The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-2

Sept. 4, 2018, 10:19 a.m.
Countries: Lithuania
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"There were no changes in the Conceptual Framework for National Family Policy, adopted by the parliament and ruled unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court in 2011. The court found that the framework’s definition of 'family'--applying only to arrangements involving marriage--was too narrow. Human rights groups expressed concern that the framework could bring into question the legal status of unmarried couples with children, single-parent families, and same-sex couples with children and could deny legal protection to children born out of wedlock. As of September 1, there were no reports that authorities invoked the framework’s definitions to the detriment of such persons" (6).
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"An estimated 122,000 same-sex couples are raising children under the age of 18 in the United States. Married same-sex couples are considerably more likely to be raising children than unmarried same-sex couples (27 percent compared with 15 percent)" (175)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"While same-sex couples are less likely to be raising children than different-sex couples, same sex couples are nearly three times as likely to be raising an adopted or foster child (4.0 percent compared with 1.4 percent; Gates 2015). Still, the majority of children of same-sex couples are biologically related to one of their parents (61 percent, compared with 90 percent of children of different-sex couples)" (175)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

“In 35 states and the District of Columbia, LGBT parents can petition for joint adoption statewide. In three states—Louisiana, Michigan, and Mississippi—same-sex couples face legal restrictions when petitioning for joint adoption. In 12 states, the status of joint adoption for same-sex couples is uncertain” (175)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

“Six states—California, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin—prohibit discrimination against LGBT parents who want to foster a child. One state, Nebraska, restricts fostering by LGBT parents. Forty-three states and the District of Columbia are silent on the issue” (175)
Aug. 31, 2018, 10:10 a.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

“More than one-third (35 percent) of women of color in same-sex couples are raising a child under the age of 18, compared with 24 percent of white women in same-sex couples (Gates 2015). Seventy-one percent of same-sex married couples and 81 percent of same-sex unmarried couples raising children under the age of 18 are female” (175)
Aug. 24, 2018, 12:29 p.m.
Countries: Burma/Myanmar
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The Monogamy Law imposes penalties on unmarried couples who cohabit, and its implementation may have a disproportionate impact on women" (page 15).
July 11, 2018, 8 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Act No. 18.590 of 18 September 2009, providing for adoption by same-sex couples . . . The Committee takes notes of the adoption of Act No. 19.075 of 3 May 2013, authorizing same-sex marriages" (page 2).
July 6, 2018, 6:49 p.m.
Countries: Uruguay
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Act No. 19075 (2013) provides that the institution of marriage shall not make a distinction 'because of the person’s sex' and authorizes same-sex marriage" (page 36). "Act No. 18246 (2007) on common-law marriage recognizes stable couples that have continuously cohabited for at least five years, in order to guarantee rights within non-matrimonial relationships. Among other things, it extends to them the community property regime (the regime that was regulated by the community property provisions of the marriage contract) once their union is legally recognized. Act No. 18590 (2009) modifies the adoption provisions of the Childhood and Adolescence Code, allowing for adoption by spouses or common-law spouses of the same sex"...more
June 26, 2018, 9:09 a.m.
Countries: New Zealand
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"On April 2013 New Zealand became the thirteenth country to legislate for marriage equality enabling marriages between people 'regardless of their sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity'. The amendment achieves a balance between the right of everyone to marry and be free from discrimination and the right to freedom of religion. The Marriage (Definition of Marriage) Amendment Act 2013 has meant that married same-sex couples are recognized as ‘spouses’ under the Adoption Act 1955 and therefore are eligible to jointly adopt a child. In December 2015 the High Court ruled that same-sex couples could legally adopt children. On 7 March 2016 the Human Rights Review Tribunal (HRRT) released its decision...more
May 9, 2018, 4:01 p.m.
Countries: Haiti
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-4, MARR-LAW-2

"Given that the majority of couples in the State party are comprised of consensual unions, the Committee is also concerned that the bill on the recognition of consensual unions (plaçage) is not included in the legislative agenda, thereby depriving women in the State party of equal rights with men in family relations" (16).
March 20, 2018, 1:29 p.m.
Countries: Gambia
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The Committee notes that homosexual acts are criminalized in the State party and that “aggravated homosexuality” carries sentences of up to life imprisonment. It also notes with concern acts of incitement to hatred against lesbian, bisexual and transgender women in the State party and the arbitrary detention of women perceived to be lesbian. The Committee urges the State party to repeal the provisions of the Criminal Code on “unnatural offences” and “aggravated homosexuality”, end the arbitrary detention of lesbians and provide them with effective protection from violence and discrimination and provide appropriate training to law enforcement officials" (page 11).
March 19, 2018, 8:20 a.m.
Countries: Colombia
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"It takes note that, since 2007, the Constitutional Court has issued rulings which guarantee the rights of same-sex couples in the State party, such as ruling C-577 (2011). However, the Committee notes barriers to its implementation" (Pg 13).
Feb. 27, 2018, 11:14 p.m.
Countries: Niger
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"However, the reservation expressed by Niger regarding article 16(c) still applies, insofar as both during marriage and at its dissolution, the spouses have neither the same rights nor the same responsibilities. The same applies to paragraphs (g) and (e) regarding the spacing of children and related issues such as access to the information, education and and means to enable women to exercise that right, on the one hand, and equality in personal rights with regard to the choice of family name, a profession or an occupation, on the other hand" (pg 29).
Feb. 14, 2018, 11:45 a.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The personal status codes in force among both Muslims and Christians share several general principles that are applicable when it comes marriage issues. The most important are as follows…marriage may be contracted only between a man and a woman" (66).
Dec. 26, 2017, 10:52 p.m.
Countries: Panama
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The law does not prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation, and there was societal discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, which often led to denial of employment opportunities (see section 7.d)"(24)."The country does not recognize any relationship between LGBTI partners in terms of health care, parental rights, property rights, or any publicly provided services"(25)
Dec. 6, 2017, 10:43 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The committee, which is made up of 18 independent experts . . . asked Iran to decriminalize same sex relations" (para 4).
Oct. 1, 2017, 2:58 p.m.
Countries: Germany
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

