The most comprehensive compilation of information on the status of
women in the world.

Latest items for MARR-LAW-4

Sept. 12, 2017, 10:04 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: LRCM-PRACTICE-1, LRCM-LAW-2, LRCM-DATA-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-1, ERBG-PRACTICE-2, ERBG-PRACTICE-3, ERBG-LAW-1, ERBG-DATA-2, MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4, GP-DATA-1, GP-DATA-6

"Women in Iran are subject to pervasive discrimination both in law and practice, including in areas concerning marriage, divorce, child custody, freedom of movement, employment, and access to political office. Women and girls are inadequately protected against domestic and other violence, including early and forced marriage and marital rape"(para 17)
Aug. 14, 2017, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Jordan, Tunisia
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"A handful of places have recently repealed these so-called marry-your-rapist laws - Tunisia, Morocco and just last week Jordan" (para 1).
Aug. 14, 2017, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Argentina, Ethiopia, France, Guatemala, Italy, Peru
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"Countries as wide apart as Argentina, Italy, France...Guatemala, Ethiopia, Peru - they've all got rid of these laws [allowing rapists to escpae punishment if they marry their victims]" (para 7).
Aug. 14, 2017, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Morocco
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"A handful of places have recently repealed these so-called marry-your-rapist laws - Tunisia, Morocco and just last week Jordan" (para 1). "[I]n 2014, Morocco rescinded that law [allowing rapists to escape punishment if they marry their victims]" (para 14).
Aug. 14, 2017, 7:22 a.m.
Countries: Lebanon, Philippines, Tajikistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"These laws [allowing rapists to escape punishment if they marry their victims] are still on the books in countries that are as far apart as the Philippines, Lebanon, Tajikistan" (para 3).
Nov. 30, 2016, 8:42 p.m.
Countries: Mali
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4, ATDW-PRACTICE-1

"The amount of dowry is set at the token sum of 15,000 CFA francs both for a young girl and for a woman already married. It is not reimbursed in the event of divorce if the marriage has been consummated" (53).
Nov. 27, 2016, 12:47 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4

"'A Qazi has to speak about truthfulness and rights. In Ayats of Quran, rights are clearly mentioned. We will put our efforts to ensure women get the rights related to marriages, talaq and mehar along with other issues,' she said. Elaborating on mehar, which was part of the curriculum during the two-year training, Jahan Ara said: 'It should not be less than one-year salary of bridegroom. Mehar is a right of a woman at the time of marriage.' Jahan Ara added, 'Quran spoke about mehar for financial safety of a woman entering into marriage.' Jahan Ara and Afroz Begum were sent for training by Bharatiya Muslim Mahila Andolan, which concluded ...more
Nov. 15, 2016, 6:47 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"The Jammu and Kashmir Police Crime Branch in 2012 revealed that over the past couple of years, 4,066 cases of crimes against women have been registered. These include...4 cases under the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, one case of dowry death, and two cases of immoral trafficking"(para 4)
Sept. 14, 2016, 3:44 p.m.
Countries: Ghana
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

“Seventy percent of currently married women in Ghana live in marriages where a price was negotiated and paid for the bride” (289). “Seventy percent of currently married women in Ghana live in marriages where their bridewealth was negotiated and paid in full, 10 percent had a bridewealth negotiated and partially paid, 2 percent had their bridewealth negotiated but did not pay at all, and 18 percent of the women’s bridewealth was not negotiated” (311). “Sixty-eight percent of currently married men age 15-49 have negotiated their bridewealth and paid it in full, while 12 percent negotiated the bridewealth and paid it partially. It is interesting to note that 19 percent of ...more
Sept. 13, 2016, 5:02 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-4, IAD-LAW-1

