent experts . . . asked Iran to decriminalize same sex relations" (para 4).
Oct. 1, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

Same-sex marriage was legalized in Germany in June 2017.
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. ... in the United States it estimated that in the last few years approximately 25 percent of special needs adoption and 5 percent of adoptions were by single parents" (para 16).
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. In the United Kingdom 10 percent of all adoptions between 2012 and 2013 were done by single persons" (para 16).