Same-sex marriage was legalized in Germany in June 2017.
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:37 p.m.
Countries: United States
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. ... in the United States it estimated that in the last few years approximately 25 percent of special needs adoption and 5 percent of adoptions were by single parents" (para 16).
Aug. 25, 2017, 1:35 p.m.
Countries: United Kingdom
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-3, MARR-LAW-2, CBMC-PRACTICE-1

"Other single women, and to a lesser extent single men, are increasingly choosing to adopt and raise a child in a one-parent household. In the United Kingdom 10 percent of all adoptions between 2012 and 2013 were done by single persons" (para 16).
Aug. 23, 2017, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Cuba
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

Article 18: The de facto union of those who have the legal capacity to acquire it, with the requirements of uniqueness (meaning that neither of the cohabiting couple is cohabiting in another union) and stability and recognized by the competent court, shall retain all the same effects of legal marriage. If the relationship is stable but not unique, because one of them had a legally valid previous marriage, the union will take full effect by acting in good faith and for the children of the union. Article 22: In any civil, criminal or administrative proceeding where the existence of marriage cannot be proven, the following shall serve as evidence of...more
March 20, 2017, 12:04 p.m.
Countries: Guyana
Variables: LO-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-2

"The law protects women’s property rights in common-law marriages" (12).
Feb. 15, 2017, 2:34 p.m.
Countries: Dominican Republic
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"The constitution states that the state shall promote matrimony as a union between a man and a woman; however, it does not define marriage to be exclusively between a man and woman" (35).
Feb. 13, 2017, 1:28 p.m.
Countries: Austria, Germany
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Germany recognises civil unions but not same-sex marriages, and has limited adoption rights for gay couples. (Angela Merkel, the chancellor, periodically faces embarrassing questions about this.) The situation in Austria is similar" (para 9).
Feb. 13, 2017, 1:27 p.m.
Countries: Italy
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"On May 11th the Italian parliament approved a law recognising same-sex civil unions, with 372 voting in favour, 51 against and 99 abstaining" (para 1). "The new law grants same-sex couples many of the same rights as married heterosexual couples. Partners in a civil union can apply for public housing as couples. (The law also makes this right available to unmarried heterosexual couples.) They can also inherit their partners’ pensions. Property inheritance rules will be the same as for married couples" (para 2). "But the new law falls well short of giving gay couples the same rights as heterosexual ones. To ensure passage in the Senate, the original version was...more
Feb. 2, 2017, 12:53 p.m.
Countries: Chile
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"In April President Bachelet signed into law legislation recognizing civil unions of LGBTI persons. The measure, which went into effect on October 22, extends legal protections, including rights to inheritance and to health and pension benefits" (17).
Nov. 15, 2016, 12:59 p.m.
Countries: Turkey
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Prior to this latest decision, Paragraph 5 of Article 230 of the Turkish Criminal Code dictated a sentence of two to six months in prison for individuals who lived together after a religious wedding without a civil marriage. In the same article, Paragraph 6 also gave two to six months' imprisonment to an individual (typically an imam) who carried out a religious wedding ceremony without verifying a civil marriage with official documents.But while last week’s decision annuls the above paragraphs by a majority 12-4 vote, the Constitutional Court had unanimously ruled the opposite in a 1999 case appealed by the Bursa Criminal Court. At the time, the court confirmed that...more
Nov. 10, 2016, 10:50 a.m.
Countries: Bangladesh
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Consensual same-sex sexual activity is illegal, but the law was not enforced" (32).
Aug. 30, 2016, 10:52 a.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Article 316. Within the respective rights and duties of spouses as enshrined in the Code, the wife must obey her husband, and the husband must protect his wife" (para 2)
Aug. 5, 2016, 2:04 p.m.
Countries: D R Congo
Variables: MARR-LAW-2

"Under article 40 of the Constitution, any individual has the right to marry a person of the opposite sex of his or her choice and to found a family" (20).