“India had long since banned dowry payments from a girl's parents to the family of a groom before marriage … And more recently, India threw out Hindu laws that barred women from inheriting property from their fathers” (para 14).
March 21, 2016, 7:08 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan, Sudan
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"Yes, bride prices and dowry’s are still very prevalent in Sudan and South Sudan. There is not one set price for a bride that we have discovered, but are set by a family depending on a variety of factors set by the patriarchs (education level, beauty, familial rank/status… are just a few)" (1)
Feb. 26, 2016, 10:59 a.m.
Countries: Iran
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"The three elements of an Islamic marriage contract constitute (1) the offer of marriage made by the woman or her guardian, (2) the acceptance by the man, and (3) mahr (or mahriyeh i.e. the marriage gift) which is money or a valuable item that the husband pays or pledges to pay the wife" (19). "According to Article 1082 of the Civil Code: 'Immediately after the conclusion of the marriage contract, the wife becomes the owner of the mahriyeh and can take possession of it or spend it in any way that she wishes'" (30). "Article 1085 of Civil Code provides: 'As long as the mahr is not paid to her, ...more
Feb. 26, 2016, 12:46 a.m.
Countries: Pakistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"On behalf of Fight Against Dowry Advocacy Network (FADAN), I dare to ask the Government of Pakistan, all legislators, powerful donor groups interested in the development of a liberal society, and elite feminists, activists, and advocates of human rights, and child, youth, and women’s rights that for how long:...Will vulgar display of wealth be tolerated in the name of dowry?Will 'Stove deaths/kitchen deaths' of women, usually newlywed, be considered as 'accidental' and not dowry deaths? Will dowry demands and lavish weddings be endorsed in the name of culture and custom and not considered cognizable crimes? Will legislation against dowry and related violence be delayed? (Does it impact corporate interests?)"(para 6, ...more
Feb. 18, 2016, 4:31 p.m.
Countries: Senegal
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"While it is allowed, breaking an engagement unilaterally is penalized under Senegalese legislation when there is no legitimate reason for it. In accordance with article 107, paragraph 2, of the Family Code, if it is the fiancee who unilaterally breaks the engagement, she is obliged to return the gift she received from her fiance. The same article gives the latter the right to file an objection to the marriage of his former fiancee until she has returned this gift to him. On the other hand, if the fiance breaks his engagement without a legitimate reason, he forfeits the right to reclaim the gift from his fiancee. With regard to a ...more
Jan. 21, 2016, 9:23 p.m.
Countries: Syria
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-1, MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-1, MARR-LAW-4

“To cope with the economic devastation of war, many Syrian families are selling their teenage daughters into marriage. In one ISIS-controlled city—where foreign fighters, in particular, offer hefty dowries—an estimated two in ten girls are victims of this practice” (para 5). At this time the current ruling body in this area of Syria is the Islamic State. Women in this area are subject to sharia law as implemented by Da’esh rather than Syrian national law (SL – CODER COMMENT).
Jan. 6, 2016, 10:45 p.m.
Countries: Oman
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"The Committee is concerned that, despite efforts such as the Royal Decree No. 55/2010 to prevent the practice of dowry from limiting women’s rights to choose their husbands freely, this custom continues to negatively impact on the rights of women" (9)
Jan. 6, 2016, 10:42 p.m.
Countries: Benin
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"Act No. 2002-07 of 24 August 2004 on the Personal and Family Code lays down egalitarian principles in accordance with the Constitution and thus significantly combats discrimination… It provides that bride money shall be symbolic in nature (art. 142)" (5)
Jan. 5, 2016, 11:30 a.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"The Dowry Prohibition Act (hereafter DPA) was enacted in 1961. However this was seen as a mere paper tiger. The Committee on the Status of Women had pointed out various loopholes in this law, and the ineffectiveness of the law became apparent from the fact that even ten years after its enactment only a couple of cases had been decided under this Act" (12). "The campaign against dowry resulted in the amendments in the DPA in 1983, 1985 and 1986. Amendments were also made in the Indian Penal Code and the Indian Evidence Act, 1872. The amendments relating to dowry violence introduced two new types of offences on violence against ...more
Dec. 31, 2015, 2:59 p.m.
Countries: Afghanistan
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"Both baad and baadal frequently lead to forced and child marriages, which are prohibited under the EVAW law. Baad is also specifically prohibited by the EVAW Law, and is punishable by 5 to 10 years of imprisonment. Baadal is a crime under provisions of the EVAW Law that criminalizes underage marriage and forced marriage in cases where it involves a girl under 16 (or 15 if her father or a court have given consent), or occurs without her consent" (33).
Dec. 21, 2015, 1:05 p.m.
Countries: India
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4

"16.98 PER CENT Rate of conviction for Attempt to Commit Murder For Dowry in 2012 was but dropped to a mere 3.17 per cent in 2013" (para 10)
Nov. 19, 2015, 9:39 p.m.
Countries: Moldova
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4

"Romani law establishes that the man's family must pay a bride price to the bride's parents, but only traditional families still follow this rule" (para 2)
Nov. 19, 2015, 9:38 p.m.
Countries: Serbia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4

"Romani law establishes that the man's family must pay a bride price to the bride's parents, but only traditional families still follow this rule" (para 2)
Nov. 19, 2015, 9:37 p.m.
Countries: Macedonia
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4

"Romani law establishes that the man's family must pay a bride price to the bride's parents, but only traditional families still follow this rule" (para 2)
Nov. 19, 2015, 9:33 p.m.
Countries: Montenegro
Variables: MARR-PRACTICE-5, MARR-LAW-4

"Romani law establishes that the man's family must pay a bride price to the bride's parents, but only traditional families still follow this rule" (para 2)
Oct. 18, 2015, 7:05 p.m.
Countries: Barbados
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

There do not appear to be any laws regarding dowries or bride prices (ORR-CODER COMMENT)
Oct. 9, 2015, noon
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

“After years of a protracted battle against Uganda’s ‘bride price’ practice, the country’s Supreme Court this week ruled that husbands can no longer demand that it be returned in the event of dissolution of a customary marriage but has stopped short of declaring the practice itself unconstitutional” (para 1). “The legal battle over ‘bride prices’ started back in 2007 when MIFUMI, a non-governmental women’s rights organisation based in Kampala, filed a petition to Uganda’s Constitutional Court, seeking to have them declared unconstitutional. MIFUMI, whose work revolves around the protection of women and children experiencing violence and other forms of abuse, argues that if women are empowered they can rise above ...more
Oct. 4, 2015, 5:28 p.m.
Countries: South Sudan
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"Under all of South Sudan’s customary law codes, marriage involves the payment of a bride price by a man and his family to a woman’s family" (4). "Despite these variations in procedure, in most of the customary law systems it is the return of bride price to a husband’s family that renders a couple divorced. The need to return the bride price can create a number of difficulties. At the start of a marriage, the bride price is distributed among a bride’s family and her various relatives. Repayment can cause logistical problems and friction within families, prompting them to push for reconciliation at any cost" (5)
Oct. 4, 2015, 5:07 p.m.
Countries: Palestine
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"Abu Jabin, Clarified that the legislation council and higher shariah court council worked at the materials as following: (1) At the true Marriage contract the parties (husband and wife)agreed on khula (the right for a woman to divorce her husband) between them when they not able to do the martial rights and obligations. (2) When the parties (husband and wife) did not agrees on khula ,woman has right to khula file claim to deposit the dowry, gifts and expenses marriage for the husband, on the occasion of husband refusing , the court played legal mediation for reconciliation between them during thirty days , at the not reconciliation: The court decision ...more
Sept. 10, 2015, 9:56 p.m.
Countries: Uganda
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"[Florence Musidika was] confronted by a new injustice: under customary law her marriage to her abusive husband could not be dissolved until her family had refunded the bride price he had paid by in exchange for her hand. Musidika is just one of many women whose families knew of her suffering but, unable to return the payment -- often made in livestock -- they sent her back to her abuser, imploring her to 'try and be a good wife,' explains Atuki Turner, the founder of women's rights organization Mifumi" (para 2-3). This shows that there is a tradition of Bride Price/Dowry [KAM-CODER COMMENT]. "Paying bride price is common across Africa, ...more
Sept. 9, 2015, 10:29 p.m.
Countries: Djibouti
Variables: MARR-LAW-4

"The Committee notes with concern that under the 2002 Family Code… the requirement of payment to the bride of a dowry (mahr) in order for the marriage to be valid (arts. 7, 20 and 21)" (13)